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Women’s barriers to weight loss, perception of future diabetes risk and opinions of diet strategies following gestational diabetes: an online survey

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Version 1 2021-01-12, 15:49
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 08:35 authored by Kristy L Gray, Lois McKellar, SL O'Reilly, Peter M Clifton, Jennifer B Keogh
Weight loss after gestational diabetes (GDM) reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM); however, weight loss remains challenging in this population. In order to explore perceptions of T2DM risk, barriers to weight loss, and views of diet strategies in women with previous GDM, a cross-sectional online survey of n = 429 women in Australia aged ≥18 years with previous GDM was conducted. Opinions of intermittent energy restriction (IER) were of interest. Seventy-five percent of responders (n = 322) had overweight or obesity, and 34% (n = 144) believed they had a high risk of developing T2DM. Within the Theoretical Domains Framework, barriers to weight loss were prominently related to Environmental Context and Resources, Beliefs about Capabilities, and Behavioural Regulation. Exercising was the most tried method of weight loss over other diet strategies (71%, n = 234) and weight loss support by a dietician was appealing as individual appointments (65%, n = 242) or an online program (54%, n = 200). Most women (73%, n = 284) had heard of IER (the “5:2 diet”), but only 12% (n = 34) had tried it. Open comments (n = 100) revealed mixed views of IER. Women in Australia with previous GDM were found to lack a self-perceived high risk of developing T2DM and expressed barriers to weight loss related to their family environment, beliefs about their capabilities and behavioural regulation. IER is appealing for some women with previous GDM; however, views vary

History

Journal

International journal of environmental research and public health

Volume

17

Article number

9180

Pagination

1-12

Location

Basel, Switzerland

Open access

  • Yes

eISSN

1660-4601

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

24

Publisher

MDPI AG

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