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THE AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD.

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA.

VOLUMES I. & II.

January 1912—January 1915.

ISSUED IN CONNECTION WITH THE

Austral Avian Museum, Foulis Court, Fair Oak, Hampshire, England.

Edited by

GREGORY M. MATHEWS.

London :

WITHER BY & CO. 32C High Holborn.

A 852.1 bX N

LIST OF CONTENTS.

VOLUME I.

PAGE

Notes on Australian Cuckoos    ...    ...    ...    ...    2

Dates of Issue of Lear’s Illustr. Psittacidse ...    ...    23

and Muller’s Nat. Gesch. Land-en Volk ...    ...    24

Additions and Corrections to my Reference List to the

Birds of Australia ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    25

Descriptions of Eggs ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    53

Note on the Coloration of the Head and Neck of the

Australian Cassowary ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    66

Diggles’s New Species of Australian Birds ...    ...    68

Additions and Corrections to my Reference List to the

Birds of Australia    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    73

Additions and Corrections to my Reference List to the

Birds of Australia    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    81

On the Generic Name of the Barn-Owl ...    ...    ...    104

New Generic Names for Australian Birds    ...    ...    105

Additions and Corrections to my Reference List    ...    118

The Geographic Relationships of the Birds of Lord Howe,

Norfolk and the Kermadec Islands    ...    ...    121

On the Generic Names Antigone and Mathewsia ...    ...    122

New Subspecies of New Zealand Birds ...    ...    ...    124

A New Bird for Australia ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    125

A Changed Name ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    125

New Birds ..................... 126

Substitute-Names ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    127

Additional Notes ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    127

A List of the Species of Australian Birds described by

John Gould, with the location of the Type-Specimens 129 New Subspecies of Birds from the Monte Bello Islands ...    181

Additional Species described by Gould from Norfolk, Lord Howe, and Philip Islands ...    ...    ...

XV.    CONTENTS

The Genus-Name Meliphaga ...    ■■■    ■

Additions and Corrections to my Reference List New Genera ...    ...    ...    ...    •••    •

VOLUME II.

Coloration of the Palate and Pharynx    ...    ...

Additions and Corrections to my Reference List Mattingleya inornata (Ramsay)    ...    ...    ...

New Genera and Species ...    ...    ...    •••

Some Interesting Birds in the Vienna Museum ... Notes on Billberg    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Dates of Publication of the “ Coquille ”...    ...

New Generic Names    ...    ...    ...    ...

Additions and Corrections to my Reference List New List of the Birds of Australia    ...    ...

New Species and Subspecies of Australian Birds The Genus-Name Mathewsia    ...    ...    ...

Additions to my List    ...    ...    ...    ...

Geopelia shortridgei    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

New Genera ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Notes on Kermadec Island Birds ...    ...    ...

Plumage Changes    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Notes on the Genus Fregata ....... ...

Additions and Corrections to my List of the Birds Australia    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Notes on some Australian Types    ...    ...

Diggles and His Work    ...    ...    ...    ...

Dates of Vieillot’s Galerie des Oiseaux    ...    ...

THE

AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

VOL. I. No. 1.

ISSUED IN CONNEXION WITH THE

Austrai. Avian Museum, Watfobd, Herts, England Editor

GREGORY M. MATHEWS

Price 1/6 Net

VV1THERBY & CO. 326 High Holeorn London W.C.

January 2nd, 1912.

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THE AUSTRAL A RECORD.

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA.

Vol. 1., No. 1.


January, 2nd, 1912.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

Notes on Australian Cuckoos.. ..    ..    ..    2

Dates of Issue of Lear’s Illustr. PsittaciDj® ..    23

and Muller’s Nat. Gesch. Land-en Volk. ..    24

EDITORIAL NOTE.

While preparing my Reference List to the Birds of Australia (now in the press), I accumulated many notes of great interest regarding matters that need investigation. In that Reference List I have shortly indicated some of these matters, but detailed accounts could not there be introduced. I have therefore decided to publish, at irregular intervals, such notes as I deem necessary to require immediate attention and referring to birds which either have been already treated of in my Birds of Australia or will not be dealt with in the immediate future. In this place it is proposed to indicate new forms, notes on nomenclature and any other interesting matter relating to the Australian avifauna.

Ag5^(fc?x A

NOTES ON AUSTRALIAN CUCKOOS.

I have been long interested in the forms and nomenclature of Australian Cuckoos, and have already published some notes regarding the latter (Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIII., p. 16, 1911). Since then I have gone more fully into this matter, and find that a general revision is necessary both as regards the generic and specific names and the forms recognisable. I herewith attempt such a revision, with the hope that criticism and co-operation will later enable me to deal more completely with the problems here indicated.

In the Australian Museum Special Catalogue No. I., Vol. III., A. J. North recently dealt with this group, and the facts as I read them, unfortunately compel me to differ from his conclusions.

Firstly, to deal with the generic names : In my Handlist I admitted as genera Cuculus, Cacomantis, Mesocalius, Chalcococcyx, and Eudynamis. I do not propose here to touch upon the aberrant forms Scythrops and Centropus. North did not review the whole of the species admitted as Australian, but only wrote upon those that interested him from an oological point of view. He did not discuss the generic status, though entering into details regarding specific names.

I recognised two species as referable to the genus Cuculus and three to Cacomantis. Upon comparison I could not separate the members of the latter genus save by slight difference in size and coloration, which I do not consider to be generic characters. It will be noted that a species which, following the Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., I classed in Cuculus, was considered by that most accurate ornithologist Count Salvadori, to be a member of the genus Cacomantis, and for it alone a genus Heteroscenes had been instituted by Cabanis (Mus. Hein., Vol. IV., p. 26, 1862). When a connecting link exists, so that the limits of a colour genus cannot even be maintained, I feel justified in advocating its rejection. Moreover in the genus Cacomantis the

members differ quite as much among themselves as from other species which are classed in Cuculus. I am therefore referring the Australian species hitherto classed in Cacomantis to the genus Cuculus.

In my Handlist I accepted the genus Mesocalius and species palliolatus Latham.

This is an interesting case and the facts are simple : In the Mus. Hein., Cabanis proposed numerous new genera without giving diagnostic features, simply relying upon the species named. On p. 10 he gave :

Gen. Misocalius Nob.

Chalcites Gould, 184? and Bp., 1854 (nec Less, 1831).

M. palliolatus Nob.

Cuculus palliolatus Lath.

and then included in its synonymy Chalcites osculans, Gould (Proc. Zool. Soc. [Lond.j, 1847, p. 32). As no other species was included, the type of Misocalius (by monotypy) must be regarded as Cuculus palliolatus, Lath. This species is indeterminable (at present) and therefore I conclude the genus name must be rejected. It may be argued that Cabanis founded his genus on Chalcites osculans Gould, which he identified with Latham’s account of his Cuculus palliolatus, and that therefore the genus name Misocalius should be retained for the Chalcites osculans Gould. The only logical conclusion is however, that inasmuch as Cabanis based his genus on Latham’s Cuculus palliolatus without giving a generic diagnosis, there is no valid reason for accepting the generic name for a bird he deemed synonymous. I consider the safest course in this case is to ignore Misocalius and, therefore, propose the new generic name

OWENAVIS

for Chalcites osculans Gould, of which genus it is the type and only species.

For the Bronze Cuckoos I employed Chalcococcyx, following the Handlist of Birds, whereas North has used Lamprococcyx.

The history of the generic names of the Bronze Cuckoos is worthy of record.

In the Isis, 1826, p. 977, Boie proposed Chrysococcyx for Cuculus cupreus Lath., u.a. Whatever the limits of Boie’s genus may have been, the type of the genus by monotypy is Cuculus cupreus Latham. In the Cat. Birds Brit. Mils., Vol. XIX., p. 280, the type of Chrysococcyx is given as C. cupreus, but there C. cupreus is used as of Boddaert. Boddaert’s C. cupreus is a different bird from Latham’s C. cupreus, the latter being the bird later named C. smaragdineus by Swainson (Birds West Africa, p. 191, 1837). Consequently the type of Chrysococcyx Boie is C. cupreus Latham (nec Boddaert) = C. smaragdineus Swainson. Recently Reichenow (Ornith. Monatsb., p. 54, 1896), overlooking the difference between Latham’s C. cupreus and Boddaert’s C. cupreus, proposed for the former ( = C. smaragdineus Swainson) the new generic name Metallococcyx. This has been recognised, but it must fall as an absolute synonym of Chrysococcyx.

In the Traite d’Ornith., Lesson proposed a race name Chalcites (p. 152, 1830) for the Shining Cuckoos. This name has often been used in connection with the Australian Bronze Cuckoos, inasmuch as the bird called Cuculus chalcites by Temminck and included by Lesson, was supposed to be a young bird belonging to this group.

However, Chalcites was only proposed by Lesson as a race-name, and therefore it is inadmissible as a generic name from that introduction. I base this conclusion upon Article 2 of the Code which reads : “ The scientific designation of animals is uninominal for subgenera and all higher groups, binominal for species and trinominal for subspecies.”

This forbids the recognition of sectional and race-names of a value intermediate between species and subgenera. That Lesson’s race-names must be ignored is certain, inasmuch as Lesson used genera, subgenera, and races : thus he would divide his genus into subgenera for which he gave Latin alternative names scarcely without

exception, and then oftimes subdivide a large subgenus into races for which he rarely proposed Latin names, though occasionally quoting the Latin names which other authors had introduced as genera, which genera he had degraded to races.

The first introduction of Chalcites, in a generic sense, I can trace is that by Swainson (Classif. Birds, Vol.

II., p. 322, 1837) when two species only are named— C. auratus and vaillantii. As the latter at this time was a nude name only, the type of Chalcites by monotypy must be C. auratus, which is a synonym of C. cupreus Boddaert. Therefore Chalcites Swainson, 1837, becomes an absolute synonym of Lampromorpha Vigors, 1831, which is the next name to be considered.

Lampromorpha was introduced by Vigors (Proc. Zool. Soc. [Lond.], 1831, p. 92) in connection with the new species Lampromorpha chalcopepla. Inasmuch as this is the only species named, it must be accepted, by monotypy, as the type of the genus. Lampromorpha. A footnote at the place quoted reads : “ A group including the Shining Cuckoos of Africa, India, and New Holland, indicated in the Transactions of the Linnean Society, Vol. XV., p. 300, Mr. Vigors expressed his belief of having lately seen a name attached to this group by some modern author ; but he could not call to his recollection the work in which it occurred.” At the place given Vigors and Horsfield, treating of Australian birds, diagnosed a section, and under the first species named Cuculus variolosus, wrote : “ There are six or seven species of Cuculus belonging to Australia and Africa, which form part of the same section of the group, and which differ from the bird before us only in their colours being bright and metallic ...” The other species included are C. lucidus and C. metallicus. The species C. variolosus is now considered a member of the group Cacomantis.

Therefore, if the African Cuckoos are divisible into two groups, Chrysococcyx Boie must be used for the C. smaragdineus Swainson group, and Lampromorpha

B

Vigors for the G. cupreus Boddaert group, as Larnpro-morpha chalcopepla Vigors is a synonym of this latter species.

In the List Genera Birds, 1840, p. 57, Gray correctly indicated C. cupreus Lath, as the type of Chrysococcyx Boie, with which he synonvmised Chalcites Less, and Lampromorpha Vigors.

In the Consp. Vol. Zygod, p. 7, 1854, Bonaparte used Chalcites Less, for osculans, hasalis ( = chalcites), and lucidus, Chrysococcyx Boie for African Bronze Cuckoos, Lampromorpha Vig. for plagosus and xanthorhynchus. It would appear that Bonaparte placed either lucidus or plagosus without knowing them, as they never can be separated generically, however much genus-splitting may be done.

In the Cat. Gen. Subgen. Birds, p. 96, 1855, Gray included

Chrysococcyx as noted above in 1840, and added

-? Chalcites Pr. B., 1854, nec Less., C. osculans Gould,

-? Lampromorpha Pr. B., 1854, nec Vig., C. plagosus

Lath.

The next attempt to deal with Cuckoos was that by Cabanis in the Mus. Hein., Vol. IV., 1862. On p. 8, Chrysococcyx is properly restricted to C. smaragdineus, as synonyms being given Chalcites Less., 1831, and Lampromorpha Vigors, 1831. On p. 11, Lamprococcyx is introduced for the group noted above by Gray as Lampromorpha Bp., 1854 (nec Vig., 1831), and therein included L. cupreus ( = cupreus Boddaert), L. Iclaasi, hasalis, and lucidus (inc. plagosus). Gray had indicated, as type of his unnamed group, C. plagosus, and as Cabanis considered that synonymous with C. lucidus, he (Cabanis) designated the latter species as type of his new group.

In the Orn. Papuasia e Mol., Vol. I., 1880, Salvadori very thoroughly worked through the Papuasian Cuckoos, and therein recognised Lamprococcyx with type L. lucidus as available for the Austral-Malavan Bronze Cuckoos. In the Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., Vol. XIX.,

Shelley monographed the Cuckoos and belittling or disregarding Count Salvadori’s painstaking work, enveloped these birds in almost hopeless confusion. The nomenclature there adopted was followed in the Handlist of Birds and by myself, and is responsible to some extent for the numerous changes now necessary.

In that place, for the Australian Bronze Cuckoos Chal-cococcyx was utilised, while Lamprococcyx was synony-mised with Chrysococcyx, C. cupreus Boddaert being given as type of both. Chalcococcyx was proposed by Cabanis (Mus. Hein., Vol. IV., p. 15, 1862) for the species C. xantkorhynchus Horsfield alone, and if any genus-splitting whatever has to be done, that species cannot be classed with the Austral-Malayan Bronze Cuckoos.

North was quite right in using Lcimprococcyx for the Australian Shining Cuckoos, but if it is necessary to use generic names for small natural groups then the basalis group should also be differentiated. I therefore propose

Neochalcites

for this genus of Shining Cuckoos, and name C. basalis mellori, subsp n., as type.

I consider that all the preceding Bronze Cuckoos should be regarded as constituting one genus, viewing genera as being based on structural characters. As however, at the present time, it seems to be the rule to recognise colour-genera I herewith offer some observations on the plumages of these Bronze Cuckoo group types :

Chrysococcyx smaragdineus (Swainson), the type of Chrysococcyx Boie, has the adult male brilliant green above, the feathers having a most beautiful metallic scale-like appearance, which suggested Reichenow’s generic name of Metallococcyx. This is also the colour and nature of the throat and upper-breast, while the lower-breast and abdomen are uniform cream-colour. The adult female lacks the brilliant upper-surface coloration, being dull green, and has all the under-surface

B 2

whitish, heavily cross-barred with short, narrow, green bars. This is the plumage of the young.

Chrysococcyx cupreus (Boddaert), the type of Lampro-morpha Vigors, has the adult male bronze-green above and the under surface pure white save for a few green crossbars on the abdomen and under tail-coverts. The adult female has the throat and upper-breast heavily spotted and the abdomen cross-barred with dull green, while the upper-surface is duller. The young have the dull upper-surface of the female and the throat and upper-breast spotted, while the abdomen barring is not so pronounced.

Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus (Horsfield), the type of Chalcococcyx Cabanis, has the adult male brilliant purple above, the throat and upper-breast of the same colour, the lower-breast and abdomen white with purple crossbars. The bill is horn-white and consequently a most striking feature. The adult female is dull bronze-green above, closely cross-barred underneath from chin to vent with dull green bars, and this is also the plumage of the young.

Chrysococcyx lucidus (Gmelin), the type of Lampro-coccyx Cabanis, has the sexes alike, brilliant bronze-green above and closely cross-barred from chin to vent underneath with bronze-green bars. I have not seen very juvenile specimens of this species, but other writers conclude they are similar to the adult.

Chrysococcyx basalis mellori subsp. n., the type of Neochalcites, has the sexes alike ; the upper-surface has only a bronze sheen, while the throat is indistinctly striped longitudinally with dull green, the breast and abdomen barred with distant dull green bars. The young, when they leave the nest, have little of the bronze upper-coloration above, but have the under-surface unspotted and unbarred. This must certainly justify the separation of these birds, under the generic Neochalcites, if colour-genera are recognisable. As, at the present time, I only use genera based on structural characters, I can do no

other than refer all these Austral-Malayan species to Chrysococcyx.

The genus Eudynamys I use for the Koel as almost universally admitted, but I am not sure as to its having priority over Dynamene. I am now working up this matter, and so far everything points to the latter being the correct name. The Tahitian Longtailed Cuckoo E. taitensis (Sparrman) has been placed in a genus Urodynamis by Salvadori (Orn. Papuasia e Mol., Vol. I., p. 370, 1880), but as this is admittedly only a colour-genus, I do not accept it. This bird is included in the Australian avifauna through its occurrence on Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands.

To treat now of the forms of Cuckoos inhabiting Australia in the order in which they appear in my Handlist :

Page 57. Species 404 is there called Cuculus saturatus Hodgson, which name was used to replace Cuculus intermedius Vahl. of the Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., Vol. XIX., p. 252. The races of Cuculus canorus Linné are difficult to determine, and as the material at my disposal does not warrant me in still accepting C. saturatus, from a study of the original description, I am reverting to the name proposed by Gould, C. optatus. A name, given by S. Muller, C. canoroides, may be applicable, but in the present uncertain state of the nomenclature of the species, I am using the name certainly available as it was given to the Australian form. Dr. Hartert is now working upon these puzzling birds for his Vogel der palaarktischen Fauna, and when the results of his studies are published I shall be able to make a more positive decision. I am tentatively referring to the Australian form as Cuculus canorus optatus Gould. In the Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., Vol. II., p. 205, 1876, Ramsay notes that Diggles had described a Cuculus brisbanensis which from the description he identified as the young of Cuculus optatus Gould = C. canoroides Müller. The original description by Diggles I have been unable to trace, and I would be glad if anyone,

who has met with it would advise me when and where it was published.

In my Handlist , Species 405 is called Cuculus inornatus Vigors and Horsfield, following North's note on this subject in the Ibis (1906). Since then I have pointed out (Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIII., p. 16, 1911) that Latham’s name of C. pallidas must be resumed.

With an extensive series in front of me I am able to recognise an Eastern and Western form, the name of the latter being C. p. occidentalis (Heine) (Mus. Hein., Vol. III., p. 27, 1862). Examination of this series points to two items of interest. From the dates I would conclude they only make short internal migrations, as I have them from the same district from August to March in the south and from May onwards in the north but have also specimens killed in May and July in the south-west. This is a matter which I would like to see Australian field-ornithologists take up, and by co-operation determine the times and routes of migration.

The other item is the plumage of the female. I had assumed, as most other writers have, that the adult female was like the adult male. I have not got a female in fully-adult male plumage, and all my apparently fully-adult breeding females have the upper-surface mottled to a greater or less extent : the head, nape, mantle, and wing-coverts may be described as dark brown, streaked with buffy-red—in one specimen, perhaps the most aged, the head is almost uniform : the undersurface is always indistinctly mottled towards the abdomen. From my series I can only conclude that the female is never absolutely uniform above and below, like the male.

This is the species for which Cabanis (Mus. Hein., IV., p. 26, 1862) proposed the genus Heteroscenes, and which Salvadori classed in Cacomantis, and Shelley in the genus Cuculus.

I have indicated (Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIII., p. 16, 1911) the rejection of Cuculus flabelliformis Latham as

regards the Australian Cacomantis group, and shown that Sylvia rubricata Latham was founded on the species at one time known by that specific name, and more recently, following North (Ibis, 1900, p. 53), as in my Handlist, by Vieillot’s name of C. rufulus. In his latest work North has reverted to the old nomenclature, but that is certainly untenable. North writes : “ Latham’s descriptions of birds, only taken from drawings and without access to specimens, should be discarded, for it would be impossible to tell in many instances for what species they were intended, unless he had indicated to which they were applied in his General Synopsis of Birds.”

This sentence deserves notice as it suggests the rejection of almost all the names given by Latham to Australian birds in the Supplement to the Index Orn. I have just jotted down the chief names and find that seventy of the best-known specific names are involved in this tremendous upheaval, and of course no further consideration can be given to such a proposition. It should also be remarked that the birds were fully described in English in the General Synopsis, and only a short Latin diagnosis based on that description given in the Index Orn. Supplement. From North’s sentence given above this is not made clear, but almost the contrary suggested. To advocate the elimination of some seventy well-established specific names because there has been confusion concerning some half-dozen of them, seems rash, and I cannot understand the reasoning that produced such a proposition.

Examination of my own series proves this bird to be only a partial migrant and apparently local in its movements.

I find that the North Queensland birds differ from typical New South Wales birds in being smaller and darker in colour above and deeper below, and name this subspecies :

Cuculus rubricatus athertoni, subsp. n., type no. 9333, Atherton, North Queensland.

On the other hand South-west Australian birds differ from typical New South Wales birds in being smaller : average wing measurement 138 against average wing measurement 144 mm. ; also in being paler above and below. For these I propose the name—

CtTCTJLTJS RUBRICATUS ALBANI, subsp. n.,

type no. 1410, Albany, South-west Australia.

These differences are constant, and I have birds killed in every month of the year, but, as in the preceding case, co-operation must be used in order to define the migratory movements that take place.

In the Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., Vol. XIX., p. 266, 1891, Ciiculus pyrrophanus Vieillot (Nouv. Diet. Hist. Nat., Vol. VIIT.-, p. 234, 1817) is included in the synonymy of the preceding species, but a careful criticism shows it to refer to the species represented in East Australia by C. variolosus Vigors and Horsfield. Though it is stated in the original description to have come from Nouvelle Hollande, Pucheran (Rev. Mag. Zool., 1852, p. 560) stated that the birds wrere collected in Java. I am accepting this statement and retaining the Australian name C. variolosus for the Australian bird, but must use C. pyrrophanus a,s the species name. North has correctly pointed out that Gould’s C. insperatus was given to a New South Wales specimen of this bird and therefore inapplicable to a New Guinea species as used by Shelley in the Cat. Birds Brit. Mus. North has, however, erred in suppressing Gould’s C. dumetorum upon examination of a few specimens. He showed that Gould’s measurements were all at fault, viz. 5 in. for the wing in one case and 6), in. in the other, though there is only the slightest difference in that measurement between the birds, according to North himself, one-tenth of an inch. It does not seem to be commonly known that as regards Australian birds, Gould apparently simply wrote down measurements approximately, and as far as I can judge, with many of Gould's specimens before me, without using a measure at all. It is well known

that different workers have had different methods of measurement, but I cannot in many instances reconcile Gould’s figures in any manner with Gould’s specimens.

Gould’s C. dumetorum (Proc. Zool. Soc. [Lond.], 1845, p. 19) was given to a bird from Port Essington, and can be used for the North-west Australian bird. With many specimens before me it is an easily recognisable form. I have not seen any extra-Australian specimens which can be confused with either C. dumetorum or C. variolosus, therefore C. tymbonomus Miiller can be neglected as far as Australian forms are concerned.

North’s reasons for rejecting C. palliolatus Latham are sound, and it is interesting that Gould (Handb. B. Austr., Vol. I., p. 622, 1865) wrote : “'That this bird (C. osculans) is not identical with the Cuculus palliolatus of Latham, as supposed by M.M. Cabanis, and Heine, is, in my opinion, quite certain : Latham s description does not agree with, it in .any particular ”...

The italics are mine. Apparently this definite statement has been simply ignored but never refuted, as it is absolutely true.

Gould described his Chalcites osculans from the interior of New South Wales, and comparison of eastern specimens with a nice series from North-western Australia, shows the latter to be easily separable by their smaller size and paler coloration above and below. These I name :

OwENAVIS OSCULANS ROGERSI, subsp. n.,

type no. 8385, Parry's Creek, North-west Australia.

The species of Chrysococcyx are not so easily disposed of.

Cuculus basalis was described by Horsfield (Trans. Linn. Soc. [Lond], Vol. XIII., p. 179, 1821) from Java. This name has till recently been used for the Australian birds, but with the type, which is almost beyond comparison, and typical specimens before me, I am able to separate the Australian form, and moreover can indicate two forms as being confined to Australia. For the East Australian form, which differs from Chrysococcyx basalis

basalis in its darker upper-coloration and larger size, I propose the name :

Chrysococcyx basalis mellori, subsp. n.,

type no. 9683, Eyre’s Peninsula, South Australia.

For the West Australian form, which can be separated from C. b. mellori by its smaller size and duller upper-coloration, and from C. b. basalis by being larger and darker, intermediate between the latter and C. b. mellori, I introduce the name :

Chrysococcyx basalis wyndhami, subsp. n.,

type no. 8662, Point Torment, North-west Australia.

The wing measurements of these three sub-species are : C. b. basalis 90 ; C. b. mellori 107 ; C. b. wyndhami, 101 mm.

My series leads me to suggest that these birds only make internal migrations. A bird killed on November 4th at Parry’s Creek is washed out, faded and sandy, looking exactly as if it had been living in a desert. On the head a few bronze feathers are showing, one or two on the wings and two new bronze tail-feathers are half-grown. A bird killed a week later has its plumage fully new bronze-coloured, exactly the same colour as in the new feathers in the former bird. Upon examination I found that birds killed in May in the same district were all in worn plumage, but not to the same state as the first-mentioned bird. I can consequently only conclude that these birds go inland from May to November, and that they moult into their spring plumage generally before returning to the coast.

North states that this species “ is a permanent resident throughout the year in the neighbourhood of Sydney.” It will be thus noted that this bird has probably different habits, as to migration, in different parts of Australia, and consequently there is a wide field for research in this respect.

Two points with regard to the nomenclature of this species require remark.

Temminck and Laugier in their PL Col. d’Ois., 17e livr., Vol. I., PI. 102, Fig. 2, 1824, figured a bird which they named Cuculus chalcites, a MS. name of Illiger, with terra-typica L’Oceanie.

This bird is undoubtedly the young of this species but it is impossible to definitely apply it to any race. In order to finally dispose of this name I designate as type locality of Cuculus chalcites Temminck and Laugier, Java.

The other name is Lamprococcyx modesta Higgles. This is mentioned by Ramsay (Proc. Linn. Soc.

N.S.W., Vol. II., p. 205, 1876) as known to him only by description and apparently given to the young of

L. basalis. I have asked for information regarding Cuculus brisbanensis Diggles, and I suppose this was named at the same time.

Chrysococcyx lucidus (Gmelin) is the common Bronze Cuckoo of New Zealand, and has been recorded from the east coast of Australia.

North states that he has seen three specimens from Australia, one collected at Cape York and the other two, both adult females, from the neighbourhood of Sydney.

An account of this bird in New Zealand is given in the Emu, Vol. XI., 1911, and a footnote to p. 67 reads : “ The expedition which the British Ornithologists’ L’nion lately despatched to the Charles Louis Mountains, in Dutch New Guinea, will probably confirm this supposition.—J. McL.” This refers to the wintering of C. lucidus in New Guinea. The B.O.U. Expedition did not meet with this species, and its winter quarters are not yet known.

A second footnote reads : “It possibly comes down the north-eastern coast of Australia, before diverging towards New Zealand. The Expedition of the R.A.O.U. observed these Bronze Cuckoos on the Capricorn Islands at the southern end of the Great Barrier Reef, October, 1910.—Emu, Vol. X., p. 197 : Eds.”

Through the kindness of Capt. S. A. White, I have been enabled to examine one of the specimens then

DiAMM UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

obtained, and there can be no doubt it is a genuine C. lucidus. I have another specimen with only Queensland as the locality, and these two are the only true C. lucidus I have seen from localities outside New Zealand. At the present time the wintering of C. lucidus is one of the puzzles of Australasian ornithology.

The bird from New Caledonia has been variously named C. lucidus and C. plagosus, by writers using the British Museum material. I have carefully examined this series and cannot agree with either of the above identifications.

Five specimens, three males and two females, killed in August, September, and November, all agree in their coloration. They resemble C. plagosus in their upper-coloration in having a purplish head, bronze-green upper-coloration—but the head is duller and the bronze-green is duller. The bill is long and thick, quite unlike that of C. plagosus. There is no white in front or above the eye and the ear-coverts are purple. As the throat is almost unbarred, the bird appears to have a distinct • purple cap. The crossbarring of the under-surface is purplish-green and distinct, quite unlike the close bronze barring of C. plagosus. For this species I propose the name of :

Chrysococcyx layardi, sp. n., type in the British Museum.

A specimen from the Solomon Islands ( J September) agrees closely, but has the abdomen - barring more prominent. Another specimen from New Britain ( cf June) resembles this species, but has the head darker purple, the purple extending down on to the back, while the throat is crossbarred with purplish-brown and the abdomen has broad purple-bronze crossbars.

A specimen killed in New Caledonia (    26.4.77)

resembles C. lucidus in its upper-coloration, but has a narrower, shorter bill, and the under-surface is indistinctly marked with narrow, bronze bars closely set together, quite unlike any specimen of C. lucidus I have seen.

I suppose that this may be the immature plumage of Chrysococcyx layardi.

Whether Cuculus plagosus should be considered a subspecies of Cuculus lucidus or not, is a question I am at the moment unable to answer. At present I recognise three subspecies of C. plagosus as inhabiting Australia.

At various times C. lucidus has been recorded from Tasmania but Tasmanian specimens I have examined prove to belong to C. plagosus, but differ from the typical New South Wales form in having a much brighter bronze-green upper-coloration showing green on the head, therein approaching C. lucidus ; but still the purple is evident, which is entirely missing in C. lucidus. The bill is moreover the bill of C. plagosus, not of C. lucidus. The barring on the under-surface is also much more close. For this form I propose the name of :

Chrysococcyx plagosus tasmanicus, subsp. n., type no. 4633, Tasmania.

The West Australian specimens differ from typical C. p. plagosus in almost exactly the opposite manner, being duller above, much less bronze, and less barring underneath. I differentiate these as :

Chrysococcyx plagosus carteri, subsp. n.,

type no. 1465, Broome Hill, South-west Australia.

The migratory movements of the species from the East coast seem to be short, as I have them from most months in the year.

Sylvia versicolor Latham (Index Ornith. Suppl., p. lxi., 1801) has been included in the synonymy of this species, but examination of the type drawing reveals no reason whatever for such attachment and I reject it.

The little, and little known Austral-Malayan Bronze Cuckoos are very perplexing and I have to differ in toto with North’s treatment of them. North recognises L. malayanus and in its synonymy includes L. minu-tillus Gould, and notes :    “ Captain Shelley includes

Gould’s types of Lamprococcyx russatus from Cape York

under Gray’s name of L. poecilurus, but the only adult specimen in the Australian Museum collection from that locality has the forehead and feathers over and behind the eye with distinctly whitish mottlings, and is a typical

L. malayanus . . . Moreover Lamprococcyx russatus, which Dr. Ramsay records from Cape York to Port Denison, is, I am sure, only the young bird of L. malayanus .    .    . Both specimens under this name in the

Reference Collection are from Rockingham Bay, where Lamprococcyx malayanus is the common species.” North concludes L. malayanus ranges from Port Essington to Port Denison, Queensland.

The type of Cuculus malayanus Raffles (Trans. Linn. Soc. [Lond.], Vol. XIII., p. 286, 1821) is not now in existence, but the description reads :

“ This species has some affinity to the C. lucidus. It is about seven inches in length ; brown above, with a greenish gloss, particularly on the scapulars. The whole under-parts are transversely barred with white and brown undulations. The wings are long, extending to about the middle of the tail ; the coverts edged with ferruginous. The tail consists of ten feathers, of which the upper are greenish-brown, and the lower barred with brown, black and white. The bill is somewhat compressed at the base, and the nostrils are prominent. There is a row of white dots above the eyes.

“ Native of the Malay Peninsula.”

This description is not applicable to the birds Shelley included under this name in the Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., and certainly seems to have been drawn up from a specimen of C. basalis as Salvadori suggested. The upper-coloration as well as the lower-surface barring indicate that species, while the form of the bill is almost diagnostic of that species. The description of the tail does not mention any russet : but then Raffles was not an ornithologist, as can be seen from his method of describing the tail. C. basalis has a white stripe over the eye, which might appear in some skins like a row of white dots.

The Malayan birds included by Shelley are like C. lucidus Cmelin, but it must be remembered that when Raffles wrote all Bronze Cuckoos were more or less known as C. lucidus. Until very recent times the true C. lucidus Gmelin was not correctly known, so that Raffles’s allusion to C. lucidus is of no value.

Shelley’s C. malayanus have the upper-coloration deep green-bronze throughout and the inner webs whitish. By no means could they be identified with Raffles’s C. malayanus and I suggest the acceptance of Salvadori’s action and place this name with a “ ? ” in the synonymy of C. basalis Horsfield In the Handl. Gen. Species Birds B.M., Pt. II., p. 218, 1870, Gray unhesitatingly included malayanus Raffles in the synonymy of C. basalis Horsfield, perhaps from examination of the type itself. At any rate, even if it were acceptable for the Malayan birds, it could not be used for Australian ones, as these differ altogether. .

C. minutillus Gould approaches the Malayan birds described by Shelley in the Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., but differs in having little mottling on the forehead, more green coloration, and in its entirely different pattern of tail-coloration. In addition to the type, I have examined two specimens in my collection from Parry’s Creek, North-west Australia, which agree generally, but have the upper-coloration darker green with the head tinged with purplish, and have much closer barring on the under-surface. Though I have criticised a series of these so-called C. malayanus from various of the East Indian Islands, I have seen none absolutely agreeing with these specimens. C. minutillus Gould, must be retained in the Australian List.

C. russatus Gould was described from Cape York, and I have examined three of Gould’s specimens from that locality, marked as types, in the British Museum. These cannot be confused with C. minutillus in any way, inasmuch as they belong to the basalis group, while C. minutillus is referable to the lucidus group. There is

no russet on the tail of C. minutillus or the so-called C. malayanus, whereas C. russatus has every feather very russet, even more pronounced than in the tail of C. basalis.

Shelley’s reference of C. russatus to C. pcecilurus Gray, was certainly near the mark, as the Cape York birds agree in the main with that species. They differ however in their lighter upper-coloration and in the under-surface having less barring, and in the presence of the russet on the sides of the neck. All the Cape York birds have this russet on the breast, in some cases extending across as a band, while in the type of C. 'pcecilurus and other specimens from near the type-locality which I refer to C. pcecilurus there is no indication of this russet coloration. At present I am unable to feel myself justified in referring G. russatus subspecifically to C. pcecilurus.

I am convinced that these Bronze Cuckoos are very local and do not perform long migrations, and here describe a new form from Dawson River, Queensland, which I cannot refer to any known species and have therefore to call it :

Chrysococcyx barnardi, sp. n.

General coloration above, pale green with little bronze coloration ; white eyebrow' ; primaries dark brown ; under-surface white with narrow', green crossbars on the throat and wide bronze bars on the abdomen distant and separate ; inner-wing distantly barred. The outer tail-feathers have the outer web spotted alternately with white and brown, the inner alternately barred with black and white, the latter broader ; the next pair have the outer web uniform bronze-brown, the inner tipped with white followed by a large black spot, then a rusty bar, and this repeated ; the next pair have the same style of coloration, the white spot decreasing ; in the fourth pair the white spot is obsolete and the black diminishing, so that the russet predominates ; the central pair are uniform pale bronze-green.

The bill is very long and narrow, the exposed portion measuring 16 mm. Wing measurement of type 107 mm. Type no. 1464 <$, Coomooboolaroo, Dawson River, Queensland.

This species differs from both the C. plagosus group and the C. basalis group. It approaches the latter in upper-coloration, but is entirely different in the undersurface barring ; the throat is crossbarred whereas in C. basalis it is obscurely longitudinally streaked. It differs from the former in its general coloration and especially in its tail coloration.

As regards Eudynamys I find that the North-western birds are easily separable from the East coast ones by their smaller size, the average wing measurement of the former being 200 mm., of the latter 220 mm. This form I propose to call :

Eudynamys orientalis subcyanocephalus, subsp. n., type no. 1470, Parry’s Creek, North-west Australia.

To conclude, my nomenclature of Australian Cuckoos now reads—

Handlist no.

Cuculus canorus optatus Gould -    -    -    404

,, pallidus pallidus Latham    -    -    405

,,    ,, occidentalis Cabanis    -    -    405

,,    rubricatus rubricai us Latham    -    -    406

,,    ,,    athertoni Mathews    -    -    406

,,    ,,    albani Mathews    -    -    406

,,    pyrrophanus variolosus Vigors    and

Horsfield 407

,,    ,, dumetorum Gould    -    407

,, castaneiventris Gould -    -    -    408

Owenavis osculans osculans Gould    -    -    409

,,    ,, rogersi Mathews    -    -    409

Chrysococcyx basalis mellori Mathews    -    -    410

„    ,, wyndliami Mathews -    410

,,    lucidus Gmelin -    -    -    411

THE

AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

[Vol. I

Clirysococcyx plagosus plagosus Latham -

412

,, tasmanicus Mathews -

412

carteri Mathews -

412

5 5

minutiUus Goukl - - -

413

. ,

russatus Gould - - -

414

barnardi Mathews - - -

Eudynamys

orientalis cyanocephalus Latham

415

,, subcyanocephalus

Mathews

415

55

flindersii Vigors and

Horsfield

415

DATES OF ISSUE OF LEAR’S ILLUSTR. PSITTA-CID.E AND OF THE VERHANDELINGEN OVER DE NATURLIJKE GESCHIEDENIS. : LAND EN VOLKENKUNDE.

I.—Lear’s Illustr. Psittacidæ.

1 have recently procured this work in the parts as originally issued, and as the order of the Plates in these parts disagrees with the order in which they appear in the bound work, I herewith give them as issued :

Part I., dated Nov. 1st, 1830,


„ II., „, Nov. 1st, 1830,


III., ,, Jan. 1st, 1831,


IV., „ Feb. 1st, 1831,


,,    V.,    „ May 1st, 1831,


„ VI., ,, Aug. 1st, 1831,


„ VII., „ Sept. 1st, 1831,


„ VIII., „ Oct. 1st, 1831,


„ IX.,    no date,


Platycercus Stanleyii Palceornis torquatus. Palceornis columboides. Psittacus badiceps. Psittacula swinderniana. Plyctolophus sulphureus. Platycercus pileatus. Platycercus pacificus. Macrocercus hyacinthinus. Palceornis rosaceus. Platycercus broivni. Psittacara patagónica. Plyctoloplius rosaceus. Platycercus unicolor. Platycercus barnardi. Platycercus erythropterus. Psittacara nana. Platycercus baueri. Nanodes undulatus. Plyctolophus leadbeateri. Psittacula kuhlii.

Lorius domicella. Trichoglossus versicolor. Psittacara leptorhyncha. Palceornis novce-hollandice. Palceornis anthopeplus. Trichoglossus rubritorquis. Macrocercus aracanga. Psittacula torguata. Plyctolophus galeritus. Psittacula rubrifrons. Trichoglossus matoni. Platycercus tabuensis.


Psittacwla taranta. Platycercus erythropterus. Macrocercus ararauna. Platycercus stanleyii. Palaeornis cucullatus. Platycercus palliceps. Galyptorhynchus baudinii. Palaeornis melanura. Platycercus pileatus.

Part X.,    no date,

„ XI.,    „

„ XII.,    „


The wrappers of Nos. IX., X., XI. are different in design to those of the other parts. The title page, which was issued in Part XII., is dated “ 1832,” which is the date usually accepted for the whole work. The authorship of the species is usually credited to Vigors, but as no authority for such treatment is evident from the wrappers or the book itself, I prefer to quote them as of Lear.

II.—Verhandl. Nat. Gesch. Land-en Volkenkunde.

The above is the short, abbreviated title under which this work is commonly cited—the author, S. Muller. I have procured a copy of this work in the original wrappers. It is often quoted 1839-44, but of course such a citation at the present time is absurd. Some authors, apparently with access to notes regarding the dates of publication, have given individual years, but I have been unable to trace any account giving individual dates for the whole work. My copy shows it to have been issued in ten parts, the first eight each of thirty-two pages, the ninth of twenty-four, and the last of one hundred and ninety-two pages ; each part is dated with the year only. I have therefore the following information :

Part    I., pp.    1- 32, 1840    Part    VI., pp. 161-192,    1843

„    II., pp.    33- 64, 1840    „    VII., pp. 193-224,    1843

„    III., pp.    65- 96, 1841    „    VIII., pp. 225-256,    1845

„    IV., pp.    97-128, 1841    „    IX., pp. 257-280,    1845

„    V.,    pp.    129-160, 1842    „    X., pp. 281-472,    1847

That this last date is correct is easily proven by internal evidence where reference to 1846 periodicals are given.— See footnotes pp. 328, 397, 404, etc.

THE

AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

VOL. I. No. 2.

ISSUED IN CONNEXION WITH THE

Austral Avian Museum, Watford, Herts, England

Editor

GREGORY M. MATHEWS
Price 1/6 Net

WITHERBY & CO. 32tj High Holborn London W.C.

April 2nd, 1912.

A bx

THE


AUSTRAL

RECORD.


A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA.

Vol. L, No. 2.


April 2nd, 1912.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

Additions ... to my Reference List .    .    25

Descriptions of Eggs......53

Additions and Corrections to my Reference List to the Birds of Australia.

In the Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIII., pp. 171-455, 1912, I put forward a Reference List wherein I gave, to the best of my ability, the original references and the complete synonymy of all the forms I was able to recognise. Through lack of specimens I had to lump localities, though it appeared quite certain many more subspecies would be determinable when material was available.

I have now to propose many new forms, through the acquisition of large collections from Melville Island, South Australia, and Northern Territory. The last-mentioned was that made by Dr. Dahl, and from which Petrophassa rufipennis Collett and Psephotus dissimilis Collett were described. Study of this collection* has enabled me to differentiate many new forms from North-west Australia, which previously I had been compelled to include with Northern Territory subspecies, owing to the absence of typical examples.

Kindly sent on loan, by Professor Collett, of Norway.

A 8551 bx 5

26

My collector, Mr. J. P. Rogers, who is now collecting on Melville Island, lias already forwarded two large collections, and, as was expected, the majority of the birds are clearly different subspecies. As far as I can trace no collector has ever yet worked Melville Island, and the only specimen I can trace as having come from that locality is one mentioned by Gould (Birds of Australia, Vol. VI., PI. 13). The majority of the remaining new forms included in this paper are due to the energy and enterprise of Captain S. A. White, of Fulham, South Australia, who is gratuitously giving up much of his time to the making of collections in many unworked parts of South Australia. These collections will be of the greatest help in working on my Birds of Australia, and the skins so freely given have already proved very valuable in that many of the forms described by Gould, from material collected by Captain S. A. White’s father, have been rediscovered and reinstated as valid subspecies.

5a. Megapodius duperkeyi melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Scrub-Fowl.

Differs from M. d. tumulus in its lighter upper coloration. Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,313. Range, Melville Island.

16a. Coturnix australis melvilllensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Brown Quail.

Differs from C. a. cervina in its smaller size: wing 90 mm. The upper mandible is also more slender.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,724. Range, Melville Island.

16b. Coturnix australis queenslandicus, subsp. n. Queensland Brown Quail.

Differs from C. a. cervina in being decidedly more reddish on the under-surface. It is larger than C. a. melvillensis : wing 96 mm.

Type, Cape York, North Queensland, No. 9,783. Range, Queensland.

27a. Tctrnix castanota melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Chestnut-backed Quail.

Differs from T. c. castanota in its larger size ; the band on the chest is French grey, with the shafts white. The upper surface is more like that part of T. c. magnifica, but the chestnut colour much darker.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,722. Range, Melville Island.

27b. Tctrnix castanota alligator, subsp. n.

Allied Chestnut-backed Quail.

Differs from the above in its smaller size ; fully described (and figured) in my Birds of Australia as Turnix castanota, Vol. I., p. 89, 1910.

Type, South Alligator River, Northern Territory, No. 55.

Range, West Northern Territory.

39a. PtiLINOPUS REGINA MELVILLENSIS, Subsp. n. Melville Island Rose-crowned-Pigeon.

Differs from P. r. ewingii in its paler-coloured head and back, and in having a light grey mantle.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,356» Range, Melville Island.

43a. Myristicivora bicolor melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Nutmeg-Pigeon.

Differs from M. b. spilorrhoa in having the bases of the feathers much more yellow, and a more robust bill.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,704. Range, Melville Island.

Egg, white ; 46.5 mm. by 34. Date, 6.11.11.

50a. Geopelia humeralls apsleyi, subsp. n.

Melville Island Barred-shouldered Dove.

Differs from G. h. inexpectata in being darker above, with a paler forehead and shorter bill.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,368, Range, Melville Island.

51a. Geopelja placida melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Ground-Dove.

Differs from 0. p. placida in its larger size and lighter u pper-coloration.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,374. Range, Melville Island.

59a. Phaps chalcoptera riordani, subsp. n.

Melville Island Bronze-winged Pigeon.

Differs from P. c. consobrina in having a lighter forehead, darker back and more pinkish under-surface.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,376. Range, Melville Island.

66a. Petrophassa albipennis alisteri, subsp. n. Allied White-quilled Rock-Pigeon.

Differs from P. a. albipennis in being dark uniform brown above, altogether lacking the rufous-brown of typical birds.

Type Napier Broome Bay, North-west Australia, No. 5,632.

Range, North-west Australia.

Note.—Gould described P. a. albipennis as “ all the upper surface, chest and tail rufous brown.” Birds agreeing with Gould’s description come from about Wyndham, and as Gould said his type came from Western Australia, I designate Wyndham as the type-locality. Birds from the Victoria River in the Northern Territory agree with those from Wyndham.

69a. Geophaps smithi blaaijwi, subsp. n.

Western Naked-eyed Partridge-Pigeon.

Differs from G. s. smithi in its lighter upper-coloration, and in the colour of the naked eye-space being yellow, not scarlet.

Type, Napier Broome Bay, North-west Australia, No. 5,634.

In my Reference List, p. 190, I indicated Northwest Australia as the type-locality of G. smithi. Having received birds from the Northern Territory which have the naked eye-space scarlet, I now designate Northern Territory as the type-locality. The type was described as having the eye-space “ deep crimson-red.”

69b. Geophaps smithi Cecil.®, subsp. n.

Melville Island Naked-eyed Partridge-Pigeon.

Differs from G. s. smithi in being lighter above and in having the upper-breast suffused with pink, and the dark stripe below the eye lighter.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,381. Range, Melville Island.

84a. Eulabeornis castaneoventris melvilli, subsp. n. Melville Island Rail.

Differs from E. c. rogersi in its darker colour on the back, head, and under-parts.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,312. Range, Melville Island.

Eggs white, covered all over with red and lavender spots ; 51.5 to 54 mm. by 36.5. Date, 6.11.11.

102a. Porphyrio melanotus woodwardi, subsp. n. Allied Blue Bald Coot.

Differs from P. m. bellus, in the colour of the throat being less green, the legs being red, and in its much smaller size : wing 271 mm.

Type, Mongers Lake, West Australia, No. 10,260. Range, West Australia.

The type of P. m. bellus came from Albany, West Australia.

p. 197 : The correct names should read—

No. 107. Podiceps ruficollis novce-hollandiee.

,, 108. Podiceps ruficollis carterce.

,, 109. Podiceps ruficollis parryi.

The oldest name for the species being P. ruficollis Vroeg. In Notes from the Leyden Museum, Vol. XXXIV., p. 66,

1911, Dr. Van Oort reports the recognition of a copy of Vroeg’s Catalogue* in the Library of the Royal Zoological Society of Amsterdam, and, pointing out that the same names usually appear in the body of the Catalogue as are used in the Adumbratiuncula, suggests the rejection of the whole on the ground of anonymity. Moreover, he indicates that the names used in the Adumbratiuncula, and which have been exploited by Sherborn and Richmond (Smithsonian Miscell. Collect. (Quarterly Issue), Vol. 47, pp. 332-347, 1905), are preoccupied by the names in the body of the Catalogue. I have had a copy of Vroeg’s Catalogue in my possession for the last eighteen months, and I find that the majority of the names in the body are nude, so that they do not preoccupy the names in the Adumbratiuncula. and they cannot be rejected on the score of anonymity, as Vroeg’s name appears on the title-page.

132a. Pterodroma macroptera albani, subsp. n.

Western Great-winged Petrel.

Differs from P. to. gouldi in its smaller wing, about 310 mm.

Type, Rabbit Island, South-west Australia, No. 9,031.

Range, South-west Australia.

177a. Lartts nov^e-hollandije etiiel^e, subsp. n.

Southern Silver Gull.

Differs from L. n. novce-hollandice in its longer wing (312 mm.). Typical birds have a wing 300 mm.

Type, Kangaroo Island, South Australia, No. 10,186.

Range, South Australia.

209a. Charadrius cucullatus torbayi, subsp. n.

Allied Hooded Dottrel.

Differs from C. c. tregellasi in having the back and scapulars black.

Type, Torbay, South-west Australia, No. 10,465.

Range, South-west Australia.

* Three copies of this work are known, one in the library of the Linnean Society, London, one in the Leyden Museum, and a third in my library at Watford.

214a. Cladorhynchus leucocephalus rottnesti, subsp. n.

Western Banded Stilt.

Differs from C. 1. leucocephalus in having the wings black.

Type, Rottnest Island, West Australia, No. 4,452.

Range, West Australia.

Genus—LIMIGOLA.

Limicola Koch, Syst. baier. Zook, p. 316, 1816.

Type (by monotypy), L. falcinellus Briinnich.

233a. Limicola pai.cinellus sibirica.

Limicola sibirica Dresser, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.), 1876, p. 674, Siberia.

Eastern Broad-billed Sandpiper.

Range, North-west Australia. Extralimital.

In the Tring Museum is a female specimen of this bird obtained by J. P. Rogers at Broome, North-west Australia, on October 16th, 1903.

Investigation as to the name to be used for this bird, commonly called Limicola platyrhijncha Temminck, of which this is the first record for Australia, shows much of interest.

Dresser, at the place given, separated the eastern form and noted : “It differs in the summer plumage in having the feathers on the crown and entire upper parts very broadly margined with bright rufous, so as to give this colour extreme prominence,” contrasting with the typical form, in which “ the general colouration of the upper parts is black, the margins to the feathers being narrow and white or ochreous white, and the crown is very dark,” also remarking that “ the eastern bird has the wing and tarsus rather longer,” and that “ in the winter plumage the eastern one appears to be a trifle paler than the European bird.” Upon making comparisons I find the Eastern form to be so distinct that I cannot understand

the lumping of the two forms in the Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum, Vol. XXIV. Further research indicates the name to be accepted for the species is not platyrhyncha Temminck, but falcinellus Pontoppidan or Briinnich.

In theNaturhist. Dannemark.p. 170,1763, Pontoppidan has : “Scolopax falcinellus. Ryle oder Domschnepfe mit einem flachen und am Ende niedergebeugten Schnabel.

S. Tab. XIII.”

The figure is very crude and shows simply a Sandpiperlike bird with a curved bill. The few words given by Pontoppidan are diagnostic of this species ; if, however, this description is considered insufficient, then Briinnich must be cited as the authority, as in the Ornith. Boreal, p. 49, 1764, we have the following beautiful description :

“ Scolopax || falcinellus, rostro depresso, apicibus decur-vatis, corpore fusco lituris luteis, rectricibus cinereis apice albis, intermediis nigris immaculatis.

“ Pontopp. atl. dan. I., t. 26, fig. 4, Siaelandis,

“ Ryle, Domsneppe Descr. Rostro infra nares depresso, planiusculo, apicibus decurvatis, caput, collum, dorsumque fusca lituris luteis, alae cinereae, remiges primores nigri-cantes, tectrices harum apicibus albis, secundariae cinereae, a latere exteriori versus apicem ad rachin usque incisae ; posticae longiores margine ferrugineo ; apicibus albis, intermediae nigrae immaculatae ; tectrices caudae superiors ex albo nigroque variae. E. Siaelandia.

“ Ob rostrum, capite multo longius, eum inter scolo-paces descripsi.”

There can be nothing urged against the acceptance of this detailed account of the same bird as Pontoppidan indicated, and the only point is whether the name should be quoted as of Pontoppidan or Briinnich.

With regard to the genus name, I use Limicola Koch. Limicula was introduced by Vieillot (Analyse nouv. Ornith., p. 66) some months earlier than Koch’s name. By some writers these two names will be considered too similar, and for these will be available Platyrhamphus Billberg (Syn Scand. Faun., tab. A and p. 172, 1828).

300a. Anas superciliosa rogersi, subsp. n Western Black Duck.

Differs from A. s. superciliosa in its larger size: wing 258 mm.

Type, Augusta, West Australia, No. 10,377.

Range, West Australia, Northern Territory.

311a. Carbo carbo westralis, subsp. n.

Western Black Cormorant.

Differs from C. c. novce-hollandice in its larger size : wing 362 mm.

Type, Swan River, West Australia, No. 10,262.

Range, West Australia.

337a. Astur fasciatus didimus, subsp. n.

Melville Island Goshawk.

Differs from A. f. fasciatus in its smaller size : wing 236 mm.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,799. Range, Melville Island and Northern Territory.

365a. FaT.CO PEREGRINE'S SUBMELANOGENYS, Subsp. n. Western Black-cheeked Falcon.

Differs from F. p. melanogenys in its mucli more rufous under-surface and larger size.

Type, South-west Australia, No. 4,489.

Range, West Australia.

369a. Falco lunulatus apsleyi, subsp. n.

Northern Little Falcon.

Differs from F. 1. lunulatus in its blue-grey upper-surface and paler under-surface ; and from F. I. murchi-sonianus in its larger size.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,801. Range, Melville Island.

371. Ieracidea berigora melvillensis, subsp. n. Northern Brown Hawk.

Difiers from I. b. occidentalis (type-locality, Perth) in its larger size and black cheeks.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,803. Range, Melville Island and Northern Territory.

375a. Pandion haliaetus melvillensis, subsp. n. Northern White-headed Osprey.

Differs from P. h. cristatus in its whiter head and smaller size.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,800. Range, Melville Island and Northern Territory.

381a. Ninox boobook melvillensis, subsp. n.

Red Boobook Owl.

Differs from N. b. mixta in its very red general-coloration and smaller size. This is the smallest subspecies of N. b. boobook.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,796. Range, Melville Island.

392a. TYTO NOViE-HOLLANDLE MACKAYI, Subsp. n. Queensland White-faced Owl.

Differs from T. n. novce-hollandice in having the facial-disc white, with the feathers round the eye chocolate at the base ; it is lighter above and lacks the buff on the lower surface. Wing 315 mm.

Type, Mackay, Queensland, No. 6,400.

Range, Queensland.

Are there not two different species of Owls confused under T. novce-hollandice ? If so, those with the white facial-disc must stand as T. Cyclops (Gould), and those with the chestnut face as T. novce-hollandice (Stephens).

392b. Tyto nov^e-hollandl® whitei, subsp. n.

South White-faced Owl.

Differs from T. n. mackayi in its darker upper-surface and smaller size : wing 301 mm.

Type, Adelaide, South Australia, No. 913.

Range, South Australia.

392C. TYTO NOV^-IIOLLANDLE RIORDANI, subsp. n. Victorian White-faced Owl.

Differs from all other subspecies of T. novce-hollandice in its darker upper-surface and larger-sized wing, 343 mm. Type, Victoria (Warnambool), No. 11,104.

Range, Victoria.

394a. Tyto nov^e-hollandl® melvillen’Srs, subsp. n. Melville Island Chestnut-faced Owl.

Differs from T. n. perplexa in its smaller size and darker buff below.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,795. Range, Melville Island.

404a. Trichoglossus rttbritorqttis melvillensis, subsp. n.

Northern Red-collared Lorikeet.

Differs from T. r. rubritorquis in having the abdomen bluish instead of olive.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,876. Range, Melville Island.

418a. Calyptorhynchtts fgnereus whiter, subsp. n. Kangaroo Island Black Cockatoo.

Differs from C. f. funereus in its smaller size: wing 281 (typical wing 314 mm.).

Type, Kangaroo Island, South Australia, No. 10,355. Range, Kangaroo Island.

421a. Calyptorhynchtts banksii fitzroyi, subsp. n. Western Great-billed Cockatoo.

Differs from C. b. macrorhynchus in its much less massive bill.

Type, Fitzroy River, North-west Australia, No. 9,407. Range, North-west Australia.

426a. Cacatoès galerita rosinæ, subsp. n.

Southern White Cockatoo.

Differs from C. g. galerita in its smaller wing (297 mm.) and smaller bill.

Type, Kangaroo Island, South Australia, No. 10,170. Range, South Australia.

428a. Cacatoès galerita melvillensis, subsp. n. Northern White Cockatoo.

Differs from C. g. fitzroyi in its larger bill and wing. Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,887. Range, Melville Island.

431. Cacatita leadbeateri aberrans Sôderberg, Ornith. Monatsber, March, 1912, No. 3, p. 41. = Cacatoès leadbeateri mungi, mihi.

433a. Cacatoès sangtjtxea apsleyi, subsp. n.

Melville Island Bare-eyed Cockatoo.

Differs from C. s. distincta in its much larger bill and smaller wing.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,890. Range, Melville Island.

433b. Cacatoès sanguinea asiibyi, subsp. n.

Southern Blood-stained Cockatoo.

Differs from C. s. sanguinea in its smaller bill and wing, and the bare eye-ring much smaller.

Type, New South Wales, No. 999.

Range, New South Wales.

468a. Platycercits venustus melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Smutty Parrot.

Differs from P. v. venustus in its much blacker back, the feathers of the mantle being black with a very faint edge of greenish-yellow.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,897. Range, Melville Island.

524a. Podargtts stkigoides melvillensis subsp. n. Melville Island Frogmouth.

Differs from P. s. phalcenoides in its much smaller size ; wing 203 mm.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,866. Range, Melville Island.

538a. Alcyone azurea alisteri, subsp. n.

Western Purple Kingfisher.

Differs from A. a. pulchra in its much longer bill and darker blue back.

Type, Parry’s Creek, North-west Australia, No. 1,250. Range, North-west Australia.

540a. Alcyone pusilla ramsayi.

Northern Little Kingfisher.

Alcyone ramsayi North, Ibis 1912, p. 119. Port Essing-ton, Northern Territory.

548a. Dacelo leachii nana, subsp. n.

Dwarf Pawn-breasted Kingfisher.

Differs from D. 1. cervina. in its very much darker undersurface, head and back, also in its smaller size ; wing 172 mm. , bill (from nostril) 50.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,868. Range, Melville Island.

549a. Dacelo leach it clietoni, subsp. n.

Pale Pawn-breasted Kingfisher.

Differs from D. 1. occidentalis (type from Derby) in its paler under-surface, head and back.

Type, Carnarvon, West Australia, No. 9,887.

Range, Mid. Westralia.

553a. Halcyon macleayii pitbla, subsp. n.

Melville Island Forest-Kingfisher.

Differs from H. m. distinguendus in having the back and humerals greenish-blue and in its smaller bill.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,872. Range, Melville Island.

Eggs, Clutch 5, white, 22.5 mm. by 20.5. Date, 9.11.11

560a. Halcyon sordidus melvillensis, subsp. n. Northern Mangrove Kingfisher.

Differs from H. s. sordidus in its much paler upper-surface and much smaller bill.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,874. Range, Melville Island.

591a. Chrysococcyx minutillus perplexus, subsp. n. Western Little Bronze Cuckoo.

Differs from C. m. minutillus in having the head more purplish-bronze and the back greener, and the bill more slender.

Type, Parry’s Creek, North-west Australia.

Range, North-west Australia.

Note.—The egg described by me (Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIII., p. 23, 1911) as that of C. minutillus must belong to this subspecies. It was included in the nest of Qerygone albigularis rogersi and resembles the egg of G. plagosus, but is of a lighter colour and measures 19 mm. by 12

603. The first description of this form was given by Bonaparte, and the first reference should read: Menura alberti Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av.. Vol. I., p. 215, 1850. Richmond River, N.S.W.

619a. Petrochelidon nigricans rogersi, subsp. n. Northern Tree-Martin.

Differs from P. n. nigricans in having the rump dark buff ; wing 104 mm.

Type, Northern Territory (Danvin), No. 10,167.

Range, Northern Territory.

628a. Micrceca flavigaster melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Lemon-breasted Flycatcher.

Differs from M. f. flavigaster in its lighter-coloured yellow below and very much less green on the back. Tyne, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,692. Range, Melville Island.

652a. Smicrornis brevirostris Stirling:, subsp. n. Stirling Tree-Tit.

Differs from S. b. occidentalis in having less yellow on the under-surface and the hack brownish-green. It is also slightly smaller.

Type, Stirling Ranges, South-west Australia, No. 10,524. Range, Stirling Ranges, South-west Australia.

653. Smicrornis brevirostris melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Yellow-tinted Tree-Tit.

Differs from S. b. flavescens in its much brighter yellow under-surface.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,699. Range, Melville Island.

664a. Gerygone magnirostris melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Large-billed Fly-eater.

Differs from 6. m. magnirostris in its darker upper-surface. Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,630. Range, Melville Island.

Nest.—Placed in a patch of dense mangrove about seven feet from the ground. It is nine inches long by three and one half wide. The hooded entrance is five inches from the top. The materials used are fine bark, woven together with wool and spiders’ webs, and lined with feathers. The nest was built on to a downward projecting twig, under a leafy branch.

Egg.—White, heavily marked on the larger end with reddish-brown; 15.5 mm. by 11. The nest contained

one egg of this species and one of Chrysococcyx minutillus Gould, which is smoky-brown, and measures 21 mm. by 14. Breeding-season, November.

Note.—The egg described by me (Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIII., p. 23, 1911), as that of C. minutillus, is referable to C. m-. perplexus (see ante, P- 38).

673a. Gerygone chloronota darwlni, subsp. n. Western Green-backed Fly-eater.

Differs from G. c. chloronota in having a very much lighter head and larger wing, 54 mm.

Type, Parry’s Creek, North-west Australia, No. 1,740. Range, North-west Australia.

673b. Gerygone chloronota apsleyi, subsp. n. Melville Island Green-backed Fly-eater.

Differs from G. c. chloronota in being very much greener on the back, and the head darker brown.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,637. Range, Melville Island.

678a. Pachycephala stjperciliosa belcheri, subsp. n. Western Buff-sided Robin.

Differs from P. s. cerviniventris in having the grey band in the throat, and the buff on the sides very much lighter. It is also lighter on the back, and slightly smaller.

Type, Napier Broome Bay, North-west Australia, No. 6,225.

Range, North-west Australia.

Eggs.—Clutch, two ; ground-colour bluish, heavily spotted on the larger end ydth reddish-brown spots. 19 mm. by 15. North-west Australia.

680a. Pachycephala i.e u cur a greda, subsp. n. Melville Island White-tailed Shrike-Robin.

Differs from P. 1. alligator in its larger size and lighter upper coloration.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,315. Range, Melville Island.

698a. Pachycephala rufiventris colletti, subsp. n. Western Rufous-breasted Thickhead.

Differs from P. r. falcata in being paler grey above and very much paler below, and also slightly smaller.

Type, Parry’s Creek, North-west Australia,

Range, North-west Australia.

704a. Pachycephala grisola riordani, subsp. n. Melville Island Brown Thickhead.

Differs from P. g. simplex in being lighter above and below, and in having a thicker bill.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,669. Range, Melville Island.

729a. Rhipidura setosa melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Fantail.

Differs from typical R. s. isura (Derby) in being brown not blue-grey above.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,642. Range, Melville Island.

Nest.—Composed of pieces of paper-bark and dry grass, neatly woven into a cup-shaped structure. The outside was plastered over with cobweb. It was built in a small wattle-tree about 6 ft. from the ground. Outside dimensions, 2\ in. by 2$ by 2J deep. Inside, II by 11 by J. The tail was 41 in. long.

Eggs.—Clutch two ; ground-colour buff, covered with spots, but more round the middle with pale brown and lavender spots ; 18.5 mm. by 14. Date, 10.11.11.

736a. Myiagra rubecula melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Blue Flycatcher.

Differs from M. r. concinna in its much longer bill, 13 mm., and shorter wing.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,638. Range, Melville Island.

Nest.—Placed in a horizontal fork of a small paper-bark tree, growing in the open ; and was about nine feet from the ground ; neatly composed of soft strips of paper bark, well matted together on the outside with cobwebs, and fastened securely to the fork with the same material, and lined with a few fine rootlets. Dimensions outside, 2§ in. by 2\ by If deep ; inside. If by If by f deep.

Eggs.—Clutch, two ; roundish oval. Ground-colour, white, with a zone of brown and lavender blots round the larger end; 10.5 mm. by 14.

739b. Myiagha latirostris cooperi, subsp. n.

Melville Island Broad-billed Flycatcher.

Differs from 31. 1. latirostris in its darker coloration and broader bill.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,325. Range, Melville Island.

748a. Monarcha alecto melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Shining Flycatcher.

Differs from 31. a. nitida in having a much wider, heavier bill.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,828. Range, Melville Island.

761a. Coracina nov;e-hollandi.® didimus, subsp. n. Melville Island Cuckoo-Shrike.

Differs from C. n. subpallida in lacking the black throat and forehead, the throat being dark French grey.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,781. Range, Melville Island.

763a. Coracina hypoleuca apsleyi, subsp. n.

Allied White-bellied Cuckoo-Shrike.

Differs from G. h. hypoleuca in its smaller size and in having a light grey jugulum, and French-grey feathers on the tibia.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,793. Range, Melville Island.

703b. Coracina hypoleuca parryi, subsp. n.

Western White-bellied Cuckoo-Shrike.

Differs from C. h. hypoleuca in its lighter upper-coloration. Type, Parry’s Creek, North-west Australia, No. 1,933. Range, North-west Australia.

769a. Coracina tenuirostris melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Caterpillar-Catcher.

Differs from 0. t. obscura in its very much lighter coloration and more slender bill.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,785. Range, Melville Island.

810a. Pomatoriiinus temporalis bamba, subsp. n. Melville Island Red-breasted Babbler.

Differs from P. t. intermedins in having lighter ear-coverts, rump and wings.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,767. Range, Melville Island.

The type of P. t. rubecula is from Wyndham.

858a. Cisticola exilis melvillensis, subsp. n.

Allied Grass-Warbler.

Differs from C. e. lineocapitta in its darker head and back. Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,329. Range, Melville Island.

862a. Megalurus gramineus iialmaturinus, subsp. n. Kangaroo Island Grass-Bird.

Differs from M. g. dubius in having the dark shafts of the feathers of the head not so pronounced.

Type, Kangaroo Island, South Australia, No. 10,255. Range, Kangaroo Island.

875a. Acanthiza inornata submastersi, subsp. n. Stirling Plain-coloured Tit.

Differs from A. i. mastersi in having much paler flanks and much lighter back.

Type, Stirling Ranges, South-west Australia, No. 10,519. Range, Stirling Ranges, South-west Australia.

886a. Acanthiza pusili.a arno, subsp. n.

Southern Red-rumped Tit.

Differs from A. p. hamilioni in being darker, and in haying the rump much darker red.

Type, Arno Bay, Eyre’s Peninsula, South Australia, No. 9,630.

Range, Eyre’s Peninsula.

892a. Acanthiza lineata whitei, subsp. r,.

Kangaroo Island Striated Tit.

Differs from A. 1. clelandi in being darker green above, and in having the head darker brown.

Type, Kangaroo Island, South Australia, No. 10,247 Range, Kangaroo Island.

901a. Acanthiza chrysorrhoa addenda, subsp. n.

Port Augusta Yellow-rumped Tit.

Differs from A. c. perksi (from Mt. Lofty) in being paler above and whiter on the chest.

Type, Port Augusta, South Australia. No. 10,252. Range, Port Augusta.

919a. Sericornis parvula rosest^e.

Nest.—Cup-shaped, placed on a big mass of dead bracken, with large fronds of the living plant overhanging it. It was placed about two feet from the ground in a deep, damp gully on Mt. Lofty. Composed of dried grasses and covered on the outside with a kind of green moss, and warmly lined with feathers. Outside measurement 31 inches deep by 4 wide ; inside, 2 inches deep by 2 wide.

Eggs.—Clutch ; three ground-colour very pale buffish-white, with a zone of broivn irregular-shaped spots on the larger end, and few of the same colour distributed over the remaining surface ; 22 mm. by 16.

9(57.

The type-locality of Malurus cruentatus Goukl I designate as Derby, North-west Australia, and as a synonym should he noted :

Malurus cruentatus boweri Ramsay, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 1886, ser. 2, Vol. I., p. 1,100, 1887. Derby, North-west Australia.

967\. Malurus melanocepiialus melvillensis, subsp.n.

Melville Island Red-backed Wren.

Differs from M. m. cruentatus in its much deeper, darker red back.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,673. Range, Melville Island.

970a. Stipiturus malachurus tregellasi, subsp. n. Victorian Emu Wren.

Differs from S. m. malachurus in having the blue of the throat distinctly paler ; abdomen whiter, and the red on the forehead does not extend so far back.

Type, Victoria (Frankston), No. 11,148.

Range, Victoria.

973. Stipiturus malachurus westernensis Campbell,

Emu, 1912, Vol. XI., p. 222, replaces S. tn. rotk-schildi, mihi.

991a. Artamus leucorhynchus melvillensis, subsp. n.

Melville Island White-rumped Wood-Swallow.

Differs from A. 1. leucopygialis in its small wing and darker upper-surface.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,780. Range, Melville Island.

1006a. Colluricincla harmonica zamba, subsp. n. Kangaroo Island Grey Shrike-Thrush.

Differs from C. h. victorice in having a darker rump and head, and it is also dark below.

Type, Kangaroo Island, South Australia, No. 10,183. Range, Kangaroo Island.

1011a. Colluricincla brunnea parryi, subsp. n. Western Brown Shrike-Thrush.

Differs from C. b. brunnea in its very much paler general coloration.

Type, Parry’s Creek, North-west Australia, No. 2,502. Range, North-west Australia.

1015a. Colluricincla parvula alligator, subsp. n. Allied Little Shrike-Thrush.

Differs from C. p. parvula in its lighter upper-surface and longer bill.

Type, Alligator River, No. 4,218.

Range, Western Northern Territory.

1037a. Cracticus nigrogularis tormenti, subsp. n. Western Pied Butcher-Bird.

Differs from C. n. picatus in having a stouter and longer bill and longer wing.

Type, Napier Broome Bay, North-west Australia, No. 5,599.

Range, North-west Australia.

1042a. Cracticus torquatus colletti, subsp. n. Allied Silver-backed Butcher-Bird.

Differs from the type of C. t. argenteus in its altogether smaller size and in having much less white on the tip of the tail; wing 140 ; culmen 37 ; tarsus 30 mm.

Type, Northern Territory, No. 10,162.

Range, Northern Territory.

1045.

For this form I used Cabanis's name of F. gouldi, as he proposed that name and described a bird from Port Phillip, Victoria. 1 now find that Bonaparte, in the Consp. Gen. Av., Vol. T., p. 365, 1850, had previously introduced it, ex Cabanis’s MS., for the bird figured by Gould. As neither Bonaparte’s nor Gould’s birds were from definite localities and the descriptions are indefinite, the only course now open is to designate New South Wales as the type-locality of Falcuncvlus gouldi Bonaparte, and to describe the Victorian form as follows :—

Falcuncuhjs frontatus iredalei, subsp. n.

Green-bellied Shrike-Tit.

Reference List No. 1,045, p. 376.

Differs from F. /. frontatus in its darker colour and heavier bill.

Type, Ringwood, Victoria, No. 1,372.

Range, Victoria.

1072a. Neositta pileata whitlocki, subsp. n. Mountain Black-headed Tree-runner.

Differs from N. p. broomi in its lighter-coloured back, but not as pale as milligani.

Type, Stirling Ranges, South-west Australia, No. 10,482.

Range, Stirling Ranges.

1073a. Neositta pileata mortoni.

Northern White-winged Tree-runner.

Neositta mortoni North, Ibis, 1912, p. 118.

Port Essington, Northern Territory.

This name appeared after my Reference List came out. 1073b. Neositta pileata melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island White-winged Tree-runner.

Differs from N. p. leueoptera in its shorter, thicker bill.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,703. Range, Melville Island.

1096a. Zosterops lutea iiecla, subsp. n.

Allied Yellow White-Eye.

Differs from Z. 1. lulea in its larger size, more golden-yellow underneath, and more yellowish-green above. Type, Hecla Island, North-west Australia, No. 5,658. Range, Hecla Island, Parry Harbour.

1131a. Pardalotus melanocephalus melvillensis, subsp. n.

Melville Island Orange-rumped Pardalote.

Differs from P. m. inexpectatus in having the rump orange, not bright yellow.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,648. Range, Melville Island.

1141a. Melithrepttjs lunattts grades, subsp. n. Melville Island White-naped Honey-eater.

Differs from M. 1. subalbopularis in its smaller size and less yellowish on the back.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory.

Range, Melville Island.

1162a. Myzomet.a ekytiieocepiiala melvillensis, subsp. n.

Melville Island Red-headed Honey-eater.

Differs from M. e. erythrocephaln in its much darker back and wings.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,736. Range, Melville Island.

1169a. Myzomela obscura apsleyi, subsp. n.

Melville Island Dusky Honey-eater.

Differs from M. o. obscura in its darker coloration. Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,665. Range, Melville Island.

1180a. Gliciphila melanops braba, subsp. n.

Southern Tawny-crowned Honey-eater.

Differs from G. m. chandleri in having a much paler forehead and in being slightly smaller ; paler than

G. m. ivesternensis.

Type, Kangaroo Island, South Australia, No. 10,204. Range, Kangaroo Island.

1185a. Gliciphila fasciata broomei, subsp. n. Western White-breasted Honey-eater.

Differs from G. f. fasciata in its general paler coloration and larger size.

Type, Napier Broome Bay, North-west Australia, No. 5,782.

Range, North-west Australia.

1185b. Gliciphila fasciata apsleyi, subsp. n.

Melville Island White-breasted Honey-eater. Differs from G. f. fasciata in having the edges of the primaries yellowish-buff, not grey.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,059. Range, Melville Island.

1191a. Certhionyx albogularis yorki, subsp. n. Queensland Rufous-breasted Honey-eater.

Differs from C. a. albogularis in being much paler above ; the band on the breast lighter ; it is also smaller ; wing 64 mm.

Type, Cape York, Queensland, No. 9,873.

Range, North Queensland.

1192a. Certhionyx rufogClaris keatsi, subsp. n. Northern Red-throated Honey-eater.

Differs from C. r. rufogularis (type from Derby) in its much paler upper-surface.

Type, Northern Territory (West), No. 3,115.

Range, adjoining parts of North-west Australia and Northern Territory.

1200a. Stigmatops indistinctamelvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Least Honev-eater.

Differs from S. i. media in being greenish-brown above and in its smaller size.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,679. Range, Melville Island.

1218a. Ptilotis sonora cooperi, subsp. n.

Melville Island Singing Honey-eater.

Differs from P. s. rogersi in its heavier bill and much darker coloration above and below.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,743. Range, Melville Island.

1229a. Ptilotis leucotis munna, subsp. n.

Southern White-eared Honey-eater.

Differs from P. 1. depauperata in being smaller and having a lighter-coloured head.

Type, Kangaroo Island, South Australia, No. 10,212. Range, Kangaroo Island.

1253a. Ptilotis flavescens melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Yellow-tinted Honey-eater.

Differs from P. /. wyndhami in its heavier bill and darker upper-surface. It is also darker and larger than P. f. flavescens.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,653. Range, Melville Island.

1265a. Ptilotis usticolok brenda, subsp. n.

Melville Island White-gaped Honey-eater.

Differs from P. u. unicolor in its lighter coloration and larger size.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,746. Range, Melville Island.

1288b. Myzantha flavigttla wilsoni.

Southern Black-eared Minah.

Differs from the type of M. f. melanotis in having a longer wing, viz. 131 mm.

Type, Turner’s Well, South Australia, No. 10,142. Range, South Australia.

1293a. Myzantha flavigula melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Yellow Minah.

Differs from M. /. lutea in its larger size, and from

M. f. alligator in its much darker coloration and smaller size.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,754. Range, Melville Island.

1312a. Entomyzon cyanotis afsleyi, subsp. n.

Melville Island White-quilled Honey-eater.

Differs from E. c. aibipennis in its smaller size.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,758. Range, Melville Island.

1315a. Philemon argenticeps melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Silver-crowned Friar-Bird.

Differs from P. a. alexis in its very much smaller size generally, and darker upper-surface.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,757. Range, Melville Island.

1323a. Philemon ortentalis breda, subsp. n.

Melville Island Little Friar-Bird.

Differs from P. o. sordidus in its darker coloration and larger bill.

Type, Melville Island. Northern Territory, No. 11 552. Range, Melville Island.

1357. Mttnia castaneotiiorax apsleyi, subsp. n. Melville Island Dark-breasted Finch.

Differs from M. c.assimilis in its lighter colour generally and darker orange-red rump.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,319. Range, Melville Island.

1389. Orioltts flavocixctus parryi, subsp. n.

West.rn Yellow Oriole.

Differs from 0. f. flavocinctus in its much lighter yellow coloration and heavier bill.

Type, Parry’s Creek, North-west Australia, No. 3,586. Range, North-west Australia.

1414a. Ciilamydera nuchalis melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Bower-Bird.

Differs from G. n. oweni in its smaller size and darker colour above; wing 175 mm. (Type of C. n. oweni, 190 mm.).

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 10,776. Range, Melville Island.

1424a. Corvus CECIL,® marngli, subsp. n.

Little North-western Crow.

Differs from C. c. cecilce from Napier Broome Bay in its smaller wing, viz. 312 mm. ; it has also a very much shorter bill.

Type, Marngle Creek, West Kimberley, West Australia, No.9,396.

Range, West Kimberley, West Australia.

Corrections to the “ Reference List.”

P. 202, for Genus Petrodroma read Pterodroma, and also for the species Nos. 132 to 136.

P. 386 Zosterops shortridgii Grant, Ibis, 1909, p. 663, Albany, South-west Australia = Z. gouldi Bonapa te, the type-locality of which is King George’s Sound.

DESCRIPTION OP NEW OR HITHERTO UNDESCRIBED EGGS OP SOME AUSTRALIAN BIRDS.

The descriptions of the following eggs of some of the new birds lately described by me in the Nov. Zool., 1912, Vol. XVIII., pp. 171 et seq., are believed to be brought forward for the first time. The number following the name of the species is the number in the above Reference List.

1.    Dromiceius novce-hollandice woodwardi (2). Clutch, eleven ; ground-colour light green, covered with numerous irregular-shaped nodules of dark green ; 129-135 mm. by 82-91. Collected May 21st, 1911, near Wyndham.

2.    Megapodius duperreyi assimilis (6). An outer film of dark brown covers the hard, white shell ; 85-86 mm. by 53-54. North Barnard Islands, 20.11.91.

3.    Leipoa ocellata rosince (8). Eggs covered with an

outer film of pink, beneath which is a thicker one of dark brown, and below this the shell is white ; 91-92 mm. by 60-61. Victoria.    .

4.    Alectum lathami robinsoni (10). White, covered with a dark film, rough to the touch ; 90-93 mm. by 58-62. Queensland.

5.    Coturnix pectoralis prcetermissa (13). Groundcolour pale stone ; sparingly blotched with dark brown ; 29-30 mm. by 23-25. These eggs are not so dark-coloured as the eastern ones. Broome Hill, W.A.

6.    Coturnix australis rogersi (17). Dull white, without markings. 26.5-28 mm. by 20-21.5.

7.    Excalfactoria chinensis victorice (19a). Groundcolour dark stone, minutely covered with spots of dull reddish-brown ; 23-24 mm. by 18-19. Victoria.

8.    Turnix varia subminuta (26). Ground-colour light stone, minutely covered with spots of dark brown and light grey ; 27-28 mm. by 21-22. Queensland.

9.    Geopelia humeralis inexpectata (50). Clutch, two ; white; 28-28.5 mm. by 31.5-32. Derby, W.A., 6.1.11.

10.    Chalcopliaps chrysochlora rogersi (56a) . Clutch, two; creamy colour ; 25.5-26.5 mm. by 20-20.5. Queensland.

11.    Phaps chalcoptera consobrina (59). Clutch, two ; whitish; 30-32 mm. by 23-24. Alexandra, NT., 21.1.06.

12.    Phaps chalcoptera murchisoni (60). Clutch, two ; white ; 34-36.5 mm. by 25-26. West Australia.

13.    Tribonyx ventralis whitei (93). Ground-colour greenish-blue, sparingly mottled with reddish-brown and light grey ; 43-47 mm. by 29-32. New South Wales.

14.    Fulica atra tasmanica (104). Ground-colour stone, minutely spotted with blackish spots ; 49 mm. by 33. Victoria.

15.    Podiceps fluviatilis carterce (108). Ground-colour

light green (mostly nest-stained brown) ;    36-38 mm.

by 25-26. Clutch, three. Broome Hill, W.A., 19.10.08.

16.    Sterna bergii gwendolence (159a). Ground-colour stone, heavily blotched with dark reddish-brown, 60-61 mm; by 40-41. Houtman’s Abrolhos.

17.    Sterna striata incerta (101). Ground-colour stone, blotched with dark brown and light grey ; 47-48 mm. by 33-34. Tasmania.

18.    Sterna fuscata serrata (163). Ground-colour stone, spotted with rich chestnut, more especially on the larger end, and small markings of grey ; 53-55 mm. by 35-36. Lord Howe Island, Nov. ’87.

19.    Sterna nereis horni (165). Ground-colour light stone, sparingly marked with dark reddish-brown ; 35 mm. by 25-26. West Australia,

20.    Sterna sinensis placens (166). Ground-colour light stone, blotched with dark reddish-brown and lavender; 33 mm. by 26. Queensland.

21.    Larus novce-hollandice novce-hollandice (174). Ground-colour greenish-buff, blotched with dark brown and lavender ; 57-58 mm. by 37-38. New South Wales.

22.    Larus novce-hollandice gunni (177). Ground-colour buff-brown, blotched with dark reddish-brown and grey ; 54 mm. by 37-39. Clutch, two. Brunni Island, Tasmania,

7.11.08. '

23. Catharacta antárctica lonnbergi (181). Groundcolour stone, blotched, especially on the larger end, with brown ; 70 mm. by 52.

24. Irediparra gallinácea rothschildi (240). Groundcolour shining brown, marked all over with long, black, irregular lines ; 27-28 mm. by 21-22.

25.    Burhinus magnirostris rufescens (244). Groundcolour stone, blotched with dark brown, more especially on the larger end; 53 mm. by 39. Clutch, two. Wyndham, W.A., 19.10.08.

26.    Burhinus magnirostris ramsayi (245). Groundcolour buff, blotched (sometimes very heavily) with dark brown and light grey ; 53-54 mm. by 41-42. Dawson R., 20.9.89.

27.    Burhinus magnirostris broomei (246). Somewhat similar to the above, but with the blotches more in the shape of streaks; 53 mm. by 41. Broome Hill, W.A., 20.10.07.

28.    Choriotis australis derbyi (249). Ground-colour reddish-brown, with blotches of darker brown all over ; 75 mm. by 55. Pardoo, W.A., 21.8.10.

29.    Mathewsia rubicunda argéntea (251). White, minutely pitted ; 84-91 mm. by 60-62.

30.    Ibis molucca alligator (253). Dull white, the inside

being green ;    64-68 mm. by 43-35. Clutch, three. Port

Darwin, N.T..17.4.02.

31.    Notophoyx pacifica alexandrce (272). Bluish-green ; 54-55.5 mm. by 39. North-west Australia.

32.    Butorides rogersi (282). Bluish-green ; 59 mm. by 31. West Australia.

33.    Ardeiralla flavicollis olivei (286). White ; 45 mm. by 35. Queensland.

34.    Astur fasciatus mackayi (338). Whitish, sparingly

covered with reddish-brown spots ;    49 mm. by 40.

Queensland.

35.    Baza subcristata queenslanclica (364). Whitish, green inside ; 44-45 by 35-36. Queensland.

36.    Cerchneis cencliroides unicolor (374). Ground-colour stone, marked all over with blotches and spots of dull red; 38 mm. by 30-31. Pardoo, W.A., 1.9.10.

37.    Tyto alba alexandrce (391). White ; 42-43 mm. by 32-33 Clutch, three. Alexandra, N.T. May, ’05.

38.    Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus neglectus (406). Whitish (nest-stained) ; 27 mm. by 21. Queensland.

39.    Cacatoes galerita queenslandica (429). Whitish (nest-stained) ; 48-52 mm. by 33-36. Queensland.

40.    Podargus strigoides victories (520). White ; 46-47 mm. by 32. Clutch, two. Nov. ’09.

41.    Podargus strigoides dendyi (526). White ;    37-40

mm. by 27-28. Clutch, two. Derby, W.A., 5.12.10.

42.    Dacelo gigas tregellasi (544). White ; 41-42 mm. by 33-34. Auburn, Victoria, 14.10.10.

43.    Merops ornatus shortridgei (564) White ;    21-22

mm. by 18-19. Strelly R.W.A., 22.9.07.

44.    Caprimulgus macrurus yorlci (568). Ground-colour creamy-buff, with indistinct blotches of pale grey ; 31 mm. by 21. Clutch, two. Cairns, Oct. ’08.

45.    Micrceca fascinans victoria (623). Ground-colour light blue, blotched with reddish-brown and light grey ; 19 mm. by 15. Ringwood. 20.11.07.

46.    Micrceca fascinans subpallida (626). Ground-colour

light bluish-white, with a zone of reddish and lavender blotches on the larger end ;    17 mm. by 14. Derby,

W.A., 11.12.10.

47.    Petroica midticolor frontalis (631). Ground-colour light creamy-buff, spotted all over, but more at the larger end, with brown and lavender ; 19-20 mm. by 15. You-yangs. Victoria, 6.7.’06.

48.    Petroica phosnicea albicans (634). Ground-colour

light buff, spotted with brown and lavender ;    19 mm.

by 15. Tasmania.

49.    Petroica rodinogaster inexpectata (636). Groundcolour light buff, spotted on the larger end with brown and light grey ; 19 mm. by 15.

50.    Petroica cucullata vigorsi (644). Bluish to bluish-brown ; 20-21 mm. by 16. Frankston, Victoria, 30.11.07.

51.    Petroica cucullata westralensis (645). Ground-colour buffy-brown, with an indistinct zone round the larger end, 22 mm. by 18. Broome Hill.

52.    Smicrornis brevirostris viridescens (651). Groundcolour salmon-pink, with a zone of reddish spots round the larger end; 16-17 mm. by 11-12. Ringwood, Victoria, 2.10.09.

52a. Gerygone magnirostris cairnsensis (665). White, with an indistinct zone of reddish-black dots on the larger end ; 21 mm. by 14. Cairns, Oct., 1911.

53.    Pachycephala gutturalis youhgi (690). Groundcolour brown, with a zone of dark brownish spots at the larger end; 23 mm. by 18. Ringwood, 23.11.07.

54.    Pachycephala australis viridior (708). Groundcolour greenish, marked all over, but more on the larger end, with reddish-brown spots ; 20-22 mm. by 16-17. Croydon, 10.11.08.

55.    Rhipidura flabellifera victoria (715). Groundcolour creamy, marked at the larger end with brown blotches; 16 mm. by 13. Wonga Park, 10.10.10.

56.    Rhipidura rufifrons inexpectata (725). Groundcolour whitish-brown, zoned with dark brown spots ; 19 mm. by 13. Olinda, 26.12.10.

57.    Myiagra rubecula ringwoodi (735). Ground-colour whitish, zoned round the middle with brown and lavender spots; 18 mm. by 14. Ringwood, 27.11.09.

58.    Coracina novce-hollandice subpallida (761). Groundcolour greenish brown, spotted (more on the larger end)

with reddish and light grey spots ; 31-32 mm. by 22. Derby, W.A., 11.12.10.

59.    Coracina novce-hollandice connectens (762). Somewhat similar to the above, but with fewer and larger spots ; 32 mm. by 24. Queensland, 17.7.09.

60.    Lalage tricolor indistincta (771). Ground-colour bluish-green, heavily blotched with reddish ; 21 mm. by 15. Derby, W.A., 27.11.10.

61.    Orthonyx temminckii chandleri (776). White ; 28 mm. by 20. Richmond River, N.S.W., May, ’04.

62.    Cinclosoma punctaturn neglectum (779). Groundcolour whitish, spotted all over with dark brown and lavender spots ; 34-35 mm. by 24. Ringwood, Victoria, 8.10.10.

63.    Psophodes olivaceus scrymgeouri (800). Groundcolour blue, sparingly spotted with black and lavender ; 28 mm. by 20. Olinda, 9.10.09.

64.    Psophodes olivaceus sublateralis (801). Groundcolour bluish-white, marked with irregular spots of black and lavender ; 28-30 mm. by 20. Richmond R., N.S.W., Aug. to Oct., 1901.

65.    Pomatorhinus temporalis tregellasi (806). Dark ground-colour, covered all over with hair-like markings of dark brown ; 29-30 mm. by 19-20. Frankston, Victoria, 4.10.08.

66.    Pomatorhinus temporalis nigrescens (809). Similar to the above ; 27 mm. by 19. Derby, W.A., 11.12.10.

67.    Pomatorhinus superciliosus ashbyi (814). Similar to the above ; 23 mm. by 17. Broome Hill, W.A.

68.    Cincloramphus mathewsi horsfieldi (833). Groundcolour whitish, marked all over, but more at the larger end, with reddish ; 22 mm. by 16. Alexandra, N.T., 19.1.06.

69.    Turdus lunulatus dendyi (838). Ground-colour buff, marked all over with reddish-brown markings ; 34 mm. by 23. Black Rock, Victoria, 30.8.08.

70.    Epthianura albifrons tasmanica (841). White, with reddish-brown spots on the larger end ; 19 mm. by 14. Tasmania, 24.7.10. Tasmania.

71.    Epthianura albifrons westralensis (842). White, marked on the larger end with red spots ; 18 mm. by 13. Broome Hill, W.A.

72.    Acrocephalus australis mellori (853). Ground-colour

buff-white, spotted with large spots of reddish-brown and light brown ;    20 mm. by 14-16. Caulfield, Victoria,

17.11.10.

73.    Megalurus gramineus wilsoni (862). Ground-colour whitish, spotted all over with reddish-brown ; 19 mm. by 14. Caulfield, 11.11.09.

74.    Megalurus gramineus dubius (863). Whitish, covered with spots of reddish-brown and lavender ; 19 mm. by 14. South Australia.

75.    Chthonicola sagittata inexpectata (871). Groundcolour salmon to brown, with the larger end dark brown ; 20 mm. by 15. Blackburn, Victoria; 7.7.10.

76.    Acanthiza lineata chandleri (891). White, with a zone of reddish spots on the larger end ; 17-18 mm. by 13. Blackburn, 19.8.09. Victoria.

77.    Acanthiza. chrysorrhoa sandlandi (899). White, 17-18 mm. by 13. Auburn, 30.9.10.

78.    Acanthiza chrysorrhoa leachi (900). White ; 19-20 mm. by 14. Tasmania, 15.9.02.

79.    Acanthiza reguloides connectens (907). Whitish, with reddish spots, especially on the larger end ; 17 mm. by 14. Ringwood, 8.10.10.

80.    Sericornis lathami intermedia (917). White, with a dark bluish larger end, which colour merges into white at the point ; 24 mm. by 17. Richmond R., N.S.W., 29.8.01.

81.    Sericornis parvula harterti (919). Whitish, with a dark zone at the larger end ; 21 mm. by 4 5-16. Dande-nong, 24.10.07.

82.    Malurus cyaneus henriettce (939). White, covered with red spots, more especially on the larger end, 17 mm. by 13. Wonga Park, 28.11.09.

83.    Malurus cyaneus leggei (940). White, with brown spots and blotches ; 17 mm. by 13. Adelaide.

84.    Malurus melanocephalus pyrrhonotus (966). White, with reddish-brown spots on the larger end ; 15 mm. by 12. Cairns, Oct., ’08.

85.    Artamus melanops tregellasi (999). Whitish, with reddish-brown and lavender spots forming a zone on the larger end ; 22-24 mm. by 17. West Australia, 5.12.10.

86.    Artamus minor derbyi (1,004). Whitish, with a zone of brown and light grey spots at the larger end ; 18 mm. by 14-15. West Kimberley, W.A., 17.12.10.

87.    Colluricincla harmonica victories (1,006). White, with spots of brown and lavender all over ; 30.5-31.5 mm. by 21-22. Wonga Park, Victoria, 7.10.07.

88.    Colluricincla harmonica oblita (1,007). 'White, with dark brown and grey spots, more at the larger end ; 32 mm. by 22. Queensland.

89.    Grallina cyanoleuca neglecta (1,022). Whitish, with a zone on the larger end of reddish-brown spots ; 27-28 mm. by 20. Derby, W.A., 28.11.10.

90.    Cracticus tibicen terrceregince (1,024). White to blue, marked with spots or streaks of red or brown ; 38 mm. by 28-29.

91.    Cracticus tibicen intermissus (1,025). Similar to the above and about the same measurements. Ringwood, Victoria, 16.10.10.

92.    Cracticus hypoleucus intermedius (1,029). Groundcolour bluish, marked all over with brown streaks and blotches ; 46 mm. by 27. New South Wales.

93.    Cracticus nigrogularis inkermani (1,034). Groundcolour brown, covered with darker spots ; 33 mm. by 24. Dawson River.

94.    Cracticus torquatus olindus (1,039). Ground-colour brown, covered with reddish-brown spots, and forming a

zone at the larger end ; 30 mm. by 23. Wonga Park,

10.9.09.

95.    Cracticus torquatus ethelce (1,039a). Ground-colour buff-brown, marked with reddish spots, more at the larger end ; 31 mm. by 22.

96.    Oreoica cristata pallescens (1,051). 'White, with black spots ; 27 mm. by 20. Tanami, N.T., 26.3.10.

97.    Oreoica cristata ivestralensis (1,053). Bluish-white with black spots ; 27-28 mm. by 22. Broome Hill, W.A.,

1910.

98.    Aphelocephala leucopsis missa (1,055). Whitish, covered with brown spots, and forming a zone at the larger end ; 19 mm. by 14. Pine Plains, Victoria, 20.9.07.

99.    Sphenostoma cristatum pallidum (1,062). Groundcolour blue, with black spots on the larger end ; 26 mm. by 18. Cooper’s Creek.

100.    Neositta chrysoptera lathami (1,066). Groundcolour bluish-white, with dark brown and lavender spots ; 18 mm. by 13. Victoria.

101.    Zosterops lateralis cornwalli (1,106). Groundcolour blue; 15-16 mm. by 12-13. Queensland, 11.9.09.

102.    Dicaeum hirundinaceum yorki (1,110). Groundcolour huffish-white ; 17 mm. by 11.

103.    Pardalotus striatus substriatus (1,116). White; 20 mm. by 15. Ringwood, 1.1.10.

104.    Pardalotus melanocephalus inexpectatus (1,131). White ; 17 mm. by 14. Wyndham, W.A., 6.9.08.

105.    Glicipliala melanops chandleri (1,180). Groundcolour pinkish-buff, with a zone of reddish-brown spots on the larger end ; 21 mm. by 15. South Australia.

106.    Gliciphila fasciata inkermani (1,186). White, spotted with red, but more on the larger end ; 21 mm. by 14. Dawson River.

107.    Meliphaga phrygia tregellasi (1,196). Groundcolour salmon-pink, with reddish spots, more on the larger end; 25 mm. by 18. Blackburn, 5.12.08.

108.    Ptilotis fusca dawsoni (1,207). Ground-colour

salmon, with reddish-brown spots, more at the larger end ; 18 mm. by 14.    8.9.09. Queensland.

109.    Ptilotis fusca dingi (1,208). Ground-colour bull, sparingly spotted with reddish-brown ; 20 mm. by 15. Blacktown, Victoria, 28.10.06.

110.    Ptilotis lewinii mab (1,211). White, with dark brown spots on the larger end ; 24 mm. by 18. Dawson River.

111.    Ptilotis chrysops beaconsfieldi (1,224). White, with a heavy zone of reddish and lavender spots on the larger end, and a few reddish ones all over ; 22 mm. by 15. Olinda, 10.12.09.

112.    Ptilotis leucotis depauperata (1,230). Groundcolour buffish-pink, with reddish-brown markings, more at the larger end ; 23 mm. by 15. Blackburn, 25.8.07.

113.    Ptilotis melanops meltoni (1,234). Ground-colour buff, with brown markings at the larger end ; 20 mm. by 17. Victoria.

114.    Ptilotis penicillata mellori (1,258). Whitish, with reddish spots, more on the larger end ; 22 mm. by 16. Blackburn, 23.10.07.

115.    Meliornis pyrrhoptera indistincta (1,270). Groundcolour salmon-pink, with a zone of reddish spots at the larger end ; 18 mm. by 14. Victoria.

116.    Manorina melanophrys yarra (1,283). Groundcolour buffish-pink, with a few large spots of reddish-brown at the larger end ; 24 mm. by 16. Victoria.

117.    Myzantha melanocephala whitei (1,285). White, covered all over, but more on the larger end, with reddish-brown spots ; 28 mm. by 20. Frankston, Victoria,

18.9.09.

118.    Myzantha melanocephala leachi (1,286). White,

with a zone of reddish-brown spots at the larger end, and others distributed over the surface ;    26 mm. by 19.

Tasmania.

119.    Anthochcera carunculata tregellasi (1,296). Groundcolour salmon-pink, with large spots of reddish-brown and lavender; 30 mm. by 21. Croydon, 28.1.08.

120.    Anthochcera carunculata ivoodwardi (1,297). Groundcolour pinkish-white, with a zone of reddish-brown lavender spots on the larger end ; 35 mm. by 24. Broome Hill, W.A., 20.10.10.

121.    Anellobia chrysoptera intermedia (1,300). Groundcolour pinkish, with few spots of reddish-brown and grey ; 30 mm. by 23. Frankston, Victoria, 25.10.08.

122.    Acanthagenys rufogularis cygnus (1,304). Groundcolour buff, with a zone of reddish-brown and light grey on the larger end ; 26 mm. by 18. Victoria.

123.    Philemon corniculatus ellioti (1,318). White, with a few blackish-red spots on the larger end ; 34 mm. by 22.

124.    Philemon orientalis occidentalis (1,322). Groundcolour salmon-pink, covered all over with spots of a darker shade ; 27 mm. by 21. Derby, W.A., 12.12.10.

125.    Anthus australis bistriatus (1,326). Ground-colour slate, covered all over with marks and spots of brown ; 22 mm. by 17. Tasmania, 19.11.10.

126.    Anthis australis adelaidensis (1,327). Somewhat like the above, but the markings are darker ; 22-23 mm. by 17. Hallett’s Cove, 27.11.05.

127.    Anthus australis bilbali (1,328). Not so heavily marked as the above, but the same measurements. Broome Hill, 1910.

128.    Zonceginthus castanotis mungi (1,347). Whitish-blue ; 15 mm. by 12. North-west Australia.

129.    Mginiha temporalis tregellasi (1,365). White; 17 mm. by 13. Wonga Park, 2.10.10.

130.    Oriolus sagittatus subaffinis (1,386). Groundcolour buff, with yellowish-brown and lavender spots, more at the larger end ; 31 mm. by 23. Queensland.

131.    Oriolus flavocinctus lcingi (1,390). Ground-colour buff, with reddish-black and lavender spots ; 33 mm. by 24. Cairns, Nov., 1911.

132.    Sphecotheres flaviventris audoni (1,395). Groundcolour bluish-green, with reddish markings, more on the larger end ; 34 mm. by 23. Cairns, Oct., ’08.

133.    Dicrurus bracteatus baileyi (1,399). Nest loosely composed of fine rootlets, the eggs visible from beneath. Outside measurements 7 in. by 3J ; inside 3J by 1J.

Eggs.—Clutch, three ; ground-colour whitish, with irregular-shaped spots of reddish and lavender, sparsely distributed over the surface, but more on the larger end ; 30 mm. by 20. Northern Territory.

Breeding-season October.

134.    Lamprocorax metallicus sapphire (1,401). Groundcolour greenish, with small reddish spots on the larger end ; 28 mm. by 20. Queensland.

135.    Chlamydera nuchalis oweni (1,414). Groundcolour bluish-green, marked all over with brown streaks of irregular design. (These eggs vary, see Nov. Zool., 1910, Vol. XVII., PI. X., figs. 15-16, for two others.) 43 mm. by 29. Port Keats, Northern Territory.

136.    Strepera versicolor vieilloti (1,440). Ground-colour

pinkish-brown, with large blotches of brown, others of lavender;    41-42 mm. by 30. Ringwood, Victoria,

2.11.10.

137.    Corcorax nielanoramphos subniger (1,447). White, with large spots of yellowish-brown, and dark grey ; 36 mm. by 28. Bayswater, 19.11.10.

THE

AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

VOL. I. No. 3.

ISSUED IN CONNEXION WITH THE

Austral Avian Museum, Watford, Herts, England

Editor

GREGORY M. MATHEWS

Price 1/6 Net

WITHERBY & CO. 326 High Holborn London, W.C. ■June 28th, 1912.

A S5B»lb K

A 853Ibx C

Austral Aviak Record, Vol. 1.

Plate 1.

CASITAKIUS

CASUARIUS JOHNSONH.


THE AUSTR A L A YIA A RECORD.

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA.

Vol. I„ No. 3.


June 28th, 1912.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

Notes on the Coloration of the Head and Neck of the Australian Cassowary ..    66

Diggles's New Species of Australian Birds.. 68 Additions and Corrections to my Reference List to the Birds of Australia ..    ..    73

EDITORIAL NOTICE.

It has been pointed out that owing to the previous Parts of this Journal having contained unsigned articles, there may hereafter arise doubt as to the authorship of the same, and that it would be best to put on record the fact that the author was the Editor, otherwise myself, G. M. Mathews, who is, therefore, entirely responsible for the matter contained in the previous Parts. I have decided to accept papers from other workers regarding Australasian ornithology, and henceforth all the articles will be signed by the writers thereof.

NOTE ON THE COLORATION OF THE HEAD AND NECK OF THE AUSTRALIAN CASSOWARY.

(Plate 1.)

When I published the account of this bird in the first Part of the Birds of Australia, I was dependent upon skins and living specimens purporting to have originally come from Australia. Receipt of authentic wild-killed skins shows the coloration to have been different from that of these supposed Australian living birds. I am giving this note, and want information as to the correctness of my judgment as to the colours in the living bird. I however note that Meston (Proc. Roy. Soc. Queens., Vol. X., p. 62, 1894) has written : “ The taxidermist has, so far, failed to reproduce the beautiful scarlet and orange colour, and marvellous opalescent shades of light and dark blue on the head and neck . . . The two long wattles on the throat are found on both male and female. Some are destitute of this appendage.”

Rothschild, in his Monograph of the Cassowaries (Trans. Zool. Soc. (Lond.), Vol. XV., 1900) gave coloured representations of the heads of many of the species, and the figure there given from living specimens (Plate XXV.) does not agree with the present birds. From an examination of those figures G. c. intensus would seem to be the nearest, the most noticeable difference being in the colour of the appendages ; while C. c. violicollis seems the next most like. However, in the Bull. Brit. Orn. Club., Vol. XXIX., pp. 50-52, 1912, Rothschild has rearranged his ideas, and has there made C. intensus a subspecies of C. bicar-unculatus while retaining C. violicollis and C. johnsonii as subspecies of C. casuarius. I cannot at this time judge of the correct disposition of C. johnsonii, and therefore simply put on record the coloration of the head and neck as far as can be gathered from examination of the dried skin.

The front and sides of the neck, as well as the whole of the sides of the head and nape, appear to have been pale blue ; the whole of the back of the neck pale orange-yellow ; the lobe extending down the lower-neck deep purple ; while the appendages have been bright lake ; between the gape and the ear has been a triangular spot of the same colour, which is connected with the appendages by a raised rib of skin of the same colour. It will be noted that this description differs in that this red preoral patch has not hitherto been noticed ; the coloration of the lobe on the lower-neck has been generally said to be half deep orange and half purple. In my specimens it is uniform deep purple ; the coloration of the fore-neck has been given as bright purplish blue, and the nape as pale greenish-blue. I cannot see that there has been much difference in coloration between the fore-neck, sides of neck, and nape in the specimens before me.

I would like Australian ornithologists to interest themselves in this matter, and examine specimens, undoubtedly Australian, and get this question of coloration settled. If the coloration of the naked skin varies in adult specimens, it means that our present treatment of this group is incorrect.

Gregory M. Mathews.


DIGGLES'S NEW SPECIES OF AUSTRALIAN BIRDS.

In the first number of this Journal, while reviewing the Australian Cuckoos, I wrote (p. 9) : “ In the Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., Vol., 11., p. 205, 1876, Ramsay notes that Diggles had described a Cuculns brisbanensis which from the description he identified as the young of Cuculus optatus Gould = C. canoroicles Muller. The original description by Diggles I have been unable to trace, and I would be glad if anyone, who has met with it, would advise me when and where it was published." On p. 15 1 noted: “ The other name is Lamprococcyx modesta Diggles. This is mentioned by Ramsay (Proc. Linn. Soc.

N.S.W., Vol. II., p. 205, 1876) as known to him only by description, and apparently given to the young of L. basalis. I have askecVfor information regarding Cuculus brisbanensis Diggles, and I suppose this was named at the same time.” It is very gratifying to have to record that my inquiries have resulted in much of interest ; firstly, through the generosity of Dr. Thorp I am in possession of a reprint of the paper above referred to, wherein the Cuckoos are named and described by Diggles; and secondly, through the interest and help of Mr. Charles Hedley I have to ask for further information.

I will deal with the pamphlet first. On the cover is printed :

“ SOME NEW AND RARE SPECIES OF BIRDS.

“ Read before the Queensland Philosophical Society, by “Mr. S. Diggles, on 3rd August, 1876.”

Four pages are included, the pagination reading 9, 10, 11, 12, conclusively showing it to be a reprint. On p. II is given :—

“ I have now the pleasure of informing you that an undoubtedly new species of Poephila has been sent to our friend the Secretary of this Society, by Mr. Gulliver, from Normanton. The new finch bears a very near resemblance to our P. cincta, a plentiful species near Brisbane. It is a bird about the same size, but differs in having the upper tail-coverts brownish-black, whereas in P. cincta they are white. The name 1 propose for it will indicate this peculiarity—P. atropygialis, or black-rumped Poephila. The drawings will sufficiently show the difference without further description.

“ Another discovery among the birds sent by Mr. Gulliver is a new Acanthiza ; and I have the pleasure of stating that, though new, it is also found in this neighbourhood. The family is a numerous one ; but, strange to say, this species is not, to my knowledge, described. It differs from any other species I know. The rather uniform greyish-brown, tinged with green on the upper surface, the brown tail with dark centre and white tips on the inner web, make its relationship to its congeners ; but it is well separated from all others by having a well defined white throat, followed by a yellow chest and abdomen, which induces me to give it the descriptive name of Acanthiza flavigasta.”

Then on p. 12 the Cuckoos are thus described :—

" The larger species, which must at present stand under the name o: Cuculus Brisbanensis, until contradicted by better authority, is thus described in my notebook. Unlike all the members of our moderately-sized species, this one has the whole of the under-surface fasciated—in this respect partaking of the character of the Bronze Cuckoo, which are mostly adorned with bands beneath. It is very much smaller than C. cano-roides, say four inches shorter, and of a reddish-brown tint above, and richly banded with darker. Description : Head, back, and upper portion of the wings brownish-black, each feather marked and edged with bands of reddish-brown. Primaries brownish-grey, edged and rather broadly tipped with dull reddish-buff. Secondaries and tertiaries greyish-browm, broadly zigzagged with buff. Beneath the shoulder and for more than an inch of the edge of the wing, white. Tail brown, all the feathers, including the central pair, with serrated markings of buff, which assume a reddish cast beyond the margin. The outermost and shortest are lightest in colour, and most regularly barred with greyish-brown. Throat and all the under surface white, lightest on th ■ vent, and crossed by about twenty-eight bars of blackish-grey. Base of under mandible yellowish, the remainder of the bill black. Feet yellow, claws black. Shot about May last, by my son, at Norman’s Creek. Length, about 9 inches ; wing 5 inches ; tail, about 4 inches ; bill. | inch ; tarsus £- inch.

“New Lajipeococcyx.—This species differs from every other I am acquainted with, being entirely without bars on the under surface. Head and wings dull bronzy-green, each feather slightly edged with reddish-buff. Tail similar above, but the basal parts of the lateral feathers dull brick-red. Inner webs banded and spotted like the rest of the family. Throat and chest, light grey. Abdomen, buffy-white ; under tail-coverts, white. Bill and feet black, except the base of the lower mandible, which is yellow. Length 6 inches ; wing, 3| ; tail, 2J ; bill, f ; tarsus, f. This species, for the present, must be called L. modesta, until proved to be (which is quite possible) the young of some known species, such as L. Basilis, which it resembles in the form and size of bill. Shot with a boy’s catapult, at Norman’s Creek, near Captain Heath’s. It was in company with a male and female, and several young Maluri, doubtless the foster parents, and a portion of their brood or community.”

The preceding descriptions enable the recognition of the species here named by Diggles and mainly confirm the identifications made by Ramsay. Poephila atro-pygialis was later fuller described by Castelnau and Ramsay, and in my Reference List (p. 433) I accepted their introduction as the earliest known to me. The exact date of publication of Diggles’s paper is unknown to me, and it is quite possible that Castelnau and Ramsay’s description actually appeared prior to Diggles’s, but until the actual dates are known it is best to allow priority to Diggles.

Acanthiza flavigasta Diggles, as Ramsay suggested, refers to Gerygone albogularis, and as the type-locality is Normanton, unless series should indicate differences, Diggles’s name must be used for the form I named Gerygone albogularis queenslandica—Reference List No. 658.    ■

Cuculus brisbanensis Diggles, is not however based on the young of Cuculusoptatus Gould, as Ramsay thought, but upon the young of Cuculus rubricatus, and as the type-locality is Brisbane it must be quoted in the synonymy of the typical subspecies—Reference List, No. 577.'

Lamprococcyx modesta, as Diggles and Ramsay both indicated, is based upon the young of the basalis group. As the north-eastern form seems to be separable, Diggles’s name can be preserved for that.

The alterations and synonyms will be noted in their places in the following paper.

So much for this paper of Diggles.

LTpon mentioning to my friend Mr. Chas. Hedley, at present in England, that I had had trouble in tracing these Diggles’s bird-names, he referred me to the International Catalogue of Scientific Literature, Queensland volume, published in 1899, which contained a Bibliography of Scientific Papers upon Queensland.

This reference has indicated the fact that the preceding paper is only one out of four by Diggles published in the Proceedings of the Queensland Philosophical Society, in the years 1873-6.

The titles of the other three and the new species there described by Diggles appear to be :—

1. “ Some Australian Birds,” by S. Diggles, Proc. Queensl. Philos. Soc., 1873, Paper 1, 2 pp.

In this paper Diggles has described two new species. Milvus striatus and Eulabeornis griseoventris. Ramsay has suggested (Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., Vol. II., p. 205. 1876) that these are both extra-Australian species, perhaps from the Aru Islands. He absolutely identified the former with Henicopernis longicauda Garnot; if the

72

latter be the Aru Island Eulabeornis, Diggles’s name will displace E. sharpei Rothschild and Hartert.

2.    “ Short Notices of Two Birds new to the Australian Fauna,” by S. Diggles, Proc. Queensl. Philos. Soc., 1874.

I gather that the first was a supposed new species of Nectarinia which was not specifically named by Diggles ; while the second is called Ptilonopus chrysogaster, new species. I have no note of any reference to this in recent literature.

3.    “ Description of Four New Australian Birds, with habits of Menura alberti,” by S. Diggles, Proc. Queensl. Philos. Soc., 1874, Paper 2, pp. 5-7.

In this paper are described Alcyone bella, Alcyone nssimilis, Ardetta coclcerilli, and Ardetta nigra. I have not previously noted any reference to these in recent literature. It will thus be seen that though four of Diggles’s names have been satisfactorily traced, there still remain seven names to be accounted for. Two have been noted by Ramsay as being apparently extra-Australian, but the remaining five I know nothing of, save the information here given; and I have to again ask for help in locating these names.

Gregory M. Mathews.


It has been a great pleasure to record such an unexpected and speedy response to my previous inquiry, and I am hoping that this note will bring forward as gratifying results.

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS TO MY REFERENCE LIST TO THE BIRDS OF AUSTRALIA.

19b. Excalfactoeia chinensis colletti, subsp. n. Northern Chestnut-bellied Quail.

Differs from E. c. australis in its smaller wing, viz., 65-G7 mm., typical wing 70-77 mm., and much lighter upper surface.

Type, Glencoe, Northern Territory, No. 11,965.

Range, Northern Territory.

87a. Porzana fluminea whitei, subsp. n.

Southern Spotted Crake.

Differs from P. f. fluminea in being much lighter grey on the under surface.

Type, Eyre’s Peninsula, South Australia, No. 12,029. Range, South Australia.

88a. Porzana pusilla fitzroyi, subsp. n.

Western Little Crake.

Differs from P. p. palustris in being lighter above and below, and having a longer wing and larger bill.

Type, Derby, North-west Australia, No. 11,956. Range, North-west Australia.

90a. Porzana cinerea parryi, subsp. n.

Western White-browed Crake.

Differs from P. c. leucophrys in its much darker head, back, thighs, and under tail-coverts.

Type, Parry’s Creek, North-west Australia, No. 205. Range, North-west Australia.

240a. Irediparra gallinacea melvillensis, subsp. n. Northern Jacana.

Differs from I. g. rothschildi in having the yellow and black bands on the under surface much less pronounced. It has also a heavier bill.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,736. Range, Melville Island.

Nest: The eggs were placed on the floating roots of a water-lily, with some rotting vegetation (old leaves, etc.). There was no trace of a nest. The patch of roots measures 10 inches by 10. The eggs were only half an inch above the water-line, and their lower sides were quite wet.

Eggs: Clutch four, ground-colour brownish-buff, marked all over with lines of blackish-brown, 31 mm. by 21. Jan. 12th, 1012.

287a. Ardeiralla elavicollis melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Bittern.

Differs from A. j. disneyi in being lighter above and blue-grey below.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,773. Range, Melville Island.

Nest: Built in a three-pronged fork of a Paper-bark tree, that had fallen into the creek and was still growing. The nest was a platform of Paper-bark twigs, with the centre covered with finer twigs. The eggs were placed in a slight depression. Height from the water, about 2 feet. The nest was partly hidden by leafy branches. The platform measured 14 inches by 10 and was 6 inches thick in the centre.

Eggs : Clutch three ; white ; 42 mm. by 34. Jan. 1st.,

1912.

315a. Carbo melanoleucus melvillensis, subsp. n. Northern Little Cormorant.

Differs from C. m. melanoleucus in having a thicker, heavier bill.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,765. Range, North-west Australia, Northern Territory.

316a. PlOTUS NOVJE-HOLLANDI^E DERBYI, Subsp. n. Western Darter.

Differs from P. n. novce-liollandice in its larger wing-measurement, viz. 364 mm.

Type, Derby, North-west Australia, No. 780.

Range, North-west Australia.

382. Line 1, read p. 84 for 31.

387a. Ninox strenua victoriae, subsp. n.

Southern Powerful Owl.

Differs from N. s. strenua in being darker and larger. Type, Victoria, No. 12,115.

Range, Victoria.

399a. Tyto longimejibris georgiae, subsp. n. Northern Grass-Owl.

Differs from T. c. walleri in being much darker above and in having the white spots much larger ; it is also larger in size.

Type, Northern Territory, No. 12,114.

Range, Northern Territory.

577. Add as synonym—

Cuculus brisbanensis Higgles, Proc. Queensl. Philos. Soc. 1876, p. 12. Norman’s Creek, Brisbane.

585a. Ciirysococcyx basalis modestus.

Northern Narrow-billed Cuckoo.

Lamprococcyx modesta Diggles, Proc. Queensl. Philos. Soc. 1876, p. 12. Norman's Creek, Brisbane. Reference List No. 585 (pars).

Range, South Queensland, New South Wales.

621a. Petrochelidon Ariel conigravi, subsp. n. Western Fairy-Martin.

Differs from P. a. arid in having a much paler head and back.

Type, Wyndham, North-west Australia, No. 11,981. Range, North-west Australia.

P. 304. Receipt of Tasmanian specimens of the bird known as Petroica phoenicea shows their subspecific distinctness, and that they must bear Quoy and Gaimard’s name of chrysoptera, which moreover must be used as the species-name : therefore add—

633a. Petroica ciirysoptera chrysoptera.

Tasmanian Flame-breasted Robin.

Muscicapa chrysoptera Quoy and Gaimard, Voy. de “ l’Astrol,” Zool., Vol. I., p. 177, PI. 4, fig. 2, 1830. Hobart, Tasmania.

Reference List No. 634 (pars).

Range, Tasmania, and read—

633.    Peteoica chrysoptera phgsnicea.

634.    Petroica chrysoptera albicans.

658. Read—Gerygone albogularis flayigasta.

Acanthiza flavigasta Diggles, Proc. Queensl. Philos. Soc. 1876, p. 11. Normanton, Queensland.

This name has priority over 0. a. queenslandica Mathews, 1912.

663a. Gerygone culicivora jacksoni. Reddish-crowned Fly-eater.

Pseudogerygone jacksoni Campbell, Emu, Vol. XI., p. 247,    1912. Mogil Mogil District, New South

Wales.

Reference List No. 663 (pars).

Range, New South Wales (North-west).

694a. Pachycephala gutturalis consobrina, subsp. n. Buchanan Island Black-tailed Thickhead.

Differs from P. g. violetce in its smaller wing and thinner bill ; and from P. g. melanura in its larger size.

Type, Buchanan Island, Northern Territory, No. 11,859. Range, Buchanan Island.

694b. Pachycephala gutturalis violets, subsp. n. Northern Black-tailed Thickhead.

Differs from P. g. melanura (type from Derby) in its much heavier bill ; darker green on the back ; more

77

orange-coloured nuchal band ; darker primaries and much larger size.

Type, West Northern Territory, No. 11,020.

Range, Northern Territory.

705a. Pachycephala lanioides buchanaxi, subsp. n. Allied White-bellied Thickhead.

Differs from P. 1. lanioides in having the black band on the breast much narrower ; and a decidedly smaller bill and wing.

Type, Buchanan Island, Northern Territory No. 11,858. Range, Buchanan Island.

746. Line 3, read Vol. VII. for Vol. VIII.

855a. Acrocephaltts australis melvillensis, subsp. n. Northern Reed-Wren.

Differs from A. a. carterce in its much thicker, heavier bill, and larger size generally.

Type, Melville Island. Northern Territory, No. 11,728. Range, Melville Island.

858a. Cisticola exilis parryi, subsp. n.

Western Grass-Warbler.

Differs from C. e. lineocapilla in having a much lighter coloured head and shorter bill.

Type, Parry’s Creek, North-west Australia, No. 2,147. Range, North-west Australia.

(C. c. lineocapilla can be called Northern Grass-Warbler.)

858b. Cisticola exilis tormenti, subsp. n.

Pale Grass-Warbler.

Differs from C. e. lineocapilla in its ^altogether paler coloration; paler even than C. e. mixta.

Type, Point Torment, North-west Australia, No. 8,713. Range, Derby, North-west Australia.

88Gb. Acanthiza pusilla consobrina, subsp. n.

Pale Red-rumped Tit.

Differs from A. p. hamiltoni in its much paler upper surface and smaller bill, viz. 11 mm.

Type, Leigh's Creek, Central Australia, No. 11,631. Range, Central Australia.

895b. Acantiiiza uropygialis condora, subsp. n.

Pale Chestnut-rumped Tit.

Differs from A. u. augusta in its much paler upper surface and rump.

Type, Leigh’s Creek, Central Australia, No. 11,632. Range, Central Australia.

910a. Acanthiza iredalei hedlevi, subsp. n.

Allied Thin-billed Tit.

Differs from A. i. morgani in having a much lighter rump and darker upper surface.

Type, Meningie, South Australia, No. 8,030.

Range, South-east of South Australia.

A. i. morgani was described from the interior of South Australia.

P. 353. When working up the genus Sericornis for my Reference List, I found that under the names Sericornis frontalis, oscvlans, maculatus and lœvigaster, different species were confusedly intermingled, and with good series I attempted to unravel the tangle. The nomenclature there given needs correction, as I find that Saxicola longirostris Quoy and Gaimard, refers to a member of this genus. Consequently on p. 354 the following alterations are necessary :—

No. 3.] THE AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD Add—

918a. Sericornis longirostris longirostris. Victorian Scrub-Wren.

Saxícola longirostris Quoy and Gaimard, Voy. “l’Astrol,” Zool., Vol. I., p. 200, PI. X. fig. 4, 1830. Western Port, Victoria.

Reference List No. 918 (pars.).

Range, Victoria.

and re

ad—

918.

Sericornis

LONGIROSTRIS

PARVULA.

919.

Sericornis

LONGIROSTRIS

HARTERTI.

919a.

Sericornis

LONGIROSTRIS

ROSINÆ.

920.

Sericornis

LONGIROSTRIS

MINIMA.

921.

Sericornis

LONGIROSTRIS

LÆVIGASTER.

921a.

Sericornis

LONGIROSTRIS

HERBERTONI.

930.

Sericornis

maculata ASHBYi ; add as synonym—

Sericornis halmaturina Campbell, Emu, Vol. XI., p. 246, 1912 ; Kangaroo Island.

977a. Sphenura broadbenti whitei, subsp. n. Southern Rufous Bristle-Bird.

Differs from S. b. broadbenti in being distinctly lighter above and below.

Type, South Australia, No. 12,241.

Range, South Australia.

1,185b. Gliciphila f as c tat a apsleyi.

Nest: Built in a Paper-bark sapling, leaning over Jessie Creek, suspended from the end of a limb, at a height of 3 feet from the water. The materials used were broad and fine strips of Paper-bark, lightly fastened together with cobwebs; the lining was very soft pieces of the same

material. On the outside were a few leaves woven into the sides. Dimensions outside 4J by 2§ by 8 inches deep. Inside 2| by 2 by 4 inches deep.

Eggs : Clutch two, ground-colour white, coloured with reddish spots all over, but more on the larger end, 20 mm. by 14. Jan. 12th, 1912.

It contained the egg of Cuculus pyrrophanus dumetorum, which has the ground-colour pale stone, with a ring round the larger end of brownish and lavender spots ; 18.5 by 13.5. '

1,229a. Ptilotis leucotis torkingtoni, subsp. n. Yellow-bellied White-eared Honey-eater.

Differs from P. 1. leucotis in its very yellow abdomen. Type, Torrington, New South Wales (near the Queens- : land border), No. 11,074.

Range, North New South Wales (Queensland ?).

1,229b. Ptilotis leucotis melanodera.

Victorian White-eared Honey-eater.

Philedon melanodera Quoy and Gaimard, Voy. de “1‘Astrol,” Zool., Vol. I., p. 191, PI. 8, .fig. 1, 1830. Western Port, Victoria.

Reference List No. 1,230 (pars.).

Range, Victoria.

1,336.    Read—Mirafra javanica halli.

Mirafra horsfieldi halli Bianchi, Bull. Acad. Imp. i Sci. St. Petersb.. Ser. 5, Vol. XXV., 1906, p. 81, 1907. Roebuck Bay Plains, North-west Australia.

This name has priority over M. milligani Mathews, I 1908. I have to thank Dr. C. W. Richmond for pointing out this interesting alteration.

1,377. For original reference read—-Pcephila atropygialis Diggles, Proc. Queensl. Philos. I Soc. 1876, p. 11. Normanton, Queensland.

Gregory M. Matiiews. I

_

THE

AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

/

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

VOL. I. No. 4.

ISSUED IN CONNEXION WITH THE

Austral Avian Museum, Watford, Herts, England

Editor

GREGORY M. MATHEWS
Price 1/6 Net

WITHERBY & CO. 326 High Holborn London, W.C. September 18th, 1912.

A&SIMtoX t>

THE AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD.

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA.

Voi.. I., No. 4.    September 18th, 1912.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

Additions ... to my Reference List ..    .. 81

On the Generic Name of the Barn-Owl ..    .. 104

Additions and Corrections to my Reference List to the Birds of Australia.

Herewith I indicate new subspecies of Australian birds, and as a preface to so doing would comment upon a recent criticism of that Reference List. In the Ibis, 1912, p. 546, appear the sentences, “ It is evident that Mr. Mathews takes quite a different view from his fellow-workers of what is sufficient variation to necessitate the recognition of a subspecies ... It is quite impossible to go into controversy with . . . but we are quite certain that there must be a mistake somewhere . . . his proposal ... is not likely to be

accepted by his fellow-workers in Australia, although it may meet the approval of some of the more ardent members of the new school.”

Of course, it is quite impossible to go into controversy with anyone totally unacquainted with the subject they criticise, and as the article is uninitialed I presume the Editors of the Ibis are responsible ; so I must fall back upon the contributors to that journal for examples of the work of “ fellow-workers,” as the American ornithologists might be cited as members of the “ new school.” The first name in that same number is W. R. Ogilvie-Grant, and I would consider that writer would not claim to belong to the “ new school,” more especially as he is the champion cited in the above criticism, on account of his revision of the Australian Crows.

In a recent number of the Bull. Brit. Ornith. Club., Vol. XXIX., pp. 20-7, Ogilvie-Grant introduced some new species, four of which are given the following characters: “(1) The upper-parts uniform deep black instead of dull brownish-black ; (2) Larger, and with the throat and breast paler ; (3) larger, and with a shorter and stouter bill ;    (4) by its much longer bill,

and by having the concealed edges of the dense feathers of the rump grey, instead of pure white.”

I agree with Mr. Ogilvie-Grant that the above characters are sufficient cause for differentiation—but I consider them of subspecific value only, not specific. Otherwise 1 fail to see where I disagree as to the amount of variation necessary for the nomination of a new form.

The views of my fellow-workers in Australia may be crystallized by example in the same definite manner. In Bulletin No. 3 of the Royal Austral. Ornith. Union, 21.5.12, A. J. Campbell describes three new birds. No one acquainted with this worker would suggest his adherence to the “ new school,” yet his differential characters are : (1) Smaller, possessing the same lustrous deep blue-black plumage as the larger ; (2) “ General

coloration is more yellow ” while the dark mark across the face is brownish instead of dull black ; (3) similar, except for size being smaller.”

I cannot see any difference between these diagnostic characters and the ones I have given, though, as I note above, 1 consider my forms to be of subspecific value only, and moreover the material I handled convinced me of the necessity of naming these forms. I would also record that I hold a very conservative view as to what constitutes specific difference, and that a very large number of my subspecific forms would be granted specific rank by many good fellow-workers.

I have here to thank Mr. Witmer Stone for sending me over a list of the Gouldian type-birds and their localities. This necessitates re-naming about half the birds described in the following pages :—

19. Excat.i'actoiua chinensis cairnsas, subsp. n.

Northern Chestnut-bellied Quail.

Differs from E. c. australis in being much darker above, and in having the belly darker chestnut.

Type, Cairns, Queensland, No. 11,796.

Range, North Queensland.

19a. Excalfactoria chinensis australis Gould.

Type from South Australia.

42. The earliest reference is

Carpophaga assimilis Gould, in Jardine’s Contr. Ornith., 1850, p. (160) 106. Cape York.

Note.—Through the delay in publication of the Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, the diagnoses published in Jardine’s Contributions to Ornithology have precedence. Seven are published and six of these do not cause alterations save in the reference; the seventh necessitates a re-arrangement which will be duly noted in its place, Nos. 1133 and 1134.

52a. Geopelia placida hedleyi, subsp. n.

Cape York Ground-Dove.

Differs from G. p. Iranquilla in its darker coloration and smaller size.

Type, Cape York, North Queensland, No. 12,251. Range, Cape York.

138. Add as synonym—

Procellaria parclela Oken, Lehrb. fur Naturg.. Vol. 111., Zook. p. 533, 1816. Cape Seas.

144. Pelecanoides urinatrix beucheri, subsp. n. Australian Diving Petrel.

Differs from P. u. urinatrix in being smaller, and in having the under surface of the wings whiter and the grey of the breast not joined in a band. The nostrils are also larger.

Type, Australian seas, No. 13,938.

Range, Australian seas (breeding in the islands).

233a. Limicola falcineblus sibirica.

I have received this bird from Melville Island ; so its Australian range is now North-west Australia and Northern Territory.

When recording this bird for the first time for Australia (ante, p. 31), 1 gave the history of the specific name, and would point out that the second paragraph on p. 32 contains a slight error.

The date of the Naturhist. Dannemark quotation should be 1705 not 1763.

The correct quotation of the earlier date should read : Scolopax falcinellus Pontoppidan, Danske Atlas, Vol. I., p. 402, 1763. The natural history portion there contained was reprinted under the title I gave, two years later. And, unfortunately, I gave the later quotation

with the earlier date. It would be noticed that there was an error, as I gave Brunnich’s description, and he quoted a different plate number and reference to the one I included.

238. RoSTIiATl'LA AUSTRALIS EITZROYI, Subsp. n. Western Painted Snipe.

Differs from B. a. australis in its larger size, and in having the spottings on the wing much lighter.

Type, Fitzroy River, North-west Australia, No. 11,994. Range, North-west Australia, Northern Territory.

247a. Esacus magnirostris melvillensis, subsp. n. Allied Long-billed Stone-Plover.

Differs from E. m. neglectus in being darker above, and in having the lesser wing-coverts almost black.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 13,452. Range, Northern Territory.

274a. Demigeetta sacra buchahani, subsp. n.

Northern White Reef Heron.

Differs from D. s. greyi in its much longer tarsus and smaller wing.

Type, Buchanan’s Island, Northern Territory, No.13,292.

Range, Northern Territory.

291a. Anseranas semipaliiata iiajiiltoni, subsp. n. Western Pied Goose.

Differs from A. s. semipalmata in its larger-sized wing, and in having the knob on the head larger.

Type, North-west Australia, No. 697.

Range, North-west Australia, Northern Territory.

296a. Dendrocygna javanica feroni, subsp. n. Western Whistling Duck.

Differs from D. j. gouldi in its much darker undersurface.

Type, North-west Australia, No. 12,199.

Range, North-west Australia (Fitzroy River).

297a. Dendrocygna eytosti munna, subsp. n.

Eastern Plumed Whistling Duck.

Differs from D. e. eytoni in having a longer wing and shorter bill; the lower-breast is also much paler.

Type, Queensland, No. 3,797.

Range, Queensland and New South Wales.

298a. Tadorna radjah flindersi, subsp. n.

Eastern White-headed Sheld-duck.

Differs from T. r. rvfitergum in its smaller wing, viz. 270 mm. ; the wing of rufitergum. measures 285 mm. Type, Cooktown, Queensland, No. 5,804.

Range, Queensland.

301a. NeTTION CASTAiTETJM ROGERSI, Subsp. n.

Western Teal.

The adult male differs from the adult female of N. c. castaneum in being considerably lighter on the head and back ; and in having the centre of the feathers of the under-surface not so dark.

Type, North-west Australia, No. 735..

Range, North-west Australia ; Northern Territory.

306a. Malacorhynchus membranaceus assimilis, subsp. n.

Western Pink-eared Duck.

Differs from M. m. membranaceus in its smaller wing-measurement and lighter coloration generally.

Type, Fitzroy River, North-west Australia, No. 12,203. Range, North-west Australia.

307a. Stictonetta nævosa lesueuri, subsp. n. Eastern Freckled Duck.

Differs from S. n. nævosa in being much darker above > with the feathers not so marked with white.

Type, New South Wales, No. 749.

Range, New South Wales ; South Australia.

308a. Nyroca nyroca dampieri, subsp. n.

Western White-eyed Duck.

Differs from N. n. australis in its smaller size and lighter coloration.

Type, Fitzroy River, North-west Australia, No. 12,193. Range, North-west Australia.

309a. Oxyura australis victoriæ, subsp. n.

Eastern Blue-billed Duck.

Differs from 0. a. australis in its larger size and the markings on the back not so pronounced.

Type, Victoria, No. 12,196.    .

Range, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia.

310a. Biziura lobata westralis, subsp. n.

Western Murk-Duck.

Differs from B. 1. lobata in its darker coloration, and in general having the lobe on the under mandible larger. Type, West Australia, No. 13,939.

Range, West Australia.

312. Read—Carbo ater sulcirostris.

312a. Carbo ater ater Lesson, Traité d’Orn., p. 604, 1S31 ; Pucheran, Revue Zool., 1850, p. 627 ; Sharks Bay, West Australia.

Western Little Black Cormorant.

Range, West Australia.

When Pucheran reviewed Lesson’s types he compared the bird to C. cJialconotus Gray, and in the monograph of these birds in the Cat. Birds Brit. Mus. the name was questionably placed in the synonymy of that species from Sharks Lay; it could scarcely be that bird, as C. chalconotus was an endemic New Zealand form. The description, of course, applies perfectly to this species.

313a. Carbo gouldi tunneyi, subsp. n.

Western White-breasted Cormorant.

Differs from C. g. gouldi in its larger size ; wing 284. Type, South-west Australia, No. 4,457.

Range, South-west Australia.

314a. Cakbo varius pekthi, subsp. n.

Western Pied Cormorant.

Differs from C. v. hypoleucos in its smaller wing and stronger bill.

Type, Perth, West Australia, No. 771.

Range, West Australia.

323a. Phasthon rubkicauda westralis, subsp. n. Australian Red-tailed Tropic-Bii’d.

Differs from P. r. rubricauda in its much larger wing. Type, West Australia, No. 4,460.

Range, West Australia.

353a. Haliastur sphenurus territori, subsp. n. Northern Whistling Eagle.

Differs from H. s. sphenurus in being darker generally, it is also smaller.

Type, Northern Territory, No. 12,135.

Range, North-west Australia, Northern Territory.

542.

The earliest reference is Halcyon (Syma ?) flavirostris Gould, in Jardine’s Contr. Ornith., 1850, p. 105 ; Cape York.

See Note after No. 42 (ante).

547. Dacelo leachii kempi, subsp. n.

Northern Blue-winged Kingfisher.

Differs from D. 1. leachii in being smaller in size and darker in colour.

Type, Cape York, No. 13,227.

Range, Cape York, North Queensland.

5G2.

The earliest reference is Tanysiptera sylvia Gould, in Jardine’s Contr. Ornith., 1850, p. 105; Cape York. See Note after No. 42 (ante).

631a. Petroica multicolor samueli, subsp. n. Kangaroo Island Scarlet-breasted Robin.

Differs from P. m. leggii in having the breast a much deeper scarlet and the head and back much darker.

Type, Kangaroo Island. No. 12,350.

Range, Kangaroo Island.

633. Petroica chrysoptera addenda, subsp. n. Flame-breasted Robin.

Differs from P. c. phoenicea (from South Australia) in its larger size and lighter upper surface.

Type, New South Wales, No. 7,927.

Range, New South Wales.

668a. Gerygone l^ivigaster broomei, subsp. n. Broome Bay Fly-eater.

Differs from G. 1. Icevigaster in being less reddish-brown above, and in wanting the buff on lower suface.

Type, Napier, Broome Bay, North-west Australia, No. 6,530.

Range, North-west Australia (coast).

702. Add as synonym—

Timixos meruloides Blyth, Journ. As. Soc. Bengal, Vol. XI., p. 195, 1842; Tasmania.

716. Add as synonym—■

Bhipidura nassata “ 111.” Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av., Vol. I., p. 323, 1835, n.n; Tasmania.

719a. Rhipidura flabillifera buchanani, subsp. n. Melville Island Pheasant Fantail.

Differs from R. f. subphasiana in its larger size and lighter coloration.

Type, Buchanan Island, Northern Territory, No. 12,468. Range, Buchanan Island.

729a. Rhipidura setora isura.

729b. Rhipidura setora tormenti, subsp. n.

Western Fantail.

Differs from R. s. isura (from Port Essington) in being lighter above, and in having a longer bill and longer tail.

Type, Point Torment, North-west Australia, No. 8,678. Range, North-west Australia.

731a. Rhipidura tricolor utingu, subsp. n. Northern Black-and-White Fantail.

Differs from R. t. picata in its smaller size, wing 89 mm. Type, Cape York, No. 12,870.

Range, North Queensland.

736. Myiagra rubecula broomei, subsp. n.

Western Blue Flycatcher.

Differs from M. r. concinna (from Port Essington) in being darker above and larger in the wing.

Type, Napier, Broome Bay, North-west Australia, No.' 6,235.

Range, North-west Australia.

No. 4.] THE AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD 736a. Myiagra rubecula concinna.

739. Myiagra latirostris tormenti, subsp, n. Western Broad-billed Flycatcher.

Differs from M. 1. latirostris (from Port Essington) in being lighter above, and having a narrower bill.

Type, Point Torment, North-west Australia, No. 8,701. Range, North-west Australia.

739a. Myiagra latirostris latirostris.

748. Monarcha alicto tormenti, subsp. n.

Western Shining Flycatcher.

Differs from M. a. nitida (from Port Essington) in having a much narrower bill and in being smaller.

Type, Point Torment, North-west Australia, No. 8,691. Range, North-west Australia.

748a. Monarcha alecto nitida.

749a. Monarcha alecto alecto Temminck Drymophila alecto Temminck and Laugier, Plan. Col. d’Ois., Vol. IV., pi. 430, 70 livr., 1827 ; Celebes.

New Guinea Shining Flycatcher.

Range, Cape York, North Queensland (fide Campbell, Emu, Vol. XIT., p. 20, 1912).

752.

The earliest reference is Monarcha leucotis Gould, in Jardine’s Contr. Ornitb., 1850, p. 105* ; Cape York.

See Note after No. 42 (ante).

758. Delete from synonymy—

Colluricincla concinna Hutton.

765. Add as synonym—

Colluricincla concinna Hutton, Cat. Birds New Zeal., p. 15, 1871; New Zealand.

793. The earliest reference is—

Drymodes superciliaris Gould, in Jardine’s Contr. Ornitli., 1850, p. 105 ; Cape York.

See after No. 42 (ante).

801a. Psophodes olivaceits magntrostris, subsp. n. Large-billed Coachwhip Bird.

Differs from Psophodes o. olivaceus in its much larger bill ; the tip of the tail-feathers is white ; wing 103 mm., culmen 23.

Type, Rockhampton, Queensland, No. 10,980.

Range, Queensland.

852.    Acrocephalus australis inexpectatus, subsp. n. Southern Reed-Warbler.

Differs from A. a. australis (from South Australia) in its darker colour above and below.

Type, New South Wales, No. 4,614.

Range, New South Wales.

853.    Acrocephalus australis australis.

865a. Megalurus alisteri melvillensis, subsp. n. Melville Island Grass-Bird.

Differs from M. a. alisteri in being darker above and in having a shorter wing.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 13,641. Range, Melville Island.

889. Acanthiza lixeata goulburni, subsp. n.

Striated Tit.

Differs from A. 1. lineata (from South Australia) in being distinctly less green above and almost white below.

Type, New South Wales, No. 7,639.

Range, New South Wales.

892. Acanthiza lineata lineata.

936. Add as synonym—

Motacilla superba Shaw, Nat. Misc., Vol. I., pi. 10, Nov., 1789 ; Tasmania.

936a. Malurus cyaneus samueli, subsp. n.

Flinders Island Blue Wren.

Differs from M. c. cyaneus in having the throat and breast much darker blackish-blue ; itds also smaller.

Type, Flinders Island, No. 12,348.

Range, Flinders Island.

936b. Malurus cyaneus fletcuer.e, subsp. n.

North Tasmanian Blue Wren.

Differs from M. c. australis in its shorter tail; the blue on the throat is darker and the blue band on the back is lighter.

Type, North Tasmania (Ringarooma), No. 2,262. Range, North Tasmania.

I designate the type-locality of M. longicaudus Gould,

M. superba Shaw, and M. gouldi Sharpe as south of Tasmania, where the type of M. cyanea Gm. came from, as these three all have the longer tails.

995a. Artamus per.sonatits munna, subsp. n.

Masked Wood-Swallow.

Differs from A. p. personatus (from South-west Australia) in having the black of the forehead much more pronounced and in having a thicker bill.

Type, New South Wales, No. 7,300.

1011b. Colltjricincla brunnea roebucki, subsp. n. Little Brown Shrike-Thrush.

Differs from C. b. parryi in its general earth-brown coloration and smaller size (wing 118 mm.).

Type, Roebuck Bay, North-west Australia, No. 10,998. Range, Mid-Westralia.

1012a. COLLXJRICmCLA RUFIVENTRIS MURCHISONI, subsp. n.

Murchison Buff-bellied Shrike-Thrush.

Differs from C. r. rufiventris in having a brown back, not slate-blue ; the throat is brown and the belly has no white.

Type, East Murchison, Westralia, No. 3,896.

Range, Mid-Westralia (East Murchison).

1015b. Colluricincla parvula conigravi, subsp. n. Western Little Shrike-Thrush.

Differs from G. p. alligator in its larger size and lighter under-surface.

Type, Admiralty Gulf, North-west Australia, No. 13,048.

Range, North-west Australia.

1032a. Cracticus quoyi jardini, subsp. n.

Cape York Black Butcher-Bird.

Differs from C. q. rufescens De Vis (black phase) in its absolutely larger size, and from C. q. spaldingi in its

noticeably smaller bill ; which is even less than in New Guinea examples of C. q. quoyi.

Type, Cape York, No. 9,785.

Range, North Queensland (Cape York).

1043. Ckactictjs mentalis kempi, subsp. n.

Cape York Black-backed Butcher-Bird.

Differs from C. m. mentalis in its smaller size throughout.

Type, Cape York, No. 13,154.

Range, Queensland (Cape York).

In the Emu, Vol. X., p. 339, 1911, Campbell recorded the New Guinea C. mentalis Salvadori and cTAlbertis as a Cape York breeding bird. I have now received a series of birds from that locality, and upon comparison with a series from the type-locality I find that the Cape York bird is smaller in every dimension. An immature specimen from Nicura (the type-locality) which is just commencing to take on the adult-plumage, has a wing equalling that of the largest Australian specimen, while its bill is much heavier. The back of the neck in the Australian bird has less white, and the white on the tail-feathers is less extensive. The bill in the New Guinea bird is longer and heavier, and the tarsi are also longer and stouter. Measurements of largest Australian specimen :—

Depth.

Wing.

Tarsus.

Culmen (exp.) 36

14

145.5

28 mm.

Juvenile 36

16

146

31 „

(Nicura)

Adults 41-42.5

16

151-153

31 ,,

(Nicura)

1073. Neositta

PILEATA

BKOOMEI, subsp. n.

Western White-winged Treerunner.

Differs from N. p. leucoptera (from Port Essington) in having the centre of the feathers of the back very much darker, and the rump whiter.

Type, Napier, Broome Bay, North-west Australia, No. 5,741.

Range, North-west Australia.

1,073a. Neositta pileata leucoptera.

1,109. Add as synonym—

Pypra gularis Lewin, Birds of New Holland, pi. vn., 1808; New South Wales.

1,121a. Pardalotus punctatus millitaris, subsp. n. Northern Spotted Pardalote.

Differs from P. p. punctatus in being darker above, lighter below, and in having a much heavier bill, shorter wing, and a more yellowish vent.

Type, Cairns, No. 13,837.

Range, Cairns, North Queensland.

1,129a. Pardalotus melanocephalus barroni, subsp. n.

Northern Black-headed Pardalote.

Differs from P. m. melanocephalus in having the rump orange-yellow, not buff ; it is also lighter on the back. Type, Cairns, Queensland, No. 13,245.

Range, North Queensland.

1,130. Pardalotus melanocephalus tormenti, subsp. n.

Yellow-rumped Pardalote.

Differs from P. m. uropygidlis (from Port Essington) in being lighter on the back and in having a bright yellow rump.

Type, Point Torment, North-west Australia, No. 8,471. Range, North-west Australia (coast).

1,131a. Pardalotus melanocephalus uropygialis.

1.133.    ClNNYRIS frenata macgillivrayi, subsp. n.

Cape York Sun-Bird.

Differs from G. f. australis Gould ( = C. /. olivei Mathews in its shorter bill and greener or lemon-yellow lower-breast and abdomen ; and from G. f. jrenata Muller (typical specimens procured by Brit. Orn. Exp., New Guinea) in its longer bill and larger size.

Type, North Queensland (Cape York), No. 9,810.

Range, North Queensland (Cape York).

1.134.    ClNNYRIS FRENATA AUSTRALIS.

Cairns Sun-Bird.

Nectarinia australis Gould, in Jardine’s Contr. Ornith., 1850, p. (160) 106 ; Port Molle, Queensland.

Synonym—Cinnyris frenata olivei Mathews, Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIII., p. 391, 1912 ; Cairns, North Queensland.

Range, North Queensland (Cairns.).

In Jardine’s Contr. Ornith., N. australis is described, and Gould notes : “ Differs from N. froenata in its larger size, in its straighter bill, and in the stripe of yellow over the eye being almost obsolete. It is the bird spoken of in Mr. McGilhvray’s paper as N. pectoralis, which name cannot be retained, as it had been previously applied to another member of the genus. McGilhvray’s letter is quoted and we read, ‘ At Port Molle I shot . . . Here the captain’s servant shot a small Nectarinia pectoralis, respecting which I gave you a note of its having been found by Captain Ince and myself to the northward.’ ”

I have concluded it would be therefore best to accept Port Molle as the type-locality of the bird described by Gould, as Nectarinia australis is the sixth bird delineated, and after the fifth is a note : “ The species

described above are all from the continent of Australia, and were chiefly obtained on Cape York Peninsula,” thus apparently excluding this bird.

1,140. Melithreptus lunatus yokki, subsp. n. Northern White-throated Honey-eater.

Differs from M. 1. albogularis (from Port Essington) in being more greenish-yellow above, and in having a wider white nuchal band on the back of the head. Type, Cape York, Queensland, No. 13,201.

Range, Cape York.

1,141a. Melithreptus lunatus albogularis.

1.165.    Myzomela nigra ashbyi, subsp. n.

Black Honey-eater.

Differs from M. n. nigra (from West Australia) in its larger size and lighter upper coloration.

Type, Mount Barker, South Australia, No. 3,025. Range, South Australia to Queensland.

1.166.    Myzomela nigra nigra.

1,190. Add as synonym—

Lacustroica alfredi Campbell, Emu, Vol. IX., p. 166, 1910. Nude name.

1,198. Stigmatofs indistincta ouida, subsp. n. Queensland Least Honey-eater.

Differs from S. i. ocularis in its smaller size and darker throat.

Type, Cairns, No. 13,840.

Range, Cairns, North Queensland.

1,206. Add as synonym—•

Ptilotis minuta Pelzeln, CEstern. Freg Novara, Birds, p. 56, 1865 ; Sydney, New South Wales.

1,223. Add as synonym—

Ptilotis sub-chrysops Campbell, Bull. R.A.O.U., No. 3., 1912. Bellenden Ker, Queensland.

1,224a. Ptilotis chrysops samueli, subsp. n.

Dark Yellow-faced Honey-eater.

Differs from P. c. beaconsfieldi in its much darker coloration above and below.

Type, Ranges fifty miles north of Adelaide, South Australia, No. 13,094.

Range, South Australia.

1,229a. Ptilotis leucotis thomasi.

Nom. nov. for P. 1. munna Mathews, Austral Avian Rec., Vol. I., No. 2, p. 50, 1912 ; not P. ornatus munna Mathews, Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIII., p. 410, 1912.

1,236a. Ptilotis cratitia carpentariensis.

Gulf Honey-eater.

Ptilotis carpentariensis Campbell, Bull. R.A.O.U.. No. 3, 1912 ; Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland.

1,236. Ptilotis cratitia samueli, subsp. n. Wattle-cheeked Honey-eater.

Differs from P. c. cratitia (from Kangaroo Island) in its smaller size and generally duller coloration.

Type, Eyre’s Peninsula, South Australia, No. 9,657. Range, South Australia.

1,249a. Ptilotis chrysotis graingeri, subsp. n. Allied Yellow-fronted Honey-eater.

Differs from P. c. ethelce in its more slender bill, and in having less yellow on the throat; and the black feathers above the ear-patch narrow.

Type, Mount Grainger, South Australia, No. 11,671. Range, adjoining parts of New South Wales and South Australia.

1,268. The earliest reference is—

Ptilotis filigera Gould, Suppl. Birds Austr. pi. 42, March, 15, 1851 ; Cape York, Queensland.

The Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1850, p. 278, was not published until late in 1852 ! !

1,275. Read—Meliornis nov^e-hollandi^e canescens.

Sylvia canescens Latham, Index Ornith., Vol. II., p. 553, 1790 ; Tasmania.

This name displaces M. n. diemenensis Mathews.

In the British Museum is preserved the manuscript diagnosis of birds drawn up by Mr. Anderson, and examination shows that this name must be used as above.

Latham gave a detailed description “ from the papers of Mr. Anderson,” but altered somewhat that gentleman’s diagnosis, which reads : “ The length six inches and a half. The Bill straight, subulated, a little compressed and as long as the head. The head Black ; a little of the forehead, a streak above and before the eyes white. The back mixt with a little white. The wings brownish with the outer margin of the quill feathers (except a few of the inner ones) of a bright yellow, hence a large yellow spot on the wings. The tail shorter than the body, with half the outer margin of the feathers next their base yellowish and the point of the two outer ones marked with a white spot on the inner edge. The body white below with the breast and vent feathers streaked longitudinally with black. The feet black.-

1,294. Myzantha flavigula casuarina, subsp. n.

Pale Minah.

Differs from M. /. alligator in its much paler upper surface, lighter ear-coverts, and in having a white rump.

Type, Mount Casuarina, North-west Australia, No. 12,944.

Range, Mount Casuarina.

1,295. Add as synonyms—

Mimus carunculatus Buller, Essay, New. Zeal. Ornith., p. 10, 1865 ; New Zealand.

Anthoclicera bulleri Finsch, Journ. fiir Ornith., 1867, p. .307 ; New Zealand.

1,298. Add as synonym—•

Creadion pedunculatus Voigt’s ed. Cuvier’s Thierreich, Vol. I., p. 497, 1831 ; Tasmania.

1,300a. Anellobia chrysoptera iialmaturina, subsp. n.

Kangaroo Island Red-wattle Bird.

Differs from A. c. intermedia in its much darker colour generally, and form A. c. tasmania in its smaller size. Type, Kangaroo Island, No. 12,794.

Range, Kangaroo Island, South Australia.

1,311a. Entomyzon cyanotis hedleyi, subsp. n. Little Blue-faced Honey-eater.

Differs from E. c. harterti in its smaller size and thinner bill.

Type, Cape York, Queensland, No. 13,214.

Range, Cape York.

1,314a. Philemon argenticeps kempi, subsp. n.

Little silvery-crowned Friar-Bird.

Differs from P. a. argenticeps in its generally smaller size. Type, Cape York, Queensland, No. 13,208.

Range, Cape York.

1,314. Philemon argenticeps broomei, subsp. n. Western Silvery-crowned Friar-Bird.

Differs from P. a. argenticeps (from Port Essington) in its larger size and longer bill.

Type, Napier, Broome Bay, North-west Australia, No. 5,618.

Range, North-west Australia.

PtAKIN UNIVERSITY UiRAÍ»

1,315a. Philemon argenticeps argenticeps.

1,316a. Philemon biiceroides yorki, subsp. n. Northern Helmeted Friar-Bird.

Differs from P. b. biiceroides (from Cairns) in being much lighter above and below, and in having a deeper bill.

Type, Cape York, Queensland, No. 12,897.

Range, Cape York.

1,316b. Philemon buceroides gordoni, subsp. n. Melville Island Helmeted Friar-Bird.

Differs from P. b. buceroides in its much smaller size generally; the bill is very small, and the knob on the top of the culincn not much raised.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 13,602. Range, Melville Island.

1,339a. Mirafra javanica melvillensis, subsp. n. Northern Bush-Lark.

Differs from M. j. nigrescens in being much lighter on the back, the feathers having rufous edges ; the under surface being more like that part of woodwardi but not so red.

Type, Melville Island, Northern Territory, No. 13,605. Range, Melville Island.

1,342a. Zon.eointhuk bellus samueli, subsp. n. Kangaroo Island Fire-tailed Finch.

Differs from Z.b. bellus in its very much lighter colour and in wanting the black patch on the belly.

Type, Kangaroo Island, No. 12,354.

Range, Kangaroo Island.

1,402a. Ptilonorhynchus violacetts minor.

Lesser Satin Bower-Bird.

Ptilonorhynchus minor Campbell, Bull. R.A.O.U., No. 3, 1912 ; Herbert on.

Range, Queensland (North).

1,415. The earliest reference is—

Chlamydera cerviniventris Gould, in Jaixline’s Contr. Ornith., 1850, p. (100) 106 ; Cape York.

P. 302 before genus Microeca put family Muscica/pidce

„ 329

,, Orthonyx ,

Timeliidee

„ 339

,, T urdus ,

T urdidle

„ 342

Acrocephalus ,

Sylviidce

„ 366

., Artamus ,

Artamidce

„ 369

,, Colluricincla ,

Prionopidœ

„ 372

,, Cracticus ,

Laniidce

„ 377

,. ApJielocephala ,

Paridee

„ 379

,, Neositta

, Sittidce

„ 381

., Climacteris ,

, Certhiidœ

„ 384

Zosterops

. Zosteropidce

„ 386

,, Dicaeum

; Dicœidœ

„ 390

,, Cinnyris

, Nectariniidœ

„ 391

,, Melithreptus

, Meliphagidce

1,433.

Add as synonym—

Gracida chalybea Voigt’s ed. Cuvier’s Thierreich, Voi. I., p. 435, 1831 ; New South Wales.

DESCRIPTION OF EGGS.

633a. Petroica chrysoptera chrysoptera. Clutch three, ground-colour bluish-white, spotted more at the larger end with brown and lavender : 19 mm. by 15. Tasmania, 27.9.11.

1,103. Zosterops lateralis tasmanica. Clutch three, ground-colour light blue; 17.5 to 18.5 mm. by 13. Tasmania, 3.12.11.

ON THE GENERIC NAME OF THE BARN-OWL.

In the Nov. Zool., Vol. XVII., p. 500, 1910, I recorded) the fact that Aluco was invalidated for use in this ■ connection.

I accepted Tyto Billberg, 1828, noting that Tyta had been introduced by the same author eight years earlier, and indicated Hybris, 1840, as being apparently next in chronological order should some authors desire to reject Tyto. A recent American author accepted the challenge and used Hybris. This note is to record a better substitute for those who do not follow the International Code. Mr. C. Davies Sherborn, while engaged upon his invaluable work the Index Animalium, noted the introduction of the genus Flammea, and with his usual generosity brought it to my notice, and has allowed me this opportunity of making it publicly known, for which my thanks are here tendered.

In the Fauna de la Moselle by Fournel, published in 1836, the Owls are divided ; and on p. 101 the genus Flammea is diagnosed—the type, by monotypy, being Flammea vulgaris Fournel = Strix flammea Auct. — Strix alba Scopoli.

Consequently, those who would reject Tyto Billberg, 1828, may use Flammea Fournel, 1836, for the Barn-Owls, this name having priority over Hybris Nitzsch, 1840.

Gregory M. Mathews.

THE

AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

VOL. I. No. 5.

ISSUED IN CONNEXION WITH THE

Austral Avian Museum, Watford, Herts, England

Editor

GREGORY M. MATHEWS

Price 1/6 Net

WITHERBY & CO. 326 High Holborn London, VV.C. December 24th, 1912.


THE AUSTRAL RECORD.

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA.

Vol. I., No. 5.


December 24th, 1912.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

New Generic Names for Australian Birds.. .. 105 Additions ... to my Reference List ..    ..118

The Geographic Relationships of the Birds of Lord Howe, Norfolk and the Kermadec Islands .. 121 On the Generic Names Antigone and Mathewsia. . 122 New Subspecies of New Zealand Birds ..    .. 124

A New Bird for Australia ..    ..    ..    .. 125

A Changed Name ..    ..    ..    ..    .. 125

New Birds ..    . .    ..    ..    . .    . .    . . 126

Substitute-names .;    ..    ..    .    ..    .. 127

Additional Notes ..    ..    ..    ..    ..    .. 127

NEW GENERIC NAMES FOR AUSTRALIAN BIRDS.

By Gregory M. Mathews.

Some time ago I advocated the lumping of birds under a generic name, and was warned that my action would meet with little success as it had been tried and found wanting by the American Ornithologists’ Union.

My own studies in the Procellariiformes and Lariformes for my Birds of Australia soon convinced me of the inability to follow up genus-lumping in any consistent manner. Hitherto no regular system has been accepted in genus-lumping, but birds have been lumped together without much reason ; in some cases colour has been accorded generic rank and structural differences ignored ; in others supposed structural features have been utilised, colour-values being overlooked.

•Seebohm in the Geographical Distribution of the Charadrikke, 1887, wrote in the preface : “ The diagnosis [of a genus] must apply to every species in the genus

A 852>1 to* £

100    THE AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD [Vol. 1

and must be inapplicable to any species outside the genus. . . Modern genera must be genetic, they must indicate affinity ; but genera founded upon the shape of the bill or the number of the toes often associate birds together whose similarity is only one of analogy, where like causes have produced like effects, in very distinct genealogical lines.”

This is idealistic, and until we are able to form genetic genera, we have to make use of less perfect divisions. There can be no doubt that genera ignoring colour-values are liable to include analogous elements, and also that genera based on colour alone cannot be framed so that any consistency in their constitution can be assured.

The only way out of the difficulty, considering our present imperfect knowledge of the ontogeny and phylogeny of the lesser avian groups, is that followed by American ornithologists, viz. the recognition of many small, compact, easily defined groups usually compassed by colour, and the recognition of these as being of generic value. I have therefore decided to follow such writers as Berlepsch, Hellmavr, Ridgway, Oberholser, etc., who consistently use small compact genera, and my decision necessitated the examination of my collection with this point in view.

It would also appear that this method will appeal to Australian ornithologists, as instance A. J. Campbell, Emu, Vol. III., pp. 168-171, 1904, and more recently the comment in the same journal, Vol. XII., p. 51, 1812, regarding North’s genus Trichodere. I am therefore proposing new generic names for species which seem to merit such distinction, and intend to utilise these in my Birds of Australia.

Those who prefer to lump can follow my Reference List, where I accepted genera with as wide limits as could consistently be employed.

I would here note that as generic names I have introduced in many cases names composed of personal names of the ornithologists who have worked in Australia.

I draw attention to this, as there once appeared in the Emu a grumble regarding North’s action in a similar case. It seems a most appropriate method of nomination, and the ease with which such names become familiar and almost beautiful is evidenced by the fact that Botany has made household words of such names as Fuchsia, Dahlia, Gardenia, Banksia, etc.

The characters given hereafter are simply diagnostic, and do not depend on colour, though in most cases colour has been taken into consideration.

1.1 Peronista, gen. nov.

Differs from Dromiceius in its proportionately longer bill and much shorter tarsus.

Type, Dromaius peroni Rothschild.

123. Reinholdia, gen. n.

Differs from PuffinUs in its proportionately longer bill and much shorter tail, the letter being less than one-third the length of the }ving and not twice the length of the exposed culmen.

Type, Puffinus reinholdi Mathews.

541. Micralcyone, gen. nov.

Differs from Alcyone in its smaller size, longer slenderer bill and weaker feet, with shorter wings.

Type, Alcyone pusilla halli Mathews.

556. Sauropatis Cabanis und Heine, Mus. Hein., Vol. II., p. 152, 1860

Type, Halcyon sanctus, Vigors and Horsfield ; and

Cyanai.cyon Bonaparte, Consp., Vol. Aniso, p. 9, 1854.

Type (by sub desig.), Halcyon pyrrhopygia Gould ; must be utilised in place of Halcyon the type of w hich by original designation is H. senegalensis (Linné).

Examination of the type of Halcyon shows that the Australian Kingfishers have little affinity with the African ones, and so that Australian ornithologists can see the differences I have had the accompanying cuts prepared.

Halcyon senegalensis.


Sauropatis sanctus.


Whereas the African birds have the culmen curved and depressed towards the tip, the Australian ones have the culmen tending in an upward direction, the under mandible thereby becoming differently formed ; in the former the first primary is much shorter then the second, whereas in Sauropatis it is very nearly the same length, and in Cyanalcyon it is absolutely the longest. There can be little doubt that we are here dealing with distinct forms, and that the African name cannot be correctly utilised for the Australian birds. As a matter of fact the latter would be better placed in Todiramphus than in Halcyon by genus lumpers.

603. Habeiwhitea, gen. nov.

Differs from Menura in the different form of the tail, lacking the long curved outer rectrix.

Type, Menura alberti Bonaparte.

628. Kempia, gen. nov.

Differs from Microeca in its broader bill, shorter wing and shorter toes ; the third primary is the longest, the fourth shorter, though longer than the fifth, the second longer than the seventh ; the first primary proportionately longer than in that genus. In the genus Microeca the third and fourth primaries are subequal, the fifth very slightly shorter.

Type, Microeca flavigaster Gould.

633a. Littleka, gen. nov.

Differs from Petroica in its weaker bill and feet, though having a longer wing with a proportionately shorter first primary.

Tj'pe, Muscicapa chrysoptera Quoy et Gaimard.

637. Belchera, gen. nov.

Differs from Erythrodryas in its shorter broader bill, with weaker legs and feet; the wing has the fourth primary longest and the first primary proportionately

shorter than in the genus named, which has also the fifth primary longest. The tail is almost square.

Type, Petroica rosea Gould.

638. Whiteornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Petroica in its much shorter weaker bill and weaker legs and feet.

Type, Muscicapa, goodenovii Vigors and Horsfield.

664. Etiielornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Pseudogerygone in its much stouter wider bill, while the first primary is proportionately much longer than in that genus.

Type, Gerygone magnirostris Gould.

666. Wilson avis, gen. nov.

Differs from Pseudogerygone in its very short slender bill and very short weak feet.

Type, Psilopus fusca Gould.

App. 10. Royigerygone, gen. nov.

Differs from Pseudogerygone in its much longer slenderer bill and stouter legs and feet, with the first primary proportionately longer. This genus shows an approach to Hapolorhynchus Reichenow.

Type, Gerygone mathewsae Mathews.

684. Tregellasia, gen. nov.

Differs from Pcecilodryas in its shorter wider bill, weaker legs and feet and different wing formula.

Type, Eopsaltria capito Gould.

699. Gilbertornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Pachycephala in its stouter bill and longer tail which is square, not forked, and in its proportionately much longer and broader first primary of the wing. Type, Pachycephala rufogularis Gould.

701. Mattingleya, gen. nov.

Differs from Pachycephala in its longer thinner bill, though much shorter wing and tail and weaker feet, with the first primary longer proportionately.

Type, Pachycephala peninsulce Hartert.

705. Alisterornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Pachycephala in its larger bill and in having the first and second primary longer than in that genus.

Type, Pachycephala lanioid.es buchanani Mathews.

713. Quoyornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Eopsaltria in its stronger bill, legs and feet and its shorter and more rounded wings with the first primary proportionately longer, and the fourth, fifth and sixth longest and sub-equal, the second equalling the seventh.

Type, Muscicapa georgiana, Quoy et Gaimard.

724. Howeavis, gen. nov.

Differs from Rliipidura in its much longer stouter bill and stouter feet with a proportionately longer first primary.

Type, Muscicapa rufifrons Latham.

752. Carterornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Piezorhynchus in its weaker bill and feet and in its different wing-formula : the third, fourth, fifth and sixth primaries are sub-equal and longest, the seventh longer than the second which is about twice the length of the first, the eighth sub-equal with second ; from Symposiachrus in its longer narrower bill and different wing-formula.

Type, Monarcha leucotis Gould.

777. Macrortiionyx, gen. nov.

Differs from Orthonyx in its more powerful bill and stronger legs and feet, with longer wings and tail; in

the wing the first primary is proportionately longer and the second shorter than in Orthonyx ; the fourth, fifth and sixth primaries longest and subequal.

Type, Orthonyx spaldingi Ramsay.

784. Samuela, gen. nov.

Differs from Cinclosoma in its weaker bill, legs and feet and in its differently shaped tail and wing ; the tail is comparatively short and rounded, not long and fanshaped ; the wing has the second primary almost equal to the succeeding three which are longest and subequal and longer than the sixth ; in Cinclosoma the second primary is noticeably shorter than the third and also shorter than the sixth while the first primary is proportionately longer in that genus.

Type, Cinclosoma cinnamomeum Gould.

812. Morganornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Pomatostomus in its proportionately longer bill though shorter wing and weaker feet ; in the wing the first and second primaries are proportionately shorter than in that genus.

Type, Pomatorliinus superciliosus Vigors and Hors-field.

8G5. Dulciornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Megalurus in its shorter bill and weaker feet while the wings and tail are also shorter ; from Poodytes in its stronger stouter bill and stronger feet with longer wings and comparatively shorter tail; the wing has the first primary comparatively longer than in Poodytes.

Type, Megalurus nlisteri Mathews.

888. Milligania, gen. nov.

Differs from Acanthiza in its stouter bill and longer thinner legs and feet.

Type, Acanthiza robustirostris Milligan.

977. Maccoyornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Sphenura in its more powerful bill and stronger feet and legs and in the longer wing and tail.

Type, Sphenura broadbenti McCoy.

949. Hallornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Malurus in its weaker bill and feet, its longer more wedge-shaped tail, and in lacking the erectile ear-coverts.

Type, Malurus cyanotus Gould.

954. Leggeornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Malurus in its heavier bill and longer wedge-shaped tail though possessing erectile ear-coverts. Type, Malurus lamberti Vigors and Horsfield.

964.    Rosina, gen. nov.

Differs from Malurus in its much longer stouter bill with curved-over tip; much stronger feet and the first primary longer, the second proportionately shorter. Type, Malurus coronatus Gould.

965.    Ryania, gen. nov.

Differs from Malurus in its shorter wing and tail and in lacking the erectile ear-coverts.

Type, Muscicapa melanocephala Latham.

995. Campbellornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Artamus in its longer, more curved and much narrower bill and its comparatively longer tail though shorter wing.

Type, Ocypterus personatus Gould.

997. Austrartamus, gen. nov.

Differs from Artamus in its narrow and weaker bill, and weaker feet and much shorter wing ; from Campbellornis in its shorter broader bill and shorter tail.

Type, Artamus melanops Gould.

1002.    Pseudartamus, gen. nov.

Differs from Austrartamus in its much shorter broader bill and weaker feet.

Type, Loxia cyanoptera Latham (=Turdu$ sordidus Latham).

1003.    Micrartamtts, gen. nov.

Differs from Pseudartamus in its still weaker bill, though broad and weaker feet and shorter wings and tail. Type, Artamus minor Vieillot.

1020. Bowyeria, gen. nov.

Differs from Pinarolestes in its stouter heavier bill, and stronger feet with longer wings and tail, and from Colluricincla in its much shorter wings and tail though as stout in the bill and feet.

Type, Collyriocincla boweri Ramsay.

1031. Melloria, gen. nov.

Differs from Cracticus in its stouter longer bill and longer wing and tail and stouter feet.

Type, Cracticus quoyi tunneyi Hartert (=C. spaldingi Masters).

1076. Neosittella, gen. nov.

Differs from Neositta in its shorter stouter bill and weaker legs and feet, and shorter wing with comparatively longer first primary.

Type, Sitella striata Gould.

1079. Whitlocka, gen. nov.

Differs from Climacteris in its shorter stouter bill and stronger feet and comparatively much longer first primary ; from Neoclima in its broader heavier bill and longer first primary though shorter wing.

Type, Climacteris melanura Gould.

1,080. Neoclima, gen. nov.

Differs from Climacteris in its shorter, more slender, less curved bill and stronger feet, the longer wing with comparatively longer first primary.

Type, Climacteris picumnus Temminck.

], 112. Pardalotinus, gen. nov.

Differs from Pardalotus in its stronger bill and much stouter legs and feet, and with the first primary of the wing longest; in Pardalotus the second and third primaries are longest and subequal, the first longer than the fourth.

Type, Pipra striata Gmelin.

1,132. Nesopardalotus, gen. nov.

Differs from Pardalotus in its shorter, heavier bill, and in the wing-formula, the first four primaries being longest and subequal.

Type, Pardalotus quadragintus Gould.

1,187. Ramsayornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Gliciphila in its shorter but comparatvely stouter bill, with weaker legs and feet; the wing is shorter and the tail comparatively much shorter, while the first and second primaries are proportionately shorter.

Type, Gliciphila subfasciata Ramsay.

1,204. Microptilotis, gen. nov.

Differs from Ptilotis in its absolutely longer though more slender bill, while the wing is shorter and the legs and feet weaker.

Type, Ptilotis gracilis Gould.

1,295. Coleia, gen. nov.

Differs from Anthochcera in its longer bill and short rounded wattles, and from Dyottornis in its shorter wing and tail and different shaped wattles, though the bill is as powerful.

Type, Merops carunculatus Latham.

Note. —Anthochcera was introduced by Vigors and Horsfield in the Trans. Linn. Soc. (Lond.), Vol. XV., p. 320, 1820, and three species were attached, A. carunculata, A. mellivora, and A. phrygia. In a footnote they added A. lewinii and noted that Merops novce-zealandias may be referred to this group. No type was designated, and A. carunculata Latham has been generally accepted as type. But A. carunculata Vigors and Horsfield was not M. carunculatus Latham as they supposed, but Corvus paradoxus Daudin, which they included in the synonymy. Their A. lewinii, only added in the footnote, is the true M. carunculatus Latham. Consequently, the acceptance of A. carunculata (nec Latham) as type would involve the use of Anthochcera for Corvus paradoxus Daudin. But Vigors and Horsfield carefully diagnosed their genus, and this diagnosis, upon which the genus must stand, forbids such action. The words “ Cauda elongata, rotundata, vix gradata ” are not applicable to Daudin’s species, but are quite correct when A. mellivora (the second species) is examined. I therefore designate this as type of Anthochcera Vigors and Horsfield, and have generically named the other species as above. Thus Anthochcera Vigors and Horsfield, 1826, will replace Anellobia Cabanis, 1851, and Dyottornis will replace Anthochcera Auct., not Vigors and Llorsfield.

1,298. Dyottornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Anthochcera Vigors and Horsfield, Type A. mellivora ( — Merops chrysopterus Latham), in its longer bill, much stronger feet, longer wing and very long fan-shaped tail, and the presence of long pendulous wattles.

Type, Corvus paradoxus Daudin.

1,316. Neophilémon, gen. nov.

Differs from Philemon in the presence of a high swollen protuberance on the basal half of the keel of the upper mandible, and in its comparatively shorter tail; from Tropidorhynchus it differs in the nature of the protuberance, and in the feathering on the top of the head, and in lacking the pointed, scaly breast-feathers and in its more powerful bill and longer first primary of the wing.

Type, Philedon buceroides Swainson.

1,319. Microphilemon, gen. nov.

Differs from Philemon in its shorter weaker bill and weaker legs and feet, and shorter wings and tail.

Type, Buphaga orientalis Latham (=Tropidorhynchus citreogularis Gould.

1,413. Rogersornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Chlamydera in its stronger bill and stronger legs and feet, with longer wings and tail and proportionately longer first primary, while the third and fourth primaries are longest and subequal, in Chlamydera the third is longest.

Type, Ptilonorhynchus nuchalis Jardine and Selby.

89. Porzanoidea, gen. nov.

Differs from Porzana in its wing-formula and the possession of a long hallux, in which respects it resembles Lapornia, than which it has a much shorter wing, longer bill and stonger feet; in the wing the first primary is shorter than the sixth, while the secondaries are very long.

Type, Gallínula immaculata Swainson.

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS TO MY REFERENCE LIST.

By Gregory M. Mathews.

299a. Tadorna tadornoides westralis. subsp. n. West Australia Sheld-drake.

Differs from T. t. tadornoides in being much less conspicuously marked and in its smaller size.

Type, South-west Australia.

Range, South-west Australia.

450a. Aprosmictus erythropterus yorki.

Little Crimson-winged Parrot.

Differs from A. e. erythropterus in its smaller size and from A. e. coccinospterus in being lighter coloured on the back.

Type, Cape York, No. 13,790.

Range, North Queensland.

555a. Halcyon pyrrhopygius utingi, subsp. n.

Allied Red-backed Kingfisher.

Differs from H. p. obscurus in having the wings more sky-blue, the head less green and the black nuchal stripe more pronounced.

Type, Cape York, No. 14,682.

Range, Cape York, North Queensland.

615. C'heramceca leucosternum stonei, subsp. n. Black-and-White Swallow.

Differs from C. c. leucosternum in being much darker in the head and mantle.

Type, New South Wales, No. 1,549.

Range, New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia.

663. Gerygone cuLicrvoRA berneyi. subsp. n. Queensland Fly-eater.

Differs from G. c. exsul in having a more pronounced huffish rump and a much smaller amount of white at the tip of the tail.

Type. Queensland, No. 14,514.

Range, Queensland.

870a. Chthonicola sagittata quf.enslandica subsp. n. Queensland Field-Wren.

Differs from C. s. sagittata in the almost entire absence of buff in the flanks, and in having a much smaller amount of white tipping to the tail-feathers.

Type, Queensland, No. 14,567.

Range, Queensland.

948. Malurus splendens riordani, subsp. n.

Northern Banded Wren.

Differs from M. s. splendens in its much deeper colour, and in having a very much slimmer bill.

Type, Yalgoo, Mid-Westralia, No. 5,250.

Range, Interior of Mid-Westralia.

1039a. Cractictjs torqttatus colei, subsp. n.

Mallee Butcher-Bird.

Differs from C. t. olindus in its lighter back and wing-coverts, and from C. t. torquatm in its smaller bill.

Type, Mallee, Victoria, No. 14,457.

Range, Mallee, Victoria.

1044. Falcunculus frontatus lu.mholtzi, subsp. n. Queensland Shrike-Tit.

Differs from F. f. frontatus in having a much shorter crest, more white in front of, and below the eye, and a much paler coloured tail with larger white tips.

Type, Queensland, No. 14,613.

Range, Queensland.

1325a. Anthtts australis queenslandica, subsp. n. Northern Pipit.

Differs from A. a. australis in being darker above, with less white in the 2nd and 3rd tail-feathers. The shaft of the 2nd tail-feather is black, not brown.

Type, North Queensland, No. 14,623.

Range, Queensland.

1383a. Neochmia phjeton fitzroyi, subsp. n.

Western Crimson Finch.

Differs from N. p. phceton in having the belly and the red on the throat lighter, in having a brown instead of a black head and in having a grey rump. From N. p. iredalei it differs in having the belly and the red on the throat darker and in having a much darker head.

Type, Fitzroy River, North-west Australia, No. 9,234. Range, North-west Australia.

App. 3. Ninox booboolc royana, subsp. n.

Norfolk Island Boobook.

Differs from N. b. booboolc in its smaller size and the under surface covered with small spots.

Type, Norfolk Island.

Range, Norfolk Island.

385a. Ninox conntvens addenda, subsp. n. South-western Winking Owl.

Differs from N. c. connivens in its larger size.

Type, South-west Australia.

Range, South-west Australia.

THE GEOGRAPHIC RELATIONSHIPS OF THE BIRDS OF LORD HOWE, NORFOLK AND THE KERMADEC ISLANDS.

Through the courtesy of the author, Mr. W. R. B. Oliver, I have received a reprint of an article in the Trans. New Zeal. Inst., Vol. XLIV., 1911, pp. 214-221, 1912, bearing the above title. The paper had been read before the Auckland Institute on the 28th November, 1911, so that the writer was unable to take into consideration the new facts indicated in my Birds of Australia, Vol. I., p. 255, 1911 (October 31st), where I stated my acceptance of Hull’s Phillipian Subregion and its attachment to Australia with the proviso: “ I propose to discuss fully the relationship of these groups in another place, and more clearly show the exact alliances of the Phillipian Subregion than is here advisable.”

Oliver writes (p. 216): “The existence of two brevipinnate rails belonging to genera found elsewhere only in New Zealand is sufficient proof of a former land connection with that country. . . As the two flightless rails mentioned above are closely allied to New Zealand forms, it is probable that the land bridge was severed in the north before the connection with New Zealand was broken. Lord Howe Island would, therefore, properly belong to the New Zealand biological region. Australia can have no claim whatever to include Lord Howe Island within its regional limits.”

As noted above I intend later to fulty discuss this subject, but would here record that Lord Howe Island harbours no bird whose alliances are nearer New Zealand than New Caledonia and Australia. Hedley (Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 1889, p. 402) wrote : “ A close relationship exists between the animals and plants of New Caledonia and New Zealand. That it has never been recognised by New Zealand writers, is simply owing to New Caledonian literature and material being inaccessible to them.” Oliver carefully noted the New

Caledonian relationships as recorded in literature, but decided, “ The two flightless rails turn the balance in favour of New Zealand.” The fact that one of the two flightless rails is generically allied to Tricholimnas, a New Caledonian flightless close relation of the Australian Eulabeornis, and has nothing in common with its supposed allies Gallirallus (=Ocydromus) and Cabalus, while the other has no close relationship with the New Zealand Mantellornis (=Notornis) but is a true Porphyrio—and might have more easily arrived at Lord Howe Island from New Caledonia than from New Zealand—annuls that conclusion.    Gregory M. Mathews.

ON THE GENERIC NAMES ANTIGONE AND MATHEWSIA.

By Professor L. Brasil.

In that part of Wytsman's Genera Avium, Family Gruidce, which is shortly to be published, I have retained the generic name Antigone Reichenbach, 1852, for Cranes of the Grus antigone group ; therefore I must say why I do not follow Iredale, who rejects this name, and has introduced instead the new one Mathewsia (Bull. B.O.C., Vol. XXVII., p. 47, 1911).

Iredale rejects Antigone Reichenbach because previously, in 1847, Gray wrould have utilised the same name for a mollusc (P.Z.S. 1S47, p. 184). To my mind, Gray’s use of the word cannot be taken into consideration. In effect, Gray did not propose Antigone as a new name for a mollusc, he only included “Antigone ” Schumacher, 1817, in the synonymy of Chione. There is evidently here an orthographical error—perhaps a simple mistake of transcription made by Gray, or an error of the press ; Schumacher has never used Antigone for Venus eancellata, as Gray says, but Antigona. That is quite different. In Schumacher’s work, the word Antigone which is used at the same time as Antigona, is only the French translation of the Latin word. The logical conclusion, which I adopt, is that Antigone was realty non-existent when Reichenbacli proposed it for Grus torquata, and consequently for the allied species among which is, in particular, the Australian Crane, Antigone rubicunda ( = A. australasiana), the type of the genus Matheivsia Iredale.

Note.—Mr. Mathews has generously handed me Mr. Brasil’s note for comment. I would point out that the principle I followed has been generally accepted by working scientists in most branches of science, and to cite an instance in Ornithology I would quote the case of Praticola Kaup, which though apparently a misprint might be an emendation for Pratincola Koch. Whichever it was it has been unanimously accepted as pre-occupying Praticola Swainson, and the invalidity of the latter name has never been questioned. Further, American ornithologists reject Athene on account of a prior Athena, and I could easily multiply such instances. However, my studies in conchology convinced me, as they did most other students in the same science, that it is quite impossible to guess whether a misspelling by Gray was due to bad proof-reading or intention : if the latter be admitted, then my action must be endorsed ; as we have no means of now finding out with regard to the former, we must simply accept Gray’s written word, mistakes and all included. This has been agreed to by working conchologists in the case of Phytia. It is quite open to argument that Gray deliberately intended his spelling of Antigone to be an emendation of Schumacher’s name : in any case, if the opinions of the Nomenclatural Commission be accepted, the correct transliteration of Antigona would be Antigone, and Gray’s action in thus altering it would be endorsed. There is also the argument that Schumacher in the first instance misspelt Antigona for Antigone, as is evident by his French equivalent. All these points were carefully considered before Matheivsia was proposed, and I have no doubt that my action will be later accepted by all working ornithologists.—Tom Iredale.

NEW SUBSPECIES OF NEW ZEALAND BIRDS.

By Robin Kemp.

Bowdleria punctata veale.e, subsp. n.

Differs from B. p. punctata in its brown (not fulvous) upper coloration, its chestnut-coloured crown, the groundcolour of its under-parts being grey (not ochraceous), its flanks brown (not fulvous), the shafts of its tail-feathers being black (not brown), and its uniformly smaller size. Wing 59 mm.

Type, Umawera, Hokianga, North Island. In my possession.

This is the bird commonly known as B. punctata, which name, in the form B. p. punctata, must be used for the bird now known as B. fulva Gray. Synallaxis punctata was described by Quoy et Gaimard (Voy. de “ l’Astrol,” Zook, Vol. I., p. 255, 1830) from Tasman Bay, South Island. This is undoubtedly the bird later described by Gray (Ibis, 1862) as S. fulvus, of which the type-locality was unknown, and I therefore designate as the type-locality of S. fulvus Gray : Tasman Bay, South Island.

Prosthemadera noiye-seelandije phcebe, subsp. n.

Differs from P. n. novce-seelanclice in its darker coloration throughout; the metallic colour of the head a deeper green, the back darker, the metallic blue of the breast a deeper shade, and the abdomen-coloration much darker, almost black. Wing 150 mm.

Type, Umawera, Hokianga, North Island. In my possession.

Prosthemadera nov^e-seelandi.e kwini, subsp. n.

Differs from P. n. novce-seelandioe in its smaller size, deeper blue coloration on the head and smaller, less conspicuous white throat-frills. Wing 142 mm.

Type, Auckland Islands.

A NEW BTRD FOR AUSTRALIA.

In my Reference List (Nov. Zoo!., Vol. XVIII., p. 223, 1912) I separated the Snipe occurring on the north-west coast of Australia as No. 237 Gallinago australis oweni, on account of its much smaller size, giving it the vernacular name of Little Australian Snipe. It was obvious that the two were separable and now while engaged upon the Wading Birds for my Birds of Australia I find that they belong to two distinct species, the Little Australian Snipe being a form of Gallinago megala. Its exact relationship will be shown in my work, and figures given whereby the birds can be recognised by Australian workers. This is an interesting addition to the Australian Avifauna, being a representative of an additional species.    G. M. Mathews.

A CHANGED NAME.

Dr. C. W. Richmond has drawn my attention to the fact that in the Journ. d’Hist. Nat., Vol. II., No. 20., p. 297, PI. 39, 1792, Louis Bose described Coturnix ypsilophorus from an unknown locality, and suggested its usage for the bird known as “ Synoicus australis Latham, 1801.” Upon investigation there can be no doubt regarding its applicability, and as it has nine years priority it must be adopted as the species-name. I designate Tasmania as the type-locality, as it most probably was brought back by Marion, who called at Fredrik Hendry Bay in 1772. No French traveller called at New South Wales before 1792. The names to be used will therefore be :—

14.    Coturnix ypsilophorus australis.

15.    Coturnix ypsilophorus ypsilophorus.

16.    Coturnix ypsilophorus cervina.

16a. Coturnix ypsilophorus melvillensis.

16b. Coturnix ypsilophorus queenslandicus.

17.    Coturnix ypsilophorus rogersi.

18.    Coturnix ypsilophorus mungi.

G. M. Mathews.

DEAKiN UNIVEOSfTT UBRAtT

NEW BIRDS.

In the last number of this Journal (p. 91), I included :— No. 749a. Monarcha alecto alecto Temminck : Dry-mophila alecto Temminck and Laugier, Plan. Col. d’Ois., Vol. IV., PI. 430, 70 livr., 1827, Celebes.

New Guinea Shining Flycatcher.

Range, Cape York, North Queensland (fide Campbell, Emu, Vol. XII., p. 20, 1912).

Campbell’s identification was probably made on the Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., Vol. IV., as quoted, but the volume was written as long ago as 1879. I have now received specimens from Cape York, and upon comparison with Celebes birds they prove abundantly distinct, as was expected ; the Cape York birds differ from typical birds in having a narrower bill, while the wing; is longer. Though Campbell’s record was the first of P. alecto from Australia, specimens had been obtained by most collectors at Cape York, viz. Macgillivray as long ago as 1849, Coppinger in 1881, and Meek more recently. All these however had been called P. nitidus, and are all in the British Museum, being received since the date of publication of the Catalogue of Birds. Macgillivray’s specimen was from the Gould collection and was marked “ ? sp. nov.” I propose to call the Cape York bird :—

749a. Monarcha alecto campbelli, subsp. n.

Cape York Shining Flycatcher.

Type, Cape York, No. 14278.

Range, Cape York, North Queensland.

955a. Malurits lamberti morgani, White.

Differs from M. 1. assimilis in having much darker chestnut scapulars.

Type, from Lake Gairdner, South Australia.

G. M. Mathews.

SUBSTITUTE-NAMES.

In the preceding cases I have followed the International Rules of Zoological Nomenclature, from which those at present accepted by the American Ornithologists’ Union somewhat differ. For the benefit of those who would prefer the latter, I propose the following names :—

Northipsitta, nom. nov., for Spathopterus North ;

not Spathoptera (Lath.), Serv. Ann. Soc. Ent., France, Vol. IV., p. 50, 1835.

Ypsilophorus, nom. nov., for Synoicus Gould, 1837 ;

not Synoicum Phipps, Voy. North Pole, App., p. 199. 1774.

Hemiptilotis, nom. nov., for Trichodere North, Ibis, 1912, p. 120 ; not Trichoderes Gmelin, Mag. de Zool., 1843, p. 35.

Iredaleornis, nom. nov., for Heteromyias Sharpe, 1879 ; not Heteromyia Say, Amer. Entom., Vol. II., PL 35, 1825.

- G. M. Mathews.

ADDITIONAL NOTES.

I (G. M. Mathews) have shown that some species commonly accredited to Gould, were first described by other authors who used Gould’s manuscript-names.

Such are :

Prion Ariel Schlegel, Mus. Pavs-Bas, Vol. VI., Procell., p. 18, 1863, Bass Strait.

Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Vol. XIII., p. 66, 1844, being a nude name, and his description did not appear till Handb. Birds Austr., Vol. II., p. 473 1865,

Menura alberti Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av., Vol. I., p. 215,    1850, Richmond River,

N.S.W.

Gould, Proc. Linn. Soc. (Lond.) 1850, p. 07, being a nude name, and his description did not appear till Birds Austr. Suppl., PI. 19, 1851.

It might also be noted that some nude names were

proposed by Gould and never taken up.

Such are :

Oreocincla nov^-hollandl® Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV7., App., p. 3, 1838.

Falco rufiventer Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1837, p. 97, 1838.

Re-named Falco iron tat us Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IK., PI. 42, 1838.

Mtlvus noVyE-hollandle Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1837, p. 99, 1838.

Rc-named Mtlvus isurus Gould, Synops. Birds, Austr., Pt. TIL, PI. 47, 1838.

Mtlvus aterrimus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1837, p. 99, 1838.

Re-named Mtlvus affinis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. III., PL 47, 1838.

Athene leucopsis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1837, p. 99, 1838.

Probably Strix cyclops Gould, Proc. Zool. SocJ (Lond.) 1836, p. 140, 1837.

These last four have not previously been noted in

synonymy.

THE

AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

VOL. I. Nos. 6 & 7.

ISSUED IN CONNEXION WITH THE

Austral Avian Museum, Watford, Herts, England

Editor

GREGORY M. MATHEWS

Prick 3/- Net

WITHERBY & CO. 326 High Holborn London, W.C. February 28i/&, 1913.

AVIAN


THE AUSTRAL RECORD.

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA.

Vol. I., Nos. 6 & 7.


February 28th, 1913.


A LIST OF THE SPECIES OF AUSTRALIAN BIRDS DESCRIBED BY JOHN GOULD, WITH THE LOCATION OF THE TYPE-SPECIMENS.

By Witmek Stone, in conjunction with Gkegory M. Mathews.

The details of the sale of Gould’s Collection of Australian birds to Dr. Wilson of Philadelphia are set forth in the late Dr. Bowdler Sharpe’s Analytical Index to the Works of John Gould, London, 1893. The purchaser is there referred to as “ John Wilson,” but his correct name was Thomas B. Wilson.*

Dr. Wilson was a patron, and for a time president, of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, and his entire ornithological collection, numbering some twenty thousand specimens, was presented to that institution, where it is still preserved.

The negotiations for the Gould purchase were carried on by one of his brothers, then resident in England, probably Mr. Edward Wilson, and wei’e completed by August, 1847. The specimens, apparently all skins, were sent to Verreaux Brothers, in Paris, to be mounted,

* For biographical notice, see Cassinia, 1910, p. 1.

<S55>(bX G,

and were shipped by them to Philadelphia, where they had arrived by June, 1849—doubtless sooner. There were 1858 specimens in all, and fortunately only a few have been lost.

Verreaux prepared a manuscript-catalogue of the collection based, as some memoranda show, on an original catalogue of Gould’s, which was apparently never sent over to America. The information contained in this catalogue is transcribed on the bottoms of the stands, and consists of the number, name, sex and locality of each specimen, with the addition of the legend: “ Type, Gould, Bds. of Australia ”— every bird being so marked regardless of whether it was the type of the species or not.

The localities are usually very general, and are abbreviated, most of the specimens being marked “ N. S. Wales,” “ V.D. Land,” “ W. Australia,” “ N. Australia,” or “ S. Australia.” Some, however, bear more exact data, as for instance, “ Port Essington,” “ K. G. Sound,” “ P. Lincoln,” “ Moreton Bay,” “ Bass Straits,” “ Torres Strait,” “ Houtman’s Abrolhos,” and “ Kangaroo Island.

It is easy to see how a slight error in copying from the original catalogue would make “ N. Australia ” into “ W. Australia,” etc. Furthermore, as the data of the catalogue are arranged in columns and quotation marks are used extensively, another source of error in locality is provided. That a few errors have resulted from these causes is evident, as indicated beyond.

When I assumed charge of the ornithological collections of the Philadelphia Academy some twenty-five years ago, one of my first interests was to have the type-specimens unmounted and placed in metal cabinets where they have since been preserved, while all of the stands containing the Verreaux labels have been saved and marked to correspond with the specimens.

Tn correspondence with Mr. Gregory M. Mathews, he kindly offered to publish a list of the types in the Austral Avian Record, and corrected the references to many -of the species contained in a rough draft that I had submitted to him, which as he has shown elsewhere should date from the “ Synopsis ” instead of from certain numbers of the Proceedings of the Zoological Society, which were not issued until long after the dates they bear. Air. Mathews also added a number of species described from material not in the collection purchased by Dr. AVilson. This enlarged list has again been revised by both of us, and the Catalogue of Birds in the British Museum has been consulted for data on types preserved in that institution.

In the case of each species, one specimen has been selected as the type and so marked, and usually this selection has been easily made, as the individual bird described by Gould was readily identifiable by locality, sex, measurements, etc. In other cases where no individual bird was mentioned in the original description, the selection has been arbitrary, and is final.

While most of Gould’s Australian types are in the collection of the Philadelphia Academy, it should be borne in mind that some species were described from material that was never in his possession ; a few other types were never sent over, better specimens, apparently, having been substituted ; while types of species described after the date of the Wilson purchase in 1847, are usually Ito be found in the British Museum, which secured Gould’s Hater Australian material.

In the following list the species have been arranged by Gregory AI. Alathews in the order of his Reference List, with the numbers of the list preceding each name.

The first specimen number of the type is that of the Ornithological Catalogue of the Philadelphia Academy, while that in parentheses refers to the Verreaux Catalogue. Where; the type-locality given in the original 1 description differs in any way from that on the specimen, it is given in parentheses after the reference.

[In some cases the locality is given as “ New South Wales=Queensland.” The latter state was part of New South Wales up to 1859. Victoria was also part of New South Wales up to 1850.]

132

4.    Casuarius australis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1857, p. 270 (North Queensland).

The Type specimen,- according to Gould, was lost,

5.    Megapodius tumulus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. 'Lond.)

1842, p. 20 (Coburg Peninsula).

12770 (833), q, Port Essington=Type.

7. Leipoa ocellata Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 120, 1811.

13015 (830), “South Australia” = West Australia =Type.

The type-locality is Swan River, West Australia, but all three of the specimens in the Gould collection are marked “ S. Australia,” which, as explained above, has been due to an error in transcribing the data.

12. Coturnix pectoralis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. II., PI. 29, 1837.

12307 (1085), (J, South Australia.

This specimen agrees well with the description, but the type-locality given by Gould is New South Wales.

14.    Synoicus sordidus Goidd, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1847, p. 33.

12327 (1073), South Australia =Type.

15.    Synoicus diemenensis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1847, p. 33.

12326 (1074), q. Tasmania=Type.

16.    Synoicus ceryinus Gould, Handb. Birds Austr.,

Vol. II., p. 195, 1865 (Port Essington).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XXII., 1893, p. 248).

19. Excalfactoria australis Gould, Handb. Birds Austr., Vol. II., p. 197, 1865.

Three specimens of this bird are in the Gould Collection, all labelled E. chinensis.

12336 (1070), ¿'..South Australia, may be regarded as the Type.

133

20. Hemipoditts melanotus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. II., PI. 30, 1837.

The only locality mentioned is Van Diemen’s Land,” and the Type specimen was stated to be in King’s College London. Since lost.

In the Handb., Vol. II., p. 182, Gould says that lie described the species from a specimen received from Moreton Bay ! Two specimens are in the Gould Collection both from North Australia.

22. Hemipodius melanogaster Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. II., PI. 31, 1837.

Gould refers to specimens in the Zoological Society Collection, and in King’s College, London. Three are in the Gould Collection, of which 12425 (1199), New South Wales, agrees closely with the description.

24. Hemipodius sctntillans Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc (Lond.) 1845, p. 62 (Houtman’s Abrolhos).

12437 (1187), o, West Australia=Type.

27. Hemipodius castanotus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc (Lond.) 1839, p. 145, 1840 (N.W. Coast).

12426 (1189), rf, Port Essington=Type.

30. Hemipodius pyrrhothorax Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. iLond.) 1840, p. 150, 1841.

11429 (1181), 2, New South Wales=Type.

32. Hemipodius velox Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 150, 1841.

12431 (11‘83), cJ, New South Wales=Type.

Pedionomus torquatus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 114, 1841 (Plains of Interior South Australia).

“ No. 1200 Gould Collection, q, South Australia.” '16. \ was probably the Type, but cannot now be found.

Pedionomus microurus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842. p. 20 (Interior South Australia).

This was based on a young individual of the last. Although none are labelled microinns it is possible that 12417 (1201) from South Australia is the Type.

38.    Ptilinopus swainsonii Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1842, p. 18 (River Clarence and More ton Bay).

13058 (45), ?, New South Wales=Type.

39.    Ptilinopus ewingii Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1842, p. 19 (Port Essington).

13074 (40), cj, North Australia=Type.

40.    Lamprotreron porphyrostictus Gould, Ann. Mag.

Nat. Hist., Ser. 4, Vol. XIII., p. 137, 1874 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XXL, p. 115).

42. Carpopiiaga assimilis Gould, in Jardine's Contr Ornitli., 1850, p. (160), 106 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XXI., p. 169).

51.    Geopelia placida Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1844, p. 55.

13437 (60), ¡J, Port Essington=Type.

52.    Geopelia tranquilla Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1844, p. 56 (Liverpool Plains and Banks of Namoi)

13430 (56), rj, New South Wales—Type.

57. Chalcopiiaps longirostris Gould, Birds Augtr., Vol. I., Introd., p. lxix., 1848.

13579 (37), rA Port Essington=Type.

64. Columba (Peristera) iiistrionica Gould, Proc. Zool Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 114, 1841.

13534 (13), d, New South Wales=Type.

06. Petrophassa albipennis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc, (Lond.) 1840, p. 173, 1841.

13500 (40), (J, West Australia=Wyndham=Type.

70. Lopiiophaps ferruginea Gould, Handb. Birds Austr., Vol. II., p. 137, 1865 (Sharks Bay and Dirk Hartog’s Island).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XXI., p. 534).

72. Geophaps plümifera Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 19 (North-west Coast).

13563 (41), Interior of Australia agrees with the description, but the Type was said to be in the Collection of B. Bynoe, Esq.

74. Lopjiophaps leucogaster Gould, Birds Austr. Suppl., PI. 69, 1867 (South Australia).

Type in the possession of Mrs. Craufuird, since lost.

83. Eulabeornis castaneoventris Gould, Proc. Zook Soc. (Lond.) 1844, p. 56.

6183 (1493), Gulf of Carpentaria=Type.

87.    Porzana fl (jaune a Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1842, p. 139, 1843.

6259 (1526), (J, New South Wales=Type.

88.    Porzana p.alustris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1842, p. 139, 1843.

6238 (1528),^, Tasmania=Type.

90. Porzana leucophrys Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1847, p. 33.

6243 (1522), <?, Port Essington=Type.

92. Gallinula ventralis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1836, j). 85, 1837 (Swan River).

Type collected by Lt. Breton and Capt. Brete and presented to the Zoological Society.

95.    Gallinula rufiorissa Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.,

Ser. IV., Vol. IV., p. 110, 1869 (Cape River, Queensland). Type lost.

96.    Gallinula tenebrosa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1846, p. 20 (South Australia).

A specimen in the British Museum from Gould, collected in South Australia (Cat. Birds, Vol. XXIII., p. 168) is probably the Type.

102.    Porphyrio bflltts Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1840, p. 176, 1841.

6401 (1488), cj, West Australia=Type.

103.    Fulica australis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1845, p. 2.

6335 (1502), (J, West Australia=Type.

107. Podiceps gularis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1836, p. 145, 1837.

4594 (1333), New South Wales=Type.

110. Podiceps nestor Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1836, p. 145, 1837.

4575, <£, Tasmania =Type.

114a. Aptenodytes undina Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1844, p. 57.

1340 (4491), Tasmania=Type.

117. Thalassidroma nereis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 178, 1841.

5135 (1174), $, Bass Strait=Type.

119.    Thalassidroma melanogaster Gould, Ann. Mag,

Nat. Hist., Vol. XIII., p. 367, 1844.

5146 (1176), (J, no locality. South Indian Ocean probably=Type.

120.    Thalassidroma leucogaster Gould, Ann. Mag

Nat. Hist, Vol. XIII, p. 367, 1844 (36° S. X 6° 47' E.).

5144 (1169), no localitv=Type.

122. Pttffinus assimiLis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt, IV., App., p. 7, 1838 (N. S. Wales).

5160 (1418), East Coast=Norfolk Island=Type.

124.    PuFFiNUS sfhenueus Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.,

Vol. XIII., p. 305, 1844 (Houtman's Abrolhos, West Australia).

5171 (1414) (J, West Australia=Type.

125.    Puffings carneipes Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.,

Vol. XIII., p. 365, 1844.

5177 (1416) $ West Australia=Type.

127. Puffings breyicaudus Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. VII., PI. 56, 1847 (Green Island, Bass Strait).

5168 (1409), (7, Bass Strait=Type.

129. Procellaria conspicillata Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Vol. XIII., p. 362, 1844 (Atlantic and Pacific).

5111 (1666), Australian seas=Type.

134.    Procellaria mollis Gould. Ann. Mag. Nat.

Hist., Vol. XIII., p. 363, 1844 (S. Atlantic). 5085 (1678) d', Atlantic Ocean=Type.

135.    Procellaria solandri Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat.

Hist., Vol. XIII., p. 363, 1844 (Bass Strait).

Type in British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XXV., p. 411).

136.    Procellarla leucoptera Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat.

Hist., Vol. XIII., p. 364, 1844 (Australia).

5087 (1680), d, Port StephenspType.

140. Prion magnirostris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1862, p. 125 (locality unknown) [=New Zealand],

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XXV., p. 433).

147.    Diomedea cauta Gould, Proe. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1840, p. 177 (Bass Strait).

4518 (1638), $, Tasmania=Type.

148.    Diomedea culminât a Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1843, p. 107, 1841.    (S. Indian and Pacific

Oceans [Bass Strait]).

4515 (1640), Q, Australian Seas=Type.

154.    Hydrociielidon fluyiatilis Gould, Proc. Zool.

Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 140, 1843.

5004 (1782), (J. New South Wales;—Type.

155.    Sterna macrotarsa Gould, Svnops. Birds Austr.,

Pt. II., PI. 37, 1837 “ Tasmania ”= Victoria. Type in Collection King's College, since lost.

156.    Sylochelidon strenuus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.), 1846, p. 21 (South Coasts).

5037 (1691), rj, Port Stephens=Type.

157.    Sterna gracilis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1845, p. 76.

4924 (1779), o, Houtman's Abrolhos=Type.

158.    Thalasseus torresti Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1842, p.140, 1843 (Port Essington).

Type lost.

159. Sterna poliocerca Gould, Synops. Birds Austr,, Pt. II., PI. 37, 1837 (Tasmania).

Type in Collection King's College, since lost.

5064 (1786), $ Tasmania is typical.

Sterna melanorhyncha Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. VII., PI. 26, 1848 (Bass Strait).

Sterna sancti-pauli Gould, Handb. Birds Austr., Vol, II., p. 399, 1865 ; St. Paul's Island.

Sterna yelox Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 139, 1843.

4919 (1784), 5, Hass Strait=Type of melanor-hyncha and velox, the former being merely a new name for velox, which was preoccupied.

163. Sterna melanura Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App. p. 7, 1838 (New South Wales).

Type was in the United Sendee Museum according to Gould.

104. Sternula nereis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1842, p. 140, 1843.

4908 (1778), <J, Bass Strait=Type.

106. Sternula trace ns Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. IV., Vol. VIII., p. 192, 1871 (Port Darwin). Type in the British Museum.

109. Anous cinereus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Loud.) 1846, p. .104, 1840 (North-east Coast).

5033 (1774), East Coast- Type.

171.    Anous melanops Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1845, p. 103, 1840.

5022 (1750), <J, Houtman's Abrolhos=Type.

172.    Anous leucocapillus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1845, p. 103, 1840 (North Coast).

5025 (1759), <$, Raine Island=Type.

185. H.e.matopus australasianus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 0, 1838.

11572 (1429), o, “Tasmania” (agrees except in locality ; the type is stated by Gould to be from New South Wales ; doubtless the locality on the specimen is an error.

187. H.e.matopus fuliginosus Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. VI., PI. 8, 1845.

11568 (1435), q, Tasmania=Type.

190. Erythrogorys cinctus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 73, 1838.

11752 (1801), New South WaIes=Type.

194. Lobivanellus persoratus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 113, 1843 (North Coast).

11652 (1465), cJ, Port Essington=Type.

201. Hiaticula inorrata Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. VI., PI. 19, 1846.

11764 (1816), Torres Strait-Type.

203. Charadrius veredus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1848, p. 38 (North Australia).

11755 (1832), $, Port Essington=Type.

204.    jEgiai.itis 1 canus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr.,

Pt. IV., App., p. 6, 1838 (New South Wales).

Based on the female of Ch. ruficapilla. There is no specimen in the Gould Collection from New South Wales.

210. Eudromtus australis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 174, 1841.

11744 (1793), South Australia=Type.

212. Himartopus leucoc'epiialus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. II., PI. 34, 1837 (Australia, Java, and Sumatra.)

11189 (1730), $, New South Wales —Type.

214. Himartopus palmatus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr. Pt, II., PI. 33, 1837 (Victoria).

Described from specimens in the Collection of Mr Leadbeater and the Zoological Society of London.

Numerius australasiarus Gould, Synops. Bird Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 6, 1838.

11228 (1696), (J, West Australia, agrees wit! description, but the Type came from New Sout Wales.

Numerius australis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond 1837, p. 155, 1838. New name for same bird.

218.    Numenius ueopygialis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1840, p. 175, 1841 (South Coast).

11241 (1697), d1, New South Wales=Type.

219.    NcT.menics .minutes Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1840, p. 176, 1841 (Maitland).

11220 (1724), New South Wales- Type.

220.    Limosa ueopygialis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond)

1848, p. 38 (Australia).

11395 (1733), Ç, New South WaIes=Type.

221. Limosa melanuboides Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1846, p. 84.

11394 (1138), (J, Port Essington=Type.

223. Totanus geiseopygius Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1848, p. 39 (Port Essington).

11248 (1824), P, Van Diemen’s Gulf=Type.

225. Actitis empusa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1847,    p. 222, 1848.

11289 (1836), <ÿ, Port Essington=Type.

! 235. Schœniclus Magnus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1848,    p. 39 (Australia).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XXIV.,

p. 602).

238. Rhynchæa austealis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 6, 1838.

11499 (1754), $, New South Wales = Type.

248. Otis austealasianus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1840, p. 176, 1841 (Plains of Interior Australia generally).

The only birds in the Gould Collection are from West Australia and represent the smaller form, derbyi of Mathews. Gould’s measurements show that he had the large form of New South Wales, etc., before him.

250. GRITS AUSTRALASIAN us Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1847, p. 220, 1848 (Moreton Bay).

11142 (1642), o, New South Wales=Type.

252. Ibis strictipennis Gould, Svnops. Birds Austr., Pt, IV., App., p. 7, 1838.

11082 (1659), r?, New South Wales—Type.

257. Platalea regia Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 7, 1838.

11048 (1654), (J, New South Wales=Type.

259. Platibis flavipes Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., 1 Pt. IV., App., p. 7, 1838.

11045 (1656), q, New South Wales^Type.

(Ardea rectirostris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1843, p. 22 (New South Wales) [=India ?].

204 i Ardea leucopiiæa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

' I 1848, p. 58.

\ 6749 (1330 bis.), o, South India=Type.

[The original description of Ardea rectirostris shows it to be a young specimen of Ardea cinerea, and nothing to do with the bird figured as the former in Gould’s Birds of Australia.]

265. Herodias plumiferus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1847, p. 221, 1848.

6722 (1706),    New South Wales=Type.

266. Herodias syrmatophorus Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. VI., PI. 56, 1846 (Banks of Mokai).

6713 (1703),    New South Wales = Type.

268. Herodias immaculata Gould, Birds Austr Vol. VI., PI. 58, 1846.

6387 (1710), Port Essington—Type.

273.    Herodias picata Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. VI.,

PL 62, 1846.

6668 (1714), Ç, Port Essington=Type.

274.    Herodias greyi Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. VI.,

PL 61, 1848.

6672 (1712), Raine Island=Type.

270. Ardetta stagnatilis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1847, p. 221, 1848.

6566 (1316), Q , Port Essington=Type.

280. Ardetta macrorhyncha Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1848, p. 39 (East Coast).

6568 (1318), New South Wales=Type.

288. Botaurus australis Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. VI., PL 46, 1848 (New South Wales).

The three specimens in the Gould Collection are from South and West Australia; 6543 (1322), South [Australia, is typical.

202. Nettapus pulchellus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1841, p. 80, 1842 (North Australia).

5972 (1384), q, Port Essington=Type.

293. Nettapits albipennis Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. VII, text to PL 5, 1842.

5060 (1382) (J, New South Wales [North] == Moreton Bay, Queensland—¡Type.

206. Dendrocygna gouldi Gould, Handb. Birds Austr., Vol. II., p. 374, 1865 (Port Essington).

This name was first proposed by Bonaparte, Comptes Rendus Sei., Vol. NL11L, Sept., 1856, p. 640, based upon D. arcuata of Gould. The Type is of course one of Gould’s birds, i.e. 5957 (1371), g, Port Essington.

307. Anas njeyosa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 177, 1841.

5918 (1370), $, West Australia=Type.

309. Oxyura australis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Loud.) 1836, p. 85, 1837 (Swan River).

Type collected by Lt. Breton and Capt. Brete, and presented to the Zoological Society.

311. Phalacrocorax carboides Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 7, 1838.

5389 (1400),    “New South Wales    Tasmania=

Type.

313. Phalacrocorax leucooaster Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 7, 1838.

5403 (1394),    Tasmania--Type.

Type said to be from New South Wales, but all the specimens in the Gould Collection are from Tasmania or South Australia.

315.    Phalacrocorax flavirhynchus Gould, Synops.

Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 8, 1838, afterwards identified by Gould with P. melanoleucus Vieillot, so that the specimens in the Gould Collection are so labelled.

5435 (1397), cJ, No«' South Wales=Type.

316.    Plotus xov.e-iiollandle Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Bond.) 1847, p. 34 (Rivers of the whole South Coast).

5241 (1388), (J, New South Wales=Type.

317.    Sula australis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1840, p. 177, 1841 (River Derwent).

5330 (1351), Tasmania=Type.

318.    Sula personata Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond,

1846, p. 21 (North and North-east Coasts).

5300 (1353), (J, Raine Island=Type.

319.    Sula rubripes Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV.

App., p. 7, 1838 (New South Wales).

Type in Collection of United Service Museum. Since lost.

The three specimens in the Gould Collection are from Torres Strait.

322. Attagen ariei, Gould, Birds Austr., Yol. VII.. PI. 72, 1848 (Torres Strait).

5346 (1386), Raine Island=Type.

328. Circus jarmnii Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. III., PI. 48, 1838.

157 (124), (J, New South Wales=Type.

339. Astur cruentus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soe. (Lond.) 1842, p. 113, 1843.

1279 (113), West Australia—Type.

346. Aquila morphnoides Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 161, 1841 (Yarrundi, on the Upper Hunter).

1733 (171), $, New South Wales=Type.

349. Haliaeetus sphenurus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. III., PI. 39, 1838 (Tasmania).

Type in the United Service Museum. Since lost.

351. Haliaeetus leucosternus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. III., PI. 40, 1838 (Australia).

1892 (168), 2, New South Wales = Type.

354. Mn.vus affinis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. ITT., PI. 47, 1838 (Australia).

1920 (154), 9, New South Wales=Type.

356. Milvus isurus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. III., PI. 47, 1838 (Australia).

1934 (T51), 9, New South Wales—Type.

358. Buteo melanosternon Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Loud.) 1840, p. 162, 1841.

1965 (156), o, New South Wales=Type.

360. Elan us notatus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 1, 1838.

1973 (77), o, New South Wales=Type.

362. Elanus scriptus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 80.

1980 (75), 2, South Australia—Type.

303. Lepidogenys subcristatus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. III., PI. 46, 1838.

2012 (98), $, New South Wales=Type.

365.    Falco melanogenys Gould, Synops. Birds Austr.,

Pt. III., PI. 42, 1837 (Australia generally).

2081 (91), $, Tasmania=Type.

366.    Falco iiypoleucos Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1840, p. 162, 1841.

2099 (96), o, West Australia=Type.

This is unquestionably the bird described by Gould, although in his Handbook he says the type was a young female.

368. Falco frontatus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. III., PI. 42, 1838.

2116 (88), $, New South Wales is the younger bird referred to.

The type was apparently “ No. 83,” <2, New South Wales, which is not now to be found.

371. Ieracidea occidentalis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1844, p. 105.

2179 (106), West Australia=Type.

375. Pandion leucocepiialus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. III., PI. 41, 1838 (“ Australia.”)

2301 (159),    Tasmania=Type.

This agrees best with the description, and in the Handbook, Vol. I., p. 22, Gould, mentions Tasmania as the locality where he personally observed the species.

377. Athene marmorata Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Loud.) 1846, p. 18.

2532 (71), (J, South Australia—Type.

383. Athene ? fortis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. III., PI. 49, 1838.

2546 (140), New South Wales=Type.

387.    Athene ? strenua Gould, Synops. Birds Austr.,

Pt. 111., PI. 49, 1838.

2549 (136), ? sex, New South Wales=Type.

388.    Athene rufa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1846, p. 18.

2552 (127), Port Essington=Type.

390. Strix delicatulus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1836, p. 140, 1837.

2762 (142), jJ, New South Wales=Type.

392.    Strix Cyclops Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1836, p. 140, 1837.

2742 (129), New South Wales=Type.

393.    Strix castanops Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1836, p. 140, 1837.

2753 (135), $, Tasmania=Type.

396. Strix tenebricosa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1845, p. 80 (Brushes of the Clarence).

2755 (144), ? sex, New South Wales=Type.

413. Cyclopsitta coxeni Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1867, p. 182 (“ East Coast,” probably near Brisbane).

Description based on a painting, sent by Mr. Coxen of Brisbane, and now in the possession of C4. M. Mathews, of birds killed on the East Coast. There are two specimens received from Gould in the British Museum.

414. Cyclopsitta maocoyi Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1875, p. 314 (Queensland).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds. Vol. XX.,

p. 98)-

418. Calyftobhynchus xanthanotus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 5, 1838.

22187 (856), (J, Tasmania=Type.

421.    Calyptokhynchus macrorhynchus Gould, Proc.

Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 138, 1843.

22193 (860), (J, Port Essington Type.

422.    Calyptorhynchus naso Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1836. p. 106, 1837 (Swan River).

22198 (851), West Australia=Type.

433. Cacatua sanguine a Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.! 1842, p. 138, 1843 (North Coast).

22234 (884), North Australia [=Northern Terri-t°ry]=Type.

A specimen in the British Museum is marked “ type " (Cat. Birds, Vol. XX., p. 128), but the collection sent to Philadelphia was stated to contain all the types of species described by Goidd from his own material, up to that time. In several other cases Gould specimens in the British Museum are erroneously marked “ type. ”

442. Licmetis pastinator Gould, Proc. Zool. (Lond.) 1840, p. 175, 1841.

22244 (881), West Australia=Type.

449. POLYTELES ALEXANDRAS Gould. Pl'OC. Zool. SoC. (Lond.) 1863, p. 232 (Howell’s Ponds, Central Australia).

Type in South Australian Institute (c/. Handbook, Vol. II., p. 32).

451. Ptistes coccineopterus Gould, Handb. Birds Austr., Vol. II., p. 39, 1865 (Port Essington). 22757 (269), <7, North Australia in the Gould Collection is marked “ F. erythropterus, small variety,” and is perfectly typical.

Gould states that there is a specimen in the British Museum, but fails to designate it.

460.    Platycercus Adelaide Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1840, p. 161, 1841.

22842 (282), g, South Australia=Type.

461.    Platycercus flaveolus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1837, p. 26.

22847 (272), , New South Wales=Type.

466, Platycercus cyanogenys Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1855, p. 166 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XX., p. 459).

472. Platycercus splendidus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1845. p. 105, 1846 (Darling Downs, Queensland).

22872 (306), juv. New South Wales.

This specimen is referred to in the description, but the adult described was “ No. 307, New South Wales,” which cannot now be found.

486. Platycercus ilumatogastep, Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1837, p. 89, 1838.

22907 f254),    New South Wales=Type.

Gould’s original description applies as well to the red-vented form as to the yellow, and by figuring the former he fixed the name definitely upon it, notwithstanding his later remarks in his Handbook. All the specimens are the red-vented bird.

490.    Platycercus pulcherrimus Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat.

Hist., Vol. XV., p. 114, 1845 (Darling Downs, New South Wales).

22915 (251),    New South Wales (=Queensland)=

Type.

491.    PsEPHOTUS CHRYSOPTERYGItTS Gould, Pr0C. Zool.

Soc. (Lond.) 1857, p. 220, 1858 (“ Lat, 18° S. Long. 141° 31' E”).

Type in British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XX , p. 566).

496.    Platycercus ilematonotus Gould, Proc. Zool,

Soc. (Lond.) 1837, p. 88, 1838 (no locality given). 22921 (245), New South Wales=Type.

497.    Etjphema bourkii Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. V.,

PI. 43, 1841 (River Bogan, New South Wales). 22924 (329), <?, New South Wales=Type.

499. Nanodes elegans Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1837, p. 25.

22932 (312), cJ, “ West ”=South, Australia=Type. The type-locality is given as Tasmania with a query, hut this proved to be wrong. The locality on the above specimen is also wrong, as it is unquestionably the South Australian form, not carter i of Mathews.

501 Euphema auraxtia Gould, Proc. Zool Soc. 1840, p. 148, 1841.

22935 (335), cj, Tasmania = Type.

503. Euphema petrophila Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1840, p. 148, 1841.

22942 (318), West Australia=Type.

506. Euphema splendida Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1840, p. 147, 1841.

22951 (326), (J, West Australia=Type.

515. Geopsittacus occidentalis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1861, p. 100 (West Australia).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XX., p. 598).

517. Podargus plumiferus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1845, p. 104, 1846.

22033 (177), (J, New South Wales=Type.

523.    “ Podargus brachypterus or macrorhynchus,”

Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 163, 1841 (Swan River).

“181, West Australia,” was apparently the Type, but it cannot now he found.

524.    Podargus piial^inoides Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1839, p. 142, 1840.

22052 (174), North-west Coast=Port Essington= Type.

528. Podargus marmoratus Gould, Birds Austr., Suppl., PI. 4, 1855 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XVI., p. 636).

531. JEgotheles leucogaster Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1844, p. 106.

22076 (204), §, Port Essington = Type.

537.    Alcyone diemenensis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1846, p. 19.

21232 (648), $, Tasmania=Type.

538.    Alcyone pulchra Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1846, p. 19.

21237 (649), $, Port Essington=Type

542. Halcyon (Syma 1) flavlrostris Gould, in Jardine's Contr. Omith., 1850, p. 105 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum.

PUHH HHIVERSITT IWIUlT__

548.    Dacelo cervina Gould, Birds of Austr., Pt. II.,

PI. 2, 1838.

21297 (677), Port Essington=Type

549.    Dacelo occidentalis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soe.

(Lond.) 1869, p. 602 (North-west Australia).

Type in the British Museum.

551. Halcyon incinctus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr. Pt. IV., App., p. i., 1838 (New South Wales).

554. Halcyon pyrriiopygia Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 113, 1841.

21386 (608), New South Wales=Type.

560. Halcyon sordidtjs Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 72.

21416 (666) North Coast [Cape York]=Type.

562. TANYSrPTERA sylvia Gould, in Jardine’s Contr. Ornith., 1850, p. 105 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XVII., p. 301).

573.    Cypselijs australis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1839, 141, 1840 (Upper Hunter).

21752 (1036), 2, New South Wales=Type.

574.    Cuculus optatus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1845, p. 18.

19980 (1600), jJ, Port Essington=Type.

580.    Cuculus insperatus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1845, p. 19.

20032 (1613), (J, New South Wales=Type.

581.    Cuculus dumetorum Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1845, p. 19.

20028 (1616), ¿J, Port Essington=Type.

582.    Cuculus (Cacomantis) castaneiventris Gould,

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. Sci., III. (Vol. XX., p. 269, 1867) (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XIX., p. 275).

583. Chalcites osculans Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. \Lond.) 1847, p. 32.

20046 (1618), New South Wales=Type.

591.    Chrysococcyx minutillus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1859, p. 128 (Port Essington).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XIX., p. 299).

592.    Chrysococcyx rttssata Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1868, p. 76 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XIX., p. 300).

599.    Centropus melanttrcs Gould, Birds Austr.,

Vol. IV., text to PI. 92, 1847.

20168    (1485), (J, North-west Coast [Derbv]=

Type.

600.    Centropus macrourtts Gould, Birds Austr.,Vol. IV.,

text to PI. 92, 1847.

20167 (1479), (J, Port Essington=Type.

602. Ment.’ra viotori.e Gould, Handb. Birds Austr., Vol. I., p. 302, 1865 (Victoria).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XIII.,

p. 662).

606. Pitta simillima Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1868, p. 76 (Cape York) Queensland.

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XIV., p. 429.)

608. Pitta iris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 17.

17800, rJ, Port Essington=Type

Verreaux overlooked the specimens of this species, so they are not numbered nor entered in the manuscript catalogue.

609. Atrichia clamosa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1844, p. 2.

17692 (367), <J, West Australia=Type.

612.    Hirundo fretensis Gould, Handb. Birds Austr.,

Vol. I., p. 110, 1865 (Northern shore of Australia). Type in British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. X., p. 137).

613.    Hirundo neoxena Gould, Proc. Zooi. Soc. (Lond.)

1842, p. 131, 1843. (South Coast of Australia and Tasmania).

15706 (1049), (J, Tasmania=Type.

615. Hirundo leucosternus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 172, 1841 (Interior of Australia, banks of the Namoi).

15713 (1046), (J, West Australia=Type.

While Gould's type-locality is in New South Wales, I think the bird here cited is the Type. All of the specimens in the Gould collection are marked “ W. Australia.”

618. Collocalia arborea Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. II., PI. 14, 1848.

15760 (1039), Tasmania=Type.

621. Callocalia ariel Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 132, 1843. (Southern portion of Australia)

15769 (1041), New South Wales =Type.

624. Microeca assimilis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 172, 1841.

731 (1147), o, West Australia =Type.

628. Microeca flavigaster Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 132, 1843.

566 (1146), $, Port Essington=Type.

633. Petroica phcenicea Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1836, p. 105, 1837 (Australia).

657 (410), South Australia=Type.

637. Petroica rosea Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1839, p. 142, 1840 (Hunter and the Liverpool Range).

670 (426), <J, New South Waies=Type.

646. Melanodryas picata Gould, Handb. Birds Austr., Vol. I., p. 285, 1865.

Type in the British Museum ; received since the Cat. Birds, Vol. IV., was written.

648. Petroica fusca Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. ITT., PI. 8, 1842.

686 (1217), 2, Tasmania=Type.

649. Psilofus brevirostris Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 61, 1835.

760 (1066), New South Wales=Type.

653. Smicrornis flayescens Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 134, 1843.

761 (1068), ¿J, Port Essington=Type.

Fsii.opus olivaceus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 61, 1838.

657.


765 (1063), juv., New South Wales—.Type.

Psilopus albogularis id., ib.

763 (1061), g, New South Wales- Type.

P. olivaceus is clearly the young of P. albogularis and has priority.—W.S.

[The names will be —

657 Gerygone olivaceus olivaceus Gould.

568a „

flavigasta Diggles.

568 „

,, queenslandica Mathews.

659 „

rogersi Mathews.—G.M.M.]

660. PsiLOPtis cuLicivORUS Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 174, 1841.

766 (1059) <?, West Australia=Type.

664. Gerygone magnirostris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 133, 1843.

771 (1065), (J, Port Essington -Type.

666. Psiloptts puscus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 61, 1838 (Australia) [=New South Wales].

Type in collection of the Earl of Derby. Three specimens from New South Wales are in the Gould Collection, 772 (1053), New South Wales is typical.

668. Gerygone ljevigaster Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 133, 1843.

775 (1051), (J, Port Essington=Type.

673.    Gerygone chloronotus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1842, p. 133, 1843.

777 (1056), o, Port Essington —Type.

674.    Gerygone personata Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1866, p. 217 (Cape York, Queensland). Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IV., p. 230).

677.    Petroica supercigiosa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1846, p. 106, 1847 (Burdekin Lake, Interior).

784 (1228), O, Interior Australia=Type.

678.    Petroica ? cerviniventris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1857, p. 221 (Victoria River, Northern Territory).

Type in British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IV., p. 242).

679.    Eopsaltria eettcttra Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.,

Ser. IV., Vol. IV., p. 108, 1869 (Cape York).

The Type is probably the Gould specimen in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VIII., p. 181).

684. Eopsaltria capito Gould, Proe. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1851, p. 285, 1854 (Brushes ot the Brisbane River, Queensland).

Type in the British Museum, received since the Cat. Birds was written.

691. Pachycephala glattcura Gould, Proe. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1845, p. 19.

15229 (686),    Tasmania=Type.

694. Pachycephala melanura Gould, Proe. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 134, 1843.

15224 (684), <$, North Coast [=Derby]=Type.

Birds from Derby sent over by Mr. Mathews and compared with the type, agree absolutely.

697.    Pachycephala inorxata Gould, Proe. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1840, p. 164. 1841 (Belts of the Murray, South Australia).

No specimen in the Gould Collection bears the name inornata.

698.    Pachycephala falcata Gould, Proe. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1842, p. 134, 1843.

15244 (709), Port Essington--Type.

j699. Pachycephala rufooularis Gould, Proe. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 164, 1841.

15255    (702), South Australia; Type.

700. Pachycephala gllberti Gould, Proe. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1844, p. 107.

15256    (700), West Australia=Type.

704.    Pachycephala simplex Gould, Proe. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1842, p. 135, 1843.

15271 (705), $, Port Essington=Type.

705.    Pachycephala lanioides Gould, Proe. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1839, p. 142, 1840.

15266 (712), North-west Coast=Derby=Type.

Birds from Derby sent over by Mr. Mathews compared with the type agree absolutely.

707. Eopsaltria parvulus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt, IV., App. p. 2, 1838.

15209 (1205), 2, New South VVales=Type.

709.    Eopsaltria chrysorrhos Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat.

Hist., Ser. IV., Vol. IV., p. 109, 1869 (New South Wales [North]).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VIII., p. 178).

710.    Eopsaltria magnirostris Gould, ib. (Rockingham

Bay, Queensland).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VIII., p. 178).

711.    Eopsaltria griseogularis Gould, Synops. Birds

Austr., App., p. 2, 1838 (Swan River).

Type in Collection at Fort Pitt, Chatham. A male and female from West Australia are in the Gould Collection.

713. Eopsaltria leucogastra Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1846, p. 19.

15217 (1210), E?, West Australia=Type.

There are also two from King George Sound, labelled leucogastra, but they are larger.

716. Rhipidura albiscapa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 113, 1841 (Tasmania and South Coast of Australia)

915 (1162), $, Tasmania--Type.

727. Rhipidura dryas Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 132, 1843.

927 (1166), $, Port Essington=Type.

729. Rhipidura isura Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 174, 1841.

937 (1150), 2, Port Essington=Type.

732. Rhipidtjea picata Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. I., Introd., p. xxxix., 1848 (Port Essington).

Type in the British Museum; received since Cat. Birds vas written.

'36. Myiagra concinna Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. II., PI. 90, 1848.

1141 (1127), (J, Port Essington = Type.

37. Myiagra nitida Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. i, 1838 (New South Wales and Tasmania).

1045 (1124), New South Wales=Type.

39. Myiagra latirostris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 172, 1841 (North-west Coast). 1054 (1139), o, Port Essington=Type.

'40. Machaerirhynchus flaviventer Gould, Birds. Austr., Suppl., PL II., 1851 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IV.,

. 390).

45.    Seisura nana Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser.

II., Vol. VI., p. 224, 1870 (“South Australia”) [=N orth-west Australia].

Type in the British Museum; received since the vat. Birds was written.

46.    Arses kaupi Gould, Birds Austr., Suppl., PI. 10,

1851 (North Coast).

“ No. 1069, <J, Australia ” was sent to the Academy later y Gould, as birds described in his Supplement were ot in the original collection. As there is no type in the British Museum, this would seem to be the Type-specimen, specially as it agrees exactly with the description.

160

748. Piezorhynchus NiTiDus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.' (Lend.) 1840, p. 171, 1841 (North-west Coast). 3349 (1117), Port Essington=Type.

750. Monarcha albiventris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1866, p. 217 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum ; received since the Cat Birds, Vol. IV., was written. G.M.M.

752. Monarcha leucotis Gould, in Jardine’s Conti Ornith., 1850, p. 105* (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IV, p. 424).    .

755. Graucalus phasianellus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc (Lond.) 1839, p. 142, 1840 (Liverpool Plains).

395 (1268), (J, New South Wales=Type.

758.    Grau cal its parvirostris Gould, Synops. Birl

Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 56, 1838 (“ New South Wales') 420 (1249), Ç, Tasmania=Type.

759.    Graucalus melanotis id., ib. (New South Waleil Soon found to be young of C. melanop-s and so treat«

in Birds of Australia. All specimens are label«

melanops,” but 414 (1269), juv., New South Wak agrees well with description of melanotis, and may « regarded as the Type.

763. Graucalus hypoleucus Gould, Proc. Zool. S« (Lond.) 1848, p. 38.

427 (1251), Ç, Port Essington=Type.

767. Graucalus swainsonii Gould, Synops. Birds Audi Pt. IV., PI. 57, 1838 (East Coast of New Sol Wales).

438 (1253), New- South Wales=Type.

770. Ceblepyris humeralis Gould, Synops. Birds Ausl Pt. IV., App., p. 2, 1838.

532 (713), New South Wales—Type.

'81. Cinclosoma castanotus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 113, 1841 (Belts of the Murray). 17225 (1563), South Australia=Type.

B4. Cinclosoma cinnamomeus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1846, p. 68 (depot, lat. 29° 40', June 9th, 1845, South Australia).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VII., I 335).

n5. Cinclosoma castaneothorax Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1848, p. 139 (Darling Downs, Queensland).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VII., I 336).

718. Pycnoptilus floccosus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1850, p. 95 (New South Wales and country towards the Darling).

Gould again described this species under the same name ci p. 279 of the same volume, and the measurements c> not agree. The type of the first description appa-nntly belonged to Gould, that of the second was in the ioological Society’s Collection. No specimen was in the (ould Collection, nor is the type mentioned in the British ituseum Catalogue, but a specimen received by that institution from Gould, and registered 68.1.27.16, Jicality New South Wales, may be regarded as the Type.

'90. Drymodes brunneopygia Gould,-Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 170, 1841 (Belts of the Murray). 17684 (1211), South Australia=Type.

¡93. Drymodes superciliaris Gould, in Jardine’s Contr. Ornith, 1850, p. 105 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VII., ). 345).

[96. Hylacola cauta Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 135, 1843 (Western Belts of the Murray.) 17657 (791), 9, South Australia=Type.

803. Psophodes nigrogularis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc, (Lond.) 1844, p. 5.

17159 (365), <£, West Australia=Type.

808. Pomatorhinus kubeculus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1839, p. 144, 1840 (North-west Coast). 17196 (495), <J, Port Essington=Type.

820. Praticola campestris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 171, 1841 (Adelaide).

17666 (823), $, South Australia=Type.

827. CrsrcLORAMPHUS cantatoris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 135, 1843 (South Australia).

C. cantillans was substituted as a better name in the Birds of Australia. 17264 (1093) “ West ”= South, Australia is the Type, as Gould figured the bird from Port Phillip, “ South ” Australia. As explained above the misreading of a “ W ” for a “ S ” in the manuscript catalogue would easily account for such discrepancies.

837. Orf.ocincla iodura Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist,, Ser. IV., Vol. IX., p. 401, 1872 (Queensland). Type is probably a specimen in the British Museum referred to in Cat. Birds, Vol. V., p. 157.

839. Oreocincla macrorhyncha Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 3, 1838 (New Zealand) [=Tasmania].

Type is in the British Museum.

843. Epthianura tricolor Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 159, 1841 (habitat not known). 17426 (502), <$, South Australia=Type.

Locality apparently added later.

846. Ephthianura aurifrons Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 4, 1838 (New Soutl Wales).

Type in Collection of the Zoological Society according to Gould.

152. Aorocephalus australis Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. Ill, PI. 37, 1848.

10757 (787), South Australia—Type.

>54. Calamoherpe longirostris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1845, p. 20.

16761 (788), A', West Australia—Type.

Cysticola ruficeps Gould, Synops. Birds Austr, Pt. IV, App, p. 4, 1838.

¡56.


17545 (781), New South Wales=Type.

Cysticola isura Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Loud.) 1847, p. 32 (South Coast).

17543 (779), New South Wales=Type.

58. Cysticola lineocapilla Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1847, p. 1.

17541 (777), 9> Port, Essington = Type.

¡60. Sphenceacus gramineus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1845, p. 19.

16874 (772), $, Tasmania=Type.

174. Acanthiza incrnata Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 171, 1841 (Swan River).

17581 (515), $, West Australia=Type.

¡78. Acanthiza diemenensis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr, Pt, IV, PI. 59, 1838.

17586 (512), $, Tasmania=Type.

¡82. Acanthiza apicalis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1847, p. 31 (Swan River).

17592 (537), West Australia=Type.

¡86. Acanthiza pyrrhopygia Gould, Birds Austr, Vol. Ill, PI. 58, 1845 (Belts of the Murray).

17595 (520), (J, South Australia=Type.

¡89. Acanthiza lineata Gould, Synops. Birds Austr, Pt. IV, PI. 59, 1838 (New South Wales).

17598 (533), South Australia =Type.

893. Acanthiza uropygialis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt, TV., PI. 60, 1838.

17602 (525), <J, New South Wales=Type.

911. Acanthiza ewingii Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. III.. PL 55, 1848.

17587 (527) Tasmania—Type.

Gould states that this is a larger bird than diemenensis, but the specimens show just the reverse !

913. Pyrrhol^mus brunneus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Bond.) 1840, p. 173, 1841 (Belts of the Murray). 17620 (829), South Australia=Type.

915. Sericornis citreogularis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 58, 1838.

17624 (554), New South Wales=Type.

918. Sericornis parvulus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 58, 1838 (East Shore).

17627 (546), <J, New South Wales=Type.

920.    Sericornis minimus Gould, Birds New Guinea,

Vol. III., PI. 7, 1875 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VII., p. 305).

921.    Sericornis l.evigaster Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Bond.) 1847, p. 3 (Interior of Australia near Gulf of Carpentaria).

17633 (557), $, Interior of Australia-;Type.

922.    Acanthiza magnirostra Gould, Synops. Birds

Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 60, 1838.

17630 (549), New South Wales=Type.

926. Sericornis maculatus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1847, p. 2 (West and South Australia).

17636 (560), West Australia=Type.

928. Sericornis osculans Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1847, p. 2.

17644 (543), South Australia = Type.

933. Sericornis humilis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 58, 1838.

17648 (551), (J, Tasmania=Type.

935.    Acanthiza magna Gould, Suppl. Birds Austr.,

PI. 28, 1855 (Tasmania).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Voi. VII., p. 309).

936.    Maluruslongicaudtjs Gould, Synops. Birds Austr.,

Pt. IV., App., p. 4, 1838.

837 (470), (J, Tasmania [=South Tasmania]=Type.

943. Malurus melanotus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soe. (Lond., 1840, p. 163, 1841 (Western Belts of the Murray in “ West ” Australia) [=South Australia].

844 (465) South Australia=Type.

946. Malurtjs callainus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1867, p. 302 (South Australia).

Type in the British Museum.

948.    Malurus pectoralis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1S33, p. 106 (West Australia).

A $ and juv., West Australia, still in the collection. The Type was one of two males formerly in the series but not now to be found (Nos. 460 and 461).

949.    Malurus cyanotus Gould, Handb. Birds Austr.,

Voi. L, p. 331, 1865.

853 (455), New South Wales=Type.

One of the birds figured as leucopterus may be regarded as the Type of cyanotus, as the latter was founded on the leucopterus of the Birds of Australia.

951. Malurus leuconotus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1865, p. 198 (Interior of Australia).

Type in the British Museum ; received since Cat. Birds, Voi. IV., was mitten.

953. Malurus elegans Gould, Birds Austr. and Adj. Isl., Pt. I., PI. II., 1837.

859 (437), S, West Australia = Type.

'Maeurus amarilis Gould, Proo. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1850, p. 277, 1852 (Cape York).

960. i


Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IV., p. 294), though it is not so marked.

M. HYPOLEUCUS Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. ; III., Vol. XIX., p. 369, 1867 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum ; received since Cat. Birds, Vol. IV., was written.

963.    Malurus pulcherrimus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1844, p. 106 (West Australia).

871 (447), <3, West Australia=Type.

964.    Malurus coronatus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1857, p. 221 (Victoria River, Northern Territory).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IV., p. 296).

967. Malurus cruentatus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1839, p. 143, 1840 (North-west Coast).

881 (433), A‘, Port Essington=Type.

All the series are labelled brownii Vig., the name used in the Birds of Australia.

976. L)asyornis longirostris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soe (Lond.) 1840, p. 170, 1841 (Swan River).
17689 (377), 9> King George’s Souncl=Type.

981. Amytis macroxtrus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lone 1847, p. 2.

16893 (375), C, West Australia=Type.
9S4. Dasyornis striatus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lon 1839, p. 143, 1840 (Liverpool Plains).
16890 (379), <$, New South Wales=Type.

990. Amytis goyderi Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. IV., Vol. XVI., p. 286, 1875 (Lake Eyre, South Australia).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VII., p. 109).

391. Artamtts leucopygialts Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Bond.) 1842, p. 17.

15467 (1030), <J, New South Wales=Type.

393. Ocytterus superciliosus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt, I., PI. I., 1837.

15481 (1015), (J, New South Wales=Type.

395. OCYPTERUS PERSONATES Gould, Pl'OC. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 149,    1841 (South and West

Australia).

15485 (1017), cJ, West Australia=Type.

397.    Artamus melanops Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1865,

p. 198 (Centralia).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. XIII., >. 18).

398.    Artamus albiventris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1847, p. 31 (Darling Downs).

15493 (1029), 2, “ New South Wales ” [=Queens-land]=Type.

1008. Colluricincla selbii Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. II., PI. 77, 1844.

359    (976), Tasmania=Type.

1011. Colluricincla brunnea Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 164, 1841 (North-west Coast).

360    (983), c?, Port Essington=Type.

lO 12. Colluricincla rufiventris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 164, 1841 (Swan River).

362 (988), (J, West Australia — Type.

1015. Colluricincla parvula Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1845, p. 62.

368 (985), Port Essington=Type.

1016. COLLURICINCLA RUFOGASTER Gould, PrOC. Zool. Soc. (Loncl.) 1846, p. 80 (Brushes of the Clarence). 36Q (991), <J, New South Wales=Type.

1018. Coeluricincla parvissima Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. IV., Vol. X., p. 114, 1872 (Rockingham Bay, Queensland).

Type in the British Museum, received since the Cat. Birds was written.

'Cractictjs hypoleucus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. I., PI. IV., 1837.

1027.


1 15434 (1292), rj, Tasmania=Type.

Gymnorhina organicum Gould, Birds Austr.,

Vol. II., PI. 48, 1844.

Gould changed the name hypoleucus to organicum in the Birds of Australia, with no apparent reason. Type= the same.

1028. Gymnorhina leuconota Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. II., PI. 47, 1844.

15433 (1293), South Australia=Type.

1033. Vanga nigrogularis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. I., PL III., 1837.

15440 (1287), A1, New South Wales=Type.

1037. Cracticus picatus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1848, p. 40.

15444 (1283), §, Port Essington = Type.

1040.    Vanga cinerea Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. I., PI. 2, 1837.

15460 (1279), jJ, Tasmania =Type.

1041.    Cractictjs leucopterus Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. I., p. xxxv., 1848.

15450 (1278), $, West Australia=Type.

1042.    Cractictjs argentetjs Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 126, 1841 (North-west Coast). 15452 (1285), q, Port Essington=Type.

1044. Falcunculus FT.AVIGULTJS Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 2, 1838 15197 (679), South Australia=Type.

Based on the female of F. frontatus, as explained later in the Birds of Australia. All the specimens are labelled frontatus.

1048. Falcuncituus leucogaster Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 2, 1838 (West Australia).

Type loaned by the Earl of Derby.

1054. XEROPniT.A leucopsis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc (Lond.) 1840, p. 175, 1841,

9409 (539), South Australia=Type.

1057. Xeropiula pectoralis Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist,, Ser. IV., Vol. VIII., p. 192, 1871 (Port Augusta), South Australia.

Type was in South Australian Institute at Adelaide ; since lost.

1061. Sphenostoma crist atum Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 63, 1839.

9412 1370), New South Wales=Type.

1067. Sittella leucocephala Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 68, 1838 (Australia).

9179 (760), Moreton Bay=Type.

Sittella pileata Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 68, 1838. Swan River.

1069. <


9181 (754), g, West Australia=Type.

Sittella melanocephala Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV.. PI. 68, 1838 (Swan River).

9185 (757), 9, West Australia=Type.

This was based upon the female of S. pileata.

1070. Sittella tenuirostris Gould, Handb. Birds Austr., Vol. I., p. 616, note, 1865 (South Australia).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VIII., p. 363).

1073. SlTTELLA LETJCOPTERA Goilld, PrOC. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1839, p. 144, 1840 (North-west Coast). 9186 (751), Port Essington=Type.

1076. Sittella striata Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. IV., Vol. TV., p. 110, 1869 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VIII., p. 364.

1079. Climacteris melanitra Gould, Proo. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 138, 1843.

9213 (743), North-west Coast=Type.

1082.    Climacteris melanotus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1846, p. 106, 1847 (Lvnd River, Interior Australia).

9215 (741),    “ Port Essington ” [=Lynd River]

= Type.

The specimens in the Gould collection were taken on an expedition from Moreton Bay to Port Essington, which accounts for Port Essington appearing on the labels. The one selected as type agrees exactly with the description.

1083.    Climacteris rufa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1840, p. 149, 1841.

9218 (739), (J, West Australia=Type.

1089. Climacteris pyrrhonota Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1867, p. 976 (New South Wales).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VIII., p. 339).

1092. Climacteris erythrops Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 148, 1841.

9230 (744),,;?, New South Wales—Type.

1096. Zosterops liiteus Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. IV., PI. 83, 1843.

18264 (630), (J, Port Essington=Type.

1107.    Zosterops chloronotus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 165, 1841.

18263 (627), West Australia=Type.

1108.    Zosterops tephropleura Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1855, p. 166 (“ Lord Howe Island ” =Capricorn Group, Queensland).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IX., p. 158).

1112. Pardalotus affinis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. II., PI. 22, 1837.

15512 (815), (J, Tasmania-. Type.

1126. Pardalotus rubricatus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 62, 1838 (Australia).

15530    (809) New South Wales=Type.

1129.    Pardalotus melanocepiialus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 62, 1838.

15531    (810), $, “ New South Wales ” [ = Queens-land]=Type.

1130.    Pardalotus uropygialis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1839, p. 143, 1840.

15535 (797), $, Port Essington= Type.

1132.    Pardalotus quadragintus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 63, 1838.

15539 (806), <J, Tasmania=Type.

1133.    Nectarinia australis Gould, in Jardine’s Contr. Ornith. 1850, p. (160) 106 (Porte Molle, Queensland).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IX., p. 85).

1138. Melithreptus ohloropsis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1847, p. 220, 1848.

18300 (900), West Australia=Type.

1140. Melithreptus albogularis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1847, p. 220, 1848 (Norf.h and East Australia).

18313 (908), Port Essington = Type.

1142. If atmatoPS gularis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. I., PI. 17, 1837.

18320 (898), New South Wales=Type.

1144. Melithreptes l^etior Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. IV., Vol. XVI., p. 287, 1875 (Northern Territory).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IX., p. 206).

1148. H.ematops validirostris Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. I., PI. 17, 1837.

18327 (894), A, Tasmania=Type.

1156. Melithreptus melanoceph.ala Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1845, p. 62.

18333 (904), <i, Tasmania=Type.

1158. Plectorhyncha lanceolata Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 70, 1837.

18495 (392),    , New South Wales—Type.

1162. Myzomela erythrocephala Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1839, p. 144, 1840 (North-west Coast).

18218 (345), (J, Port Essington=Type.

1165. Myzomela nigra Gould, Birds Austr. and Adj. Isl., Pt. II., PI. 8, 1838.

18230 (360), d1, West Austraiia — Type.

1167. Myzomela pectoralis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 170, 1841 (North-west Coast). 18224 (357), A, North Coast of Australia=Type.

1169. Myzomela obscura Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 136, 1843.

18227 (339), Port Essington=Type.

1170. Acanthorhynchus dubius Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. II, PI. 27, 1837.

18242 (350), (J, Tasmania=Type.

1177. Acanthorhynchus stjperciliosus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr, Pt. II, PI. 27, 1837 (Tasmania). 18247 (348). West Australia=Type.

The type-locality given by Gould was quite erroneous, as he afterwards ascertained.

1183. Glyciphila albifrons Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Bond.) 1840, p. 100, 1841.

18362    (488), West Australia^ Type.

1185. Glyciphila fasciata Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 137, 1843.

18360 (475), Port Essington=Type.

1189. Entomophila picta Gould, Synops. Birds Austr, Pt. IV, PI. 71, 1838.

18363    (401), New South Wales: Type.

1191.    Entomophila ? albogularis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 137, 1843 (Port Essington). 18369 (398), Van Diemen's Gulf, Northern

Territory=Type.

1192.    Entomophila ? rufogularis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 137, 1843 (North Coast). 18368 (400) North Coast of Australia [Derby]=

Type.

1194. Melicophila picata Gould, Birds Austr, Vol. IV, PI. 49, 1844.

18370 (396), 2, West Australia: Type.

Glyciphila ? ocularis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr, Pt. IV, App, p. 6, 1838 (Tasmania).

119S1


18347 (479), A, New South Wales=Type.

The type-locality given by Gould was entirely erroneous, as he afterwards discovered.

Glyciphila ? subocularis id., ib. (N.S. Wales). 18342, juv. New South Wales=Type.

Though the Type is stated to be in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IX., p. 215), there is no reason for accepting it, in preference to the above cited specimen in the Gould Collection at Philadelphia.

1202. Ptilotis notata Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. III.. Vol. XX., p. 269, 1867 (Cape York). Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IX.,

p. 228).

1204. Ptilotis gracilis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1866, p. 217 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IX.,

p. 228).

1206. Melipiiaga fusca Gould, Synops. Birds Austr.. Pt, II., PI. 26, 1837.

18510 (967), New South Wales=Type.

1213.    Ptilotis flavostriata Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc (Lond.) 1875, p. 315 (Rockingham Bay, Queensland).

Type in the British Museum. The specimen cata logued there being the bird figured by Gould in Birdi of New Guinea, and the only one he had.

1214.    Ptilotis sonorus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.

1840, p. 160, 1841 (South and West Australia). 18522 (972), South Australia=Type.

1221. Ptilotis versicolor Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond. 1842, p. 136, 1843 (North Coast).

18528 (975), Port Essington = Type.

1226.    Ptilotis flavigula Gould, Synops. Birds Austr, Pt. IV., PI. 72, 1838.

18533 (951),    Tasmania = Type.

1227.    Ptilotis fasciogularis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc

(Lond.) 1851, p. 285, 1854 (Moreton Bay, Queens land).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. IX p. 240).

1232. Pin.otis cockerelli Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. IV., p. 109, 1869 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum, received since the Cat. Birds was written.—G.M.M.

1235.    Ptilotis cassidix Gould, Bird Austr., Suppl., PI. 39, 1867 (Western Port Bay, Victoria).

Type in the British Museum.

1236.    Ptilotis cratitius Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, 160, 1841 (Interior of South Australia and Kangaroo Island).

18544, rj, Kangaroo Island=Type.

1244. Ptilotis ornatus Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PL 72, 1838 18552 (962), <J, West Australia=Type.

1248. Ptilotis plumulus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 150, 1841.

18555 (948), ¿J, West Australia=Type.

1252. Ptilotis flavescens Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1839, p. 144, 1840.

18558 (941), North-west Australia = Type.

1255. Ptilotis flava Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 136, 1843 (North Coast).

18561 (940), $, “ Port Essington ” [=Cape York]. The labelling of the specimen was evidently guesswork, as Gould only knew that it came from somewhere on the North Coast.

1257. Meliphaga penicillata Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. I., PI. 15, 1837.

18549 (942), <J, New South Walesa-Type.

1265. Ptilotis unicolor Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 136, 1843.

18563 (944), (J, Port Essington = Type.

1268. Ptilotis filigera Gould, Suppl. Birds Austr., PI. 42, March 15th, 1851 ; Cape York.

Type in the British Museum.—G.M.M.

1272. Meliphaga jnornata Gould, Synops. Birds Au§tr., Pt. IV.. App., p. 5, 1838.

18403 (933), <£, Tasmania=Type.

1277. Meliphaga longirostris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1846, p. 83.

18405 (923), West Australia=Type.

Meliphaga sericea Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1836, p. 144, 1837.

18409 (926), (J, New South Wales=Type.

Meliphaga sericeola Gould, Synops. BirdsAustr., Pt. IV., App., p. 5, 1838 (“locality unknown." \ 18410 (927), 0, New South Wales=Type.

1280 Meliphaga mystacalis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 161, 1841.

18412 (929), (?, West Australia=Type.

1288. Myzantha flavigula Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1839, p. 143, 1840.

18424 (1234), New South Wales =-= Type.

1290. Myzantha obscura Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.(Lond.) 1840, p. 159, 1841.

18421 (1231), West Australia=Type.

1293. Myzantha lutea Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1839, p. 144, 1840.

18427 (1237), North-west Coast= Derby=Type.

1298. Anthochjera tnauris Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. IV., PL 54, 1844.

18434 (1005), <J, Tasmania=Type.

1302.    ANTHOCHiERA lunulata Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 5, 1838 (Swan River). 18445 (1012), West Australia is typical.

Type in Collection at Fort Pitt, Chatham.

1303.    Acanthagenys riteogularis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., PI. 69, 1838.

18450 (1243), cj, New South Wales=Type.

1312. Entomyza albipennis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 109, 1841.

18483 (892),    Port Essington = Type.

1314. Tropidorhynchus argenticeps Gould, Proc. Zool. (Lond.) 1839, p. 144, 1840.

18472 (995),    Port Essington = Type.

1319. Tropidorhynchus citreogularis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt, I., PL 13, 1837.

18486 (999), New South Wales=Type.

323. Tropidorhynchus sordidus Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. T., Intro., p. lviii., 1848 (Coburg Peninsula). 18489 (1002),    , Port Essington=Type.

332. Mirapra iiORSFiEr.Dii Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc (Lond.) 1847, p. i.

14766 (1104), cj, New South Wales=Type.

1344. Amadina castanotis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt, I., PI. 10, 1837.

14461 (591), <J, New South Wales=Type.

1349, Emblema picta Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 17, North-west Coast [=Derby],

The unique Type was stolen from Gould in 1846 'see Handbook, Vol. I., p. 430).

1355.    Amadina annulosa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1839, p. 143, 1840.

14476 (581), North-west Australia=Type.

1356.    Amadina castaneothorax Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. II., PI. 21, 1837 (Australia) (^Queensland].

Type in King’s College, since lost.

1359. Donacola flavlprymna Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1845, p. 80.

14545 (603) North-west Coast=Type.

1360. Amadina pectoralis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 127, 1841.

14546 (598), A, North-west Australia—Type.

1362. Air a oils'a modesta Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. I., PI. 10, 1837.

14610 (595), <A, New South Wales=Type.

1366. Amadina ruficiauda Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. I., PL 10, 1837.

14617 (577) is the female or young male mentioned in the description.

“ No. 575, New South Wales,” was the Type, but cannot now be found.

1371. Amadina acuticaitda Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1839, p. 143, 1840.

14622 (609), q, North-west Australia=Type.

1373. Amadina gouldl® Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. Ill, PI. 88, 1844 (North-east Australia) [=Greenhill Island, Van Diemen’s Gulf],

14645 (604), A, Van Diemen’s Gulf=Type.

1375. Amadina cincta Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1836, p. 105, 1837.

14627 (615), A, Interior [New South Wales]=Type.

1379. Pcephila personata Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 18.

14625 (613), <A, Port Essington=Type.

1382. Pcephila leucotis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1846, p. 106, 1847 (Neighbourhood of Lynd River). 14632 (611), cJ, Interior of Australia=Type.

1387. Oriolus affinis Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. I.. Introcl., p. liii., 1848.

3285 (1580), (J, Port Essington=Type.

1392. Sphecotheres australis Gould, Birds Austr., Vol. IV., PI. 15, 1848.

3288 (1573),d1, North Coast [=Queensland]=Type

394. Sphecotheres flaviventris Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1849, p. 111.

3291 (52), Cape York, Oct. 15, 1848-=Type. This specimen was received from Gould some years ,fter the main Collection. The types of most of the species described after the sale of his Collection were ecured by the British Museum, but in this case he sems to have sent the type to Dr. Wilson as there is no nention of a type in the Catalogue of Birds.

398. Dicrurus bracteatus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1842, p. 132, 1843 (East and North Coasts).

267 (643), 2, New South Wales [—Queensland ]= Type.

408.    Calodera maculata Gould, Synops. Birds Austr.,

Pt, I., PI. 6, 1837.

3176 (1548), A, New South Wales: Type.

409.    Chlamydera occipitalis Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. IV., Vol. XVI., p. 429, 1875 (North Queensland).

Type in the British Museum.

,1411. Chlamydera guttata Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1862, p. 162 (North-west Australia).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VI. p. 391).

¡1413. Chlamydodera orientalis Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. V., Vol. IV., p. 74, 1879 (North Queensland).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VI., p. 392).

1415. Chlamydera cervlniventris Gould, in Jardine’s Contr. Ornith. 1850, p. (160) 106, 1851 (Cape York).

Type in the British Museum (Cat. Birds, Vol. VI., 391).

1416. Sericttltts magnirostris Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 2, 1838 (“ Tasmania ? ”) [=New South Wales].

Based on a female S. chrysocephalus and 3100 (1554), 9. New South Wales may be regarded as the Type.

1420. Ptiloris Victoria Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1849, p. 111., Barnard Island, Queensland.

Type in British Museum (Cat. Birds., Vol. Ill, p. 156).

1435. Strepera melanoptera Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1846, p. 20.

2921 (1305), $, South Australia=Type.

1439. Strepera arguta Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1846, p. ’9.

2912 (1303), c?, Tasmania=Type.

1442.    Strepera plumbea Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1846, p. 20.

2919 (1300), <J, West Australia=Type.

1443.    Coro NIC a fuliginosa Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. I., PL 5, 1837.

2924 (1309), Tasmania=Type.

1444.    Struthidea cinerea Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. I., PI. 9, 1837.

18763 (1571), $, New South Wales=Type.

Gould introduced 427 names into Australian ornithological literature of which—

85 are synonyms 193 „ species ) ^

148 ,, subspecies) 426 total.

THE

AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

VOL. I. No. 8.

ISSUED IN CONNEXION WITH THE

Austral Avian Museum, Watford, Herts, England

Editor

GREGORY M. MATHEWS

Price 1/6 Net

YVITHERBY & CO. 326 High Holborn London W.C.

March 20th 1913.

THE    AUSTRAL AVIAN

RECORD.

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA.

Vor.. I., No. 8.


March 20th, 1913.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

¡New Subspecies of Birds from the Monte Bello

Islands ..    ..    ..    . .    ..    ..    .. 181

(Additional Species described by G-ould from Norfolk, Lord Howe, and Philip Islands . .    .. 182

¡The Genus-name Meliphaga ..    . .    . .    .. 184

Additions ... to my Reference Lisi . .    . . 187

New Genera ..    ..    ..    . .    . .    ..195

(NEW SUBSPECIES OF BIRDS FROM THE MONTE BELLO ISLANDS, N.-W.A.

By P. !). Montague.

Eremiornis carteri assimilis, subsp. n.

Island Desert-bird.    -

Differs from E. c. carteri North, in its smaller size, irger bill, and in having the head darker reddish-brown ; le whole plumage is slightly darker.

Wing 53-58 mm.

Type, Hermite Island, Monte Bello Group, June, 1912.

Anthus australis montebelli. subsp. n.

Monte Bello Pipit.

lifters from A. a. tribulationis Mathews, in its smaller and its very much paler coloration, as the dark res of the feathers on the upper-surface are much iced; the spotting on the breast is almost obsolete.

ing 82-88 mm.

pe, Hermite Island ; occurs throughout the group.

•AÍS3I let p

ADDITIONAL SPECIES DESCRIBED BY GOULD FROM NORFOLK, LORD HOWE, AND PHILIP ISLANDS,

(Continued from Parts 6 & 7.)

By Wither Stone and Gregory M. Mathews.

Petroica modesta Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 3, 1838, Norfolk Island.

App. 8. ■


662 (405), $, Norfolk Island=Type.

Petroica pulchella Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1839, p. 142, 1840, Norfolk Island.

661 (404), <J, Norfolk Island=Type.

Pachycephala xanthoprocta Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., Pt. III., PI. 55, 1838, “ New App. 12. (South Wales ”=Norfolk Island.

Pachycephala longirostra id., ib., “New South Wales ”=Norfolk Island.

App. 15. Symmorphus leucopygus Gould, Synops.

Birds Austr., Pt. IV., App., p. 3, 1838, “ New South Wales ”=Norfolk Island.

Types of the above three are lost.

App. 16. Merula vinitincta Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1855, p. 165, Lord Howe Island.

Type in the British Museum.

App. 17. Merula nestor Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc.

(Lond.) 1835, p. 186, “ Murrumbidgee River (N.S.W.)=Norfolk Island.

Type lost.

App. 18. Zosterops albogularis Gould, Synops. Birds| Austr., Pt. I., PI. 18, 1837, interior of New South Wales=Norfolk Island.

App. 19. Zosterops tenuirostris id., ib., same locality. Types lost.

App. 20. Zosterops STRENUUS Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1855, p. 166, Lord Howe Island.

Type in the British Museum.

App. 21. Aplonis eusca Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.)

1836, p. 73, “ Murrumbidgee River (N.S.W.) = Norfolk Island.

Type lost.

Nos. 17, 18, 19, and 21 were described from the “ Murrumbidgee River, N.S.W. ; collected by Captain Sturt,” and the Types of 18, 19, and 21 were said by Gould to have been presented by Captain Sturt to the Zoological Society. However this mis-statement arose tve are now unable to discover.

Add. 3. Plyctolophtts prodttcttts Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1836, p. 19, Philip Island and (Norfolk Island).

Type lost.

Herodias pannosus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1848, p. 221, “ Port Stevens, New South Wales ”=South Africa.

Type lost.

Aprosmictos msiGNissiMus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1874, p. 499.

Founded on a painting of a Queensland bird. Gould, '’roc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1875, p. 314, described the rird itself. Type in Brisbane Museum. Unquestionably i hybrid.

THE GENUS-NAME MELIPHAGA.

By Gregory M. Mathews.

In the Birds of New Holland, John William Lewin introduced the genus Meliphaga. Four species were there included in the genus which was diagnosed thus :—

“ Or. Picae. Gen. Meliphaga.

Character of the Genus.

Beak arched, stout, and almost three sided, PI. 3b.

Nostrils long and covered with a membrane.

Tongue long, and split into a number of hairs at the] end. PL 3a.

Feet formed for climbing, the outer toe joined to the middle one as far as the first joint.

The birds of this genus feed on the nectarine juice concentrated in all the flowers of this country, which they extract with the bunch of hair at the end of their long tongues.”

It is obvious from this that the genus was formed to: include all Australian Honeyeaters, and four species are named, all figured: these are Meliphaga phrygia, M. cyanops, M. chrysotis, and M. chrysocephala. The three former are credited to older writers, while the last-named was new.

The genus was at once taken up by systematists for Honeyeaters from Australia generally, and probably) Melithreptus, introduced by Vieillot in the Analysenouv. Ornith., p. 46, 1816, was simply intended for the same group, but as the species indicated belongs to a different genus it is independently maintained.

Swainson in the Zool. Illus., Vol. I., pi. 43, 1820, gave a plate of Melliphaga auricomis, and there gave a “Generic Character ” of “Melliphaga Lewin,” and designated as “ Typus genericus, Certhia novaehollandiae Lath.” 01 course this type-designation cannot be accepted, as the I species named is not one of the original species mentioned by Lewin as members of his genus.

In the Zool. Journ., Vol. I., 1825, Swainson introduced Sericulus (p. 476) and Entomyzon (p. 480) for M. chryso-zephalus Lewin, and Oracula cyanotis Latham, respec-lively.    The latter is the same bird as Meliphaga

pyanops Lewin.

When Vigors and Horsfield published their classic paper on Australian birds in the Trans. Linn. Soc. (Lond.), Vol. XV., they continued this incorrect usage. They indicated five sections of the genus Meliphaga, and named as type of the restricted genus “ Meliphaga Lewin et Auct.,” “ Mel. Novae Hollandiae, the Certhia novae hollandiae of Latham.” In their second section is included Meliphaga chrysotis Lewin, while Meliphaga phrygia Lewin is placed in their new genus AnthochceraMeliphaga chrysocephala Lewin is recognised as genetically separable under Swainson’s name Sericulus ; and Gracula cyanotis Latham is classed under their new genus Tropi-dorhynchus; Swainson’s Entomyzon apparently being overlooked or ignored.

It is thus seen that the only member of Lewin’s genus Meliphaga admitted as belonging to that genus as early as 1826 was Meliphaga chrysotis Lewin, though a wrong type was determined for Lewin's genus.

This usage was continued until Swainson published his Classification of Birds in 1837, when in Vol. II., p. 326, he included the genus Meliphaga Lewin, and differentiated sections thus :—

Meliphaga. M. barbata* Ois. dor, pi. 57. Austral-asiana, ih.. pi. 55.

Ptilotis Sw., P. lewinii Lew., Bds., pi. 5. leucotis Lew., Bds., pi. 20.

Zanthomiza Sw., Z. phrygia Shaw, Zool. of N.D., pi. 4.

* The Certhia novce-hollandice of the old authors, and of which the modem Meliphaga sericea, I am led to believe, is but a sexual difference.

Anthochcera* Horsfielcl and Vigors. A. carunculata White’s Voy., pi. 6.

Here again Meliphaga Lewin is not correctly typilied, and when Gray drew up his List Genera Birds in 1840 (p. 15) he noted this, and there introduced Meliornis for the group of which Certhia novce-Tiollandice Latham is the type, and absolutely designated as type of Meliphaga Lewin (Ptilotis Sw.)—M. chrysalis (Lath.) Lewin, B. of N. H., pi. 5 : M. Lewinii Swains, and included :

Zanthomiza Swains., Z. phrygia (Lew.) Swains., Lew\, B. of N. H., pi. 4.

Subsequently this action seems to have been altered, but there is no valid reason for any amendment, the species M. chrysotis Lewin (nec. Latham) = M lewinii (Swainson) being one of the original Lewinian species and the only one left in Lewin's genus as early as 1820.

In my Reference List I admitted (Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIII., p. 410, 1912) Meliphaga Lewin. 1808. with type (by monotypy) M. phrygia Shaw. This was quite erroneous, as I have just shown four species were included by Lewin in his genus. The following corrections are therefore necessary :—■

p. 401. Zanthomiza Swainson, Classif. Birds, Vol. II.. p. 326, 1837,

Type (bv monotypy). Z. phrygia (Shaw), must replace

Meliphaga Auct., net of Lewin, 1808 : and on p. 403, Meliphaga Lewin, Birds of-New Holland, p. 7, 1808,

Type (by sub-designation, Gray, 1840), M. chrysotis Lewin (nec. Latham) .1/. lewinii (Swainson), must replace

Ptilotis Swainson, Classif. Birds, Vol. II., p. 326, 1837, same type.

* I hardly think it advisable to discriminate these subordinate types by subgeneric names ; but as that of Anthochcera has been already done, I have designated what appear to me to be three of the others.

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS TO MY REFERENCE LIST.

By Gregory M. Mathews.

Recent investigations have made necessary the following alterations. Some of these are due to the fact that the disturbing names were omitted from the Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum, and consequently have hitherto escaped notice. The monumental work of Mr. C. Davies Sherborn, however, lays bare the usage of inaccurate names, and all systematic workers are more indebted to him than can be easily acknowledged. Reference was constantly made to his work whenever a little-known name was questioned, but unfortunately some of the best-known names were not queried, and it is due to this omission that the following changes are now made :—

50b. Geopelia humeralis headlandi, subsp. n.

Pale Barred-shouldered Dove.

Differs from G. h. inexpectata in its much paler upper-surface and wing-coverts. It is also smaller in the wing and bill; it is therefore the smallest and palest form. Type, Port Headland, North-west Australia, No. 110. Range, Mid-West Australia.

123b. Reinholdia reinholdi byroni, subsp. n. Australian Brow n-backed Petrel.

Differs from R. r. reinholdi in its darker upper-coloration and smaller size. Wing, 191 mm. ; tarsus, 40.

Type, Byron Bay, North New South Wales, No. 15842. Range, New South Wales.

138. Daption capense australis, subsp. n.

New Zealand Spotted Petrel.

Differs from l). c. capense in having the dark markings I very much darker, almost black. Measurements about the same.

Type, New Zealand, Xo. 268.

Range, Australia and New Zealand.

222a. Tringa ociiRorus assami, subsp. n.

Eastern Green Sandpiper.

Differs from Tringa ochropus Linné in being much paler above and slightly larger.

Type, Assam, No. 462.

Range, Siberia (breeding! to Malay Archipelago (Australia ?).

236. Gallinago Hardwickii replaces

Gallinago australis australis.

Scolopax australis Latham, Index Omith. Suppl., p. lxv., 1801 : is pre-occupied by Scolopax australis Scopoli, Annus I., Hist. Nat., p. 94, 1769 ; and the next name is

Scolopax hardwickii Gray, Zool. Miscell., p. 16, 1831 ; Tasmania.

283. Ixobrychus MmuTtrs alisteri, subsp. n.

Eastern Little Bittern.

Head, back and tail dark bronzy-green ; primaries black, wing-coverts buff ; bend of the wing chestnut, like the sides of the head and back of the neck ; the feathers on the under-side of the neck are reddish-buff ; feathers of the lower-throat black with brown edges ; under-surface light brown.

Type, New South Wales.

Range, New South Wales.

As Ardea pusilla Vieillot, Nouv. Diet. d:Hist Nat., Vol. XIV., p. 432, 1817, is pre-occupied by Ardea pusilla P. L. S. Muller, Nat. Syst., Suppl., p. Ill, 1776, it is necessary to describe the above bird as new.

293. Add as synonym—

Nettapus bicolor Lesson, Echo du Monde Savant, 11th year, No. 6, July 7th, 1844, col. 127 ; Queensland.

318a. Sula dactylatra bedouti, subsp. n.

Western Masked Gannet.

Differs from S. d. 'personata Gould in its much smaller size, especially in the bill ; and in having blue feet.

Type, Bedout Island, South-west Australia, No. 4497. Range, West Australia.

320a. Sula leucogaster rogersi, subsp. n.

Western Brown Gannet.

Differs from 8. 1. leucogaster in having silver-grey eyes and pale blue feet.

Type, Bedout Island, West Australia, No. 4495. Range, West Australia.

368.    Falco frontatus frontatus

replaces

Falco lunulatus lunulatus.

369.    Falco frontatus murchisonianus

replaces

Falco lunulatus murchisonianus.

| 369a. Falco frontatus apsleyi replaces

Falco lunulatus apsleyi.

Falco lunulatus Latham, Index Ornith., Suppl., p. xiii., 1801, is pre-occupied by Falco lunulatus Daudin, Traité elem. Ornith., Vol. II., p. 122, 1800. The next name is Falco frontatus Gould, which was published in January, 1838, while Falco longipennis Swainson, as far as I know at present, was not published until later, and not 1837 as given in the Reference List.

On the previous page (251) of the Reference List Falco melanogenys Gould was preferred to Falco macropus Swainson, but the years are given incorrectly in each case as 1837.

4I0a. Calyptorhynchus baudinti tenuirostris, subsp. n.

Narrow-billed Black Cockatoo.

Differs from C. b. baudinii, in having a very narrow long upper mandible.

Type, Wandering, West Australia, No. 5169.

Range, West Australia.

I designate as type-locality of C. b. baudini Lear, Albany, as a specimen collected by Mr. Tom Carter at that place agrees with the type.

465. Add as synonym—

Platycercus ccelestis Lesson, Echo du Monde Savant, 11th year, No. 5, July 7th, 1844, col. Ill ; New South Wales.

575. Add as synonym—

Chalcites simplex Lesson, Echo du Monde Savant, 11th year, No. 48, June 20th, 1844, col. 1138; New South Wales.

580a. Cuculus westwoodia, sp. n.

Allied Cuckoo.

General colour above metallic bronze-green, including the head, back, and wing-coverts; upper tail-coverts greener : tail brown, toothed with white ; under tail-coverts whitish ; primaries brown with dark shafts; bend of the wing white ; throat grey ; under-surface barred with white and brown.

Total length 248 mm. ; wing 125, culmen 18, tarsus 19, tail 102.

Type, Central Queensland, No. 14547.

Range, Queensland.

630. Petroica multicolor coccínea replaces

Petroica multicolor leggii.

In the United States Expl. Exp., Vol. VIII., p. 92, 1848, Titian Peale described Petroica coccínea from New South Wales. In the second edition of this work, published

in 1858, Cassin entirely ignored this species, and as the first edition is a very rare book, not included in the Library of the Natural History Department of the British Museum, this name was overlooked by Sharpe when he separated the New South Wales bird, and correctly restricted P. multicolor to the Norfolk Island bird.

pp. 313-314 read :—

No. 686 Pachycephala pectoralis pectoralis.

robusta.

queenslandica.

ashbyi.

youngi.

glaucura.

fuliginosa.

occidentalis.

melanura.

consobrina.

violet ce.


687

688

689

690

691

692

693

694 694a 694b

Turdus gutturalis Latham, Index Ornith., Suppl., fp. xli., 1801 is pre-occupied by Turdus gutturalis, P. L. S. Muller. Nat. Syst., Suppl., p. 144, 1776. The next name is Muscicapa pectoralis Latham, Index Ornith., Suppl., p. li., 1801. New South Wales, which must be accepted as the species-name.

695. Add as synonym—

Turdus pectoralis Lewin, Birds New Holland, p. 12, PL VIII., 1808 ; New South Wales.

794a. Hylacola pybrhopygia belcheei, subsp. n. Geelong Ground-Wren.

Differs from 11. p. pyrrhopygia in its much smaller measurements, especially in the bill. This subspecies ; has the black subterminal band on the tail ; H. p. brevicauda has a black tail.

Type, Anglesea, near Geelong, Victoria, No. 15745. Range, South-west of Geelong. Victoria,

799. Add as synonym—

Dasyornis abeillei Lesson, Echo du Monde Savant, 11th year. No. 4, July 7th, 1844, col. 80 ; New South Wales.

868a. Eremiornis carteri rogersi, subsp. n. Northern Desert-Bird.

Differs from E. c. carteri in being much more reddish above.

Type, Hall’s Creek, Kimberley Gold Fields (Northwest Australia), No. 3817.

Range, North-west Kimberley.

963a. Malurus pulcherrimus stirlingi, subsp. n. South-western Blue-breasted Wren.

Differs from M. p. pulcherrimus in having the chestnut scapulars and the head much darker, and the ear-coverts lighter ; the flanks also are browner. Type of M. ■pulcherrimus is from the Wongan Hills.

Type, Stirling Ranges, No. 10503.

Range, South-west Australia.

1149a. Melethreptus ATRICAPILLUS MINNIE, subsp. n. Queensland Brown-headed Honey-eater.

Differs from M. a. atricapillus in having a brown nuchal collar.

Type, Central Queensland.

Range, Queensland.

1150a. Melethreptus atricapillus mallee, subsp. n. Mallee Brown-headed Honey-eater.

Differs from M. a. submagnirostris in its smaller size. Type, Mallee, Victoria, No. 10136.

Range, Malee.

1230a. Ptilotis lettcotis mallee, subsp. n.

Mallee White-eared Honey-eater.

Differs from P. 1. melanodera (Q. et G.) in having a I smaller white ear-patch, heavier bill, and darker upper-surface.

Type, Mallee, Victoria, No. 10140.

Range, Mallee.

No. 1236. Ptilotis cratitia zakda, nom. nov., replaces

Ptilotis cratitia samueli Mathews,

Austral Av. Rec., p. 99, 1912; not P.chrysops samiœli id... ib., ante (No. 1224a).

1331a. Anthus australis rogersi, subsp. n.

Melville Island Pipit.

Differs from A. a. tribulationis, and every other Australian subspecies, in being very dark ; the feathers on the upper-surface and on thé breast being very dark blackish-brown.

Type, Melville Island, No. 15789.

Range,. Melville Island, Northern Territory.

1347a. Zonæginthiis castaîîotis roebitcki, subsp. n. Dark Chestnut-eared Finch.

Differs from Z. c. mungi in being darker above and in having the chestnut ear-patch much darker.

Type, Roebuck Bay, North-west Australia (coast), No. 11044.

Range, North-west Australia (coast).

Z. c. wayensis is a pale, inland form.

1356. Add as synonym—

Webongia albiventer Lesson, Echo du Monde Savant, 12th year, No. 13, February 2nd, 1845, col. 295 Queensland.

ADDENDA.

95a. Gallinula moluccana yoeki, subsp. n.

Pale Rufous-tailecl Moorhen.

Differs from G. in. ruficrissa, as figured by Gould from the Cape River, in being lighter above, lighter under tail-coverts, and in having the abdomen light grey and not buff.

Type, Cape York, North Queensland, No. 15966. Range, Cape York.

304. Spatula clypeata Indiana, subsp. n.

Eastern Shoveler.

Differs from S. c. clypeata Linné in having a shorter, broader bill ; the white on the breast much more extensive. It is also slightly larger.

Type, India.

Range, Siberia, through the Malay Archipelago.

376a. Ninox boobook macgilliveayi, subsp. n.

Cape York Boobook Owl.

Differs from N. b. boobook, in its smaller size and lighter coloration throughout.

Total length 320 mm. ; culmen 16 ; wing 218 ; tail 123 ; tarsus 40.

Type, Cape York, North Queensland, No. 13881. Range, Cape York.

NEW GENERA.

By Gregory M. Mathews.

27. Ahstroturnix, gen. nov.

Differs from Turnix Bonnaterre in haring a much thicker, deeper bill.

Type, Turnix castanotus Gould.

A ustroturnix melanogaster.

,,    castanota castanota.

„    „    melvellensis.

,,    „    alligator.

,,    ,,    magnified.

,,    olivii.

„    pyrrothorax pyrrothorax.

,,    „    berneyi.

,,    velox    velox.

,,    leucogaster.

,,    ,,    vinotincta.

,,    „    picturata.

<i9. Terraphaps, gen. nov.

Differs from Geophaps in having the bare space round the eye much more extensive ; deeper and heavier bill, and stouter feet.

Type, Geophaps smithii Jardine and Selby.

'271. Myola, gen. nov.

Differs from Notophoyx in having the bill a little more than half the length of the tarsus.

Type, Notophoyx pacifica (Latham).

273. Tonophoyx, gen. nov.

Differs from Notophoyx in having a very long crest. Type, Notophoyx flavirostris (Sharpe).

282. Toburides, gen. nov.

Differs from Butorides in having a longer bill in proportion to its tarsus.

Type, Butorides rogersi Mathews.

416a. Za’n'da. gen. nov.

Differs from Calyptorhynchus in its very flat, narrow bill and different wing-formuli—3rd. 4th. and 5th longest and subequal, 1st shorter than 5th.

Type, Calyptorhynchus baudini tenuirostris Mathews. 985. Mytisa, gen. nov.

Differs from Diaphorillas in having a larger and more slender bill.

Type, Diaphorillas howei Mathews.

1169. Melomyza, gen. nov.

Differs from Cissomela in having ^the 2nd primary much shorter than the 3rd.

Type, Myzomela obscura Gould.

1379. Xeopcephila, gen. nov.

Differs from Neochmia in having the tail-feathers more pointed.

Type, Poephila belcheri Mathews.

1438. Xeostrepera, gen. nov.

Differs from Streperà in lacking the very distinct hook at the end of the maxilla.

Type, Streperà arguta Gould.

I take this opportunity of describing the eggs of 1085. Climacteris rufa orientalis Mathews. Clutch, two ; ground-colour pale stone, covered all over but more at the larger end, with reddish-brown and lavender spots of irregular shape ; 24 by 19 mm. Gawler Ranges, South Australia. Collected by Captain S. A. White on September 6th, 1912.1

THE

AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

^ SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY CO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

EDITED BY

GREGORY M. MATHEWS

VOLUME I.

JANUARY 1912—MARCH 1913.

WITHERBY <fc CO. 326 High Holborn London’ W C

»


CONTENTS.

PART 1.

PAGE

Notes on Australian Cuckoos -----    2

Dates of Issue of Lear’s Illustr. Psittaeidse -    -    23

and Muller’s Nat. Gesch. Land-en Volk. -    -    24

PART 2.

Additions and Corrections to my Reference List to

the Birds of Australia -----    25

Description of Eggs ------    53

PART 3.

Notes on the Coloration of the Head and Neck of the

Australian Cassowary (Plate I.)    -    -    —    66

Biggie’s New Species of Australian Birds-    -    -    68

Additions ... to my Reference List    -    -    73

PART 4.

Additions ... to my Reference List    -    -    81

On the Generic Name of the Barn-Owl -    -    _    104

PART 5.

New Generic Names for Australian Birds-    -    -    105

Additions ... to my Reference List    -    -    118

The Geographical Relationships of the Birds of Lord

Howe, Norfolk, and the Kermadec Islands -    121

On the Generic Names Antigone and Mathewsia -    122

piaww wnvpisrrr utRAtt

CONTENTS.    iv.

New Subspecies of New Zealand Birds    -    -    -    124

A New Bird for Australia -    -    -    -    -    125

A Changed Name -------    125

New Birds -    --    --    --    -    126

Substitute-Names -----    -    -    -    127

Additional Notes --------    127

PARTS 6 & 7.

A List of the Species of Australian Birds described by John Gould, with the Location of the Type-specimens _______    129

PARI 8.

New Subspecies of Birds from the Monte Bello Islands    181

Additional Species described by Gould from Norfolk,

Lord Howe, and Philip Islands-    -    -    _    182

The Genus-name Meliphaga -----    184

Additions ... to my Reference List -    -    187

New Genera --------    195

Opinions on the Birds of Australia (continued from overleaf).

BIS.

1912, p. 197. We congratulate Mr. Mathews on the successful ssue of this instalment of his^arduous task, and on the continued ;xcellence of the text and plates.

1912, p. 673. These parts of Mr. Mathews’ work include the naiority of the Australian Procellariijormes or Petrels ; and, apart rom the excellence of the plates and the life-histories of the birds, /here they are known, are of great importance to all who are interested . i the correct identification of the members of this admittedly difficult roup.

In the first place, the Author has been fortunate enough to rediscover j t the British Museum the original manuscript of Dr. Solander. The alue of this discovery can hardly be over-estimated. Mr. Mathews ow gives us exact copies of all these diagnoses and this enables us to lake up our minds on many doubtful points and to check the work <f later authors. But this is not the only boon that he has conferred a «a workers at the group. He proceeds to review the authorities on le Order from the earliest monograph by Latham to the latest by )'r. Godman, and to show the connection of Latham’s descriptions 'ith the Banksian drawings and J. R. Forster’s work, which is the jjnore necessary as the former does not seem to have had access to iolander’s notes.

JUK.

1911,    p. 304. The work is emphatically revisionary as regards uestions of nomenclature and the status of forms belonging to the , ustralian avifauna.

1912,    p. 124. The first volume warrants the liberal praise bstowed upon Part I., as regards the character of both the text and

pates.

1912,    p. 330. The high standard set in Volume I. is maintained ■ii the parts before us, both plates and letterpress being beautifully Jccecuted, while the history, synonymy and relationship of the various fi)ecies are treated at length.

Taken all together these parts of Mr. Mathews’ work constitute l<ne of the most important contributions to our knowledge of the irocellariiformes that has yet appeared.

1913,    p. 124. Parts 3 and 4 of the Second Volume of Mr. Mathews’ ¡reat work are before us, and testify to the energy with which the jublication is being carried on. In style these parts are similar to those hat have pieceded them, and they are fully up to the high standard tiat characterised the First Volume.

VOLUMES I. and II. NOW COMPLETE.

The Edition is strictly limited to 300 Numbered Sets.

THE.

BIRDS

OF

AUSTRALIA

BY

GREGORY M. MATHEWS

MEMBER OF THE AUSTRALIAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION AND THE BRITISH ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION.

A complete work, compiled from all published sources and from the author's observations, together with those of a large number of field-naturalists in all

of Australia.

WITH HAND-COLOURED PLATES

Drawn by H. GRONVOLD, J G KEULEMANS, G E. LODGE, and other well-known Artists

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IBIS.

1911, p. 176. We have now before us, the first part of this newi

work on Australian Birds, which is the more welcome as that Gould has been long out of date, and we shall now be able to form a clear opinion on the validity of any species or subspecies that ha» been described since his day, and to get a more comprehensive £ of the avifauna of the Commonwealth than is possible when the literatui was scattered.

LContinued overte

THE

AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

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ISSUED IN CONNEXION WITH THE

Austhal Avian Museum, Watford, Herts, England

Editor

GREGORY M. MATHEWS

Price 1/6 Net

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August 2nd, 1913.

/

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THE AUSTRAL RECORD.


A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA.

Vol. II., No. 1.


August 2nd, 1913.

CONTENTS.

PAGE


Coloration of the Palate and Pharynx    ..    ..    1

Additions ... to my Reference List    ..    ..    6

Mattingleya in ornata (Ramsay) ..    ..    ..    11

New Genera and Species ..    ..    ..    ..    12

Some Interesting Birds in the Vienna Museum ..    14

THE COLORATION OF THE PALATE AND PHARYNX OF AUSTRALIAN BIRDS.

By J. Burton Cleland.

An examination of the mouth-cavities of Australian birds will reveal, in certain families and genera, a tendency to marked coloration. The chief departures from the ordinary flesh-colour of this part consist in black and grey tints (Acanthiza, Aphelocephala) and in yellow or orange (many Meliphagidce). In cases where the bill is highly or unusually coloured, the pigmentation may extend to the palate and even pharynx, as in Geopelia humeralis, Hcematopus fuliginosus, Myiagra rubecula and M. nitida, and Monarcha melanopsis.

The only Cuckoo examined, Cacomantis flabelliformis, has a vividly-coloured pharynx, varying from orange to pink. The Petroecas have yellowish throats, apparently a generic feature. In six species of Acanthiza, the pharynx is dark to black—again a generic point. An anomalous result, requiring confirmation, is seen in Pachycephala rufiventris, where, in the male, this part is.

A

A 8S3i bx H

whitish whilst in the female it is black. Aphelocephala leucopsis has always a black throat.

The most important findings are seen in the Melipha-gidce. This family may be divided into two groups, those having orange or yellow pharynxes and those having black. Three out of four species of Melithreptus have the former, nine out of ten species of Ptilotis, Anelldbia chrysoptera, and Acanthogenys rufigularis. Three species of Meliornis have black throats and also Ptilotis melanops. I am inclined to think that the genus Meliornis has been derived from Ptilotis through melanotic mutants, and that this genus is more closely allied to Ptilotis melanops than to the orange-throated species. A melanotic change in plumage, undoubtedly shown in Meliornis, might quite well be related to a melanotic pigmentation of the pharynx. In several other genera of the Meli-phagidce, pigmentation was not noticeable.

The following is the list of the birds examined for the colour of their pharynx :—

[M. stands for Mathews'sHandlist of the Birds of Australasia ” (The Emu, Vol. VII., 1907-8). Unpigmented conditions are described in the field-notes as whitish, flesh-coloured, etc.']

(M. 33) Geopelia humeralis : throat and tongue, bluish state.

(M. 75) Pelagodroma marina: flesh-coloured (2).

(M. 145) Heematopus fuliginosus : orange in front, more yellow behind.

(M. 181) Heteropygia aurita=acuminata : flesh-coloured. (M. 27) Hieracidea sp. : pale whitish-brown.

(M. 371) Euphema discolor : flesh-coloured.

(M. 386) Dacelo gigas : fleshy-white.

(M. 407) Cacomantis flabelliformis : rich flesh-pink, reddish-orange, orange.

(M. 430) Cheramoeca leucosternum : whitish-flesh (2).

(M. 438) Petroeca leggei : yellow.

(M. 440) Petroeca phoenicea : yellow, yellowish.

(M. 443) Petrceca rosea : slightly yellow.

(M. 444) Petreeca goodenovii: yellow, yellowish (young bird).

(M. 449) Smicrornis brevirostris : whitish ; pallid white, somewhat black behind.

(M. 478) Rhipidura diemenensis : flesh-coloured.

(M. 488) Myiagra rubecula : flesh-coloured (inside of bill lead-blue).

(M. 490) Myiagra nitida : inside of bill blue-grey, throat flesh-coloured.

(M. 501) Monarcha melanopsis: pale slatey-blue, darker behind.

(M. 504) Coracina robusta : white.

(M. 505) Coracina parvirostris : flesh-coloured.

(M. 516) Cinclosoma castanonotum : slight greenish tinge.

(M. 521) Drymaoedus brunneipygius : white.

(M. 525) Hylacola cauta : white.

(M. 531) Pomatostomus ruficeps (young bird, just able to fly) : gape white, throat orange-yellow.

(M. 545) Oreocichla macrorhyncha : yellowish (probably young bird).

(M. 557) Origma rubricata : whitish.

(M. 561) Acanthiza pusilla : blackish, dark grey, black.

(M. 565) Acanthiza diemenensis : black, bluish.

(M. 568) Acanthiza pyrrhopygia : blackish (2).

(M. 569) Acanthiza lineata : olive-brown, grey-black.

(M. 573) Acanthiza uropygialis: black (3), blackish, greyish-black (2), grey-black.

(M. 575) Acanthiza reguloides : dark.

(M. 592) Malurus cyaneus samueli : flesh-coloured.

(M. 610) Stipiturus malachurus : white.

(M. 646) Grallina picata : mouth and throat black, edges livid-white, bluish-grey except livid-white near edge.

(M. 650) Cracticus destructor : fleshy-brown.

(M. 662) Oreoica cristata : black.

(M. 674) Pachycephala rufiventris: whitish ($), black ((?), flesh-tinted and yellowish (probably young male).

(M. 683) Eopsaltria australis : orange-yellow.

(M. 689) Aphelocephala leucopsis : black (2), blackish.

(M. 694) Neositta chrysoptera : somewhat orange-tinted, very pale brownish-white.

(M. 697) Neositta pileata : fleshy-white.

(M. 704) Climacteris picumna: yellow, inside of bill greyish, throat fleshy-white (¿f), dark slate ((J), flesh-tinted and yellowish (<J).

(M. 705) Climacteris scandens : whitish.

(M. 706) Zosterops ccerulescens : whitish, fleshy, flesh-tinted, slightly yellow.

(M. 722) Dicceum Mrundmaceum : dark greyish.

(M. 726) Pardalotus punctatus: whitish.

(M. 733) Melithreptus atricapillus : orange, gape white, orange (2).

(M. 740) Melithreptus validirostris : fleshy-brown.

(M. 741) Melithreptus brevirostris : yellow, orange (4).

(M. 744) Melithreptus affinis : orange.

(M. 7-56) Glycyphila melanops : whitish, bright yellow-orange (nestling).

(M. 769) Ptilotis jusca : yellow, bright yellow (2).

(M. 770) Ptilotis chrysotis : light orange-yellow, yellowish.

(M. 772) Ptilotis sonora : yellowish tinge, orange, gape light yellow, throat orange-yellow.

(M. 775) Ptilotis chrysops : orange, part orange, slightly orange.

(M. 776) Ptilotis flavicollis : orange.

(M. 778) Ptilotis leucotis : orange (3), reddish-orange.

(M. 781) Ptilotis melanops : black (2), blackish.

I'M. 783) Ptilotis cratitia : pale orange.

(M. 787) Ptilotis plumula : yellowish-green, gape yellow.

(M. 791) Ptilotis penicillata : orange-yellow.

(M. 797) Meliornis pyrrhoptera: part greyish-black, tongue and throat blackish.

(M. 799) Meliornis novce-liollandice : black, edges (mouth yellow in growing bird), front part whitish, back black (4), tongue and throat black, tip quarter of tongue yellow, rest black, and throat bright yellow near mouth, deep black behind (nestling).

(M. 801) Meliornis sericea : black (2).

(M. 810) Anellobia chrysoptera : yellow.

(M. 812) Acanthogenys rufigularis : orange, yellowish.

(M. 819) Philemon citreigularis : whitish.

(M. 822) Anthus australis : gape and throat yellowish.

(M. 850) Oriolus sagittatus : whitish.

(M. 874) Corone australis : flesh-coloured.

(M. 878) Strepera versicolor: mouth in front bright canary-yellow, tongue and behind black.

(M. 882) Struthidea cinerea: whitish orange-brown, orange-brown.

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS TO MY REFERENCE LIST.

By Gregory M. Mathews.

81. Eulabeornis philippensis yorki, subsp. n. Northern Buff-banded Rail.

Differs from E. p. australis in its smaller size and in having the buff band on the chest much darker.

Type, Cape York.

Range, Cape York, North Queensland.

247b. Esacus magnirostris qtteenslandicus, subsp. n. Eastern Long-billed Stone-Plover.

Differs from E. m. neglecta in being darker above. Wing, 283 mm. ; culmen, 74 ; tarsus, 97.

Type, Mackay, Queensland.

Range, North Queensland.

313. Carbo fuscescens Vieillot, replaces Carbo gouldi.

In the Nouv. Diet d'Hist. Nat., Vol. VIII., p. 86, 1817, Vieillot described Hydrocorax fuscescens, writing:

“ On trouvé cet oiseau dans l’Australasiae.” The specimen was in immature plumage and Vieillot added :

“ Son plumage terne me fait soupçonner que ce n’est pas une espèce particulière ; mais je ne puis déterminer celle dont il fait partie, ne connoissant que son extérieur.” When Pucheran (Rev. Zool. 1850, p. 625) reviewed the Vieillotian types, he confirmed Vieillot’s doubt by concluding that it was simply the immature of P. varius Gmelin. But he added that it was collected by Péron and Lesueur and labelled “ Timor.” In the Cat. Birds : Brit. Mus., Vol. XXVI., H. fuscescens is therefore included in the synonymy of P. varius, a New Zealand bird. But the student of Australasian ornithology knows that Péron and Lesueur did not collect in New Zealand, and also that much of the material gathered by these workers was wrongly labelled in Paris, Australian specimens being credited to Timor and vice versa.

I therefore wrote to Paris, but as the authorities were unwilling to send the specimen to England on account of its age and the risk, I forwarded to M. Menegaux coloured drawings of the heads of the two Australian species, showing the differences in the bare parts of the face, which are the same in immature and adult. M. Menegaux carefully examined the specimen, and also sent me a drawing which leaves no doubt as to the identity of Vieillot’s species : and the above change becomes necessary. The nomenclature will be :—

Garbo fuscescens fuscescens Vieillot.

Carbo fuscescens tunneyi Mathews.

325. PlI.ETJION LEPTTJRUS DOROTHEA, Subsp. n.

Australian White-tailed Tropic-Bird.

Differs from P. 1. lepturus Daudin in having less black on the primaries, and in having a red bill.

Type, Queensland, Australia.

Range, East Australian seas. Extra limital.

On p. 189, Vol. I., of this Journal, I pointed out that Falco lunulatus Latham, 1801, was pre-occupied by Falco lunulatus Daudin, 1800. I there suggested that “ frontatus ” Gould was the next name to use. Since then my friend Dr. Charles Richmond has sent me the dates of publication of Swainson’s works, and I find that Swainson’s Animals in Menageries came out in January 1st, 1838, while Gould’s Synopsis of the Birds of Australia, part m., was not published till April, 1838.

This necessitates the following changes :—

368.    Falco loxgtpknnxs longipennis Swainson,

replaces

Falco lunulatus lunulatus Latham, and a synonym of this is Falco melanotus White and Mellor, Emu, Vol. XII., p. 164, 1913 ; Flinders Island.

369.    Falco longipennis hurchisoniancs Mathews,

replaces

Falco lunulatus murchisonianus.

369a. Falco longipennis apsleyi Mathews, replaces

Falco lunulatus apsleyi.

On p. 251, No. 365,

Falco peregrinus macroptjs Swainson, replaces

Falco peregrinus melanogenys Gould, for the same reason as above.

528a. Calamanthus campestris macgillivrayi, subsp. n. Long-billed Field-Wren.

Differs from C. c. isabettinus in having a longer bill, and in having the head much redder, and the ear-coverts red. Type, Wyurra, Broken Hill, New South Wales. Range, New South Wales (Inland).

582. Add as synonym—

? Cacomantis lineatus Dodd, Emu, Vol. XII., p. 165, 1913 ; North Queensland.

624. Microeca fascinans howei, subsp. n.

Allied Brown Flycatcher.

Differs from M. f. fascinans in having the outer tail-feathers white only on the outer web except at the base, and the inner web with a large spot of white on the point; the next feather with a large white spot on the point. In M. f. fascinans those two feathers are white. Type, Kow Plains, Victoria; September 6th, 1911. Range, Victoria (Mallee).

709a. Pachwcepiiala australis coomooboolaroo. Lesser Yellow Shrike-Robin.

Eopsaltria coomooboolaroo Campbell, Emu, Vol. XII., p. 191, 1913; Queensland.

Range, Mid-Queensland.

862b. Megalurus gramineus flindersi.

Flinders Island Grass-Bird.

Megalurus flindersi White and Mellor, Emu, Vol. XII., p. 164, 1913; Flinders Island.

Range, Flinders Island.

873a. Acanthiza nana pygmea.

Fairy Tit.

Acanthiza pygmea Milligan, Emu, Vol. XII., p. 167. 1913 ; Mallee, Victoria.

Range, Victoria (Mallee).

908a. Acanthiza rosin^e, sp. n.

Allied Buff-rumped Tit.

The type of Mr. North’s Geobasileus australis, collected at Woodside, South Australia, by Mr. Edwin Ashby, is now before me. The above new species was collected by Captain S. A. White, about twenty miles north of Adelaide. It differs from A. r. australis North, in being much darker above, having no rufous on the fore-head, and in having a very narrow buff rump ; the throat has the feathers white, fringed with brown ; rest of undersurface brown, lighter down the middle of the belly.

Type, collected twenty miles north of Adelaide, South Australia.

Range, South Australia.

933a. Sericornis httmelis plindersi.

Flinders Island Scrub-Wren.

Sericornis flindersi White and Mellor, Emu, Vol. XII., p. 165, 1913; Flinders Island.

Range, Flinders Island.

983a. Diaphorillas textilis ivierrotsyi. Chestnut-mantled Grass-Wren.

Amytornis merrotsyi Mellor, Emu, Vol. XII., p. 166, 1913 ; Lake Torrens, South Australia.

Range, South Australia (Inland).

985a. Diaphorillas striata rcpa.

Rufous Grass-Wren.

Amytornis rufa Campbell and Kershaw, Emu, Vol. XII., p. 274, 1913 ; Northern Territory.

Range, Northern Territory (Inland).

964a. Malurus coronatus macgillivrayi, subsp. n. Mauve-crowned Wren.

Differs from M. c. coronatus in having a bluish-mauve

crown to its head, not pinkish-mauve, and the black collar on the nape only indicated.

Type, Augustus Downs, Leichhardt River, Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland.

Range, Mid-Queensland (Inland).

1011. CoLLURICINCLA BRUNNEA CALOOLA, Subsp. n. Pale-brown Shrike-Thrush.

Differs from C. b. brunnea in being much paler above; paler than C. b. parryi. Wing 129 mm.

Type, Caloola, Leichhardt River, Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland; June 12th, 1910.

Range, Mid-Queensland (Inland).

1127a. Pardalotus rubrtcatus yorki, subsp. n.

Cape York Red-browed Pardalote.

Differs from P. r. rubricatus in having a more greenish-yellow rump, and the outer edges of the secondaries orange. Type, Cape York, a; May 11th, 1912.

Range, North Queensland (Cape York).

1127b. Pardalotus rubricatus leichhardti, subsp. n. Allied Red-browed Pardalote.

Differs from P. r. yorki in being much lighter above. Type, Leichhardt River, Queensland,^; July 3rd, 1910. Range, Mid-Queensland (Inland).

1244a. Ptilotis ornata wesleydalei.

Inland Yellow-plumed Honey-eater.

Ptilotis ornata wesleydalei Mathews, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, Vol. XXXI., p. 68, 1913; Broome Hill, South-west Australia.

Range, South-west Australia (Inland).

1246a. Ptilotis ornata underbooli.

Mallee Yellow-plumed Honey-eater.

Ptilotis ornata underbooli Mathews, Bull. Brit. Orn, Club, Vol. XXXI., p. 68, 1913; Underbool, Victoria. Range, Mallee Country of South Australia and Victoria.

MATTINGLEYA INORNATA (RAMSAY).

Dr. William Macgillivray of Broken Hill, sent me over some birds collected at Cape York. Amongst them he included a “ Robin ” that he could not name. It turned out to be “ Pachycephala peninsulce ” Hartert. I wrote to Dr. Macgillivray to this effect, and he replied that he had since sent examples to Mr. North, who said it was “ Eopsaltria inornata ” of Ramsay (Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1874, p. 604), Rockingham Bay, Queensland.

Dr. Macgillivray says it certainly is not a Pachycephala in its habits ; it as surely is not an Eopsaltria.

In the Austral Avian Record, Vol. I., p. Ill, I introduced a new genus for it.

As this bird has been a stumbling-block to many, I take this opportunity of giving the nomenclature :—

Mattingleya griseiceps inornata. Grey Thickhead.

Eopsaltria ? inornata Ramsay, Proc. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1874, p. 604 ; Rockingham Bay, Queensland.

Synonym :

Pachycephala enidce Mathews, Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIII., p. 317, 1912 ; Rockingham Bay, Queensland.

Mattingleya griseiceps peninsulje. Northern Grey-Thickhead.

Pachycephala peninsula! Hartert, Bull. Brit. Ornith. Club, Vol. VIII., ]». xxxiii., 1899 ; Cape York, North Queensland.

Gregory M. Mathews.

NEW GENERA AND SPECIES.

Austrotis, gen. nov.

Differs from Choriotis (type C. arabs) in its shorter, broader bill; probably we have here a case of convergence, as the nostrils in Choriotis are placed at some distance from the base of the culmen, while in Austrotis they are very near the base ; the tarsus is more than three times the length of the middle toe in Choriotis, whereas in Austrotis it is less ; the wing-formulae in the two genera are different; in Choriotis the third, fourth, and fifth primaries are sub-equal and longest; the fifth primary in Austrotis is longest, the sixth being equal to the fourth and longer than the third.

Type, Otis australis Gray.

Neonectris, gen. nov.

Differs from Thyellodroma (type Puffinus chlororhynchus) in its rounded tail, which is less than one-third the length of the wing ; in Thyellodroma the tail is wedged-shaped, and is about half the length of the wing ; the culmen is less than three-fourths the length of the metatarsus in Neonectris, whereas in Thyellodroma it is more ; the bill is slender and puffinoid and unlike that of “ Puffinus ” carneipes Gould.

Type, Puffinus brevicaudus Gould.

Kempiella, gen. nov.

Differs from Tregellasia Mathews in having the rictal bristles much less developed, very small legs and feet, and in having the first primary smaller in proportion, that is less than half the length of the second. In Tregellasia the first primary is longer than half the second.

Type, K. kempi Mathews.

685a. Kempiella kempi, sp. n.

Yellow-breasted Robin.

General colour above green, including the wing-coverts and rump ; head grey ; primaries greyish-brown, on the outer edge a line of green ; tail-feathers like the primaries ; throat white, remainder of under-surface yellow, like the under wing-coverts ; upper mandible black, lower yellow ; iris black ; feet yellow. Total length 120 mm. ; culinen 10 (7 wide), wing 69, tarsus 14, tail 54.

Type and Range, Cape York, North Queensland.

Collected by Mr. Robin Kemp on February 28th, 1913.

This is a most interesting addition to the Australian avifauna. Its nearest allies seem to be the forms Eopsaltria capito Gould and E. nana Ramsay. These forms have been bandied about, at one time placed in Eopsaltria and classed in the family Laniidce, at another in Pcecilodryas and referred to the Muscicapidce. In the “ Reference List ” I lumped both the genera named with Pachycephala, and included all in the latter family. I later separated the members of the genus Pachycephala (sensw lat.) into restricted genera, and was compelled to introduce Tregellasia for the species named. They were very aberrant and of restricted locale. The present species gives us a nearer ally than hitherto known, but its weak legs and feet amply distinguish it. In the British Museum collection is a specimen from British New Guinea which has been wrongly identified, so that we have the fact that the present species also occurs in that country. Whether Tregellasia is the offshoot of Kempiella or vice versa is at present indeterminable, but further collections will help to solve the question, and also determine the relationship of both.

Gregory M. Mathews.

ON SOME INTERESTING BIRDS IN THE VIENNA MUSEUM.

By Tom Iredale.

Recently passing through Vienna, I took the opportunity of examining some New Zealand birds, and also made notes on two or three others of interest in connexion with that avifauna.

In the Annal k. k. naturhist Hofniuseum Wien, VoL XVII., 1902, pp. 301-322, Lorenz contributed a paper entitled “ Zur Ornis Neuseelands,” which was based on a collection obtained from Reischek. To all students of New Zealand ornithology" the name of Reischek is familiar, and he stands alone as the most assiduous and painstaking collector and observer that has ever worked in New Zealand. It was abvious then that some good results would be obtained from a careful study of Reischek’s collection, and Lorenz’s notes on the New Zealand Pseudogerygone, Anthus, and Nestor are exceedingly valuable, and his paper is one of the most estimable contributions yet made to New Zealand ornithology". Unfortunately, Lorenz only dealt with the Passeriformes, Picarian birds, Psittaciformes, Accipitri-formes, Strigiformes, and Columbiformes, the remainder of the collection being left unworked.

When Mathews and I drew up the “ Reference List to the Birds of New Zealand ” (Ibis, 1913, pp. 201-263), we made full use of Lorenz’s notes, and often deplored the fact that the Orders in which we were most interested had been left untouched. At that time I had no idea that an opportunity of examining Rieschek’s birds should so soon present itself, and it is somewhat unfortunate that these notes must be presented as a supplement instead of being incorporated in that “ Reference List.”

The Reischek collection is noteworthy in that immature and nestlings are well represented.

Gallieallus hectori (Hutton).

In the Ibis, 1913, p. 213, Mathews and I showed that the name Iiallus australis Sparrman had been misapplied, and concluded : “ The common South Island Wood-Hen must for the present bear the name O. hectori, which was proposed by Hutton for an Alpine form which longer series may show worthy of separation.'’ This opinion has been confirmed by examination of the series collected by Reischek: a fine lot from Canterbury are quite constant and can obviously not be confused with typical G. hectori (Hutton) of which the original description reads : “It general hue is isabella brown or fawn coloured with the primary feathers rounded,” contrasting it with the lowland bird which Hutton called “ troglodytes.”

For the lowland bird, which differs in its darker coloration and smaller size and which has been well described and figured in Buffer’s Birds of New Zealand, 1873, p. 170, under the name “ Ocydromus australis,” I propose the name “ Gallirallus hectori reischeki,” subsp n.: Type in coll. G. M. Mathews.

Porphykio albus (White).

Tn the Birds of Australia, Vol. I., 1911, pp. 247-255, Mathews has so fully discussed this bird that nothing further appears to be necessary. The beautiful figures there given would seem to be sufficient to satisfy any student, and I entirely agree with the results put forward by Mathews. The only point where criticism might be directed is that Mathews did not personally examine the Vienna Museum unique specimen.

Yet in the Official Checklist of the Birds of Australia (Emu, Vol. XII., Supplement 1913) an “Appendix B” is included, pp. 107-108, giving a “ List of Birds peculiar to Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands,” and therein is included “ Notornis alba White,” though Mathews had clearly shown that this bird wras referable to Porphyrio. Mathews v'as dependent on photos of the Vienna bird, but these were very clear and conclusive. The action

of the Checklist Committee is therefore incomprehensible, and though on page 4 a footnote reads : “ Mr. Basset Hull was deputed to prepare a ‘ List of Birds Peculiar to Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands,’ which list appears as Appendix B to this Checklist,” I can scarcely believe that he is responsible for this strange manner of dealing with accurate and painstaking work. In the same List and place, “ Ocydromus sylvestris Sclater ” is used for the “ Rufous-winged Moor-Hen ” of Lord Howe Island. The same remarks apply here, as Mathews in the Birds of Austraha (Vol. I., 1911, p. 191, note) had pointed out that this species would better be placed in Tricholimnas Sharpe, and had no relationship with Gallirallus ( =Ocydromus) : I had previously shown that Ocydromus was untenable (Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIII., 1911, p. 22), being preoccupied. In view of these citations, which are only characteristic of the blunders which disfigure the pages of the Official Checklist, the opening sentence,

“ it becomes necessary to publish an acceptable . . . Checklist,” reads very like sarcasm.

This note is simply to record the fact that I have . carefully examined the unique type of Fúlica alba White, and it is unquestionably referable to Porphyrio, and has not the least resemblance to the New Zealand bird known formerly as “ Notornis manlelli” but which should be called Mantellornis hochstetteri Meyer. I have carefully and many times examined the two specimens of this latter bird preserved in the British Museum, and also the specimen in the Otago Museum, Dunedin, New Zealand, so may claim a fair acquaintance with this species. With regard to the generic position of the Lord Howe Islands Woodhen, “ Ocydromus sylvestris Sclater,” it may be as well to add that I have criticised the specimens here, and again I must endorse Mathews’s generic location. It has certainly no relationship with the New Zealand Gallirallus, and in this conclusion every ornithologist to whom I have shown the specimens fully agrees.

Eudypttjla minor (Forster).

In the Ibis 1913, pp. 222-3, Mathews and I recognised three subspecies as occurring in New Zealand, viz. E. minor minor (Forster), Both Islands ; E. m. albosignata Finsch, South Island (Banks Peninsula, breeding) ; and E. m. iredalei Mathews, Chatham Islands.

This conclusion was based upon the results obtained by Mathews, as set forth in the Birds of Australia, Vol. I., 1911, pp. 281-286, where my own experience was embodied.

In the Vienna Museum is a fine series of E. minor, jollected at various places both in the North and South Islands, and they clearly show that the undina recognised by Reischek is merely a stage in the progress of the species from infancy to maturity. From the fact that E. minor ranges practically unchanged through both islands, while E. albosignata is so well differentiated by means of its peculiar pale slate-blue coloration, I would now recognise the latter as specifically distinct. This -eems the more reasonable course in view of the very dose relationship that the Australian breeding forms bear to the typical E. minor. The fully-adult Australian specimens I have examined, have the bill longer than in the New Zealand forms. The very short, thick bill of E. m. iredalei Mathews from the Chatham Islands seems to be quite constant.

The names, therefore to be used would be—

E. minor minor (Forster). Both Islands (breeding).

E. minor iredalei Mathews. Chatham Islands

(breeding).

E. albosignata Finsch.    Banks Peninsula, South

Island (breeding).

Reinholdia keinholdi (Mathews).

In the Vienna Museum, specimens of this species are labelled Puffinus obscurus and P. gavia, and most interjesting are specimens of the young in all stages.

In the Birds of Australia, Vol. II., 1912, pp. 53-74,

B

Mathews showed that the name P. gavia Forster, had been misapplied, and gave to the New Zealand bird, commonly called P. gavia, the new name P. reinholdi, and differentiated two subspecies ; later in this periodical he introduced for this species the generic name Reinholdia.

In the Ibis, 1913, p. 225, Mathews and I accepted that generic name, and noted that Buller had confused some other species with this, and also that Reischek’s and Sandager’s accounts, presumably of the same species, did not agree.

The examination of Reischek’s specimens proved interesting. Firstly, they undoubtedly belong to the present species and were collected on Hauturu Island; secondly, Mathews (l.c., p. 74) quotes Buffer’s description of the nestling, and this seems to show the accuracy of our remarks regarding Buffer’s knowledge of the New Zealand Petrels, for it disagrees absolutely with the nestlings I examined, and which are unquestionably the present species : these are wholly brownish-black and have not the whitish under-surface seen in the nestling of P. assimilis ; thirdly, the introduction of the generic Reinholdia is confirmed by examination of the bill-characters shown by the nestling.

Mathews, in the Birds of Australia, Vol. II., 1912, p. 130, has given beautiful figures of the biffs of downy young of the genera Plerodroma and Puffinus, showing the great difference there exists in the bill-characters at this stage. It was therefore great pleasure to find these downy specimens of this aberrant Puffinus, as none were previously available.

The bill is “ puffinoid ” in character, as exemplified in the figures given by Mathews above noted, but is peculiar in its extreme length and weak nail; in the fully downy nestling the exposed culmen measures 30 mm., while in the fully adult it only measures 35 mm., the difference may be best expressed by comparison with the young of P. assimilis gavia, where the biff in the fully-downy nestling only measures 16 mm., against

that in the adult of 27 ; the nail in the downy nestling is just one-third the length of the culmen, whereas in P. a. gavia it is about one half, a difference in proportion which constitutes a great distinction in this group.

Puffinus assimilis gavia (Forster).

T was perplexed to see the breeding-dates of this bird on Hauturu Island. On Norfolk Island, the Kermadecs, and also West Australia, the species breeds in the winter months (July, etc.), yet here the paired adults were collected in November, and the downy nestling just hatched in January. Reischek had recorded this fact, and the dated specimens prove it.

The series also averaged larger, than Kermadec birds, with a longer metatarsus, and also showed the blue upper portion of the lores mentioned by Mathews (l.c., p. 62).

Puffings carnf.ipes carbonarius Mathews.

In the Birds of Australia, Vol. II., p. 89 et seq., 1912, Mathews has separated the Norfolk Island form of this species as P. c. hullianus, and reprinted the description prepared by Solander of a New Zealand killed specimen.

A fine series was collected by Reischek on Karewa Island, and quaintly labelled “ Puffinus tenuirostris.” I write “ quaintly,” as this species has a heavy bill, as will hereafter be noted.

The measurements read—

$ cul. 44-45, wing 310-321, metatarsus 53-54.

2 „ 41-43,    „    320-322    „    50.5-52.

These read somewhat peculiarly as they point to the males having a longer bill and longer tarsus, though exactly the same wing-length, as females.

This species has been commonly and consistently placed in Puffinus, though we read in Mathew’s account that Solander noted “ media inter Nectres & Procellarias,” where Nectris was used for the thin-billed Puffinus.

The juveniles collected by Reischek show that we have another instance similar to that of Pterodroma and

b 2

Puffinus (sensu lat.), which Mathews has shown to be so different in bill-characters when nestlings, yet so similar when adult.

The bill, retaining the egg-tooth, recalls that of Procellaria parkinsoni Gray, hereafter described. It is short, wide at base and deep ; the laterals of the undermandible are strongly defined, and the nail is very heavy and distinct ; the nostrils are distinct on each side of the culmen, but point upwards with a somewhat rounded aperture. It is puffinoid in character, but cannot be classed with any other species 1 know of. I therefore propose the new generic name HEMIPUF-FINUS for Puffinus carneipes Gould.

Puffinus brevicaudus Brandt.

In the Birds of Australia, Vol. II., 1912, p. 100, footnote, Mathews wrote : “ Although P. brevicaudus is generally quoted as Brandt (Ic. Ross. Av., t. 6, f. 17) no trace can be found by me of the publication of such name. The earliest mention I can find of it in literature is by Gould, in the Birds of Australia, Vol. VII., pi. 56, 1847, when he used it to displace his own P. brevicaudus, introduced in 1844, but with no description.

My own researches gave the same results, so that I was delighted to see in the Museum a specimen labelled “ Puffinus brevicaudus Brandt,” which had been procured from Brandt himself.

On the stand were two labels, the first reading—■

“ III. 1840. 10. Puffinus brevicaudus Brandt. Von

Brandt in Hamburg gkft. 6 f. Nova Hollandia ” the second having—

“ J. G. W. Brandt, Puffinus brevicaudus, New

Holl. Hamburg.”

These labels were fully explained to me by Dr. SassL I The first No. (III.) refers to the numbered invoice, still retained in the Museum, of all purchases, the second (1846) refers to the year, and the third (10) to the numbei

of the bird on the invoice. The invoice was kindly shown me by Dr. Sassi, where the bird was numbered 10 and called Puffinus brevicaudus by Brandt.

The second label has the name printed at the top and the place printed at the bottom, and the words “ Puffinus brevicaudus New Holl.” written in by Brandt himself. This long explanation seems necessary, as this is the first authentic specimen of Brandt’s P. brevicaudus I have seen, and it is of great historical interest as the specimen is not referable to the species Goidd called brevicaudus. It is, of course, stuffed, and the measurements I give are only approximately correct, but they show it to be much closer to P. pacifiais. It has a long bill, long wings, and long wedge-shaped tail ; the exposed culmen measures approximately 45 mm., wing 320 mm., and tail 135 mm. These agree very close with those of typical P. p. pacifiais, but the bill shows homy, not lead-blue. This may be due to drying, as I have noted the bills sometimes show much difference in life and in dried skins.

This tends to show that either Brandt did not know his own species—as brevicaudus is inapplicable to this | specimen—or else Brandt’s brevicaudus was quite different to Gould's brevicaudus. The latter view might be correct, as Brandt also sold a specimen of Gould’s brevicaudus to the Vienna Museum under the name “ Puffinus tenuirostris, ex Austr.”

Procellaria æquinoctialis Linné, and Procellaria conspicillata Gould.

In the Birds of Australia, Vol. II., 1912, pp. 108-115, Mathews made the first scientific attempt to deal with the forms lumped by previous workers under the name P. œquinoctialis.

In view of the fact that P. conspicillata had been absolutely lumped by most writers, he only admitted it as subspecifically distinct, though recording no intergradation. He observed that though often “ seen in

the South Atlantic, no specimens from that locality had been examined bv him.”

In the Vienna Museum I noted a strange conspicillated Petrel, and upon examination the following data was found attached—

“ B. 32° 42' Long. 12° 1' Atlantic Ocean, coll, by Zelebor Novara Exped ” and was named

F. conspicillatus.”

Upon reference to the Reise Novara Vogel, p. 143, 1863, the data is given as: “Atlantischer Ocean, zwischen Süd-Amerika und dem Cap. Männchen (131) am 11, September, 1857, unter 31° 40' s. B. und 12° 41' w. L.”

This specimen differs from the Australian-killed specimens which agree with Mathews’s figure (l.c,), in that the broad band across the top of head only comes I in front of the top of the eye and does not coalesce with the band which runs from the chin-spot to the back of the head under the eye. This lower band is also disconnected from the chin-spot. The bird was also smaller and browner than P. cequinoctialis, and my examination of all the specimens available leads me to the following conclusions :—

Two species have been confused under the specific Procellaria cequinoctialis, the spectacled form being a distinct species.

The conspicillate birds, in addition to the spectacling. are smaller and browner, and when carefully criticised, small but constant differences in the bill are seen to exist. Though the bill in P. conspicillata is absolutely shorter, the nasal tubes are proportionately longer; they are also shallower and more distinctly separated from the laterals, and also from the feathering of the fore-head by apparently dry skin ; the laterals of the upper-mandible are also less inflated. It is pleasing to note that although Mathews lays no stress on these characters, the artist in the figures on pp. 111-112 has

faithfully shown the longer nasal tubes and the intervening space. I also noted that the nail seemed weaker, and this also the artist lias portrayed.

The form “ conspicillata ” I would therefore recognise as a distinct species, and until further specimens of the Atlantic bird are received, would recognise that as subspecifically distinct under Lesson’s name of larvata.

The names to be used would read :—

Procellaria œquinoctialis œquinoctialis Linné ;

Far South Atlantic (? breeding at the Falkland Islands).

P. a. mixta Mathews ;

Cape seas (? breeding at the Crozets and Kerguelen Island).

P. a. steadi Mathews ;

New Zealand seas (breeding on Antipodes Island and the Auckland Islands).

P. a. brabournei Mathews ;

West Coast of South America (breeding-place unknown).

Procellaria conspicillata conspicillata Gould ;

Australian seas (breeding-place unknown).

P. c. larvata Lesson ;

South Atlantic (breeding-place unknown).

In the Echo du Monde Savant, 12th year, No. 41, col. 971, June 1st, 1845, Lesson described a conspicillate bird from “ les mers du Cap de Bonné Espérance,” and of course this name claims acceptance, though, as far as I am aware, it has not hitherto been correctly given.

It is a somewhat interesting point to note that the breeding-place of this bird is unknown, while some halfdozen breeding places of P. œquinoctialis are on record.

Procellaria parkinsoni Gray.

When Mathews, in the Birds of Australia, Vol. IV., 1912, p. 130, gave figures of the juvenile bill-characters

of the species of Pterodroma and Puffinus, he noted how, through neglect of these features, these appeared to have been wrongly classed in previous monographs. He was unable to examine juveniles of the species of Procellaria, but concluded “ that it is probable Procellaria should be associated with Puffinus.”

Being much interested in the study of nestling-Petrels. I was delighted to see a fine series of the present species, including downy nestlings. The bill-characters justify Mathews's remarks and clearly prove his acumen in dealing with this difficult group.

The bill, still retaining the egg-tooth, is much more solid and shorter than in typical Puffinus, though of that character ; the nasal tubes lie on each side of the culmen-ridge, but are more developed and horny, well differentiated from the other lateral bill-mass, and the openings are much more vertical than in the genus Puffinus. The nail is also very heavy, and thus strongly characterises the bill when compared with Puffinus.

There can be no doubt whatever that the affinity of the genus Procellaria, accepting the present species as typical, is with the genus Puffinus (sensu lat.).

Pterodroma macroptera gouldi (Hutton).

A series of seven specimens from Mototiri Island attracted attention as they all had grey faces, the character assigned to this race by Hutton.

Pterodroma mollis Gould.

It is worthy of record that “ mollis,” as identified by Reischek, is P. lessoni lemocephala Forster, two specimens being in the collection, the data given being—

“(J May, 1885, Kaipara, North Island.

$ February, 1888, Antipodes Island.”

Prionitic Petrels.

Mathews, in the Birds of Australia, Vol. II., 1912, attempted a scientific treatment of these birds, his

results being set forth in pp. 194-231. In view of my note under “ Porphyrio albus (White) ” (ante), it is not surprising, though very disappointing, to find his work entirely ignored by the makers of the “ Official Checklist of the Birds of Australia.”

HalobjENa c.ertjlea (Gmelin).

Mathews (Z.c., p. 194) noted: ‘'The general facies recalls Pterodroma.” This usage of “Pterodroma" was to cover the species classed under “ JEstrelata, ” by Godman following Salvin, but more correctly it should be written :    “ The general facies recalls Cookilaria.”

This species is represented by one specimen in the Reischek collection with the data “$ Nov., 1882, Hauturu Island, North New Zealand.” This bird was placed next to a series of Cookilaria cooki Gray, and the head and bill were so like those of that species that the affinity of the genus may be with that in preference to the Prions, which it closely resembles in the coloration of the back and wings only.

Examination of the bills of nestlings may quickly solve the question of the exact relationship, as the nestling-prionitic bill is well differentiated from that of the nestling Cookilaria.

Pachyptila vittata vittata (Gmelin).

In the Birds of Australia, Vol. II., 1912, p. 199, Mathews used Prion Lacepede, restricting it to this species. On the eve of publication of the first part of our “ Reference List of the Birds of New Zealand ” (Ibis, 1913), I turned up a note I had made some three years ago, questioning the availability of that genus name. Upon consultation, Mathews agreed and we rejected it as indeterminable, a bare note being given stating this fact, and using Pachyptila Illiger. I take the present opportunity of detailing the facts that led to that conclusion.

Lacepede, in the Tableau Oiseaux, p. 14, 1799, diagnosed

DCARtN UNIVERSITY U»RA*Y

the genus Prion thus : “ Un ongle tenant lieu du pouce de chaque pied.” It was placed in his Vingt troisième ordre—characterised only as having the “ bec dentelé,” and comprising Anas, Mergus, and Prion alone—and contrasted with the Vingt deuxième ordre with the “ Bec crochu,” which covered the genera Phœnicopterus, Diomedea, Pelecanoides, and Procellaria. I think no one will hesitate in agreeing that the diagnosis of Prion here quoted, makes that name quite indeterminable, and I would not consider that many of the generic names quoted as Lacepede ex the Tableaux Oiseaux could be determined by means of the diagnoses there given. Mathews, in the Auk, 1913, pp. 92-5, has already indicated the same conclusion arrived at in investigating the generic name Ibis Lacepède. He there showed, however, that species were attached to these Lacepèdean genera by Daudin in an edition of Buffon, and consequently Ibis was available from that reference which dates from 1802, or only three years later than the original Lacepèdean introduction.

Now, in the case of Prion, a complication arises, which completely alters the case. No species referable to the genus occurs in Buffon’s Hist. Nat., and as a consequence no species were allotted to the name by Daudin. Furthermore, Daudin does not even mention this name when reprinting Lacepède’s Tableau-names.

Illiger, in his Prodromus, issued in 1811, mentions most of the names proposed and utilised by Lacepède in his synonymy, but on p. 274 he introduced Pachyptila for the species Procellaria ccerulea and vittata Gmelin, and does not mention Prion in any way, apparently quite ignorant of its position.

Illiger’s name was consistently used until 1828, when Lesson, in the Manuel d'Orn., Vol. II., p. 399, used “Prion Lacèp.,” quoting as a synonym “Pachyptila

111.,” and gave a good description of the genus, writing: “ Le type de ce genre est le Petrel bleu, Procellaria ccerulea et vittata de Gmelin.”

This was taken up by Gray in 1840, but as far as I can trace, the only ground for such acceptance is Lesson’s usage, and Prion as a valid generic name must date from 1828. Consequently it is antedated by Pachyptila Illiger 1811, and Illiger’s name must be used.

Of this species Reischek collected a good series, which showed no features of interest.

Pseudoprion turtur.

Under the name “P. turtur ” was a most interesting specimen labelled “<J, Taranga I., North New Zealand, April, 1883.” With it was another bird labelled $ and similar data, and it would have been interesting to know if these came from the same colony.

The first mentioned is typically a Heteroprion, and only subspecifically different from Mathews’s 11. belcheri (Birds Austr., Vol. II., p. 224, 1912). My measurements read : Culmen (exp.) 26.5 mm. long, 9 mm. wide at base ; wing 184 mm ; metatarsus 31 mm.; middle toe without claw 31 mm.

In coloration it agreed with members of the H. desolatus group in its dark head, small amount of black to tip of tail, darker rump, and no blue wash on under-surface ; while the one marked $ was a typical Pseudoprion turtur in bill-characters and in coloration, having the head no darker than the uniformly pale back and rump, a large amount of black tipping to the tail, and a noticeable blue wash on sides of body. The bill of the Heteroprion was adult in colour, and much longer and also narrower than that of immature specimens of H. desolatus which were at hand for comparison.

Reischek also collected specimens of Pseudoprion turtur on the Bounty Islands, and these were immediately recognisable on account of their extraordinary bills, and absolutely typical of the form Mathews has named Pseudoprion turtur crassirostris (Birds Austr., Vol. II., p. 221, 1912).

Pelecanoides urinatrix (Gmelin).

Ill the preceding note under Pachyptila vittata vittata I have given the reasons why Mathews and I have rejected Prion Lacepède as indeterminable. As in the same place we retained Pelecanoides Lacepède, a further explanation seems necessary.

As there noted, the Lacepèdean generic names in the Tableaux Oiseaux are accompanied by brief diagnoses only ; in the case of Pelecanoides the generic name is placed between Diomedea and Procellaria, and the definition reads ; “ Une poche sous la gorge ; chaque pied ne présentant que trois doigts.”

We decided that, as this description can be applied to no other bird, the name can still be employed.

It may be as well to record, however, that the two authors noticed under Pachyptila vittata as dealing with “ P. vittata et cœrulea Gm.” viz. Illiger and Lesson, both regarded Lacepède’s name, Pelecanoides, as indeterminate, and each suggested a new generic name for the group, Illiger (p. 274) proposing Haladroma for Pelecanoides Lacepède ?, and Lesson (p. 392) introducing Puffi-nuria for Pelecanoides Lacepède and Haladroma Illiger, explaining : “Ce qui nous a porté à changer le nom générique de la seule espèce connue qui sert de type à ce genre est l’incertitude ou nous sommes que ce sort réellement le genre pelecanoides de M. Lacépède, ou haladroma d'Illiger.”

Lesson’s doubt was justified as he was handling a different bird from Lacepède and Illiger, as Mathews has shown (Birds Austr., Vol. IL, p. 232, 1912).

In the same place (p. 238) Mathews concluded that the specimens from New Zealand represented more than one subspecies, but the specimens available did not permit their definition, and in the Ibis (1913, p. 238), he and I again noted this fact.

In the Reischek collection there are specimens from the North Island and from the Snares, and these bore different names, in Reischek’s handwriting, as they were so different, the former being called P. urinatrix, the latter P. exsill.

It should be again noted that Buffer, in the Supplement. Vol. I., p. 127, used P. exsul for the larger form from Stephens Island and the Island of Karewa, while he considered the smaller form to be P. urinatrix, writing : “ It occurs on the coasts of both Islands, and also at the Chatham Islands and on the Snares.” The type-locality however of P. urinatrix is Queen Charlotte Sound, which is quite close to Stephens Island.

Diomedea exulans Reischek.

Reischek visited the Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand for the purpose of studying the plumage-changes of the Albatros, commonly known as Diomedea. exulans. He contributed a paper to the Transactions of the New Zealand Institute (Vol. XXI.), covering the results of his research. Having just recently carefully worked through this group in conjunction with Mr. Mathews, in the preparation of our “ Reference List of the Birds of New Zealand,” I was fairly conversant with the distinguishing characters of the species. The short time at my disposal prohibited as exhaustive an examination as I would have liked, but it is. as well to record that Reischek’s observations on the plumages are comparatively valueless. The specimens collected bjReischek, covering his notes above quoted, are retained in Vienna with his remarks as to age upon the back of the labels.

These specimens include skins of D. exulans rothschildi Mathews, and D. epomophora Lesson, both the Campbell Island and Auckland Islands breeding forms of the latter being represented. This latter point is important. Specimens from the Auckland Islands agree in every detail with the distinctive features given by Mathews (Birds Austr., Vol. II., p. 261, 1912) for his D. epomophora mccormicki. These were labelled “D. exulans, 4th year,” while D. e. epomophora Lesson from Campbell Island

were labelled “D. exulans, 5th year,’ and exceptionally fine D. exulans rothschildi Mathews, though freely vermi-culated on the upper-back, were also considered “ 5th year.”

PROCELSTERNA CÆRULEA CINEREA (Gould).

An unrecorded occurrence for the mainland of New Zealand (the second) would be the bird with the data : “ Anous cinereus, May, 1883, <$, Waipu, North New Zealand.”

Anous stolidus (Linné).

Through a misreading, Buller included this species in the Supplement, Vol. I., p. 162. In the Emu, Vol. X., 1910, p. 10, I pointed this out, and in the Reference List we noted this while rejecting it.

In the Reischek collection is included a skin labelled “ Sterna - 1885 o' Ostk. Nord New Zealand.” This is a rough skin which has been pulled off by some one and procured afterwards by Reischek, who has not re-prepared it.

There seems to be no reason to doubt this record, and consequently Anous stolidus (Linné) can be admitted as having once occurred in New Zealand. The specimen is in immature-plumage, so that I could not decide whether it was referable to A. stolidus gilberti Mathews (Birds Austr., Vol. II., p. 405, 1912) or to A. s. unicolor Nordmann.

Gygis alba royana Mathews.

Hitherto unrecorded from the mainland, Reischek's collection contains two birds labelled : “ III. 1883. Waipu, Nord New Zealand.” They are sexed and $.

Ccenocorypha aucklandica (Gray).

In our “ Reference List of the Birds of New Zealand (Ibis, 1913, p. 261), Mathews and I used the genus-name Ccenocorypha for the New Zealand “ Snipes,” and admitted four subspecies, accepting Rothschild's tristrami

from the Antipodes Island as recognizable, though it had been lapsed by its author.

In the Reischek collection, specimens were contained from the Auckland Islands and from Antipodes Island, and the latter were at sight different in their darker coloration, both above and below. In this respect they agree with specimens from Antipodes Island in the British Museum, received since the Catalogue of the Birds of the British Museum was written. The Snares Island subspecies, huegeli Tristram, is also dark-coloured, but it appears to be larger than the Antipodes Island birds.

In this note I would draw attention to the misleading results of genus-lumping. Classed by most writers in Gallinago, it puzzled most thinking students to account for the occurrence of a species of Gallinago, isolated on the southernmost rocks off New Zealand and absent from the main islands. The only species of Gallinago known at that time from Australia, was only a migrant to that continent.

Seebohm grasped the truth when he called the New Zealand birds semi-Woodcocks, but by his usage of wide genera he hid away the lessons to be learnt from this classification.    -

Examination of the New Zealand birds showed that their reference to Gallinago was not only unscientific, but was absolutely wrong. The bill, general form, and legs and feet were undoubtedly those of the Woodcock and not those of the Snipe. The only course open was the usage of the genus Coenocorypha, and as a vernacular, semi-Woodcock should certainly be utilised in preference to Snipe.

In South America, however, occurs a bird which can best be described as a magnified Coenocorypha—in structure and coloration accurately agreeing, but immensely superior in size. This species—also quite wrongly classed by Sharpe in Gallinago, and also quite correctly named by Seebohm, semi-Woodcock—occurs in the southernmost

THE AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD [Voi. II.

32


parts of South America. When it is made known that stricklnndi Bonaparte is also not a Gallinago but a semi-Woodcock, and is only a large edition of Ccenocorypha, much of the puzzle reveals itself. Every student of the “ Snipes ” must agree with Seebohm that their style of coloration is of ancient lineage, and the extraordinary resemblance between “G. stricklnndi ” Bonaparte of the Straits of Magellan, and Ccenocorypha aucklandica Gray and its allies of the Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand and the Chathams, cannot be explained away by coincidence or convergence. The acceptance of their very close relationship accounts for the restriction of Ccenocorypha to the above-noted islands, and the scarcity of food and other conditions would be responsible for the depauperation of the genus.

PlIvEOPUS PHiEOPUS VARIEGATUS (Scopoli).

In the Reference List (l.c., p. 257) two occurrences for the mainland of New Zealand only are included. Reischek’s collection adds a third, as there is a bird labelled : “ New Brighton, South New Zealand June 1879.”

I wish here to acknowledge my great indebtedness to Dr. Sassi, who placed himself at my disposal while I was at the Museum and thereby made possible, by his invaluable aid, the accumulation of these notes.

THE

AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

VOL. II. Nos. 2 & 3.

ISSUED IN CONNEXION WITH THE

Austral Avian Museum, Watford, Herts, England

Editor

GREGORY M. MATHEWS
Price 3/- Net

WITHERBY & CO. 326 High Holborn London W.C. October 23rd, 1913.

.    4

h Ç52>lfex


_


*


THE AUSTRAL RECORD.

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA.

Vol. II., Nos. 2 & 3.    October 23rd, 1913.

CONTENTS.

--    PAGE

Notes on Billberg ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    33

Dates of Publication of    the “Coquille”    ...    49

New Generic Names ......... ...    ...    55

Additions ... to my    Reference List    ...    03

New List of the Birds of Australia ...    ...    72

NOTES ON BILLBERG’S SYNOPSIS FAUNA SCANDINAVIA.

By Gregory M. Mathews and Tom Iredale.

In a recent article on Egalheus Billberg, one of us (Mathews, Auk, Vol. XXX., pp. 92-94, 1913) accepted Richmond’s correction of his usage of that genus-name, as no opportunity of personally examining Billberg’s work had previously occurred.

As, since that note was written, the only known copy in the British Isles—one in Xewton's library preserved at Cambridge University—has been, through the courtesy of the University to whom our best thanks are due, made available to us, we have concluded that a criticism and excerpts would be welcomed by many interested.

Firstly, Lonnberg (Journ. fur Ornith. 1906, pp. 531533) has contributed a note concerning this work. Secondly, Richmond has examined the same copy as we have before us and has recorded all the new names in his invaluable list of “ Generic Names Applied

to Birds ...” (Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., Vol. XXXV., pp. 583-655, 1908).

It might thus appear that the following notes would be superfluous, but inasmuch as we did not feel that everything had been explained in the places noted, and as we know others have been in the same predica- ] ment, we offer them without further apology.

We find the book to be a small duodecimo, the \ title-page reading :    “ Synopsis/Faun® Scandinavia,

Tom I, pars 2. Aves. Holmiae, 1828.” The Author’s I name is not given, the probable reason being that this is “ pars 2.”

No preface or introduction is given, and 208 pages j follow. At the end there are three tables which have at the foot—“A. ante pag. 1. B. ante pag. 1. C. ante pag. 1.”

We propose to deal with these tables before commenting on the 208 pages of text.

Table A is headed: “ Conspectus Classis Avium . universalis, secundum,” and is the most important to extra-Palsearctic workers.

An entirely novel classification appears to be provided, in this table, the class Aves being divided into three j Subclasses, these being further subdivided into Ordines, Tribus, Nationes, and Genera. The systematic manner i in which these divisions are named is somewhat remarkable, the subclasses all ending in —ornithes, the Orders in —pod®, the tribes in —rhamph®, and the families in —ides. This shows that Billberg’s work was metho-j ical, and it is carefully done.

The three Subclasses are named Geornithes, Actior-] nitlies and, Hydromitheti. The first named is divided into three Orders : Trechopodce, Elazopodce, and Anecopoclce : the second also into three Orders Thas-sopodce, Neopodw, and Pteropodce: the last again into three Orders—Pygopodoe, Isorrhopodce, and Holopoda. To each of these a diagnostic sentence is added : this is worth noting as it shows that Billberg was a

systematist of no mean calibre. His classification shows many anomalies, but mostly those accepted at the time he was working.

Billberg’s table' is arranged so that the eye can easily grasp the details in the following manner :—

Subclass.    Order.    Tribe.

Geornithes

Anecopodæ ...


The Order Trechopodce, is not divided into tribes, and only into two families, Struthionides and Otidides.

The tribe Apsirhamphce covers four families, Tetra-onides, Didides, Numidceides, and Gallides.

The tribe Conorhamphce, on account of its extent, is again subdivided into three “ Legiones,” and one of the “ Legiones ” into four cohorts. The first Legio, Asyndactylce, contains two families, Apterygides and Columbceides ; the second Legio, Tisyndactylce, contains eleven families, distributed in four cohorts : cohort Integrirostres, with families Corvide-s, Sturnides, Fringil-• Iceides, and Alaudaeides ; cohort Emarginatirostres, with families Motacillceides, Laniides, Turdides, and Ampeli-dides; cohort Fissirostres, with family Hirundinides, and cohort Tenuirostres, with families Certhiceides and Trochilides. The third Legio, Holosyndactylce, contains two families, Meropides and Prionitides.

The tribe Ancylorhamphce covers the two families Accipitrides and Strigides.

Two families, Psittacides and Eurhynchides, constitute j the tribe Gyrorhamphce, while the two families Bucconides and Trogonides compose the tribe Pogonorhamphcefour families, Musovorceides, Rliamphastides, Cuculides, and Picides, make up the tribe Madorhamphce.

Subclass.


Order.

Thassopodae


Tribe.


Actiornithes... Neopodœ

Ptero pod ce

Two families are composed in the Order Thassopodce, viz. Hcematopodicles and Charadriides.

The tribe PromacrorTiamphce covers the families Vanel-lides, Scolopacides, Recurvirostrceides, Tantalides, Rallides and Ardeceides.

Two families, Phoenicopterides and Cereopsides—a rather peculiar combination—constitute the tribe Pachy-rhamphce, while the tribe Leurorhamphce includes the two families PlatyrhampTiides and Plataleceides.

The Order Pteropodce contains two families, Fulicceides and Podocepitides.

Subclass.    Order.    Tribe.

In the Order Pygopodce three families are recognised, Colymbides, Alcœides, and Aptenodytides.

The tribe Liorhamphœ is divided into two families, Procellariœides and Larides, while the tribe Elasmo-rhamphce is co-equal with the family Anatides, as is the tribe PrionorJiamphce with the family Mergides.

The Order Holopodce comprises the two families Pelecanides and Phaetonides.

The division into genera is here reprinted exactly as Billberg gives it, as this is most important :—

Family.    Genera.

Struthionides Divisio 1. pedibus didactylis : 1. Struthio.

Family.


Otidides


Tetraonides


Didides

Numidæides


Gallides


Apterygides

Columbæides


Corvidés


Sturnides


Genera.

Div. 2. ped. 3-dactylis :    2, Gauria

B. (Rhea Brisson) ;    3, Thrasys B.

et 4, Chelarga B. (Casuarius Briss.). Div. 1. pedibus colligatis : 1, Otis ; 2, Obdicpriemus Cuvier ; 3, Cur-sorius Latham ; 4, Syrrhaptes Illiger. Div. 2.    pedibus gradariis ; 5, Ortyx

Xenocrates (Ortygis III.).

Div. 1. tibiis nudis ; 1, Perdix Briss. ;

2, Cryptonyx Temminck.

Div. 2.    tibiis phimosis : 3, Cryp-

turus 111. ;    4, Pterocles Temm. ;

5, Tetrao.

1, Didus.

1, Pseudotaon B. (Meleagris Linné) ;

2,    Penelophe B. (Penelope Merrem) ;

3,    Satyra B. (Meleagris L.) ;    4.

Numida ;    5, Urax B. (Ourax

Cuvier) ; 6, Craxa B. (Crax Briss.) ; 7, Bremus B. (Argus Temm.).

1, Polyplectrus B. (Polyplectron Temm.) ; 2, Pavo ; 3, Opisthocomus Hoff-mannsegg ; 4, Lophorus Temm ; 5, Phasianus ; 6, Gallus Briss.

1, Apteryx Shaw.

1, Peristera Aristoteles ; 2, Columba ; 3, Vinago Cuv. ; 4, Ancistroa B. (Columba curvirostra Gmelin).

1, Corvus ;    2, Cractes B. (Garrulus

Briss.) ; 3, Caryocatactes Cuv. ; 4, Ægyps B. (Temia Vaillant) ;    5,

Coracias ; 6, Colaris Cuv. ; 7, Gracula, 8, Paradisea ; 9, Lamprotornis Temm.

1, Buphaga ; 2, Cassicus Cuv. ; 3, Xan-thornis Briss. ;    4, Sturnus ;    5,

Glauopis Forster.

Genera.

Family.

Fringillaeides


Alaudseides

Motacillaeides


Laniides


Turdides


1, Loxia; 2, Psittirostra Temm. ; 3. Corythus Cuv. ; 4, Pyrrhula Bi'iss ; 5, Pyrgita Cuv.; 6, Pitylus Cuv.; 7, Fringilla ;    8. Spermolega B. et

9,    Cannabia B. (Carduelis Cuv.);

10,    Phytotoma Molina; 11, Colius

Arist. ;    12, Ploceys Cuv. ;    13,

Emberiza;    14, Parus ;    15, /Egi-

thalus B. (Les Moustaches Cuv.) ; 16, Struthus B. (Les Remiz Cuv.).

1, Corydus B., et 2, Pseudocorys B.

(Alauda Cuv.) ; 3, Alauda.

1, An thus Bechstein ; 2, Motacilla ; 3, Accentor Bechst. ; 4, Phyllopseusta Meyer; 5, Rhadina B. (Phyllop seusta Mey.) ; 6, Regulus Ray (Sylvia Latham) ; 7, Nannus B. (Troglodytes Cuv.); 8, Titiza B. (Calamodytoi Mey.); 9, Sylvia Lath.; 10, Phaeca B. (Ficedula Bechst.) ; 11, Philydra B.; (Sylvia Lath.)\ 12, Saxicola Bechst. 1, Lanius ; 2, Tamnophilus Vieillot; 3, Vanga Vieill. ; 4, Psaris Cuv.; 5, Sparactes 111.; 6, Oxypterus Cuv.;

7,    Cometes B. (Criniger Temm.);

8,    Barita Cuv. ; 9, Graucalus Cuv. (Ceblephyris Temm.) ; 10, Bethylus Cuv. ; 11, Eupliones Cuv. ; 12, Tana-gra; 13, Rhamphoceles Cuv.

Div. 1. digit is externis articulo : o unitis: 1, Malurus Vieill. ; 2, Pyrrhocorax Cuv. ; 3, Oriolus ; 4, Msenura Sh.; 5, Myothera 111. ; 6, Conopoderas B. (Turdus longirostris Gmel.); 7, Turdus; 8, Ichla B. (Pastor Temm.) ; 9, Hydrichla B. (Cinclus Bechst.) ; 10, Brachyurus Thunberg (Pitta Temm.).

Family.

Ampelidides

Hirundinides Certhiaeides .


Trochilides .

Meropides .

Prionitides . Accipitrides .


Genera.

Div. 2. digitis externis longitudine : media unitis : 11, Rupicola Cuv. ; 12, Phibalura Vieill. ; 13, Pipra ; 14, Pardalotus Vieill.

1, Edolius Cuv. ; 2, Tyrannus Briss. ; 3, Muscipeta Cuv. ; 4, Muscicapa ; 5, Gymnocephalus Geoffroy ; 6, Cep-halopterus Geoffr. ; 7, Gymnoderes Geoffr. ; 8, Ampelis ; 9, Ceblepyris Cuv. (Ampelis Temm.) ; 10, Cas-marhynchus Temm. ; 11, Procnias 111.

1, Caprimulgus ;    2, Cypselus 111. ; 3,

Hirundo.

1, Oxyrhynchus Temm. ;    2, Sitta ; 3

Orthonyx Temm. ;    4, Dendroco-

laptes Herrmann ;    5, Anecoi'ham-

phus B. (Xenops Hoffms<j.) ;    6,

Anabates Temm. ;    7, Opetiorhyn-

chus Temm. ; 8, Certhia ; 9, Clim-acteris Temm. ;    10, Tichodroma

111.;    11, Upupa; 12, Epimachus

Cuv. ;    13, Drepanis Temm. ;    14,

Dicali m iElianus.

1, Meliphaga Levili (Philedon Cuv.) ; 2, Nectarinia 111. (Coereba Temm.) ; 3, Cinnyra Cuv. ;    4, Trochilus ;    5,

Mellisuga Briss. (Orthorhynchus Lacé-pède.)

1, Merops ;    2, Alcedo ;    3, Capya B.

(Alcedo Cuv.) ; 4, Agreutes B. (Dacello Leach) ; 5, Todus.

1, Prionites 111. ; 2, Abuceros B. (Buceros Cuv.) ; 3, Buceros.

Div. 1. capite 1. collo 1. utroque sub-nudis : 1, Sarcorliamphus Dumeril ; 2, Cathartes 111. ;    3, Vultur ;    4,

Gypaetus Storr ; 5, Harpyia Cuv.

Genera.

Family.


Div. 2. capite piumoso, Subdir. 1, rostro edentulo.

Manip. 1 : rostro ad basin recto : C Spizaetus Vieil!. ; 7, Aquila Briss. Manip. 2 : rostro a basi curvato :    8,

Gypogeranus 111. ; 9, Accipiter Briss. (Nisus Cuv.) ; 10, Milvus Bechst. ;

II,    ButeoGesner. ; 12, Circus Bechst. Subdiv. 2 : rostro ad apicem denticulate

13, Falco.

Strigides . Psittacides .

Eurhynchides Bucconides .

Trogonides . Musovoræides


1, Strix ; 2. Tyto B. (Strix Savigny).

1, Psittacus ; 2. Ara Cuv. ; 3, Pezoporus

III.

1, Eurhynchus Geoffr.

1, Ablas B. (Capito Vieill.) ; 2, Bucco ; 3, Crotophaga ; 4, Carpophaga B. (Phcenicophceus Vieillot).

1, Pogonornis B. (Pogonias III.) ;    2,

Trogon.

1, Corythaix 111. ;    2, Musovora B.

(Musophaga Isert.).

Rhamphastides 1, Rhampliastus ; 2, Pteroglossi^ 111.

Cuculides    . 1, Scythrops Lath. ; 2, Cuculus ; 3,

Coccyzus Vieill. ; 4, Centropus 111. : 5, Indicator Vieill. 6, Leptosomus Vieill.

Picidcs .    1, AugaB. (GalbulciBriss.) ; 2, CraugusB.

(Picus Cuv.) ; 3, Jynx ; 4, Picus.

Hæmatopodides 1, Himantopus Briss. ; 2, Hæmatopus.

Charadriides 1, Planorhamplms B. (Burrliinus III. ?): 2, Charadrius ; 3, Crocetliia B. (Cali-dris III.).

Vanellides    . 1, Microdactylus Geoffr. ; 2, Vanellus

Briss.

Scolopacides Div. 1. digitis usque ad basin Assis : 1, Strepsilas 111. ; 2, Pisobia B. (Tringa ol.).

Family.    Genera.

Div. 2. digitis ad basin connexis : 3, Trynga B. (Tringa cl.) ; 4, Machetes Cuv. f>, Carites B. (Limosa Brise.) ; 6, Ereunectes 111. ;    7, Scolopax :

8. Actites B. (Limosa Briss.).

Div. 3. digitis subpalmatis : 9, Corrira Aldrovand.

Recurvarostrseides 1, Nea B. (Glottis Nilss.) ; 2, Recur-virostra.

Tantalides .    1, Tantalus ; 2, Egatheus B. (Ibis Lacey.);

3,    Neomenius B. (Numenius Briss.);

4,    Rhynchea Cuv.

Rallides . Div. 1. alis armatis : 1, Palamedes ; 2, Parra ; 3, Cliauna 111. ; 4, Culeus B. Div. 2. alis inermibus : 4, Rallus ; 5, Ortygometra Briss. (Gallinula Temm.) ;    6, Porphyrion Plinius.

Ardeseides . Div. 1. digitis parum palmatis : 1, Glareola Temm. ; 2, Pratincola Kramer; 3, Psoplia (P sophia Linn.) ; 4, Tetrapteryx Thunb. ; 5, Eurypyga 111. ; 6, Aramus Vieill. ; 7, Ixobry-chus B. (Arden Temm.) ; 8, Anas-tomus 111. ; 9, Grus Pallas.

Div. 2. digitis subpalmatis : 10, Ciconia Briss.; 11, Ardea ;    12, Scopus

Briss.

Phcenicopterides 1, Phoenicopterus.

Cereopsides .    1, Cereopsis Lath. ; 2, Chionis Forster.

Platyrhamphides 1, Platyrhamphus B. (Tringa Temm.).

Plataleseides


1, Eurynorhynchus Nilss. ; 2, Platalea ; 3, Cancroma.

Fulicseides .

Podocepitides Colvmbides .


1, Lobipes Cuv. ; 2, Phalaropus Briss. ;

3, Fúlica.

1, Podiceps.

Div. 1. pedibus 4-dactylis : 1, Colym-bus ; 2, Eudytes 111.

Family.    Genera.

Div. 2. pedibus 3-dactylis :    3, Uria

Briss. ; 4, Cephas Pall.

Alcaeides .    1, Phaleris Temm. ; 2, Mormon 111. ; 3,

Alca.

Aptenod\dides 1, Spheniscus Briss. ;    2, Geopega B.

(Gorfon Ciw.) ; 3, Aptenodytes Forst. Procellariaeides 1, Diomedea ;    2, Pachyptila 111. ;    3,

Halodroma 111. ; 4, Halohippus B. et

5,    Zalochelidon B. (Procellaria ol.) ;

6,    Rhipornis B. (Pufinus Briss.) ;

7,    Procellaria.

Larides .    1, Chelido Gaza (Sterna Linn) ; 2, Rhyn-

chops 111. ; 3, Larus ; 4, Lestris 111. Anatides .    1, Cygnus Briss. ; 2, Anser Briss. ; 3,

Anas.

Mergides

Pelecanides


Phaetonides


1, Mergus.

1, Pelecanus ; 2, Tachypetes Vieill. ; 3. Plialacrocorax Plin. (Carbo Mey.) ; 4. Dysporus 111. ; 5, Onocrotalus Briss. ; 6, Plotus.

1, Phaeton.

A second table follows headed “ Conspectus Classis Avium Scandinaviæ secundum,” and at the foot is placed “ B. ante pag. 1.” This agrees with the preceding but differing in that it deals with the Birds of Scandinavia only. A third table is headed “ Conspectus Generum subclassis Geornithium (Landfoglar),” and also at the foot appears “ C. ante pag. 1.”

There is nothing new in these two tables, save that the names of the first three Orders is given as Trechopodes, Elazopodes, and A necopodes, while all the others end regularly in —podæ. The same spelling as here noted occurs in the body of the work In the second table and in the text (p. 177), Podicepitides (not Podocepitides) is correctly given.

A perusal of the list of genera given will show that with a few exceptions all the names proposed are

substitute-names for previously defined groups A large number are simply classical emendations or substitutions and the majority of these fall as absolute synonyms ; one of the dangers of such names however is that they sometimes invalidate later well-known and commonly utilised names. Such was the case with some of these Billbergian names, as Richmond pointed out. The names naturally fall in three groups : those which are absolutely synonyms, those which are indeterminable, and those which are valid. A large number occurring in the table apparently belong to the second list, but through their usage in the text become distributed in the other two.

Richmond has given full notes regarding nearly all these, so that it would be superfluous to re-state his arguments.

The absolute synonyms are : Gauria, Cractes, Cometes, Ichla, Hydrichla, Anecorhamphus, Agreutes, Ablas, Carpo-phaga, Pogonornis, Musovora, Auga, Crocethia, Nea, Egatheus, Geopega, Rhipornis, and Chelido.

These however are validly proposed and might preoccupy later valid names, as Carpophaga and Pogonornis do. They would also be available in case the name for which they are proposed be shown to be invalid in itself, and under this category come some of Billberg’s valid names.

As indeterminable must be classed Thrasys, Chelarga, Satyra, Corydus, Pseudocorys, Philydra, Capya, Abuceros, Eurhynchus, Craugus, and Culeus.

Richmond has given full explanatory notes and suggestions regarding these names which, as regards systematic work, simply rank as nomina nuda.

A strange introduction which, must be classed as indeterminable is that of Planorhamphus for “Burrhinus 111. ? ” Probably Billberg meant his name as a classical emendation of Illiger’s Burrhinus, and placed the query to denote that he could not classify the genus accurately. Jn this connexion should be noted Obdicpriemus Cuvier,

which Billberg classed in the Otidides. It is not included in Richmond’s list, though it might have been on account of the strange spelling, though only as a nomen nudum. A pencilled note (probably by Richmond) suggests that it is a misprint for (Edicnemus.

Another interesting nomen nudum not mentioned by Richmond, is the genus Peristera, ex Aristoteles, in the family Columbceides. This is earlier than Selby’s introduction which has comparatively recently been shown to be anticipated by Peristera Rafinesque for a mollusc.

Ortxjx, ex Xenocrates, is preferred to Ortygis Illiger, but that name had been previously used by Oken, so it is doubly invalid.

Classical emendations which vary little from the original names, but which nevertheless should be carefully noted, are Penelophe, Urax, Craxa, Trynga, Poly-plectrus, Neomenius, and Psopha.

A few names were introduced for definite species or groups, with vernaculars only known to Billberg. Such are Ancistroa for Columba curvirostra Gmelin. Aegyps for Temia Vaillant, Mgithalus for Les Moustaches Cuv., Struthus for Les Remiz Cuv., and Conopoderas for Turdus longirostris Gmel. The last named is available, antedating Tatare Lesson ; Struthus would have been, but it is preoccupied : the others are invalid on account of earlier proposals. Bremus for Argus Temm. is preoccupied, otherwise it would come into use through the fact that Argus Temm. is also preoccupied.

Two names are now commonly in use : Nannus. proposed for “ Troglodytes Cuv.,” as it has been shown that Cuvier's genus is not the same as the one named earlier by Vieillot; Txjto for Strix Savigny is also accepted as Savigny’s restriction of Strix was unavailable owing to the fact that the species selected by Savigny was not one of the Linnean species of Strix.

When the text of Billberg’s book is consulted, we find that his work was most carefully done, as there (p. 116 Billberg uses Strix flammea for the Short-eared Old, and

gives a long explanatory note, proving that Linné based his Strix flammea on the Rudbeck picture, which is. undoubtedly that of this species. The Strix flammea of authorities, he shows to be unknown in Sweden. It is very unfortunate that Billberg \s remarks should have been overlooked, as now—eighty odd years afterwards—-the same, and only, conclusion is arrived at, and many ornithologists still wish to quibble over the consequences.

In consequence of this knowledge of the invalidity of the usage of Strix Linné for the Barn-Owl, Billberg proposed Ttjto for that group. It has been claimed that Tyto is preoccupied by Tyta, also proposed earlier by Billberg. In this connexion it might be observed that Heine (Nomencl. Mus. Hein., Ornith., p. 252, 1890) proposed Tyto to replace Myotha, “ on grounds of purism.” The meaning of “ tyto ” (fide Richmond, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., Vol. XXIV., p. 720, 1902, when recording this name) is given as “ the night-owl,” while another authority cites as the meaning of “ tyta,” “ night-flying,” apparently two different words.

The other names proposed in the Tables are indeterminable until the text of the work is consulted : Pseudotaon is used on p. 4 for sylvestris alone, without explanation.

Vieillot (Nouv. Diet. d’Hist. Nat., Vol. IX.. p. 447, 1817) named the Wild Turkey, Meleagris silvestris ; and we note that the type-locality is not given in the American Ornithological Union’s Checklist, 3rd ed., p. 145, 1910. There was some discussion regarding this name, and as we have the book before us we quote Vieillot’s localities : “ On trouve les dindons sauvages depuis le pays des Illinois jusqu’à l’isthme de Panama. Ils étoient autrefois communs dans le Canada, et au centre des Etats-Unis.”

Spermologa is given on p. 28 (Spermolega is written in the Tables), and four species attached—lulensis, spinus, carduelis, and linaria. We designate the first named, S. lulensis, as type, and as this is a synonym of F. montifringilla Linné, Spermologa disappears into synonymy.

Cannabia, on p. 31, with the two species, C. propria (=F. cannabina Linné) and flavirostris, is an absolute synonym of Acanthis Borkhausen.

On p. 49 Motacilla thunbergi is described, and this name is now commonly accepted.

In the Tables are given Phyllopseusta Meyer and Rhadina B. (Phyllopseusta Mey.). This is a most interesting introduction, which seems to have escaped Richmond’s observation. In the text we find, on p. 53, Phyllopseusta used for hippolais Linné alone, and, p. 54, Rhadina for sibilatrix Bechst., acredula L. (=trochilus L.) and rufa Latham.

Phyllopseustce was introduced by Meyer (Beschr. Liv. and Esthl., p. 122, 1815) as a group-name, and has been rejected (we agree correctly) as not being generically or subgenerically proposed. For the first four species of Meyer’s group—which included the species S. hippolais ■ Linn., sybilatrix Bechst., fitis Bechst., rufa Lath., and regulus Lath.—two genera are commonly accepted : “ Hypolais Kaup 1829, and Phylloscopus Boie 1826."

In the Isis 1828, p. 1283, Brehm utilized Hippolais and Phyllopneuste Meyer for these two groups, but at this place these are nomina nuda.

Hypolais introduced by Kaup in 1829, is later than Billberg’s Phyllopseusta, and as no author appears to have anticipated Billberg in fixing Phyllopseusta, this genus-name will displace Hypolais Kaup. Billberg's Rhadina becomes, of course, a synonym of the earlier Phylloscopus Boie 1826.

In connexion with this, it is interesting to note that in the Cat. Gen. Subgen. Birds, p. 34, 1855, Gray used Phyllopneuste as of Meyer 1822, for the “ S. hippolais Linné ” group, and in the Handlist Gen. Spec. Birds (pt. i., p. 215, 1869) he utilized Phyllopseuste Meyer 1815, for the same group.

It would now appear necessary to revert to Phyllopseusta Billberg 1828, type (by monotypy) 8. hippolais Linné for this group.

Titiza, introduced in the Tables for “ Calamodytce Meyer,” has (p. 58) two species allotted to it : Schoenobceno Linné and light]ooti Billberg (—Motacilla arundinacea Lightfoot, not Turdus arundinaceus Linné). This genusname falls as a synonym of Acrocephalus Naumann 1811 (■sensu lat.).

Phceca appears in the Tables for “Ficedula ” Bechst. We have not traced where Bechstein used this genusname as here utilized, though we note that Cuvier (Règne Anim., Vol. I., p. 364, 1816) gives the same group under the name “Les rubiettes,” citing as an equivalent, “Ficedula Bechst.” The species Billberg includes in the text (p. 64) are rubecula, suecica, phœnicura, and nilssoni Billberg (=titys Auct.). This cannot be considered the same group as Ficedula Schaeffer (ex Brisson), of which the type is Motacilla atricapilla Linné. We designate as type of Phceca Billberg, P. rubecula Linné ; and thus Phceca passes into synonymy.

Pisobia is now accepted for the species minuta Leisl. and temmincki Leisl., which are the sole species included on pp. 136, 137.

Carites (on p. 143 et seq.) includes fuscus, calidris, ■stagnatilis, ochropus, glareola, and hypoleucus, and the footnote quoted by Richmond shows that it was proposed as a classical substitute for Totanus Auct., and must fall as a synonym of that name. In the Table it is given as a substitute for Limosa Briss., but as Actites B. is also added as another synonym, we know that it could only be partly so considered. Actites (on p. 153 et seq.) covers the two species limosa and lapponica only, and therefore becomes a synonym of Limosa ; we designate the first named as type, so that there can be no question about this.

On p. 158, Eecurvirostra atricapilla, a new name for R. avocetta, seems a new combination.

On p. 161, Pelidna, which does not occur in Table A., is used for subarquata Gunn. ( = ferruginea Brunnich) alone.

In the Table, Ortygometra Briss. is included as a substitute for Gallinula Temm. The facts are, however, that Gallinula is a Brissonian genus, while Ortygometra is not. In the text (p. 163 et seq.) the species included are crex, porzana, and chloropus, the first named being the type by tautonymy.

In the Table, Ixobrychus is shown as a substitute for Ardea Temm., but as Ardea is also given, it is at once seen to constitute a division. On p. 166, the species attached are minutus and stellaris. Stone designated as type the first species, and thus displaced the familiar Ardetta by this name. As the genus is co-equal with the prior Botaurus Stephens, it would have been better to have selected the second species and left the familiar names unaltered.

Platyrliamphus is given in the Tables as a substitute for “ Tringa Temm., and in the text we find the sole species cited Numenius pusillus Bechstein. If Limicola Koch be considered preoccupied by Limicula Vieillot, this name becomes available.

On p. 186, Uria brissoni, nom. mut. for U. troile. and p. 187, U. nigra for U. grylle, need record.

In the Table, Cephus Pall, appears, but on p. 188, Cephus nanus is the sole species, which is Alca aile Linné.

On p. 190, Alca balthica and brunnichi are new names for A. tor da.

In the Table, Halohippus and Zalochelidon are cited as part of Procellaria ol. In the text (on p. 192) we have Halohippus alone used for glacialis L., and Zalochelidon alone for pelagica L. It is now admitted that the type of Fulmarus Stephens is glacialis L., otherwise the former has the prior claim over Rhantist.es Kaup 1829.

We think we have touched upon the main features of this work as concerns the systematic worker. The one point worthy of note, is the better understanding of the genus-name Phyllopseusta, and we hope to see Billberg’s action recognized at once, and not neglected ! —as has been his valuable note re Strix flammea Linné. •

DATES OF PUBLICATION OF PLATES OF THE

“ ORNITHOLOGY ... OF THE ‘ COQUILLE.’ ”

By Gregory M. Mathews.

An important publication was that entitled “ Voyage autour du Monde, . . . sur ... la Coquille, pendant . . . 1822-25 . . . Par L. J. Duperrey.”

The Ornithology was written by Lesson and Garnot, and many new species of birds were described. These are all contained in the first volume of the Zoology.

For many years the date for these new species was accepted as 1826, the year given on the title-page.

However, internal evidence clearly showed that this was an impossible date, and Mr. C. Davies Sherbom and Mr. B. B. Woodward, with indefatigable energy, worked out accurately the dates and published them in the Annals Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, Vol. VII., p. 391, 1901. Scientific ornithologists have not accorded Mr. [Sherborn the meed his careful and praiseworthy work deserves, and quite commonly 1826 is still quoted. Only those who have investigated dates can fully appreciate the dreary and weary detail-work involved in so few lines, and few realize how absolutely necessary at the present time such unthanked labour is. There was always evidence that the plates were published in advance of the text, and so a doubtful factor still existed as to the correct date of the names. I herewith dispel that doubt, and it is to be hoped full use will be made of the facts here presented.

Mr. Sherborn has given me permission to make use of his data, which is here reproduced.

Zoologie, Vol. I., appeared in sixteen livraisons as follows :—

Livr. Sheets.

1    6 Vol. I., pp. 1-48 Bibl. Franc. 1 Nov., 1826.

2    5    „    49-88    „    17 Jan., 1827.

3    5    „    89-128    „    18Apr., 1827.

4    5    „    129-168    „    25 July, 1827.

C

169-216 Bibl. Franc. 17 Oct., 1827 22 Mch., 1828, 21 June, 1828,

Livr. Sheets.

5

6 Vol.

L, pp.

169-216

6

5

217-256

7

5

,,

257-296

8

7

297-352

9

7

,,

353-408

10

6

5 3

409-456

11

6

33

457-504

12

7

,,

505-560

13

51

. ,

561-600

14

6~

,,

601-648

15

6

,,

649-696

16

6

33

697-743


29    Nov., 1828. 28 Feb., 1829.

4 April, 1829.

30    May, 1829 4 July, 1829

21 Nov, 1829 9 Jan., 1830. 3 April, 1830. 1 May, 1830.

Searching through Ferussac’s Bull. Sci. Nat., I noticed a review of a part, and carefully looking through the preceding and succeeding numbers, discovered that the whole of the parts were there noticed and that detail' of the plates that appeared with each livraison of text were given. I have therefore collated these and givf them herewith.

In Vol. VIII., pp. 25-28, May, 1826, appears the following notice : “Voyage . . . Coquille . . . Ordre di publication ... La partie Zoologique (2 Vols, in 4°, ave( un atlas de 145 pi. coloriées) rédigée par MM. Garno' et Lesson, médecins de la marine et naturalistés di l’expédition, sera publieé la première. Elle aura 2! livraisons : il en paraîtra une par mois. Chaqi» livraison sera composée de 6 pl. in fol. et de plusieur feuilles de texte.”

On p. 337 of Vol. IX., Nov., 1826, the notice reads

“ Nous nous empressons de signaler aujourd’hui 1 publication de la l,e livraison de cette partie zoologi . . . Les six feuilles de texte ne comprennent encoi qu’ une partie du premier chapitre, intitulé Consider? tions générales sur les îles du grand Océan . . . Lf planches, au nombre de six (3, 8, 9, 13, 20 et 28) offre! les animaux suivans : l'Otarie molosse, le Cochon d Papous, le Delphinaptère de Péron, les Dauphins

sourcils blancs, à bandes, Funenas et malais ; le Cassican de Kéraudren, le Séricule Prince-Régent et l’Epimaque Royal.”

In Vol. XL, p. 378, July, 1827, the second and third livraison are reviewed, details of the plates being given and a note added :—

“ Le texte est composé des feuilles 7 à 17: nous en ferons connaître le contenu prochainement. L’ordre numérique des plances n’étant pas suivi, nous ne pourrions aujourd'hui rapporter les figures à la description des objets qu’elles représentent.”

Livrs.

XII., p.

XV. , p.

XVI. , p.

XVI. , p.

XVII. , p. XIX., p.


389, Dec., 1827. 128, Oct., 1828. 272, Feb, 1829. 452, March, 1829. 207, May, 1829. 329, Dec., 1829.


4 and 5 are noted in Vol.

6 and 7    ,,    ,,

8 and 9 10 11

12 and 13

Included in this last notice is the remark : “ Lé XIF livraison : Elle contient en Reptiles ... en Poissons ... Le XIII" livraison est tout entière consacrée a les animaux des classes inferieures.”

The issue of the plates after the eleventh livraison lo not therefore concern us, though the text of these ivraisons deals mainly with birds. For facility of reference I give the dates in the order of the plates :—

1    Crânes d’Alfourous

2    Vesper til to bonariensis

Livr. 1

1826

Bathyergus hotlentotus

9

ìì ^

1827

3 Otaria molossina

» 3

1827

4    Cuscus maculatus

5    Cuscus macrourus

5

1827

6 Cuscus albus

o

1828

7 Kängurus ualabatus

9

3 3

1827

8    Sus papuensis

9    Delphinapterus peroni

» 1

1826

Delphinus superciliosus etc.

„ 1

1826

C 2

lailtsts BfitVERSTTT UIRAKT

Piate 10 Falco longicauda

Livr.

7

1828

„ 11 Lanius Icirhocephalus

,,

2

1827

„ 12 Lanius karu

5J

3

1827

„ 13 Barita ìceraudrenii

5 5

1

1826

,, 14 Barita quoyi

15 Muscicapa chalybeocephalus

5}

9

1829

,, enado

Muscipeta toitoi ,, 16 Muscicapa inornata

11

8

1828

guttula

Pyrrhula telasco

5)

9

1829

,, 17 Muscicapa pomarea „ 18 Muscicapa telescopthalmus

7

1828

„ chrysomela

J >

5

1827

„ 19 Muscicapa longipes

Eurylaimus blainvillii

5 5

3

1827

20 Sericulus regens

1

1826

„ 21 Philedon dumerilii

?}

6

1828

„ 21 bis Philedon chrysotis

} J

6

1828

22 Cypselus mystaceus ,, 23 Icterus rufusater

9 J

5

1827

Sitta otatare

J 5

10

182S

,, 24 Corvus senex

5 5

8

1828

„ 25 Mino dumontii

,,

5

1827

,, 26 Paradisea regia Linn. $

,,

3

182?

,, 27 „ rubra Laoép.

5 5

6

1828

,, 28 Epimachus regius ,, 29 Synallaxis tupinieri

5 )

1

1828

Pomathorinus isidori

5 J

10

182»

30 Dicaeum erythrothorax

Cinnyris zenobia

,, aspasia

5>

7

1821

eques

,, 31 Orthorynchus sephaniodes

,, amazilia

,, cora

55

4

1827

,, 31 bis, Syma torotoro

Dacelo macrorhinus

11

182!

Nos. 2 & 3.] THE AUSTRAL AVIAN

RECORD

53

Plate 32 Picus chilensis

Livr. 3

1827

,, 33 Centropus menbeki

„ 6

1828

,, 34 Centropus ateralbus

„ 2

1827

,, 35 Psittacula desmarestii

„ 5

1827

,, 35 Psittacara patagón tea

„ 10

1829

,, 36 Megapodius duperreyi

-, 2

1827

,, 37 Alecthelia urvillii

„ 4

1827

,, 38 Talegallus cuvieri

„ 8

1828

,, 39 Columba zoeae Less.

„ 6

1828

,, 40 ,, araucana

,, 4

1827

,, 41 ,, oceánica

„ 4

1827

,, 42 ,, cyanovirens

„ 4

1827

,, 43 Vanellus cinctus

„ 2

1827

,, 44 Ardea heliosyla

„ 7

1828

,, 45 Podiceps lcalipareus

„ 5

1827

,, 46 Puffinuria garnotii Lesson

». 8

1828

,, 47 Sterna inca

„ 3

1827

,, 48 Carbo gaimardi

„ 7

1828

,, 49 Anas radjah

„ 8

1828

,, 50 Anser antarcticus Vieillot

„ 4

1827

By means of Sherborn’s dates we have the exact lonth of publication of the livraison, and it will be at nee noted that all the plates of birds were issued in dvance of the text dealing with them. Consequently Is regards the “ Coquille ” publication, the plates have lear priority. A few interesting points arise : it is :;en on reference to the plates that no authority is given, he Latin name being followed by a “ N ” only, save in 'ie cases of Colurnba zoeae and Puffinuria g rnotii here Lesson is named.

In the text some of the species are credited to Lesson, thers to Garnot ; that the readers were ignorant of he authorship is shown by the fact that in some of the eviews in the Bull. Sci. Nat., signed by “ D,” many pecies are credited to Lesson which were described by iarnot when the text appeared.

This complication is often removed by the fact that jesson described a few of the species—sometimes a brief

diagnosis, at others a detailed account—in the Bull. Sci. Nat., sometime previous to the issue of the plates. Some others were included in Lesson’s Manuel d’Ornithologie, which appeared prior to the plates dealing with them. In every case sufficient data is now available to fix the exact date of every name commonly ascribed to the Voy. la “ Coquille,” and exactly settle all matters regarding priority.

In the Table des Planches, published after the text to the plates had been completed, the references to the text being given, the names are sometimes different from those that appear on the plates, and the authorities are given. As example, Lanius karu N. of the plates (No. 12) appears as Ceblepyris karu Lesson, and for pi. 17 (Muscicapa pomarea Less.) the alternative Muscicapa maupitiensis Garnot is added.

In no case however does the specific-name differ, though I see that in the Bull. Sci. Nat. Ferussac, Vol. X.. p. 291, 1827, Lesson and Garnot described Corvus tristis (Atlas Zool., pi. 24). The plate appeared with the name Corvus senex, and this name is used in the text of the “ Coquille.” In the Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., this species appears as a monotypic generic form, under the name Cymnocorax senex. I do not see that Cormsl Iristis is preoccupied, so that the species-name should; be tristis. It is also necessary to revert to the genus Gymnocorvus, as Gymnocorax is simply a classical emendation. The species should therefore be known as Gymnocorvus tristis.

NEW GENERIC NAMES, WITH SOME NOTES ON OTHERS.

By Gregory M. Mathews.

The Numbers on the left are those of myReference List ” of 1912.

318. Parasula, gen. nov.

Differs from Sula Brisson in its much larger size and different number of tail-feathers; from Morus Vieillot in the different number of tail-feathers.

Type, Sula dactylatra bedouti Mathews.

320. Hemisula, gen. nov.

Differs from Sula Brisson in the number of tail-feathers and its proportionately shorter tail.

Type, Sula leucogaster rogersi Mathews.

Note.—All the Gannets have been lately, and without much reason, included in the genus Sula. The differences in size, coloration, structural proportions, and number of tail-feathers have all been ignored in favour of the view that, as the birds bore a family-resemblance, they must be referred to one genus. If genera with any pretence to affinity be recognized, then Sula must be subdivided. The nomenclatural problems are too complex to be detailed here, but will be fully discussed in my Birds of Australia. The species Pelecanus bassanus Linné and Sula dactylatra Lesson (cyanops Auct.) agree somewhat in size and coloration, but the former has twelve tail-feathers : the latter eighteen. The species Pelecanus piscator Linné and Pelecanus leucogaster Boddaert agree somewhat in size, but the former has sixteen tail-feathers, the latter fourteen : the last-named disagrees entirely in coloration from the other three. In structural proportions these all differ notably. It must be admitted by every reasoning ornithologist, that the difference between twelve and eighteen tail-feathers must be considered of generic import when it

is realized that the former occurs in the North Atlantic and in the South Pacific, where it lives side by side with the latter. In the same manner the difference in coloration between P. leacogaster Boddaert and the others in itself would justify generic separation, when it is remembered that all the other genera and species have a uniform style of coloration which is quite different and one which is practically unchanged in the same species with a North Atlantic, South Atlantic, and South Pacific distribution.

323. Scæophætiion, gen. nov.

Differs from Phæthon Linné in its longer wing, stronger legs and feet, shorter tail, though as powerful in the bill.

Type, Phæthon rubricauda westralis Mathews.

325. Leptophæthon, gen nov.

Differs from Phæthon Linné in its much smaller size throughout, though having a comparatively longer tail.

Type, Phæthon lepturus dorotheae Mathews.

Note.—The Tropic Birds have been referred to the one genus Phæthon, though here again generic rank is due to the differences observed. Phæthon and Scœophœthon agree somwhat in size, but the latter has discarded the plumage of the former, which is seen in the juvenile, in favour of a uniform white one ; it has also developed in size. Leptophœthon, on the other hand, has also achieved the beautiful adult-plumage of Scœophœthon, but is sadly diminished in size. However the evolution has proceeded, the birds are now sufficiently distinct to warrant generic separation.

367. Notofalco, gen. nov.

Differs from Rhynchodon Nitzsch in its much longer wings, longer tail, and weaker feet.

Type, Falco subniger Gray'.

490. Psephotellps, gen. nov.

Differs from Neonanodes Mathews in its much longer differently-shaped tail.

Type, Platycercus pidcherrimus Gould.

528. Micropodargus, gen. nov.

Differs from Podargus in its much smaller size throughout and in a comparatively stronger bill.

Type, Podargus marmoratus Gould.

095. Lewinornis, gen. nov.

Differs from Pachycephala Vigors and Horsfield in its weaker bill, shorter wing and tail, and weaker feet. Type, Sylvia rufiventris Latham.

704. Muscitrea and Hyloterpe.

In the Handlist of Birds both these genera occur, put a footnote at the latter place notes that the monotype of Muscitrea is synonymous with a species of Hyloterpe. As an Australian bird was included in the latter genus, investigation was necessary to settle which name was to be used. I herewith give my results.

Muscitrea was introduced by Blyth (Journ. As. Soc. Bengal, Vol. XVI., p. 121, Feb. 1847) for the new species cinerea alone. This is considered to be the same species as Blyth had previously described (same Journal, Vol. XII., p. 180, 1843) under the name Tephrodornis grisola. The species would thus have to be known as Muscitrea grisola (Blyth). T. grisola Blyth has however been placed in the genus Hyloterpe Cabanis. Some recent systematists, myself included, have placed this species in Pachycephala. but there is no excuse for such location. Hyloterpe is accepted as of Cabanis 1847. It appeared in Wiegman’s Arch, fur Nat. 1847, p. 321, but priority is easily dispensed with as Cabaois’s article is dated “ Berlin im November, 1847.” However, at that place it is doubly a nomen nudum.. Firstly, it is

proposed for “ Hylacharis Muller 1835,” and species cited H. philomela Muller. In the Tijdschr. Nat. Ges. Phys. Amster., Vol. II., p. 331, 1835, Muller does include Hylocliaris, but the species-name attached is “ luscinia ” and it is a nomen nudum, and there is no indication that it is a new generic introduction, but probably simply a misuse of Hylocharis Boie. The earliest legitimate introduction of Hylocharis seems to be that of Bonaparte who, in the Consp. Gen. Av., Vol. I., p. 329, 1850, uses it as of Cabanis 1847, and catalogues two species:

II. philomela Boie ( = id., Temm., Mus. Berol = id. Cabanis) and H. orpheus Verreaux (Pachycephala orpheus Jard., Contr. Orn. 1849, Vol. VII.. cum. fig.). The former is still a nomen nudum, and therefore the latter becomes type by monotypy.

The conclusion would read—

Muscitrea Blyth 1847 would replace—

Hylocharis Bonaparte 1850.

The type of the former would be, by monotypy—

ill. cinerea Blyth 1847 = Tephrodornis grisola Blyth; and of the latter by monotypy—

Pachycephala orpheus Jardine.

729. Setosura, gen. nov.

Differs from Leucocirca Swainson in its broader, longer bill, though the wing is much shorter and the legs and feet are much weaker, the metatarsus especially being much shorter.

Type, Rhipidura setosa melvillensis Mathews.

767. Paragraucaiajs, gen. nov.

Differs from Coracina Vieillot in its weaker bill, shortei tail, and weaker feet.

Type, Ceblepyris lineatus Swainson.

768. Metagraucalus, gen. nov.

Differs from Edolisoma Jacquinot et Pucheran in its stronger bill, stronger legs and feet, different wing-formation, and entirely different coloration.

Type, Gracaulus tenuirostris Jardine.

772. Karua, gen. nov.

Differs from Lalage Boie in its smaller bill and different wing-formation : in Lalage the first primary is short, less than half the second which is little shorter than the third, which is longest; in Karua the first primary is proportionately much longer, more than half the second, which is considerably shorter than the third, which is longest.

Type, Campephaga leucomela, Vigors and Horsfield.

969. Nesomalurus, gen. nov.

Differs from Hallornis Mathews in its longer bill and stronger feet, from Ryania Mathews in its stouter bill and longer tail, and from Malurus Vieillot and Leggeornis Mathews in lacking erectile ear-coverts ; the fourth primary of the wing is longest.

Type, Malurus edouardi Campbell.

1015.    Conig rave a, gen. nov.

Differs from Caleya Mathews in its longer bill, longer wing and tail, and different wing-formation : the third primary longest and the second primary equal to the sixth.

Type, Colluricincla parvula conigravi Mathews.

1016.    Caleya, gen. nov.

Differs from Pinarolestes Sharpe in its less compressed bill, longer wing and stronger feet, and different wing-formation ; the 5th primary longest and the 2nd equal to the tenth.

Type, Colluricincla rufogaster Gould.

1109. Austrodicjeum, gen. nov.

Differs from Dicceum Cuvier in its much shorter, stouter bill, much longer wing, much stronger legs and feet, and proportionately shorter tail.

Type, Motacilla hirundinacea Shaw and Nodder.

1203. Ptilotina, gen. nov.

Differs from Meliphaga Lewin (Type, M. lewini Swainson) in its stouter bill and feet, though shorter wing and much shorter tail ; from Microptilotis Mathews in its stouter, comparatively shorter bill though longer wing and stouter feet.

Type, Ptilotis analoga mixta Mathews.

1226. Nesoptilotis, gen. nov.

Differs from Ptilotula Mathews in its much longer wing and tail and much stronger feet, though the bill is as small as in that genus.

Type, Ptilotis flaviqula Gould.

1255. Broadbentia, gen. nov.

Differs from Ptilotula Mathews in its much longer bill, stronger feet and longer wing though as short a tail: from Nesoptilotis Mathews in its shorter tail, though the wing is of the same length, and its much longer bill. Type, Ptilotis flava addenda Mathews.

1360. Heteromunia, gen. nov.

Differs from Lonchura Sykes in its larger, more conical bill, longer wing, comparatively shorter tail and stronger feet.

Type, Amadina pectoralis Gould.

1401. Metallopsar, gen. nov.

Differs from Lamprocorax Bonaparte in its weaker bill, shorter wing, more slender legs and feet and longer wedge-shaped tail with two central feathers much projecting.

Type, Calornis purpurascens Gray.

In investigating the preceding, I noted the following preoccupied names, and as I consider the genera valid, herewith propose substitutes—

Platygnathus Hartlaub, in Wiegman’s Arch, fiir Nat. 1852, p. 132, is untenable on account of its prior usage by Dejean (Catal. Col., 2nd ed., 1834), Laporte (in Brulle

H.N., Anim. artic., Vol. II., p. 404, 1840), and Agassiz (Poiss. F.V.G.R., p. 60, 1844).

I would substitute—

Submyiagra, with P. vanicorensis Quoy et Gaimard, Voy. “ l’Astrol.,” 1830, as type.

Microlestes Meyer, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., Vol. I., p. 197, 1884, cannot be used on account of the prior introduction of the name by Schmidt-Goebel (Heifer’s Samml., Vol. I., p. 41, 1846), Pleininger (in Wurtt. Jahr. Ber. 1847), and Brown (Index Pal., p. 725, 1848).

I therefore introduce Arfakornis with Microlestes arfaldanus Meyer as type.

It is well known that the code of the American Ornithologists’ Union differs from the International Code, in that the latter would compel the usage of “ one letterism ” in differentiating valid generic names, whereas the former does not. With that quaint but well-known American idea of progressivism, the American Ornithologists’ Union have subscribed to the International Commission’s Opinions while not observing the Code. It would now appear they do not wish to accept that Code, but hope to amend it to agree with their own : during the interval they still adhere to their own Rules. It is now quite speculative as to the result, but the trend is in favour of the Americans. I profess to follow the International Code in its entirety and am accepting the Opinions as now rendered : these all suggest that “ one letterism ” will be abolished.

To provide for that state of affairs, I propose the following names :—

Austropüta, nom. nov.,

for Coloburis Cabanis und Heine, Mus. Hein., Vol. II., p. 3, 1859 : type, Pitta strepitans, Temminck = Pitta versicolor Swainson ; not

Colobura Billberg, Enum. Insect., p. 19, 1820.

Colobura Blanchard, in Gay’s Chili, Vol. V., p. 511, 1851 ;

not Coloburus Dumeril, in Inst, de le Mem., Vol. XXIII., p. 399, 1853.

Megapodargus, nom. nov.,

for Cyphorhina Lesson, Echo du Monde Savant, 10th year, no. 1, col. 1068, June 15, 1843: type, Podargus papuensis Quoy et Gaimard ;

not Cyphirhinus Schoenherr, Cure. disp, méth., p. 276, 1826.

Amimeta, nom. nov.,

for Mimeta Vigors and Horsfield 1827, proposed for Mimetes King 1826 ;

not Mimetes Eschscholtz, Mém. 1’ Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersb. 1818,

or Huebner, Verz bekannt Schmett, p. 210, 1822.

Manopsitta, nom. nov.,

for Opopsitta Sclater 1860 :

used in error for Cyclopsitta Auct. Type, Cyclopsitta coxeni Gould.

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS TO MY REFERENCE LIST.

By Gregory' M. Mathews.

A recent revision of my “ Reference List ” has revealed quite a number of overlooked names. Many of these appear to be nomina nuda, but as I have traced some to their original introduction, it seems best to put all on record so that they can be kept in view, and perhaps one by one eliminated, as possible disturbing factors in the nomenclature of Australian birds.

61. Add as synonym—

Columba lawsoni “ Sieber ” Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av., Vol. II., p. 90, 1855 : nom. nudum.

317. SULA SERRATOR DYOTTI, Subsp. n.

Australian Gannet.

Differs from Sula senator senator Gray, in having the buff on the back of the head much less pronounced. Type, Tasmania, 10th December, 1899.

Range, East and West Australia.

337. Add as synonym—

Falco canus “ Lath MS.” Gray, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Vol. XI., p. 189, 1843 : nom. nudum.

340. Add as synonym—

Falco macrodactylus “ Teinm.” Gray, Handl. Gen. Sp. Birds, pt. I., p. 34, 1869: nom. nudum.

383. Add as synonym—

Falco glaucopis “ Lath. MS.” Gray, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Vol. XI., p. 189, 1843 : nom. nudum.

396. Add as synonym—

Strix megaera Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av., Vol. 1 , p. 51, 1850: nom. nudum.

.518. Add as synonyms—

Caprimulgus podargus Dumont, Diet. Sci. Nat., Vol. XIV., p. 504, 1810 : new name for Podargus cinereus Vieillot.

Podargus gigas Nitzsch, Syst. Rterylog., p. 125, 1840 : nom. nudum.

Caprimulgus crassirostris Pelzcln, Ibis 1873, p. 107 : nom. nudum.

548. Add as synonyms—

Dacelo cervicalis Kaup, Familie Eisvogel, p. 8, 1848 : errer for I), cervina.

Dacelo salusii “ Homb. et J.” Gray, Handl. Gen. Sp. Birds, Vol. I., p. 89 ; Port Essington, Northern Territory.

563. Add as synonyms—

Merops tenuipennis ou M. thouini Dumont, Diet. Sci. Nat., Vol. XX., p. 52, 1821 ; New South Wales.

Merops lewini “ Aliq.” Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av., Vol. i., p. 162, 1850 : nom. nudum.

Merops modestus Oustalet, Bull. Hebdom. Assoc. Sci, France, Vol. XXI., p. 248, 1878 ; D’Urville Island, New Guinea.

565. Add as synonym—

Caprimulgus albimaculatus “ Cuv.” Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av., Vol. I., p. 62, 1850 : nom. nudum. and alter to—

Eurostopodtts mystacalis, which must be used for species-name, as Temminck’s name was published in 1826 and Vigors and Horsfield’s publication did not appear until 1827.

580, Add as synonym—

Cuculus viridirufus “ Temm.” Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av., Vol. I., p. 103, 1850 : nom. nudum.

617.    Alter to—

Petrochelidon nigricans caleyi, subsp. n. Differs from P. n. nigricans Vieillot (from Tasmania) in its smaller size and much whiter under-surface.

Type, Albury, New South Wales, October, 1903. Range, Queensland ; New South Wales ; Victoria.

618.    Alter to—

Petrochelidon nigricans nigricans.

In the “ Reference List ” “ New South Wales ” was selected as type-locality of Hirundo nigricans Vieillot, the original description giving only “ Nouvelle-Hollande.” New South Wales was the type-locality of Hirundo pyrrhonota Vigors and Horsfield, and Collocalia arborea Gould was also supposed to have been founded upon birds from New South Wales.

Lesson, however, in L’Echo du Monde Savant, writing With knowledge of the locality of Hirundo nigricans Vieillot, definitely gives “ Hobart Town, Tasmania ” ; while Stone (Austral Av. Ree., Voi. I., p. 154, 1913) has informed us that the type of Collocalia arborea Gould also came from Tasmania. This leaves the New South Wales bird nameless as, though Vigors and Horsfield certainly described Hirundo pyrrhonota from that locality, their name is unavailable, being preoccupied by Vieillot.

As a synonym of 618, must be noted—

Herse pygialis “ Temm.” Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av., Voi. I., p. 340, 1850 : nom. nudum.

631a. Alter to—

Petroica multicolor halmaturina.

Petroica leggìi, subsp. halmaturina, A. G. Campbell, Emu, Voi. V., pp. 140, 141, 1906 ; Kangaroo Island.

I have to sincerely thank the Editors of the Emu (Voi. XII., p. 270 (footnote) 1913) for kindly drawing

D

my attention to my oversight of A. G. Campbell’s nomination of this and some other Kangaroo Island birds.

686. Add as synonyms—

Laniarius albicollis Vieillot, Nouv. Diet. d’Hist. Nat., Vol. XIII., p. 299, 1817 ; New South Wales.

Turdus lunularis Stephen’s, in Shaw’s Gen. Zool., Vol. XIII., pt. ii., p. 200, 1826 ; New South Wales.

692a. Add—

Pachycephala pectoralis halmaturina. Kangaroo Island White-throated Thickhead. Pachycephala halmaturina A. G. Campbell, Emu, Vol. V., p. 140, 1906 ; Kangaroo Island.

Range, Kangaroo Island, South Australia.

Synonym—

Pachycephala intermedia “ North ” A. G. Campbell Emu, Vol. V., p. 142 : nom. nudum.

695. Add as synonyms—

Turdus prasinus (not Sparrman 1789) Latham, Inde: Ornith., Suppl., p. xli , 1801 : New South Wales.

Laniarius rubrigaster Vieillot, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat, Vol. XIII., p. 300, 1817 ; New South Wales.

707. Add as synonyms—

Muscicapa flavigastra Latham, Index Ornith., Suppl p. Hi., 1801 ; New South Wales.

Sylvia flavigastra Latham, Index Ornith., Suppl., p. liv 1801 ; New South Wales.

736. Add as synonym—

Myiagra grisea Jacquinot et Pucheran, Voy. Pole Su< Zool., Voi. III., p 78, 1853 ; Port Essington, Northe Territory.

765. Add as synonym—•

Colluricincla coccinea “ Hutton ” Giebel, Thes. Ornith., Vol. III., p. 797, 1877 : error for C. concinna Hutton.

774.    Alter to—

LaLAGE LEUCOMELA RUFIVENTURIS.

Campephaga (rufiventris) Gray, Genera Birds, Vol. I., p. 283, 1846 ; Raffles Bay, Northern Territory.

775.    Alter to—

Orthonyx maculatus maculatus.

0. maculatus Stephens was published in 1826, whereas

0. temmincldi Vigors and Horsfield did not appear until 1827.

776.    Alter to—

Orthonyx maculatus chandleri.

838a. Add—

Turdus lunulatus halmaturinus.

Kangaroo Island Ground-Thrush.

Geocichla lunulata, subsp. halmaturina, A. G. Campbell, Emu, Vol. V., p. 140, 1906 ; Kangaroo Island.

Range, Kangaroo Island, South Australia.

936. Add as synonym—

Motacilla cyanea Cook, Voy. Pac. Ocean, Vol. I., p. 109, 1784 : nom. nudum.

In the place noted the following sentence occurs : “ [At Adventure Bay, Tasmania] there are also three or four small birds, one of which is of the thrush kind : and another small one, with a pretty long tail, has part of the head and neck of a most beautiful azure colour, from whence we named it motacilla cyanea.” This reference does not seem to have been previously noted.

Latham, in the General Synops Birds, Vol. II., pt. 2, p. 501, 1783, gave a plate of the Superb Warbler (pi. liii.) and a beautiful description under that name, quoting

at the beginning “ Motacilla cyanea, Ellis's Narr., p. 22.” I have shown that Ellis’s introduction can only be cited as a nomen nudum, but probably it should be quoted from Latham where it is given “ Inhabits Van Diemen’s Land.”

1005. Add as synonym—

Turdus badius Latham, Index Ornith., Suppl., p. xli., 1801 ; New South Wales.

1006a. Alter to—

COLLURICINCLA HARMONICA HALMATURINA. Collyriocincla harmonica, subsp. halmaturina, A. G. Campbell, Emu, Vol. V., p. 139, 1906 ; Kangaroo Island.

1015. Add as synonym—

Colluricincla turdoides Jacquinot et Pucheran, Voy. Pole Sud., Zool., Vol. III., p. 61, pi. 6, fig. 3, 1853 Raffles Bay, Northern Territory.

1015c. Add—

Colluricincla parvula omissa, subsp. n. Melville Island Little Shrike-Thrush.

Differs from C. p. parimla Gould (from Port Essington: typical specimens in the British Museum) in its much greyer coloration above and in its much paler coloration below.

Type, Melville Island, 25th October, 1911.

Range, Melville Island, Northern Territory.

1021. Add as synonym—

Merops picatus Shaw, Gen. Zocl., Vol. VIII., p. 165, 1812 ; New South Wales.

1073. Alter to—

Neositta pileata napieri, nom. nov.

For Neositta pileata broomei Mathews, Austral Av. Rec, Vol. I., p 95, 1912, not Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIIL, p. 380

1912.

1089. Add as synonym—

Certhia leucoptera “ Vieill.” Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av.. Vol. I., p. 225, 1850 : nom. nudum.

1121. Add as synonym—

Pardalotus australis Stephens, in Shaw’s Gen. Zool , Vol. XIII , pt. n., p. 252, 1826 ; New South Wales.

1179 Add as synonym—

Philedon aurifrons Lesson, Traité d’Orn., p. 301, 1830 : error for P. rubrifrons Lesson.

1185 Add as synonym—

Glyciphila goiddi Layard, Proc Zool Soc (Lond ) 1878. p. 655 : new name for G. fasciata, Gould.

1195. Add as synonyms—

Turdus squameus Vieillot, Nouv. Diet. d’Hist. Nat., Vol. XX., p. 259, 1818 ; New South Wales.

Turdus squamatus “ Vieill.” Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av., Vol. I., p. 391, 1830 : error for T. squameus Vieillot.

1222. Add as synonym—    .

Ptilotis trivirgata “ Verr.” Gray, Handl. Gen. Sp. Birds, pt. i., p. 156, 1869 : nom. nudum.

1233. Add as synonyms—

Muscicapa australis “ Lath. MS.” Strickland, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Vol. XI., p. 336, 1843 : nom. nudum.

Muscicapa novaehollandiae “ Lath. MS.” (not Latham, 1790) Strickland, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Vol. XI., p. 336, 1843 : nom nudum.

1276a. Add—

Meliornis novaehollandiae halmaturinus. Kangaroo Island White-bearded Honey-Eater. Meliornis novaehollandiae, subsp. halmaturina, A. G. Campbell, Emu, Vol. V., p. 140, 1906 ; Kangaroo Island. Range, Kangaroo Island, South Australia.

1282. Add as synonym—

Philedon eupogon “ Licht.” Burmeister, Verzn. Zool. Mus. Halle, 1850, p. 30 : nom. nudum.

1299. Add as synonym—

Certhia goruck Bechstein, Kurze Uebers Vogel., p. 198, 1811; New South Wales.

1392. Add as synonym—

Sphecotheres asturinus “ Geoff.” Gray, Handl. Gen. Sp. Birds, pt. i., p. 291, 1869 : nom. nudum.

1416. Add as synonym—

Oriolus regius “ Temm.” Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Ay., Voi. I., p. 349, 1850 : error for “ 0. regens.”

1429. Add as synonym—

Corvus affinis Brehm (not Bechstein 1811), Isis 1845 p. 357 ; New South Wales.

1433. Add as synonym—

Barita strepens “ Merr.” Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av.. Voi. I., p. 367, 1850 : nom. nudum.

1438. Add as synonyms—

Streperà cinerea “ Gould ” Strickland, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Voi. XI., p. 335, 1843 : new name for “ Corvus versicolor Latham.”

Corvus fuliginosus (not Coronica fuliginosa Gould 1837) Brehm, Isis 1845, p. 357 ; New South Wales.

Note.—Streperà cinerea Gould was unknown to me when Stone wrote up the Australian Gouldian specie! (Austral Av. Ree., Voi. I., pp. 129, 180, 1913) and wa apparently never utilized by Gould after the entrane given.

App. p. 449, No. 15. Alter to—

Lalage leucopyga leucopyga.

The species-name used was based on Muscicapa naevia Gmelin, Syst. Nai,., p. 994, 1789 ; New Caledonia : but Oberholser (Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 1899, p. 214) has pointed out that this is preoccupied by Boddaert, Tabl. Planch. Enlum., p. 34, 1783, and that Lalage montrosieri Verreaux et Des Murs, Rev. Mag. de Zool. 1860, p. 431, would replace it for the New Caledonian bird.    This leaves Gould’s leucopygus as the oldest

name in the group, and this consequently becomes the species-name.

Extra-limital species-name.

While compiling the preceding, I noted that for a New Caledonian bird the name Eopsaltria flavigaster Verreaux would appear to be in common use. In the Handlist, Sharpe amended this to E. flaviventris for the sake of purism only. I have examined the species and it seems to be a true Eopsaltria, using that genus-name in its most restricted sense. The type of Eopsaltria is Motacilla australis White, which name is given priority over Todus flavigaster Latham, though both appeared in the same year. Latham afterwards named this bird Sylvia flavigastra and also Muscicapa flavigastra, all independently given. It is quite possible that Latham’s name might come into use, but in any case Verreaux’s name would appear to be untenable. I would therefore propose that Eopsaltria flavigaster Verreaux (not Latham) be re-named as—

Eopsaltria verreauxi, nom. nov.

Sharpe’s emendation, given for purist reasons only, cannot be considered, as Latham’s name is open to the same kind of emendation.

A NEW LIST OF THE BIRDS OF AUSTRALIA.

By Gregory M. Mathews.

The preceding “ Additions and Corrections ” complete those based on my “ Reference List ” published in the Nov. Zool., Vol. XVIII., January, 1912. The whole of those published in the Austral Avian Record since that date, including the new genera published therein as well as all the corrections made in my Birds of Australia, have now been incorporated into a List of the Birds of Australia, which will be published in a few weeks’ time. This List will include all the synonyms I have yet traced, and I also give generic synonyms so that easy reference to all that has been done regarding Australian Ornithology will be possible. It will include all the subspecies hitherto named, grouped together under a binomial species-name : by this means the number of specific forms admitted can be quickly observed, and in cases where the typical subspecies is an extra-limital one, that fact is noted and the original reference and type-locality are given in brackets. As Appendices will be given “ Lists of Hypothetical Species ” as regards Australia, “ Indeterminable or Undetermined Species,” as well as a “ List of the Birds of the Phillipian Sub-Region.” I hope this List will prove indispensable to every working ornithologist, whatever his views may be, and I am certain that diligent application will increase the interest of every Australian worker in his favourite study. The immensity of the work to be done in connection with the Australian Avifauna, the wonderful problems regarding distribution to be solved, the modes of dispersal of the many subspecies, can only be fully brought home to the diligent student of such a List, as it was strongly so to myself while engaged in the laborious task of compilation. The List will appear in small 4to with very large margin for notes and corrections. The nomenclature there utilized is that which will be used in all my future writings.

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Editor

GREGORY M. MATHEWS

Price 1/6 Net

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Vol. II., No. 4.


December 29th, 1913.

NEW SPECIES AND SUBSPECIES OF AUSTRALIAN BIRDS.

By Gregory M. Mathews.

(The pages are those of my List of the Birds of Australia.)

p. 12. Reginopus, gen. nov.

Type, Ptilinopus ewingii Gould.

p. 111. Falco hypoleucus ashbyi.

Eastern Grey Falcon.

This new subspecies differs from F. h. hypoleucus Gould in being darker above and light blue-grey on the under-surface—not white ; all the feathers have a dark centre-line. The tail is barred.

Type, South Australia.

Gould figured the bird from West Australia beautifully in his Birds of Australia. This plate he afterwards cancelled, and later figured the birds collected by Captain Sturt at the Depot, South Australia. Those who, like myself, have the cancelled plate, can see the difference by comparing the two.

A g53lbx CT

p. 114. Spiloglaux boobook clelandi.

Flinders Island Spotted Owl.

Differs from S. b. maculata in being very much darker brown, altogether lacking the reddish colour above. The tail is blackish with the bars almost obsolete. Type, Flinders Island. 23rd November, 1912. Collected by Dr. J. B. Cleland.

p. 114. Spiloglaux boobook leachi.

Victorian Spotted Owl.

Differs from S. b. maculata in its larger size.

Type, Victoria.

p. 114. Spiloglaux boobook tregellasi.

Victorian Boobook Owl.

Differs from S. b. marmorata in its much darker general coloration.

Type, Frankston Victoria, 13-4-1909.

p. 114. Spiloglaux boweei.

Brown Owl.

Differs from all subspecies of “ boobook.’’ Upper-surface uniform deep brown, darker on the head. Tail uniform brown without any trace of bars either above or below, wing-coverts like the back, scapulars with a large white spot on the outer web. Primaries quite brown with obsolete bars. Under-surface deep chocolate-brown, spotted with white ; chin white, under tail-coverts chestnut-brown, with twin white spots and tipped with dark brown ; feathers round the bill as in other species, under wing-coverts brown with white spots, quills light brown with large white spots on the inner webs. Length 340 mm. ; culmen 17, wing 221, tail 127, tarsus 43.

Type, Petersons Pocket, Cairns, North Queensland, 19-12-1884.

p. 128. Eclectus pectoralis macgillivrayi. Red-sided Parrot.

Differs from E. p. pectoralis Miiller in its much greater size. Total length 500 mm. ; culmen 45, wing 296, tail 180, tarsus 27.

Type, Pascoe River, North Queensland, 17-9-1913.

p. 130. NORTHIELLA HiEMATOGASTER ZANDA.

Red-vented Parrot.

Differs from N. h. hcematogaster Gould in having a splash of red on the wing-coverts, and the vent and under-tail coverts deep red.

Type, Moree, New South Wales, October, 1907.

p. 176. PCECILODRYAS SUPERCILIOSA DERBYII.

Allied Buff-sided Robin.

Differs from P. s. belcheri in having the fore-head brown instead of blackish, and in having more white on the outer tail-feathers.

Type, Derby, North-west Australia, 16-9-1906.

p. 180. Alisterornis lanioides carnarvoni. Carnarvon White-bellied Thickhead.

This new subspecies differs from A. 1. lanoides Gould in having a much thinner bill; the immature male is much darker above with a distinct greenish tinge; the under-surface is more buff, and the dark shaft-lines are much more pronounced.

Type, Carnarvon, Mid-west Australia, 29-9-13. Collected by Mr. Tom Carter.

This important discovery extends the range of the species from Carnarvon, Mid-west Australia, northwards round to the Gulf of Carpentaria, in Queensland.

p. 183. Eopsaltria australis griseogularis.

Allied Grey-breasted Shrike-Robin.

Is a good subspecies.

p. 212. Origmella, gen. nov. Type, Sylvia solitaria Lewin.

To replace Origma Gould 1838, not Orygma Meigen 1830.

p. 214. Acanthiza pusilla samueli.

Myponga Tit.

Differs from A. p. hamiltoni in being much darker brown above and in having the vent and flanks of the same colour.

Type, Myponga, South Australia, 20-3-1912.

p. 215. Acanthiza inornata carnarvoni.

Carnarvon Tit.

This new subspecies differs from A. i. rnastersi North in being lighter above and in having the feathers of the fore-head much whiter at the tip, and in having a distinct greenish tint on the wing-coverts and back. Wing 54 mm., culmen 7, tarsus 15.

Type, Carnarvon, Mid-west Australia, 13-8-13. Collected by Mr. Tom Carter.

p. 215. Acanthiza inornata strellyi.

Strelly River Tit.

This new subspecies differs from A. i. inornata Gould in being darker above and in having the tips of the feathers on the fore-head much less distinctly tipped with whitish. Wing 49 mm., culmen 9, tarsus 18.

Type, Strelly River, Mid-west Australia, September, 1907.

Collected by Dr. J. B. Cleland.

p. 218. Geobasileus chrysorrhous normantoni. Gulf Yellow-rumped Tit.

Differs from G. c. chrysorrhous in having a longer bill, and in being more yellow underneath and more greenish-brown above.

Type, Normanton, Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland. Collected by Mr. Robin Kemp, 2-10-1913.

p. 243. Cracticus nigrogttlaris territori.

Little Pied Butcher-Bird.

Differs from C. n. picata in its smaller size and narrower black band on the back.

Type, Mount Shoobridge, Northern Territory, 13-1-1894.

p. 256. Pardalotus melanocephaltts sedani.

Pale Black-headed Pardalotus.

Differs from P. m. barroni in being much paler above and the flanks much darker.

Type, Cloncurry River, Queensland, 4-3-10.

Range, Northern Territory and Queensland.

p. 274. Meliphaga sonora westwoodia.

Queensland Singing Honey-eater.

Differs from M. s. joresti in being larger and darker. Type, Westwood, Queensland, October, 1881.

p. 280. Lichenostomus plumulus gracemeri. Northern Yellow-fronted Honey-eater.

Differs from L. p. graingeri in being lighter and smaller and in having the black on the ear-coverts more extensive. Type, Gracemere, Queensland, 14-5-1881.

Range, Queensland and Northern Territory.

p. 280. Ptit.otiila flavescens zanda.

Gulf Yellow-tinted Honey-eater.

Differs from P. /. melvillensis Mathews in being less striped on the chest, and lighter in colour and build. Type, Normanton, Gulf of Carpentaria.

Collected by Mr. R. Kemp, 9-10-13.

p. 300. Lonchura thorpei, sp. n.

Fitzroy River Finch.

Differs from the female of L. c. castaneithorax Gould in being much larger and in having the upper- and undersurface darker, the throat brown, and in lacking the light shaft-streaks to the feathers on the ear-coverts. Length 100 mm. ; culmen 9, wing 58, tail 31, tarsus 16, middle toe without claw, 15.

Type, Fitzroy River, North-west Australia, 17-5-1913,

p. 310. Chlamydera maculata macdonaldi

Macdonald Ranges Yellow-spotted Bower-Bird. Differs from C. m. suhguttata in being darker and in having a much smaller bill.

Type, McDonald Ranges, Central Australia.

p. 310. Chlamydera maculata sedani.

Cloncurry Spotted Bower-Bird.

Differs from C. m. maculata in being much lighter, and with the frill on the neck of quite a pinkish colour. Type, Gloncurry River, Queensland, 25-2-10.

p. 315. Strepera graculina ash byi.

Victorian Crow-Shrike.

Differs from 8. g. graculina in its smaller size and lighter colour.

Type, Black Spur, Victoria, 8-5-1901.

p. 316. Neostrepera versicolor riordani.

Geelong Crow-Shrike.

Differs from N. v. arguta in having a smaller bill and wing.

Type, Geelong, Victoria, 29-4-13.

In the Austral Avian Record, Vol. II., p. 58, 1913, lines 9 and 20—for Hijlocharis, read Hyloterpe.

In the List of the Birds of Australia, p. 314—Corvus cecilce marngli was described in the Austral Avian Record, Vol. I., p. 52, not Nov. Zoo!., Vol. XVIII., as given.

p. 142 : the tvpe-locality of Podargus strigoides gouldi. Masters, is Kimberley, Norman River, Gulf of Carpentaria, which is also the type-locality of Wilsonaris Icevigaster mastersi Sharpe, p. 173.

I believe the type-locality of Mdiphaga versicolor Gould (p. 275) is Cape York, Queensland. I have never seen a specimen from the Northern Territory.









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AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

VOL. II. No. 5.

ISSUED IN CONNEXION WITH THE

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Editor

GREGORY M. MATHEWS

Price 1/6 Net

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THE


AUSTRAL

RECORD.


A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA.

Vol. II., No. 5.

September 24th, 1914.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

The Genus-name Mathewsia ... ...

... 81

Additions to my List .........

... 83

Geopelia shortridgei .........

... 108

New Genera ... ... ... ...

... no

Notes on Kermadec Island Birds ...

... 113

Plumage Changes ............

... 115

ON THE GENUS-NAME MATHEWSIA.

By Tom Iredale.

Some three years ago I proposed the above genus name for the group commonly called Antigone Reichenbach, arguing that that name was preoccupied. I searched the Nomenclators, and accepting the International Rules and Recommendations, considered my name unassailable, as no prior use was indicated.

Recently I have noted that a genus of Coleóptera had been named Matthewsia by Saulcy (Catal. Coleop., Vol. II., p. 745, 1868) and a Matthewsium (Flach, Verb. Zool. bot. Wien, Vol. XXXIX., p. 494) also existed.

Though there can be no argument that these names are different, having been introduced to honour different workers, the differences are too slight for practical purposes. Therefore, abrogating the recommendation as suggested by the American Ornithologists’ Union

A &52>(bx L

82 THE AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD [Voi. II.

throughout their Check-list and inserted in their Code, I introduce

Mathewsena

to replace my own Mathewsia and retain as type Ardea rubicunda Perry.

A note by Prof. Brasil, and my reply, regarding this name was printed in this Journal (Voi. I., pp. 122-3, 1912), and a quaint coincidence seems worth quoting. The offending Antigona Schumacher was at that time considered a “ useless synonym ; it has since, through a series of complications, been revived, and it has fallen to my lot to show that it can be validly utilised as the only available name for a genus of mollusks. It is open to authors now to consider whether the amendment to Antigone proposed by Gray should be used, and if this were to be accepted the invalidity of Reichenbach’s introduction would be finally settled.

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS TO MY LIST OF THE BIRDS OF AUSTRALIA.

By G. M. Mathews.

As must be anticipated by every student, a few corrections to tlie nomenclature utilised in my most recent List still keep cropping up ; this is a natural result of progressive work : no additions or corrections would indicate stagnation and lifelessness. Nevertheless these are obviously becoming fewer, and the upheavals of small account. A most unfortunate oversight has caused the displacement of some familiar names, but it is unlikely that such a case will occur again. I refer to a paper by Pucheran entitled “ Mémoire sur les types peu connus de Passereaux dentirostres de la collection du Musée de Paris.” This was the last of a series of articles dealing with the types of Cuvier, Vieillot, and Lesson, and was published in the Archives du Museum d’Histoire naturelle, Vol. VIL, whereas the others, which I had studied, appeared in the Revue Mag. de Zool. Though this was a most important paper to Australians, it was not utilised in the preparation of the Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum by authors dealing with Australian birds, though those uorking on South American groups made full use of it.*

Study of the ornithological articles in the Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles (Levrault) has revealed half a dozen overlooked synonyms and one unpleasant alteration, while reference to works on Australian exploration lias enabled the recognition of type localities liitherto unknown of some species.

p. 9. Turnix maculosa melanota.

In this Journal, Vol. I., p. 133, 1913, Stone and I gave details of the loss of the type specimen and

* Hellmayr has just published a memoir on the Birds of Timor (Zool. von Timor Lief 1, 1914), and this paper seems to have escaped his notice also, as he does not discuss the birds credited to Timor in this account by Pucheran.

Gould’s memo. “ that he had described it from Moreton Bay, Queensland, noting that he had received specimens since from the eastern and northern parts of Australia.”

Stokes (Discov. in Austr., Vol. II., p. 25!), 1846) wrote : “ Mr. Bynoe (June 1841) was fortunate enough to procure . . . one specimen of a bird of the same genus as one of the Abrolhos, generally called a quail, but with this difference, that it only lays four eggs, whereas quails lay fourteen or fifteen. It is known to the colonists as the Painted Quail; and has been called by Mr. Gould, from the specimen we got on Booby Island, Hcemipodius melinatus.” I have noted this as Gould had described the bird three years before Stokes’s specimen was killed.

p. xxv., Additions. Here I added the genus Globicem and doubtfully indicated as an Australian bird, which I had recognised from North Queensland.

Carpophaga* lepida Cassin. The bird I had was certainly a subspecies of Globicera pacifica (Gmelin) and I sent it to Philadelphia for comparison with Cassins types there preserved. Mr. Stone returned it with the comment that it was quite different from Cassin’s birds which Salvadori had correctly placed under the species Globicera rubicera Bonaparte, and that the locality had never been doubted.

I therefore describe my Queensland bird as

Globicera pacifica queenslandica, subsp. nov.

Differs from G. p. pacifica in the darker grey of the head and hind neck, which is much more restricted; and the coloration of the under-parts being vinous, obscured by bluish, this colour becoming more marked

* Though the genus name Carpophaga Selby, 1835, was shown to be preoccupied by Carpophaga Billberg, 1828, six years ago (Richmond, P.U.S. Nat. Mus., Vol. XXXV., p. 596, 1908), such accurate workers as Hartert, Nov. Zool., Vol. XXI., 1914, p. 209, and Hellmayr, Zool. Timor Avifauna, Vol. I., 1914, pp. 86, 87, still persist in its usage, though no reason for such use can be profitably urged. It may be that this incorrect use is simply due to carelessness, but I do not wish to urge this view.

on the flanks and sides : the upper coloration being paler bronze green.

Type, Mackay, North Queensland.

And the additions must be altered to—

Globicera PACIFICA.

[Globicera pacifica pacifica.

Columba pacifica Gmelin, Syst. Nat., p. 777, 1789 : Friendly Islands.    Extra limital.]

Globicera pacifica queenslandica. Queensland Pigeon.

• Globicera pacifica queenslandica Mathews, supra; iMackay, North Queensland.

Range, North Queensland.

Globicera rubricera.

Globicera rubricera rubricera.

[Globicera rubricera Bonaparte, Comptes Rendus Sci. Paris, Voi. XXXIX., p. 1073, 1854 (Dee.). New Ireland.

Extra limital.]

Globicera rubricera lepida. Australian Red-cered Pigeon.

Carpophaga lepida Cassin, Proe. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 1854, p. 230, 1855 ; Northern Australia.

Range, Northern Australia.

p. 17. Add as synonym to Chalcophaps chryso-ciilora longirostris Gould Chalcophaps chrysochlora Imelrillensis Zietz, South Austr. Ornith., Vol. I., p. 12, 1914, Melville Island.

p 25. Porzanoidea plumbea campbelli, subsp. n.

Differs from P. p. immaculata in its lighter coloration, both above and below. It is the smallest subspecies. Type, Botany Swamps, New South Wales.

p. 23. The type locality of Eulabeornis castaneo-ventris Gould has always been a source of trouble, the vague “ Gulf of Carpentaria ” meaning so little. It was

therefore with great pleasure that I noted the following account in Stokes Discov. in Australia, Vol. II., p. 263: “ Bold Point, Gulf of Carpentaria. The birds we had not before seen were a large dark brown species of rail, so wary that I could never get within shot of it.

p. 284. Disaster Inlet, Gulf of Carpentaria. The rare large brown rail was frequently observed at low water, running along the edge of the mangroves, too wary, however, as before, to be shot.

p. 305. Near Flinders River, Gulf of Carpentaria. In one of the reaches, I was fortunate enough to shoot a specimen of the large wary brown-coloured rail I have before mentioned. From this, the only one obtained, it has been described as Eulabeornis castaneoventris.”

p. 319. Add Fregetta tropica australis, subsp. n.

Differs from F. t. melanogaster Gould in its larger size.

F. t. melanogaster, wing 157, tarsus 35.

F. t. australis, wing 164, tarsus 43.

Type, New Zealand.

Have any examples of this bird been killed in Australia ?

p. 32. Fregettornis royanus, sp. n.

Entire plumage sooty black, darkest on the upper tail-coverts. Wings and tail black. A large subterminal band of white is noticeable on the undersurface and the upper tail-coverts, on examining the feathers. Tail square. Total length 225 mm., culmen 13. wing 160, tail 79, tarsus 35.

Type, Lord Howe Island. 3rd March, 1914.

p. 47. Sterna striata yorki. subsp. n.

Northern White-fronted Tern.

Differs from S. s. melanorhyncha in having the four outer primaries dark brown, except for a small portion of the inner web, the outer web of the outer tail-feather rather lighter in colour. It is also smaller.

S. s. melanorhyncha, wing 272, culmen 41, tarsus 21.

S. s. yorki, wing 260, culmen 35, tarsus 18.

Type, Cape York, North Queensland.

p. 58. Pagoa leschenaultii must replace Pagoa geoffroyi.

The latter name has been preferred on the score of priority, as Charadrius geoffroyi Wagler, 1827, was one year earlier than Charadrius leschenaultii Lesson, 1828. The tables are now turned, as I find that Lesson monographed the Plovers in the Diet. Sci. Nat. (Levrault), Vol. XLII., published in 1826. Consequently the earliest reference to Charadrius sanguineus Lesson should read Diet. Sci. Nat. (Levrault), Vol. XLII., p. 35, 1826 : this name appears in the synonymy of Cirrepidesmus to. mongolus in my List (p. 58) ; the earliest reference to Charadrius taitensis Lesson should read Diet. Sci. Nat. (Levrault), Vol. XLII., p. 35, 1826 : this name is a synonym of Pluvialis dominicus fulvus of my List (p. 57) ; while Charadrius marginatus Lesson (a synonym of Leucopolius rufica.pillus ruficapillus of my List, p. 59) must also be quoted. Diet. Sci. Nat. (Levrault), Vol. XLII., p. 25, 1826.

The prime reference in the present case reads—

Charadrius leschenaultii Lesson, Diet. Sci. Nat. (Levrault), Vol. XLII., p. 36, 1826. Pondicherry, India.

An extra limital correction would seem to be the acceptance of Charadrius duvaucelii Lesson, Diet. Sci. Nat. (Levrault), Vol. XLII., p. 38, 1826; Calcutta, in place of the commonly preferred Charadrius ventralis Wagler, Syst. Avium. Charad., p. 59, 1827 ; a member of the genus Hoplopoterus of the Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., Vol. XXIV.

p. 60. Elseyornis, nom. nov. must replace Elseya Mathews,

I introduced the latter name in the Birds of Australia, Vol. II., pp. 125, 135, 1913, for Charadrius melanops Vieillot, but through an unfortunate oversight did not recognise its invalidity by its prior use by Grandidier, Revue de Zoo]., p. 232, 1867. The species name must read Elseyornis melanops, the two subspecies admitted being Elseyornis m. melanops and E. m. russatus.

p. 76. To the synonymy of Austbotis a. australis add Otis novœhollandiæ Leichhardt, Journ. Overl. Exp. Austr., p. 260, 1847 ; nomen nudum.

p. 77. Mathewsena Iredale. This Vol. ante, p. 82, must replace

Mathewsia of the same writer.

The species name will be Mathewsena rubicunda and the subspecies Mathewsena r. rubicunda and M. r. argentea. To the synonymy of the former add—

Grus antarctica, Illiger, Abhandl. Ak. Wissen Munch., p. 230, 1816 : New South Wales.

p. 78. Under the species Plegadis falcinellus add brackets to the reference given and then add—

Plegadis falcinellus peregrinus. Australian Glossy Ibis.

Ibis peregrina Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av., Vol. II., p. 159, 1855 : Celebes.

Range, Australia and Tasmania. Extra limitai, p. 80. To the synonymy of the genus Egretta add—-Herodias Boie, Isis 1822, p. 559. Type, A. garzetta Linné.

p. 81. Casmerodius Gloger must replace Herodias Boie.

The reviewer in the Auk, Vol. XXXI., p. 410, July, 1914, has pointed out that prior to Gray’s designation in 1855 of Ardea egretta as type of Herodias the same

author had in 1841 (List Genera Birds, 2nd Ed., p. 80) selected A. garzetta as type and that the prior designation must be accepted. This usage is, of course, consistent with my oft-expressed principles and its abrogation was entirely due to an oversight, and I thank the reviewer in the Auk for drawing my attention to this matter. The reviewer suggested as an alternative Leucophoyx Sharpe, proposed in 1894, but I find a better substitute in Casmerodius Gloger, Hand. u-Hilfsb., p. 412, 1842, introduced half a century earlier. At the place quoted Gloger independently provided this name for the White Egrets, and mentioned as species A. egreita and A. garzetta. I find no type named until Salvadori (Orn. Papua e Moluc., Vol. III., p. 349, 1882) selected the former. I see no need for rejecting this determination and therefore here use Gloger’s name.

The species will therefore read—

Casmerodius albus and the subspecies Casmerodius albus albus and C. a. syrmatophorus.

p. 83. Nycticorax caledontcus hilli must replace

Nycticorax caledonicus austratasire.

Tn working up the Ardeiformes for my Birds of Australia I recognised that Vieillot, under the names of Ardea novcehollandice and Ardea australasice, had confused the European and Australian Night-Herons and that the description of the adult upon which the names are based applied to the former, the immature probably correctly being Australian birds. These names are therefore invalid for use for the Australian subspecies and the name selected is the only one available.

p. 85. IxOBRYCHUS MINUTUS QTJEEXSLANDICTJS, Subsp. n.

Northern Little Bittern.

Differs from the type I. m. alisteri from Long Bay, Sydney, in being much more shiny black on the back and head and the wing-coverts much more buff.

Type, Kedron Brook, Queensland.

p. 89. Ctenanas, nom. nov., type Leptotarsis eytoni Eyton.

To replace Leptotarsis not Leptotarsus Guerin, Voy. Coq. Zool., Vol. TT.. p. 286, 1831.

Ctenanas eytoni.

p. 94. Biziura lobata menziesi, subsp. n.

Differs from B. 1. lobata in being lighter and the bands on the back being white instead of buff : the lobe is also smaller.

Type, New South Wales, No. 756.

p. 103. Add Leucospiza clara robustus.

Greater Northern Grey Gosshawk.

Astur clams robustus Zietz, South Austr. Ornith., Vol. I., p. 13, 1914; Melville Island.

p. 105. To the synonymy of LTroaetus audax audax add—

Aqnila fuscosa Dumont, Diet. Sci. Nat. (Levrault), Vol. I., Suppl., p. 90, 1817 : New South Wales.

p. 106. Butastur teesa Franklin.

This species should be omitted from the Australian List. It was added by North (Rec. Austr. Mus., Vol. III., p. 87, 1898).

During my recent visit to Sydney, New South Wales, I saw the specimen upon which this record was based. There was no collector’s label upon it, but simply one added upon which is written :    “ Mr. Robert Grant

informs me his brother shot this bird about three years ago at Lithgow, N.S.W.”

This shows how insecure the fact of the occurrence is, but the inadvisability of recognising such was impressed upon me after examining Grant’s collection, as other incorrect labelling was obvious. Thus a specimen of “ Pachycephala dubia Ramsay,” was labelled “ Cairns, Queensland ” ; Ramsay’s specimen was supposed to have come from Cardwell, Queensland, but it was afterwards shown to have been procured in New

Guinea. Apparently Grant’s specimen was labelled to suit the supposed type locality.

I also saw an example of Ægialitis (Charadrius) hiaticola Linné, which was supposed to be Australian killed. Gould recorded this species as Australian, but it was later proved to have been an erroneous locality and no authentic occurrence of this bird is known.

p. 113. Add to synonym of Pandion—

Pandion leucocephalus of Gould is pre-occupied by the same combination of “ N.F.”=(S.D.W.l Analyst., Vol. II., No. xi., p. 305, June 1835.

p. 117. Add Tvto galei Mathews, South Austr. Ornith., Vol. I., pt. ii, p. 12, 1914 ; Pascoe River, North Queensland.

p. 117. Tvto longimembris dombraini, subsp. n.

Differs from T. 1. walleri in being much lighter above, and especially so on the wings. It is also smaller.

T. 1. walleri, <$ wing 315, tarsus 80.

T. 1. dombraini, $ wing 307, tarsus 00.

Type, Victoria.

p. 130. Add as synonym to Aprosmictus erythrop-

TERITS COCCINEOPTERUS Gould-

Aprosmictus erythropterus melvillensis Zietz, South Austr. Ornith., Vol. I.. p. 14    1914; Melville

Island.

p. 140. Pezoporits terrestris dombraini, subsp. n. Southern Ground-Parrot.

Differs from P. t. terrestris in having the green of the back and breast much lighter, and the middle of the abdomen yellow, more as in P. t. flaviventris North.

Type, Glengelly River, S.E. of South Australia.

p. 143. Dissociate Podargus plumiferus Gould from Podargus papuensis Quoy and Gaimard, and admit as a species:—

Cyphorhina plumifera.

p. 148. Add after Cynnalcyon macleayii distinguendus Mathews—

Cyanalcyon macleayii cceruleits.

Northern Forest Kingfisher.

Halcyon macleayii ccendeus Ashby, South Austr. Ornith., Vol. I., p. 20, 1911 ; Port Keats, Northern Territory.

p. 156. Cacomantis castaneiventris biiiagi, subsp. n.

Differs from C. c,. castaneiventris in being much darker on the under-surface.

Type No. 4221 from Bihagi, head of the Mambare River, British New Guinea.

p. 158. Add as synonym to Lamprococcyx m. minutillus Gould-—

Chrysococcyx minutelltjs melvillensis Zietz South Austr. Ornith., Vol. I., p. 14, 1914 ; Melville Island.

p. 160. An earlier reference to Mcenura lyrata is the introduction by Dumont, Diet. Sci. Nat. (Levrault). Vol. XXX., p. 50, 1824 : New South Wales.

p. 169. Pucheran (loc. cit., p. 347) has recognized (Enanthe pectoralis Vieillot, Nouv. Diet. d’Hist., Vol. XXI., p. 436, 1818 : “ Timor ” as equivalent to Petroica bicolor Swainson.

This indicates that the locality is incorrect and that the bird came from Australia. I select New South Wales as the type locality and the name therefore becomes a synonym of Melanodryas cucullata cucullata.

p. 170. Amaurodryas vittata kingi, subsp. n.

Differs from A. v. vittata in having a buff breast instead of a grey one.

Type, King Island.

Range, King Island.

Amaurodryas vittata bassi, subsp. n.

Differs from A. v. vittata in having a very dark undersurface ; it is also darker above.

Type, Barren Island.

Range, Barren Island, Bass Strait.

p. 1.70. Add as synonym to Melanodryas cucullata subpicata Mathews—

Petroica cucullata melvillensis Zietz, South Austr. Ornith., Vol. I., p. 15, 1914 ; Melville Island.

p. 175. PCECILODRYAS SUPERCILIOSA GREGORI, Sllbsp. n.

Differs from P. s. cerviniventris in having the band on the upper breast much lighter, the belly and abdomen white and the sides and flanks much less buff. It is also lighter on the back.

Type, Gregory River,    Queensland. Collected

20th July, 1910.

Range, Western Queensland and Eastern Northern Territory.

p. 176. Quoyornis leucurtts mormani, subsp. n.

Differs from Q. 1. leucurus in being distinctly paler above and lacking the band on the upper breast.

Type, Norman River, North Queensland.

Range, North Queensland.

p. 179. Add as synonym to Pachycephala pectoralis consobrina Mathews—

Pachycephala gutturalis longirostris Zietz, South Austr. Ornith., Vol. I., p. 15, 1914; Melville Island, not Pachycephala longirostris Gould, 1838.

p. 180. Add as synonym to Lewinornis rufiventris falcatus Gould—

Pachycephala rufiventris minor Zietz, South Austr. Ornith., Vol. I., p. 15, 1914 : Melville Island.

p. 182. Pachycephala simplex Gould was published in February, 1843, while Tephrodornis grisola Blyth did not appear before November 1843. By a peculiar lapse the dates were confused and the latter preferred

as the species name. The alterations necessary become : The species name is Muscitrea simplex : Omit all the bracketed .reference and read Muscitrea simplex simplex and Muscitrea simplex riordani as the subspecies names.

p. 182. Add—

Eopsaltria australis austina Mathews, Emu, Vol.

XIV., p. 00, 1914 ; Cobbora, New South Wales.

p. 183. I included Muscicapa griseicapilla Vieillot, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat., Vol. XXI., p. 489, 1818, in the synonymy of Eopsaltria australis australis, selecting New South Wales as the type locality, the erroneous locality Timor being given in the original description.

Pucheran (loc. cit., p. 356) had however determined it as “ Muscicapa gularis Quoy et Gaimard, Eopsaltria gularis Gould.” This determination limits the type locality to West Australia and the most probable place whence it might have come is Shark's Bay. Vieillot’s name would therefore replace Gould’s, as I have noted in this Journal, Vol. II., p. 75, 1913, that this is separable subspecifically from Quoy and Gaimard’s form. The alterations necessary would be—

Omit M. griseicapilla from the synonymy of Eopsaltria australis australis.

Omit Eopsaltria griseigularis from the synonymy of Eopsaltria australis gularis.

Add—

Eopsaltria griseicapilla griseicapilla. Allied Grey-breasted Shrike Robin.

Muscicapa griseicapilla Vieillot, Nouv. Diet. d’Hist. Nat., Vol. XXI., p. 489, 1818 : “ Timor ” (errore) = Sharks Bay, West Australia.

Synonym :

Eopsaltria griseogularis Gould, Synops. Birds Austr., pt. IV., App., p. 2, 1838 : Swan River, West Australia.

Range, mid-West Australia.

And read—

Eopsaltria ortseicapllla rosinæ Mathews.

Eopsaltria griseicapilla gularis Quoy et Gaimard.

pp. 187-188. There is some confusion in the genus Myiagra through the description by Vieillot of Platy-rhynchos ruficollis and P. cyanoleucus. The former I synonymised with Todus rubecula Latham, the latter I had omitted as it was described from Timor. Berlepsch, however (Abhandl. Senckenb. Naturfor. Gesellsch. Bd., XXXIV., 1911), dealing with the Birds of the Aru Islands, on p. 66, used Myiagra ruficollis Vieillot to replace M. latirostris Gould.

I now find that Pucheran (loc. cit., p. 360) had written “ Le type provient de Péron et Lesueur ; il a été également décrit par M. Swainson sous le nom de Myiagra latirostris, et nous ne pensons pas que l’espèce, que M. Gould a dénommée de la même façon que M. Swainson, en soit différente.”

There can therefore be little hesitation in accepting Vieillot’s name, save the lack of a suitable type-locality. Péron et Lesueur did not call at any place on the Australian Continent where this bird now occurs.

Of P. cyanoleucus Pucheran wrote (loc. cit., p. 358) : “ Nos types sont encore jeunes. ... Je les rattache a Myiagra nitida Gould.” Pucheran’s identification seems to have been ignored up to the present time.

P. ruficollis was described from Nouvelle Hollande, but I see that Hellmayr includes it in his Birds of Timor and accepts Timor as the type locality of Vieillot’s species. This is a relieving decision, but he has accepted Gould’s name for the Australian subspecies. Swainson’s name was given to a bird from no locality and he quoted the specimen in the Paris Museum. Pucheran’s note implies that Swainson described the Paris bird, and that consequently M. latirostris Swainson is an absolute synonym of P. ruficollis Vieillot.

The alterations in this genus are :— p. 187. Omit Platyrhynchos ruficollis Vieillot irom the synonymy of Myiagra rubecula rubecula.

p. 188. Myiagra ruficollis will replace Myiagra latirostris ; and the subspecies read—

[Myiagra ruficollis ruficollis Platyrhynchos ruficollis Vieillot, Nouv. Diet, d" I fist. Nat., Vol. XXVII., p. 13, 1818 : “ Nouvelle Hollande Timor.

Synonym :

Myiagra latirostris Swainson, Nat. Libr. (Jardine), Vol X., Flycatchers, pp. 255 and 208, 1838 : Loe. unknown : I designate Timor. Extra limitai.] Myiagra ruficollis cooperi. Broad-billed Flycatcher.

Myiagra latirostris cooperi Mathews, Austral Av. Rec., Vol. I., p. 42, 1912 : Melville Island.

Synonym :

Myiagra latirostris (not Swainson 1838) Gould, Proe. Zool. Soc. (Lond.) 1840, p. 172, 1841 : Port Essington, Northern Territory.

Range, Northern Territory.

Myiagra ruficollis tormenti and Myiagra ruficollis kempi will replace

Myiagra latirostris tormenti and Myiagra latirostris kempi respectively.

p. 188. The acceptance of Platyrhynchos cyanoleucus Vieillot, according to Pucheran’s determination, would necessitate the following changes :

Myiagra cyanoleuca would replace Myiagra nitida

and the subspecies would read :

Myiagka cyanoleuca cyanoleuca. Satin Flycatcher.

Platyrhynchos cyanoleucus Vieillot, Nouv. Diet. d’Hist. Nat., Vol. XXVII., p. 11, 1818 : Timor-New South Wales.

Synonym :

Myiagra nitida Gould, Synops. Austr., pt. IV., App., p. 1, 1838 : New South Wales.

Range, South Queensland ; New South Wales ; Victoria ; Tasmania ; and

Myiagra cyanoleuca robixsoni would replace

Myiagra nitida robinsoni.

I am of opinion that this alteration must be made as though Pucheran’s identification of Vieillot’s species has not hitherto been utilised ; it would appear that the “ Timor ” locality is wrong and that it came from Australia and I have therefore selected New South Wales as the type locality. Hellmayr does not mention it in his Birds of Timor, so that it does not occur there ; he makes no allusion to Vieillot’s name in any other connection.

p. 199. Drymodes superciliaris colclougiii, subsp. n. Allied Scrub Robin.

Differs from D. s. superciliaris in being much redder on the back and entirely reddish-buff on the undersurface.

Type, Roper River, Northern Territory, September, 1910.

Range, Northern Territory [East], p. 210. Poodytes gramineus noriiani, subsp. n.

Differs from P. g. goidburni in being paler above ; the red rump very noticeable ; a distinct spotted band across the throat.

Type, Normanton, North Queensland.

Range, North Queensland.

p. 210. ClSTICOLA EXILIS NORMANI, Subsp. 11.

Differs from C. e. lineocapilla in being much paler above.

Type, Norman River, Queensland.

Range, Gulf of Carpentaria in Queensland to the McArthur River in the Northern Territory.

p. 214. Acantiiiza pusilla jayi, subsp. n.

Differs from A. p. consobrina in being paler above and in having the thighs buff coloured.

Type, .Jav Waterhole, MacDonnell Ranges, Central Australia.

Range, the same.

p. 215. Add Acantiiiza nana Dorothea Mathews, Emu, Vol. XIV., p. 60, 1914: Lithgow, New South Wales.

p. 219. Add Geobasiletts reguloides t arana Mathews, Emu, Vol. XIV., p. 60, 1914; Tarana, New South Wales.

p. 220. Examination of the genus Sericornis necessitates some alterations. Mr. A. J. Campbell has given me the type of Sericornis ottlaris Legge, and compared with the type of Acanthiza frontalis Vigors and Horsfield, I find the following changes necessary—

Sericornis gularis Legge will replace Sericornis frontalis V. and H.

The species name of Sericornis frontalis will replace Sericornis longirostris, and will be Sericornis frontalis frontalis

and read Sericornis frontalis longirostris

,,    „    HARTERTI

,,    ,,    ROSIN AS

,,    ,,    LiEVIGASTER

„    „    MINIMUS.

Sericornis frontalis parvulus becomes a synonym of S. f. frontalis.

p. 222. Tasmanornis humilis tregellasi, subsp. n. Differs from T. h. humilis in being lighter above.

Type, King Island.

Range, King Island.

p. 232. Diaphorillas textilis purnelli, subsp. n. Buff-tliroated Grass-Wren.

Differs from D. t. modestus in having the throat dark buff streaked with white ; the tail is shorter, and the bill is thin and pointed.

Type, Mount Benstead, Alice Springs, Central Australia ; collected on the 8tli September, 1913.

Range, Central Australia.

p. 233. Magnamytis woodwardi dorotheje, subsp. n. Lesser White-throated Grass-Wren.

Differs from M. w. woodwardi in its much smaller size and in lacking the black feathers on the head, the head feathers having only a narrow black line on each side of the white shaft.

The co-type of M. woodwardi measures :

Culmen 15, wing 78, tail 103, tarsus 20 M. iv. dorotheae ,,    12 ,, 02 ,,    86    ,,    23

Type, from Macarthur River, Gulf of Carpentaria, Northern Territory. Collected on the 24th September,

1913.

Range, Northern Territory [East],

p. 235. The Genus Angroyan will replace Pseudar-tamus Mathews.

Angroyan “ Temminck Illiger, Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1812, p. 231, 1816.

Type (by original designation), Loxia cyanoptera Latham.

The species becomes Angroyan cyanopterus.

p. 238. COLLURICINCLA WOODWARDI ASSIMILIS, Subsp. n. Allied Sandstone Thrush.

Differs from C. w. woodwardi in being much paler on the under-surface. Iris brown ; bill and feet black. Type, Napier Broome Bay, North-west Australia. Collected on the 20th of July, 1910.

Range, Northern Territory [East],

p. 238. After Colluricincla brunnea brunnea Gould add— COLLURINCLA BRUNNEA MELVILLENSIS Zietz, South Austr. Ornith., Vol. I., p. 10, 1914, Melville Island.

p. 239. Add as synonym to Conigravea parvula omissa Mathews Colluricincla parvula melvillensis Zietz, loc. cit.

p. 239. Caleya megarhynchus normani, subsp. n.

Differs from C. m. cerviniventris in being much paler underneath.

Type, Norman River, Queensland.

Collected by Mr. R. Kemp on April 16th, 1914.

Range, North Queensland.

p. 240. As a synonym of Grallina Vieillot add Grallipes Sundevall, Meth. Nat. Av. Dist., pt. ii., p. 155, 1873 ; new name for Grallina Vieillot.

p. 241. Gymnorhina tibicen finki, subsp. n.

Differs from G. t. intermissa in having a larger bill and smaller wing.

Type, Horseshoe Bend, Fink River, N.T.

Range, Central Australia.

p. 246. Aphelocephala castaneiventris whitei, subsp. n.

Differs from A. c. castaneiventris in being darker above and in having the flanks very much paler.

Type, Jay Waterhole, MacDonnell Ranges, Central Australia.

Range, Central Australia.

No. 5.]

p. 257. Pardalotinus striatus ïinki, subsp. n.

Differs from P. s. subaffinis in having the head more streaked, rump brownish and the centre of the throat yellowish.

Type, Running Water, Fink River.

Range, Central Australia.

p. 268. Add Grantiella picta borealis.

Northern Painter Honey-eater.

Entomophila borealis H. L. White, Emu, Vol. XIII., p. 187,1914: MacArthur River, Northern Territory. Range, Northern Territory.

p. 271. Add Genus Macgillivrayornis.

Macgillivrayornis claudi (Scrub Honey-Eater) Mathews, South Austr. Ornith., Vol. I., pt. ii, p. 12, 1914; Claudie River, North Queensland.

p. 274. I included Melithreptus virescens Vieillot in the Appendix B, noting Gray’s reference of it to Gould’s Ptilotis sonorus. Pucheran (loc. cit., p. 350) absolutely states “ C’est Ptilotis sonorus Gould ” : - “ Notre example a été rapporté par Péron et Lesueur.” The first statement decides the identity of the species ; the second suggests the type locality as Shark’s Bay, West Australia.

The alterations necessary would be : The species name would become Meliphaga virescens.

M. v. sonora Gould.

M. v. broomei Mathews.

M. v. insularis Milligan, iff. v. murchisoni Mathews.

M. v. decipiens Mathews, iff. v. rogersi Mathews, iff. v. cooperi Mathews.

M. v. forresti Ingram, iff. v. walgetti Mathews, iff. v. westwoodia Mathews.

DEAKIN UNIVERSITY LIBRAIT

Throughout the subspecies virescens would displace sonora while it would be best to add—

Meliphaga virescens virescens.

Shark’s Bay Singing Honey-Eater, as I cannot synonymise with the Shark’s Bay form either the southern dark Broome Hill form or the interior light East Murchison race.

The South Australian form would retain Gould’s name being Meliphaga virescens sonora, but the synonym Meliphaga vittata Bonaparte should be transferred to the synonymy of M. v. virescens, as Bonaparte’s name was also given to a bird brought back by Péron and Lesueur.

p. 285. As a synonym of Manorina m. melanophrys

add—

Cossyphus olivaceus Dumont, Diet. Sci. Nat. (Lev-rault), Vol. XXIX. , p. 268, 1823 : New South Wales.

p. 299. Dr. Burton Cleland pointed out to me that Stokes in his Disoov. in Austral., Vol. II., 1846, p. 175, states that the type of Emblema picta Gould was procured on Depuch’s Island, Mid-west Australia. This necessitates a rearrangement of the subspecific names, as 1 arbitrarily selected Derby, North-west Australia, as a suitable locality for Gould’s species. I now describe the Roebuck Bay bird as—

Emblema picta clelandi, subsp. n.

Western Painted Finch.

Differs from E. p. picta in being much darker above the black of the under surface being deeper and the red on the throat more extensive.

Type, from Roebuck Bay, North-west Australia

Range, North-west Australia, and restrict

Emblema picta picta, Painted Finch, to Depuch Island, Mid-west Australia.

I had thought of using that name for my E. picta coongani, but the Coongan River birds disagree too much with Gould’s figure and description.

p. 299. Emblema picta Ethels, subsp. n.

Differs from E. p. clelandi in being lighter above and the tail brown not black.

Type, Hermansburg, MacDonnell Ranges. -Range, Central Australia.

p. 300. Add Genus Erythrura

Erythrura Swainson, Classif. Birds, Vol. II., p. 280, 1837.

Type (by monotypy), Loxia prasina Sparrmnn. Erythrura trichroa.

[Erythrura trichroa trichroa,

Fringilla trichroa Ivittlitz, Mem. pres. l'Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Peterb., Vol. II., p. 8, pi. x., 1833: “ Ualan ” : Caroline Group.    Extra limital.]

Erythrura trichroa macgillivrayi. subsp. n. Australian Green-backed Finch.

Differs from E. trichroa cyaneifrons Layard (Ibis, 1878, p. 260 : Lifu, I.oyalty Islands) in its larger bill, deeper blue coloration on the fore-head and cheeks, deeper coloured upper tail-coverts and tail and longer wing. Specimens from British New Guinea, named E. t. goodfellowi Ogilvie-Grant (Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, Vol. XXIX., p. 29, 1911) come nearer, but the blue on the fore-head is extended on to the top of the head in the Australian form.

Wing 62 mm.

Type, Claudie River, North Queensland.

Collected by Dr. William Macgillivray in Feb., 1914. Range : North Queensland (Claudie River District).

Remarks.—This beautiful Pinch adds a genus and species to the Australian List, and the distribution of the species is so remarkable as to merit notice. First described from the Caroline Islands, it next received a name from Ternate, followed by its discovery at Lifu, Loyalty Islands ; then it was found at the New Hebrides and Solomon Archipelago ; later it was received from Ruk, Bismark Archipelago, and odd specimens have been procured in British New Guinea, while now it is known to live in North Queensland. All the subspecies are difficult to separate, little differentiation having yet taken place in spite of the diverse localities.

p. 301. Add /Eg i ntha temporalis macgillivrayi. Black-tailed Red-browed Pinch. Mathews, South Austr. Ornith., Vol. I., pt. ii, p. 13, 1914; Claudie River. North Queensland.

p. 304. Add Neochmia pileton albiventer, White-bellied Crimson Finch. Mathews, loc. cit. ; Claudie River, North Queensland.

p. 239. In Appendix B, I included birds ascribed to Australia not otherwise identified. Pucheran has noted that some of these are Timor birds and therefore can be eliminated from the Appendix :

Melithreptus flavicans Vieillot.

Turdus suerii Vieillot.

CEnanthe gutturalis Vieillot.

Platyrhynchos rufiventris Vieillot.

Melithreptus flavicans Vieillot is recognised by Pucheran as Meliphaga reticulata Temminck, over which name, of course, it has priority. This is not recognised by Hellmayr, as (loc. cit., p. 51) he uses Stigmatops reticulata based on Meliphaga reticulata Temminck. Turdus suerii (recte sueurii) Vieillot is stated by Pucheran to have come from Timor and is recognised as a juvenile Sylvia leucophcea Vieillot. The latter species Pucheran doubtfully identifies with Lalage timoriensis S. Muller. Neither

of these names are discussed by Hellmayr when he made use of Muller’s name for a subspecies of Lalage nigra (Forster).

Œnanthe gutturalis Vieillot, according to Pucheran, might have come from Timor, but its identity was not determined by him. Hellmayr does not mention it in any connection.

Platyrhynchos rufiventris Vieillot was identified by Pucheran, and as he gave a coloured figure it came into use and is included by Hellmayr.

Œnanthe pyrrhonota Vieillot, Nouv. Diet., Vol. XXI., p. 428, was described from “ Nouvelle Hollande.” It was omitted by me from my Appendix, but Pucheran stated it came from Timor and was a female of Motacilla caprata Linné. Hellmayr, however, does not use this name for the Timor bird, and as no discussion is given, I do not know whether he doubts Pucheran’s determination. On p. 27 he uses Saxicola pyrrhonota Muller, 1843, for a different bird, but that usage seems to be barred by Vieillot’s name.

Œnanthe melanoleuca Vieillot, Nouv. Diet. d’Hist. Nat., Vol. XXI., p. 435, 1818 : Timor was identified by Pucheran as Certhionyx varieqatus. Lesson ; but this error was soon rectified and Hellmayr has used it as the basis of his Oreicola melanoleuca.

Hellmayr also on p. 41 has used Artamus perspicillatus Bonaparte for a Timor Wood-Swallow. For an Australian species, Artamus cinereus Vieillot was commonly used until I rejected it on account of its description from Timor and my inability to separate from the descriptions Vieillot’s and Bonaparte’s species. Hellmayr does not discuss my action, so I can only conjecture that he has overlooked this also.

On p. 80 Hellmayr has included as a Timor bird Geoffroyus personatus personatus Shaw. He does not include in his synonymy Psittacus geoffroyi Beclistein which I have recently shown to be the correct name, as Bechstein’s name was published in 1811, whereas Shaw’s did not appear until 1812. It is unfortunate

106

that an ornithologist of such repute as Hellmayr should have allowed himself to do such slipshod work.

The names of the following birds should be removed from the Australian List to a hypothetical addenda, as no skins of Australian shot specimens are extant:—

p. 3. Aptenodytes pataqonica halli Mathews.

This was recorded by Hall as having been killed on Maria Island, Tasmania. Mr. Hall tells me the specimen was not preserved.

p. 65. Tringa ocrophus assami Mathews.

Recorded by Hall in mistake for Rhyacopliilus glareola affinis Horsfield. No Australian occurrence.

p. 68. Bartramia longicauda- Bechstein.

Although this bird was recorded by Gould as having been “ shot by an old sportsman, during the snipe season of 1848, near the water reservoir, in the vicinity of Sydney,” no skin is in existence. Mr. Robert Etheridge assures me that it is not in the Sydney Museum where it was returned in 1861. As this is the only record, we should leave it until others are collected in Australia.

p. 80. Ardea cinerea rectirostris Gould.

This is another of the birds added to the Australian List by Gould of which no reliable information is available.

p. 92. Spatula clypeata Indiana■ Mathews.

The same applies to this as to the former species.

p. 99. Fregata aquila palm,erstoni Gmelin. only from. Torres Strait.

p. 103. Leucospiza novcehollandice leucosoma Sharpe. No reliable record.

p. 106. Butastur teesa< Franklin. Record unreliable.

p. 152. Collocalia escalenta Linné.

Are there any records other than the most unreliable ones of birds supposed to have been shot in Queensland by Cockerell ?

pp. 163-4. Hirundo rustica gutturalis Seopoli and Hypurolepis javanica frontalis Quoy and Gaimard ? Where are the Australian shot examples of these ?

Extinct birds to be removed from the List:

p. 2.

Dromiceivs novcehollandice diemenensis Le Soeuf, Peronista’ peroni Rothschild.

Peronista spenceri Mathews.

GEOPELIA SHORT RIDGE1 Grant.

Bull. Brit, Orn. Club. Vol. XXIII., p. 73, 1909, Carnarvon.

Throwley Road,

Sutton, Surrey. Aug. 31, 1914.

Dear Mr. Mathews,—

When I was being driven by Mr. Vaughan Foss between Carnarvon and Point Cloates (West Austr.) on August 20, 1913, he, knowing my interest in ornithology, asked me if 1 was aware of the fact that the two species of Doves (viz., Geopelia tranquilla and Geopelia cuneata) that occur commonly about Carnarvon, and are particularly numerous in the scrub near pools of water in the bed of the Gascoyne River, inter-breed. I told him that I was not aware of it, and if true, that it was exceedingly interesting. He assured me that it was true, according to his own observation, as he had an aviary at his father’s house in Carnarvon (C. D. V. Foss, Resident Magistrate), and he had frequently had many specimens of both the above species kept in his aviary at the same time, and that they inter-bred freely. Also that as the birds became too numerous in his aviary, he had sometimes liberated several of the occupants, and occasionally some of them escaped. This aviary was a short mile from the main hed of the Gascoyne River.

At the time of writing this, I have not my library with me for reference, but I believe that in the Bull. Brit. Ornith. Club, Vol. XXIII., p. 73, 1909, Mr. Ogilvie-Grant described a new “ species ” of Geopelia from a single specimen obtained by Mr. Shortridge in the Gascoyne River near Carnarvon, and that you expressed the opinion that the bird in question was probably a hybrid. It seems to me that you are correct in your surmise. I may mention that Mr. Foss told me this voluntarily, in the course of conversation, and that I had not previously spoken to him about Doves in any way. I had intended writing to you earlier about it, but on my return to Broome Hill in October last, from my trip to the N.W. Cape, 1 was very busy shearing and then handing over my station, then I heard that you had made a trip to Australia, and have only just returned, hence the delay in sending you this note. I also learnt from Mr. V. Foss, and another gentleman at Carnarvon, who made a speciality of a Finch aviary, that Scarlet Finches with numerous spots of white occur and breed in (Triodia) Spinifex country on the Minilya River about 120 miles north of Carnarvon. Probably a species of Neochmia.

Yours truly,

Tom Carter.

[It thus seems certain that Mr. Ogilvie-Grant described as a new “ species ” a hybrid that had escaped from captivity.—G. M. M.]

NEW GENERA.

By G. M. Mathews.

p. 33. Alphapuffinus gen. nov. Type Puffinus assimilis Gould.

Differs from Puffinus Brisson in having a different ■shaped bill, being much thinner and the nostrils more open.

Alphapuffinus assimilis

„    „    assimilis

,,    ,,    tunneyi

p. 50. Alphagygis new name for Oygis Wagner 1832, not Gyges Bory de St. Vincent 1825.

Alphagygis alba

,,    ,    royana

p. 123. Harrisornis gen. nov. Type Calyptorhynchus halmaturinus Mathews.

Differs from Calyptorhynchus in having a distinct sharp keel to the culmen ; and although the smallest of the black cockatoos has the widest bill, the lower mandible being particularly noticeable, being bigger than that of C. macrorhynchus.

Harrisornis viridis

,,    „    viridis

,,    ,,    halmaturinus.

p. 238. Alphacincla gen. nov. Type Colluricincla woodwardi Hartert.

Differs from Colluricincla Vigors and Horsfleld in having a flat head and a long thin bill equal to the length of the head ; lower bill with wide inter-ramal space ; nostrils in a groove with no feathers.

Alphacincla. woodwardi Hartert

Alphacincla. woodwardi woodwardi

Alphacincla. woodwardi assimilis.

p. 267. From material supplied by Dr. J. Burton Cleland, I find that Gliciphila melanops differs generically from Gliciphila albifrons of my List of the Birds of Australia, pp. 266-207.    1 therefore introduce—

Purnella genus nov. Type Gliciphila albifrons Gould.

Differs from Gliciphila Swainson in having a fleshy caruncle on the posterior canthus of the eye, of a deep pinkish flesh-colour. Named in honour of my friend Herbert A. Purnell, of Geelong.

p. 273. I would note that under the rules adopted by the American Ornithological Union the genus name Meliphaga Lewin, 1808, is invalidated by the prior Melophagus of Latreille in Sonnini’s Buffon Ins., Vol. III., p. 466, 1802. I introduce—

Dorotiiina nom. nov. Type Meliphaga lewini Swainson.

Dorothina lewini lewini.    .

,,    ,,    nea.

,,    ,,    mob.

„    „    ivi.

p. 279. Sacramela gen. nov. Type Ptilotis keartlandi North.

Differs from Lichenostcmus Cabanis in the absence of the fleshy caruncle at the base of the bill.

Sacramela keartlandi

,,    ,,    keartlandi

„    ,,    mungi

,,    ,,    alexandrensis.

Sacramela ornata

,,    ,,    ornata

,,    ,,    wesleydalei

,,    ,,    munna

,,    ,,    tailemi

,,    ,,    underbooli.

Sacramela plumula

„    „    plumula

,,    ,,    planasi

,,    ,,    andersoni

,,    ,,    graingeri

,,    ,,    gracemeri

,,    ,,    ethelae.

p. 284. Burnellornis, gen. n. Type, Certhia niger Beehstein.

Differs from Meliornis Gray in having much smaller, weaker feet and a thick tuft of feathers below the eye, acting as ear-coverts but which can be raised in a fanlike manner.

Purnellornis niger    niger

,,    ,,    herbertoni

,,    ,,    dulciei

,,    ,,    inexpectatus.

p. 310. A lp h aci i la m yd era gen. nov. Type Chlamy-

dera cerviniventris Gould.

Differs from Chlamydera Gould in its peculiar coloration which resembles that of Rogersornis, but entirely lacks the erectile nuchal crest: in size it approaches nearly Chlamydera, but that genus also possesses a well-formed nuchal crest.

Alphachlamydera cerviniventris

,,    ,,    cerviniventris.

p. 5. Megathelia, gen. nov.

Type, Megapodius tumulus Gould, p. 0. Marotcrnta, gen. nov.

Type, Coturnix pectoralis Gould, p. 10. Colclottghia, gen. nov.

Type, Hemipodius melanogaster Gould.

p. 11. Alphatitrnia, gen. nov.

Type, Hemipodius velox Gould, p. 152. Zoonava, gen. nov.

Type, Cypselus terrcereginai Ramsay.

NOTES ON SOME BIRDS FROM THE KERMADEC ISLANDS.

By G. M. Mathews and Tom Iredale.

A collection of birds made at the Kermadec Islands by Mr. King Bell was secured by Mr. W. R. B. Oliver, and a selection was obtained by Mr. G. M. Mathews when out in Australia. Mr. Oliver had recognised the strangeness of a Petrel hitherto unknown from the Group, and had concluded its relationship was with Mstrdata rostrata (Peale). As it was quite impossible to determine the form in New Zealand he courteously, in the cause of ornithological science, allowed Mr. Mathews to acquire this specimen. Examination shows that it is a representative of quite a distinct species, and we therefore diagnose it here as

/Estrelata oliveri, sp. n.

This species is nearest to M. parvirostris in general appearance but of quite a different coloration above. The coloration in that species is black with a brown shade, while in the new species it is dark dull bluish-black : the blue predominates, whereas in A. parvirostris the black is the prevailing colour. In the latter the under wing coloration is uniform, while JE. oliveri has the inside wing lining composed of white feathers. We do not know whether it breeds at the Kermadecs, but there is quite such a possibility.

Habitat, Kermadec Islands.

Type in Coll. G. M. Mathews.

PrOSTHEMADERA NOV^ESEELANDLai KERMADECENSIS, subsp. n.

Differs from P. n. phoebe Kemp, from the North Island of New Zealand, in its larger size and absolutely paler coloration throughout, the head being very pale glossy green, the back pallid brown, the abdomen coloration much paler, the flanks noticeably lighter: the edges of the secondaries have a metallic blue shine not seen in the North Island bird. Wing 155 mm.

Habitat, Sundajr Island, Kermadec Group.

Type in Coll. G. M. Mathews.

Remarks.—One of us (Iredale) wrote in the Trans. New Zeal. Inst., Vol. XLV., 1912, p. 88, 1913 : “ This bird was abundant, but as no series was collected, I do not know whether it was subspecifically separable from mainland forms. As it had lost its voice, it seems certain that it would be.”

Heteroscelus ittcanus incanus (Gmelin).

A specimen procured at Sunday Island, Kermadec Group, makes an addition to that fauna, and it is one of the rare New Zealand visitors as far as is yet known. In our Reference List (Ibis, 1913, p. 259) only one authentic record was cited.

PORZANOIDEA PLUMBEA OLIVEF.I, Subsp. n.

Differs from P. p. immaculata in having the back purplish-brown and not so marked off from the head, and from P. p. plumbea in the absence of the long wing-coverts.

Habitat, Sunday Island.

Type in Coll. G. M. Mathews.

Eggs.—Clutch 3 : ground-colour stone, covered all over with brown and lavender markings ; 28-30 mm. by 21.

The eggs of P. p. immaculata are darker in their markings ; 30 mm. by 22.

PLUMAGE CHANGES OP ELSE TORN IS ME LAN OPS.

The following is a description of a series of Elseyornis melanops (cf. Birds of Austr., Vol. III., p. 137, 1913):—

Nestling in down.—Crown of head and entire back fawn colour, dotted with black ; a semi-circular black line across the fore-part of the head from eye to eye, a short line of black on the hinder crowm, followed by a semi-circular band of white, a line of black commencing in front of the eye, enclosing the latter, continued and widened out round the hind neck where it forms a collar; another black band starting on the inner portion of the wing, continued along the sides of the back, dividing the fawn colour and enclosing the tail; outer portions of the wings and entire under surface white. (January.)

Young.—Crown of head, back, scapulars, innermost secondaries, and upper tail-coverts pale earth-brown strongly tinted with rufous, with semi-circular dark bars to the feathers which gives a scalloped appearance to the back, the feathers on the head have dark central spots ; lesser, upper and some of the inner median wing-coverts blackish, edged with rufous and spotted with black, others are white on the inner web ; greater series for the most part white with a small amount of earth-brown near the base ; bastard wing, primary-coverts and quills black, secondaries edged with white at the tips, some of the inner ones almost entirely white ; lower back and upper tail-coverts have the downy texture of the nestling, which is fawn colour dotted with black; tail-feathers bronzy-brown tipped with rufous ; a broad band from behind the eye encircling the hind neck black, a crescentric patch of white on the nape ; entire under surface white, except a few dark feathers on the chest, which is the first indication of the black band ; the small coverts on the outer edge of the under wing black, margined with white. (February.)

Immature.—Head, back and scapulars earth-brown, with slightly paler edges to the feathers, the scapulars somewhat tinged with rufous. Among the latter may be noticed two or three deep chestnut feathers which suggest the first appearance of the adult plumage; the long scapulars, innermost secondaries, and middle tail-feathers bronze-brown, the latter tipped with buff, the outer tail-feathers white marked with pale brown; the lesser upper wing-coverts show the remains of youth, and are similar to the previous stage but not quite so bright, the secondaries differ from the previous stage in having more white ; fore-head and lores dusky ; a line over the eye and continued round the nape buffv-white becoming whiter on the nape : a dark line from behind the eye joining the black collar on the hind-neck, which extends in an incomplete band across the chest; under surface white. (April.)

The next stage differs from the fully adult by being darker on the upper surface, in being rufous on the scapulars instead of maroon-chestnut; paler rufous on the upper tail-coverts, the buff tips to the central tail-feathers, the incomplete black fore-head and the very much narrower band on the chest, which is also intermixed with buff. (May.)

The next stage is the fully adult.

G. M. Mathews.


THE

AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD

A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA

VOL. II. No. 6.

ISSUED IN CONNEXION WITH THE

Austral Avian Museum, Watford, Herts, England

Editor

GREGORY M. MATHEWS
Price 1/6 Net

WITHERBY & CO., 326 High Holborn, London, W.C. December 19 th, 1914.

THE


AUSTHAL AV RECOUD.


A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL DEVOTED PRIMARILY TO THE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN AVIFAUNA.

Vol. II.. No. 6.


December 19th, 1914.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

Notes on the Genus Fregata ......... 117

ON THE SPECIES AND SUBSPECIES OF THE

GENUS FREGATA.

By G. M. Mathews.

Two species of Fregata are admitted in the Catalogue of Birds in the British Museum, Vol. XXVI., under the names Fregata aquila and Fregata arid. No subspecies are recognised, but the most superficial examination showed that such could be determined. Criticism of the British Museum material in order to fix the correct names to be used for the birds occurring in Australia has brought to light much of more than local interest. Details will be given in full in my Birds of Australia and this preliminary synopsis is here given for the purpose of protecting my work, the first work on the subject for over ten years.

The most interesting discovery was that the widely-used name Fregata aquila was inapplicable. This was based on Pelecanus aquilus Linné (Syst. Nat., Ed. X., p. 133, 1758).

A &S3lto\ L

118 THE AUSTRAL AVIAN RECORD [Vo!. IT.

Linne’s bird was from Ascension Island collected by Osbeck. In the British Museum there is a series from that locality and the male and female are all black with the immature, even in the downy stage, with a white head showing no rust colour.

This peculiar bird is confined to Ascension Island and no subspecies are known to me. The Hon. Walter Rothschild generously allowed me to examine his fine collection of these birds in the Tring Museum and I have confirmed my results by means of his material. The common widely-spread species known as Fregata aquila must then bear the name Fregata minor Gmelin. This is very unfortunate, but there is no other conclusion possible.

Gmelin (Syst. Nat., p. 572, 1789) described Pelecanus minor, and all the references are derived from the Man-of-War Bird of Edwards’ Gleaning, pi. 309. The figure is a good one of a female and Edwards states this may be so as he has heard the males are all black. No locality is given nor is any determinable from the context. After due consideration I therefore designate Jamaica as the type locality of Gmelin’s species.

A series from South Trinidad Island show that the bird resident there has a longer bill but a shorter wing measurement. Differences in coloration, though apparent, cannot be definitely fixed at the present time. The largest female (females are larger than males) gives culmen 128 mm., whig 621 mm., while the largest measurements from anywhere in the West Indies, Caribbean Seas, etc., are in the female, culmen 120 mm., with the wing 650 mm.

I name this form

Fregata minor nicolli, subsp. n.

From the Seychelles, Aldabra, Gloriosa, etc., the islands comprising the Mascarenes another subspecies -can be recognised, the largest measurements of a female being culmen 110 mm., and wing 621 mm. These birds vary somewhat among themselves so that it may be

two or more subspecies will later be recognised from this group. I propose to name this subspecies Fregata minor aldabrensis, subsp., selecting Aldabra as my type locality.

From Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, Dr. C. W. Andrews gave me specimens of the two species he found breeding there and which had been identified by Dr. Sharpe as