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The role of people with intellectual disability in intellectual disability research: A systematic review of Delphi studies

journal contribution
posted on 2024-01-12, 00:24 authored by Diana K Piantedosi, Amie O’Shea
Background The way intellectual disability research is designed warrants critical examination, as the knowledge produced through these approaches informs evidence-based practices. People with lived experience should be considered experts in relation to understanding their bodies, conditions, and treatment. Method This systematic review analyses the design of Delphi studies, to determine the extent to which people with intellectual disability are involved as experts. The design of Delphi studies (involving structured feedback from experts) provides an insight into the extent that ‘lived experience’ is valued as a source of expert knowledge. Results Fifty-five publications reporting on forty-nine separate Delphi studies met our inclusion criteria. Nine publications report the involvement of people with intellectual disability. However, family/informal caregivers are represented as experts in higher numbers and their voices carry greater weight. Conclusion The findings of this review include guidance for practitioners and researchers to facilitate greater participatory roles of people with intellectual disability.

History

Journal

Journal of Intellectual Disabilities

Pagination

1-16

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

1744-6295

eISSN

1744-6309

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Publisher

SAGE Publications

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