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Visual search in infantile nystagmus syndrome.
journal contributionposted on 2023-10-27, 05:04 authored by Bing Dai, Kwang Meng Cham, Larry AbelLarry Abel
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Research on infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) and visual search is limited. Conducting this research could assist practitioners in understanding how INS affects the real-life visual activities of patients and aid in developing new clinical visual function assessments for INS. BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to investigate how subjects with INS perform visual search tasks, and, particularly, to assess how INS subjects perform when targets are located at their null position or away from it, and when under additional cognitive demands. METHODS: INS subjects (N = 15) and controls (N = 20) performed conjunction and feature search tasks, both with and without mental arithmetic. Search performance was assessed using log-transformed total search time, gaze-dependent search time, and accuracy. Cognitive demand was quantified by pupil size and the NASA task-load index score. RESULTS: INS subjects showed longer search times compared to controls in conjunction search (P < 0.01), but not in feature search. Within INS and control subjects, the total search times were significantly increased by the addition of mental arithmetic (P < 0.0001). There was no difference in gaze-dependent search times between null target position and 15° away from null target position of subjects in conjunction search (P > 0.05). Accuracies were 100% for both control and INS subjects in both conjunction and feature search. CONCLUSION: Conjunction visual search was impaired in adult INS subjects, and further worsened under increased cognitive demand. The null position did not affect the visual search performance in INS.