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Work context, personal control, and burnout amongst nurses

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2002, 00:00 authored by Jacqueline Allen, David MellorDavid Mellor
While situational factors such as high workloads have been found to be predictive of burnout, not all people in the same work context develop burnout. This suggests that individual factors are implicated in susceptibility to burnout. We investigated the relationships between care type (acute/chronic), neuroticism, control (primary/secondary), and symptoms of burnout (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy) amongst 21 chronic care nurses and 83 acute care nurses working in a public hospital in regional Australia. Similar levels of burnout symptomatology and neuroticism were found in each group of nurses, and neuroticism was found to be associated with exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy in the total sample of nurses. Our prediction that primary control would protect against burnout symptoms in acute care nurses was supported only for professional efficacy, and the prediction that secondary control would protect against burnout in chronic care nurses was not supported.

History

Journal

Western journal of nursing research

Volume

24

Issue

8

Pagination

905 - 917

Publisher

Sage Publications

Location

Thousand Oaks, Calif.

ISSN

0193-9459

eISSN

1552-8456

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2002, Sage Publications