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The positive effects of a protean career attitude for self-initiated expatriates: Cultural adjustment as a mediator

journal contribution
posted on 2022-10-28, 01:33 authored by L Cao, Andreas HirschiAndreas Hirschi, J Deller
PurposeThe authors sought to explain why and how protean career attitude might influence self‐initiated expatriates' (SIEs) experiences positively. A mediation model of cultural adjustment was proposed and empirically evaluated.Design/methodology/approachData from 132 SIEs in Germany containing measures of protean career attitude, cultural adjustment, career satisfaction, life satisfaction, and intention to stay in the host country were analysed using path analysis with a bootstrap method.FindingsEmpirical results provide support for the authors' proposed model: the positive relations between protean career attitude and the three expatriation outcomes (career satisfaction, life satisfaction and intention to stay in the host country) were mediated by positive cross‐cultural adjustment of SIEs.Research limitations/implicationsAll data were cross‐sectional from a single source. The sample size was small and included a large portion of Chinese participants. The study should be replicated with samples in other destination countries, and longitudinal research is suggested.Practical implicationsBy fostering both a protean career attitude in skilled SIE employees and their cultural adjustment, corporations and receiving countries could be able to retain this international workforce better in times of talent shortage.Originality/valueThis study contributes to the scarce research on the conceptual relatedness of protean career attitude and SIEs, as well as to acknowledging the cultural diversity of the SIE population.

History

Journal

Career Development International

Volume

18

Pagination

56-77

ISSN

1362-0436

eISSN

1758-6003

Language

English

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

1

Publisher

EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LTD