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\ DESCRIPTIVE LIST

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lili IDS NATIVE TO VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA

V


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A DESCRIPTIVE LIST OF BIRDS NATIVE TO VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA.

The purpose of this List of Victorian Birds is to assist teachers in recognising, in the living state, some of the birds of their school district, and so enabling them more fully to interest their pupils in one of the best branches of nature-study.

One of the first difficulties is to know which bird is denoted by a particular name. This is a serious difficulty in Victoria, where the names vary so much from district to district, and where the vernacular names accepted by ornithologists are known to so very few. To assist in overcoming tins initial difficulty, the vernacular (recognised scientific simple) name is placed first, some of the local names are then given, and the scientific name comes last.

Many people were hampered in making a selection for the “ Twelve Best Birds ” discussion in The Argus, not because they did not know twelve good birds, but because they did not recognise the birds bv the names used in the lists sent in. I hus, I have been informed, after passing a company of Babblers near a school, that there were no Babblers in that district. On mentioning the local name, “ Cat Birds,” it was soon evident that a close study of these interesting and valuable birds had been made by the pupils. Again, the White-fronted Heron is an unknown quantity until the usual name “ Blue Crane,” is given; so with Nankeen Kestrel, almost invariably called by schoolboys the cc Sparrow-hawk,” although in the vernacular list this name is assigned to a different bird. So it is with the name Curlew. The popular “ Curlew” is well known,especially in Northern districts, by its mournful note, so frequently heard at night, while the “ Curlew ” of the ornithologist is a shore bird migrating to the Arctic to breed. The “ Curlew ” of the schoolboy is the Stone Plover of the scientist. It is hoped that one result of the issue of this list will be to help to secure uniformity of names.

As many common names as possible are given to enable teachers to identify any bird known to the pupils by one °! these names. It is hoped, however, that local names, unless really appropriate, will be used but seldom.

'Teachers are requested to consult the list for the vernacular name of each bird, and to use this instead of the local name. Where there is an appropriate local name, we should be very pleased to receive it, with a view to a possible future revision of the vernacular list.

It is earnestly hoped that no bird will be killed for the purpose of identification, but that teachers will note the approximate size, class oi country the bird lives in, any particular markings on it, and any peculiar habits it possesses. (hen turn to these notes. Run down the size column, and then compare the characters given under Romanes. These characters do not constitute a scientific description, but give, it is hoped, one or tw'o points, sometimes easily seen, which enable one to decide definitely which bird it is. Where there are no very definite markings, it is a difficult matter to say just which bird is being

observed. In fact, scientists, even with the dead bird in hand, cannot always at once sav to what species it belongs. Fortunately, these cases are rare. In most cases, in the field, a ready identification can be made, and frequent observation will enable one to pick out the white eyebrow , the tiny red spot, or the faintly■-streaked chest, &e., which enables the skilled observer to be sure of the identity of our feathered friends. It need hardly be said that a pair of field-glasses is a great aid in the work of observation : and it is to be hoped that the day will come when every school will have a good pair.

In drawing up these notes, valuable aid has been obtained from the various books, &c., which treat of Australian birds. 1 am especially indebted to The Handlist of the Turds of Australasia, by Gregory M. Mathews, F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.IJ., published recently as a supplement to The Etna. The arrangement, classification, and scientific names have been taken directly from that handlist.

The characters have been drawn up, so far as possible, from the birds themselves. Full use has been made of the valuable collection in the National Museum, Melbourne, and my thanks are especially due to the Director, Professor W. Baldwin Spencer, F.H.S., and the Curator, Mr. J. A. Kershawq F.E.S., for assistance and helpful advice. Free advantage has been taken of the information given in the following books :—

Handbook of the Birds of Australia, Gould.

A Iieg to the Birds of Australia, by Robert Hall, F.L.S., C.M.Z.S.

A Dichotomous Keg to the Birds of Australia, by A. G. Campbell.

Nests and Eggs of Australian Birds, by A. J. Campbell, Col. M.B.O.U.

Nests and Eggs of Birds Found Breeding in Australia and Tasmania. by A. J. North.

Birds of Australia, by Broinowski.

British Museum Catalogue.

Wild Life in Australia, by 1). Le Sourf, C.M.Z.S.

Nature Studies in Australia (new edition) by W. Gillies, M.A., and R. Hall, F.L.S., &c.

The Useful Birds of Southern Australia, by Robert Hall,' F.L.S., C.M.Z.S. ;

and many articles by A. IT. Mattingley, C.M.Z.S., and other*, published in The Emu.

Mr. H. W. Wilson. Nature-study Lecturer, Training College, has rendered me much assistance in reading proofs, &e. The bird lovers of Victoria have kindly read the proofs, made many valuable suggestions, and have, also supplied additional details from personal observation. My thanks are due to D. Le Soiffif, C.M.Z.S., President A.O.U.; G. A. Keartland, President Field Naturalists’ Club ; A. J. Campbell, Col. M.B.O.U. ; C. French, F.L.S., &c., Government Entomologist; Donald Macdonald, the well-known Nature writer; C. L. Barrett (“C.L.B.”), the entertaining lecturer on Bird Life; F. Howe, Hon. Sec. Bird Observers’ Club; W. Gillies, M A.; A. G. Campbell ; C. French, jun.; C. C. and T. Brittlebank ; Mrs. A. 1). Hardy; W. Brook Nichols; A. H. Mattingley, C.M.Z.S., C. F. Cole, and other bird observers.

NOTES.

Reference to columns : —

!. Number of species found in Australia.

2.    Number of species found in Victoria.

3.    Names—Vernacular, local, and scientific.

•1. Total length of bird (including bill and tail) in inches.

S. Occurrence South of the Divide    ..

X. Occurrence North of the Divide    ..


c — common ; rc -■ very common ; occ = occasional ; cas — casual; r—-rare ; vr —very rare; u == unlikely that the ordinary observer will see it, because it is so rare or so shy.

5.    Kind of country usually seen in. Timber denotes

the ordinary open timber, and grassy country.

6.    Remarks, m - male ; / — female.

Where names are given in column 3 in brackets, c Hooded (Black and White, Black, Pied) Robin, they should be read as follows :—Hooded Robin, Black and White Robin, Black Robin, Pied Robin. The first is the recognised vernacular name, as accepted by The Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science at the Sydney Congress, 1898.

Japan, Siberia, or Arctic in column 5 denotes that the bird visits one of these countries to breed, following the well-known rule that, where a bird migrate?, it breeds in t lie colder of the two countries it lives in.

Birds recorded from Australasia (Mathews’

Handlist) ..    ..    ..    ..    883    species

Birds recorded from Victoria ..    ..    388    „

Birds recorded from Southern Victoria, but not from Northern Victoria (including 60 sea and shore birds) ..    ..    ..    123    „

Birds recorded from Northern Victoria, but

not from Southern Victoria..... 70    „

Birds recorded from both Southern and Northern Victoria ..    ..    ..    195    „

N.B.—A Tit is about 4" long ; a Red-capped Robin, 5"; a Ground Lark, 6"; a Sordid Wood Swallow, 7"; a Black and White Flycatcher, 8" ; a Shrike Thrush, 9" ; a Noisy Miner, 10" ; a Butcher-bird,11"; a Rosella, 12V ; a Galah, 14"; a Magpie, 15"; a Chough (“Jay ”), 16"; a Crow, 17.5"; and a White Cockatoo, 20".

1.


t to

I

1

4

0

8

8

L;>

2.

3.

CLASS.- AVES. - BIRDS.

4.

S.

N.

Sub-Ciass I. Palæognathæ.

• •

• •

• •

1

ORDER I.—CASUARTI FORM ES.

1. Family Dromæidæ, Emu.

0

Emu, Dromons novœ-hollcindiœ .. ..

78

r.

r.

Plains ,.

2. Family Casuariidae, Cassowary.

Sub-Class II. Neognathæ.

l

ORDER IL—GALLIFORMES.

3. Family Meqapodiidæ, Mk;; \ pod es.

Malice Fowl, Lowan, Native Pheasant,

24

r.

Malice

Pheasant," Lipoa ocdlata

scrub

4

4. Family Phasianidæ, Quail.

Stubble (Pectoral) Quail, Coturnix pectoralis. .

0.7

c.

c.

Stubble

and

grass

land

Brown (Swamp, Partridge) Quail, Synœcns

0.5

0.

c.

Swampy

a u ¿¡trails

Tasmanian (Silver) Quail, S. diemenensis ..

8.5

occ.

G ross ..

Chestnut-bellied Quail, Beast Swamp Quail,

4.5

r.

r.

King Quail, Excalf actor ia lineala

OR 1 )ER HL—TURNICIFORMES,

i

HEM IPO DES.

5

5. Family Türnicidæ, Button (Bustard)

# #

,,

, . , #

Quail.

Red-backed Quail, Black-backcd Quail, Turnix

7

r.

r.

Marshy

maculosa

Painted Quail, T. varia .. .. ..

8

r.

r.

Sandy . .

Red-chested (Chestnut-breasted, “ Yellow ;’)

G

V. r.

Quail, T. pyrrhofhorax Little (Swift-flying) Quail, T. vclox.. ..

5.5

occ.

c.

Open dry

plains,

grass

Plain Wanderer, Collared Plain Wanderer,

5.8,

r.

occ.

Grass ..

Turkey Quail, Pcdionomus torquatus

m.

i

ORD ER IV. —CO LU:\ IBIFORM ES,

PIGEONS AND DOVES.

1

(>. Family Treronidæ, Pigeons.

17

occ.

Ti m her

Topknot Pigeon, Lopholœmus antarcticus ..

0

7. Family Columbidæ, Pigeons.

7

8. Family Peristeridæ, Ground Pigeons

and Doves.

Ground (Peaceful) Dove, Geopdia placida ..

8

r.

r.

Grass,

timber

Little (Turtle) Dovo, G. cunexita .. ..

7

r.

r.

jy • •

Little Green Pigeon, Chalcophaps chrysochlora

9.5

cas.,

Thick

u.

scrub

Bronze-wing Pigeon, Pimps chalcoptera . .

13.5

c.

c.

Open,

forest

Brush Bronze-wing Pigeon, V. elcgans ..

13

c.

• •

Scrubs

Crested Pigeon, Crested Bronze-wing Pigeon,

13

c.

Rivers,

Ocyphaps lophotes .. .. .. ..

timber

Wonga-wonga Pigeon, Leucosarcia picata ..

15

c.

..

Forests,

scrubs

Struthious (Ostrich-like) Birds.

1 Upper upper surface ; under under surfaei*.


l).

Distinguished hy size: small wings; thron toes; runs “ Resembles a greyish domesticated turkey, but is smaller"; beautifully spotted plumage, with dark band decked with white down the breast from neck to tho abdomen. Lavs eggs in a mound Stout birds living in grass. Puzzling to separate Tail very small; mottled and lined ; diilicult to distinguish ; black curved bill; rises with a burr-r-r-r. Male, throat rufous or dull brick-red, black streaks on breast-. F. larger, less distinctly marked with black Thick bill. Distinguished from Stubble Quail by having the under surface finely barred with black Distinguished from Brown Quail by size Smallest quail, l| ozs. Distinguished by size and whito and black bands on throat; slate breast; chestnut abdomen (in.) ; throat whitish, rufous edge; under surface barred black (f.)

Stout birds, living in grass. Have very small tails and yellow legs, and rise with a burr-r-r-r of the wings No hind toe. Chin, throat dirty white. Male, a buff chest. Female, a rufous collar Upper surface rich rufous-brown, irregularly marked with chestnut and black linos. Male, spotted breast. Female, pale shaft streaks on feathers ; no hind too Yellowish-red tint on whole of undersurface; no hind too

Bill very stout. Rufous chest and feathers round eye light reddish-buff; whitish abdomen and upper breast; no hind too

Has hind too. (F.) has a broad white and black spotted band round neck; 0.3"; (m.) no band on nock, general yellowish-brown; hard to flush; head hold up making nock seem long

East of Gippsland Lakes. Eyes rich orange, with pink eyelids. Easily distinguished by large rufous topknot; general colour slaty-grey

Distinguished by a broad band of wavy grey and black lines round neck and upper breast; fawn abdomen ; upper, darker barred. Small slender bird

Distinguished by bright orange patch round t he eye ; grey under ; brown upper i ; many small bright white spots on wings and back

Distinguished by size, rich chestnut plumage, largo metallic green patch on wings, white patch on shoulder, and short tail *

Throat whito; breast vinous; crown white (m.) ; beautiful bronze on wing ; whitish markings on wings.

Breast slaty : throat bright rufous ; crown chestnut (in.), grey (f.) ; no whitish markings on wings; shy

Distinguished by grey head, with black crest, and white tipped tail. Wings whistling noise when flying.

Distinguished by size, and black and whito under sur face, dark back and upper wings

0 SUPPLEMENT TO EDUCATION (

\\ZT

/PTE

AND TEA

i

2.

ORDER V. -RA L LI FORM ES.

4-

S.

N.

5.

0

0. Family R vllidje, Rails and Crakes, Water Hens, etc.

• ♦

Swamps,

lagoons

o

Slate-breasted (Lowin) Rail, flypoteen id ht brachypus

8.5

r.

Swamps

Pectoral Rail, Landrail, //. philippinensix . .

10.5

e.

c.

Grassy

flats

3

Spotted Crake, Porzana fiuminea .. ..

7

r.

r.

Swamps

Little Crake, Litll* Wader Crah‘\ P. palustris

6

e.

c.

,,

Spotless (Leaden, Tabuan) Crake, P. plumb ea

6-3

v. r.

r.

99

2

Block-tailed Native Hen Moor Hen), Microtri-bonyx ventralis

K)*5

occ.

occ.

Lagoons

Black (Sombre) Moor Hen, Vallinula tenebrosa

15

c.

c.

>9

1

Bald Coot, Water Hen, Porphyria mdanonotus

17-5

v.c.

v.c.

99

1

Coot, Fuiica australis .. .. .. OIU)ER VI. PODKTIM-]DIM)TFORMES.

14

c.

0.

79

3

10. Family Podicipedid;e, Grebes.

• •

• •

• •

. . . .

Black-throated (L'ttle) Grebe (Dabchick), Podicipcs novee-hollandue

0-5

c.

c.

Lagoons

Hoary-headed Grebe (Dabchick), “Tom Puddingy’ P. p tlviceph'jlus

0-5

0.

c.

3

Tippet Grebe “ Diver, ” Tjophasthyia cristata ORDER VIL -SPITENISCIFORMES.

11. Family Sphexiscidzb, Penguins.

24

r.

c.

Lagoons and sea

Crested Ponguin, Oatarrhactes chrysocome . .

27

r.

..

Ocean

Little Penguin, Eudyptula minor .. .. Fairy Penguin, E. uiidinfi .. ..

ORDER VUL PROCELLAR11FORMES.

12. FaMIIiY PROCELLARIiD.K, STORM PETRELS, Mother Carey’s Chickens.

18

c.

99

5

14

r.

99

Yellow-webbed Storm Petrel, Oceaniles oceanica

6.8

c. u.

Ocean ..

Grey-backed Storm Petrel, Qarrodia nereis ..

6.7

c. u.

White-faced Storm Petrel, Mother Carey’s Chicken, Pelagodroma marina

8

c. u.

99 • •

Black-bellied Storm Petrel, Fregretta mclano-gaster

f?

/

c. 1?.

99 * •

16

White-l>ellied Storm Petrel, F. graUaria ..

13. Family PuffiniD/E, Petrels and Dove Petrels.

7.4

r. u.

99 • •

Wedge-tailed Petrol, Pufjinus chlororhy nchus

16

r. u.

Ocean ..

Allied Petrel, P. assimilis .. .. ..

11

r. u.

Short-tailed Petrel, Mutton Bird, P. tenvirostris

13

c. 11.

Brown Petrol, Priofirms cinereus .. ..

19

r. u.

Silver-grey Potrol, Priocella glacialoides ..

18

r. u.

Black Petrel. Majaqueus parkinsoni ..

18

r. u.

Groat-winged Petrol, (Estrelata macroptera ..

16.5

r. u.

Brown-headed (S damlor) Petrel, CE. solanderi

18

r. u.

White-winged Petrel, (E. Icucoptcra ..

12

r. u.

• •

99 • •

Giant Petrel, Mucronectes gigantea .. ..

34

r. u.

99 • •

Cape Petrel, Cape Pigeon, Paption capensis ..

16 5

r. u.

• •

99 •» •

Blue Potrol, Ilalobcena ca'.rulea .. ..

11

r. u.

• •

99 -

Broad-billed Dove Potrol, Prion, Prion vittatus

12

r. u.

. .

„ ..

l Tilt's«' nott"» refer mostly to adult m lies. Immature birds

m* usually < 1 iff< description is

■rciit Sonic birds • 1 iftb'iilt and length


[16th December, 1908.

0.

Swamps, All long toes and fairly long legs : have strange ha 1».t of flLking tail up and down Long legs ; long toes ; colours somewhat like quail ; chestnut patch at back of the neck ; inconspicuous dull slate-coloured breast; short turned-up tail Shy, runs ; orange band on chest; finely-barred black and white chest and abdomen ; white line above eye. Green bill, green legs; eye red; dull indefinite colours ; upper, brown spotted with white ; under, dark-grey; abdomen, barred white ; shy Breast grey; shoulder chestnut; long toes; indefinite;

no green on bill or feet; barred abdomen; shv Stump tail; dark-grey, under; upper, brown; head grey ; pink eyes ; no spots ; whitish throat: shy Upper mandible green, lower reddish; reddish legs ; white marks on thigh; upper, sooty brown; lower, slaty-grey. Occasionally appear in thousands Distinguished by size, and sooty chocolate colour. Base of bill blood-red ; turned-up tail Frontal plate and bill red; under surface uniform blue; under tail coverts white ; flicks tail ; runs rapidly Almost uniform sooty to black plumage; lobed toes ; bluish-grey bill; blacklegs; short tail; dues

DIVING BIRDS.

Tail not visible; lobed toes instead of webs; peculiar fine fur-like plumage ; winter plumage different from summer plumage; white breast, extremely glossy No tail; abdomen, under surface whitish; black head ; long narrow neck ; lobed toes ; narrow bill No tail; large hoary head ; whitish hair-like feathers on head in breeding season* ; whitish eyes Flics little; peculiar dark ring of fine long feathers round neck ; a double black crest; pink eyes ; winter plumage no crest

Handsome yellow crest; wings as paddles only Distinguished by wings (paddles) and size Distinguished by wings (paddles) and size

Sooty-black ; under surface rather paler Upper sootv; dark-grey neck; white abdomen Mud Island. White face; white below; black legs and bill ; upper surface dark ; black patch alo it e\e Abdomen sooty-Uack ; flanks, u, ¡ er tail coverts wl ite

Black above, white below

Sooty brown : tail long and wedge-shaped

Upper dark; under whit'; tad roundel

Sooty, head and back darker, bill and legs blackish

Greyish-brown ; bill horn-colourc I

White; back, wings grey, tube nose; no black on wing

Sooty-bla k ; chin and forehead whitish

Sooty-1 l’jwn ; long pointed wings like those of a wilt

Plumage greyish-sooty

Face, under white; head, neck, upper dark; wings • partly white

Bigger than a goose; yellow bill, tube nose, uniform sooty plumage

White below; black and white spotted above; head and neck black

Under white; upper bluish ; centretal feather • while tips

Under white; upper bluish ; very wide bill .8"

1.

• >

1

3.

4.

S.

j

X.

5.

Banks Dove Petrel, Prion /\ banksi . .

i 12

r. u.

. .

< K ean ..

Dove Petrel, 1 ove-like Prion, P. dcsolatus . .

12

(\ u.

.. ..

Fairy Dove Petrel, Fairy Prion, P. oriel . .

12

c. ll.

1

1

14. Family Pelecanoidid.e, Diving Petrel. Diving Petrel, Pelecanoides urinatrix ..

8

r.

Ocean ..

10

7

15. Family Diomedkid.*:, Albatrosses.

%

Wandering Albatross, Diomedea exulans ..

42

r.

Ocean ..

Royal Albatross, J). regia .. . . . .

48

c.

% • . j

Black-browed Albatross, (Molly Hawk), /).

30

r.

melanoplirys

W hite-capped (Shy) Albatross, Tholassogeron

31

,

cautus

Flat-billed Albatross, T. cidminatus ..

30

r.

..

V el low-nosed Albatross, T. eh lo rorhy nxh us ..

36

r.

Sooty Albatross (Quaker), Phabetria fuliginosa

36

r-

• •

ORDER IX.—LARIFORMHS.

21

10

10. Family Farida;, Tern's, Noddies, and

Gulls.

15

8

Marsh Torn, Hydrochelidon hybrida ..

11

occ.

c.

Swamp

Gull-billed Tern, Long-legged Tern, (1elocheli-

15

r.

Seashore

don anglica

Caspian Torn, Hydroprogne caspia .. . .

20

c.

..

Crested Tern, Bass Strait Torn (Village Black-

17

0.

smith), Sterna bergii

White-fronted (Southern) Tern, S. frontalis . .

16.6

0.

Brown-winged (Panayan) Tern, S. ancestheta..

14.5

r.

Sooty Tern, S. fuliginosa .. .. ..

17

r.

White-faced Ternlet (Sea Swallow), S. nereis..

10

c.

9

o

Silver Gull (Seagull), Sea Pigeon, Laras nova-

17.5

c.

r.

Seashore,

hollandice .. •. ..

river

Pacific Gull, “Nellie,” Gdbianus pactficus ..

25

c.

• •

Shore ..

4

2

17. Family Stercorariidje, Skuas.

Skua, Great Skua, Megalestris antarctica ..

23

r.

• •

Ocean ..

Richardson Skua, Stercorarius crepidatus . .

20

r.

• •

ORDER X.—CHARADRIFORMES.

44

32

18. Family Charadrjida;. Plovers.

1

1

Turnstone, Arenarid interpret .. ..

8

r.

. •

Shore . .

o

9

Pied (White-breasted, Black and White)

19.5

c.

* >

Oyster Catcher, Red Bill, Hcematopus longi-rostris

Black (Sooty) Oyster Catcher,Red Bill, ll. full-

18

c.

, ,

y y

ginosus

10

/

Red-kneed Dottrel, “Sandpiper,” Erythrogouys

7.5

, ,

r.

Swamps

cinctus

5

4

Spurwing (Wattled) Plover, Lobivancllus

14

c.

c.

Swamps,

lobatus

plains

Black-breasted Plover, Zonifer tricolor ..

10.5

c.

c.

Plains

Grey Plover, Squat arola Helvetica .. ..

10.5

r.

Shore . .

j

Lesser (Australian) Golden Plover, Charadrius

9

r.

r.

dominions

Double-banded Dottrel, “Sandpiper,*’ Ochtho-

6.5

c.

Shores,

(iromus hi cinctus

.

Siberia

Oriental (Asiatic) Dottrel, (). veredus ..

v. r.

• •

Shores,

Mongolia


( in .. Under white; upper liluish; darker head: hillwide .,    .. Slaty-grey alx>ve, whit i *h below; Whale (Snow) Bird

ruder wliite ; upper blue-grey; bill smaller

Throat, Hanks, and under wing coverts white and back black

White; slaty-black on wings; span 9A feet Breast, head, back white White; slaty black on back; eyebrow black

White head, chest, and abdomen ; back grey darker above

Head, chest, and abdomen while; dark-grey hack;

black wings ; crest of bill yellow , side of bill black White ; wings grey

Sooty ; bill black ; white ring round eye

The terns" have straight hills; the two parts of equal length; claws short ; three toes webbed, one free; w ings long and pointed ; tail forked Swallow-like bird, skims along rapidly; black cap. white face, grey body

Head and back of nock black in summer (white in winter), under surface pure white ; bill black .Beautiful silvery plumage, crown of head black, bill

scarlet

Yellow bill; black head with long black feathers on upper nock ; under j uro white ; upj or. w ings grey Forehead I w hite, crown black in breeding season Pure white under ; back, rump umber brown Pure white below, pure black above; forehead white Hoad black : light-grey above, white below White; back silvery-grey ; wings grey; tip of wings black and white; legs, bill red W hite ; back black, wings black, tail white with black bar, bill orange; immature birds uniform brownish

Fierce powerful sea-pirates ; claws strong ; bill hooked Rich dark-brown ; bill, legs, and feet bluish-black ; centre tail feathers project ,J inch Dusky coloured ;rdark chest and speckled under parts ; centre pair of tail feathers project 3 inches. Migrates from the north

All have long legs, and frequent water, shore, swamp, or stream

Throat and abdomen w hite ; chest and rump black ; bill short, straight, and black ; legs and feet orange Bill 3.75". Black; abdomon, rump, upper and under tail coverts pure white ; red eves, bill, and legs

Whole sooty black, bill orange-yellow ; red eyes

Distinguished by pink-red thigh, knee, and upper shank; pure white throat and upper breast; head, back of neck, and band across breast arc black Large yellow wattle on face ; white throat, breast, and abdomen ; head, hind neck, black ; brow n upper distinguished by size ; black breast and head, and pure, white throat and abdomen; brown above; red watt hi No spur : no wattle ; crown, upper, wings light olive mottled with white; face, under white, with brown 8 tripos

Vo wattle on face, uniformly mottled black, brown and white; indistinct plumage

Distinguished by black band on breast and chestnut band on abdomen across an otherwise pure white under-surface; upper, greyish-brown

plumage while in Victoria 1 Fronted w ith the scientist refers to forehead only,


head


wings


2.

3.

Red-capped Dottrel, .E jUditis ruftcapilLa . .

Black-fronted Dottrel, /E. )ndaiu>\& ..

Hooded Dottrel, M. cucuUala .. ..

Dottrel, Australian Dottrel, Peltohyas aiustrali*

Q

W

White-headed (Pied) Stilt, 11 imantopus Ituco-r phalus

Banded Stilt, Gladorhynehus l> ncoccphahis ..

1

1

Red-necked A vocet , A voce t, “ Painted Lady,” liecurvirostra novce-hollandim Curlew, Sea Curlew, Numenius cyanopus

2

Whim bid, N. varieyatus .. .. ..

2

Little Whim bid, M asoscolopax minutus .. Barred-rumpod God wit, Lirnosa novee-zea-landice

Black-tailed God wit, L. lirnosa

3

Common Sandpiper, Tringoidss hypoleucus . .

1

Greenshank, Glottis nebularius .. ..

1

Sanderling, Calidris arenaria .. ..

3

Little Stint (Least Sandpiper), Pisobia ruficollis

2

Sharp-tailed Stint, “Dunlin” Flock Snipe, “Jack Snipe,” (error), Marsh Tringa, 11 etc ro pyg in a ur ita

Curlew Stint, Curlew-Sandpiper Ancylochtlus subarquatus

Knot, Tringa canutus .. .. ..

Great Sandpiper, T. crassirostris .. ..

Q

Snipe, Australian Snipe, “Jack Snipe” “ Longbills,” Qallinago australis

4

Painted Sui e, Rostratula australis .. ..

0

19. Family Parrid.k, Parra.

> 0

20. Family Glareolidje, Pratincoles.

) 1

21. Family (Edicnemid.k. “Thick Knees.” Stone Plover, Southern Stone Plover, Wil-laroo, ,c Curlew ” (error), Rurhinns yra/larius

1

22. Family Otidid.*:. Bustard. Bustard. Wild 'Turkey, Ewpodotis australis , .

ORDER XI. -GRUIFORMES.

l 1

23. Family Cruid.k. Crane.

Native Companion, Antigone nustrrdasiana ..

o

G

8.3

7.8

14.5

13.5

20.5

48

42 v. r


;


S.


c.


c.


c.


I


X


Shores,

swamps

Swamps,

river

I margins


6.


15.5

21

rn.

15

13

15


15

/

13

7

5.5

8

7.4

9

10.5

9.5

9.5


c.

r.


r.

r.


r.-

r.


v. r u.


C


c


v. c.


c.


v. r.


v. r u


1


c.


r.


r.


Shore-


*s


Swamps,

plains


Shore.

Siberia


Shore, Obi R.

Shore,

Siberia

Shore,

. lakes Estuaries

Shore

Arctic

Shore,

Arctic

Marshy,

Arctic


Swamps,

Japan,

Swamps


P.a:i>, open fores I


Plains


Rusty-brown or reddish cap; brown band on crown : white forehead : all under-surface pure white Black forehead and face connected by a black line with broad black band on upper chest; pure white undersurf ice ; brown and white upper surface ; bill, orange fined black; legs flesh colour; active, elegant bird Black head and throat; pure white back of neck and under surface ; light brownish-grey back ; scarlet ring round eve

Black band on head ; narrow black collar continued down abdomen ; whitish face and throat; general colour mottled sandy-buff Very long red legs ; pure white part of hind neck black ; eyes webbed

Pure white ; broad rich chestnut band on lower breast continued down centre of abdomen ; wings black ; l ill very long, straight, and slender ; toes webbed ; legs long red and slender

O    O    -

Bill very long and slender, strongly curved upwards ; toes webbed ; head and neck rich chestnut Distinguished by strongly arched bill 7"; mottled -brown bird; female 24 long ; very rapid flier Distinguished by arched bill 3" ; a smaller edition of the curlew

Distinguished by down curved bill 1.7"; mottled Upper surface mottled and barred grey and white ; abdomen white ; bill long and slightly curved up ; tail barred brown and white

Like a snipe, but head and neck uniform brownish-grey; abdomen white ; tail black, with white tip and base Drab or brownish, with darker bars ; under-surface white ; legs yellowish-green ; tail constantly moving Distinguished by long green legs ; bill long, narrow, and blackish ; pure white under-surface, rump and tail No hind too ; bill and legs blackish ; white band across wing ; broad frontal band ; under-surface of body and side of head pure white : like a snipe Very faint chestnut band on lower chest, and sides ; whitish neck and abdomen ; mottled above ; white feather at side of tail ; narrow bill 0.7" long Mottled plumage ; upper darker ; eye large and black ; rufous on head; bill long, narrow, and black, 1.1"

Bill blackish, narrow, and long, 1.5", slightly docurvod : mottled ; indefinite brownish plumage ; whit ish below Black ; under parts all white except dusky streaks on breast; upper tail coverts white barred ; black bill, 1.5"; like a snipe

Under tail coverts white ; under parts all white, with few dusky streaks on breast; Dill 1.6-1.8"; like a snipe

Richly mottled plumage; white abdomen narrow straight bill, 2.7"; legs brown; wing barred black and white Beautiful mottled and dotted i lumage; cure abdomen ; like “ Giant Butterfly ” ; bill 1.7". not migrate    ’


; wings, back, and red ; feet scarcely


long

under


white

Does


Legs very long; mottled plumage, under surface lighter and flecked black; bill comparatively short, 1.9"; generally erroneously called “ Curlew,” from its mournful call


Nearest relative lives in India; dappled plumage, brown above ; yellowish legs and bill; long light grey plumes on the neck; black patch on chest; abdomen white


Plains .. Uniform grey ; reddish face and back of head


1.

1

->

I

3.

\ i.

! a

N.

1

o,

ORDElt XIX.—AK OKI FORM KS.

3

3

24. Family I bid id.*:. Ibises.

..

White Ibis, Ibis molucca .. .. ..

| 28

c.

c.

Sw am ms

Straw-necked Ibis. Car phi bis spin ¡codis ..

•2S

c.

c.

Plains.

swamps

Glossy Ibis, Plegadis fnlcindlus .. ..

21

• •

c.

2

2

25. Family Platalkid.-e. Spoonbills.

Black-billed Royal) Spoonbill, Platalcu regia

2:1

r.

r.

Yellow-billed Spoonbill, Plat-ibis flavipcs . .

28

r.

r.

* *

1

0

20. Family Ciconiid.e, Stork (Jabiru).

10

9

27. Family Ardeid.e, Herons, Egrets, and

Bitterns.

5

2

Plumed Egret, Mcsopkoyx plumijcra .. White Egret, Herod its tinioriensis .. ..

25

r.

c.

River-, swamj) -

30

r.

r.

(i

4

White-fronted Heron, “ Blue Crane,” “C rane/’

24

v. c.

v. c.

About

Xotophoyx novte-holla n d ia>

White-necked (Pacific: Heron, Wiiitc-neckcd

30

r.

r.

water

Crane, N. pacifica

Lesser (Little Spotless) Egret, (iarzetta n¡gripes

22

v. r.

v. r.

Reef Heron, Demiegretta sacra .. ..

23

r.

• •

Shore ..

Night Heron, ‘‘Nankeen Crane,” X yeti corax

19

c.

. c.

Rivers,

cdc.donicm

forests

5

2

Minute Bittern (Little Bittern), Ardetta pus ilia

10

r.

r.

99

Bittern, Boomer Botaurus pcecUoptilus ..

24

c.

c.

99

ORDER XIII.— ANSERIFORMES.

21

10

28. Family Anatidje, Swans, Geese, Ducks,

ETC.

1

1

Black Swan, Chenopsis (drain .. ..

40

c.

c.

Lakes,

Pied (Magpie) Goose, Anscranas semi palm da

sea

1

1

32

v.r.

r.

Swamps

1

1

Capo Barren Goose, < 'creopsis novw-liollandia*

33

r.

Swamp,

sea

1

1

Wood Duck, Maned Goose, Chenonetta jubatu

20

c.

c.

Swamps,

rivers

2

2

Whistling Duck ('.Free Duck), Duidrocygna

17

r.

r.

Lagoons

arcuata

Plumed Whistling Duck, Eyt m Tree Duck,

10

r.

r.

Plains,

JJ. cyton i

lagoons

2

1

Shieldrake (Mountain Duck), Oasarca iador-noides

•27

r.

c.

Swamps,

often

sal t

1

i

Black Duck, Anas saperciliosa .. ..

24

c.

c.

Water ..

3

0

Teal, Chestnut-breasted (Mountain, Black,

18.5.

c.

c.

Swamps .

Australian) Teal, Nettium cast fine, uni

m.

Grey Teal, N. gibberijrons .. .. I

TO

c.

..

1

2

1

Shoveller, Bluewing, Spatula rhynchotis ..

21.5

r.

r.

„ ! ]

1

i

Pink-eared Duck, Widgeon, Zebra Due’:. Mai

17

v. r.

v. r.

acorhynchus membranaceu s

” 1

1

1

Freckled Duck, “Monkey Duck/ Stictonetta

17

v. r.

v. r.

\

naivosa

1

1

White-eyed Duck (Hardhead, Browmhead),

20 1

c.

c.

Lagoons 1

Ay thy a australis

i


crowm of head and neck rufous-brown ; fail rump black; metallic green patch on wing;


(j.

Easily recognised by long downcurvod bill

White ; black head and long downeurved bill

Neck white spotted with brown and with straw-

Brown, with few white spots on'throat ; green on w ings; much smaller than other two ibises: deourvod bill

White ; yellow spoon bill and legs Bills straight and sharp-pointed

Pure white, except small indistinct black patch behind eye ; yellow eye : slender neck Pure white : bills and eyes yellowish : legs black Forehead, eyebrow, and throat whitish : almost uniform bluish-grey above; tinged brownish below Head and nook white ; back and wings dark ; white patches on edge of wings

Pure white ; feet and toes totally black ; bill dark (¡enorally dark slate colour : head crested : pure white streak down centre of throat. This bird is often pure white ; greenish bill and legs

Black cap ; chestnut back ; creamy white below ; all mottled in young

Bill, feet, and space round eye yellow; crown and back black ; neck and sides of face chestnut; abdomen lighter

Beautiful mottled plumage of bull* an -1 dark-brow n : yellow eyes; brown stripes on light breast ; pointed yellow bill

Have three toes webbed and hind toe free. The upper beak Rattened and with nail-like tip Dusky plumage; white quills in wing; red eyes and bill

Feet half-wobbed ; head, nock, mantle, w ings.’and tail black ; back, rump, breast, and abdomen white ; smaller than common goose Uniform fawn or brownish slate plumage, with darker

spots on the wing ; cere, lemon, yellow ; about size of common goose

Breast grey, spotted black (m.), spotted w hite (f.);

and

.    . bill

olive-brown, high, and goose-like Black bill; blackish crown; whitish throat; rich chestnut on abdomen and shoulder Whitish throat, up ereivy; lower breast and Hanks chestnut with distinct black bars ; long black and white plumes on side of abdomen ; flesh-coloured foot Head, neck black; narrow white collar ; broad chestnut collar on chest and hack : black back, rump, tail ; wings coverts white ; metallic green patch on wing line above and light patch below it; plumage mottled; bill black, with parallel sides ; wing metallic groon patch

Head and neck metallic green (m.) ; breast chestnut ; weight 1 II). 9 ozs; w hite patch on w ing. Female, finely-mottled head, neck, body ; 1 lb. S ozs. ; Hi" long /cry difficult to distinguish from female chestnutbreasted to il. Grey teal 1 11>. 2 ozs (m.), I lb. 1 oz. (f.)

distinctly barred dark-brown and white below Uniformly freckled with small whitish spots ; abdomen lighter; shovel bill

Homage almost uniformly dark abovo ; whitish on abdomen, under tail coverts, and edge of wings ; tail feathers not stiff; black head, neck; white eye

1.

2.

3.

4.

s.

N.

1

5.

6.

1

1

Blue-billed Duck, Er inmutara australis ..

10

v. r.

v. r.

Lagoons

M Conspicuous light-blue bill; black head and n ck ;

deep chestnut breast. Female, uniform freckled grey, with green bill: diving duck : feeble flight

1

l

Mu k Üiií-k, Hiziura lobula .. ..

20,

c.

Bays,

Mings very small: pouch under bill ; very long, stilt*

m.

lagoons

tail feathers; dark grey, much mottled darker: (f.)23

ORDFR XIV. PRLKANIF()KMFS. *

5

20. Family PifAlacrooor acidar, Cuu-

MORAXT3, OR SfiAUS.

Black Cormorant, Black Shag, Piada croctrax

35

c.

r.

Mater,

Upper under surface black ; long slender neck : bill

carb>

sea

hooked : black throat, with sides whitish

Little Black (’ormorant, P. sulcirostris ..

25

c.

c.

Lagoons

Black ; round eve blackish

White-breasted Cormorant, Black and White

30

c.

. .

Coast ..

Under surface pure and glistening white ; upper black

Sha;", P. (joiddi

eye space blackish ; bill 2 "

Pied Cormorant, P. hypoliucus .. . .

30

v.c.

c.

(toast,

Like white-breasted cormorant, but eye space yellow ;

lagoons

bill 2.7 " : may be same as the white-bTasted

1

1

Little Cormorant, P. mclanoltucus .. . . 30. Famh.v Flotidae, Darters.

23

e.

c.

yy

WMiite below; chestnut upper chest ; white side of head : crown, back of neck, and upper, shining black

Darter (Snake Bird), Vlotus noeai-hollaudite. .

31

r.

r.

Lagoons

Narrow, sharp, straight bill; glossy-black plumage :

upper wing spotted and streaked ; neck very long and slender. ‘k The head and neck of a snake on the body of a bird.” Often swims with onl / the head o .t of

4

l

31. Family 8ui.ro.«, Gannkts.

water

(Ian net, Australian Cannot, Solan Coos;-.

32

c.

. .

Sea ..

Body about size of a goose, but legs short; white head

“ 1» )oby,” Sula serrator

and neck; yellowish-buff ¡a eh cn crown an 1 up pe.* neck ; black patch on wing ; bill pointed. Common in Port Phillip Bay; often seen diving into the sea

2

1

32.    Family Freüatioae, Frio at b Birds. Frigate Bird, .Man-of-War Hawk, F regata

a (juila

33.    Family Phakthontidae, Tropic Biros.

40

occ.

• •

Ocean ..

White crown, chest, abdomen; under tail coverts black; upper surface greenish-black; long hooked bill; very short legs ; very long forked tail ; long wings ; one was shot in Port Phillip Bay

3

0

1

1

34. Family Peleoanidae, Pci.inxs.

Pelican (Three-decker), Pelccanvs con spied-

00

c.

c.

Water,

Bill 18" long, with large pouch ; white ; tail quills and

la tus

sea

wing coverts brownish-black

OKI) F. 11 X V. ACC I PIT KT FOK .M FS.

DIURNAL BIRDS OF PREY. HAWKS, ETC.

20

22

35. Family Falcónidas, Harriers, Cos-

Femaleoften larger than the male. Often difficult to

HAWKS, ETC., ETC.

distinguish the cli '.erent kinds

2

2

Spotted (Jardino) Harrier, Circus ass i mil is ..

22

occ.

occ.

Timber,

Grey above, brownish below, with many round

Harrier, Gould (Allied) Harrier, (Swamp

swamps

white spots ; white and grey barred tail ; legs long

20

o.

c.

Swamps

Nests on the ground ; legs long and yellow; under

Hawk), (J. go nidi

surface chestnut; upper, rich dark-brown ; no bars on tail : yellow skin (cere) at base of beak

5

3

Groy Goshawk, A slur claras [cinéreas) ..

16.5

v. r.

r.

Timber

Upper ashy-grey ; breast white ; tail ashy-grey

White Goshawk, .4. novos-hollandim ..

16

c.

c.

y y

Pure white (in adult) ; eyes yellow ; legs, feet yellow

Goshawk, Australian Goshawk, Chicken

20

c.

c.

yy

Nearly black upper surface ; head blackish ; under

Hawk, A. fasciatus .. .. ..

f.

surface finely barred brown and white ; tail barred brown and white below ; tail 8.5" ; male 15"

1

1

Sparrow Hawk, Collared Sparrow Hawk,

12

r

r.

yy

Bold, dashing ; head brownish ; upper surface sooty-

Ft ip it >ir c irrhocepha lu s

m.

brown ; under surface brown with very fine white bars ; tail 7.5" ; like a small Goshawk. Female, 14"

0

4

Wedgo-tailed Fagle, Fagle, Faglehawk,

38

c.

c.

yy

Golden Fagle 32' : general <’a -k plumage, with rufous

UrociHus awl ax

upper neck ; tail black and wedge-shaped

Little Eaglo, Eutolma>:tus morphno-ides ..

21.5

• •

r.

**

Feathered legs ; head and back blackish ; rufous beneath : shaft of each breast feather with a blackish streak ; tail square ; feet and bill lead colour

White-bellied Sea F igle, //aliarlas lencojaster

30

v. r.

. .

Near

Head, nock, and under white; wings dark-grey ;

coast

base of tail blackish-brown, ah >yo tip white

Whistling Fagle, ! ltd instar sphenurus ..

24

c.

c.

Timber

Under surface sandy with dark shafts to feathers ;

.

and

upper surface mottled brown and white ; tail uniform

swamps*'

ashy-grey; head and neck sandy with brownish streaks ; tail rounded

•1

4

Kite, AM ed Kite, MUvas affinis .. ..

20

occ.

occ.

Timber

Tail slightly forked ; blackish above, rufous below ; head and und'r brownish feathers with fine central black stripe ; tail barred brown and white beneath

Square tailed Kite, Laph tictiuia ¡sura ..

It)

r.

r.

Timber,

Tail square when expanded ; plumage blackish-brown

plains

above, reddish-orange below; crown of head, round

eye, and upper throat whitish; rump whitish; feathers on upper neck conspicuously brown and

black

t


1.

2.

3.

4.

S.

X.

5.

1

1

Black-breasted Buzzard. (lypoiclinia mclanos-

23

occ.

Timber,

ternum

plains

Black-shouldered Kite, Elanus (uillari.v ..

12.5

• r.

r.

Timber

jjet-ter-winged Kite, “ Whii.e-bivaste 1 Sparrow

12.5

v.r.

Hawk," E. script us

4

4

Black-cheeke 1 Falcon, Video tnelanogenys . .

15

c.

c.

Rocky

regions

and

coast

Grey Falcon, F. hypolcucns .. ..

12

• •

v. r.

Timber

Black Falcon, F. subniger .. ..

17

v. r.

Little (White-fronted) Falcon, “ Duck Hawk, ’*

11.5

e.

c.

F. lunulatus

m.

o

mJ

o

Striped Brown Hawk, Western Brown Hawk,

17

c.

11 ieracidca berigora

Brown Hawk, 11. oricntalis .. ..

17

c.

c.

»

1

1

Kestrel, Nankeen Kestrel, “ Sparrow-hawk "

11.5

c.

c.

Plain

(error), Cerchneis cenchroides

and

timber

1

1

30. Family Pandtonidæ, Osprey?.

White-headed Osprey, Fish Hawk, Pond ion

23

r.

# #

Coast ..

leucoccphalus

ORDER XVI.—STRIGIFORMES, OWLS.

11

4

37. Family BVuonidæ, Owls Proper. Boobook Owl, Ninox hoobool: Calls “ Mopokc”

10

c.

0.

Ti mber

Spotted Owl, N. macvlata .. ..

13

c.

Winking Owl, Western Winking Owl, N.

16

r.

r.

yy

connivens

Powerful Owl, Eagle Owl, N. stremia ..

24

r.

r.

Forest

5

5

38. Family Strigidæ, Barn Owls.

Lesser Masked (Delicate Screech) Owl, Strix

14

c.

c.

Ti mber

délicat via

Masked Owl, S. novœ-hollandiœ .. ..

14

r.

r.

Forests,

Rooky

Chestnut-faced Owl, S. castanops .. ..

14.5

v. r;

v. r.

rI imber

gorges

Sooty Owl, S. tenebricosa .. .. ..

15

• •

c.

Timber

Grass Owl, S. Candida - .. .. ..

15

v. r.

v. r.

Tussocks,

occ.

occ.

long

grass

ORDER XVIL PSITTACIFORMES.

2

0

30. Family Nestokidæ, Extinct Parrots.

<)

4

40. Family Loriidæ, Brush-tongued Lorikeets (Parrots)

Blue-bellied (Swainson) Lorikeet,Blue Mountain

14

c.

c.

Timber

Parrot, Trichoglossus novœ-hollandiœ Musk Lorikeet (“ Green Keet *’), Green Leek,

8.5

c.

c.

Euca-

(error), Qlossopsittacus concinnus

lypts

Purple-crowned Lorikeet, 0. porphyrocephalus

0.5

v. r.

v. r.

yy

occ.

occ.

Little Lorikeet, “.Terry Gang,’' G. pusillus ..

5.5

v. c.

v. c.

yy


6.

Head black ; breast black : large square patch of white on under wing ; general colour brown : tail short Distinguished by pure white under surface with black shoulder; a small black patch on under wing; gre\ upper and ends of wings

Under surface pure white except broad black bar on under wing. This black bar gives the appearance of a letter V on each wing, or \Y altogether Crown, cheeks, and sides of head deep black ; throat creamy ; upper breast cream with black stripes ; rest of under surface closely barred with tine black bars (m.); female has black arrow-head markings, instead of bars, below*

Plumage uniform bluish-white below, grey above ; fine black shafts in the feathers ; stout yellow legs Almost uniform sooty-brown, lighter at throat Bold; dark above; under reddish-brown; whitish throat, hence name; tail barred ; has a partial light collar. Female, 13..*»" long

Upper surface brown ; under surface creamy with a fine dark shaft stripe ; throat white ; tail barred Commonest of hawk family; upper surface brown; under surface buff to blackish-brown : tail barred ; distinguished by darker under surface Rufous abovo ; tail rufous above, barred black, tipped white ; throat white ; breast and abdomen rufous with fine black stripes; under surface of tail white with black band and a white tip

Head and breast white, mottled with brown ; abdomen pure whito

NOCTURNAL BIRDS OF PREY.

No facial disc ; eyes di roe ted to the front No facial disc ; under surface rufous, much blotched with white; a rusty-coloured bird ; back not spotted Smallest owl; general colour rufous and brown, spotted with white ; back spotted No facial disc; recognised by size; plumage dark brown ; no spots on head or hock ; spotted wing Mottled brown and white ; distinguished by size ; no disc

Have a facial disc ; eyes directed to tho front White facial disc; white under surface, with few tiny spots

Brown round eye in facial disc ; whito chest and abdomen with few small brown spots Deep chestnut facial disc ; black circle ; rufous brown spotted under

Under surface buff or sooty spotted ; facial disc grey, darker round to eve ; a spot of white near the tip of each feather

Long legs ; white edgo to disc ; like the Delicate Owl but lias longer legs; tho back is spotted, and the under surface is slightly rufous

COCKATOOS AND PARROTS.

Have brush tongues, powerful swift flight, deafening screecli

Head, throat, and belly blue; chest red, tinged with yellow ; back green ; brush tongue

Green, with broad red forehead and large bright-red ear tufts ; bill black

lloncy-eatcrs; distinguished by size; general plumage green ; forehead red and yellow; ear tufts fainter red and yellow ; top of head purple ; under winy-red ; bill black

Visitors in flocks with “Green Keels ” ; green ; throat red, forehead red ; cheeks red ; top of head given

0

29

3

i

3

I

I

3

3

3

3.

U. Family Cyclopsittacidji.

4.

*

N.

5.

42. Family Cacatuid.e. Cockatoos and

§ #

• • • •

Parbakkkts.

Black Cockatoo, Funereal Black Cockatoo,

26

c.

r.

Timber

Calyptorhynch u < jit run as

Bankshm Cockatoo, Banksian Black

24

r.

r.

99

Cockatoo, <\ haul:.hi

Glossy Cockatoo, Leach Rlack Cockatoo, C. viridis *

19.5

• •

r.

97

Gang-gang Gocknloo, Hallo*'»phahnn galcatnin

13.5

c.

oce.

• *

Forest . .

White (Sulphur-crested) Cockatoo, (Jacatua gnlerita

20

v. c.

v. c.

Timber

Link (Uiadbcater) Cockatoo’. Major Mitchell,

16

, ,

r.

Gums

We» juggler, 0. Itadbeatcri

and box flats

Rose-breasted Cockatoo, Galah Willie-willock, Willock, C. rodeicapilla

14

r.

v.c.

Timber

Plains

Long-billed Cockatoo. Cor'd la, Lionel is nasica

17

v.r.

v.r.

Big euca-lypts, plains

Cockatoo Parrakcet, Cockatoo-I'arrot, Coeka-tid, ** Quarrion, ” Calopsittacus novae-

12

r.

c.

Open

timber

holla lull re

Green-Leek (Barraband) Parrakcet, Polytdis

16

, ,

r.

Timber

barrabandi

Black-tailed Parrakcet, Rock Pebblcr, Rook

16

r.

Box flats

Pebble, Smoker, P. mdanura

King Lory (“Lowry”), King Parrot,

16

c.

Forest . .

.1 prosmirfu* cyamjyygius

Crimson Parrakcet, Crimson Lory, Pennant

13.5

c.

Parrakcet, Red Lory, Plalycercus elegans

Yellow Parrakcet, Murray Smoker ” (error). Swamp Lory, Yellow-rtimped Parrakcet, P. flaveolus

13.5

• •

r.

Open

timber

Kosella, Rosehill Parrakeet, Kosehill Rroad-

12.5

v.c.

v.c.

tail, P. eximius .. .. .. ..

Malice Parrakeet, Ringne.k, Scrub Parrot, Collared Parrakeet, Barnard Parrakcet, Bulla Pulla, Jlarnardius bar mini i

13

• •

v.c.

Mai lee and timber

Yellow-vented Parrakcet, Blue Bonnet. “ Billion k,” PsephoUis zanthorrhous

12.o

■ •

c.

Murray

Plains

Many-coloured Parrakeet. P. multicolor . .

12

c.

Timber

Red-backed Parrakeet, Grass Parrot. P. ¡uvmalonotvs

11

• •

v.c.

Open

timber

Bom ke Grass Parrakeet, Xcopknna bourkei ..

8.o

• •

v.r.

Pla n;

Blue winged Grass Parrakeet. Blue-banded

9

c.

11. • •

Open

Grass Parrakeet, X. vniusta

timber

Grass Parrakeet, Klcgant Grass Parrakeet. N. dry a ns

9

c.

c.

G rasa and scrub

(>r:i''gr-hellied Grass Purra-keet, X. chryeogaster

8.5

c.

• •

Grass

and

scrub


o.

Our Australian parrots are called parrakeet s or lorikeets by ornithologists

Distinguished by size ; blackish plumage : yellow ear patches and yellow in tail ; b to 8 at a time Distinguished by two large red patches in tail; no coloured ear patches in adult ; 4 to 0 at a time

Distinguished by size and two large red patches in tail ; glossy greenish black back : head and neck sooty in adult ; 4 to b at a time

Male- Red crest : red face and head ; dark-grey bird, with whitish edge to feathers. Female—Crest grey, and slightly smaller ; flocks, or pairs; creaking note Generally large Hocks; pure white, with sulphur-coloured crest

Distinguished by white back, upper wings, and tail : pink under surface : vari ’gated red, yellow, and white crest ; in pairs

Large flocks ; under surface beautiful deep rose colour upper surface grey : head pale pink ; no separate crest feathers ; feed on ground

Distinguished by long whitish till, 1|' long, and naked patch of bright blue skin around eye ; plumage white, except reddish on upper chest and face ; no crest ; feeds on ground; have probably been driven back from Victoria

Migratory ; forehead and cheeks lemon-yellow ; beautiful grey crest; ear coverts reddish-orange ; plumage grey ; white patch on wings and chest Male—Bright yellow forehead, crown, throat, and upper chest; bright red band on chest next to yellow ; rest of plumage green ; red bill ; two of tail feathers longer. Female—Green; bluish on wing, and faintly tinted on breast; thighs red Bill red ; tail black ; all lower part of wing black ;

head and back olive-green ; under surface all light olive-green ; (f.) duller green

Male—Scarlet head, neck, and chest. Female—Green head, neck, and chest; back green ; abdomen scarlet

Head, chest, and abdomen crimson ; back crimson, with some of the feathers edged with black ; checks, wings, and tail blue

Looks somewhat like a Kosella, but larger ; cheeks blue; forehead red; under parts pale-yellow ; middle tail feathers dull-blue

White cheek patches ; head, hind neck, throat, and chest red ; feathers of back black edged with yellowish-green

Distinguished by yellow ring round neck ; red forehead ; bill horn-coloured;    mostly green, but

iridescent

Face deep-blue ; crimson patch down abdomen ; rest of under surface yelldW ; olive-brown above Distinguished by bright yellow patch on shoulder (in.); dull-red patch on shoulder (f.); outer tail feather light-blue ; rump mostly green ; forehead yellow ; breast and back green

Flocks ; distinguished by lower back brick-red ; yellow abdomen ; green breast and head ; (f.) colours dull

Distinguished by size; lovely delicate-grey, blue, and pinkish plumage; all upper surface olive-brown or grey Forehead deep-blue ; very large patch on shoulder, wing coverts deep-blue ; crown of bead, neck, back and breast, green ; abdomen light-yellow ; outer tail feathers light-blue ; migratory Similar to the Blue-banded Grass Parrakcet, but that it has a fainter blue forehead, much loss blue on the shoulder and wing, and is of a lighter green colour almost a yellowish-green

Similar to Blue-banded and Elegant Grass Parrakoets, but that blue parts are much fainter, and centre of abdomen is bright orange, and under tail is yel'ow

1.

1

3.

4.

s. I

Bed-shouldered Grass Parrakeet, A. pulcheUa

8

r.

Orange-throated (Scarlet-chested) Grass Par

8

* i

rakeet, Splendid Grass Parrakeet. A. splendida

1

1

Swift Lorikeet, Swift-flying Lorikeet, Euphemu

0.5

<-•

discolor

1

1

Warbling Grass Parrakeet, “ Shell Parrot,'

7.5

ore.

“ Zebra Parrot." “ Love Bird," " Betcherry-gah,” “ Budgerigar," Flight Bird, Melop-sittacus undvdatus

13

1

1

Ground (Swamp) Parrakeet, Pezoporus ter resins

v.r.

1

1

Night Parrakeet, Gcopsitiacus occidental is . .

10

ORDER XVIIL— CORACIIFORMES.

G

o

t-j

43. Family Podargidje, Mopoke and Owlet

Nightjar.

18

Tawny (Tawny-shouldered) Frogmouth,

c.

“ Mopoke” (error) Podargus strigoidcs

Owlet Nightjar, Little Nightjar, Mgothdcs

8.5

c.

novce-hoUandi cc

1

1

44. -Family Coeacid.®, Rollers.

10.5

Dollar Bird, Roller, Star Bird, Eurystomus

occ.

pacificus

r.

14

4

45. Family Alcedinidje, Kingfishers. Blue (Azure) Kingfisher, Alcyone azurea . •

8

c.

Brown (Giant) Kingfisher, Laughing Jackass,

17

c.

Kookaburra, Dacelo gigcis Red-backed Kingfisher, Halcyon pyrrliopyynis

8

Sacred Kingfisher, 11. sanctus .. • •

8

c.

1

1

46. Family Meropidje, Bee-eater.

10

Bee-eater, Rainbow Bird, “Sandpiper” (error).

occ.

Mcrops ornatus

r.

3

2

47. Family Caprimulgid®, Nightjars,

Goatsuckers.

13

White-throated Nightjar, Fern Owl, Euro-

r.

stopus albigularis

Spotted Nightjar, E. argus .. . •

12

r.

4

2

48. Family Cvpselid.e, Swifts.

7.5

Spine-tailed Swift, Chcdura caudacvlu ..

c.

White-rumped Swift, Australian Swift, Gyp-

7

c.

sdus pacificus

ORDER XIX.—COCCYGES.

14

8

40. Family Cuculid;e, Cuckoos.

Pallid (Unadorned) Cuckoo, Cuculus inornaius

12

c.

N.

v. r.

c.

c.

v.r.

v.r.

e.

occ.

r.

c.

c.

c.

c.

c.


u.


c.


r.


r.


c.


o.


Timber

Scrubby Ti inbor

Euea-

lypts

! P a ns

(b as.s


G|ttV,

scrub


G;av,

scrub


'Timber


Timber


Water

Timber

Myall,

Box

scrubs

Timber


Sandy

ridges,

timber


Heavy

timber


Timber,

ridges


Vpper

air

Japan


0.

Distinguished by red and blue on wing; forehead, checks, and shoulder electric blue (m) ; bright patch of chestnut-rod on wings ami under surface rich yellow (f.) ; like the l>lue-banded. but blue cheeks Head, cheeks, and neck beautiful deep indigo-blue ; shoulder blue; breast scarlet ; abdomen bright yellow ; female breast green : bright-yellow in tail Nomadic; honey eaters: forehead, chin, throat, tip of shoulder, and under tail coverts deep-red ; under wing scarlet ; crown of head and rest of shoulder blue ; general colour green

Head, cheeks, and throat yellow ; chest, abdomen, and rump green ; hack and shoulder finely barred with black ; several blue or black spots on yellow of throat ; flocks

Green, uniformly spotted black and yellow ; small orange-red band on forehead ; head and hack of neck green, streaked with black ; tail long ; never j ereh Like Ground Parrakeet. but no red forehead, and tail is short ; under tail coverts yellow ; never \ ereh

Marbled soft plumage : very large mouth ; tawny in colour. It is not the bird that calls “ Mopoke," which is the call of the Boobook Owl

Colour blackish-grey; very short wide Dill ; bristles round base of bill; faintly banded tail; owl-like; nocturnal; lives on mosquitoes, moths, &e.

Wide rod bill; feet red ; light-blue patch on wing ; blue throat; a pugnacious bird ; cuts antics in flying ; appears brownish from below ; see the dollar on each wing. Migratory

Upper, azure; under, rufous; faint whitish collar

Well known : distinguished by laugh and size; lack, wings, tail dusky ; dark-brown head ; rest buff

Distinguished by back and jump reddish-brown or ( chestnut; dull bluish-green plumage ; under surface white ; white collar; bluish wings and tail

Greenish-blue head, blue upper surface ; white collar ; buff under surface ; long bill and short neck

Kingfisher (error) of malice children ; migratory : beautiful bird ; mantle green ; broad black patch on fore neck ; tail black, washed with blue ; bill long, black, down curved; two long tail feathers ; brown head and wings ; burrows in sand

Lays on bare ground ; birds with long pointed wings and wide gape; freckled grey and brown ; large patch of pure white at side of throat ; head darker ; abdomen not uniform in colour; flies swiftly in twilight; never perches

Lays on bare ground ; distinguished from White-throated Nightjar by uniform rusty-brown under tail coverts and abdomen

Migratory to Japan ; tail rounded and short, not forked, each tail feather ends in a short spine ; chin and throat pure white ; small white forehead Distinguished by strongly-forked toil, white throat, and white rump

Open Whitish under surface; breast uniform; back, rump timber and tail barred and spotted dark-grey and white;

largo dark-brown eyes, enclosed l>3r a yellow eyelash


3.


Broad-billed Bronze Cuckoo. C. Incalas


Bronze Cuckoo, C. jdagosus    ..    ..

Channel-bill, Storm Bird, Flood Bird, Bain Bird, Hey throys ' novee-ludia udite


Fan-tailed Cuckoo. (■acomantis rufulus .. Square -tai led (Brush) Cuckoo,    ftabdlif or mix

Black-eared Cuckoo, Mcsoodias /MiUiolatwi . .

Narrow-hilled Bronze Cuckoo* Chalcococcyx basali#

4.

S.

N.

5.

10

c-

c.

()} en timl er

8.5

r.

c.

Timber

7.5

V. I*.

v. r.

Shrubby

trees

0.2

c.

c.

Open

timber

0.2

v. r.

. •

Timber

0.2

c.

c.

55

24 í .. v. r.


OBD.HR XX. M HNUJtl FORMES.

r>0. Family ,M knurida;, Byre Bird. Victoria Byre Bird, Byre Bird, “ Pheasant ” (error), Menura victor ice..    ..    ..


ORDER XXL PASSERIFORMES.

0    51. Family ITttidje, Ant Thrushes.

0    52. Family Atriohornitiud/E, Scrub Birds.

1    53. Family Kirurdinida, Swallows and

Martins.

Swallow, House (Welcome) Swallow, IIirundo neoxena

Black aiul White (White-broaste 1) Swallow, (I her a mceca le ucostcrn u m 'Tree Martin, Tree Swallow, Peirockdidon nigricans

Fairy Martin, Bottle (Sand) Swallow, P. arid

S bl. Family Muscigapid/K, Flycatchers, etc.

0 Brown Flycatcher, Stump Bird, “Peter Peter,” “ Spinks,” Micraica fascinans

Scarlet-breasted Robin, Pdrceca leg gel    ..

Flame breasted Robin, P. yhrvniccn    . .

Pink breasted Robin, V. rhoditwyaxler    ..

Rose-breasted Robin, V. rosea    ..    ..

Red-capped Robin, P. yoodeuovii . .    . .


Hooded (Black au I White, Black, Pied Robin, /'. bicolor

Short-billed Tree Til, Hinicrornis bn virostris


White-throated Fly eat or, “ Native Canary,” Bush Warbler. 0 cry gone albigularis


6.

Dark-grey above: rufous breast and abdomen ; throat grey; webs of tail feathers scalloped with white

Upper surface dark greyish-brown ; breast and under tail coverts buff; inner web of tail feathers toothed with white ; tail tipped white A shy-brown above ; white-tipped tail; live white bars on outer tail feathers; indistinct black patch runs l>ack to the ear ; light-buff chest and abdomen Upper surface beautiful bronze-green ; throat, breast, and abdomen crossed by broad bronze bars getting wider on the flanks; bill narrow; distinguished by crown dark-brown, and brown in tail New Zealand Cuckoo, possibly occurs in Victoria ; distinguished by crown and back of neck shining green; distinguished by beautiful bronze back; under surface distinctly barred brown and white Distinguished by crown and back of neck shining violet Very large drab and buff bird ; long tail, with black bar and white tip ; breast and abdomen greyish-yellow ; bill long, curved, and horn colour ; eyes red-distinguished by size and general fawn* colour

LYRE BIRD.


:u> v.

m.


5.8 c.

5.5    ..

5.1 c.

4.5    c.


5.5


. )


. >


0

3

4


o.

c.

e.

c.

c.

v. r. c.

v. r.


Dense

scrubby

gullies


Male easily distinguished by beautiful tail; female plumage uniform sooty-brown : tail long ; all tail feathers broad and fully webbed ; 27" long


PERCHING BIRDS.


e.


r.


c.


c.


c.


o.


c.


v. r.


Gen >ral


5?


55


Timber

and

scrub

Open

timber

55


Forest ..


55


Malice ; timber


( )pen timber


Tree tops


Breast, forehead, and throat rust-red; abdomen whitish ; head, back, and rump glossy black No rust-red ; white back and chest; rump and abdomen- blue-black

Rusty forehead only; indistinct whitish collar; back and head black ; under surface, rump whitish Head rust-red ; back black ; rump white


Dull greyish-brown plumage ; abdomen and under tail coverts white; throat whitish ; outer tail feathers white ; has been mistaken for a female Robin ; tail reminds one of a Wagtail

Distinguished by white cap and scarlet breast; black throat and back ; f. throat, back grey ; breast reddish Small white forehead ; orange-scarlet throat, breast, and abdomen; f. uniform brown above; no tinge of red on breast

Black throat; beautiful pink lower, breast, and abdomen ; f. under surface brownish ; faint white spot on forehead ; buff wing spot

Faint white on forehead ; upper surface dark-grey ; breast flushed with rosy pink : outer tail feathers and abdomen white ; f. has a buff spot on forehead Distinguished by bright red cap ; black throat, and red breast ; f. body grey ; faint tinge of scarlet on forehead

Black head, back, throat, and face; m. black and white ; f. brown and white

Smallest Victorian bird ; bill 0.3" : patch behind eye and eyebrows reddish-brown ; olive on upper surface ; under surface pale-yellowish ; blackish tip to tail, then white bar, then large black patch on under tail Upper surface ashy-olive; throat white; chest and abdomen bright yellow ; tail has black subtorininal band, tip white ; musical


3.

4.

s. !

Southern (Western) Flycater, Pst udogcrygom culicimra

4

Brown Flycater, /\ /«sou .. .. ..

3.8

r.

White-shafted Fantail (Flycatcher) Rhipidura albiscapa

0

c.

Rufous Fantail, Rufous Flycatcher, R.rafijrons

6

c.

Black and White Fantail (Flycatcher), Shepherd's Companion, Willie Wagtail, Wa Tail, R. tricolor

7.5

V. c.

Leaden Flycatcher, Myiagra rubecula ..

0.5

c.

Satin (Shining) Flycatcher, M. nilida ..

6.5

oec.

Restless Flycatcher. Scissor Grinder, Sisura inquieia

8

r.

Black-faced Flycatcher, Carinatod Flycatcher, Monarcha melanopsis

55. Family Campophagida:, Cuckoo Shrikes.

6.7

r.

Ground Cuckoo Shrike, Ground Graucalus, Pteropodocys phasianeUa

13

• •

Black-faced Cuckoo Shrike, “ Leatherhead (error), Blue Jay or Grey Jay (error), Blue Pigeon (error), Graucalus, Coracina robusta

T2

c.

Little Cuckoo Shrike, Varied Graucalus, C. menialis

10

c.

Jardine Caterpillar-eater (Campophaga), Edolii-

9.5

V. r.

soma tenuiroslre

h.

White-shouldered Caterpillar-eater (Campophaga), Lalage tricolor. Calls “Peter Peter” loudly

56. Family Timbuida;.

6.5

c.

Spotted Ground Bird, Babbling Thrush, Ground Dove (error), Cindosoma panclatum

10

c.

Chestnut-backed Ground Bird (1 brush), C. cos-tanonotum

8

• •

Pilot Bird, Pycnoptilus floccosus .. ..

(i

r. u.

Scrub Rbbin, Drymaced-us brunuci pygius ..

8

Cheslnul-rumped Ground Wren, Jlylacola Vyrrhopygia

5-3

Rcd-rumped Ground Wren, 11. caulu ..

5.7

• •

Coach-whip (Whip) Bird, Psophodcs crepitans

10

c.

Babbler. Chatterer. Cacklor, Twelve Apostles, Gat Bird (error). Happy Family, Oodlin Moth Eater, Hoppers, “Jumpers *' (error),

10

c.

“Go-aways,” Pomatorliinus ¡rivolus

N.

r.

r.

V. e.

r.

r.

c.

c.

c.

c. .

c.

V. r.

r.

c.


o.

Tree tops


Coastal

scrubs


r.


c.


u.


r.


Timber.

along

creeks

Deep

fern "ill lies Timber and

gardens

Dense

timber

Cullies,

forests


Timber


Tkick

scrub


Crass

plains

Open

timber


Forest,

tree

tops,

shy

Timber


Forest

and

timber


Scrub,

malice

I )ense scrubs, gullies Murray scrubs and malice Dry scrubs


: Dense ; scrubs

I

Timber


Abdomen,chest, throat, and ear coverts greyish-white .crown and back uniform dark grevish-brown : tail white at base ; inner webs of tail feathers have \\Tite spot at tip : largo subterminal black band on tail : | musical

j Back and sides of body reddish-brown : forehead, eyebrows, throat, and chest whitish : inner webs of tail feathers w ith spot of white near tip ; subterminal black bar on tail

Shaft (central axis) of each tail feather except two centre feathers white ; dark breast : white throat ; white eyebrow : long wag tail : very friendly bird Distinguished from White-shafted * Flycatcher by spotted breast: rufous eyebrow and base of tail; white tip to tail ; long wag-tail “Sweet pretty creature:" upper surface, throat, and upper breast black ; rest of under surface white ; white eyebrow ; long wag tail Distinguished by plumage leaden except pure white abdomen ; female rufous throat and chest Distinguished by glossy greenish-black plumage of head, throat, and upper surface ; abdomen white ; f. cheeks and throat orange-rufous Distinguished from the Black and White Flycatcher by white throat and upper chest

Distinguished by forehead, round bill, throat, and upper chest intensely black; abdomen chestnut; upper neck leaden ; back and lower chest grey

A very shy, ground bird : grey head, neck, and chest ; black w ing and lower half of long tail ; abdomen and rump white, finely barred with black ; no black face Grey bird, distinguished by black face, throat, and upper chest; whit© tip of tail and under wings; abdomen not barred; u] on alighting lifts win.s Throat grey in adult, black in young; lower part of abdomen and under tail coverts pure white (adult), barred, young; distinguished by size from Black-faced Cuckoo Shrike

All upper and under surface deep blue grey (slate) ; tail mostly black ; wings mostly black ; long hooked bill, like that of a Butcher Bird. Female—Upper surface, wings, and tail brown ; under surface white, with brown arrow-bead marks across tho feathers Male—Somewhat like a Hooded Robin, but if has a white throat and broad white patch on shoulder. (F)brownish above; lighter under, legs black

Distinguished by large pure white spot at side of jetblack throat and upper chest; lower chest steel-grey : back spotted brown and black; tail feathers with large white spot at tip. Female—White throat, with large rufous patch at the side ; run

Upper back brown ; lower back and rump chestnut ; upper wing spotted black and white ; throat has a black centre and white sides (m.); (f) throat grey; run Plumage uniform brown ; throat and side of fu< <* mottled brown and dusky ; very shy. Fast of Melbourne

Distinguished by dull brownish-grey plumage; two white bars on side of wing; some tail feathers tipped white ; abdomen whitish ; tail long, and often raised erect; legs long ; runs, seldom flies Seldom flies, runs ; whole under surface uniformly streaked whitish and blackish-brown ; chestnut rump and base of tail ; small whitish tip on some of wing feathers ; tail often carried erect: sweet song Distinguished by rich red chestnut rump; under surface white, with bold black markings on throat and sides ; tail often carried erect Very shy; rarely flics ; plumage dark olive-green ; the head has long loose black feathers forming a crest ; large while patch on side of neck Plumage dark-brown; white stripe over eye; throat and centre of breast white; centre of crown faint-greyish; side of neck grey; tail tipped white; bill long, black, and strongly curved ; 7 or 8 in a flock

1.

2.

3.

White-browed Babbler, Z\ superciliosus ..

1

!«

!

c.

1 N*

c.

5.

Timber

1 G-

Distinguished by narrow w hite line above eye and dark-brown crown of head ; no white bars on wings : flocks

Chestnu t - crowned Babbler, /\ rufice.ps . .

8.5

c.

99

Distinguished by rich chestnut head and white bars in wings ; run ; flocks 6-8

1

1

Striated Field W ren, »Stink Bird, C(daman thus

5

c.

, ,

Grass ..

Whole of body uniformly streaked with black : bead

alb ilor is (jut ig i nos us)

and back brown and black ; under surface yellowish and black ; throat white and black ; white eyebrow

»>

2

Brown Song Lark, Black-breasted Song Dirk,

9

c-

c.

Grassy

Black breast (in.); Australian Syklark; mottled

Cindorhamph us cruraiis

plains

brown bird ; distinguished by size and darker throat and abdomen

Rufous »Song Lark, Skylark, (J. rufescevs ..

7.5

c.

c.

Grassy

Mottled brown bird ; distinguished by size and rufous

forest

rump; sings when soaring like an English Skylark,

has a creaking note when rising in the air

10

4

57. Family Tukoio.k, Ground Thrushes

and Chats.

4

1

Ground Mountain Thrush, Orcocicfda lunulala

10.5

c.

r.

1 lease

Stout vcllowish-brown bird ; each white feather has a

scru bs

distinct lunar or half-moon edge deep brown ; mark-

!

(k ast

ings less abundant on throat and abdomen. Builds

ti-tree

very early (July) mountain gullies, &c.

4

3

White-fronted Chat, .Jenny Wren,” Tang,

4.5

V. c.

v. c.

Grass

Easily distinguished by broad black band across lower

(note) Tin-tack, Nun, Dottrel ” (error), Ephthianurn albi front

land

chest; rest of under surface pure white ; wings and tail black, tipped white ; female, obscure black band

across chest

Tricoloured Chat, »Saltbush Canary, E. tricolor

4,2

cas.

r.

Desert

Easily distinguished by bright red head, rump, chest,

and abdomen, and white throat

Orange-fronted (Golden-ironted) Chat, Saltbush Canary, E. auri/rons

4

• *

v. r.

9 9

Distinguished by forehead, chest, abdomen, and rump golden ; throat black (m.) ; head brownish ; throat whitish (f.)

74

25

58. Family Sylvud.-e.

•j

1

Reed Warbler, Reed Bird, Acrocepludus

0.5

c.

c.

Reed

Upper and under surfaces almost similar russet-brown ;

austral it

beds,

head slightly darker ; rump and undersurface lighter ;

rushes

bill long and pointed

1

1

Grass Warbler, Corn Bird, Cisticola exilis ..

4

c.

c.

Grass,

Distinguished by melodious song, in crops ; head and

cro])S

back rufous-brown, boldly streaked with black ; under surface almost uniform liglit-rufous

3

1

Grass Bird, Megalurue gramineus .. ..

5.5

v. r.

Grass

Head and back brown, distinctly streaked with black ;

and

throat and upper chest faintly streaked with black ;

reeds

chest and abdomen uniform light colour ; sad note

i

1

Little Field (Wren) Lark, Blood Tit (from egg)

5

r.

Grass ..

Throat, chest, abdomen, anti sides of body while.

“Jenny Wren” (error), “Speckled Jack,”

boldly streaked with black ; head brown, streaked

Chthon icola srujitlata

faintly with white ; back brown, marked indistinctly with black ; white spots on tip of tail feathers ; active tame bird ; one of the few birds that walk

21

7

Little Tit, Little Vollow Tit1 (Tomtit), Thorn-

3.5

# #

c.

Open

Upper surface olive-green ; under surface yellowish;

bill, A ranthiza nana

timber

slight rufous on throat; forehead slight rufous, brown, and dotted. Brightest of small tits

Brown Tit, A. pus ilia .. .. ..

3.7

c.

c.

'limber.

Throat and breast streaked grey; abdomen faint

scrubs

yellowish ; crown and back uniform brown ; upper tail coverts reddish-brown ; no white tip to tail ;

black band on tail subterminal

1 ted - r u m pod T i t, A. pyrrkopyg ia .. ..

4

• •

r.

Mai lee

Distinguished by chestnut rump, duller than in Cliest-nut-rumped Tit; tail tipped white ; dark band on

Striated (Striped) Tit, A. lineala .. ..

tail narrow and subterminal; throat and chest spotted grey and white

3.7

c.

c.

Timber

Neck and chest whitish, plainly streaked (striated)

with black; head brown, with whitish streaks; back clive-green ; flanks and abdomen yellowish ; dark band on tail subterminal

Chostnut-rumpod 'Lit, A. uropygiedis ..

3 0

# ^

c.

»Scrubs.

Distinguished by bright chestnut rump and lower half

forests

of tail ; dark band about half of tail

Yoliow-rumped Tit, Yellow Rump, Yellow

3.8

c.

c.

Open

Distinguished by light under surface and bright yellow

Tail, A. chrysorrhoa .. .. ..

timber

rump

Buff-rumped Tit, A, regidoides .. ..

3.9

c.

e.

99

Feathers of throat not streaked ; base of tail fawn ;

tail coverts dull yellow’; dark band on tail, covers about half of tail

JO

5

Red Throat, Red-throated Send) Wren, Seri-

4

r.

Timber,

Distinguished by chestnut throat ; general colour dark-

corn is brunnea

Ma-llec

grey ; rufous on wings and tail ; white spots on tips of some of the tail feathers

\ ellow-throated »Scrub Wren, »S', burbara ..

5.5

r.

. .

Dense

Distinguished by bright yellow throat, rufous-brown

coast

chest, and pale abdomen ; back and wings dark-

scrubs

brown ; face blackish ; distinct whitish eyebrow

\\ bite-browed (White-ironled) »Scrub Wren,

4.5

c.

# #

Dense

Throat white, with dusky streaks ; chest and abdomen

Scrub Tit, »S', fro n ted is

scrubs

whitish ; upper surface dark-brown ; a few short white feathers on forehead ; twro or three small white

marks on shoulders ; along crocks and coa u

(I) Thu Tifcs art1 >oim»t’ines called Tomtits. Anothtr name is Thornhill

1.


o


4


8


12


11

10


1


42

5


8


2


1


2.


18

Bonne t.

59. Family Artamidæ, Wood Swallows. White-rumped Wood Swallow, Artamus leuco-gaster

GO. Family Prionopidæ, Wood Shrikes. Grey (Harmonious) Shrike Thrush, Grey Thrush, Thrush, “ Fluii, ’ CoUyriocichla harmonica

4.

S.

N.

4.7

4.5

r.

• •

5

v. c.

v. c.

4.7

• •

r.

4.5

..

r.

5.3

• •

v. r.

6.2

r.

• •

S

v. r. u.

• •

10

lit.

v. r. W.

• •

G.5

• •

v. r. u.

G.5

• •

v. r. u.

..

..

6

• •

c.

7

c.

occ.

c.

G.8

c.

occ.

c.

7

c.

c.

8.7

V. c.

v. c.

10

V. c.

v. c.

15

v. c.

15

V. c.

r.

13

• •

r.

11

c.

c.

6.7

c.

r.

8.4

• •

v. c.

5.

Scrubs

Scrubby

yy

Scrubs,

spinifox

River

banks

Timbor

Timbor

and

trees

About

water


Salt-bush la ins Mallee

Denso

grass

and

rushes

Tussocks

and

scrub

Tussocks,

serub

Dense

scrub


yy

yy


Plains,

timber

yy

Murray

timber

Um

bered

plains

Tree-

tops

Mallee

and

timber


3.

Large-billed Scrub Wren, S. magni rosir is

Spotted Serub Wren, &. maculala ..

Blue Wren, Superb Warbler, Blue Blue Cap, Malurus cyaneus Black-backed Wren, M. mdajwnolus

White-winged Wren, M. leucoptcrus    ..

Blue-breasted (Purple-backed) Wren, M. asst mills

1 Emu Wren, Stipiturus malachurus ..    ..

2 Bristle Bird, Sphenura brachyptera ..

ltufous (Rufous-headed) Bristle Bird, S. broadbenti

2 Grass Wren, Amytornis tcxtilis ..    ..

Stiiatcd Grass Wren, A. strialus

4

\Y lute-browed Wood Swallow, “Summer Bird” A. superciliosus

Masked Wood Swallow, Bush Martin, A. per sonatas

Wood Swallow,Sordid Wood Swallow, Sumnn.-r Bird, Biue Bird, A. tenebrosus

2

1

1    Magpie Lark, Mudlark, Soldiors, “ Pce-

wee,” Pe-wit (error), Grallina picata

11    61. Family Laniid;e. Crow Strikes.

2    Black-backed Magpie, Piping Crow Shrike,

Gymnorhina tibicen

\\ hite-backed Magpie, White-backed Crow Shrike, G. leuconota

2 Black-throated Butcher-bird Cracticus nigri-gularis

Butcher-bird, Collared Crow Shrike, Derwent (“Tasmanian”) Jackass, Whistling Jackass, “ Durbaner,” C. destructor

1 Yellow-bellied Shrike Tit, Frontal Shrike Tit, Crested Shrike, Falcunculus jrontatus 1

6.

Long straight bill; upper surface olive-green; under surface greyish, with ¡aim yellowish tinge on Hunks ; no white in wing, eyebrow, or tail Throat and chest whitish, streaked with blackish-brown ; abdomen white, not streaked; white line above eye; forehead, head, and back brown; tail with dark subterminal band, and tipped faintly white Head, behind ear, and mantle cobalt-blue ; throat and chest blue-black ; hind neck and rump blue-black Head, throat, chest, and back cobalt-blue ; faint black band on chest; wide deep black band on fund neck (upper back); electric-blue patch behind eye Distinguished by blue coat and white wings ; smallest Victorian Wren

Distinguished by large chestnut-red patch on side of body about insertion of wing ; blue back and head Distinguished by very long tail of emu-like feathers; seldom llies ; hard to see ; somewhat like a Female Blue Wren in shape, size of body, and manner of carrying tail erect

East of Victoria; very rare; upper surface uniform reddish-brown; lower surface lighter; throat whitish ; wings uniform brown Barwon River to Portland; upper surface uniform bright-brown ; head rufous ; under surface rufous and barred

Usually found in rocky gorges and sides of ranges in Central Australia. A brown bird ; head, cheeks, and upper neck finely streaked with white ; rest ruloua, streaked with white

Very seldom seen. Distinguished from Grass Wren by broad black cheek stripe; chest striated; upper plumage strongly rufous Make swallow-liko sallies from tree-tops Migratory. Distinguished by white rump, chest, abuomen, and under tail coverts : neck, head, back, and wuus sooty-blackish

Distinguished by blight white eyebrow (m.) ; rich chestnut abdomen; blackish head and back ; (f.) very faint white cyebrowr; migratory Distinguished by black head, neck, and back ; whitish chest and abdomen ; rump not white ; migratory Dusky-grey wings; tail bluish-black ; throat, chest, and abdomen dark brownish-grey ; bill bluish ; distinct white tip to tail; distinct narrow white line in edge of w ings

Plumage dull-greyish or brownish; throat light-greyish, streaked dusky ; w hitish spot in front of the eye ; back umber-browm ; bill, legs, and feet black. Common about towns; has a beautiful full ringing note Builds a mud nest; easily recognised by white and black plumage and fairly long slender stilt-like legs ; face white in female; black in male

Distinguished by broad black band across white back ; tail tipped black

Hind neck, back, and upper tail all pure white; tail tipped black ; back grey in female and young Distinguished by black head, throat, and chest ; like a small magpie ; strongly hooked bill Bill 1.5", straight and stout; hooked ; throat white ; indistinct white collar ; tail dark-brown, and tipped white, except two centre feathers. Mellow flute-like notes ; sings much in autumn Prominent black crest; black head ; throat black ; chest and abdomen canary-yellow ; forehead, side of head, side of throat white ; behind eye black ; back greenish yellow ; F. throat greenish The male has a large black crest, white throat, black line dow'n each side of tho white throat to the black chest, lower breast and abdomen white ; female uniform greyish-brown, crest feathers blackish. A perfect ventriloquist; usual call is four single notes, tho third long, and the fourth lower in pitch and softer • this call is repeated many times

i.

2.

3.

4-

S.

N.

5.

20

4

White-throated Thickhead, Whistler. Cut-

0.5

c.

Scrub or

throat, Pachyce. phala pectoral is (guttural is)

forest

Rufous-breasted Thickhead, Whistler, P. rufi-

0.5

c.

c.

Thick

ventris

timber

Red-throated (Gilbert) Thickhead, P. gUberti

0.7

r.

Dense

scrub of N.W.

Olive (Olivaceous) Thickhead, P. olivacca ..

8

v.r.

v.r.

Dense

scrub

Yellow-breasted Shrike Robin, “ Wild Canary ”

5.3

v. c.

c.

Scrub

(error), Eopsaltria australis

5

1

i >2. Fa m i r. y Pa hi d m—T f t m ic e.

White-face, 'Titmouse, Aphelocephala (Xero-

4

cas.

c.

Plains ..

phi la), leucopsis

7

2

03. Family Sittid®, Tree Runners (Down)

Orange-winged Tree-runner, Bark-runner,

4.7

c.

# m

Ti mber

Nensitta (Siltclla) chrysoptera Black-capped Tree-runner, N. pilcata ..

1

4.7

• •

c.

8

3

64. Family Gertrude:, Tree-creepers (Up),

While-,:, oat i Tree-creeper, Woodpecker ’

5.7

c.

c.

Thick

(error) Clirnacleris picumna .. ..

bush : gullies,

Brown Tree-creeper, “Woodpecker” (error),

0.3

c.

c.

Big open

C. scandens

timber, box Hats

Bed-browed Tree-creeper, “Woodpecker”

5

v. r.

Open

(orror), C. erythrops

forest

13

2

05. Family Zostkropid.e.

White-eye, Silvcr-o\o, Ring-eye, Blight Bird,

4.5

V. c.

c.

Orchards

Spectacled Bird, Zosterops ccerulesccns

occ.

coast

scrub

-, Z. bowicc .. .. .. ..

• •

• •

y. r.

.. ..

10

0

00. Family Dio;eidj&—Flower Peckers.

1

1

Mistletoe Bird, Flower-pecker, Mistletoe-

3.5

r.

r.

Top-

Swallow, Dicceum hirundinuccum

most

branches

0

5

Rod-tipped (Diamond Bird) Pardalote, Stri-

4

cas.

c.

Timber

ated Diamond Bird, Pardalotus omatus

Orange-tipped (Diamond Bird) Pardalote,

4

c.

Tree-

“ \\ it-e-chu,” P. assimilis

tops

Yellow-tipped (Diamond Bird) Pardalote,

4.3

c.

Timber

Allied Pardalote, P. affinis

Spotted Pardalote, Diamond Bird, P.

3.4

c.

c.

yy

pu nctatus

Yollow-rumped (Diamond Bird) Pardalote,

3.5

r.

P. xanthopygius


6.

Distinguished by black head, black chest, and a black band round a pure white throat ; bright yellow hind neck, lower chest, and abdomen; (f.) plain brown Distinguished from the White-throated Thickhead by bright rufous lower chest and abdomen ; head, neck, and chest slate colour, but no yellow in plumage. A delightful songster; (f.) brownish, with striped breast Distinguished by rufous throat, no black band round the throat patch, and no yellow in plumage ; head dark-grey, like back

Tasmania and islands of Bass Straits mostly. Whitish throat, dotted with brown ; no black bands ; head dark-brown ; back and tail olive-brown Rump and under surface, except upper throat (whitish), all golden-yellow ; head and back dark-grey. Often perches sideways on a sapling. Very trustful and friendly; ccasi scrub; young mottled with brown

Dull-brownish above; forehead whitish ; throat, chest, and abdomen whitish; flanks brownish; whitish spots at end of tail. Small flocks

Represent the Nuthatches of the Old World Bill needle-like, and very slightly upturned ; top of head brown ; under surface grey Distinguished by jet-black head, face, and hind neck ; throat, chest, and abdomen pure white ; rusty-red patch on wings ; white rump ; grey back ; tail black, with white spots at tip

Represents the W oodpecker of the Old World Seldom on ground ; distinguished by pure white throat, spotted sides of abdomen, and under tail ; large fawn band on wing ; hind neck and back brownish-grey Often seen on the ground. Throat brownish-white ; very similar to the Red-browed, but larger, and no rust-red mark on face ; large fawn band on wing Distinguished by rust-red line along face past the eye ; throat greyish ; chest and abdomen streaked white and brown ; mantle brownish ; fawn band on wing ; centre pair of tail feathers grey. Female more brightly coloured than male

Plumage almost uniform yellowish-green, with ring of white feathers round the eye ; crown olive-green ; tail olive ; under surface greyish ; flanks chestn t Recorded from Morang (Victoria) only. New species

A thing of wondrous beauty ; associated with mistletoe. Distinguished by scarlet tin oat, chest, and under tail coverts ; upper surface glossy black ; abdomen black and white; (f.) brown, with reddish chest Seldom comes to the ground. Grown jet-black in front, hinder part and hind neck streaked with white ; bright orange line from bill to eye ; bright yellow throat; upper surfaco brownish ; a small red spot on spurious wing .outer edge of wing), (hence name) ; wing feathers nearly all edged white Distinguished from the Yellow-tipped by orange-red dot on wing instead of yellow dot. Distinguished from Red-tipped by having only one or two of big wing feathers edged white; calls wit-lo r'ery similar to the Red-tipped, but it has a small bright yellows pot on spurious wing (front edge of wing).Head, hind neck, and back black dotted, with white spots ; fewr white spots on wings and tail ; chestnut rump ; bright yellow' throat and upper chest; only one or two large wing feathers edged white; calls wit-lo Distinguished by black head, spotted with pure white ;

chestnut rump ; yellow throat (m.); whitish (f.) Distinguished from the Spotted Diamond Bird by a bright yellow rump

l


1.

1

88

12

1

6

4

4

1

1

1

29

2.

0

3.

07. Family Xectariniid.e, Sun Bird.

4. •

S.

N.

5.

33

08. Family Meliphagid.e, Honey-eaters, Honey Birds.

• •

.. ..

3

White-naped Honey-eater, Lunulated Honey-eater, “ black Cap ” Melithreptus atricapillus

5.3

v. c.

c.

Trees ..

Black-chinned Honey-eater, Black-throated Honey-eater, M. gularis

6

v. r.

Leafy branches of trees

Brown-headed (Short-billed) Honey-eater, M. brevirostris

5.3

c.

r.

ft

1

Striped Honey-eater, Plcctorhamphus lancco-latus

9

v. r.

Open sheoak country of N.W.

2

Sanguineous Honey-eater, Blood Honey-eater, blood Bird (colo r) Myzomela sanguineolenta

4

v. r. E

• •

Scrubs

Black Honc3r-eater, M. nigra .. ..

4.4

• •

v. r.

Plains,

timber

1

1

Spine ill, Spinebill Honey-eater, “ Hummin bird,** Cobbler’s Awl, Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris

5.7

c.

• •

Gardens,

timber,

&c.

2

Tawny-crowned Honey-eater, Olycyphila me-lanops

5.3

r.

Open,

heathy

White-fronted Honey-eater, G. albifrons ..

5.7

• •

r.

N.W.

Scrub,

mallee

1

Painted Honey-eater, Entomopliila picta ..

5.5

• ♦

v. r.

Myall

scrub

1

Pied Honey-eater, Certhionyz variagatus ..

6-7

• •

v. r.

Plains

small

timber

1

Warty-faced Honey-eater, T rkey Bird,” Mock Regent Bird,” Meliphaga phrygia

8*5

r.

c.

Open

timber

10

Fuscous Honey-eater, Ptilotis jusca. . ..

6-5

r.

r.

Scruls

Yellow-eared Honey-eater, P. chrusotis ..

7-5

r.

• •

Forest ..

Singing Honey-eater, Large-striped Honey-eater, P. so flora

7-5

r.

r.

Sheoaks, Bank las grassy pans coastal scrub

Yellow-faced Honey-eater P. chrysops ..

6

c.

Open

forests

and

brushes


0.

The typical Australian family of birds. Just as Euca-lvpts form the predominant family in the flora of Australia, so these honey-loving birds form the predominant family amongst birds. Each has a brush tongue to brush honey from (lowers la > and hind reek jet-black: faint white hand across upperneck; verysmallbright scarlet naked space above the eye ; rest of upper surface uniformly bright olive-green ; under surface whitish bap and hind neck black ; distinct white band across upper neck : yellowish naked space above eve ; upper surface greenish ; throat white, except blackish wedgeshaped patch up into the angle of lower mandible Very active bird, with a disagreeable, rough, rattle-like note; bare space above the eye of a delicate flesh tint; crown of head brownish, w ith creamy land across upper neck ; under surface creamy, white, or grey, darkest on breast; back green Distinguished by head, sides of neck, upper nock, and upjHT back black beautifully streaked with white ; throat white, with some black streaks ; cheat and abdomen white ; sides white, faintly streaked darker : bill spear-pointed and slightly curved, 1" long; loud whistling note. Found in pairs Distinguished by bright red head, middle back, rump, chest, and fore neck ; wings and tail brown ; slender bill, 1* long

Crown, neck, and throat black (in.); freckled brown (f.) ; mantle black ; breast and abdomen white ; tail and w ings sooty-browm ; long slender curved bill Ruby eye; slender bill, 1.‘2*; crown black; black band on chest; throat white, with a browm patch; abdomen reddish-fawn ; upper surface dark, with chestnut band across hind nook Very rapid flier ; shy. Crown faint-tawny ; inner webs of wings tawny ; plumage dark above ; centre of throat, chest, and abdomen pure white; a wide brownish-black band runs from the eye down the side of the neck and chest

Shy. Forehead white ; throat and upper chest blackish, faintly spotted white ; crown blackish ; inner webs of quills edged with fulvous; abdomen and flanks white

Easily distinguished by plumage black, while, and yellow ; upper surfaco black ; tail feathers and wing feathers with bright yellow on webs ; under surface white. A specimen was seen on (lie Yarra River Only colours black and white ; black head, throat, back, wings, and tips of tail; white lower chest, abdomen, rump, under tail, and patch on shoulder ; bill fairly long and down curved. Very shy ; (f.) like a ground lark, I ut Ion'/ curved bill A lovely bird, black and yellow. Jet-black head, neck, and throat; rest beautifully-coloured yellow and black ; a yellowish warty-looking naked patch beneath and around the eye, hence the name Very indistinct light brownish-olive plumage, darker above than below ; the only yellow is tho yellow' ear tuft; head and back uniformly light-brownish; chest whitish, faintly streaked brownish Large bright-yellow ear tufts ; head and upper surface dark olive-green ; under surface olive ; under wings lighter ; bright yellow ish naked patch between eyo and bill

Head and upper surface uniform dark brownish-olive , wide black stripe through the eyo and along (lie side of the nock ; an indistinct yellow hand below tho black line, and running back to the rather small whito ear patch : throat whitish ; under surface faintly streaked by dark centres to feathers Ear tufts yellow and small; earthy-brown upper surface ; tw;o black streaks along the side of tho head, separated by a yellow band ; chocks blook; under parts greyish, with dull streaks

5 3


T. 2.

3 I

i

o

3.

4.

S.

N.

5.

White-eared Honey-eater, P. leucotis ..

7.5

c.

• •

• *

Yellow-tufted Honey-eater, Golden-tutted Honey-eater, P. mdanops

8

r.

c.

Forests

and

scrub

ilelmetcd Honey-eater, P. cxissidix ..

8.5

v. r.

E.

• •

Dense

scrubs

Wattle-cheeked Honey-eater, P. erntitia . .

7

• •

r.

Malice,

dry

tracts

Yellow-plumed (Graceful) Honey-eater, P.

6.5

v. r.

c.

Scrubs

ornata

VYrhite-plumed Honey-eater, “ Groenie,” P. penicillala

6.2

v. c.

v. c.

Open

timber

and

gardens

Crescent (Horseshoe, 'Tasmanian) Honey-eater, “ Egypt ” (from note), Mcliornis pyrrhoptera

6

c.

• •

Dense

forests,

about

water

White-boarded (New Holland) Honoy-eater, “Honey-sucker,” “Yellow Wings,” M .novee-hoUandice

6.2

c.

r.

Coast,

ti-treo

scrubs

White-checked Honey-eater, M. sericca ..

6.2

r.

• •

Scrub

near

coast

Bell Miner, Bell Bird, Manorhina mclanophrys

7

c.

E.

• •

Deep

gullies,

scrubs

Noisy Miner, Garrulous Honey-eater, Snako Bird, Myzantha garrida

10

V. c.

v. c.

Timber

Rod Wattle Bird, Wattle Bird, Gill Bird,

15

c.

c.

Anthocheera carunculuta

Brush Wattle Bird, Wattle Bird, “ Mocking Bird,” AneUobia chrysoptera

Li

c.

c.

Ti-tree, Bank-8i as, euca-lypts Timber, malice

Spiny cheeked Koney-oator, Acqnthogenys ruflgidaris

9

r.

c.

Blue-faced Honoy-eater, Entomyza cyanotis ..

10

• •

c.

Open

timber

Friar Bird, Leather Hoad, “ Foar o’clock,” “ Pimlico,” “ Poor Soldier,” Tropido-

13

c.

occ.

c.

rhynchus cornicvlat us

6.

Black head, neck an ! throat, with lar e p’ ro wl ite car patch ; rest of plumage bright olive-green


Bright olive-yellow crown ; golden Sid#» to throat and cheeks ; jet-black round eye and ear co erts ; \eilow ear tufts; mantle brownish-olive; chest faintly streaked yellowish and dusky Easily distinguished by golden-yellow helmet on crown : long yellow ear plume? : jet-1 lack ro nd eve and down side of neck. Fo n ! onlv in Eastern Victoria. Cne or the rarest and most s len lid of 1 onev-eaters ‘‘Distinguished by stripes of lovely lilac-coloured naked skin across the sides of cheek'' (hence name). Under surface dull yellowish-white ; crown grey; upper surface uniform greyish-brown. Shy, although noisy Distinguished by whitish throat, chest, and abdomen, with bold striations ; ear tufts long and bright yellow ; crown, back, tail, wings green. Loud ringing note Distinguished by indistinct colours, greenish head, cheeks, throat, chest, and tail; brownish back, wings, and abdomen ; long white ear plumes, which, however, are sometimes not seen until the head is moved, and there is a fine indistinct black edge in front of the white plume. It is very common in gardens in Melbourne and other towns. Has a loud pleasing note. Active, and slightly pugnacious Pure white throat and chest; a broad black band runs down each side of white chest and throat, these black bands almost meet, and give rise to name, Crescent-or Horse-shoe Honev-eater ; head and back sooty-black ; bright yellow on webs of wing and tail feathers ; large white spots on outer tail feathers ; faint white eyebrow, with black line beneath it; long black bill Colours black, white, and yellow; under surface streaked black and white ; upper throat black ; head and chest black, with largo white markings ; much yellow on webs of wing feathers ; some yellow in tail Shy. Colours black, white, and yellow ; distinguished by beautiful white silky tufts on ear coverts ; black throat and upper chest, otherwise something liko New Holland Honey-eater

General plumage almost uniform olive-green ; black eyebrow ; bill yellow ; small patch of naked red skin behind ear; ventriloquist    *

Crown black ; forehead whitish ; bright-yellow naked patch behind the eye ; general colour greyish, darker above ; breast and upper neck finely barred ; black patch from the crown down to the side of the throat ; some greenish-yellow on wing feathers Wattles red, 0.25" long; neck and chost streaked with brown and white ; crown sooty-brown ; back brownish, with white streaks ; tail brown, tipped white ; wing feathers a narrow edge of light colour ; wing tipped white ; largo naked patch beneath eye, bluish

Neck and breast streaked with fine VIiite ; crown brown, streaked with white; back brown,'with fine white lines ; tail dark-brown, tipped white ; wing brown, faintly tipped white ; no wattle. Bold and pugnacious ; guttural note

Elegant bird. Peculiar gurgling note. Throat and upper chest whitish, tinged rufous; naked patch beneath eye; a band of small white spiny feathers from bill to ear coverts (hence name), and a black lino below this; tail tipped white; like a small Wattle Bird

Bold spirited birds; acrobats ; noisy, loud, monotonous call; eight or ten often together. Black head and upper back; bright blue patch behind and around eye ; pure white abdomen and sides of chest ; black throat and black centre to breast; bright-green back and upper surface

Black, naked skin on head and upper neck; hump on bill; plumage of body brownish ; light brownish-grey on throat and upper chest; noisy, gurgling notes

i

6.

1.

0

w •

3.

4.

S.

N.

5.

Yellow-throated Friar Bird, Philemon citrcigu-

10.2

r.

Timber

laris

09. Family Motacillid.e, Larks.

2

1

Ground (Gra is) Lark, Pipit, Anthus australis

6

e.

c.

Grass ..

4

1

70. Family Alaudid.e, Larks.

Bush Lark, Horsfield Bush Lark, Mira fra

5.3

r.

r.

Grass,

hors fiddi

crops

23

5

71- Family Ploceid.e, Weavers, Finches.

Spotted-sided Finch, Diamond Sparrow,”

4.5

c.

c.

Ti mler,

Staga nopleu ra g uttata

near

water

Fire-tailed Finch, Zonceginthus bcllus ..

4.6

r.

, ,

Open

forest

Chestnut-eared Finch, Zebra Finch,Tceniopygia

4

r.

Grass

casta notis

scrub

Plum-headed Finch, Diadem Finch, Plain-

4

v. r.

Malice

coloured Finch, Aidemosyne modesta

and

scrub

Red-browed Finch, Wax-bill, Sydney Wax-bill,

4.2

c.

c.

Near

ÀEg inth a temporalis

streams

4

1

72. Family Oriolid/E, Orioles.

Oriole, Olivo-backed Oriole, Oriolus Sagittarius

10.7

c.

c.

Tree-

tops,

forest

1

1

73. Family Dicrurid.e, Droxgos.

Drongo, Chibia bractcata .. .. ..

10

v. r.

v. r.

Forests

and

scrub

2

0

74. Family Eulabetid;e.

11

2

75. Family Ptilonorhynchio^e.

Satin Bower Bird, Satin Bird, Ptilonorhynchus

12

c.

Forests

violaeeus

near

coast

Spotted Bower Bird, Chlamydodera maculata..

10.5

r.

Timber

and

scrub

inland

4

0

76. Family Paradiseidìe, Rifle Bird, etc.

12

9

77. Family Corvtdìe, “Crows.”

2

2

Crow, Corvus coronoides .. ..

17.6

c.

c.

Plains,

Small-billed Crow. C. bennelti ..

16

r.

Timber

1

1

Raven, Crow (error , Corone australis ..

18.5

e.

c.

7

4

Pied Crow Shrike, Black Magpie, Streperà.

18.5

r.

r.

graadina

Black-winged Crow Shrike, Black Magpie,

19

v. r.

Malice

S. mdanoptera

Grey Crow Shrike, Grey Magpie, “ Jay,”

19

c.

Timber

(error) S. versicolor

Sooty Crow Shrike, “ Black Magpie,” S. fvlig-

19

c.

c,

>>

inosa

1

1

Grey Jumper, “Twelve Apostles,” Aoostlo

12.7

v. r.

Timber

j

Bird, Struth idea cinerea

11

1

White - winged Chough, “ Jay,” “ Twelve

16

c.

c.

Apostles,” (error), Corcorax mdanorhampus


Summer visitor. No hump on long curved bill; blue naked patch below eye ; yellow on throat, fainter on chest ; abdomen and under tail white ; upper surface uniform brownish

Its nearest relative is the Pipit of Europe. ^Mottled-grey. lighter below ; outer tail feathers white web ; runs; sings la.ely when sealing ; undulating ld.ht

Bill stout: tail short ; a singing skylark ; sometimes sings at night. Distinguished from Ground Lark by stouter bill, plumper body, and shorter tail. Summer visitor ; peculiar hesitating flight

Red bill; red rump; sides of body jet-black, with white spots, black continued across chest as a broad band ; white abdomen ; uniform brownish-grey back Small flocks. Red bill ; red rump; under surface beautifully banded black and white Small companies. Chestnut patch on ear; finely banded chest, throat; brown tail * potted white Distinguished by the plum-coloured (deep crimson) forehead ; bill black. Plumage brownish-grey, striated or barred with darker markings on rump and whole under surface of body Red brow'; red bill; red rump ; olive-brownish back ; under surface greyish-white

Olive-green head and back; breast white, boldly streaked black ; large white spots on tip of outer tail feathers; bill long, pink, and slightly down curved, peculiar ] leasant gi rglin * note Distinguished easily by gloss}*, jet-black plumage and long spreading forked tail. Crow-like head and bill ; fussy and noisy ; acrobat

Male beautiful uniform glossy bluish-black plumage. Female green back ; breast yellow, mottled white ; abdomen mottled green, white, and black ; rufous wings and tail ; young ma o up t > seven \eais like female; eyes violet to sapid ire-1 h o Lilac tuft of feathers on back of neck in male ; head rufous-brown ; crown spotted ; upper surface brownish, mottled with reddish-brown spots; throat and sides of body lighter than crown, and marked with spots or brownish bars ; abdomen grey

Black; hazel eyes; bill 2.2*; wing 13.7*.

Black; hazel eyes; bill 1.86*; wing 12.3".

Black; white eyes; bill 2.6* wing 14.7*

Black; white patch on wing; white base of tail; white tip of tail; wl ile under tail co\erts Distinguished from Pied Crow Shrike by Iho dusky under tail coverts

White under tail coverts ; white tip of tail; large grey bird

General appearance sooty-black ; white tipped tail, white on wings ; under tail coverts du. kv Short bill; grey plumage; black tail ; rufous wings ;

grey head ; white eye ; mud nest Plumage black ; white on wings only ; black curved bill; red e}'cs. Goes in mobs ; largo mud nest

Remember—A Tit is about 4* long ; a Robin, about 5* ; a Ground Lark, 0* ; a Sordid Wood Swallow, 7" ; a Black and White Flycatcher, 8"; a Shrike Thrush, 9"; a Noisy Minor or a Mudlark, 10"; a Butcher-bird, 11*; a Rosella, 12£* ; a Galah, 14*; a agpie, 15* ; a Chough (Jay), 16*; a Crow, 17.5* ; a White Cockatoo, 20".

Note the size of the bird ; then run down the size column, and glance at the Remarks to sec how the characters fit.

INDEX.

Albatross .. .. ..

.. Family

15,

page

i

Derwent Jackass .. .. .. ,

. . Family 61,

page 17

Apostles Twelve .. .. ..

f f

66,

tt

15

Diamond Bird .. .. ..

• • ff

66,

„ is

M ff * # * # # *

ft

77,

tt

21

Diamond Sparrow .. ..

• • y f

71,

21

Avoeet .. .. .. • •

tt

18,

tt

8

Diver .. .. .. ..

• • ft

10,

” 5

Babbler .. .. .. ..

ft

56,

tt

15

Diving Petrel .. .. ..

• • tt

14,

» 7

Babbling Thrush .. .. ..

tt

56,

„ 1

5, 16

Dollar Bird .. .. ..

• • ft

44,

» 13

Bald Coot .. .. ..

tt

9,

tt

6

Dottrel .. .. .. ..

• • 11

18,

„ 7, 8

Barkrunner .. .. ..

tt

62,

ft

18

Dove .. .. .. ..

• ft

8,

„ 5

Bee-eater .. .. ..

tt

46,

ft

13

Dove Petrel .. .. ..

• • t f

13,

„ 6,7

Bell Bird (Crested) .. ..

tt

61,

11

17

Drongo .. .. ..

• • tt

73,

» 21

ikill Miner (Bell Bird) .. ..

tt

68,

tt

20

Duck .. .. .. ..

• • tf

28,

9,10

Beteherrygah .. .. ..

tt

42,

tt

13

Dunlin .. .. .. ..

• • f f

18,

8

Bittern .. .. .. ..

tt

27,

tt

9

Durbaner .. .. ..

• • f f

61,

17

Black Cap . . . . . •

tt

68,

tt

19

Eagle (Eaglehawk) .. ..

• • f f

35,

10

Black Cockatoo .. .. ..

tt

43,

tt

12

Eagle Owl .. .. ..

• * f f

37,

11

Black Magpie .. .. ..

tt

77,

tt

21

Egret .. .. .. ..

Ì • <f

27,

9

Blight Bird .. .. ..

tt

65,

ft

18

Egypt .. .. .. ..

f f

68,

20

Blood Bird . . .. ..

tt

68,

tf

19

Emu .. .. .. ..

* f f

1,

5

Blood l it .. .. ..

tt

58,

11

16

Emu Wren .. .. ..

f f

58,

» 17

Blue Bird .. .. . •

ft

59,

tt

17

Falcon .. .. .. ..

ff

35,

H

Blue Bonnet (Parrot) .. ..

tt

42,

tt

12

Fantail .. .. .. ..

f f

54,

„ 15

Blue Bonnet (Wren) (Blue Cap) ..

tt

58,

tt

17

Fern Owl .. .. ..

f f

47,

13

Blue Mountain Parrot .. . .

11

40,

ft

11

Field Wren .. .. ..

• * f f

56,

16

Bluowing (Duck) .. .. ..

tt

28,

tt

9

Finch .. .. .. ..

ft

71,

21

ft +• 1

Blue Wren .. .. . •

tt

58,

ft

17

Fish Hawk .. .. ..

• • f f

36,

» H

Booby .. .. .. ..

tt

3»,

tt

10

Flood Bird .. .. ..

f f

49,

» 14

Boomer .. .. .. ..

tt

27,

tt

9

Flower-pecker .. .. ..

f f

66,

» 18

Bower Bird .. .. ..

tt

76,

tt

21

Flycatcher .. .. ..

t f

54,

14, 15

Bristle Bird .. .. ..

tt

58,

tt

17

Flyeater • .. .. ..

ft

54,

14, 15

Bronze wing .. .. ..

tt

8,

tt

5

Friar Bird .. .. ..

• • tf

68,

,, 20

Brownhead (Duck) .. ..

tt

28,

tt

9

Frigate Bird .. .. ..

♦ • f f

32,

io

Budgerigar .. .. ..

tt

42,

tt

13

Frogmouth .. .. ..

* • f f

43,

„ 13

Bulla Bulla .. .. ..

tt

42,

tt

12

Galah .. .. .. ..

• • ff

42,

,, 12

Bulloak (Parrot) .. .. ..

tt

42,

tt

12

Gang-gang .. .. ..

♦ • ft

42,

„ 12

Bush Lark .. .. ..

tt

70,

tt

21

Gannet .. .. .. ..

• • tt

31,

„ 10

Bustard .. .. ..

tt

22,

tf

8

Gill Bird .. .. ..

• • tt

68,

„ 20

Butcher Bird .. .. ..

tt

61,

tt

17

Goats c or .. .. ..

• • tt

47,

„ 13

Buzzard .. .. ..

tt

35,

tt

11

Godwit .. .. .. ..

• • tt

18,

» 8

Cacklor .. .. .. ..

tt

56,

tt

15

Goose .. .. .. ..

• • tt

28,

9

Campophaga .. .. ..

tt

55,

15

Goshawk .. .. ..

• • tt

35,

10

Canary, Nativo .. .. ..

tt

54,

tf

14

Grass Bird .. .. ..

• • tt

58,

16

,, Salt Bush .. ..

tt

57,

ft

16

Grass Parrot .. .. ..

• • tt

42,

12, 13

Wild .. .. ..

tt

61,

ft

81

Grass Warbler .. .. ..

• • tt

58,

16

Cape Pigeon .. .. ..

tt

13,

tt

6

Grass Wren .. .. ..

• • tt

58,

17

Cassowary .. .. ..

D ,

2,

tt

5

Graucalus .. .. ..

• • tt

55,

15

Cat Bird (error) .. .. ..

tt

56,

ft

15

Grebo .. .. .. ..

• • tt

10,

6

Caterpillar-eater .. .. ..

tt

55,

ft

15

Greenie .. .. .. ..

• ft

68,

20

Channel-bill .. .. ..

tt

•1!.,

tt

14

Green Keet .. .. ..

• ♦ f f

40.

11

Chat .. .. .. ..

tt

57,

ft

16

Green Look . . .. ..

• ft

42,

12

Chatterer .. .. ..

tt

56,

tf

15

Greonshank .. .. ..

• • tt

18,

8

Chough .. .. .. •.

tt

77,

ft

21

Grey Jumper .. .. ..

• • tt

77,

21

Coach whip Bird .. .. ..

tt

56,

tt

15

Grey Magpie .. .. ..

• 11

77,

21

Cobbler’s Awl .. .. ..

tt

68,

tt

19

Ground Bird .. . . ..

tt

56,

,, 15

Cockatiel .. .. ..

tt

42,

ft

12

Ground Lark .. ... ..

tt

69,

„ 21

Cockatoo and Cockatoo Parrakeet ..

tt

42,

ft

12

Ground Parrakeet .. ..

• • 11

42,

„ 13

Codlin Moth Eater .. ..

tt

56,

ft

5

Ground Thrush .. .. ..

• • 11

57,

» 16

Coot and Coot, Bald .. ..

tt

9,

ft

6

Ground Wren .. .. ..

tt

56,

„ 15

Corolla .. .. .. . •

tt

42,

tt

12

Gull .. .. .. ..

• • tt

16,

,, 7

Cormorant .. .. ..

11

29,

tt

10

Happy Family .. .. ..

• • ;t

56,

„ 15

Corn Bird .. .. . •

n

58,

tt

16

Hardhead .. .. ..

• • tt

28,

„ 9

Crake .. . • .. ..

tt

9,

ft

6

Harrier .. .. .. ..

• • >t

35,

„ 10

Crane (Native Companion).. . .

tt

23,

tt

8

Hawk .. .. .. ..

• • tt

35,

„ 10, 11

Crane (Herons) .. .. ..

tt

27,

11

9

Heron .. .. .. ..

• • tt

27,

„ 0

Crow .. .. .. ..

tt

77,

tt

21

Honey-eator, Honey-birds, Honey-sucker

• • tt

68,

„ 19

Crow Shrike .. .. ..

11

61,

tt

17

Hopper .. .. .. ..

.. • M

56,

„ 15

M * • * * * *

tt

77,

tt

21

Humming Bird .. .. ..

• • tt

68,

„ 19

Cuckoo .. .. .. ..

tt

49,

tt

13, 14

Ibis .. .. .. ..

• • 11

24,

„ 9

Cuckoo Shrike .. .. ..

tt

55,

It

15

Jabiru.. .. .. ..

• • tt

26,

„ 9

Curlew .. .. .. ..

tt

18,

tt

8

Jackass, Laughing . . ..

• • tt

45,

„ 13

“ Curlew ” (Stone Plover) .. . .

tt

21,

t

8

Jackass, Whistling .. ..

• • tt

61,

» 17

Curlew Stint .. . . ..

tt

18,

t >

S

Jay .. .. .. ..

* tt

77,

» 21

Cuthroat .. .. • •

tt

61,

tt

18

Jenny Wren .. .. ..

• • tt

57,

» 16

Dabohiok .. .. ..

tt

10,

ft

6

Jumper .. .. .. ..

* * ft

56,

15

Darter ♦, ,. *. . •

tt

30,

tt

10

Jumper, Grey ., ,, ,.

• • If

77,

„ 21

Kestrel ..    ..

. Family

4,

pago

5

• 99

5,

99

5

• 99

15,

99

7

• 99

42,

99

12

• 99

9,

99

6

• 99

49,

99

14

99

46,

99

13

♦ 99

*

99

21

• 99

18,

99

7

• 99

58,

99

16

• 99

58.

99

16

• 99

76,

99

21

* 9»

65,

99

18

• 99

42,

99

12

• 99

54,

99

14

• 99

61,

99

18

• 99

42,

>9

12

• 99

44,

99

13

• 99

42,

99

12

• 99

57,

99

16

• 99

18,

99

8

• 99

is.

» 7

.8

• 99

75,

99

21

• 99

54,

99

15

• 99

38,

99

11

• 99

52,

99

14

• 99

56,

99

15

• 99

58,

99

16

• 99

16,

99

7

• 99

16,

99

ft

/

• 99

29,

99

10

• 99

54,

99

15

• 99

28,

99

9

• 99

28,

99

9

♦ 99

61,

99

17

• 99

77/

99

21

• 99

55,

15

• 99

61,

99

18

• 99

60,

99

17

• 99

01,

99

17

• 99

65,

99

18

• 99

17,

99

/

• 99

56,

99

16

• 99

42,

99

12

• 99

30,

99

10

• 99

18,

99

8

• 99

56,

99

16

• 99

35,

» io,

11

• 99

58,

16

• 99

68,

ft

9

• 99

54,

t*

14

• 99

25.

»♦

9

• 99

44,

»

13

• 99

18,

f>

8

• 99

56,

tt

16

• 99

18,

tt

8

• 99

21,

tt

8

• 99

26,

tt

9

• 99

49,

tt

14

• 99

12,

tt

6

♦ 99

54,

tt

14

• 99

59,

tt

17

• 99

67,

tt

19

• 99

58,

tt

17

• 99

53,

tt

14

• 99

59,

tt

17

• 99

28,

tt

9

• 99

48,

tt

13

• 99

71,

tt

21

• 99

57,

16

• 99

28,

tt

9

♦ 99

16,

tt

7

• 99

61,

tt

18

• 99

58,

tt

16

• 99

60,

tt

17

• 99

51,

tt

14

• 99

56,

tt

15

• 99

57,

tt

10


Family

35,

pace 11

Quail .. ..

99

45,

y y

13

Quail, Button or Bustard

99

35,

99

10, 11

Quaker .. ..

99

IS,

99

8

Quarrion ..

99

46,

9

. 13

Rail .. ..

yy

9,

99

6

Rain Bird . .

yy

45,

99

13

Rainbow Bird ..

yy

70,

99

21

Raven .. ..

yy

60,

99

21

Red «ill.. ..

y y

5S,

99

16

Red Throat ..

99

60,

99

17

Reed Warbler, Reed Bird

yy

56,

99

16

Rifle Bird ..

99

68,

99

20

Ring Eye ..

99

55,

99

15

Ringneck ..

yy

9,

99

6

Robin .. ..

y 9

58,

9 9

16

Robin, Sliriko ..

yy

40,

99

11

Rock Pebble ..

99

42,

99

13

Roller .. ..

yy

42,

99

12

Rosella .. ..

yy

42,

99

13

Salt Bush Canary

99

3,

>9

5

Sanderling ..

99

50,

99

14

Sandpiper ..

y y

61,

9 9

17

Satin Bird, Satin Bower

' ird

99

77,

99

21

Scissor Grinder ..

yy

60,

99

17

Screech Owl . .

yy

42,

9 9

12

Scrub Bird ..

yy

3,

9 9

5

Scrub Robin ..

yy

i)3,

99

14

Scrub Wren and Scrub Tit

99

59,

99

17

Seagidl (Sea Pigeon)

99

68,

99

20

Sea Swallow ..

99

66,

99

18

Shag .. ..

99

68,

99

20

Shepherd’s Companion

99

15,

99

7

Shioldrake ..

99

9,

99

6

Shoveller ..

99

37,

99

11

Sliriko, Crow ..

99

43,

99

13

99 * *

y y

12,

9 •

6

Shrike, Cuckoo ..

yy

60,

99

17

Shrike Robin ..

yy

13,

99

6

Shrike Thrush ..

99

27,

99

9

Shrike Tit ..

99

54,

99

14

Silver Eye ..

99

23,

99

8

Skua .. ..

99

9,

99

6

Skylark .. ..

y 9

16,

99

9

Smoker .. ..

99

42,

99

13

Snake Bird ..

99

47,

99

13

Snipe .. ..

99

43,

99

13

Song Lark ..

99

57,

99

16

Sparrow Hawk ..

99

72,

99

21

Speckled Jack ..

99

36,

99

11

Spine hill ..

99

37,

99

11

Spinks .. ..

99

47,

99

13

Spoonbill ..

99

43,

99

13

Star Bird ..

9*

18,

99

7

Stilt .. ..

yy

18,

99

8

Stink Bird ..

yy

66,

99

18

Stint .. ..

yy

19,

99

8

Stono Plover ..

yy

42,

99

12, 13

Stork .. ..

yy

34,

99

10

Storm Bird ..

yy

11,

99

6, 7

Storm Petrel ..

99

54,

99

14

Stump Bird ..

yy

13,

99

6

Summer Bird ..

yy

14,

99

7

Sun Bird ..

yy

12,

99

6

Superb War tier ..

yy

60,

99

17

Swallow ..

yy

50,

99

14

Swallow, Wood ..

y y

3,

99

5

Swan .*. ..

6, 8,

9*

5

Swift .. ..

99

56,

99

15

Sydney Wax bill ..

99

68,

99

20

Tang .. ..

99

69,

99

21

Teal .. ..

yy

51,

99

14

Tern .. ..

yy

5,

99

5

Thickhead ..

yy

18,

99

7

Thorn bill ..

yy

21,

99

8

Thrush .. ..

yy

60,

99

17

Thrush Ant ..

yy

20,

99

8

Thrush, Babbling..

99

13,

99

6,7

Thrush, Ground or Mountain


Kingfisher    ..    .

Kite ..    ..

Knot ..    ..

Kookaburra .. Landrail..    ..

Laughing Jackass Lark, Bush ..

Lark, Ground (Grass)

Lark, Little Field..

Lark, Magpie ..

Lark, Song    ..

Leatherhead .. Leatherhead (error)

Lewin Rail ..

Little Field Wren Lorikeet    ..

Lorikeet, Swift ..

Lory (Lowry) ..

Love Bird    ..

Lowan ..    ..

Lyre Bird    ..

Magpie ..    ..

“ Magpie, Black ” (Grey) Magpie Lark ..

Major Mitchell ..

Mallee Fowl .. Martin, Tree, Fairy „ Bush ..

Miner ..    ..

Mistletoe Bird (Swallow) Mocking Bird ..

Molly Hawk ..

Moor Hen    ..

Mo oke (Bool ook Owl) Mopoke (Frojmo th, error Mother Carey's Chickens Mudlark    ..

Mutton Bird .. Nankeen Crane ..

Native Canary ..

Native Companion Native Hen ..

Nell'e ..    ..

Night Parrakeet .. Nightjar..    ..

Nightjar, Owlet ..

Nun ..    ..

Oriole ..    ..

Osprey ..    ..

Owl ..    ..

Owl, Fern    ..

Owlet Nightjar ..

Oyster Catcher .. Painted Lady (Avocet) Pardalote    ..

Parra ..    ..

Parrakeet (Parrot)

Pelican    ..

Penguin    ..

Peter Peter ..

Petrel and Petrol, Dove Petrel, Diving ..

Petrel, Storm ..

Pe-wit (Pe-wee) .. Pheasant (error) .. Pheasant, Native..

Pigeon ..    ..

Pilot Bird    ..

Pimlico ..    ..

Pipit ..    ..

Pitta ..    ..

Plain Wanderer ..

Plover ..    ..

Plover, Stone ..

“ Pluff ”    ..

Pratincole    ..

Prion * ..    ..

24 SUPPLEMENT

.. * _______.______________ _ .

TO

EDUCATION GAZETTE AND TEACHERS’

AID.

[16 December,

1908.

Thrush, Shrike .. ..

..Family GO, page 17

Wee juggler ..

.. Family 42,

page

12

Tin tack .. ..

• • tt

07,

„ 16

Whimbrel ..

.. „ 18,

tt

8

Tit (Tomtit) an<i Tit, S rub

• *.

58, „

16

Whip Bird . .

. #

.. ,, 56,

15

Titmouse .. ..

62, „

18

Whistler.. ..

.. „ 61,

tt

IS

Tit, Shrike .. ..

♦ * >>

61, „

17

White-eye ..

.. „ 65,

tt

18

Tomtit (Tit) .. ‘ ..

' ' tt

58, „

16

White-face ..

. - „ 62,

tt

18

Tree-creeper .. ..

*tt

64, „

18

Widgeon ..

. • „ 28,

tt

9

Tree-runner .. ..

* ■ if

63,

18

Wild Canary ..

m #

.. 61,

tt

18

Tree Tit . .. ..

- If

54, „

14

Wild Turkey ..

.. „ 22,

8

T ringa .. .. ..

ff

18, „

8

Willaroo ..

.. „ 21,

tt

8

Tropic Bird. .. ..

• • ft

33, „

10

Willie Wagtail ..

.. „ 54,

15

Turkey Bird .. ..

* *>

68, „

18

Willie-willock, Wiiiock

.. „ 42,

tt

12

Turkey Quail .. ..

« • ft

5,

5

“ Wit-e-chu ” ..

.. „ 66,

tt

18

Turkey, Wild .. ..

♦ • ft

22,

8

Wood Swallow ..

• • yy OÍ),

17

Turnstone .. ..

• • ft

18,

7

“ Woodpecker ” ..

.. „ 64,

tt

IS

Twelve Apostles .. ..

• • ft

56,

15

Wrt n .. ..

.. ,, 58,

yy

17

M * ♦ • »

• • ft

77,

21

Wren, Blue ..

.. ,, oS,

tt

17

Wagtail .. .. ..

ft

54,

15

Wren, Emu ..

• . yy 58,

yP

17

Wanderer, Plain .. ..

• • »

•>* yy

6

Wren, Field ..

.. „ 56,

tt

16

War lor, fti sh .. ..

• • tt

54,

14

Wren, Grass ..

yy <>S,

tt

17

Warbler, Grass .. ..

• • >>

58,

16

Wren, Ground ..

.. „ 56,

tt

15

Warbler, Reed .. ..

• • ))

58,

16

Wren, Jenny ..

.. „ 57,

tt

16

Warbler, Superb .. ..

. . *

• • >»

58,

17

Wren, Little Field

• - „ 58,

tt

16

Wa er i Icq ~ .. ..

• • V

9, „

6

Wren, Scrub ..

• • yy 58,

tt

16

Wattle Bird .. ..

• • tt

68,

20

Wonga Wonga Pigeon

.. „ 8,

tt

5

Wax hi 11 (Sydney) .. ..

• • tt

71,

21

Yellow Wings ..

.. „ 08,

ft

20

By Authority : J. Kemp, Government Printer, Melbourne.

ir"**»■■*IM i    i.

1

Bell Bird, Crested Bell Bird, Oreoica cristata ..