File(s) under permanent embargo
Tourism, globalization, social externalities, and domestic welfare
journal contributionposted on 2004-06-01, 00:00 authored by Chi-Chur Chao, B Hazari, Pasquale Sgro
One of the impacts of globalisation has been the growth in tourism and mobility of capital. This paper examines the welfare effect of tourism on the host economy with imperfect competition. Three channels that affects domestic welfare by tourism are: social externalities accompanied with tourists, the terms of trade effect via rises in the non-tradable prices, and the resource movement effect to the manufacturing sector. Owing to the positive terms-of-trade effect and/or the beneficial resource movement effect, the optimal levels of tourism occur at the situations that tourists bring negative social externalities to the economy.