Toward high-energy-density lithium metal batteries: opportunities and challenges for solid organic electrolytes
journal contributionposted on 2020-01-21, 00:00 authored by Xiaoen Wang, Robert KerrRobert Kerr, Fangfang ChenFangfang Chen, Nicolas GoujonNicolas Goujon, Jenny PringleJenny Pringle, D Mecerreyes, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth, Patrick HowlettPatrick Howlett
With increasing demands for safe, high capacity energy storage to support personal electronics, newer devices such as unmanned aerial vehicles, as well as the commercialization of electric vehicles, current energy storage technologies are facing increased challenges. Although alternative batteries have been intensively investigated, lithium (Li) batteries are still recognized as the preferred energy storage solution for the consumer electronics markets and next generation automobiles. However, the commercialized Li batteries still have disadvantages, such as low capacities, potential safety issues, and unfavorable cycling life. Therefore, the design and development of electromaterials toward high-energy-density, long-life-span Li batteries with improved safety is a focus for researchers in the field of energy materials. Herein, recent advances in the development of novel organic electrolytes are summarized toward solid-state Li batteries with higher energy density and improved safety. On the basis of new insights into ionic conduction and design principles of organic-based solid-state electrolytes, specific strategies toward developing these electrolytes for Li metal anodes, high-energy-density cathode materials (e.g., high voltage materials), as well as the optimization of cathode formulations are outlined. Finally, prospects for next generation solid-state electrolytes are also proposed.
Pagination1 - 21
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Publication classificationC1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
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high energy densitylithium metalorganic ionic plastic crystalspolymer electrolytessolid‐state lithium batteriesScience & TechnologyPhysical SciencesTechnologyChemistry, MultidisciplinaryChemistry, PhysicalNanoscience & NanotechnologyMaterials Science, MultidisciplinaryPhysics, AppliedPhysics, Condensed MatterChemistryScience & Technology - Other TopicsMaterials SciencePhysicssolid-state lithium batteriesIONIC PLASTIC CRYSTALPOLYMER COMPOSITE ELECTROLYTESMOLECULAR-DYNAMICSHIGH-VOLTAGEELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIESENHANCED CONDUCTIVITYPOLY(ETHYLENE OXIDE)INTERPHASE FORMATIONTRANSPORT-PROPERTIESSALT CONCENTRATION