Deakin University
Browse
1/1
2 files

Undercarboxylated Osteocalcin Improves Insulin-Stimulated Glucose Uptake in Muscles of Corticosterone-Treated Mice

Version 2 2024-06-04, 12:55
Version 1 2019-04-11, 15:30
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-04, 12:55 authored by X Lin, Lewan ParkerLewan Parker, E McLennan, A Hayes, G McConell, TC Brennan-Speranza, I Levinger
INTRODUCTION: Short-term administration of glucocorticoids (GCs) impairs muscle insulin sensitivity at least in part via the reduction of undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC). However, whether ucOC treatment reverses the GC-induced muscle insulin resistance remains unclear. AIM: To test the hypothesis that ucOC directly ameliorates impaired insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (ISGU) induced by short-term GC administration in mice muscle, and to identify the molecular mechanisms. METHODS: Mice were implanted with placebo or corticosterone (CS) slow-release pellets. Two days post-surgery, insulin tolerance tests (ITTs) were performed. On Day 3, serum was collected and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus muscles were isolated and treated ex vivo with vehicle, ucOC (30 ng/mL), insulin (60 µU/mL), or both. Circulating hormone levels, muscle glucose uptake, and muscle signalling proteins were assessed. RESULTS: CS administration reduced both serum osteocalcin and ucOC levels, whole-body insulin sensitivity, and muscle ISGU in EDL. Ex vivo ucOC treatment restored ISGU in CS-affected muscle, without increasing non-insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. In CS-affected EDL muscle, ucOC enhanced insulin action on phosphorylated (p-)Protein Kinase B (Akt)Ser473 and the p-extracellular signal-regulated kinase isoform 2 (ERK2)Thr202/Tyr204 /total (t)ERK2 ratio, which correlated with ISGU. In CS-affected soleus muscle, ucOC enhanced insulin action on p-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)Ser2481 , the p-mTOR Ser2481 /tmTOR ratio, p-Akt substrate of 160kD (AS160)Thr642 , and p-Protein Kinase C (PKC) (pan)Thr410 , which correlated with ISGU. Furthermore, p-PKC (pan)Thr410 correlated with p-AktSer473 and p-AS160Thr642 . CONCLUSIONS: ucOC exerts direct insulin-sensitizing effects on CS-affected mouse muscle, likely through an enhancement in activity of key proteins involved in both insulin and ucOC signalling pathways. Furthermore, these effects are muscle type-dependent.

History

Journal

Journal of Bone and Mineral Research

Volume

34

Pagination

1517-1530

Location

United States

Open access

  • Yes

ISSN

0884-0431

eISSN

1523-4681

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, The Authors

Issue

8

Publisher

WILEY