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Transport and phase dynamics of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) doped plastically crystalline N-methyl-N-propylpyrrolidinium tetrafluoroborate
journal contributionposted on 2006-01-16, 00:00 authored by J Efthimiadis, G Annat, Jim Efthimiadis, D MacFarlane, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth
The plastic crystal phase forming N-methyl-N-propylpyrrolidinium tetrafluoroborate organic salt (P13BF4) was combined with 2, 5 and 10 wt.% poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP). The ternary 2 wt.% PVP/2 wt.% LiBF4/P13BF4 was also investigated. Thermal analysis, conductivity, optical thermomicroscopy, and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (11B, 19F, 1H, 7Li) were used to probe the fundamental transport processes. Both the onset of phase I and the final melting temperature were reduced with increasing additions of PVP. Conductivity in phase I was 2.6 × 10− 4 S cm− 1 5.2 × 10− 4 S cm− 1 1.1 × 10− 4 S cm− 1 and 3.9 × 10− 5 S cm− 1 for 0, 2, 5 and 10 wt.%PVP/P13BF4, respectively. Doping with 2 wt.% LiBF4 increased the conductivity by up to an order of magnitude in phase II. Further additions of 2 wt.% PVP slightly reduced the conductivity, although it remained higher than for pure P13BF4.
JournalSolid state ionics
Pagination95 - 104
LocationAmsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication classificationC1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2005, Elsevier B.V.
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poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP)pyrrolidiniumtetrafluoroborateorganic saltsplastic crystal phaseselectrolyteNuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)conductivityScience & TechnologyPhysical SciencesChemistry, PhysicalPhysics, Condensed MatterChemistryPhysicsTHIN-FILM LITHIUMION-TRANSPORTPOLYMER ELECTROLYTESBATTERIESBEHAVIOR