The substantial personal burden experienced by younger people with hip or knee osteoarthritis
journal contributionposted on 2015-08-01, 00:00 authored by I N Ackerman, A Bucknill, Richard PageRichard Page, N S Broughton, C Roberts, B Cavka, Peter SchochPeter Schoch, C A Brand
OBJECTIVE: To compare Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and psychological distress in younger people with hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA) to age- and sex-matched population norms, and evaluate work limitations in this group. METHOD: People aged 20-55 years with hip or knee OA were recruited from major hospitals (n = 126) and community advertisements (n = 21). HRQoL was assessed using the Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL) instrument (minimal important difference 0.06 AQoL units) and compared to population norms. Psychological distress was assessed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and the prevalence of high/very high distress (K10 score ≥22) was compared to Australian population data. Work limitations were evaluated using the Workplace Activity Limitations Scale (WALS). RESULTS: Considering most participants had a relatively recent OA diagnosis (<5 years), the extent of HRQoL impairment was unexpected. A very large reduction in HRQoL was evident for the overall sample, compared with population norms (mean difference -0.35 AQoL units, 95% CI -0.40 to -0.31). Females, people aged 40-49 years, and those with hip OA reported average HRQoL impairment of almost 40% (mean reductions -0.38 to -0.39 AQoL units). The overall prevalence of high/very high distress was 4 times higher than for the population (relative risk 4.19, 95% CI 3.53-4.98) and 67% reported moderate to considerable OA-related work disability, according to WALS scores. CONCLUSIONS: These results clearly demonstrate the substantial personal burden experienced by younger people with hip or knee OA, and support the provision of targeted services to improve HRQoL and maximise work participation in this group.