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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Sarcopenia as Comorbid Chronic Diseases in Older Adults: Established and Emerging Treatments and Therapies

journal contribution
posted on 2023-10-03, 00:27 authored by Jakub MesinovicJakub Mesinovic, Jackson J Fyfe, Jason Talevski, Michael J Wheeler, Gloria KW Leung, Elena S George, Melkamu T Hunegnaw, Costas Glavas, Paul Jansons, Robin M Daly, David Scott
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and sarcopenia (low skeletal muscle mass and function) share a bidirectional relationship. The prevalence of these diseases increases with age and they share common risk factors. Skeletal muscle fat infiltration, commonly referred to as myosteatosis, may be a major contributor to both T2DM and sarcopenia in older adults via independent effects on insulin resistance and muscle health. Many strategies to manage T2DM result in energy restriction and subsequent weight loss, and this can lead to significant declines in muscle mass in the absence of resistance exercise, which is also a first-line treatment for sarcopenia. In this review, we highlight recent evidence on established treatments and emerging therapies targeting weight loss and muscle mass and function improvements in older adults with, or at risk of, T2DM and/or sarcopenia. This includes dietary, physical activity and exercise interventions, new generation incretin-based agonists and myostatin-based antagonists, and endoscopic bariatric therapies. We also highlight how digital health technologies and health literacy interventions can increase uptake of, and adherence to, established and emerging treatments and therapies in older adults with T2DM and/or sarcopenia.

History

Journal

Diabetes and Metabolism Journal

Pagination

1-24

Location

Seoul , Korea

ISSN

2233-6079

eISSN

2233-6087

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Publisher

Korean Diabetes Association