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VNTR polymorphism of the insulin gene and childhood overweight in a general population

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posted on 2004-03-01, 00:00 authored by B Heude, Severine Dubois, M A Charles, M Deweirder, C Dina, J M Borys, P Ducimetiere, P Froguel
Objective: The VNTR polymorphism 5' of the insulin gene has been related to obesity in a previous study on children with early onset of severe obesity. Our purpose was to analyze the association between this polymorphism and adiposity variability in an unselected population of children and adolescents in northern France.

Research Methods and Procedures: In 293 nuclear families from the Fleurbaix Laventie Ville Santé study, we genotyped the INS VNTR polymorphism in 431 children and adolescents (8 to 18 years of age) and their parents. Overweight was defined according to the international definition in both children and adults. A transmission disequilibrium test in families with an overweight offspring was performed. The prevalence of overweight was compared according to genotype. The effect of the genotype on BMI and waist circumference was tested with a linear regression model, adjusting for age, gender, and Tanner stage.

Results: There was an undertransmission of class III alleles from heterozygous parents to their overweight offspring (p < 0.002). Overweight was associated with class I alleles in children and adolescents (12% I/I, I/III vs. 3% III/III; p < 0.08). Those with a class III/III genotype had a 1 kg/m2 lower mean BMI (p = 0.04) and 3 cm lower waist circumference (p = 0.02) than those bearing one or two class I alleles. No association of adiposity or obesity with class I alleles was found in parents.

Discussion: INS VNTR polymorphism seems to contribute to differences in adiposity level in the general population of children and adolescents.

History

Journal

Obesity

Volume

12

Issue

3

Pagination

499 - 504

Publisher

North American Association for the Study of Obesity

Location

Silver Spring, Md.

ISSN

1930-7381

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

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