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The three Ps of radicalization: push, pull and personal. A systematic scoping review of the scientific evidence about radicalization into violent extremism

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2020, 00:00 authored by Matteo VerganiMatteo Vergani, M Iqbal, E Ilbahar, Greg BartonGreg Barton
© 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. In this article, we present the findings of the first systematic scoping review of scientific literature on radicalization into violent extremism since the Al Qaeda attacks on 11 September 2001. We selected and categorized all scholarly, peer-reviewed, English-language articles published between 2001 and 2015 that empirically investigated the factors of radicalization into violent extremism (N = 148). In the analysis we consider two main dependent variables (behavioral and cognitive radicalization) and three main independent variables (push, pull, and personal factors). “Pull” factors of radicalization emerge as the main factors of radicalization across studies focused on different geographical areas and ideologies. This article points to the need to focus more on the interaction between push, pull, and personal factors, and to diversify the methodologies used in the field.

History

Journal

Studies in conflict and terrorism

Volume

43

Issue

10

Pagination

854 - 885

Publisher

Taylor and Francis

Location

Abingdon, Eng.

ISSN

1057-610X

eISSN

1521-0731

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2018, Taylor & Francis Group