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Unique invulnerability for unwanted pregnancy : cognitive or motivational?
thesisposted on 2001-01-01, 00:00 authored by Helen M. Aucote
The cognitive and motivational explanations of Unique Invulnerability (UI) for unwanted pregnancy (whereby individuals believe that their risk is less than that of the average female) were contrasted. Eight studies were conducted. Contrary to popular belief, it was found that the two different measures of UI (indirect-comparison (ICQ) and direct-comparison (DCQ)) were not equivalent; the findings suggest that while UI tapped by ICQs is cognitive in nature, UI tapped by DCQs is motivational in nature