The role of sweet taste in satiation and satiety.
journal contributionposted on 2014-09-01, 00:00 authored by Yu Qing Low, Katie LacyKatie Lacy, Russell KeastRussell Keast
Increased energy consumption, especially increased consumption of sweet energy-dense food, is thought to be one of the main contributors to the escalating rates in overweight individuals and obesity globally. The individual's ability to detect or sense sweetness in the oral cavity is thought to be one of many factors influencing food acceptance, and therefore, taste may play an essential role in modulating food acceptance and/or energy intake. Emerging evidence now suggests that the sweet taste signaling mechanisms identified in the oral cavity also operate in the gastrointestinal system and may influence the development of satiety. Understanding the individual differences in detecting sweetness in both the oral and gastrointestinal system towards both caloric sugar and high intensity sweetener and the functional role of the sweet taste system may be important in understanding the reasons for excess energy intake. This review will summarize evidence of possible associations between the sweet taste mechanisms within the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract and the brain systems towards both caloric sugar and high intensity sweetener and sweet taste function, which may influence satiation, satiety and, perhaps, predisposition to being overweight and obesity.
Pagination3431 - 3450
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Publication classificationC Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2014, The Authors
CategoriesNo categories selected
AppetiteBMIObesityOral sensitivityOral sweet taste sensitivitySatietySensory specific satietySugarSweet tasteSweetenersScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineNutrition & DieteticsY GASTRIC BYPASSPROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORSHIGH-INTENSITY SWEETENERSGLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDE-1NORMAL-WEIGHT SUBJECTSSHORT-TERM APPETITEFOOD-INTAKEARTIFICIAL SWEETENERGLUCOSE-ABSORPTIONENERGY-INTAKEWEIGHT-LOSSDETECTION THRESHOLDINTENSE SWEETENERSMETABOLIC SYNDROMEGLOBAL BURDEN