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Urinary diversion in children with pelvic tumors

journal contribution
posted on 2004-12-01, 00:00 authored by D B Meir, M Inoue, U Gur, P M Livne, Y Yaniv, K Tiedeman, David Ashley, J M Hutson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate children presenting with malignant pelvic tumors obstructing the upper urinary tract. METHODS: Seventeen children with upper urinary tract obstruction by a malignant tumor were reviewed. A nephrostomy tube or Double J (DJ) stent was inserted into each obstructed urinary system and removed after tumor shrinkage and/or hydronephrosis regression. RESULTS: There were 9 boys and 8 girls in the study; the mean age and median follow-up were 5.7 years and 2.5 years, respectively. The most common obstructing tumor was rhabdomyosarcoma. Twelve children underwent diversion by nephrostomy tubes and 3 by DJ stents; 2 patients underwent resection of the tumors with ureteroureterostomy. Complications after the insertion of the stents included febrile urinary tract infections (UTI) or pyelonephritis in 4 of the children with DJ stents. In the nephrostomy group, febrile UTI developed in 3 and the tube fell out in 1, and was blocked in another. Of the 17 children, 9 have no evidence of disease, 2 are currently under treatment, and 6 died of cancer. CONCLUSIONS: The prognosis of children with malignant pelvic tumor obstructing the upper urinary system justifies urgent and optimal upper tract diversion, enabling chemotherapy to be started immediately.

History

Journal

Journal of pediatric surgery

Volume

39

Issue

12

Pagination

1787 - 1790

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0022-3468

eISSN

1531-5037

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2004, Elsevier

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