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β7 integrins contribute to demyelinating disease of the central nervous system
journal contributionposted on 2000-01-01, 00:00 authored by Jagat Kanwar, J E B Harrison, D Wang, E Leung, W Mueller, N Wagner, G W Krissansen
A role for alpha4 integrins in different forms of the multiple sclerosis-like disease experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) has been demonstrated, but the individual contributions of alpha4beta1, alpha4beta7, and the related alphaEbeta7 integrin have not been determined. The P7 integrins alpha4beta7 and alphaEbeta7 play a central role in chronic inflammation, mediating the trafficking, entry, and/or adhesion of lymphocytes in the inflamed pancreas and gut, and their ligands MAdCAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-cadherin are expressed on brain endothelial cells and/or on microvessels in the inflamed central nervous system. Here, we show that an antibody directed against the beta7 subunit greatly attenuates a non-remitting form of EAE, induced by adoptive transfer of myelin oligodendrocyte peptide (MOG35-55)-stimulated T cells. Combinational treatment with both anti-beta7 and alpha4 integrin subunit antibodies led to more rapid and complete remission than that obtained with anti-alpha4 antibody alone, potentially implicating a role for alphaEbeta7 in disease progression. Remission correlated with the down-regulation of the vascular addressins VCAM-1. MAdCAM-1, and ICAM-1 on cerebral blood vessels. Attenuated forms of disease were induced by adoptive transfer of either wild-type encephalitogenic T cells to beta7-deficient gene knockout mice, or of beta7-/-encephalitogenic T cells to wild-type recipients. The former finding indicates that beta7 + ve recruited cells contribute to disease progression. Thus alpha4beta1, alpha4beta7, and alphaEbeta7 integrins may all play a contributory role in the progression of chronic forms of demyelinating disease, and together with their ligands could represent potential targets for improved treatment of some forms of multiple sclerosis.
JournalJournal of neuroimmunology
Pagination146 - 152
LocationAmsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication classificationC1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2000, Elsevier Science B.V.
Adoptive TransferAnimalsAntibodies, MonoclonalAntigens, CDBrainCells, CulturedDemyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNSDrug SynergismEncephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, ExperimentalIntegrin alpha4Integrin beta ChainsIntegrinsLymphocyte ActivationLymphocytesMiceMice, Inbred C57BLMice, KnockoutMyelin ProteinsMyelin-Associated GlycoproteinMyelin-Oligodendrocyte GlycoproteinParalysisImmunology