Deakin University
Browse

File(s) under permanent embargo

The impact of structured self-monitoring of blood glucose on clinical, behavioral, and psychosocial outcomes among adults with non-insulin-treated type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-15, 03:05 authored by Elizabeth Holmes-TruscottElizabeth Holmes-Truscott, Shaira Baptista, Mathew Ling, Eileen Collins, EIif I Ekinci, John Furler, Virginia HaggerVirginia Hagger, Jo-Anne Manski-Nankervis, Caroline Wells, Jane SpeightJane Speight
BackgroundSelf-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is considered of little clinical benefit for adults with non-insulin-treated type 2 diabetes, but no comprehensive review of a structured approach to SMBG has been published to date.PurposeTo conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of sSMBG on HbA1c, treatment modifications, behavioral and psychosocial outcomes, and; examine the moderating effects of sSMBG protocol characteristics on HbA1c.Data sourcesFour databases searched (November 2020; updated: February 2022).Study selectionInclusion criteria: non-randomized and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective observational studies; reporting effect of sSMBG on stated outcomes; among adults (≥18 years) with non-insulin-treated type 2 diabetes. Studies excluded if involving children or people with insulin-treated or other forms of diabetes.Data extraction and analysisOutcome data extracted, and risk of bias/quality assessed independently by two researchers. Meta-analysis was conducted for RCTs, and moderators explored (HbA1c only).Data synthesisFrom 2,078 abstracts, k=23 studies were included (N=5,372). Risk of bias was evident and study quality was low. Outcomes assessed included: HbA1c (k=23), treatment modification (k=16), psychosocial/behavioral outcomes (k=12). Meta-analysis revealed a significant mean difference favoring sSMBG in HbA1c (-0·29%, 95% CI: -0·46 to -0·11, k=13) and diabetes self-efficacy (0.17%, 95% CI: 0.01 to 0.33, k=2). Meta-analysis revealed no significant moderating effects by protocol characteristics.LimitationsFindings limited by heterogeneity in study designs, intervention characteristics, and psychosocial assessments.ConclusionA small positive effect of sSMBG on HbA1c and diabetes self-efficacy was observed. Narrative synthesis of sSMBG intervention characteristics may guide future implementation.PROSPERO registrationhttps://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42020208857, identifier CRD42020208857.

History

Journal

Frontiers in Clinical Diabetes and Healthcare

Volume

4

Article number

1177030

Pagination

1177030-

Location

Switzerland

ISSN

2673-6616

eISSN

2673-6616

Language

eng

Publisher

Frontiers Media SA