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What works in secondary schools? A systematic review of classroom-based body image programs

journal contribution
posted on 2013-06-01, 00:00 authored by Z Yager, P Diedrichs, L Ricciardelli, E Halliwell
Governments, schools, and curriculum authorities are increasingly recognizing that body image during adolescence is a public health issue that warrants attention in the school setting. After 30 years of eating disorder prevention research, and given the current interest in this area, it seems timely to review the research on interventions to improve body image in schools. We reviewed universal-selective, classroom-based programs that have been conducted since the year 2000, among adolescents, and found 16 eligible intervention programs. Seven of these programs were effective in improving body image on at least one measure, from pre to post test, though effect sizes were small (d = 0.22–0.48). These effective programs were conducted among younger adolescents 12.33–13.62 years, and included activities focusing on media literacy, self esteem, and the influence of peers. Implications for school personnel and curriculum authorities are discussed, and we provide recommendations for a strategic approach to future research in this area.

History

Journal

Body image

Volume

10

Issue

3

Pagination

271 - 281

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

1740-1445

eISSN

1873-6807

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2013, Elsevier