Hundreds of Tips on Cooking, Laundering Cleaning, Glamor and Home First Aid
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of Tips on
Laundering Clamor and First Aid
Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide
I HESE hints have been compiled for the housewife who takes a pride in her home, her sewing and her personal glamor; who likes a shining house, but never forgets that it is possible to be house-proud, and still keep her beauty fresh and charming.
Cooking tips, hints on good housekeeping, home treatment of household accidents, flower arrangement, useful sewing hints, and recipes for glamor, slimming diet and exercises, have been gathered into this useful publication. . Bride or experienced housewife will find them invaluable right round the clock of every working day.
Section 1—Cookery Wisdom:
Section 2—Washing Day “Wrinkles”:
Section 3—Sewing Snippets:
Section 4—Tips in General:
Section 5—Guide to Glamor and Home First Aid:
SECTION 1 COOKERY WISDOM
Subject. Hint. No.
Appetisers for the Invalid—
WASHING DAY “WRINKLES”
TO REMOVE STAINS:
CARE OF IRON:
SECTION 3 SEWING SNIPPETS
CHILDREN’S FROCKS HINT:
SECTION 4 TIPS IN GENERAL
BOLTS AND HINGES:
GUIDE TO GLAMOR AND HOME FIRST AID
BITES AND STINGS:
1 Butter may be preserved for months by wrapping it in a piece of muslin or old linen and storing it in brine water in a cool place.
2 Equal parts of chicken fat, butter and suet are as effective as all-butter ingredient for rich layer cakes.
3 Flour shaken over the top of a cake to be iced will prevent the icing from running over the sides of the cake.
4 Try mixing your cake mixture with hot water instead of cold. You will find the cake will rise very quickly
as it is already heated when put into the oven. Nor will fruit sink or make it heavy.
6 Half an eggshell well washed and added to coffee will clear grounds.
7 Coffee will keep fresh much longer is you keep it in a closely sealed jar in the refrigerator. Buy coifee in small quantities to get best results.
8 Coffee grounds make an excellent fertilizer for indoor plants.
9 When a recipe requires a number of eggs beaten together, be sure to break each egg separately into a saucer before putting in a bowl. Thus the risk of one not-so-fresh egg spoiling the lot will be eliminated.
10 You should add a few drops of water to an egg before beating it for cakes, etc. Few amateur cooks know this makes the egg beat more lightly and more quickly.
11 If a cracked egg is rubbed with dripping before being put into water, it will boil without bursting.
12 Put eggs under a running tap before boiling them. This will prevent cracking.
13 Never wipe egg shells over with a damp cloth before putting away. Washing removes the protective film, and hastens evaporation. Eggs packed in salt will keep for some time.
14 Apples will stand for some time without discoloring if they are dropped into cold salted water until required.
15 If after peeling bananas you hold them under the tap for a few minutes, they will not go brown when put in fruit salads.
1G Floured scissors will cut dried fruits, marshmallows, etc., in double-quick time.
1/ Lemon juice added to dates before passing them through the chopper will help them run through more easily.
18 To keep lemons fresh, place in a dish of cold water, changing the water every third day.
19 Lemons which have become dry should be placed in a hot oven. Leave for a few minutes, and they will come out plump again.
20 When preparing oranges for salad, place in hot water for a few minutes before peeling. This way, the skin is much easier to remove.
21 Save the peel from oranges. Dry it in the oven until hard, then break it into small pieces or put through mincer. Store in a tin or jar and you will have a delicious flavoring for cakes.
22 Always leave the stalks on pears when cooking them. This ensures a rare flavor.
23 Fruit should be fresh for preserving and slightly underripe. Bottles must be sterilised and air-tight, and rubber rings new. Wide-mouthed bottles are best for the larger fruits, and pickle bottles and smaller types for gooseberries, cherries etc.
24 When stewing any kind of fruit, add a pinch of bicarbonate of soda and much less sugar will be required. If fruit is very sour, add a little salt.
25 To stone cherries and other fruits, soak in boiling water for a few minutes. Stones are then very easily removed.
26 If the odor of fish clings to the cooking pan, sprinkle the pan with damp tea leaves, fill with cold water and leave for an hour when the odor will have been removed.
27 If fish scales are obstinate, place the fish in hot water for a minute, then dip in cold water. Scales should then come off without difficulty. When frying fish, see that the fat is at boiling point before putting in the fish.
28 Fish will not break in cooking if salted and left for a few hours before being placed in the pan.
29 If you prefer dark gingerbread, add a tablespoon of melted chocolate to the treacle (or syrup) and spices. This also gives a delicious flavor.
30 Dip tissue paper in milk and cover jams, chutneys, etc., while they are hot. The heat will dry the paper, and make it like parchment.
31 Adhesive tape makes the best labels for jars and tins on the pantry shelf. It will not pull off easily.
32 Use a gravy boat for filling jars with jam, jelly, etc. It is easily dipped into a pan of hot fruit, and the long mouth fits into jars and prevents spilling.
33 For obstinate screw top jars and bottles, try tapping the top sharply a few times on a hard surface.
34 Add a few shelled almonds to fig and apricot jams. They improve the flavor and ensure better keeping.
35 A lettuce will revive and keep fresh several days if it is sprinkled with water and placed in a saucepan with a tightly fitting lid.
36 An easy and appetising way to baste meat—fill a small muslin bag with suet and a little herbs, pepper and salt. Tie bag to oven slide. When oven gets hot, suet will run all over meat and the herbs give a nice flavor, especially to legs of lamb.
37 The juice of half a lemon added to the water in which corned beef is cooked improves taste and color of the meat.
38 To crisp crackling on a leg of pork, rub a little lemon juice over it before cooking. Another way is to cut the crackling very deep and rub in finely chopped onion mixed with powdered sage and a good seasoning.
39 When frying, add a little salt to the bottom of the pan to keep fat from spattering.
40 For grilling meat, heat should be intense at first to seal the juices, then lowered. Use tongs for turning grills. Never stick with a fork or you will lose the valuable juices.
41 To prevent the meat from curling up under the flame when grilling steak or chops, cut across the outside fatty part before beginning to cook the meat.
42 Tough meat can be made quite tender if a tablespoon of vinegar is poured over it just before cooking.
43 A pinch of soda mixed with salt on the top of the roast will help prevent shrinkage.
44 When soaking brains add one dessertspoon of vinegar to the water and leave for ten minutes. The skin can
then be peeled off easily and cleanly.
45 Parsley, mint and celery leaves may be washed, dried in a very slow oven, then powdered and stored in sprinkler top jars or tins. Very useful when flavoring meat dishes.
46 When boiling milk, wet the bottom of the saucepan well with cold water before adding the milk, and the milk will
not stick to the saucepan.
47 If you wish to use sour milk in a recipe and have none, add 1J tablespoons of lemon juice to each cup of milk. This does the trick.
49 A pancake secret: Once the batter is ready for cooking, do not stir or beat it again. Doing so makes the pancakes tough and unappetising.
50 When rolling pastry in hot weather, use a smooth bottle filled with icy-cold water. The cool “rolling pin” will help make the pastry flaky.
51 Another way to make the pastry of a tart or pie flaky, is to sprinkle paste with cold water before putting it in the oven.
52 If the inside of a mince tart or pie is first coated with beaten white of egg and left for a quarter of an hour before filling with mixture, the pastry will not become sodden.
54 Paint your top pie crusts with a mixture of beaten egg and water before putting in the oven. This gives them an attractive glaze.
55 When plucking poultry, you will find that a teaspoon of common soda added to a bucket of very hot water will enable the plucking to be done with ease.
56 When making meat or fish sandwiches, work a few drops of lemon juice into the butter before spreading. This improves the flavor and prevents the sandwiches from going dry.
57 Fill burnt saucepans with salt and water, leave to soak for a few hours and then bring slowly to the boil. Never put soda in burnt saucepans.
58 One teaspoon of cream of tartar to a quart of water boiled in aluminium will brighten the metal.
59 To repair enamel saucepans, mix a little flour with the white of an egg (that which is left in the shell after using an egg will do) and apply to the cavity. Allow the paste to harden well and it will then stand heat and be waterproof.
60 Add peanut butter to soup which has been burnt and stir well before lifting it off the stove. The burnt taste will be eliminated.
61 To keep brown sugar from becoming “lumpy,” place a small piece of apple with skin on in the container.
62 Sometimes the skin from boiled tongues will not come off readily. If a teaspoon of carbonate of soda is added to the boiling tongues the process of removing the skin will be easy.
63 Place over-ripe and pulpy tomatoes in a basin of cold water with a little salt added. After a few minutes they will become quite firm.
64 Use small patty pans or mince pie tins in which to bake tomatoes. The tomatoes will thus keep their shape.
65 Half a teaspoon of carbonate of soda added to the water in which beetroot is cooked will improve flavor and color.
66 If beetroot is stringy when you are cutting it, cut from the top down. You will find the stringy texture disappears.
G7.Carrot tops make excellent garnishing when parsley is unprocurable.
68 Cauliflower leaves cooked well, and served with a little butter make quite a tasty vegetable, resembling Brussels sprouts.
69 When vegetables are very sandy, wash in warm instead of cold water.
70 Do not drown vegetables in water when cooking; use only enough to keep them from catching. Half-a-cup of water is plenty for most vegetables. Add a dot of butter, if you can spare it. Vegetables cook much quicker this way: bring to boil, then reduce heat until sufficient to keep water just bubbling. Twenty minutes should be enough to cook carrots, peas, cabbage. Fifteen minutes for beans. This way all vitamins are preserved.
71 Peeling and leaving potatoes too long in cold water before cooking takes the starch out of them, and you will never get really crisp baked potatoes unless you peel and wash just before putting them in with the roast.
72 A piece of fresh white bread placed in the saucepan in which cabbage or cauliflower is cooked will prevent that disagreeable odor from pervading the house.
73 After peeling onions, rub a little mustard on the hands and the odor will disappear.
74 A pinch of sugar added to onions while they are being fried will completely remove any danger of indigestion.
75 Potato water is excellent for making gravy. Use instead of plain water.
76 Root vegetables may be preserved for a long time by the simple means of a packing case and a bag of sand. Wipe, but do not wash vegetables. Put a layer of sand at the bottom of the case, then a layer of vegetables,
household and beauty hints
cover with more sand, and so on until full. Store, and you will have fresh carrots, parsnips, beets, artichokes, etc., when these vegetables are scarce.
77 A little vinegar, or a pinch of borax in the washing water will remove insects from green vegetables.
78 Green and yellow vegetables should be used as soon as possible after purchasing. Keep in a closed dish m refrigerator.
79 One of the easiest ways to peel walnuts when wanted for a cake, etc., is to soak them in cold water for a few minutes. Almonds left in hot water for live minutes will peel as you handle them.
80 WITH STEAK OR CUTLETS: Browned butter sauce.
WITH ROAST MUTTON: Red currant jelly or onion sauce.
WITH ROAST DUCK: Apple sauce, sage and onions, orange sauce, or orange salad.
WITH ROAST PORK: Apple sauce.
ROAST GOOSE: Orange sauce.
ROAST VEAL: Watercress sauce.
ROAST CHICKEN: Bread sauce.
BOILED CHICKEN: White sauce, parsley sauce.
BOILED BEEF: Dumplings and gravy.
81 Gather nasturtium seeds when they are young, wash and dry. Place in a glass jar, and cover with the follow-
ing: 1 pint of vinegar, 1 oz. salt, 6 peppercorns. Keep for one month or longer before using.
83 If cloves are added when making tomato sauce, they will prevent sauce from fermenting. About one ounce to 20 lbs. sauce.
84 EGG BEEF TEA: Pour a small cup of hot beef
tea over a well-beaten and strained fresh egg, stirring well. Heat in a saucepan without boiling, and serve.
85 EGG JELLY: Pare two washed lemons finely, put rind and strained juice into a pan with i lb. sugar, and bring to the boil.. Add £ oz. gelatine, let it dissolve well, then cool slightly. Beat two new-laid eggs and add to the mixture gradually, beating well all the time. Stand in a saucepan at the side of the stove for a while, but do not allow mixture to boil. Strain into a mould, and chill.
86 BAKING POWDER: Mix well together half a pound of cream of tartar, half a pound of ground rice, five ounces of carbonate of soda, one ounce of tartaric acid. Roll out well with a rolling pin, and put through a fine sieve.
87 FRENCH MUSTARD: One tablespoon of mustard, one dessertspoon of curry powder, one teaspoon of sugar, pinch of salt. Mix with strong cold tea.
88 MOCK PEARS: Peel some young chokos, take out the seeds, cut lengthwise into four pieces, and put in a saucepan with enough water to cover. Add three tablespoons of sugar, the juice of half a lemon, and a few drops of cochineal. Boil slowly until tender; serve with cream or custard. A piece of preserved ginger in the centre of each piece is an improvement.
89 PEANUT BUTTER: Put one pound of shelled peanuts through the finest mincer, then mix with £ oz. of butter and a teaspoon of salt. Put through line mincer again. This will keep indefinitely.
90 PICKLING MEAT: A pound and a half of bay or common salt, one ounce saltpetre, six ounces of brown sugar, four quarts of cold water. Put all into an enamel saucepan, bring to the boil, then simmer for fifteen minutes, skimming well. Strain and use when cold. Place meat in pickle, well covered by the brine. Leave for about ten days. Remove the meat and wash, then tie into shape, and cook in the usual way.
91 SALAD BASE: Liquid left over from mustard pickles is an excellent substitute for mustard and vinegar in the salad dressing.
92 BOSTON CREAM: One and a half lbs. sugar, 1£ pints water, 1 tablespoon tartaric acid. Boil together for 15 minutes, strain and when cold add the white of 1 egg beaten to a stiff froth. Stir well. Use 2 tablespoons to a tumbler of iced water, add a teaspoon of baking soda, and drink while fizzing.
93 LEMON SYRUP: Three lemons, 1 lb. sugar, 1 pint boiling water, £ oz. citric acid. Peel the rind of the lemons very thinly, and place in a saucepan with sugar and water. Boil for 10 minutes, remove from the stove, and add lemon juice (squeezed after peeling) and citric acid. Leave until cold, strain and bottle. One tablespoon added to water makes a delicious summer drink.
94 PASSIONFRUIT SYRUP: Scoop out the pulp of 2 dozen passionfruit into a large jug, and add 3 scant teaspoons of tartaric acid. Boil together 3 cups of sugar for 20 minutes, and pour over the fruit and acid. When cold, strain and bottle. One wineglass to a tumbler of iced water gives you a delicious and healthful drink.
95 RHUBARB PUNCH: One lb. rhubarb, 1 stick of cinnamon, i cup of lemon juice, 1 cup of pineapple juice, 1 quart of water. Wash rhubarb, cut into small pieces, and cook with cinnamon and water for 10 minutes or longer. Strain, add sugar, then chill and add remaining ingredients. Serve with plenty of ice.
96 Wash in lukewarm water, and never use a harsh soap. Squeeze but do not rub, and don’t wring out. Three rinses in clear water, or if the garden hose is handy, it is a good plan to hose blankets while they are on the line. If a washing machine is used, wash each blanket separately, and do not leave in the machine more than three minutes.
97 Do not use clothes pegs when hanging out blankets. Stretch over the clothesline in a sunny spot, and let them drip. Plenty of shaking will restore fluffiness.
98 If your blankets have bound edges, press binding with a warm iron. When storing for summer, cover with moth
99 When washing colored garments, add a teaspoonful of Epsom salts to each gallon of water and the most delicate shades will neither run nor fade.
100 Frail curtains, which look as though they won’t stand another wash should be placed in a cheesecloth bag and dunked gently through warm suds. Starch very lightly and iron with care.
101 Did you know that you can make curtains fire-resistant by dipping them in a solution of seven ounces of borax and three ounces of boric acid, dissolved in two quarts of hot water? Immerse curtains and dry.
102 The roughened edge of a brass curtain rod will not tear your freshly laundered curtains if the finger of an old glove is placed over the end of the rod. Curtains will then slip on with the greatest of ease.
103 If in doubt about washing printed curtains try damping a corner and rubbing lightly with a white cloth. If a stain appears on the white cloth the curtains are not washable and should be sent to a cleaner.
1U4 To tint washable curtains put the required amount of dye in the washing machine. The quick whirling through the machine produces a good even dye.
105 To set colors: Alum in rinsing water will preserve the color in most fabrics.
106 When ironing window curtains press across, not up and down.
108 Eiderdowns can be washed quite well, using a good lather of soapy water. Squeeze and press well under the water. Rinse thoroughly in warm water, using a cup of vinegar in each rinse to keep and brighten the colors. Dry in the sun, and air in front of the fire.
109 Use tepid water and mild suds for washing girdles. Squeeze gently, and use a soft brush on soiled spots. Roll lengthwise in a towel after rinsing well. Squeeze out moisture, pat into shape, and hang by garters away from heat.
111 To wash a dirty raincoat or macintosh, soak for several hours in water to which a large lump of borax has been added. Rinse thoroughly, and hang in the open without wringing. Lined proofed coats can be ironed lightly on the wrong side.
112 When hanging sheets and tablecloths on the line, place both hems together evenly and peg to line with five or six pegs each. They will keep straight and you will never have whipped corners.
113 A cupful of vinegar with a small quantity of starch dissolved in it is a good final rinse for silk crepe dresses.
115 When making starch, add a small quantity of Epsom salts. This not only gives a glossier and better finish to ironed articles, but will also keep silver fish from making inroads on starched linen which has to be stored.
116 To put a gloss on starched things add a few drops of turpentine to the starch.
117 Water in which rice has been cooked is excellent for stiffening dainty collars, lace edgings, etc.
118 A knob of blue lasts longer when wrapped in a square of woollen material such as winceyette. As soon as squeezing ceases the blue stops oozing out.
Always try to remove stains before washing in the ordinary way.—Methods:
120 BLOOD: Soak in cold water, then wash with warm water
and lots of soap.
121 COFFEE STAINS: Strong soda water is best for coffee. Stretch the garment over a basin and pour the hot soda water through the stain. Then wash in the usual way. This method is for washable articles only.
122 EGG: For egg stains on wool, use plain cold water; on silk, rub gently with benzine.
123 FRUIT: Sprinkle thickly with salt as soon as possible while juice is still wet. Leave on until salt is absorbed. Any remaining stain may be washed off with warm water without soap.
124 GRASS: Cover the green spot with kerosene before washing. For grass stains on wool, rub with butter and rinse in petrol.
125 GREASE: Delicate fabrics should be treated with eucalyptus after sponging lightly with tepid water. Then rub the stain with a clean cloth.
12,S INK. Soak immediately in milk, and if a stain remains rinse in a weak solution of chloride of lime. For colored materials, try a paste of mustard and water and leave for 15 minutes. Then wash in warm water, rinse and dry.
127 IRON MOULD STAINS: To remove iron mould stains, make a stiff paste of salts of lemon and water, using a wooden spoon for mixing. Leave the paste on the stain foi & tew minutes, then remove with a cloth wrung out in warm water. Dry well.
128 IRON RUST: Soak first in lemon juice, sprinkle with plenty of salt, and leave in the sun to bleach.
129 LIPSTICK: If washable, sponge the spots with kerosene or tetrachloride. Methylated spirit or eucalyptus will often leinove lipstick from materials which won’t wash.
130 MILDEW: Soak in a weak solution of chloride of lime,
and rinse well in cold, clear water. Or boil mildewed article for 20 minutes in sufficient buttermilk to cover. Rinse very thoroughly. Leave to bleach on the grass, day and night for several days. Then boil in the usual manner.
131 PAINT: Should be dealt with as quickly as possible. If still wet, wipe off as much as possible, then wet a flannel in spirits of turpentine or spirit of wine, and rub the mark thoroughly. Two or three applications may be necessary.
132 PERSPIRATION: Soak article in water to which a teaspoon of ammonia has been added, then rub stain with a freshly-cut lemon. Wash thoroughly. Carbonate of soda and water is another good mixture for perspiration stains.
133 TAR: Soften spot with lard, then soak in turpentine. Sponge with turpentine until clean and rub gently until dry.
134 WATER: Use a cloth wrung out in a 5 per cent, solution of acetic acid. NOT stronger.
135 WINE: Use salt in the same way as for fruit stains, rubbing well into the spilt wine. Wash as soon as possible after salt is well absorbed.
136 OBSTINATE STAINS: Mix together £ cup methylated spirits, £ cup peroxide, juice of two large lemons, £ cup cloudy ammonia, and £ cup of glycerine. Strain. Apply the mixture to the stain and allow to stand for a while, then wash in the ordinary way. This is an effective preparation for cleaning men’s overcoats, felt hats, etc.
137 TO MAKE: 2 lbs. caustic soda, £ lb. lump ammonia, £ lb. borax, 6d. salts of tartar. Put all into a deep tin, and add 2 quarts of boiling water. When dissolved, add 8 quarts of cold water. Bottle and cork tightly. For every copper of clothes add 1 small cup of fluid and a little soap.
138 Lemon peelings dropped in with white tea towels when being boiled will keep them snowy white.
139 If white handkerchiefs have become discolored, soak before boiling in a pan of cold water in which a quarter teaspoon of cream of tartar has been dissolved.
140 If your electric iron has become soiled, rub it on some salt sprinkled on a newspaper. Never try to scratch off dirt from an iron.
141 Wash dry starch off the electric iron with a damp, soapy cloth while the iron is cool.
142 Never wrap the iron cord round the iron while it is hot. Even mild heat will destroy the cord.
144 If it is necessary to hurriedly iron an article that has to be damped down, sprinkle the garment with water, roll in a cloth and place in a warm oven for a few minutes, and it will be ready to iron.
145 Damp the material before tacking down for your fresh ironing board cover, and you will have a smooth, unwrinkled surface.
146 If you are obliged to use buttons which will not tub on a washing frock, sew one side of a patent fastener to the frock, and the other to the back of the button. Buttons can then be removed before the frock is laundered.
147 When making children’s washing frocks, run a piece of material to the inside seams. If the material should fade in the washing, you will have a piece of the same shade with which to patch the garment.
148 A point often overlooked is the cutting of buttonholes on children’s clothing perpendicular. The “up-and-
149 Difficulty is often experienced in cutting materials such as georgette, silk voile, etc. quite straight. To overcome, dip the scissors in boiling water for a minute. The hot steel will cut a perfectly straight edge.
151 A clothes peg makes a good darning base for a worn glove finger.
Machining Heavy Materials
153 Before stitching heavy materials on the machine, rub seams with soap. The needle will slip through without breaking.
154 When making net curtains, use the width of the net for the length of the window. Then you get the selvedge for the hem. You will find that when the curtains are washed the width of the material does not shrink nearly so much as does the length.
155 When loose covers are being made, boil the piping cord before using. This prevents puckers when the cover is washed.
159 Sharpen blunt scissors by cutting through a piece of fine sandpaper several times.
160 Holes in sweaters can be almost invisibly mended by the use of chain stitches to simulate the appearance of the knitted fabric.
161 If the sleeves of a jumper are becoming bulgy at the elbows, reverse them. Remove the sleeves, undo seams, press with a damp cloth to shrink the bulge, and replace in armholes with the left to the right. This levels up the area of wear.
163 To give added life to trouser cuffs, sew a strip from an old kid glove inside each cuff.
164 A good emergency repair to a worn trouser pocket is adhesive tape stuck on both sides of the hole. Adhesive tape is useful, too, to replace worn shoe linings. Spread on smoothly so that it will not lump.
165 Line the bathroom cupboard shelves with blotting paper. It will absorb the spilt lotions or creams, and is easily renewed.
166 A sponge rubber pad is excellent for cleaning the bathroom tiles. It holds the cleaning powder, and is easy to work with. Lemon juice, turpentine or kerosene, in that order, are good for tiles. Polish off with a chamois for that extra sparkle.
167 Soap shavings mixed with kerosene will shine up the bathtub nicely.
168 When door or window bolts and hinges are rusty, put a little vinegar into them.
169 A small lump of lime left in closed bookcases will take up damp and prevent it getting into the books.
171 Bottles should be cleaned with a solution of borax and
water to which crushed egg shells have been added. Let this mixture stand in the bottles for a day, occasionally shaking well. • -
172 When cutting very fresh bread, heat the knife by dipping it into hot water. The hot knife will cut slices as thinly as required.
173 Bread kept in the refrigerator will not collect mould. If well-wrapped, it will keep fresher than in the bread crock.
174 Always hang brooms on a hook when not in use. This prolongs their life considerably. Never put brushes or brooms away damp. Damp brooms are an incentive to cockroaches.
175 If broom bristles are very crushed, soak for half an hour in a solution of loz. of alum to a quart of warm water. Cool off the mixture before putting in the broom. Hang out to dry in the open.
176 If the bristles of your broom become limp, dip in a pail of boiling soda water, and dry thoroughly in the sun.
177 A broom sprinkled occasionally with a little kerosene will pick up the dust with greater ease.
178 When straw brooms wear down too short for sweeping, cut the bristles level, glue a piece of felt or velvet over the end and you will have a good polisher for boards or linoleum.
179 To make party candles last longer, try giving them a coat of white varnish. The varnish must harden for about three days before using. A charming idea for table setting is to attach candles to a deep saucer with wax, and float some small flowers round.
183 A rubber sponge is excellent for brushing up dark clothes. A solution of borax and warm water is good for grease spots on black or navy blue; the more obstinate ones will require benzine, of course.
184 Eucalyptus oil will remove oil stains from flimsy fabrics.
Dab the oil liberally on the spot and gently rub the spot with a clean rag, working from the outside to the inside of stain so as not to leave a mark.
185 Powder marks on the necks of dark colored silk dresses will disappear if rubbed with another piece of silk.
186 An inexpensive and attractive cocktail table can be made by cutting down the legs of a small kitchen table to the required height. Enamel the top in a color to blend with your general scheme, and do the legs in a contrasting shade. An old card table will serve the same purpose, though it will not be so sturdy. Cover the worn top with a colorful wallpaper, using a blending border for the sides. When the paper has been smoothly pasted, cover with several coats of white shellac.
189 To clean electric stoves: While still warm, place a piece of steel wool on a cloth, moisten well with household ammonia and rub the stove briskly.
191 Give your brick fireplace an annual coat of raw linseed oil. This is a good preservative, and enhances the appearance.
192 For unsightly cracks in floors, melt some glue in a double boiler and add to this some fine sawdust to give it body. Then color to match floorboards and fill in cracks.
193 When staining floors for polishing, use Condy’s Crystals, which make a very good stain. Then polish with nigger brown boot polish, which makes a most effective and lasting shine and does not show feet marks as floor polishes often do.
194 Use low bowls for the “little” flowers. When taller flowers are used in low containers, use wire netting to hold them in place.
195 For “mixed bowls,“ use flowers of a light color and form at the top and outside. Darker flowers should be used at the base so that the whole arrangement appears to shade from dark to light. Stems should be cut to varying lengths.
196 Clay flowerpots may be effectively decorated with bands of crayon in gay colors without destroying the porous quality of the pot.
197 Woody stemmed flowers should be crushed, or slit well up the stem before arranging. Cut stem of roses under water, and put an aspirin in the vase.
198 Flowers will retain their freshness much longer if a lump of charcoal is dropped into the water. Particularly effective with stocks and other flowers, stems of which decay quickly. Half a cup of sugar to each quart of water is also effective in keeping blooms fresh.
200 To clean a fur: Wipe well with a clean bath towel, then place the fur on a large piece of paper, and sprinkle generously with bran. Fold the paper over and leave for 24 hours. Take out, shake and brush well.
201 To preserve and clean bamboo furniture, polish it once a week with a mixture of equal parts of turpentine and linseed oil.
202 To clean deeply carved furniture, dip a clean paint brush in liquid furniture polish and apply to carving. A dry brush used immediately afterwards will remove any superfluous polish, and bring the woodwork up like new.
203 For leather furniture, put a little vinegar into warm water and wipe the leather over with a cloth dipped in the mixture. Grease stains may be removed with benzine. To renew polish on leather, mix two tablespoons of turpentine with the lightly beaten whites of two eggs. Apply with a clean cloth.
£04 For that “foggy” look on polished furniture try this: Stir together in a metal container, two-thirds of boiled linseed oil and one-third turpentine. Apply with a soft cloth, and wipe off with another clean soft cloth. Then polish well, always following the grain of the wood.
205 Methylated spirits will restore the new look to upholstered furniture. Damp a cloth with the spirits, rub thoroughly, and dry with a clean cloth.
207 A good furniture cream—shred l-\ oz. beeswax and let it stand overnight in 1 breakfast cup of turpentine. Next, day, dissolve ¿oz. bland soap in £ pint of water over the fire. Allow to cool, then stir in wax and turpentine. Boil all together gently for about 2 minutes. Stir while cooking. Bottle and cork well, and leave for a few days before using. The consistency should be white and creamy. Always shake before using.
208 Here is a first-rate furniture reviver: One pint linseed oil, i pint turpentine, i pint vinegar, i pint methylated spirits. Mix well and shake before using.
209 Scratches on the polished surface of furniture cannot be wholly removed without entirely repolishing, but they may be camouflaged quite effectively with iodine, which is harmless to the wood. Take a small quantity of iodine on a fine brush (one from a child’s paint-box will do), and carefully paint over the scratch. Repeat if necessary when the first application is dry.
210 Worn loose covers have an unpleasant habit of wrinkling untidily. To obviate this, roll some lengths of newspapers longwise, and push them well down the sides and backs of chair or couch. The covers will fit better, and remain in position.
212 When the kitchen tidy or garbage tin has been emptied, insert a newspaper, sprinkle with sulphur and set fire to it. Flies will not go near a garbage tin so treated.
214 Shabby brown leather handbags or suitcases can be brightened by scrubbing the surface with a soft nailbrush and saddle soap. Dry with a soft cloth, and polish with brown shoe polish. The same treatment is good for pigskin, but white shoe cream should be used for polishing.
215 To clean a light felt hat, brush it well to remove dust, then cover with powdered magnesia mixed to a thin paste with a little cold water. Apply the paste thickly to the felt with a shaving brush. Let it remain 24 hours then brush off with a clean clothes brush.
216 To stiffen a brim, mix equal parts of liquid glue and warm water. Rub solution into hat with a piece of flannel and when nearly dry, press into the required shape.
217 Ice chests often get a musty smell even if cleanly kept. To avoid this, place a few sprigs of fresh mint on the ice block and put a little mint in a saucer of water inside the chest. The mint has no effect on food kept in the chest.
218 Place a length of string in your ice chest drain-pipe. This will keep it free from scum, the scum collecting on the string instead of in the pipe. The string should be replaced at regular intervals. If one end of the string is weighted, it will fit easily into the pipe.
219 To prevent scales from hard water forming in the kettle place a clean oyster shell at the bottom.
220 Rub a raw potato over knives which have discolored from acid.
222 Save all the waxed paper you get. Cut into long strips and twist into spills. They are better than any other kind, burning slower and lasting longer. Keep a jam jar full of them by the gas stove and save matches.
223 For shining brass, mix flour and salt in equal parts into a smooth paste with vinegar. Apply and allow to dry. Wash in warm suds, rinse, dry and polish.
224 Remove tarnish from copper with a half-cup of salt mixed with a cup of vinegar. Add enough flour to make into a paste and brush on to bad spots. Rinse and polish. Half a lemon dipped in salt will also brighten copper. Rinse off and polish with a clean cloth. Kerosene is good for copper ornaments.
225 Clean nickel with hot suds and wipe dry. Never use an abrasive. If badly stained, polish with whiting and kerosene.
226 To hunt mice out of the house, pour a little oil of peppermint about their likely haunts. To make cockroaches, silverfish and ants look for a new home, scatter Epsom Salts on the shelves of the linen press.
227 A very good polish for mirrors and one that will keep is made from i pint methylated spirits, i pint paraffin oil, enough shredded whiting to make a thick cream. Bottle and shake well before using.
229 If moth is suspected in clothing, turn out pockets, inspect behind collars and in seams for moths' eggs. Shake clothes and hang in bright sunshine, then press all over with a hot iron through a damp cloth. Eggs and grubs will be destroyed by this process.
230 Oilcloth for a shelf can be joined neatly by placing the two pieces with edges touching and sticking a piece of adhesive tape on the wrong side. The join will be almost invisible and will lie perfectly flat. Excellent for tears.
231 Keep paint brushes in good condition by working off superfluous paint on an old board, then soak brush as follows: If oil paint, enamel or varnish has been used, in turpentine, or benzine. If shellac, in liquid varnish remover. If lacquer, in lacquer thinner. If water paint, soak in warm water.
232 When using paint remover, apply with a brush. When the paint begins to curl, remove with a putty knife slowly and carefully.
234 To impart a refreshing smell to the pantry and keep it free from flies, wipe the shelves with a cloth dipped in vinegar.
235 A good home-made paste: Mix equal parts of gum arable and water in a tin, and place at the side of the stove to warm gradually. Stir frequently, and when quite smooth, add a little alcohol to prevent it from going sour.
237 When using petrol to remove stains from frocks, etc., do not put petrol directly on material. Instead, fix a piece of white cloth over the stain and apply petrol to it The petrol mark will be retained on the cloth and not on the garment.
239 Polish the exterior of the refrigerator with floor polish, preferably a liquid polish. This will keep it bright and shining.
242 Rubber gloves will last much longer if you paste a piece of ordinary adhesive tape over each fìnger end. Especially good for protection from long fìnger nails. Adhesive tape will also mend tears.
243 Wipe over rugs with methylated spirits to renew brightness, and remove spots.
244 Turn your rug occasionally to save wear in one place. If rug corners curl, place a damp cloth on the offending spot and run a warm iron lightly over. Then brush tufts in the direction of the pile.
245 For filling salt and pepper containers, try the corner oi an envelope with a tiny piece cut off the tip.
246 Never put silver salt shakers away with salt in them. Salt corrodes silver.
247 Olive oil and black ink, in equal parts, will restore black suede shoes which have become shabby.
248 One teaspoon of permanganate of potash, dissolved in half a pint of hot water, and painted on white nubuck shoes will make them a lovely shade of tan. When dry, clean in the ordinary way with dark tan polish.
249 Silverfish and moths loathe scented soap. Any cheap variety shredded should be sprinkled generously into the corners of drawers and upholstered furniture. Also under and around carpets to keep the pests away.
250 Table silver stored in a box of flour will not tarnish.
251 To remove tarnish from silver add a teaspoon bicarbonate of soda and a teaspoon of salt to a pint of water and stand the silver in this until tarnish has vanished. Wash in warm soapy water, rinse and dry with a soft cloth. This saves hours of polishing.
252 If a sink has become blocked, press some chloride of lime into the vent pipe. Slowly pour in boiling water to dissolve lime, then fill sink with one inch of water. When the water begins to run away, leave tap running a few minutes.
254 Rainy weather plays havoc with silk stockings, but if three or four drops of methylated spirits are put in the last rinsing water when washing spots will not appear.
255 If grass seeds catch on a silk stocking, wet seed and surrounding silk thoroughly. This toughens the threads and softens the hooks on seeds and with care they can be plucked off without pulling the threads.
257 An excellent way of cleaning the spouts of teapots is to pack them tightly with damp salt and leave over night. Empty the salt in the morning and scald with boiling water.
259 When varnishing boards, always apply varnish with a well-filled brush in the same direction as the grain Smooth out across the boards, and finish with feathery strokes along the boards, as in the first application. Varnish should be warmed in a pot of warm water before being applied. Thin the first coat with turpentine, about a quarter-pint to a quart of varnish. For second or third coats, use varnish undiluted.
262 Wash up in this order and save time and effort: Glassware, flat silver, dishes. Scrape all waste from dishes, rinse in hot water and stack in order for washing.
263 For sparkling windows, add vinegar to water before washing. Give a final polish with a wad of newspaper
264 When windows are obstinate about raising, pour a little warm fat between the frame and the casing.
265 Clean washable window blinds by scrubbing gently with warm soapsuds. Rinse well, wipe almost dry and allow to dry completely before rolling up.
266 Take two tablespoons water, four tablespoons glycerine, half a teaspoon salt and mix well together. With a cheese cloth rag wipe round windscreen with mixture. It will keep rain off the glass and allow perfect vision.
267 Wash with the followig solution: Half cup vinegar and half cup household ammonia to two gallons of water.
268 If you find it difficult to remove the kinks in wool before re-knitting, wind it into a loose skein and drop into lukewarm water. After a minute in the water, hang it up to dry.
269 Eye exercise will keep the eyes strong and bright. Tiy visualising a clock. Then turn your eyes round the face from twelve to six o’clock. Go back to one and round to seven, then back to two, and round to eight, and so on round the clock to twelve. Now do the whole thing backwards. Squeeze the eyes shut three or four times. Now blink at least fifty times. One hundred if you have time.
270 Choose a mild, bland face soap. Harsh soaps destroy tissues. When washing the face; always work the lather upwards and outwards in a circular movement. Rinse in clear warm water, then cold. For an extra special cleansing, cover the face with a good cold cream. Then
fill the wash bowl with warm water, and scrub your face thoroughly with a face brush or washer. Rinse well in several clean warm waters. Now fill the bowl with cold water and dash liberally over your well-washed face. Dry thoroughly. A tablespoon of oatmeal added to the washing water is excellent for a dry skin. Put oatmeal in a cheesecloth bag and renew for each cleansing.
271 A good cleansing lotion for a day-time use is: £ oz. borax (powdered), a dram of tincture of benzoin; 4 ozs. of triple extract of orange-flower water. Dissolve in 1 pint of distilled water. The face should be wiped with clean pads of cotton-wool dipped in the lotion, and dried before applying make-up. Natural cream is one of the best of all skin-foods. Next comes lanoline, or almond or olive oils.
272 No. 1: Oatmeal and almond meal, in equal parts, mixed with cold water, and spread on the face and neck, used once or twice a week, make an excellent beautifier, especially for dry skins. Leave on for about five minutes, wipe off with a damp cloth, and repeat treatment. Finally, rinse the face in warm water, and finish with a cold rinse.
No. 2: A HONEY PACK is another simple home method for skin beauty, especially good for “middle-aged” skin. Wash and steam the face, then wipe over with cotton wool dipped in cream or a little lanoline. Good quality honey should then be spread all over the face, and patted in for ten to fifteen minutes. Remove, and wash and rinse well.
273 A wonderful tonic is a refresher with a paste made of uncooked oatmeal and almond meal mixed with a few drops of milk. Apply this paste to your thoroughly cleansed face, and in this case the cold rinse can be left until later. In fact, it is a good idea to wring towels in hot water and leave on the face for a few moments before applying the paste. Now sit with your feet up for fifteen minutes. Rinse off the paste and go ahead with your makeup.
274. If you live in a region where the water is what is called “hard/’ add a little olive oil when applying to skin.
275 Treat yourself to a good pedicure by first soaking the feet in warm, soapy water. Scrub, rinse and dry. Always cut nails straight across, and file smooth with an emery board. Remove loose cuticle gently, but never cut. For callouses, soak some gauze in cuticle remover, fix with adhesive tape, and leave for five minutes. Remove the gauze, wash the foot, and rub away loosened callous. If obstinate, use pumice stone.
276 Corns can be removed very easily and painlessly if a piece of lemon is squashed, placed on the corn and left overnight. Keep the lemon in place with a bandage. In the morning, remove the lemon and you will find the corn will lift out easily.
278 An occasional oil shampoo will keep dandruff at bay. If the scalp is dry and fine dandruff is flaking on to your collar, a weekly oil shampoo is indicated. Heat a little olive oil and, with a small sponge, or wad of cotton-wool, dab the warm oil all over the scalp, parting the hair in sections. If possible, allow the oil to remain on overnight and shampoo your hair the following morning. Diet often works wonders in eliminating dandruff. If you have been eating a lot of fatty foods, leave them off for a while and watch results. Plenty of fresh air and sunshine will also help.
279 Scalp massage is the best method of promoting hair beauty. A good surface massage can be given by a thorough combing with a blunt-toothed comb, but the most thorough way is with the hands. The thumbs should be placed behind the ears, and the scalp rotated under the finger-tips; be sure that the scalp, and not only the fingers are moving. Massage may be combined with a good lotion. Brushes and combs should be washed twice a week, and kept in a clean bag, which should be washed frequently. A final rinse in cold water for brushes will keep bristles stiff.
280 Shampooing needs vary with type of hair. Roughly, once a week for town dwellers and once a fortnight for the country should be enough. Greasy hair needs more frequent washing. A good shampoo consists of a tablespoon of shredded soap of good quality, melted in half-a-pint of hot water. Add a teaspoonful of pure glycerine and two teaspoonfuls of eau-de-cologne. For dry hair, a tablespoon of olive oil well mixed with the juice of one lemon and the yolk of an egg is excellent.
281. Rubber gloves should be worn for washing-up silver or brass-cleaning, and housemaid’s gloves for other tasks.
If you are a gardener, rub the hands over with lotion before attacking the garden-beds, and fill the nails with soap before putting on gardening gloves. In this way the hands will not acquire ingrained dirt.
282 Nails should be thoroughly manicured once a week. Wash first, and clean nails. Then soak hands in warm water in which some oatmeal has been dissolved. File nails from sides to the centre to get a good shape. An orange stick dipped in cuticle remover should remove loose cuticle, especially if care is taken after each washing to push the cuticle back gently. Rinse cuticle remover from hands, and dry well before applying polish.
283 A lotion should be used regularly after washing the hands. Rosewater and glycerine, an old-fashioned method, is still one of the best. Lemon juice will whiten the hands and remove stains. Use lanoline, well rubbed in, at night, and wear a pair of loose gloves.
284 To reduce hips and abdomen, stand flat against a wall with heels together, and head and shoulders touching the wall. Draw a deep breath and stretch your arms from the front, upwards, as high as you can go. Exhale gradually, bring tensed arms down to shoulder level, and stretch towards the front. Let go what breath is left and drop your arms limply to sides. Try this exeicise gradually at first, certainly not more than 10 times, and increase each day until you can manage 50 times. Twice a day is even better, and will give wonderful results if you are persistent.
Stand with the heels together, toes pointing out, head erect, hands placed on the flanks above the hips with fingers pointing downwards. Without moving the hands raise the legs alternately sideways as high as possible. Do not bend the knee, and straighten the foot out as the leg rises. Raise each leg 10 times. Inhale when rising, exhale when lowering each leg. By degrees it will be found possible to inhale during the raising and lowering of one leg, and to exhale during the raising and lowering of the other.
285 If you find cream rouge difficult to apply, try putting a tiny piece of cold cream on the palm of the left hand and mixing the rouge with this. Apply with finger, dotting over the surface to be colored. Pat in well.
289 To conserve your precious perfume, apply with a small piece of cotton, then tuck the cotton into the clothing for a delicate, lasting fragrance.
290 There are two reasons for overweight, over-eating, or some organic disturbance. Any stringent steps to correct the latter should be under the supervision of a doctor. However, where a person is perfectly healthy, the following simple diet followed exactly, should produce a drop in weight.
On Waking: i cup of hot water or tea.
Breakfast: \ cup of tea or coffee, one tablespoon of milk, no sugar. 1 oz. toast very sparsely buttered. 1-2 oz. fish if desired Grapefruit, or an apple or an orange.
Lunch: A small portion of meat, chicken, or fish. 4-6 ozs. green vegetables (a large helping), 1 oz. toast, thinly spread with butter. Up to 1 oz. of cream cheese, if desired. 2-3 oz. stewed fruit cooked without sugar, or fresh fruit, £ cup any fluid.
Tea: 1 cup of tea, with milk only.
Dinner: £ cup of soup, meat, fish, or chicken, 4-6 ozs. green vegetables, stewed fruit, without sugar, small helping of junket or baked custard, 1 oz. toast.
This diet appears monotonous, but by variations of meats, vegetables and fruits is quite appetising. Try it for seven days, checking your weight daily.
291 To acquire an even tan without soreness from sunburn, mix equal parts olive oil and vinegar. Apply before going into the water the first time. The skin w7ill look pink but will not be sore. Continue until you have a nice even tan.
The ordinary accidents of kitchen and garden are usually not serious enough for medical attention. Following are a few simple methods of dealing with bites and stings, cuts, bruises, burns and scalds, but it must always be remembered that, in other than the most minor wounds, a doctor should be consulted.
294 The common blue-bag is best for bee stings, first having removed the sting itself. The same remedy for wasps. If the sting is about the throat, mouth or upper lip, the patient must be taken at once to a doctor or hospital, as these parts swell rapidly and the swelling may prove dangerous.
295 For ordinary insect bites, diluted ammonia water or a strong solution of carbonate of soda, or baking powder, dabbed on the bites at intervals or bound over them on a pad of cotton-wool will relieve the irritation. The common blue-bag, wet and held over the spot is another good domestic remedy. A cut onion will also give relief. If the skin is much irritated, try spreading calamine lotion over the affected spots, after using one of these recommended remedies.
296 Ticks must be killed before they are removed. Kerosene, turpentine or tobacco juice will kill these insects if the wound is bathed with them. The dead insect must be carefully picked out with a blunt needle which has been sterilized in a flame. Use calamine lotion to relieve irritation.
298 For a bad bruise, apply a piece of folded lint soaked in equal parts of methylated spirits and water, and bandage firmly. Renew this dressing every four hours. Ice is useful as it relieves pain, but does not stop bruise spreading unless applied immediately.
299 A burn caused by dry heat, such as fire, hot metal, or electricity should be treated with strips of lint soaked in a solution of one dessertspoonful of carbonate of soda in a pint of warm water, or a one per cent, solution of picric acid. Keep the dressing moist. An oily dressing such as vaseline, or olive oil may be used if no carbonate of soda is at hand. This applies, of course, to simple burns. For more serious burns the doctor must be sent for immediately. Use the same treatment for scalds.
300 A cut, however small, should be thoroughly cleansed before you try to stop the bleeding. The simplest way is to hold the injured part under cold running water. Broken glass, etc., should be removed if it can be seen. After washing, mild tincture of iodine should be dabbed (not rubbed) freely over the cut and surrounding skin, and a clean dry bandage put on. Sticking plaster or ointment should not be applied.
Printed by Land Newspaper Ltd., 59 Regent St., Sydney, for the Publishers, Invincible Press, Sydney.
Two full sandwiches of wholemeal bread and butter with suitable fillings, two pieces of fruit, and a half pint of milk. That’s the Oslo lunch— approved the world over as a well-balanced meal for growing kiddies. Use “El A Peanut Butter frequently as the sandwich spread and you’ll add valuable extra vitamins including Vitamin B—the nerve and body building element. Give your kiddies die benefits of this *tested and proved lunch every day.
* Scientific tests at Camperdown School proved that children eating this lunch regularly gained weight and were brighter in work and play than children not taking the meal.
, NO MIXING . . . ^ \ NO MESS!
Use the CREAMY CHEESE with zest!