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The relationship between body dysmorphic disorder symptoms and self-construals

journal contribution
posted on 2011-03-01, 00:00 authored by B Phillips, Richard Moulding, M Kyrios, M Nedeljkovic, S Mancuso
Background:  Cognitive models of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) suggest that beliefs and evaluations related to self-concept are central to the maintenance of the disorder, but such beliefs have received little empirical attention. This study examined the relative importance of contingent self-worth and self-ambivalence to BDD symptoms in comparison to their importance to obsessive–compulsive disorder and social phobia symptoms.

Method: 
The sample comprised 194 non-clinical participants (female, N = 148; males, N = 46) with a mean age of 24.70 years (standard deviation = 9.34). Participants were asked to complete a battery of self-report questionnaires. Results:  While significant relationships were found between the self-beliefs and symptoms of all three disorders, some specificity was found in the relationships.

Conclusions: 
Self-worth based upon appearance was most important in BDD, while contingent self-worth based on the approval of others was important in social phobia. Self-ambivalence was associated with each disorder. Implications and limitations are discussed.

History

Journal

Clinical psychologist

Volume

15

Issue

1

Pagination

10 - 16

Publisher

Wiley

Location

Oxford, England

ISSN

1328-4207

eISSN

1742-9552

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal