ß1/ß2/ß3-adrenoceptor knockout mice are obese and cold-sensitive but have normal lipolytic responses to fasting
journal contributionposted on 2002-10-23, 00:00 authored by M Jimenez, B Léger, K Canola, L Lehr, P Arboit, J Seydoux, Aaron RussellAaron Russell, J P Giacobino, P Muzzin, F Prietner
Catecholamines are viewed as major stimulants of diet- and cold-induced thermogenesis and of fasting-induced lipolysis, through the β-adrenoceptors (β1/β2/β3). To test this hypothesis, we generated β1/β2/β3-adrenoceptor triple knockout (TKO) mice and compared them to wild type animals. TKO mice exhibited normophagic obesity and cold-intolerance. Their brown fat had impaired morphology and lacked responses to cold of uncoupling protein-1 expression. In contrast, TKO mice had higher circulating levels of free fatty acids and glycerol at basal and fasted states, suggesting enhanced lipolysis. Hence, β-adrenergic signalling is essential for the resistance to obesity and cold, but not for the lipolytic response to fasting.