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The influence of incarceration length and protection status on perceptions of prison social climate

journal contribution
posted on 2016-02-01, 00:00 authored by Sharon Casey, Andrew Day, John Reynolds
Using a 2 (incarceration length) × 2 (custody type) between-groups design, the present study assessed whether inmates’ perceptions of the prison social climate were influenced by their security classification and length of time they had been incarcerated. Analyses of data collected from 76 male prisoners who completed a 15-item measure of prison social climate revealed an interaction effect between length of incarceration and protective prisoner status. Those housed in protective
custody who had been incarcerated for longer than 6 months rated the social climate significantly more positively than both protective custody prisoners incarcerated for less than 6 months and those not in protective custody. This interaction was strongest on those social climate dimensions relating to therapeutic hold and social cohesion. A univariate effect was also observed whereby protective custody prisoners, irrespective of incarceration length, reported that they experienced the environment as less safe than their mainstream (non-protective custody) counterparts.

History

Journal

Criminal justice and behavior

Volume

43

Issue

2

Pagination

285 - 296

Publisher

Sage Publications

Location

Thousand Oaks, Calif.

ISSN

0093-8548

eISSN

1552-3594

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article

Copyright notice

2016, Sage Publications