Deakin University
Browse

File(s) under permanent embargo

Unveiling the dermatological potential of marine fungal species components: Antioxidant and inhibitory capacities over tyrosinase

Version 2 2024-06-03, 15:06
Version 1 2021-06-07, 10:51
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 15:06 authored by S Agrawal, Colin BarrowColin Barrow, A Adholeya, SK Deshmukh
Marine fungi are a rich source of biologically active molecules, but a poorly explored bioresource for cosmeceutical products. This study evaluates the phytochemistry, antioxidant, and antityrosinase effects of the organic extracts of marine fungi isolated from various marine environments in India. Out of 35 screened fungal strains, methanol extracts of strains P2, Talaromyces stipitatus, and D4, Aspergillus terreus exhibited antityrosinase activity of 45% and 43%, respectively, at the lowest concentration of 0.5 mg/mL. The highest free radicals scavenging activity of 94% and 97% was observed at 500 mg/mL, respectively, of the same fungal extracts. The total phenolic content ranged from 8.20 to 20.30 mg/g of the dry weight of extract, expressed as gallic acid equivalent. GC–MS analysis of T. stipitatus and A. terreus extract identified seven and 10 major compounds, respectively. Some of the major compounds included azetidine, (3E)-3-[(3,5-dimethoxybenzoyl)hydrazono]-N-isobutyl butanamide, aziridine, and 3-methylcyclopentanone, 1,1-dimethylcyclohexane, cyclopentane carboxylic acid, N-allyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2-benzothiophene-1-carboxamide, cyclo(l-Pro-l-Val), and 3-phenylpropionitrile. In conclusion, this study showed abundant fungal resources in Indian marine environments. A correlation between total phenolic contents of the extracts confirmed that phenolic compounds play an important role in antioxidant as well as antityrosinase activity of the marine fungal extracts and can be viewed as new potential antityrosinase and antioxidant resources.

History

Journal

Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry

Volume

69

Article number

bab.2201

Pagination

1252-1266

Location

United States

ISSN

0885-4513

eISSN

1470-8744

Language

English

Notes

In Press article

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

3

Publisher

WILEY