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Two maximum entropy-based algorithms for running quantile estimation in nonstationary data streams

Version 2 2024-06-03, 16:52
Version 1 2016-03-07, 19:50
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 16:52 authored by O Arandjelovic, D Pham, Svetha VenkateshSvetha Venkatesh
The need to estimate a particular quantile of a distribution is an important problem that frequently arises in many computer vision and signal processing applications. For example, our work was motivated by the requirements of many semiautomatic surveillance analytics systems that detect abnormalities in close-circuit television footage using statistical models of low-level motion features. In this paper, we specifically address the problem of estimating the running quantile of a data stream when the memory for storing observations is limited. We make the following several major contributions: 1) we highlight the limitations of approaches previously described in the literature that make them unsuitable for nonstationary streams; 2) we describe a novel principle for the utilization of the available storage space; 3) we introduce two novel algorithms that exploit the proposed principle in different ways; and 4) we present a comprehensive evaluation and analysis of the proposed algorithms and the existing methods in the literature on both synthetic data sets and three large real-world streams acquired in the course of operation of an existing commercial surveillance system. Our findings convincingly demonstrate that both of the proposed methods are highly successful and vastly outperform the existing alternatives. We show that the better of the two algorithms (data-aligned histogram) exhibits far superior performance in comparison with the previously described methods, achieving more than 10 times lower estimate errors on real-world data, even when its available working memory is an order of magnitude smaller.

History

Journal

IEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technology

Volume

25

Pagination

1469-1479

Location

Piscataway, N.J.

ISSN

1051-8215

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article, C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2015, IEEE

Issue

9

Publisher

IEEE