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Written in

Plain and Undttrsfmdabte Xsr.juagz edited by

V Jf. Wawq, jit f. S. JL

A Valuable Book of Modern treatment nd Home Remedies

A ...C*, valuable book m the l»*e~-wsued :n cor* will. Wwn. -Wond«' Marine <>'■■ i«».

price.’ ONE GUINEA.

J.


Jaundice


K.


ÍNDEX—Continued.


Page

53


Kidney and Bladder Diseases . . . . 54, 55 & 56


L.


Lightning Stroke Leucorrhea ..    . .

Liver......

Lumbago . .    . .

Lungs, The . . .


44

57

57

58 69


M.

Malaria or Ague ....    58

Measles.......... 59

Menorrhagia ...... 60

Mumps.......... 60

Measures, Approximate 96


N.


Nasal Catarrh . . . . 62 & 64

Neuralgia........ 65

Nightmare ........ 65

Nipples (Soreness of) . .    67

Nose (Things in the) . .    13

Nerves, The........ 66


P.


Peritonitis.....

Piles.........

Pleurisy . .    . .

Pneumonia .

Psoriasis . .

Pyorrhoea    , ”r

Phosphor^,*    \ >mg


. .    67

. . . 60 69 & 70


Poisonires

r


°0 Act


71

72 72 12


m ' in Relation rouj emperature . . .


to


16

)

100


Qw


Q.


lnsy


73


R.


¿. Rheumatism 77, 78, 79 & qq


R


ingworm........ go

•-cipes for theck

,'oom ......92 to 95


S.    Page

Scarlatina . . ....... 82

Snake-Bite (Treatment

of).......... 83

Spider - Bite (Treatment

of............ 83

Sunstroke . .     84

Sciabica.......... 85

Sore Throat...... 85

Swallowing Foreign

Bodies ........ 12

Sleeplessness ...... 13

Sprains.......... 13

Suffocation (Treatment) 44

T.

Tonsilitis.......... 85

Tootache . .     85

Typhoid Fever...... 85

Toothache . .    14

Thermometers...... 18

Turkish Bath...... 19

u.

Ulcers .......... 86

Urine (Incontinence of) 86

Urticaria.......... 87

Urosa1 ......74 to 78

Useful »lints........ 20

w.

Wawn’s Wonder-Wool 9, 10

& 1 I

Wawn’s Wonder Fluid 8-8 o

Whitlow ........4

Whooping-Cough . . .    *

Worms eao’ound Wo-'ims

Thrna (T j    ; ;    ¡0

Wor ,vn s Medicines .. |qi Wawn’s Wonder Pills 73 awns Wonder J ubes 69 Wawn s Wonder Tabs . .    69

Wawn s Wonder Balm 61 &

Waists (Reducing) .    13

Wawn’s Shave and Sham-

xv, P°° Cream ....    17 «

r“"ic

Waw»'s Wonder Mint o.


INDEX.

A. Page

Page

26

Dysmenorrhoea . .

43

Acidity of the Stomach

26

Dyspepsia . - . .

43

Acne (Blackheads) . .

26

Drowning, Treatment 44 & 45

Ague..........

27

Digestion of Some

Princi-

Amenorrhoea......

27

pal Foods (Approxi-

Anaemia (or Bloodless-

mate time needed) . .

96

ness)..........

27

E.

Agina Pectoris......

28

Eczema......

46

Aphonia (or loss of

Epilepsy......

46

Voice..........

28

Erysipelas . . . .

47

Apoplexy ........

28

Eyes (Affections

of) ..

47

Asthma..........

2 8

Eucalypt-ex . . . .

1 1

R

Earache ......

14

29

Ear (Things in the) . .

14

Bandaging, The Art of

30

Electric Shock . .

44

Bandaging, The Methods

31

F.

Biliousness........

32

Fainting......

48

Bladder..........

33

Fits........

48

Blood Purifier......

33

Flatulence . . . .

49

Breath, Bad........

34

Fishbone in the

lhroat 13

Boils ..........

34

Fru-Lax ......

99

Bronchitis........

34

Fematon......

97

Burns..........

35

Femalax . . . .

98

Brain, Concussion of the

38

G.

Baths ..........

12

49

Body Heat, or Tempera-

Gravel ......

49

ture..........

100

Giddiness . . . .

12

c

Gas Suffocation . .

12

Catarrh..........

36

General Information 1 8

& 19

Change of Life . . . . . .

36

H.

Chicken-Pox ......

36

Hay Fever . . . .

. 49

Chilblains . . *......

3 7

Headache . . . .

50

Colds............

Herpes (Shingles)

. . . .

. 50

Concu. sion of the Brain

38

Hysteria......

, 50

38

Hiccups......

. 14

Consumption ......

39

Heartburn . . . .

, 15

Convulsions or Fits . .

40

Head Colds . . . .

. 15

Coughs ..........

40

Hay Fever . . . .

, 15

Croup..........

41

Hot Fomentation

19

Choking..........

12

Heat Stroke or

Heat

Cold Feet........

13

Apoplexy . . . .

84

Children's Ailments 23 to

25

Creme de Menthe Dental

1.

95

Indigestion . , . .

5 1

Influenza . . . .

51

D.

Insomnia . . . .

52

Diarrhoea ........

42

Itch (Scabies)

53

Diphtheria........

43

Itching of Skin

53

Dysentery , . . . . .

43

Infant’s Ailments

. . 21

& 22

Plain and Understandable Jlanguage

Edited by

V. JT. Wawrj, JYi. p. S. ft.

This Book of Medicines will serve a useful purpose, in that it presents, in a handly and popular form, a large amount of information regarding the preservation of health and the prevention of disease. The various subjects have been revised and brought up to date as efficiently as possible. Specially useful will be found the remedies recom mended, all of which have been well tried and found to be the most suitable for the complaints for which they are advised to be taken. Every confidence can be had in the quality of these Medicines, as they are prepared by qualified Pharmacists only. All literature of this kind should be commended, because its diffusion must aid in the better appreciation of the laws of health, and in the advance of that opinion which teaches that only by observance of these laws is happiness to b« »«cured.

As health is the first necessity of humankind, without which life’s pleasures and successes are unattainable, it is of extreme importance that people should know the main features and functions of their physical construction, and at the same time be informed regarding the causes of disease, and also possess such a practical acquaintance with the proper remedies as will serve to keep them in the way of health. Many a Doctor's bill has been saved by a little knowledge of how to handle common ailments and present them from developing into more serious troubles. In the same way, it is advantageous to know,' something o f the mature and treatment of diseases generally, so that in the preliminary stages of illness such measures may be taken as will be helpful to the surgeon or the physician, when he has to be called in. Thousands of lives are sacrificed every

year for the lack of thi* little knowledge. The scientific study of medicine is, of course, beyond the attainment o.f all but those who devote themselves to it as a profession, but it is within the power of almost anyone to gain sufficient knowledge of the subject for ordinary purposes.

This Book of Medicines is supplied in conjunction with the “Wonder” Medicine Cabinet, and is so compiled that for the treatment of most of the complaints enumerated herein a suitable remedy will be found in this compact “Wonder” Medicine Cabinet. The public can have every confidence in following out the instructions contained herein, bearing in mind that in all cases their own common sense and judgment must guide them as to the advisability of calling in a medical man.

We are at all times pleased to receive any communications, and will advise on all matters relative to health and sickness.

Special treatments recommended, and which are not contained in the “Wonder” Medicine Cabinet, can be had direct from us, a full list of which will be found on Page 101. Take advantage of the Value Payable Postage System. Send us your order, we send the goods, you pay the Postman, and the Post Office pays us.

DEPARTMENT M.—For those who require any advice or information pertaining to their general health a full description of the ailment is necessary, accompanied by as much information as possible. All such communications should be addressed:

V. A. WAWN,

Department M.,

Monks Lane,

ALEXANDRIA, SYDNEY.

WAWN’S

“ WONDER-WOOL”

(Stops Pain)

Any method of treatment adopted for the relief of pain that is not based on a foundation calculated to assist nature must fail. The success of Wawn’s Wonder-Wool is due to the fact that It assists nature in the right way, by creating inner heat, which stimulates circulation, dispels inflammation, and stops pain.

Wavn’s Wonder-Wool is a scientifically prepared form of Cotton Wool, the fibres of which, after being specially treated, are thoroughly impregnated with unique medicinal essences, whose pain-relieving virtues and soothing effects are immediately felt when applied to all pain disorders of the blood, such as Rheumatism, Sciatica, Gout. All nervous ailments, like Neuritis, Neuralgia, Toothache. All disease of the Throat, Chest, and I.ungs, including Pneumonia, Bronchitis, and Common Colds.

The delightful warmth and stimulating properties with which this wool is charged quickly dispels any pain, producing a sensation of restful comfort. As a home remedy Wawn’s Wonder-Wool is without an equal.

It is entirely free from any poison or harmful ingredient, and is always ready for use in an emergency, being quickly and easily applied.

Wawn’s Wonder-Wool is to be applied dry, or moistened with any spirituous solution, such as whisky, brandy, eau-decologne, or methylated spirits. As moistening increases its activity, care should be taken in applying. For Babies, Children, and those with tender skins, the dry wool wrapped in butter muslin should always be used at first; then, as the skin gets more accustomed to its stimulating action, remove muslin, and. if necessary, moisten and re-moisten as required. For increased activity, cover with oiled silk.

Wherever there is Pain apply Wonder-Wool and the Pain will Stop

The remarkable results obtained so quickly from Wawn’s Wonder-Wool are not alone due to absorption by the skin, Into the seat of the pain, of the medicinal essences with which this wool is impregnated, but the application of the wool to any painful part causes an internal loeal heat, which stimulates circulation, quickly dispelling the congestion of blood, which is the real cause of pain.

The secret of Wawn’s Wonder-Wool is really, therefore, its stimulating action on the blood, the congestion of which, in any on© part, causes pain. In Bronchitis, Asthenia, Catarrh, the lining membrances of the bronchial tubes are inflamed; in Quinsy, the tonsils; in Neuralgia and Neuritis, the congested blood effects the nerves; in Rheumatism and Sciatica, there is swelling and inflamatlon at the joints and muscles.

Apply Wawn’s Wonder-Wool to unbroken Chilblains. Its stimulating action quickly dispels the congested blood which causes the pain.

Wawn’s Wonder-Wool attacks pain by removing the congestion in quickening the circulation. The medicinal properties of Wawn’s Wonder-Wool produces, when applied to any part, a constant stimulation, recognised by the pleasant tingling sensation experienced, and as the blood resumes its normal flow the congestion disappears, and with it the inflammation and pain. This stimulating action can be regulated as required by moistening with some spirituous solution, such as whisky, brandy, eau-de-cologne, methylated spirits, or vinegar. The medicinal essences are dissolved, and are more readily and quickly absorbed by the skin into the painful parts when the wool is damped with spirits. The more it is moistened, the stronger and quicker is its action. By applying dry a much gentler curative action is obtained.

KEEP IT IN THE HOME—YOU NEVER KNOW WHEN

PAIN WILL COME.    _

For Lung and Chest Affections, Wonder-Wool is unrivalled. A simple cold should never be neglected, as frequently a cold on the chest is the forerunner of Bronchitis or Pneumonia. Exposure to sudden climatic changes should be avoided, and the safest and best method of protecting your chest and lungs from sudden changes in temperature is to wear a Wonder-Wool jacket, made in the following manner:—Split two pieces lengthways, connect with shoulder tapes, so that it can be slipped over the head—one piece will thus protect the chest, and the other piece the back. The Wool may be attached to gauze or muslin if desired. Connect with side tapes if necessary. .

During the Influenza Epidemic in New Zealand, Wonder-Wool was pronounced invaluable in preventing the Influenzal stage from developing into the pneumonic one.

Wawn’s Wonder-Wool has superseded the old red flannel for the chest, and the plaster for the back. It has no disfiguring effects upon the skin, with the exception of perhaps a slight reddening,

Wawn’s Wonder-Wool is suitable for everyone, young and old, men, women, and children, and can be worn night and d-av next the skin without the slightest interference with the ordinary habits of life.

Wawn's Wonder-Wool for Babies.—When baby’s cough outs through you like a knife, make him a jacket on a basis of butter muslin, and wrap it round his chest and back, muslin side next the skin. It will relieve his cough immediately.

Wawn’s Wonder-Wool must NOT be applied to open wounds or sores.

Wawn’s Wonder-Wool should be kept bandy; you never know when it will be wanted. It comes like an angel of mercy to all sufferers from blood congestion. Its remedial properties are evidenced by the pleasant tingling sensation which it sends throbbing through the affected parts. Its effect lias been likened to an agreeably regulated charge from an electric battery.

The general utility of Wawn’s Wonder-Wool is amazing— wherever there is pain, apply Wawn’s Wonder-Wool, and the pain will stop. It is used with success in the leading hospitals of Australia and New Zealand. No nurses’s equipment is complete without a packet. Its pain-relieving virtues will prove a boon to patient and nurse alike. No home should be without it for cases of emergency.

Wawn’s Wonder-Wool is unequalled as a means of stimulating the circulation and correcting troubles caused by blood congestion. Sufferers proclaim its soothing virtues, and those who have closely watched and examined its merits are enthusiastic as to its wonderful possibilities. EASY TO APPLY—CERTAIN IN ITS RESULTS.

|r"........... 1 ■    ...... '

Extracted from the Oil of a Distinct Species of EUCALPYTUS by a special freezing process, which thoroughly eliminates all Irritants and Impurities.

F.UCALYPT-EX

100% PURE

(Absolutely harmless, yet 3 limes stronger than Carbolic)

invaluable for Coughs and Colds, either internally or as an inhalant.

For the Rath and Toilet As a Spray for the Sick Room A Reliable Antiseptic

HANDY HINTS.

PHOSPHOROUS POISONING.—In cases where children have swallowed ends of matches and caused this trouble, it Is best to give an emetic, such as Mustard and Water or Ipecacuanha Wine, immediately; then give half a teaspoonful of Oil of Turpentine, the dose being a teaspoonful in milk every half hour. Magnesia mixed with water is another antidote that may be given freely if Oil of Turpentine is not procurable.

SWALLOWING FOREIGN BODIES.—Some children seem to make it a hobby of swallowing such articles as buttons, marbles, tacks, pins, and fruit stones. Usually the first thing thought of is a dose of opening medicine, but under no circumstances should this be given. Don’t give the child a drink of any kind, and keep to solid food, consisting of bread, potatoes, rice and hard-boiled eggs. After 24 hours, from two to three teaspoonsful of Castor Oil should be given. This should have the effect of clearing the foreign body awray.

GIDDINESS is rather a common complaint. It invariably accompanies sea-sickness. It also arises from various causes, such as stomach and liver troubles, old age, physical exertion, or mental overstrain. When stomach, liver or kidney troubles are the primary cause, the treatment should consist of a course <>f Wawn s Wonder-Pills, as they act directly on these organs, and thoroughly cleanse the system.

CHOKING.—Slap the person on the back smartly with the open hand, as this may be the means of dislodging the obstruction. Should this fail, lay the patient on his back, with the head slightly raised; insert a rolled-up handkerchief in the mouth to keep it open, then insert the first two fingers at the sides of the mouth and work them as far as possible down the throat over the root of the tongue; then try and grip the object with the fingers. If you are unable to do so, work the finger about, as this will probably cause vomiting and remove the obstruction.

GAS SUFFOCATION is an accident that is likely to occur at any time, owing to a jet having been left turned on. On no account enter the room where an escape of gas has taken place with a naked light. The first thing to be done is to remove the patient into pure air, then loosen all tight clothing and dash cold water in the face; the tongue should be pulled out and kept in that position. Medical aid should be summoned if the patient does not recover within a reasonable time.

BATHS.—Dissolve a teaspoon of bi-carbonate of soda (ordinary baking soda) in your bath and it will neutralise the odor of perspiration; it is also cleansing and cooling. A hot bath often has a beneficial effect on a person who feels tired and weary, and when taken before retiring has the effect of producing a peaceful sleep. A hot bath is also useful in warning off a cold, especially if fever is also present. The temperature should be ip the vicinity of 100 degrees.

U

FISHBONE IN THE THROAT.—An excellent way of retnov-ing the bone is to swallow lumps of dry bread; this will invariably have the desired effect.

COLD FEET.—This is a sign of deficient circulation; exercise should be taken freely; wear thick woollen socks and damp-proof footwear. Before retiring wrap the feet in Wawn’s Wonder-Wool and a pleasing, tingling, heat-producing sensation will soon be felt, and a comfortable rest will be assured.

REDUCING WAISTS.—An excellent exercise for reducing the waist is to raise the arms straight above the head, palms together, take a deep breath, rising on the toes, expel the breath as the arms are dropped, and come down on the heels at the same time. Then stoop over and touch the floor with your fingers without bending the knees. Next clasp the hands behind the head, and with a swaying motion bend as far as possible on one side, and again as far as possible on the other. Each of these movements to be gone through about six times night and morning.

SLEEPLESSNESS.—There are many methods of inducing sleep. One old-fashioned remedy is to read in bed; this takes the mind off the worries of the day, and has much to recommend it. But sometimes neuralgia or other nerve pains is a bar to sleep. In cases of this kind Wawn’s Wonder-Tabs act in a miraculous manner. Its soothing effects soon alleviate the pain, and the person goes off into a peaceful slumber. Wawn’s Wonder-Tonic should also be taken to prevent a recurrence of the trouble, and generally tone up the system. When old age is the cause of sleeplessness, an alcoholic stimulant, on retiring, will often have the desired effect. Then again, elderly people frequently wake in the early hours of the morning, and are unable to go to sleep again. If a little nourishment is placed at the bedside, and partaken of as soon as the person wakes, sleep will usually follow, as very often the cause of early morning insomnia is hunger.

THINGS IN THE NOSE.—Children are apt to insert things in the nose in play. A simple manner of dislodging anything from the nostril is to press the finger on the free nostril and make the child blow through the other one. If this fails, try and remove it by sliding the blunt end of a hairpin behind the object and snaring it in that manner. If this proves unsuccessful, take the child to the doctor immediately, as the sooner it is removed the easier it will be, more especially in the case of a pea, or something of vegetable origin, as the moisture from the nose will cause the object to swell.

SPRAINS are very painful. They may occur in any joints, but by far the most frequent is the knee, the wrist and the ankle joints. Sprains require immediate treatment. Remove the boot at once if the ankle is sprained, as it will cause great pain to do so after the ankle has swelled. To minimise the swelling apply cold cloths to the joint affected. Then wrap the part in Wawn's AVonder-Wool. This will have a most soothing effect, and will surely allay the pain. Afterwards the joint should be bandaged tightly and completely rested. As stiffness of the joint usually follows, it is advisable to massage twice daily with Wawn’a Wonder-Balm before bandaging. This will also hasten recovery.

HICCUPS, or as it is sometimes called Hiccoughs, is a most annoying and distressing trouble, and comes on most unexpectedly. A very simple yet effective method of relieving this trouble is to take a deep breath, bringing the arms together above the head at the same time, then restore them to the sides again; repeat this movement until relief is obtained. Another simple method that has met with much success is to put the tongue out of the mouth as far as possible, and count 100 while the breath is held; repeat this as often as is necessary.

TOOTHACHE.—If a defective tooth is the cause of this trouble have it seen to by a dentist at first opportunity. For a decayed tooth, immediate relief will be gained by inserting a wad of Wawn’a Wonder-Wool, moistened with spirits, in the cavity of the tooth. If the tooth has no hole in it, rubbing Wawn’s Wonder-Balms on the gums adjacent to the roots of the tooth will stop the pain, and Wonder-Tabs act like magic.

EARACHE is a complaint that causes intense pain. Sometimes the suffering is almost unbearable, the usual cause being inflammation. Children suffer from this trouble more frequently than adults, and it generally accompanies such ailments as Scarlet Fever, Measles, Influenza, Diphtheria and Whooping ‘Cough. Apply Wawn’s Wonder-Wool to tke offending ear, and allowing “the magic wrap” to drive the pain away, also insert a small piece into the ear. Warm oil dropped into the ear is very beneficial, and frequently syringing the ear with a solution of Bi-carbonate of Soda will relieve all pain.

THINGS IN THE EAR.—All manner of things, such as beads, cherry stones, etc., are placed in the ears by children, and now and then a small insect crawls in and causes discomfort. An excellent plan to remove a cherry stone or similar foreign body is to pass the looped end of a hairpin behind the object and pull it out in that manner. Be most careful not to place anything sharp in the ear in the endeavour to remove an object, as a permanent injury may be done to the ear-drum should the hand slip. Insects may be removed from the ear passage by blowing some tobacco smoke in. This will usually cause the insect to come out. If this is unsuccessful, a little sweet oil poured Into the ear will no doubt smother the insect, when It can readily be syringed out. By holding a light close to the ear the insect will frequently come out, being attracted to the light. Syringing the ear with warm water will frequently dislodge an object that cannot be recovered by other methods. In syringing, always direct the stream of water along the top of the ear passage, so that the backwash, in running out, will carry with it anything lying in the cavity. One important thing to remember is never to use a syringe when the article is a pen or n piece of wheat, corn, or anything of vegetable origin, as the water will cause these to swell and make it more difficult to dislodge them.

HEARTBURN is a disorder commonly associated with indigestion. Food of a starchy or sugary nature should be avoided by those who suffer from this distressing trouble. Ten drinking and tobacco smoking should only be Indulged in sparingly, if not given up for the time being. A most excellent remedy for this complaint is Wawn’s Wonder-Mint, as it tones up the digestive organs and causes this distressing trouble to disappear altogether.    ,    ;    , j ,

How to Act . in Cases of Poisoning

On the first intimation of poison having been taken in excessive quantity, send for a doctor at once, but the following notes will tell you what to do until he arrives.

ACETIC ACID.—Recognised by its vinegar smell; strongly corrosive. Give plenty of chalk and water or soap and water. Demulcent drinks (see footnote) in plenty.

AMMONIA.—Recognised by its smell. Commonly known as liquid ammonia or spirits of hartshorn. Administer vinegar and water fairly freely and keep patient in the fresh air. Demulcent drinks (see footnote).

ARSENIC.—A white powder. Occurs in rat poison and some sheep dipping compounds. If obtainable, give dialysed iron followed by common salt and water or calcined magnesia (not carbonate). An emetic (see footnote) is useful, followed by olive oil and demulcent drinks (see footnote). Sustain the patient by stimulants.

CARBOLIC ACID.—Has a distinctive smell. Give an emetic (see footnote) at once (promptitude is of great importance), follow with white of eggs freely, together with plenty of sweet or olive oil. Purge with Epsom salts as soon as possible. <Emetic, see footnote).

CORROSIVE SUBLIMATE (Mercuric Chloride).-—Occurs in k fluid state as an antiseptic lotion or a bug poison. Solid, it is v bite, has a sweetish taste, and is used by shepherds. Treat the case with plenty of white of eggs and demulcent drinks (see footnote).

LAUDANUM, MORPHIA OR ANY OPIATE.— Empty the stomach with an emetic (see footnote). Stimulate the patient in every way to prevent sleep by means of cold water, fresh air, walking exercise, pinching, ammonia, etc. Once allowed to go to sleep, recovery is difficult.

OXALIC ACID.-—Give a thin paste of chalk and water. Use as little water as possible.

To obtain chalk quickly, use whitening or whitewash off the ceiling, etc.

PHOSPHOROUS.—Occurs in rat paste and matches. Empty the stomach with an emetic (see footnote) and the bowels with a purgative. On no account give fats. Demulcent drinks (see footnote).

PRECIPITATE, RED AND WHITE.—Compounds of Mercury, freely used in the form of ointment powder. First give an emetic, and, after vomiting, raw eggs. Demulcent drinks (see footnote).

PRUSSIC ACID.—Has a strong, bitter almond smell. Produces a fatal result quickly, so that rapid action is necessary.

Obtain medical assistane« immediately, and in the meantime keep the patient in a good current of air. Let him inhale the rapor of ammonia. Assist the breathing with artificial respiration.

SALTS OF LEMON (-See Oxalic Acid).

SPIRITS OF SALTS.—Either chalk, bi-earbonate of potash or magnesia in water freely, at once, or soap and water or oil and lime water. Oil, milk, eggs, demulcent drinks are all useful to soothe the burnt stomach.

STRYCHNINE.—Causes great muscular contortions. Give immediately any sedative or sleep-producing remedy such as chloral, chloroform, laudanum or morphia, bromide of potassium, sulplional, etc.

SUGAR OF LEAD, LEAD POTION, OR ANY LEAD POISON. —Give plenty of Epsom salts and water, then an emetic; afterwards raw egg| and milk.

DEMULCENT DRINKS.—Starch and Water. Flour and Water. White of Eggs. Glycerine. Linseed Tea. Barley W’ater.

EMETICS.—Salt and Water. Mustard and Water. Ipecacuanha Wine.

General Information.

The Three Thermometers,

These are known as Fahrenheit (F.), Centigrade (C), and Reaumur (R.).

The F. is in general use in this country, except for many scientific purposes, when the C. is very often adopted, the use of which is likely, in course of time, to become general. The use of the R. is mainly confined to Russia.

The fixed points of the three instruments are:—Boiling: F., 212; C., 100; R., 80 (a). Freezing: F., 32; C., 0 (zero); R., 0 (zero) (b).

(a) Heat of boiling water, (b) Melting point of ice.

To convert Fahrenheit to Centigrade, deduct 32°, multiply by 5, divide by 9; Centigrade to Fahrenheit, multiply by 9, divide by 5, add 32°; Reaumur to Fahrenheit, multiply by 9, divide by 4, add 32°; Centigrade and Reaumur bear the relation of 5 to 4.

A Clinical Thermometer

is an instrument adapted for taking the temperature of the body. The bulb end should be held in the mouth or in the armpit for a few minutes. If the mercury sticks, hold the instrument tightly and repeatedly shake the bulb end towards the ground or gently tap the hand holding it on the table. The cost is from about 5/6. The best are verified at Kew Observatory, and arc accompanied by a certificate.

The Temperature of the Body in Health

should not be above 99.5° and should not fall below 98° in the daytime. At night it usually reads a little lower. The variation is greater with children than with adults.

The Temperature of the Body in Disease.

A reading above 100° is considered to be indicative of fever, but of course, a normal temperature may not denote perfect health. By the aid of a temperature chart, variations of the temperature of the body can be registered as taken, once or twice a day. Exercise care in using a clinical thermometer; a false reading may unnecessarily alarm or give false confidence. Temperature of 103° to 105° is dangerous in most cases. The variation is greater with children's temperature.

Cold Baths

should be taken with caution. The time to get out of cold water is when the body becomes flushed, and stimulated. If this exhilaration does not occur it is safe to assume the cold bath is injurious.

IS

Warm Baths

should not be taken when the stomach is full. They have a weakening action, especially if taken too hot, but are most useful in relieving pain arising from an inflammatory condition, especially with children. They are often successful in subduing mental restlessness and inducing sleep. The heat of the bath for general purposes should be about the same as the heat of the body. The addition of a little ammonia is refreshing to the skin and tends to counteract depression.

Turkish Bath.

A simple way of taking a Turkish bath at home is as follows:—Place a lighted methylated spirit lamp under a wicker-seated chair and raise the feet on a footstool. Completely envelop the naked body, all except the head, with blankets. When the sitter has perspired freely and sufficiently, let him step into a bath of water about 70° or 80°, or colder if he can stand it.

Poultices,

These are useful only when hot, so that a good poultice is one that is applied as hot as the patient can bear it and retain Us heat. They should be frequently changed to produce good results.

To make a Bread Poultice cover the bread with boiling water, stand it in front of a good fire to soak, pour off the water, add more boiling water and let it soak again. Finally, drain off superfluous water, beat up the bread with a fork, and spread evenly, quite an inch thick, on linen placed on a very hot plate. Turn over the edges of the linen to prevent the poultice escaping.

To make a Linseed Meal Poultice add the meal to the boiling water until sufficiently thick. Mustard may, if required, be mixed with the meal.

Hot Fomentation.

The most useful of all domestic remedies for relieving pain and local inflammatory conditions. To prepare, dip two or three thicknesses of flannel into boiling w’ater, wring out in a strong towel, apply as hot as possible, and cover with a macintosh. Eucalyptex or Pain Drops can be sprinkled on the surface of the flannel and applied next to the skin.

USEFUL HINTS.

It will be useful to remember in case of illness: —

To give a sick room as much fresh air as possible.

To sit and talk to an invalid not stand round the bed.

To keep food out of a sick room as much as possible.

To simmer, not boil, beef tea or mutton broth.

To tempt the appetite by pleasing the eye with cleanliness and daintiness.

To give time for the last meal to have digested before offering another.

To use a medicine glass, not domestic spoons for measuring medicines.

To thoroughly cook all farinaceous foods.

To be cheerful and hopeful, but not too sympathetic, with a patient.

Not to bother an invalid with fussy attentions.

WAWN'S WONDER-TONIC

NERVE NOURISHER and BRAIN FOOD

The only Preparation containing all the Constituents of which the Corporeal Structure is formed, and being the richest of all in Phosphatic Elements is an Ideal Ionic, Nerve Nourisher and Brain Food together. It cures Weakness, Nervousness, Debility, Anaemia, Nervous Exhaustion, Sleeplessness, revives the Spirits and arrests Premature Decay.


Infants’ Ailments

Infant Feeding.

In the feeding of Infants a good'deal must be left to the discretion of mothers and nurses as to quantity, as no two children are alike.

Most mothers find it advisable to supplement a diet of milk and water with some recognised Infants’ food. Diluted cow’s milk does not afford sufficient nourishment and its curd is very difficult of digestion by an infant. A food such as Lactogen gets over this difficulty and provides adequate nourishment.

When once the baby’s food is made it should be kept in an absolutely clean vessel, protected from dust, and in as cool a place as possible.

The quantity required for a meal should be poured into the child’s bottle and warmed to the right temperature (viz., that of the body, 99° F.) by standing the bottle in hot water, or by heating in a saucepan.

It is a good plan to keep a little water hot during the night for warming the food as required, but the food itself must on no account be kept hot in a food warmer or by other means, or the milk will turn sour.

The greatest care must be taken with milk to ensure its being free from all taint of sourness or decomposition, the neai'-est trace of which will set up fermentation in a whole bottle lull, especially in hot weather.

At the eighth month, about the time of weaning, some change in the food may be introduced, and one of the things generally recommended is raw meat juice, which may be made by adding an equal weight of water to minced raw beef. Then let this stand in a warm place for half an hour and squeeze through muslin to express the juice.

Weight.—The usual weight of an infant at birth is from 6 to 8 lbs. and during the first six months of life there is a weekly increase of from 5 to 8 ozs., so that the weight at birth is doubled at the fifth month, and trebled at the twelfth. If the weekly increase during the first six months exceeds 8 ozs., the child is probably over-fed, and if it falls below 5 ozs. it points to too little food being assimilated. From six to nine months the increase falls in amount from about 2 to 6 ozs., possibly on account of disturbances set up by teething. A child weighing 7 lbs. at birth should weigh 12 lbs. at three months, 14 lbs. at five months, and 21 lbs. at twelve months; but, of course, it must not be interpreted too rigidly, as there may be considerable fluctuations in perfectly healthy infants. Any departure from the normal weight should, however, be watched. A baby weighing, say, 6 lbs. at birth will only increase in proportion to its initial weight, and may fall some pounds short at the end of the year to the normal weight of 21 lbs. In the first few days after birth there may be actual decrease in weight, and therefore the progress made during the first fortnight is not considerable,

Dentition,

The two lower middle teetli should be cut at from 6 to 8 months; the four upper middle teeth should be cut at from 8 to 12 months; the two lower side middle teeth (lateral incisors) should be cut at from 8 to 10 months; the four back teeth (anterior molars) should be cut at from 12 to 15 months; the four eye teeth (canines) should be cut at from 16 to 24 months; the other four back teeth (posterior molars) should be cut at from 24 to 30 months. In good health the teeth are generally cut in pairs.

Muscular Development,

The infant should be able to grasp objects placed in sight and hold up its bead when the body is held in the erect position at from 4 to 4^ months; should be able to sit up for a few minutes at 7 months; commence to crawl at 10 months; commence to stand, and soon afterwards to walk, at from 12 to 15 months.

Constipation,

Constipation and diarrhoea are the result of errors in diet, are caused, in the great majority of cases, by the indigestion set up by acidity from the milk not being sufficiently fresh, which is constantly the case in large towns.

To correct the acidity and consequent constipation lime water is frequently added to the milk. The only objection to this is that its power to neutralise the acidity is weak, and lime in all its forms is itself constipating.

Children’s Ailments.

By the early identification of any ailment, and by prompt recourse to proper treatment, a child’s life may often be saved, whilst, on the other hand, unnecessary alarm may often be allayed or prevented. Fuller particulars and treatment of these ailments will be found under their' respective headings.

BRONCHITIS.—May begin with an ordinary feverish cold, which gradually spreads downwards. Temperature often rises to 103° or 104°. Labored breathing, the nostrils dilating with each breath. Very troublesome cough, usually continuing during sleep. In a mild case the cough and rattling is usually loud, and plenty of air enters the lungs. In a serious case there is, besides the rapid breathing, blue lips and a constant little muffled cough. (See Page 34).

CHICKEN-POX.—Rash at first, made up of small red spots filled with a clear watery fluid which comes out gradually in crops, especially abundant on the face, back and head. They dry up, forming small scabs, which in about a week fall off.

The period of incubation is 14 days, and the period of isolation should be continued until all the scabs have fallen off. (See Page 37).

CONVULSIONS.—Attack may come on suddenly, without warning. More often it is preceded by restlessness, twitching or grinding of the teeth. Spasms begin commonly in the hands, usually the right hand; eyes fixed, staring or rolled up; body becomes stiff and breathing stopped for a moment or two. Convulsions follow, eyes roll about, hands and arms twitch, or bend or straighten in rhythmical movements, face contorted, head thrown back. Attack may subside and child fall asleep, or attacks may occur frequently and child die in a deep coma. Pending the arrival of a doctor give a hot bath at once. (See Page 40).

CROUP.—Child awakes in early morning with oppressed breathing; harsh, hoarse, croupy cough with a metallic ring, and huskiness of voice. The face Is congested and may be of a bluish tinge. The attack passes off abruptly and may be repeated next night and for several nights. The condition is often associated with rickets. (See Page 41).

DIARRHOEA (Infantile).—The bowels are loose, the child passing an acid, greenish yellow, foul-smelling liquid, containing in all probability lumps of undigested food. Later on the motion becomes colorless and resembles rice water. The child suffers from pain and cramps, is very restless, and wastes rapidly, the face quickly becoming pinched and the eyes sunken. There is fever, great thirst, and constant vomiting. (See Page 42).

HUPMTHEMiA.— I'he onset is insidious, with slight fevel\ lethargy, drowsiness, pallor, huskiness, or hoarseness. One of the most constant symptoms is a great proetration ef strength. White, leathery-looking patches form on the tonsils and uvula. The neck glands are enlarged. Fever may be only moderate, and there may or may not be a rash.

The period for ineubation is 2 days, and the period of isolation should last for 4 weeks at least. (See Page 48).

FEVER.—Rise of temperature, the amount of whieh can easily be ascertained by a clinical thermometer. To take the temperature, shake down the Index of the thermometer until It is below the normal, 98.4° (marked by an arrow). Then insert in the fold of the groin the thigh being bent np so as to bury the instrument in its crease .

Feverish attacks may be divided as follows:—Things common to all feverish attacks—restlessness and irritability, skin dry and hot, especially the head, which feels burning, breath short and quick, and fast pulse. It may be noted that during the first year in health the pulse keep above 100. During the seeond or third year at or rather under 100.

Simple Feverish Attacks, so common in young children: Temperature quickly up and quickly down. A slight cold will often send the temperature up to 102° or 108°, quickly falling to 100*. Persistent high temperature points to something much more serious. ,

GERMAN MEASLES.—Discharge from the nose and eyes with some fever; rash appears on the first or second day, attacking first the face, then the chest, and subsequently the entire body. The spots are circular, oval, slightly raised, and of a pinkish-red hue; the color is brighter than that of the measles’ rash and the patches less crescentic in shape.

MEASLES.—Coughing, sneezing, running at the eyes and nose, aching of the limbs, vomiting and fever. The glands in the neck enlarge. On the third day the discharge from the eyes and nose is profuse, and cough may be very troublesome. Eruption of the characteristic crescentie red spots begins on the forehead and sides of the face, appearing later on other portions of the body. Temperature may reach 104°. Rash fades about the sixth or seventh day, fever suddenly drops, and convalescence sets in.

The period of ineubation is 14 days, and the period of isolation should continue for 8 weeks at least after rash. (See Page

59).

MUMPS.—Child complains of pain below the ear on one side, and there is some swelling of the neck and side of the cheek. Slight fever. In a day or two the other side becomes also affected. There Is sometimes great difficulty In taking food, swallowing and speaking. The flow of saliva is often Increased. In any suspected case keep the child as warm as possible until the arrival of the doctor. (See Page 60).

’I'h« period of incubation is 21 days, and the period of, isolation should last until all swelling lias gone—4 weeks at least.

QUINSY.—There is considerable fever and constitutional disturbance with great prostration, delirium, soreness and dryness of the throat, with pain on swallowing. One or both tonsils may be affected, becoming enlarged, firm, dusky red, and puffy. There is much swelling of adjacent parts. The glands of the neck are enlarged, the lower jaw fixed so that, the mouth cannot he opened. (See Page 73).

RICKETS.—Irritability, restlessness, sleeplessness, profuse sweating of head and neck, particularly when the child is asleep. Nutrition is much impaired, and digestive disturbances prominent. There is slight fever. The gait is feeble and unsteady. There Is a general soreness of the body, which is so marked that the child cries when moved. The skin Is pale, the tissues soft and flabby; the head looks large, and the “openings” remain for a long time. Teething is late. The abdomen is prominent, and when the child begins to walk the legs become bowed and knock-knees develop. The child is often pigeon-breasted.

SCARLET FEVER (or Scarlatina) .—Throat almost always affected, being very red and swollen. Rash comes out on second clay as small red spots, which quickly spread until the whole skin becomes scarlet. Fever slowly abates and in a week should have entirely disappeared, when peeling of the skin commences. (See Page 82.)

TONSiLITIS.—Begins with aching pains in the limbs and hack and shivering. The temperature may rise to 105®. Sore throat and difficulty in swallowing are early symptoms. The tonsils are swollen, the glands in the neck enlarged, the tongue furred, and the breath heavy and foul. The pulse and respiration are accelerated. The voice has a nasal twang. There is more or less prostration of strength. (See Page 85.)

WHOOPING COUGH.—Commences as an ordinary cold, or respiratory catarrh, the cough gradually becoming more pronounced and convulsive until the characteristic “whoop” is developed. The paroxysms of coughing are followed by vomiting. The face becomes swollen and congested during each attack, while the veins become prominent and the eyeballs protrude.

Period of ineubation, 8 days; and period of isolation should last until spasmodic cough and whoop have ceased for 2 weeks. (See Page 89.)

WORMS.—Symptoms of the presence of worms are most prominent in nervous children and take the form of restlessness, irritability, picking of the nose, grinding of the teeth, twitchings, or convulsions. See Pages 90-91.)

General Ailments

Giving Symptoms and Treatments Recommended

ABSCESS.

A localised formation of puss or matter in an organ or tissue of the body. It is the result of intense inflammatory action, and may be caused by injuries or by an unhealthy state of the blood or constitution. An abscess may be acute or chronic. The former develops quickly, with great pain, heat, and swelling, and is likely to extend into neighboring parts. If it be not attended to at once by a skilled surgeon, widespread mischief may be the result. A chronic abscess is slow to mature. In chronic abscesses the usual treatment is to paint over the parts with Iodine so as to promote absorption or to hasten maturation.

ACIDITY (of the Stomach).

Hydrochloric and lactic acids are natural to the stomach. The former does most of the work of digestion. It helps the pepsin to break up and liquefy the food. Whenever it is deficient, digestion is impaired, the nutriment ferments, and rancid, irritating acids are formed. This is one of the most common symptoms of indigestion.

Treatment,— (See Indigestion, Page 51.)

ACNE (Blackheads).

is most common during the years of puberty, and is met with in both sexes. It is caused by over-secretion of the oil-glands of the skin. These become blocked up, and pimples are produced with “black heads,” hence their popular name. Acne is an ailment of by no means a serious nature, although it may last for a long time. Its disfiguring effect is what is most dreaded, as it generally occurs on the face and neck, where it cannot be concealed. The contents of the pimple can be squeezed out by pressure between the fingers or by using a tube such as the pipe of a small key, which should be pressed over the pimple. Acne rosacea is the name given to the condition of the nose when it becomes swollen and purple, and which Is associated with the excessive use of wine or spirits.

Treatment.—Exercise should be of a brisk or active kind. Open-air exercise will give the necessary muscular play.

Cold baths taken daily are merely a form of active exercise. By reducing bodily heat they help to use up excess of fat,

SOAP.—Wawn’g Antiseptic Soap is best. Employed in conjunction with very hot water, for steaming the face at bedtime, is excellent in some cases, but not. In all.

DIET should be plain and wholesome; greasy, rich foods should be avoided.

Wawn’g Calamine and Sulphur Lotion (See Page 101), applied night and morning, is the best lotion for Acne.

APERIENTS.—Wawn’s Wonder Salts (See Page 101), taken in Warm Water first tiling in the morning. An occasional dose of “Wonder Pills’* is also recommended to be taken.

AGUE.

A very old name for a fever, in which there are paroxysms made up of three stages—shivering, feverishness and sweating. Medically known as Malarial Fever, under which it is fully dealt with. (See Malarial Fever, Page 58).

AMENORRHOEA.

Arrested menstration arises from many causes.

Amenorrhoea is common among young girls who are bloodless and lacking in stamina, whose functional development has been retarded by an excessive strain on the physical or mental powers. Exposure to cold, getting wet, nervous excitement, and change of air from country to town, will induce it at times.

Treatment.—Fematon, “A Woman’s Tonic,” is the treatment recommended. It gives help where help is most needed. It makes weak women strong and sick women well. (See Page 97).

ANAEMIA (or Bloodlessness).

When a girl develops into womanhood, or the boy takes on the functions of a man, the system is greatly taxed. The muscles want plenty of play in the open air, and the appetite requires to be satisfied with a liberal supply of wholesome food. Modern styles of living—want of exercise, and neglect of elementary laws of health—are not conducive to the due development of the frame or to richness of blood. The blood becomes poor and watery, bereft of red corpuscles, lacking iron. This is called anaemia, and, if complicated with perverted uterine functions, chloro-anaemia or chlorosis. The skin is pale and clear, with sometimes a greenish tint; the lips and eyes are blanched; shortness of breath occurs on slight exertion; headache, backache, giddiness, even fainting, and great lassitude, are its common symptoms.

Treatment:—APERIENTS—According to Sir Andrew Clark, the most potent cause of anaemia is constipation. Faecal poisons

are absorbed from the bowels and enter the blood, destroying the red blood corpuscles. “Wonder-Pills” are recommended as an aperient and should be taken when necessary, also an occasional dose of Wonder Salts. Iron forms an essential constituent of the blood, and when given in anaemia, almost invariably cures. It must be continued for a length of time. Ironated Pills (See Page 101) are recommended to be taken regularly and continued for at least a month.

ANGINA PECTORIS.

As its derivation indicates, Angina Pectoris means severe pain in the chest. It is known, perhaps, more familiarly as “breast pang,” or spasm of the chest. The condition is one which is in reality more of a symptom than a distinct malady. It may be looked upon as pointing to the existence of a permanently diseased state of the blood vessels of the heart or of the organ itself, or to some temporary disorder of the nerves. Requires medical attention and supervision.

APHONIA (or Loss of Voice).

This is generally one of the symptoms of a common cold. The vocal cords become relaxed like the strings of a violin when screwed up, and like them in that condition, refuse to give out a clear sound.

Treatment.—The throat should be well protected, and cold and fog and night air should be avoided.

Wawn’s Inhalant (See Page 101) will be found an excellent remedy. Wonder Jubes (See Page 69) should also be taken as they have a most soothing action on the throat.

APOPLEXY.

A popular ferm given to a condition which is almost invariably produced by bleeding in or upon the brain. Requires medical attention and supervision.

ASTHMA,

SYMPTOMS.—A disease, which affects the breathing, in which the bronchial tubes of the lungs are involved. There is every reason for holding the opinion that Asthma is in great part a nervous affection, nevertheless, the real cause is derangement of the nerves connected with the breathing. A certain amount of bronchial catarrh is developed in Asthma. Some catarrh of the bronchial tubes—that is, Bronchitis—is almost invariably present in all chronic cases of the disease.

Asthma is more common in men than women, and is often transmitted from parents to children. It is frequently associated with diseases of the nose, and will frequently disappear when these are attended to. (See Nasal Catarrh, Page 62.)

A typical attack of Asthma generally comes on during the night. The patient is awakened with intense difficulty in getting his breath and a smothering sensation.

The noise made in breathing is considerable. It has that peculiar whistling or piping sound known as wheezing, and may be heard for some distance away. __

Treatment.—Nothing is so beneficial as a complete change. A Wonder-Wool Singlet (See treatment, Bronchitis) should be regularly worn, renewing from time to time, and when necessary for extra strength, sprinkling same with AVhisky, Brandy, Methylated Spirits or Vinegar. Care should be taken of diet. Constipation should not be allowed, an occasional dose of Wonder Tills being taken when necessary, and a strong dose of Wawn’s Asthma Mixture (See page 101) taken in time will fequently ward oft a threatened attack. Wawn’s Inhalant and Wawn’s Asthma Powder (See Page 101) have been found to be most beneficial and are strongly recommended, miraculous results having frequently been obtained from their use.

BACKACHE.

SYMPTOMS.—Backache is a symptom indicating the presence of some existing disease, and usually associates itself with those “aches” occurring in the region of the small of the back, but does not include those acute general diseases in which backache occurs, as in Smallpox, Influenza, etc. In by far the greater number of instances that pain or stab in the small of the back is due to muscular Rheumatism or Lumbago. (See treatise on Rheumatism, Page 77.)

Such is the dread of anything being wrong with the kidneys that patients usually ascribe every pain in the back to the onset of Bright’s or some other disease of the kidneys. When the kidneys are attacked, however, the pain is not usually felt so much in the “small <?f the back,” but perhaps a little higher up.

Women are the chief sufferers from backaches, largely due to disorders of the internal organs peculiar to their sex. Frequently the pain in the back arises from any affection of these organs, and is often worse before a monthly period comes on and, perhaps, as long as it continues. An enlarged womb is frequently the cause of severe backache.

When pain in the back is due to any disorder of a woman’s internal organs there will usually be some disturbance of the monthly flow. Either excessive in quantity or continued pain. Fematon, “A Woman’s Tonic,” is the treatment recommended. (See Page 97.)

Treatment.—Apply Wonder-Wool moistened with spirits or vinegar and wear regularly, re-moistonlng from time to time as required. A Wonder-Wool Backache belt is recommended to be worn in such cases. This can be quickly made by stitching Wonder-Wool on to a broad Flannel Belt,

The internal treatment recommended for Backache is Wawn's Bucini Bitters (Se Page 101). The general appearance of the urine should be carefully noted, and failing any improvement, it would be advisable to consult a Doctor. Wonder Pills should also be regularly taken as they greatly assist Buchu Bitters in its work.

THE ART OF BANDAGING.

As with everything else there is a right way and a dozen or more wrong ones—in fact, hundreds. The object of the bandage is to ensure protection and support, and both are rather comprehensive terms. As the mind is on bandages for fractures, necessarily the material must be strong, but strength is sometimes achieved by doubling and even trebling. Wawn’s “Wonder” Medicine Cabinet contains an assortment of Bandages. Stronger bandages can be prepared by tearing up sheets, the width depending on the nature of what has to be dealt with.

The rules for applying bandages are those which are dictated by common sense, but—improved by experience. First of all the bandage must be rolled firmly and evenly, then the roll must be held close to it as the work is carried out. Yet there is very little in the way of anatomy that does not vary, and hence the necessity of getting the bandage to “fit” as the process is continued. In this connection the reader will notice in the illustration “B” how the bandage is turned. This is called “reversing,” and it is just what gets over any difficulty. Then in bandaging the hand or foot the ends of the fingers or toes should never be covered, as only by watching them will it be possible to detect if the bandage is too tight, and it must not be so, or it will impede the circulation.

While in soilie cases a bandage, with a little sticking plaster, will always suffice, nevertheless there are others where whatever was displaced can be kept in position only by the use of splints, and if something is said about them it will still be with a full recognition of the fact that in nine cases out of ten the trouble will demand the attention of a thoroughly competent hand. The selection of the material will depend on the nature of the injury —pasteboard, strong leather and wrood in that order. Leather, if right, has one great advantage—pliability, combined with strength. Whether pasteboard or leather, it should be soaked in hot water before applying, then, when flexible, applied, and then, when dry, removed, as it will then have taken its required shape. And then the splint should be covered with cotton

"A”—Of Bandaging a Finger, a* «ay the Forefinger. Note the way the hand«#« is brought over to the wrist.

“F” —Of Bandaging (be Head.    '


"B ’ —Of "Reversing” Ihe bandage to »evttre fit and ensure snugnesa.

‘C”—Of Bandaging the Foot.

"D”—Of Bandaging the Knee, hot note that it is a complicated process requiring

"E”—Of Bandaging the Leg, foot to knee, with a splint, aa even more difficult eoe.

In every case WAWN’S “Won* der” Medicine Cabinet plays an important part and should always be kept in the house Cor that roa* »ga.

sheeting with the object of giving it a padding, and there will always be a projection on the edges where the bandaging is to cease, to prevent chafing, as the reader will see by noticing the illustration “E.”

The only necessity for saying anything in. addition to the foiegoing is to provide a warning. A careful study of the illustrations will, it Is hoped, convince the reader that injuries requiring what may be called an elaborate bandaging are such as demand a surgeon’s attention, or, at least, a well trained nurse’s. There are dressings and bandagings that call for the use of such materials as starch, glue and plaster-of-paris, and, speaking of the last, there is the method of the “fracture-box,” but respecting this, which might be employed with a bad fracture of the leg, the reader is reminded of the maxim that "a little knowledge is a dangerous thing,” meaning if the person having no more attempts too much. The Illustrations are to Instruct, but they are with the remark that broken bones call for a surgeon.

^    BILIOUSNESS.

SYMPTOMS.—Biliousness is usually caused by errors in eating and drinking, constipation, sedentary occupations, or indolent habits and want of sufficient or proper exercise. In addition to these there is, in numerous cases, an inherited tendency to liver disorders. If a person is born with a disposition to biliousness, he will be likely to suffer from it all through life.

An attack is usually accompanied with nervous prostration. Biliousness is due to an excessive accumulation of Bile. The tongue is furred and coated, and there is excessive vomiting, either of bile or biliary fluid; frequently associated with diarrhoea and sometimes headache, as well as a peculiar brassy taste in the mouth.

Treatment.—Copious drinks of Hot Water have been found very beneficial. Wawn’s Wonder-Pills will not only cure an attack by assisting to get rid of the Bile, but will frequently ward off an attack if taken in time. Should there be any tendency to Diarrhoea, a good dose of Castor Oil should be taken, followed by doses of Wonder Mint in a little water every three hour*.

It Is advisable to keep the digestive organs as quiet as possible during an attack, and no solid food should bo taken, the diet being restricted to liquid or semi-liquid feed.

BITES AND STINGS OF INSECTS.

As a general rule the bites and stings of Insects are not dangerous to life. Nevertheless, there have been many instances in which they have proved deadly. In young children who are unable to protect themselves, and who, perhaps, are attacked in a number of different parts of the body, this is more likely to occur. Even in adults, who are in an unhealthy condition, a bite or sting may prove to be the beginning of a fatal erysipelas.

TICKS.—In the scrub or hush the tick is particularly common. The female attacks the human skin, into which she inserts her probosis (snout or trunk). She then gorges herself with blood, until her body swells to the size of a pea or even larger. If the insect is torn off the probosis is left in, occasioning much inflammation and great pain. The best method is to apply a little turpentine or tobacco juice to her ladyship, which will quickly make her retract her probosis and fall off. The “Tobacco Oil,” Idown through a steam pipe by means of a handkerchief stretched over the bowl, is still more evident in its action. It will not, perhaps, be advisable to apply the “Tobacco Oil” in young children, or if there be any raw surface. Then apply Wonder Fluid, full strength, on a clean piece of wool.

ANTS.—The most violent irritation and inflammation is often set up by Ant bites. The poison is generally believed to be of the nature of Formic Acid. A little Soda or Ammonia in water is an excellent application, so also is kitchen soap or the ordinary blue bag. Ants are extremely averse to Turpentine and all similar strong-smelling substances. Probably the most effective remedy is Wonder Fluid applied full strength on Cotton Wool.

BHBS.—If the sting is left in extract it with a small pair of tweezers and apply the same remedies as for Ants.

SPIDHRS.—The bites of Spiders sometimes cause intense inflammation, the part being red, hot and swollen. Hot Fomentations are useful; Brandy and Black Coffee should also be administered if necessary; and Wonder Fluid, full strength, should be applied.

BLADDER.

(For all Affections of the Bladder see Page 64).

BLOOD PURIFIER.

(See “Urosal,” Page 75.)

BOILS

Repeated Hot Foments and Poultices are necessary to ripen the Boil. When the core comes away bathe with hot solutions of Wonder Fluid and apply Wonder Balm. Calcium Sulphida Pills in very small doses taken regularly for some time is the treatment recommended.

BREATH, BAD.

Frequently develops in consequence of some local causa connected with the teeth, mouth, gums, tonsils, nose or throat. Or it may ensue as a result of some part of the digestive system being out of order, and thus proceed from Indigestion, Constipation or Liver disturbance. Or again, it may be owing to soma diseased condition, affecting the whole system.

When indigestion is present, and the stomach out of order, the tongue will probably be foul or coated. In such cases the treatment advised under the heading of Indigestion should be faithfully complied with. As constipation is frequently the sole cause of the offensive breath, the treatment of that condition will be necessary. (See Constipation, Page 38). At other times, again, a disordered liver is the trouble, and a dose of “Wonder Pills’’ will frequently rectify this.    -

In many diseases there is a noticeable odor from the breath. Thus it is present in nearly all fevers. The secretions stagnate in the mouth and rapidly become offensive. Creme de Menthe Dental Cream is recommended to be used for cleaning the Teeth and Gums, also a mouth wash and gargle prepared from Wonder Fluid should be used two or three times a day, and will bs found most refreshing.

BRONCHITIS.

The bronchial tubes are the passages through which air passes t# the lungs, and by which we breathe. They are lined throughout by a delicate mucous membrane, which chills, cold air and other irritants, the extreme delicacy of baby structures, or the inelasticity of advancing years, render prone to inflame and over-secrete its natural mucus.

Brenahial disease is partial to the extreme» ef life. It assumes the acute form in the young child struggling with its teeth ar some infantile complaint, while the chronic form »lnglos ®ut the aged. Once established, the winter cough and chronic broaehitl» in its severe forms return regularly every Autuma. It is not diffleult to alleviate th» trouble, but it is hard ta rare it.

Treatment.—CLOTHING.—More can be done by attention to clothing in cases of chronic bronchitis than by drugs alone. The advantages of wearing flannel are obvious. Above all, the feet should be warmly shod. Patients should be urged to sleep in blankets in preference to sheets.

DIET is an important item in treatment. As the cough and expectoration are most troublesome in the morning, a cup of warm tea or coffee, with toast or a biscuit, before rising, is useful. Sufferers require a little food at frequent intervals, and should never be overfed. A light nourishing supper promotes rest and sleep. Alcohol must be taken in great moderation, as it may increase the symptoms. Malt Extract and Cod Liver Oil are helpful in weakly or strumous subjects.

Wonder-Wool Jackets are recommended to be regularly worn. These can be simply and quickly made by lining a Singlet with Wonder AVool or by cutting out a double Butter Muslin Singlet (with arm-holes only) and stitching Wonder-Wool inside. This should be worn regularly, the Wonder-Wool being changed from time to time.

Wawn’s Inhalant gives immediate ease, and is recommended to be regularly used, both as an inhalant and a few drops on sugar can also be taken internally.

Wawn’s “Old Fashioned” Cough Mixture is strongly recommended to be taken regularly to loosen the hard chest cough and get rid of the Phlegm. Warn’s Wonder Jubes will also be found most helpful.

BURNS.

Two chief factors determine the danger of a burn—the depth to which it had penetrated and the extent of surface involved. If the burn extends deeply into the flesh, involving the true skin, dreadful scars result, and when more than two-thirds of the skin’s surface is involved “breathing” from the skin is stopped, and the patient dies poisoned. Fortunately, severe burns or scalds of these types are rare. The majority of cases are of a simple and superficial character, and are easily treated. Carron Oil is the universal remedy and one which can always be relied on. Clean linen should be soaked in this and applied to the parts and changed every day or so. For healing purpose« nothing can equal Wonder Balm, which should be applied *n lint or clean linen.

Zine Dusting Powder, which is prepared from Zine Stearate, is the greatest of all remedies for Burns. It can be dusted directly en to the burn; it is not necessary to bind up or proteet trea the atmosphere; it possesses wonderful soothing pre»erties : ■eel* quickly, leaving no scar.

r-

09

CATARRH.

(See Nasal Catarrh, Page 62).

CHANGE OF LIFE.

This great physiological change—the extinction of the sexual life—-has a most important and »critical bearing on woman’s health. It is an epoch in her existence when the uterine functions are in a state of abnormal activity, and it is not astonishing that a variety of constitutional disturbances should arise, in consequence of the necessity of the various structures adapting themselves to the altered state of affairs.

The symptoms which point to a commencing menopause are very varied, and are mostly of a neurotic type, or depend on alterations of the circulation. The patient’s periods are often irregular or profuse, she complains to a variable degree of pressure, burning, giddiness, throbbing, or noises in the head. Sleeplessness, hot flushes, reumatic or neuralgic pains, hysteria, depraved temper or appetite are other signs, and all sorts of strange fancies may take possession of the mind. This is the period when the most serious cases of melancholia occur, and the intense mental depression and suffering which result not infrequently develop a suicidal tendency. Constant watchfulness, and, if possible, change of air and scene are required; but in all these cases, even those which seem the worst, there is always good reason to anticipate recovery.

The average age for the change of life to occur is forty-five. After a variable period—it may be months, possibly years—the system recovers its normal fibre. The woman takes, as it were, a new lease of life.

Treatment.—DIET must be plain and unstimulating, with little or no alcohol, and a sparing allowance of meat. Tepid baths are good, but late hours, excitement, and worry are highly prejudicial.

Fematon, “A Woman’s Tonic,” is the treatment recommended. (See Page 97.)

CHICKEN-POX.

Ohieken-pox resembles smallpox, but has no manner of connection with it. An attack of chicken-pox does not render the system proof against the smallpox, nor vice versa.

The fever is slight, the eruption, which comes out in successive crops, has no tendency to produce pits unless violently scratched, and on the third or fourth day the vesicles dry up.

Treatment.—Keep the patients in bed, put them on a milk diet, and adn^inister Wawn’s Buchu Bitters. Small doses for children.

A

Sponge the body in warm solutions of Wonder Fluid so as to relieve the itching and irritation of the rash.

CHILBLAINS.

This complaint is too well known to need any description, and occurs either as

Unbroken or Broken.

Unbroken require stimulating treatment to dispel the blood congestion. Painting with Iodine—applying Wonder Wool—as well as Wonder Balm to relieve the itchiness.

Broken Chilblains are treated with Wonder Balm only.

Internally a special Chilblain mixture is recommended, which strengthens and thickens the blood. This will be forwarded on request.

COLDS.

“A Cold" is a term of very wide signification. This article refers only to what may be called common colds, affecting the eyes, nostrils, throat, and chest, but without general or constitutional symptoms. More serious forms of colds are noticed, as Bronchitis, Influenza, Cough, &c., under their respective heads.

A cold may be caused by exposure to damp or cold or draughts, and even when a part of the body only is exposed to them. Many people are very susceptible, and frequently take it without any apparent cause. A neglected cold is the foundation of a large number of dangerous diseases, and therefore, any cold should be attended to at once. The cold bath in the morning, w.ith the use of the flesh brush previously, and plenty of brisk open air exercise, are the best preventives.

The symptoms of a common cold are running at the nose and eyes, dryness or soreness in the throat, and cough. These symptoms may exist separately, or more frequently combined. Often they succeed each other, beginning in the head, and advancing by the throat to the chest.

Treatment.—Sniff a solution of Wonder Fluid up each nostril and gargle the throat as well. Then insert Wonder Balm up each nostril and sniff well in.

Take one or two Ammoniated Quinine Tablets every four hours, also one or two Wonder Tabs and an occasional dose of Wonder Pills.

Wonder Jubes should be dissolved slowly in the mouth, as they have a soothing and healing action on the throat and bronchial tubes.

CONCUSSION OF THE BRAIN

The term concussion of the brain is employed to signify a condition in which the brain is severely shaken.

This occurs as a result of some accident, whereby a person falls, is thrown, knocked down, or is otherwise injured. He becomes, at once, unconscious—“stunned,” as the saying is. The skin is cold and clammy, and the pulse can hardly be felt. The breathing is feeble and shallow, perhaps of a sighing character. There may not be the slightest response if the patient be shouted at, or he may be roused, perhaps, a little. After a period varying from a few minutes to half an hour, or longer, he will begin to come round. This if often announced by the act of vomiting. The pulse becomes stronger, the breathing improves, and the surface of the body grows much warmer. The symptoms thus gradually pass off, although it may be several days before the patient is altogether himself again.

The treatment of concussion of the brain is not attended with any special trouble. The patient is to be put to bed, and the room kept quiet and partly darkened. He should be wrapped up in a blanket, and hot water bottles applied to his feet. In ordinary cases this is all that is required, indeed, nothing more would be advisable. But if the patient should become icy cold and collapsed, more vigorous restorative measures will be necessary. An enema of 4 or 5 tablespoonfuls of warm beef tea, to which one tablespoonful of brandy is added, will be required, every 3 or 4 hours. But if the symptoms do not soon show signs of improvement, this may have to be supplemented, each time, by an injection of strychnine under the skin.

CONSTIPATION.

If it were not for nature’s barrier—the liver—a costive person would not live for many days. Dejecta, if retained for any time, generate virulent chemical alkaloids. These are called ieucomaines or ptomaines, and are deadly poisons. They are rendered inert when brought into contact with the liver juices. The small quantity that leaks through into the system destroys the red corpuscles of the blood. A condition of ansemia or bloodlessness is the result. This is a real blood-poisoning— feecal poisoning.

When an individual works his brain much, nerve force is diverted to that organ. The intestinal nerves become torpid and lazy, and bowel movements are slowed. Constipation is frequent among brain workers.

General debility and want of tone, caused by excess of any kind or by a sedentary life, render the nerves sluggish and the digestive organs torpid. There is not sufficient peristaltic movement to carry the foods onwards.

Women are much more costive than men, and they are peculiarly subject to it during pregnancy. They have more space for distension without suffering inconvenience, and their mode of life is less active.

Treatment.—REGULARITY OF HABIT.—Evacuation of the bowel is periodical and influenced by habit. If the regular call is not obeyed, the necessity for the evacuation passes away. If the call is repeatedly neglected, habitual costiveness is the result. A regular habit can always be acquired if persistently solicited.

DIET.—If the bowels have not sufficient material to act upon they will remain costive. Therefore diet should be a full one, with plenty of coarse bulk-forming nutriment, such as fruit, vegetables, and farinaceous grains, with a modicum of animal food to make it nourishing. Fruit taken before breakfast has a valuable aperient action; oranges or apples are the best. If not available, a glass of cold water, with or without a little lemon or lime juice, can be taken instead.

Whole-meal bread has a decided tendency to promote the action of the bowels by increasing their peristaltic, or forcing-down, action. It will cure constipation when drugs entirely fail.

EXERCISE.— Brisk exercise increases the flow of bile — the natural aperient of the body—stimulates the peristaltic movements of the bowels, and is highly conducive to their regular action.

MASSAGE.—Firm kneading of the abdomen is of immense service in the constipation of young children, and even adults are sometimes benefited thereby. The massage employe 1 should be firm and deep to be effectual.

CASOARA SAGRADA.—Next to whole-meal bread the most valuable remedy we possess is Cascara Sagrada, which is a tonic laxative. The fluid extract should be given in daily doses, sufficient to cause one natural daily action of the bowels, and this should be kept up until regular habits have become established.

Wonder Pills act on the Liver, causing it to secrete more bile, which is the natural stimulant of the Bowel.

Wonder Salts dissolved in a tumbler of warm water is recommended as the early morning drink, and should be taken first thing on rising.

CONSUMPTION.

A disease-which, in its later stages, is marked by progressive wasting of the body. It may affect different parts of the system, but is especially frequent in the lungs. The malady is caused by a tiny organism, known as the Bacillus tuberculosis, or tubercle bacillus. Requires Medical treatment.

CONVULSIONS or FITS.

may occur at any age, but are commonest during the first two years of life. Rickets, indigestion, worms, wind, constipation, and especially teething, when the nervous system is sometimes highly irritated by a tooth coming through the gum, are exciting causes. Anaemia, great exhaustion, fright, and several serious diseases may also cause convulsions, a fit being the first symptom of most infectious fevers, while inflammation of the membranes of tiie brain and acute kidney disease may also produce it. A fit. may be preceded by some display of nervous excitability^ as twitching of hands and feet, or jerking of the head, arm, face, or eyes, known as “inward fits.” When the fit is fully developed, the child gets pale or blue, the eyes roll, spasms occur in various parts, and the child becomes insensible. The whole body may be stiffened and moved about violently, or only one half, one arm or leg, or one side of the face may “work.” Note the signs for the doctor’s guidance—'whether the child cries, or bites its tongue; in what part the fits begin, and how often they cur; whether the twitchings are limited or general, or affect one half of the body more than the other, and which half. Spasms confined to one side may indicate brain disease, and a squint is a bad sign.

For treatment, undress the child and place it in a hot bath (to which some mustard may be added) until the skin is reddened; unload the stomach by giving a teaspoonful of Ipecacuanha Wine (to induce vomiting); relieve the bowels by an injection of soap and water. Then lay the child in bed on its side,and take care to prevent it from injuring itself during the struggles. Stave off exhaustion by nourishing food—milk, beef tea, or meat jelly. If the child cannot swallow, the doctor will probably give nutritive injections by the bowels. If worms are the cause, they must be removed; if teething, with swollen and tender gums, the doctor may lance the gums. After the attack the general condition must be toned up, the bowels regulated, the child warmly clad, and taken out daily. A course of Cod-Liver Oil has surprisingly good results. For ADULTS.-—Bromide of Potash given internally seems to. be the only remedy of any use, and a course of Wonder Tonic can be recommended.

COUGHS.

A cough is one of the first symptoms of a cold, of inflammatory conditions of the lungs or the chest, of a disordered stomach, of nervous and other diseases. It is at once the system’s cry for help and a curative effect.

The air-passages are lined with a delicate membrane, sensitive to the most trivial influences. The throat sounds an alarm if the slightest irritant is lodged on the mucous surfaces. By the forced expiration of coughing, foreign matter, such as mucous, is expelledi from the larynx or bronchial tubes.

When a person has anything the matter with his chest or throat, a cough is a therapeutic agency to get him well again. The series of rapid breaths has a most salutory effect. They increase the action of the heart and circulation, and drive the blood to the surface.

Treatment—LEARNING TO COUGH—Much inconvenience can be ayerted by instructing a patient to cough properly. The expiratory effort should be delayed until the secreted mucus is felt to bejvithin reach, when one moderately strong cough will

expel it. £

The cough of nervousness or hysteria is largely under the will’s control, and sufferers must be told sternly to cease from coughing.

An elongated uvula—if the cause of cough—should be pain-led with Glycerine and Tannin, or gargled with a solution of Wonder Fluid.

MUCILAGINOUS DRINKS.—Most valuable aids to soothe irritated mucous membrane and a teasing, hacking cough are bland non-irritating beverages, such as Barley-water, Linseed-tea, and Honey or Glycerine with Lemon-juice.

Wawn’s Wonder Wool should be wrapped round both chest and back, as its natural stimulating warmth prevents serious developments, and assists considerably to throw off the cold.

Wawn’s Wonder Jubes are valuable aids in soothing a cough.

Vawn’s “Old Fashioned” Cough Mixture, taken every three or four hours, will give immediate ease, and ultimately effect a cure.

An occasional dose of Wonder Pills is useful in eougfes of gastric origin.

Wawn’s Inhalant, added to boiling water and inhaled, is most serviceable, and will give immediate ease to the most distressing cough.

CROUP.

is a disease of the windpipe, with noisy breathing and peculiar loud cough. It occurs chiefly in children from two to five or six years old. It comes on sometimes with symptoms of feverish cold and sore throat, but more frequently gives no warning. The child is put to bed quite well apparently, and in an hour or two wakes up with a loud, clanging cough and signs of imminent suffocation.    ,

Treatment.—This must be prompt and decided. Hot poultices to the throat .and chest must be applied immediately, and renewed as they become cool. Free vomiting should be induced by Ipecacuanha Wine—a teaspoonful every five minutes till it acts. These means will greatly cut the attack short. The patients must be well -wrapped in AVonder-Wool, both Throat and Chest, care being taken not to remove the Wool too soon.

DIARRHOEA.

In the late Summer and Autumn the ripening of fruit is followed by decay and death of verdure. The germs of putrefaction are at work on the fast decaying foliage. They are partial to warm, dry weather, they abound in the air, and nothing organic comes amiss to them. They quarter themselves in food of all kinds, animal or vegetable, in fruit, or milk, in anything that is goodly to man and full of nutriment.

With the food they are carried into the digestive organs, and there they take up their habitat, causing fermentation of the intestinal contents, generating ptomaines and irritant products sufficient to liquefy and putrefy the dejecta of food.

This state of things is called “Diarrhoea,” or “Summer Cholera,” and the mortality from it among children is enormous.

Irritant aperient drugs, unwholesome indigestible food or drink, increase the action of the bowels, and produce the same symptoms as diarrhoea.

Treatment.—HYGIENE.—Rest is an important element in treatment—repose of body, rest for the stomach itself. Rest in recumbent posture is desirable in acute cases. Severe griping pains are best relieved by hot fomentations applied to the abdomen. A flannel belt lined with Wonder Wool is a good preventive of diarrhoea.

DIET.—Milk should be the staple of diet in cases of diarrhoea. Food should be given very sparingly in small quantities frequently and light non-irritating substances should be selected ; arrowroot, blanc mange, boiled milk and lime water; ice to allay sickness or thirst, the white of egg or barley water.

In the case of infants the milk should be boiled or pepton-ised, and the supply looked to. Feeding-bottles must be kept scrupulously clean. If the complaint persists, it is wise to stop all milk, and give barley or rice water and raw-meat juice.

If the teeth are creating trouble the gums should be lanced.

Wawn’s Wonder Mint, preceded by a dose of Castor Oil, is an unfailing remedy. V/here there is acute pain and much irritation of the bowel, Chlorodyne or Wawn’s Pain Drops should be added to the Wonder Mint, about five drops for an adult and two drops for a child.

CASTOR OIL.—It is a common practice in an early stage of the complaint to administer a full dose of Castor Oil, to which a few drops of Chlorodyne or Pain Drops have been added. This removes any irritant. In doses of two to five drops, Castor Oil, given hourly, is a valuable remedy for diarrhoea of infants.

DIPHTHERIA.

The disease attacks the throat principally. The earliest symptoms are depression, hoarseness, swelling of the glands of the throat; afterwards the characteristic white membrane forms in patches on the tonsils and back of the throat, and from this centre the system is rapidly contaminated and poisoned. Unless checked by appropriate treatment the fungoid condition extends until the air passages are reached, or until the poison in the blood has become so concentrated as to destroy life. Medical treatment must be called immediately the first symptoms are noticed.

DYSENTERY.

is a form of Diarrhoea, characterised by slimy and bloody stools of offensive odour, with very frequent desire to evacuate the bowl, and great straining and pain in doing so. It is the large bowel—the lowest part—that is affected in Dysentery. It is essentially a disease of warm climates, where it is very common and very fatal, and it is brought on by malarial influence. It comes on with griping and desire to go to stool. The evacuations gradually become scanty, then mucous and bloody. There is fever, quick pulse, great thirst. Recovery is tedious, and the bowels continue irregular for a long time. Sometimes they never recover their tone.

Treatment.—Hygiene and Diet are the same as in diarrhoea, and must be rigorously enforced.

CASTOR OIL.—In an early stage a dose of Castor Oil with a few drops of Chlorodyne or Pain Drops is highly recommended for removing the offensive matter which accumulates in the bowel.

Wonder Mint given regularly is the remedy for Dysentery, a few drops of Chlorodyne or Pain Drops being added to each dose.

DYSMENORRHCEA.

Difficult menstruation occurs chiefly in women of nervous temperament. Sometimes the pain occurs a day or two before the period, and ceases when the flow comes on; at others the pain comes with the flow.

Treatment.—Fematon, “A Woman’s Tonic,” is the treatment recommended. (See Page 97).

DYSPEPSIA.

(See Indigestion, Page 51). 43

TREATMENT OF THE

APPARENTLY DEAD FROM DROWNING, SUFFOCATION, LIGHTNING STROKE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK.

Begin treatment immediately, on the spot, and without stopping to remove clothing. If possible, send immediately for a medical man, blankets, and dry clothing.

1.    Instantly loosen or cut apart all neck and waist bands» and then—

2.    Perform artificial respiration as follows: —

(a)    Place the patient face downwards with his head

turned to one Side. (See Diagrams).

(b)    Kneel either across or by the side of the patient» facing his head. (See Diagrams).

(c)    Place your hands flat over the back, on the lowest

ribs, one on each side, and gradually throw the weight of your body forward, so as to produce firm, but not violent, pressure on the patient’s chest (See Fig. I). By this means the air and water, if there is any, are driven out of the patient's lungs.

(d)    Then raise your body slowly, so as to remove the pressure, but without lifting the hands from the patient’s body. (See Fig. 2).

(e) Repeat this forward and backward movement (pressure on, and pressure off) every four or five seconds—i.e., twelve to fifteen times a minute.

DO NOT GIVE UP TOO SOON. Any time within two hours you may be on the very threshold of success without there being any sign of it.

AVOID ROUGH USAGE, especially twisting or bending the limbs, and under no circumstances hold the patient up by the feet. Prevent unnecessary crowding round the body.

OTHER MEASURES WHERE THERE IS ASSISTANCE.

Whilst the operator is carrying out artificial respiration, others may apply warmth to the body and limbs by means of hot water-bottles, hot bricks, &c. These should not be too hot—not uncomfortably hot to one’s own bare hands. Hot water in soda-water or ginger-beer bottles, placed inside stockings, answers this purpose very well. Place them in the arm pits, between the legs, and at the sides and feet of the patient.

WHEN NATURAL BREATHING HAS BEEN RESTORED.

When natural breathing has been restored, place the patient on his RIGHT side, and give him a few teaspoonfuls of spirits (brandy, whisky, gin, rum, &c.) in an equal quantity of water, or some hot wine, or hot strong tea qr coffee, whichever of these things is most handy. Remove wet clothing and wrap patient in blankets, or put dry clothing on. I'ut him to bed as soon as possible, and encourage him to sleep.

Fig. 1. Applying Pressure—EXPIRATION.

ECZEMA

The skin is an inverted lung—an active, freely secreting organ. It is liable to colds and catarrhs. “Eczema” is the name applied to catarrhal inflammation of the skin. In its acute stages it burns and weeps. In the chronic forms it is scaly and intensely itchy. Both forms are hard to put up with, and give rise to much suffering and broken rest.

The forms of Eczema are so varied and numerous, and the causes so multifarious, that it becomes a real difficulty to cure an obstinate case unless experience shows the way. The old-fashioned solace that it is dangerous to drive it in is out of date. It is better to use a remedy which you are certain will do good, when you find one, than one of which you are doubtful.

Treatment.—DIET.—As a rule, those who suffer from Eczema should restrict their allowance of animal food, especially if there is any gouty tendency. Ripe fruit and green vegetables are decidedly useful. Alcohol and wine are prejudicial, often highly so.

THE DRY METHOD—“Wash not at all” is the first commandment in acute Eczemas. The free use of hot water to relieve the itching is almost always prejudicial. It does relieve the itching for a time, but this invariably returns with greater virulence than before.

Wawn’s Wonder Salts is the best form of aperient, and should be regularly taken in Hot Water first thing in the morning.

Wawn’s Blood Purifier, taken regularly in small doses, is very beneficial, but in some cases a special treatment is necessary, on which we shall be pleased to advise.

Applications of a warm solution of Wonder Fluid, followed by Wonder Balm, are excellent for inflamed Eczema, and have a most soothing healing action. Frequently, however, special treatments are necessary, on which we shall be pleased to advise.

EPILEPSY.

No nervous disease is more dreaded than epilepsy. Its origin is still a mystery. In its severe forms the patient utter* a peculiar shrill cry and falls to the ground. His muscles ar* violently contracted or convulsed, he foams at the mouth, and always bites his tongue. Often lie sleeps a while after a fit, and when he awakes he recollects nothing of what has happened.

Epilepsy is generally regarded as hereditary, but there ar* many exciting causes—debility, excessive excitement, and viciou« indulgence of any kind.

Prevention and Treatment.,—STOPPING A FIT.—The warnings that patients have of an approaching fit are usually too hri*f to allow of measures being taken. Occasionally, hewevor, warning or aura i* felt. This may present! itself ia vari*«*

ways, as by a headache, or a feeling of cold water or air running up a limb; when it stops a fit occurs. If a ligature is tied tightly round the part or a blister put round the limb the attack may be prevented.

EXERCISE.—Regular exercise, short of fatigue, is beneficial. Rest and change of scene and the indulgence of a hobby are good. Too severe exertion, mental or bodily, may determine a fit. Both the mind and the body require much rest. Patients should sleep with the head high, and on a low bed, in case of any injury from the fit occurring during the night, and the patient falling out of bed.

DIET.—A purely milk diet or a vegetarian dietary will cur» some cases and benefit all. Above all, the stomach should never be overloaded. Diseased teeth should be attended to; they are an occasional exciting cause of epilepsy.

CIRCUMCISION.—This operation has cured cases depending on perverted conditions of the sexual organs.

BROMIDES.—There can be no question as to the controlling influence of Bromide given regularly in full doses—10 to 20, 30, or even 40 grains three times a day—and continued for a long time, months, and even years. The patient come« to realise its value, and will be slow to discontinue it.

ERYSIPELAS.

The features of Erysipelas are redness (hence its common name, “Rose”), with a burning, swollen condition of the skin, and a tendency to spread over and beneath it, accompanied by general fever. As the disease advances there may be a discharge of matter or Desquamation of the skin. Two forms of Erysipelas are recognised—the one a purely constitutional disease attacking chiefly the head or face, the other a local disease occurring secondarily as a result of a recent wound or injury of some kind. A Physician’s attention is necessary.

EYES (Affections of).

Defects of vision are very prevalent. They result from some defect, natural or acquired, in the shape of the lens or In th® focussing apparatus. Short sight, long sight, astigmatism, aad «lay cr night blindness are examples of vision blemishes.

Conjunctivitis, or inflammation of the eye, is a frequent •utcome of colds, of irritants within the eyelids, or of acute infeetioua fevers, especially measles. If uncared for, the mischief may extend to the cornea or clear part of the pupil ef th® eye, causing great impairment of vision. Conjunctivitis or ®phth-almia is the most common of all affections o! the eye.

Opacity of the lens, or cataract, inflammation ef th® iris er retina, and disease of any of the deeper parts of the eyeball ar® s® t®riou® that the immediate attention of a skilled tgtfyt ig alwaja needed if danger ®f blindness ie to b® avoided.

A stye is a small, painful boil which forms on the edge of the eyelid. It requires no treatment beyond hot Boracic Foments, and the application of Wawn’s Wonder Eye Ointment.

Wawn’s Wonder Eye Lotion used regularly will keep the eyes healthy and strong.

A bloodshot condition of the conjunctiva, which often comes on suddenly and without pain or any other symptom, as the result of cold, is best treated by fomenting with water as hot as it can be borne.

REMOVE CAUSE.—If a speck of dust or an irritant is causing inflammation, this should be removed at once by using the Eye Bath containing warm Boracic Solution, or Wonder Eye Lotion.

GLASSES.—Defects of vision require careful adjustment of suitable glasses. Short-sightedness calls for concave glasses long sight for convex, astigmatism for separate glasses, to remedy the inequality of each eye’s vision. Always have the sight tested by an oculist.

FAINTING.

is caused by a temporary cessation of the heart’s action, owing to pain, loss of blood, a hot, crowded atmosphere, or any strong emotion. Persons of an excitable temperament or with weak circulation are more subject to it, and women more so than men. When caused by any organic affection of the heart itself, it is a very grave affair; but in tbe generality of cases, however distressing, it gives no occasion for alarm.

Prevention and Treatment.—To prevent a fainting fit, if it gives any warning—for frequently it does not—place the patient in a sitting position, with the head well down between the knees, administer one or two teaspoonsful of Sal Volatile in a glass of water, or brandy, or, if these are not available, then cold wuter, and apply smelling salts to the nostrils. When the patient is under the fit, admit fresh air, loosen the dress, sprinkle cold water on the temples, and have recourse to the stimulating treatment described above. Persons subject to fainting fits should lead a quiet life, avoiding over-fatigue and excitement, and from time to time pursue a course of treatment of Wawn’sWonder Tonic or Wawn’s Ironated Pills.

FITS.

Fits are of varying character—fits from shock, fits, the result of hysteria, fainting fits, and the like. The worst of all are Epileptic fits. Epilepsy, or “falling sickness,” cannot be well defined for the simple reason that science so far has failed to discover the cause. Then there is Catalepsy, and again Chorea (St. Vitus’ Dance). Minor fits require only that attention which common sense directs—loosened clothing, air and stimulant«. But the other fits are matters for the Doctor, who should be summoned at once.

FLATULENCE.

This is a very usual symptom of indigestion. A certain mount of gaseous matter is generated in a regular way in the ict of digestion, but in health it gives rise to no inconvenience. Vhen gastric or intestinal juices are deficient in power or quan-lity, products of fermentative decay are formed, and flatulence 3 a marked symptom. Flatulent distention of the stomach auses palpitation by upward pressure of the heart. This in-erferes with the due circulation of the blood, and giddiness, Hinting attacks, shortness of breath, and many incidental dis-omforts accrue.

Treatment.—The palliative treatment of flatulence is effec-ed with Wonder Mint. (See Indigestion, Page 51).

GALL-STONES.

(See also “Liver,” Page 57).

Treatment.—Morphia given hypodermically in full doses allays the pain of biliary colic until the stone has passed, or it pay be administered in the form of suppositories. Either plan 3 to be preferred to giving it by the stomach.

Hot Fomentations constantly renewed as they get cool will ie found useful to relieve the pain.

Copious Drinks of warm Water in which bicarbonate of soda las been dissolved—a teaspoonful to the pint—will be found leneficial.

OLIVE OIL.—A large quantity of Olive Oil is said to arrest ilmost instantly the severe pain.

GOUT.

(See “Urosal,” Page 75).

GRAVEL.

(See Kidney and Bladder Diseases, Page 55).

HAY FEVER.

This is an affection which attacks some people during the Tay season. The nostrils and eyes chiefly are the seat of the complaint—there being intense sneezing and running from the ‘ormer, and soreness of the latter—but it frequently affects the ihroat and chest also, producing paroxysms of coughing and oreathlessness. It is suppo&ed to be caused by some emanation :rom hay or other vegetable product, as it occurs only at a particular stage of plant growth, and it is cured by the removal pf this cause—by a sea voyage, for instance. It is a rare complaint, and affects only particular individuals, who must undergo :heir ordeal every year at the appointed season. Many cannot !enter a room in which there is a bouquet of fresh flowers without being thrown into a paroxysm of sneezing, &c.

Treatment.—In spite of much that has been said to the contrary, this can only be of a palliative character. There is no cure except removal of the cause, as by a sea voyage; but much may be done to relieve the distressing symptoms. The Wonder Fluid and Wonder Balm treatment for Nasal Catarrh should be resorted to (see Nasal Catarrh, Page 62), and Wonder Jube» should be regularly sucked, as they soothe the inflamed mucous linings of the Throat.

HEADACHE.

Wonder Tabs are an unfailing remedy. If the Liver be disordered, a dose of Wonder Pills should be taken. If the eyes be defective these should be seen to.

HERPES (Shingles).

This is a skin complaint, consisting of blisters or vesicles caused by irritation of the ends of the superficial nerves. It generally affects the back and chest, and almost universally one side of the body only; but it may occur anywhere if there are superficial nerves to cause it. The complaint is generally ushered in by shivering and pain in the back, with some feverishness. It is a comparatively slight affection, passing off in ten or twelve days, but occasionally it is the source of much discomfort and pain. Care should be taken not to pick off the tops of the vesicles.

Treatment.—DIET.—Herpes attacking the lips or face is a common symptom among children, arising from errors of diet. Rich living, or the too liberal use of sugar, causes heat of the blood. Plain, unheating food is called for in treating the skin affection.

The application of Wonder Balm is very soothing, and will allay the burning or tingling usually associated with this trouble.

Carron Cream is a most soothing application, and is strongly recommended.

Wonder Tonic taken internally is strongly recommended, and will be found to have a most beneficial effect.

HYSTERIA.

This is one of the most curious and yet most distressing of feminine maladies. It is a usual outcome of a failure to direct the mental faculties into proper channels, or of unhealthy excitement and excess.

Woman is more prone to it at the extremes of her sexual life, either when she is yet m her teens or at the change of life.

It is a most unpleasant sight to see a person in a fit of hysteria. It comes on with a feeling of choking, as if a ball were in the throat. The patient quickly passes into a state of great excitement, alternately laughing and crying, partly unconscious and wildly incoherent.

The patient is better after the fit for a while, or until the time is ripe for another attack, and this is determined greatly by her surroundings.

Treatment.—OCCUPATION.—Women who suffer from hysteria should be induced to take up some occupation or recreation into which they can enter heartily. If lawn tennis, riding, or other outdoor amusements are not available, district visiting or plenty of domestic work will make their lives useful to others and more agreeable to themselves.

NO SYMPATHY.—It is always difficult to break off bad habits, and hysteria is in many ways such. If friends sympathise and commiserate the patient, she is certain to suffer more. Firm, kind treatment is most effective in abating the mental storm.

COLD WATER EXTERNALLY.—Nothing, except a galvanic battery, is so effective in restoring a person in an hysterical fit as cold water. This is best applied by dipping the end of a towel in cold water, and flicking the face with it until consciousness is fully restored. Smelling salts aid the action of the cold water.

DIET.—There is a proneness among some hysterical people to fly to stimulants. These should be rigorously denied, otherwise permanent drinking habits may be formed. All rich, unwholesome food is bad.

Fematon, “A Woman’s Tonic,” is the treatment, recommended. (See Page 97).

INDIGESTION.

The symptoms of nausea, pain after eating, passing of gas, distress, fullness, bad breath, coated tongue, constipation and many others are too well known to enumerate. The causes of which are improper mastication, food not properly prepared or too highly seasoned, cold lunches, not allowing sufficient time to eat, excess of sweets, and drinking large amounts of water. In elderly people the loss of teeth, which prevents chewing the food and preparing it for the stomach, therefore imposing a double task upon the stomach, alcoholic excesses, or may be the result of acute or chronic diseases.

Treatment.—This consists first in removing the cause, and regulation of the diet to easily digested food that can be properly assimilated. Eat slowly, and masticate the food thoroughly; do not leave it for the stomach to do. Secondarily, the stomach must be assisted by an appropriate remedy to thoroughly digest all foods; for this purpose there is nothing to equal Wonder Mint. If constipation is present Wonder Pills are recommended to be taken.

INFLUENZA.

SYMPTOMS.— With more or less feverishness the patient may experience cold shivers, with pain in the back and limbs, Headache, which is either intermittent or continuous, Sore

Throat, and a Cough or Cold, or both. And there may be sneezing. Again there is a loss of energy which is usually accompanied by Gastric or Stomach trouble.

Treatment.—It is imperative that the patient be kept in bed, then—

1.    Reduce the temperature with regular doses of Ammonia-

ted Quinine, and relieve any Headache with one or two Wawn’s Wonder-Tabs, taken every three hours.

2.    Protect the Lungs, etc., by wrapping the Chest and Back

in Wawn’s Wonder-Wool, either by making a special Jacket for the purpose out of Butter-muslin, or by lining the singlet front and back.

3.    Ascepticise the Nasal and Throat passages by inserting

a small quantity of Wawn’s Wonder-Balm well up each Nostril two or three times a day, and placing a little on the Tongue as often.

4.    Keep the system thoroughly cleansed and in working

order with one or two Wawn’s Wonder-Pills, taken occasionally at what is usually bed-time.

For children a good dose of Castor Oil should be first given, and the same treatment in larger doses can be given to adults.

N.B.—With severe cases the Doctor must be consulted as soon as possible.

INSOMNIA.

A due amount of calm, sound sleep is essential to health; it is refreshment for both body and mind. The brain is not the only part that reposes. Every muscle, nerve, and organ participates in all-healing slumber. The heart beats more slowly, breathing is retarded and shallow, and the mind ceases to worry. Sleep repairs the ravages made by the previous day’s wear and tear. Food and drink provide a fresh supply of energy for the next day’s toil.

Want of sleep is brought on by many causes. Mental trouble, excessive brain work, digestive disorders, or anything that weakens the body, originate it mostly.

Treatment.—HYGIENE.—When Insomnia is due to obvious influences, such as bad habits, worry, or indigestion, these causes must be removed. A tepid bath at bedtime will at times allay the sleeplessness of children. Immersing the feet in hot water or hot mustard and water is a useful treatment for sleepless adults.

If the sufferer feels the cold, he should be made to sleep in blankets, and have on a sufficiency of bedclothes. A hard bed is the best for natural sleep. Feather beds are unhealthy, and predispose either to too little or too much sleep. Wawn’s Wonder Tonic is the best nerve sedative and soother for sleeplessness.

ITCH (Scabies). >

This is caused by a minute insect which burrows underneath the cuticle, raising small watery vesicles, at first about the wrist or between the fingers, but sooner or later spreading over the whole body.

The complaint is characterised by intolerable itching, and it is very contagious, so that every precaution should be taken in the way of isolating the patient and his clothing and towels, &c., to prevent its communication to others.

Treatment.—Wawn’s Skin Lotion is the specific for Scabies, and should be freely dabbed on. Hot baths should be taken daily, and Wawn’s Skin Lotion applied three or four times daily.

ITCHING OF THE SKIN.

Itching of the skin is a symptom in various cutaneous affections—in Eczema, Nettlerash, Scabies, &c.—but it may also exist as a result of acidity or heat of the blood, or of gastric derangement and it often occurs without any apparent cause. Itching is an indication that the skin requires to be left alone—to be allowed time for healing. Unfortunately this is exactly what it is most difficult to do. Especially result of acidity or heat of the blood, or of gastric derangement, and it is hard to make people understand that soap and water are bad for irritation. Soap at any rate should be rigorously abstained from in all abnormal conditions of the skin. The superfatting of it modifies its irritating action to some extent, but it is much better to have recourse to some substitute, if necessary for the sake of cleanliness, such as a thin starch or gruel or oatmeal.

DIET.—When itching of the skin is the result of acidity of the blood, causing acid perspiration and irritation of the sweat glands of the skin, the diet should be bland and unstimulating. No vegetable acids of any kind should be taken, and if uric acid is the exciting cause meat should only be very sparingly eaten.

REMOVE SKIN ERUPTIONS OR PARASITES.—When it is an accompaniment of skin eruptions, such as urticaria, lichen, and eczema, treatment should be directed to the disease itself. The itching is a sign that the disorder is mending, and suitable applications to arrest the irritation aid nature to remove at once both the skin disease and the itching. If the irritation is caused by parasites, treatment should be, of course, directed to their destruction.

Wawn’s Calamine and Sulphur Lotion exerts a most soothing action, and should be dabbed on the affected parts three or four times a day if necessary.

JAUNDICE.

JAUNDICE is a symptom of disease of the liver, and is always present when the duct, or tube by which bile passes from the liver into the intestines, is blocked up, either by a gall-stone too large to pass or from inflammation of the intestines spreading up the duct, and causing its mucous membrane to swell and close it up.

CAUSES.—A great fright, violent anger, prolonged anxiety, working in crowded, ill-ventilated rooms, high living, sedentary occupation, want of fresh-air exercise, constipation, as well as. the poison of severe acute fevers circulating in the blood and affecting the nervous system, may all bring about an attack. The jaundice of infants is not serious, and usually disappears of its own accord, though in bottle-bred babies too rich milk should not be given until the condition has passed away.

SYMPTOM,...—The whi es of the eyes are yellow, also the skin, which varies from lemon to dark bronze or almost black. The motions become pale or clay-colored. To this cause also are due indigestion—bile being antiseptic, its absence creates decomposition, fermentations, and flatulence—and constipation, since there is no bile to promote the movement of the bowels. Th* Urine becomes saffron-colored or darker, the sweat is sufficiently affected to stain linen and even tears and milk may be yellow. Sometimes to the very eye everything wears a yellow look. When Jaundice lasts, intolerable itching may set in, and perhaps eruptions occur. In time the patient grows weak, depressed and low spirited, usually with low temperature and very slow pulse, dwindling from normal to 60, 40, or even 20 beats minute. Bleeding may arise from small spots in the skin, or from the nose or other organs or, in the very severe types, nervous symptoms such as delirium, coma, or convulsions may be found.

. Treatment.—Fat and alcohol are forbidden, and very little starch and sugar allowed. But beef-tea and meat extracts, chicken and light foods, with toast or biscuits, can be taken, and cold water or milk and soda-water drunk ad lib. Rest and quiet are essentia I, with no mental exertion, and only a little carefully regulated exercise in the open air. During convalescence change of air and scene and more active exercise are beneficial. Warm woollen clothing is also ne< css my. Friction over the liver with simple liniment, and fomentations with flannel wrung out of hot water followed by pads of “Wonder Wool’’ are helpful. Wonder Pills should be taken at bed-time, followed by copious drinks of hot water, in which one teaspoonful of Wonder Salts has been dissolved.

KIDNEY AND BLADDER DISEASES.

DISEASE OF THE KIDNEYS.—The kidneys are exceedingly susceptible to inflammation or congestion. An ordinary feverish cold, which closes the pores and hinders the skin from performing its part of the v. ork of removal of the waste products of the body, throws a burden of extra labor upon the kidneys, which they may be unable to perform—a breakdown must occur, and Bright’s Disease, with its-'1 attendant terrors, will often form an unpleasant and painful aftermath. Do not neglect your kidneys; take WAWN’S BUOHU BITTERS regularly, and occasionally one or two URO-TABS, which thoroughly cleanses, strengthens and enables the kidneys to perform their proper functions in a natural, healthy manner.

DIET WHICH KIDNEY SUFFERERS SHOULD ADHERE TO.—Plenty of milk, vegetable soups, white meats, fresh vegetables, and most farinaceous foods. Tea, Coffee, Cocoa and all stimulants should be discontinued, milk constituting as nearly as possible the main diet and drink. Woollen underclothing should be worn, and a Wonder-Wool body-belt is advised. Hot baths are beneficial, care being taken against chill.

ORAVEL AND STONE.—When there is a sediment like brick dust in the urine, it is an indication that the kidneys are not doing their woi'k properly, and immediate steps should be taken to restore their healthy action. If this precaution is neglected, the particles may gradually become larger, and the miserable suffering caused by gravel or stone will result. Persons of all ages may suffer from stone or gravel. Even little children are not exempt.

The following symptoms indicate stone or gravel in the kidneys or bladder: Painful itching sensation, swelling of the seat of pain, cramps in the legs, and scrotum, escape of seminal fluid, bearing down sensation in rectal region, escape of water, involuntary in drops, great agony succeeding “colic*’ pain, and difficulty in urinating with sudden stoppages. If the disease is not checked a breakdown of the nervous system will follow, unsound sleep, a burning sensation while urinating constipation, dyspepsia, night sweats, cold feet, hot head, dry skin, weak pulse, loss of flesh, nerve and ambition. In the later stages the victim has to assume unnatural attitudes in urinating, and the act produces a severe agony.

WAWN’S BUCHU BITTERS, taken regularly ,in conjunction with an occasional dose of Uro-Tabs, has a remarkable solvent action on all formation of stone or gravel, quickly dissolving and eliminating it in solution in the urine.

BLADDER DISEASE.—Inflammation or Catarrh of the Bladder (Cystitis) is usually due to long retention of urine—the effect of irritating drugs—stricture—enlargement of the prostrate gland—irritation caused by stone and gravel—or by the careless use of a catheter—exposure to cold, etc. There are two forms of this complaint—acute and chronic—the latter being peculiar to elderly people. It is commoner in winter than in summer, in cold climates than in warm climates, in males than in females. It is always dependent upon some obstruction in the flow of urine, or upon a diseased condition of the urinary organs. The bladder not being entirely emptied, the water retained decomposes, becomes muddy, ropy, contains blood and pus, and is offensive. The kidneys are frequently seriously .involved in the mischief, the catarrh then being usually a secondary symptom of the disease of the kidneys, and unless these are restored to their natural condition a cure cannot be effected.

WAWN’S BUCHU BITTERS is strongly recommended to be taken in conjunction with URO-TABS, which acts splendidly, quickly relieving all inflammation and irritation, restoring the affected organ to a natural, healthy state.

THE KIDNEYS AND THE BLADDER.

The Excretionary System constitutes a rather extensive subject. To describe it with any fulness would necessitate more space than is available. It would mean reviewing the functions of the Liver, the Kidneys and the Skin with such notes as might be necessary on the Bowels, which are >    partly mechanical,

and the Bladder, which is wholly so. Concern just now is had with the Kidneys and the Bladder in relation. Imagine a triangle on its apex, one Kidney at each of the two points

above, the Bladder at the paint below, and the descending sides to this two “pipes.” Crude though it is, the illustration suffices, and to emphasise it there is the little diagram of a kidney, sectioned, and with its “pipes” shown in correct position—the Ureter to the Bladder. Thousands of persons suffer with either their Kidneys or their Bladder, or with both, and know it; but hundreds of thousands suffer and do not know it—that is, not at that stage when the work of rectifying the mischief would be easy. To induce them to realise the necessity of giving these organs proper attention, it is a first task to show them why, and that is the value of the drawing. In a word, the kidneys are two filters set either side of the spine to discharge by far the greater number of poisons that have to be eliminated, in the process of living, and the Bladder is the cistern into which they pay the fluid we call the urine, drop by drop, through these “pipes,” the work of emptying this when nature demands being instinctive, albeit people, now and again, foolishly suppress the inclination on the ground of being “too busy.”

INFLAMMATION.

of the Kidneys or the Bladder, and sometimes of both, may be due to any one of quite a number of things, a common one being a temporary failure of the Skin to do its duty as intended, with the result the Kidneys have their work unduly increased; or a cold may have been incurred, or the victim may have sustained a sprain.

Treatment.—Buchu Bitters (See Page 101) should be regularly taken until all symptoms disappear.

LEUCORRHEA.

As a result of inflammation or weakness of the genital organs ieucorrhea or vaginal catarrh may exist, accompanied by more or less burning, itching and ulceration. In those cases accompanied by extreme tenderness over the ovaries, uterus and tubes, pain upon walking or bending and general physical debility, the family physician should always be consulted.

Treatment.—This consists in allaying inflammation, arresting the discharge, and relieving any irritated condition of the mucous membranes, by injections of warm solutions of Wonder Fluid two or three times daily, and a course of Fematon, “A Woman’s Tonic,” will be found most helpful. (See Page 97.)

LIVER.

The liver is a wonderful organ, always at work filtering, neutralising, purifying, and manufacturing ingredients necessary to life. It is the central laboratory of the body, the heart of the digestive functions. As an excretory organ it plays the part of a natural poison antidote. The ptomaines of decomposing food and the effete waste of the body itself are alike arrested by it and rendered inert. The intestine is full of noxious poisons. A healthy Liver is a living barrier against which they beat in vain.

As a gland the liver is the seat of manufacture of bile, an intensely alkaline fluid which keeps sweet the intestine and aids to digest fat and other foods. Healthy bile is a germless antiseptic, and when deficient or absent, the bowel’s contents decompose or become putrid. Bile lubricates the digesting food, and is the natural aperient of the body. Constipation occurs when the liver functions are sluggish and the organ is working imperfectly. Then, lastly, the liver manufactures a ferment to act upon the grape sugar of food and turn it into glycogen. It doles out this substance to the blood to produce animal heat and force.

The different ailments which develop when the liver is upset or diseased, afford us an insight into the extensive nature of its functions. They show that the entire system participates in its disturbances. As a matter of fact, the liver exercises a powerful influence upon the health and temper.

The following symptoms are those which are frequently associated with disordered Liver :—

A tongue coated or furred, and perhaps flabby and marked by the teeth.

" An extremely bitter or mawkish taste.

' Loss of appetite and inclination to vomit.

A feeling of fulness after food.

Drowsiness and heaviness after meals.

The face unhealthy-looking and sallow.

The whites of the eyes muddy-like or tinged with yellowness.

Headache, particularly about the forehead.

Swimming in the head, with dimness of sight.

Disinclination for work or other exertion.

Great depression of spirits and morbid sensations.

A strong desire to sleep as daybreak comes on.

When sedentary individuals shirk necessary exercise, their gall-bladders are not properly emptied. Constipation and digestive inconveniences ensure from bile deficiency. The bile becomes thicker, and its cholesterin is liable to concrete and crystallise, forming what are known as gall-stones. Now and again these stones pass from the gall-bladder along the bile duct into the intestine. During their passage they occasion one of the most fearful of all human pains—biliary colic.

Treatment.—Evercise is the most essential element in treating a sluggish liver. Any form of active movement which conduces to deep inspiration is good.

Diet should be directed to the avoidance of increased gastric acidity. Animal food should be eaten sparingly, unless means are adopted by active exercise or manual labour to work or burn it up. Fat in moderation is helpful. Fruit and vegetables should enter largely into the diet. As a rule, alcohol in any form is prejudicial. The sufferer should eat reasonably and masticate slowly.

Wawn’s Wonder Salts, one to two teaspoonfuls in a tumblerful of warm water, should be taken first thing in the morning. (See Page 101).

Wawn’s Wonder Pills is the remedy for all Liver troubles. One or two should be taken when necessary at bedtime, followed by copious drinks of hot water the following morning.

LUMBAGO.

(See Rheumatism, Page 73).

MALARIA or AGUE.

is produced by the poison of Malaria, and is introduced into the system through the bite of Mosquitoes. The peculiarity of the Fever is its intermittence. If the attack comes on regularly every day the fever is called quotidian; if every third day, tertian; if every fourth, quartan. Quotidian is commonest, quartan rarest and worst. A fit is usually preceded by pains in the back and legs, lassitude, loss of appetite, nausea, and sometimes vomiting. In the first stage the patient complains of chilliness (even though the temperature may reach ?05 degrees or 107 degrees F.), first down the back, thqn all over; the teeth chatter with extreme violence; pains affect the whole body and head; and breathing and pulse are quick. These symptoms give way to the hot stage, in which paleness and blueness pass off, and the face is flushed and the body warm all over, the skin burning, the pulse full, and the patient tossing about in bed with aching head and pain in limbs and back. Then follows th* sweating stage, when perspiration breaks out so profusely as to drench the clothes, but relieves the patient. As a rule in treatment, the attack should just be allowed to run its course, though during the cold stage the patient must be kept warm, externally with blankets and hot bottles, internally with warm drinks, such as hot tea. The Rothes may be partially removed, and cooling drinks allowed in the hot stage. Quinine is the sovereign remedy in the treatment of Malaria, and frequently acts like a charm. It is best given in 10-grain doses, and it is surprising what big doses are tolerated without ill effects. Ten grains dissolved in Lemon Juice and a tablesponful of water is the best way to administer, and repeat the dose in four hours, giving a third dose in another four hours if necessary.

MEASLES.

The symptoms of incipient measles are those of a sever* catarrhal cold, feverishness, running from the eyes and nose, cough, &c. On the fourth day the eruption appears, beginning on the face, and extending all over the body. It consists of characteristic blotches, and continues for three or four days. When it is coming on, and during its presence, it should be carefully encouraged by small doses of Wawn’s Buchu Bitters and avoidance of cold.

Suppression, or a dark-purple color of the eruption, collapse, ®r bronchitis are indications of danger. Any carelessness of management may, with such symptoms, quickly lead to fatal results.

Treatment.—The patient must be kept in bed in a room sufficiently darkened to protect the eyes from injury. The temperature should be about G0° F., and retained at that height. The sufferer should remain in bed till all the symptoms have quite abated. When convalescent he may have permanganate baths on two successive nights, and a clean change of aired clothing. After this he may be allowed out of the sick-room, prior to its being thoroughly disinfected.

DIET.—A bland liquid diet alone should be allowed. No stimulants should be given, unless medicinally for combating grave symptoms. No strong aperients ought ever to be administered in cases of measles.

If there is any tendency for the rash to become suppressed or signs of incipient lung mischief, the patient should at once be rubbed all over, from head to foot, with Wonder Balm. If this fails, a warm mustard bath should be given, and the patient wrapped in “Wonder Wool.”

Small repeated doses of Wawn’s Buchu Bitters will be found most efficacious, particularly when combined with small doses of Wonder Tabs, a \ or £ (for children according to age) three times a day being most helpful.

MENORRHAGIA.

The menstrual periods under the best of circumstances are a great impediment to a woman, but when the flow becomes profuse, and perhaps irregular in its appearance, her life may become a burden to her. Full-bloodedness, intemperance, too frequent childbearing, tumors, and bad labors, excite congestion of the uterine organs, and are the chief causes of Menorrhagia.

Treatment.— Women who are full-blooded require to live temperately. Often, to get rid of the excess of blood, Nature finds an outlet by increasing the loss at the monthly periods. This should not be rashly checked. Treatment should be directed to the cause of the plethora. A spare diet, with little meat, and tea or coffee or milk-and-water to drink, is best suited to such a case. Alcohol is always highly prejudicial, and should be sternly forbidden.

LEMON JUICE.—A domestic remedy for this form of bleeding is to such the juice of three or four lemons. A wineglassful of vinegar will also arrest it if severe, when other remedies are not at hand.

The most effective treatment, however, is Fematon, “A Woman’s Tonic.” (See Page 97).

MUMPS.

A painful acute swelling of the paratid salivary glands, with fever and contagiousness, is called mumps. There is much swelling just in front of the ear, and difficulty and pain in opening the mouth in eating. In an ordinary uncomplicated case mumps is a simple febrile ailment, but every care must be taken to promote the resolution and subsidence of the enlarged glands-When improper treatments are adopted, or the sufferer is subjected to a chill, the complaint is apt to migrate to other glands, such as the breast, testicle, ovary or other organ.

Treatment.— Wawn’s Buchu Bitters is the remedy, and should be given every three or four hours, together with an occasional dose of Wonder Tabs.

WARMTH TO THE HEAD.—It is essential to keep the inflamed glands warm by means of Wonder-Wool wraps, and, should the disease unfortunately migrate elsewhere, vigorous poulticing and stimulant mustard applications must be applied to the part in front of the ear, in order to woo it back again to its proper seat.

THE MAGIC SALVE

CURES

SKIN DISEASES

such as Eczema, Minor Scrofulous Affections, Itches of all kinds, Ulcers, Festers, Boils, Pimples, etc., also

CUTS, SORES, BRUISES

Wounds, Burns, Scalds, Abrasions, Insect Bites Chaps, Chilblains, etc. and

CATARRH

NO MATTER AT WHAT STAGE

IT ALSO, IF USED IN ADVANCE, “CURES”

:OUGHS, COLDS, SORE THROAT

;.nd Other Germ Complaints in relation by killing the nvader in the “Gate-Ways”—the Mouth and Nostrils —

PAWN’S WONDER-BALM is an indispensable adjunct for ladies in the Toilet Table to eradicate Dandruff and Preserve the Com-¡lexion ; for Men, on the Shaving Stand to remove any Soreness ¡fter Shaving ; and for All in the “Athletic” Dressing-Room to re-ieve Strain and keep the Body Flexible.

Vawn’s Wonder-Balm is Soothing, Anti-Septic and Healing and is specially prepared under the supervision of

IE

\GIC

i^LVE


AND

GERM

KILLER


whose name as the Manufacturer of

WAWN’S WONDER-WOOL

is a household word throughout Australia and New Zealand

*

NASAL CATARRH.

CATARRH is an affliction most likely to become chronic; it is so distressing and health-destroying that it should be earnestly combated now.

Every day’s delay increases Catarrh’s hold upon those membranes, which it so maliciously attacks—the Nose, the Throat, the Ears, and Bronchial Tubes.

The treatment advocated here is scientific—immediately relieving, and so positively eradicative that you can have full hope and confidence in your Catarrhal illness entirely disappearing under its persuasive influence. It is the consummation of over 15 years’ experience — perfected in practice, and proved to be entirely effective in the most obstinate cases.

CATARRH is an abiding and progressive inflammation of the tender inner membranes of the Nose, the Throat, the Bronchial tubes and the Eustachian tube—leading ultimately to a continued presence in these positions of an objectionable mucous which discharges forward into the Nostrils, and backward into the Throat, Chest, and Lungs, as well as along the Eustachian tubes to the Ears, causing a collection of wax to form, thus creating Head Noises, partial deafness, and by neglect, perhaps, total Deafness.

Catarrh most frequently arises from neglect of a common cold. The inflammation from which, becoming chronic, rapidly spreads throughout the passages of the Nose, Throat, Ears, and Bronchial tubes. Frequently it may arise from neglect to instruct a child to breathe properly, the child persistently breathing through the open mouth, or it may arise from the breathing of irritating particles of dust. These fine particles, becoming deposited on the delicate membranous Tissue through which they are passing, set up an Inflammation, which by neglect spreads and develops into Catarrh. This is particularly noticeable amongst Cyclists and Motorists, as well as Millers, Coalminers, or any one working in and breathing an atmosphere laden with these fine particles.

Ultimately the deposits are so vigorous and great in quantity that they cannot be removed, and, unless an intelligent treatment is undertaken, this dreadful, nauseating disease becomes chronic. This means that ultimately the Eustachian tube is permanently afflicted, and deafness in a more or less pronounced degree is the result. The delicate membranes of the nose being diseased, the sense of smell is affected, with extremely objectionable droppings into the Throat, Bronchial tubes, and Stomach.

HAY FEVER is really a form of Catarrh, many people be ing most susceptible to it. This only takes place at certain sea sons of the year when the flowers are in full bloom, the fine particles of pollen with which the flowers are laden setting up an extreme irritation and inflammation in the delicate membranes of the Nose.

Fig. 2

OtrgU the Throw with the heed well beck, using the came strength of Wonder* Fluid W Fig. L


AaTHs Nose

R-Tha Us* or Getepoaia

C, The Mouth. the Gateway

of Dlaeaaa.

D. *Tha Tongua.


E-Adenoid» r-Tha Ton« Ha.

0,-The Throat, containing the poeeage to the lung» and. therefore, the mainspring of the timepiece of Ufa


A few minutes ofter syringing insert a smell pieec of Wonder* Balm well up each NostriL


Fig, 4

The* massage the ourslde of each Noitril to m to w«U dUtnbuie the Wonder-Balm, drawing deep breaths through the Nostril* m well


n» »

For Head Noises or Oeafnen hrs< msrfi a eraaO quaaitef of the Wonder-Buhn to»


F* «

Then menage the eer peerage» with

the finger dpe, the following de? rrrlaglr.athe can with Woods*. Fluid. Then repeat. 1/ necessary, both ryrinyiing^ <end^using the


The disease is most decidedly the breeder of other illnesses.

The one fact alone that pure air cannot reach the lungs, warmed and purified by the interior tissues of the nostrils, shows that the purity of the blood is affected, as are also the bronchial tubes and lungs. As a result, any epidemics, or any possibility of contagion from individuals with whom the sufferer brings himself into contact, may very probably infect him, and serious results eventuate.

The Wawn method is medicinally correct, and has 15 years' successful experience behind it to recommend it.

To deal with Catarrh make this solution:—Mix two table-spoonsful of Wonder Fluid with eight of Warm Water. Pour a little into the palm of the hand and sniff well up each nostril— this method of sniffing up the nostrils may require a little practice to accomplish properly, but from practical experience we have proven it to be much more effective than any Douche, Syringe or Spray. After the Nostrils have been done, gargle the throat with the remaining Fliud, then insert a small quantity of Wonder Balm well up each nostril and inhale well in. Repeat this night and morning.

The Method of Application.

If the hearing has been affected by Catarrh, a gentle injection of Wonder Fluid Solution (same strength as for gargling) should be made into the ears by means of a special ear Syringe, taking care that some Wonder Balm has been first inserted and well massaged. The patient is also advised to gargle a little of the liquid for the purposes of still greater efficiency.

External treatment, however, is not all that is necessary to thoroughly eradicate this complaint, as the blood becomes contaminated with the germs, and this must also be cleansed and purified. For this purpose we recommend Wawn’s Blood Purifier Tablets, special blood purifying, strengthening, and enriching Tablets, which build up the System, tone up the Blood, completely destroying Catarrhal germs. These we advise to be taken after each meal, as well as an occasional dose of Wonder Pills to regulate the Bowels.

Treatment suggested for Nasal Catarrh which will be for

warded to any address :—

1 Large Bottle Wonder Fluid............ 6/6

1 Tube Wonder Balm................ 2/-

I Bottle Blood Purifier Tablets.......... 4/6

1 Bottle Wonder Pills................ 1/6


Add 2/- extra for cost of Postage and Packing. As a small bottle of Wonder Fluid, Wonder Balm and Wonder Pills are contained in each Wonder Medicine Chest, all that is necessary for those who already have a Wonder Medicine Chest is Blood Purifier Tablets. As Catarrh, however, requires continued treatment before a permanent cure is effected, we recommend the large size Wonder Fluid as being the most economical.

NEURALGIA.

Pure blood is the liquid of the battery of life, and the

nerves are the insulated wires which carry the current. If the battery is not in order, if the exciting liquid is poor and partly exhausted or filled with impurities, then the nerve currents are weak, and the powers of the nervous system impaired. Anything that devitalises the organism, as unhealthy living; anything which poisons the blood, as malaria, syphilis, gout, or Rheumatism; anything that causes pressure on or inflammation in the nerve itself, will cause nerve pain—agonising acute pain —Neuralgia.

Treatment.—HYGIENE.—Exposure to cold or damp and insufficient clothing are occasionally the exciting causes of Neuralgia. Warm flannel underclothing is an efficient protection against the inclemencies of the weather. Regular out-of-door exercise and sea-water baths, followed by friction, are helpful to nerve nutrition. People who are overworked mentally or bodily require rest, and change of habits or change of air will do them good.

DIET.—Neuralgic patients require a highly nourishing diet, especially suitable forms of fat. Cod Liver Oil is most valuable, but, if objected to, cream, butter, or bacon fat can be taken instead. Fats improve mental vigour and enrich the blood, and thus indirectly cure Neuralgia.

APERIENTS.—A sharp purgative, such as one or two Wonder Pills at bedtime, followed by a dose of Wonder Salts in Hot Water next morning, will sometimes cure in cases due to constipation or sluggish action of the Liver. Wonder Tabs have a miraculous action on Neuralgia, and rarely fail to give relief. Wonder Tonic should be taken regularly to build and strengthen up the system. Wonder-Wool should be applied locally to the painful part.

NIGHTMARE.

A common result of indigestion is disturbed sleep and dreams. Some dreams are pleasant and fanciful. An unpleasant, horrible scene, in which the dyspeptic is an active though hardly willing participant, is a nightmare. Dreams of the blood-and-murder type are commonly the result of errors of diet. Repetition of actions and conversations of the previous day is a serious form of nightmare, as it indicates an overworked brain, which urgently calls for rest and change of scene. Children with worms or with brains irritated by enforced over-study, suffer at times from disturbed sleep and night terror. They must have adequate rest, with treatment of symptoms to obtain relief.

Treatment.—-DIET.—Light, digestible food is important. Heavy suppers or late dinners, especially if combined with a free use of stimulants, are common exciting causes of incubus. Supper should be light, and consist of a cupful of beef tea, or bread and milk, or a milk pudding. Alcohol in strict moderation at bedtime conduces to repose of a sound, refreshing kind.

THE NERVES

MESIAL I NERVE


IN RELATION TO

PAIN & DISEASE

THE NEW INFLUENZA Is calculated to attack the Nervous System. One of the greatest British authorities says that it can result in almost any Nervous Disorder. It may, as we know, impair the Memory and also the Digesrion (see “A")

WAWN’S ffOKDER WOOL & *    ¡2^

Used with the disease incurred it helps to arrest its progress, and so prevents the Influenzal stage from developing into the Pneumonic one    f

KEEP#A PACKET IN THE HOUSE where it wifl be when wanted It is an

-------- Angel of Mercy in the cupboard; a Life

Insurance Policy" on the chest There is nothing else that equals it

HYGIENE.—The patient should sleep on a hard bed, with

pot too heavy bedclothes, and he should carefully avoid lying on his back. He should allow himself a sufficiency of recreation, and, above all, should avoid hurry. Children with worms require appropriate treatment.

Wawn’s Worm Powders are recommended. (See Page 101.)

Wawn’s Wonder Tonic, owing to its soothing action, is an excellent remedy for adults who suffer from disturbed sleep, and is recommended to be given in combination with Wawn’s Buchu Bitters. It is, also, rapidly curative in the night terror of children taken in reduced doses. (See Page 20.)

NIPPLES (Soreness of).

The nipples are parts of the body which are only called into requisition at certain times. They are tender, delicate structures, and are easily hurt. If not kept scrupulously clean and dry, or if not previously prepared for baby by the hardening action of spirit, they may become inflamed and excoriated.

Sore nipples are exquisitely painful. The child is not properly fed, because the mother dreads the torture to which the child subjects her, and she postpones the necessary feeding as long as possible. If further neglected the inflammation extends to the breast itself. A mammary abscess and a host of troubles are the consequences of neglect.

Treatment.—HYGIENE.—It is always a wise procedur9 to prepare the nipples—to harden and strengthen them for some considerable time before confinement. Weak spirit-and-water, weak arnica lotions, glycerine and eau-de-Cologyne will do this effectively. Great cleanliness is essential. The Nipples should be washed and dried after the child has finished its meal.

SHIELD.—As soon as the Nipples become at all sore, zinc shields should be constantly worn, and the baby made to draw the milk through a breast-tube teat without actually sucking from the Nipple itself.

Wawn’s Antiseptic Dusting Powder suits some cases well.

WONDER FLUID.—By bathing in a warm solution of Wonder Fluid the soreness will disappear. Dry well after bathing. If inflammation be present Wonder Wool Pads applied to the breast are strongly recommended, care being taken to use a shield when feeding Baby.

PERITONITIS.

DEFINITION.—An inflammation of the peritoneum, which is a serous membrane covering the organs of the abdominal cavity.

CAUSE.—It may be the result of an extension of an inflammation from the ovaries, uterus, tubes or appendix. It may occur after child-birth, or as a result of injury, or there may be a cancer or tuberculosis of the peritoneum. Exposure to cold and wet.

SYMPTOMS.—All cases of Peritonitis are accompanied by chills, fever, pain in the abdomen, which may become very hard and tense, rapid pulse, vomiting, distention of the abdomen, and great prostration. The bowel movement is greatly restricted.

Treatment.—As the general prostration is always severe, a physician should be called immediately. Surgical means may have to be resorted to. Hot applications or counter-irritants of any kind may be applied to the abdomen. Hot turpentine stupes will give temporary relief. The bowels should be regulated, vomiting checked, and supporting stimulants given, as indicated by the physician.

PILES.

The lower portion of the bowel contains a large network of veins. When these become inflamed or engorged the disorder is called Piles. Frequently the blood coagulates in these veins, and one or more fleshy masses are formed.

Piles are recognised by the presence of pain, heat, and swelling at the orifice of the bowel. When visible they are termed external piles; when high up in the rectum and out of sight, they are described as internal p>’.es. The latter are prone to bleed.

Treatment.—HYGIENE.—It is important to bear in mind that the anus or lower orifice of the bowel is just as susceptible to outside influences as the throat. Brisk open-air exercise is the best preventive of haemorrhoids.

Plot Enemas of a solution of Wonder Fluid for internal Piles, and hot applications of same for external Piles, simply acts like magic. Wonder Balm should then be applied.

The Bowels should be kept regular in action by an occasional dose of Wonder Pills.

For Bleeding Piles special local as well as internal treatment is necessary. Full particulars can be had on writing to Department M., giving full symptoms and particulars.

PLEURISY.

DEFINITION.—The pleura is the covering of the lungs, and when this covering becomes involved as the result of inflammation it is known as Pleurisy.

CAUSE.—Exposure, which may have been of long or short duration.

SYMPTOMS.—The first and most constant is pain upon breathing, the severity of which depends upon the area involved and the mildness of the attack. 'It is always troublesome, maybe sharp and cutting. Coughing is likewise very painful. In a few hours there will be an elevation of temperature, which may range from 101 to 103, with general prostration.

Fortunately all cases of Pleurisy are not accompanied with a formation of large amounts of fluid, so that the termination is favorable in a short time. If, on the other hand, the fluid formed turns to pus, the outcome is greatly changed.

Treatment.—The attention of a Physician is necessary. Wonder-Wool Jackets (see treatment Bronchitis) are recommended to be worn regularly—these were the means of saving thousands of lives in the recent Pneumonic Influenza epidemic.

WAWN’S WONDER-JUBES.

For the VOICE, THROAT and LUNGS.

act as a Sentinel, protecting the Respiratory Organs. It must always be remembered that The Mouth is The Chief Gateway for those Germs that threaten them, and Wawn’sWonder Jubes, being strongly Antiseptic and Germicidal, destroy, as dissolved in The Mouth, the Enemies that cause Coughs, Colds, Sore Throat, Asthma, etc., at once.


WAWN’S WONDER-TABS

STOP HEADACHE.

and give immediate relief in Neuralgia, Neuritis, Rheumatism, Influenza, Dengue, etc.


The drawing gives an excellent idea of the Respiratory Organs. Everything can be explained by referring to it.

The Larynx is the “voice-box”; the Windpipe leads to the Bronchial Tubes; the Bronchial tubes branch off to the lungs; the Lungs are shown in two ways—one with the Lobes, the other exposing the Air-Cells.

The bag of the Pleura is the sac enclosing the Lungs. With Pleurisy the discharge is outside; with Pneumonia it is inside. But Pneumonia may supervene on any—a Hack-cold, Bronchitis, Pleurisy or Influenza.

PNEUMONIA.

DEFINITION.—An acute inflammatory condition of the lungs.

CAUSE.—Often brought on as, the result cf exposure, and occurs more generally in the Winter.

SYMPTOMS.-—There may be a day or two in which the patient may have a headache, and complain of feeling tired and generally not well, after which there will be a chill, of great    J

severity, or the chill may be the laRYNX first symptom. From this time the fever rises rapidly, the face becomes flushed, the urine scanty, pulse rapid, and the patient complains of pain in the side, which may be very severe.

Normally the breathing rate is sixteen per minute, but in pneumonia the rate is much advanced. There is present a hard, dry cough, and soon there may be some expectoration of mucus. As in all high fevers, there is great thirst. One lung or both may be involved. The general prostration is most severe. The disease continues course for about a week or a few days over. When the termination is going to be favorable, as would naturally be expected, the temperature drops, there is free perspiration, and the patient sleeps more peacefully and comfortably. This is known as the crisis, after which recovery is fairly prompt.

As a result of the high fever, there may be delirium, and in those cases that go on to a fatal termination the extreme symptoms do not moderate.

Pneumonia is often complicated with Pleurisy or some abnormal condition of the heart.

In the debilitated and old, or where they have indulged in alcohol excessively, and have been habitual drinkers, the termination is most fatal. Pneumonia must always be considered as one of the most serious diseases a physician has to combat.

Treatment.—The attention of a Physician is necessary. A Wonder Wool Jacket (see treatment Bronchitis) should be worn.

PSORIASIS.

Psoriasis is at present but little understood. Even its exciting cause is unknown.

Some skin disorders are intensely irritating; others itch but little. Psoriasis belongs to the latter category.

The eruption is chronic and persistent, and consists of roundish, slightly-raised red patches, thickly covered with pearly-white scales. The form which attacks the palm of the hand is the most inveterate. Psoriasis is a disease of the robust. It does not impair the general health, and, unlike Eczema, rarely attacks children under six years of age.

Defective nutrition or nervous influences play some part in determining its appearance, but how is not quite known.

Treatment.—HYGIENE.—To improve nutrition free out-ofdoor exercise will generally be found beneficial. This may be combined with sea air and sea bathing.

DIET.—It has been asserted that Psoriasis is due to a want of fresh vegetables. Therefore a nourishing diet, containing a small quantity of unboiled vegetables, given freguently, will do good. Onions, watercress, salads, tomatoes, and all forms of fruit, may be recommended with confidence. Cod Liver Oil is a useful food-adjunct if patients are getting thin, and feel debilitated.

Arsenic given in small doses internally seems to be the most effective remedy.

Wonder Balm applied externally will be found most soothing, and will relieve any inflammation or irritation of the skin.

PYORRHOEA.

PYORRHCEA can be briefly defined as:—A condition affecting the teeth and gums in which the teeth tend to get loose in their sockets, and there is a constant discharge of purulent matter from between the teeth and gums. The ravages of Pyorrhoea are most serious, as the disease is not only confined to the mouth, gums and teeth, but the constant pouring out of matter affects the whole system, and is the direct cause of many illnesses. Too much care cannot therefore be given to the teeth and mouth, which should be attended to at least twice a day. At the recent Dental Congress the use of the antiseptic Thymol as a mouth wash was strongly advocated as a preventative of Pyorrhoea, and for this reason we recommend Wonder Fluid (which is a solution of Thymol) to be used as a mouth wash

night and morning. Creme de Menthe Dental Cream also contains a percentage of Thymol, and should be regularly used night and morning for cleansing the mouth, teeth and gums.

In severe cases of Pyorrhoea, it is always advisable to consult you? Medical Man or Dentist, for, if taken in time, a special treatment given to the teeth and gums may save them, and incidentally prevent any further spreading of this disease.

QUINSY.

DEFINITION.—An acute inflammation of the substance of

the tonsil, with the formation of pus.

CAUSE.—Recurrent attacks of Quinsy are common to many, who are susceptible to exposure. It is not frequent in the very ycung.

SYMPTOMS.—Starts as an ordinary sore throat, with rapid enlargement of the tonsil, making swallowing difficult and painful. It is accompanied by fever and rapid pulse. The patient suffers greatly, In a few days there is evidence of pus as the gland begins to come to a head; it may break before being lanced, after which the symptoms rapidly subside.

Treatment.—A gargle of Wonder Fluid may be used throughout the course of the disease, both before and after the gland has ruptured, and Wonder Wool should be wrapped round the throat.

Not much general treatment will, ordinarily, be required. However, if there is considerable fever, one or two Wonder Tabs may be taken every three hours until normal. The bowels should be regulated with Wonder Pills, and the diet will, of necessity, be restricted, as the patient will be unable to swallow anything but liquids, on account of the pain, until after the acute stage has subsided. In some cases it will be necessary to lance the gland.    .

WAWN’S WONDER-PILLS

STOP CONSTIPATION

Biliousness, Liver, Kidney, Bladder and Urinary Troubles, etc., and have a marked effect t the good with Rheumatism, Lumbago, Gout, Sciatica, etc. As

a General Corrective they are without a peer.

UROSA

The Greatest Uric Acid Solvent and Blood Purifier Made

Specially Prepared for the Treatment of

RHEUMATISM, SCIATICA, LUMBAGO, GOUT, and all diseases due to an excess of URIC ACID and other POISONS in the blood.

Unequalled as a Remedy for all

KIDNEY, BLADDER & URINARY COMPLAINTS

as well as for

SCROFULA, ECZEMA, BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES

Acts Like Magic in All Forms of

HEADACHES, MALARIA, INFLUENZA, FEVERS, DENGUE, etc.

RHEUMATISM, Blood Poisons and other Chronic Diseases are much worse at some times than others. If you have no urgent need to purchase UROSAL now, remember it, for there may come a time when you would give a great deal to know all about it.

The preparation of UROSAL is carried on under the direct supervision o f V. A. Wawn, of “Wonder Wool” fame, which is now well known and extensively used from one end of Australia to the other.

UROSAL is a medicine which can be absolutely relied on— a non-metallic preparation, composed of those remedies, which many years of experience have demonstrated to be the most successful in the treatment of all diseases due to a poisonous condition of the blood. It has proven to be the most perfect and thorough solvent of all Blood Poisons Science has yet discovered.

HOW IT ACTS.

Persons taking UROSAL are not made ill, but may continue their work without interruption or inconvieniece. UROSAL is perfectly harmless when taken in proper dosage, and can be borne by the most delicate stomach. In fact, it is often of remarkable benefit to those suffering from stomach trouble. It leaves no bad after effects, and may be taken without fear that unpleasant results will follow its use.

Urosal as a Blood Purifier.

Blood purifier is a vague term. Anything that corrects digestion and removes constipation is a blood purifier. But a remedy which also regulates the liver and kidneys, and tends to restore all the vital organs to normal action, is a blood purifier of the nature of UROSAL. The blood is made up of the food we eat, the water we drink, and the air we breathe. Anything that renders either one source of supply impure, will render the blood impure. Even when good food is eaten, pure water is drunk, and fresh air is breathed, the blood may become impure from internal causes.

A blood purifier is any remedy that removes the cause which is contaminating the blood. Dyspepsia and constipation are the

most common causes. Biliousness and kidney diseases are other causes.

Experience has proven that the UROSAL plan of purifying the blood and toning up the system is the right plan to cure blood diseases. Many, who have for years been in poor health, and have tried all the best physicians in their vicinity, have written that UROSAL did more good than all other treatments combined. UROSAL goes to the root of the trouble, because its work is rational and thorough, the only kind that makes permanent.

UROSAL does more than cure the disturbing disease, as hundreds have testified. Persons whom it has cured of Rheumatism find something more than relief from Rheumatism. Persons cured of Blood Poison find much more than the stopping of the blood poison symptoms. Those who have been cured of Kidney, Bladder, or Urinary Troubles, find that they are better and stronger than they have ever been. A change is found in the entire body, a better feeling is experienced throughout the whole system. They find that they can eat and sleep better, think and work better, have more life, spirit and energy, because UROSAL has toned up the entire body. This applies to all cases, no matter what the disease, for the principle is the same

EIGHT TENTHS OF ONE SECOND

in all if poisonous blood is the cause. UROSAL apparently cures conditions which are totally unalike, all in the same way, for the body in health has but one way to act. There is no health without pure blood—PURE BLOOD MAKES HEALTH.

UROSAL CURES -RHEUMATISM.

Acute or Chronic.

RHEUMATISM is a word used to denote a variety of conditions, the underlying cause of which is supposed to be essentially the same. It is a constitutional disease characterised by attacks of pains or inflammation of the fibrous structures of the tissues; hence the terms, muscular, articular, synovial, gonorrhoeal, cardiac, cerebral, etc. It may be acute or sub-acute—i.e., coming more or less to a crisis—or it may be chronic or lingering in its course and duration. It also includes rheumatic fever, various painful affections of the joints commonly designated as arthritis. Rheumatism is characterised chiefly by pain, which may be severe, lancinating, shifting or dull boring, according to the variety of the disease and the parts involved.

There may also be fever, local redness and swelling, though sometimes there is no perceptible change in the affected part. In certain cases great deformity may result from inflammatory changes, finally resulting in contraction and disability.

The etiology or cause of Rheumatism remains doubtful. The causes commonly given are the presence of lactic acid and excess of fibrin in the blood; cold and micro-organisms. Practically we know that the disease is due to some accumulation of poisons in the blood. In other words, it is due to acidity or an excess of acid, which, forming itself into small spines, is taken up and passed by the blood over the system. The acid irritates the inner lining of arteries and veins, and, settling in the joints, causes what is known as Articulate Rheumatism, etc. Constipation and inactivity of the digestive organs are the leading causes of the accumulation of the poisons. The digestive organs become clogged with the passing food, which becomes in time rotten and putrid, and throws off poisonous matter, which is taken up and passes into the entire system, poisoning the blood, and, in fact, all parts of the anatomy. It will thus be seen that Rheumatism is essentially a blood disease.

RHEUMATISM is designated by a number of names describing its location or condition, but the most popular designations are Acute, Chronic Articular, Muscular, Inflammatory, Sciatic, Gonorrhoeal and Mercurial Rheumatism.

ACUTE RHEUMATISM.

ACUTE RHEUMATISM usually comes with the ordinary symptoms of fever, soon after which, or simultaneously, or even before the appearance of signs of fever, excruciating pains are

preserve their position and the Membranes are webs that line their cavities.

THE MUSCLES

carry on their motions and serve to remind us that Life is one unceasing Muscular Exercise from Birth to Death.

felt in tho different parts of the body, particularly in the larger joints, which are more or less red and swollen, the pains shifting from one to another, at times with great rapidity.

The disease rarely terminates in less than six weeks, during the greater part of which period the fever remains high; and what is peculiar to the disease, the skin, feeling extremely hot, may be covered by a profuse perspiration, and the pulse appear no way modified by it. It is one of the essential symptoms of the affection, and consequently gives no relief. Acute Rheumatism seldom becomes chronic; those liable to the former are rarely to the latter, and vice versa. Sometimes it assumes a sub-acute form. After a few weeks the disease usually goes off, but leaves the patient very liable to a recurrence on slight exposure or errors of diet. At times Acute Rheumatism takes on the appearance of gout, seeming to be a complication of the two affections. It is then called Arthritic Rheumatism, Rheumatic (!out, Rheumatic Arthritis, or Nodular Rheumatism, and, when accompanied with deformity of a joint or joints, it is called Arthritis Deformans. Acute Rheumatism is characterised by inflammation about one or more of the joints, with a tendency to give rise to valvular disease of the heart. It is often associated with inflammation of the tonsils. It is due to an accumulation of poisons in the blood or to an insufficient, elimination of such poison, and can be cured by only removing the poisons from the blood. For this we believe UROSAL to be without an equal, particularly if taken in conjunction with an occasional dose of URO-TABS.

CHRONIC RHEUMATISM.

Chronic Rheumatism is attended with pains in the hips, shoulders, knees and other large joints; at times confined to one joint, at others shifting from one to another, without causing inflammation or fever. The complaint often continues for a long time and then ceases. There is no danger attendant upon it, but. the patient may become lame, and is always liable to painful recurrences. Wawn’s WONDER WOOL should be worn next to Hie skin as an aid to the treatment, in conjunction with UROSAL. An occasional dose of flRO-TABS, together with the regular taking of the warm bath, is also of value.

CAPSULAR RHEUMATISM.

When Rheumatism occurs in the lining membranes of the joints it. is called Capsular Rheumatism. The parts most liable to attacks are the feet and hands, where it is generally easily recognised by the enlargement of the joints; but the peculiar characteristics of the disease are most strikingly seen when it attacks the knee. Nothing is so effective as the UROSAL and URO-TAB treatment.

SCIATIC RHEUMATISM.

One of the most painful affections is Sciatic Rheumatism or Sciatica. This is not true Rheumatism, but. a Neuralgia of the

Sciatic nerve, characterised by severe attacks of pain in the buttocks, back of the thigh, or in the leg or the foot, following the course of the branches of the Sciatic nerve. The name is also popularly applied to various painful affections of the hip and parts adjoining it.

The treatment is the same as for Rheumatism. Take URO-SAL regularly and consistently, with an occasional dose of URO-TABS, not forgetting that a most comforting, soothing feeling can always be relied on by the application of WAWN’S WONDER-WOOL.

ARTICULAR RHEUMATISM.

Articular Rheumatism may be either Acute or Chronic, and simply means Rheumatism affecting one or more joints. For this reason it is designated sometimes Acute Articular Rheumatism, and sometimes as Chronic Articular Rheumatism.

INFLAMMATORY RHEUMATISM.

Inflammatory Rheumatism is the same as Acute Articular Rheumatism. The painful swelling of the inflamed joints causes intense misery. The patient’s expression bears the aspect of despair. Those who have not yet felt the terrible suffering caused by inflammatory Rheumatism can have no comprehension of its agony. But the inflammation of this disease merely progresses so far and stands still. Outside of a thickening of the fibrous textures from repeated, uncontrolled rheumatic attacks, there is no more sign of parts destroyed at the end of the inflammation than at its beginning. At any time the regular taking of UROSAL is usually attended with most gratifying results. The cessation of the whole process of Acute Rheumatism by the action of a product that is, at the same time, harmless to the sufferer, demonstrates one thing, viz.: THE ELIMINATION OF THE RHEUMATIC POISON.

MERCURIAL RHEUMATISM.

Mercurial Rheumatism (sometimes called syphilitic) is due to the excessive use of mercury. The mineral, settling in the bones and joints, stiffens the limbs and rots the bones. It is very painful, and requires skilful treatment to prevent the patient from becoming a cripple for life, which is so often the result. UROSAL should be regularly taken until all symptoms disappear.

GONORRHOEAL RHEUMATISM.

Gonorrhoeal Rheumatism is caused by the disease of this name. The gonorrhoeal microbe permeates the entire system, and when it reaches the joints they are certain to become stiff and useless.    _

It is the most difficult form to cure or even relieve—health resorts, mineral springs, and the medical profession appear to be powerless to remedy this dread disorder. It is probably also the most painful form of disease.

Gonorrhoeal Rheumatism does not ordinarily respond to remedies that cure Rheumatism, but UROSAL has been successful in a large number of cases, its solvent powers make it so, and the Local Trouble, which is often present in these cases, is almost invariably greatly relieved, and in many cases entirely disappears. URO-TABS are strongly advised to be regularly taken in such cases.

GOUT.

Gout consists of an inflammation of the fibres and ligaments of the joints, and almost always attacks the first great toe, next the smaller joints, after which it may attack the larger joints. It may also attack the internal organs, or the stomach, the intestines, etc. It is also very hard to distinguish from Rheumatism.

Treatment.—The Rheumatic patient is keenly sensitive to every change in the weather, and finds his suffering greatly aggravated by rains and dampness How stubborn these cases are, and how difficult to cure, is an old story to every practising physician. Electricity, massage, hot baths, hot air, and a hundred other methods and forms of treatment have been tried ana found wanting; while some give partial relief, none reach the root of the trouble.

There is one preparation, however, to which the sufferer can turn with almost certainty of results, as it completely dissolves the cause of Rheumatism from the blood, acting even in old cases, which have stubbornly resisted all other forms of treatment for years. This is UROSAL.

UROSAL has established its great reputation as an antirheumatic, solely by its work, and in all forms of disease arising from poison in the blood it has been found beneficial. In Rheumatism, whether Acute, Sub-Acute, Chronic, Inflammatory, or Muscular, in Lumbago, Sciatica, Pluerodynia, as well as in headaches and neuralgias of Rheumatic Origin, and in all other forms of blood disease, the results are most remarkable. Its effects are manifested by a rapid reduction of temperature, subsidence of pain and swelling, and clearing up of the urine, while in Chronic cases UROSAL has often restored stiffened limbs to flexibility and usefulness. UROSAL also differs from Rheumatic remedies in that it does not injuriously affect either the stomach or the heart, and can be prescribed safely for the most delicate organism.

In all forms of Rheumatism, the action of UROSAL is usually decisive, and the taking of one or two bottles is frequently sufficient, although the full course treatment is strongly recommended. In gonorrhoeal and mercurial rheumatism we believe UROSAL to be the most satisfactory remedy known, many physicians who have tried it now using it to the exclusion of everything else in the treatment in these latter forms of disease. Chronic cases of long standing do not always respond quickly, as in nearly every case, in addition to the disease, the system is full of poisonous drugs which must be eliminated. The action of UROSAL, in conjunction with an occasional dose of URO-TABS, in reducing swollen joints and relieving stiffened limbs, etc., is shown by hundreds of testimonials received by us.

UROSAL dissolves all poisons from the Blood. URO-TABS eliminates these poisons from the System.

Sufferers from chronic complaints must not expect one or two bottles of UROSAL to completely cure them, as frequently a course (eight bottles) is necessary before a permanent cure can be effected UROSAL costs 2/9 per bottle, from your chemist or store, or post free from the manufacturer.

A course of UROSAL (eight bottles) costs £1 POST FREE from the manufacturer.

LTRO-TABS cost 3/6 per bottle, from your Chemist or store, or direct from the manufacturer, POST FREE, and two bottles of URO-TABS are strongly recommended to be taken with each course of UROSAL.

RINGWORM.

Ringworn is a species of fungus, and is highly contagious. It finds in children a congenial soil for growth. The disease occurs on any part of the body, but chiefly on the head.

Ringworm is a very obstinate complaint. It often continues for a very long time, and resists every mode of treatment. Six weeks is perhaps the shortest time in which a cure can be effected.

Treatment.—Wawn’s Ringworm Paint is a special paint for application to Ringworm, and can be had direct from our Laboratories. This we have found to be an unfailing remedy. (See Page 101).

SCARLATINA.

It is not, perhaps, the deaths from Scarlet Fever itself that are to be most dreaded, as they are inevitable and to be expected in malignant forms of the disease. The sequelae or after-effects of the fever in those who recover are most far-reaching in their power of maiming the structures of the body. Disease of the Kidneys, permanent deafness, diseases of the joints, enlarged glands, are but a few of these sequelae. The fever seeks out the weak points of the organism, and starts them into unhealthy activity.

Scarlatina means a body full of special microbes, which by their irritant action inflame the throat and redden the surface with a scarlet rash, and subsequently cause a general exfoliation of the skin and linings of the Kidney passages when the blood has ejected the bacilli.

Treatment.—Necessitates Medical attention and trealmcnt.

TREATMENT OF SNAKE-BITE AND SPIDER-BITE.

Fig. 1. — Diagram showing rrv thod of applying ligatures


Fig. 2.—Diagram showing method o? cutting out bitten part.


SNAKE-BITE.

DIRECTIONS. — A Ligature —

that is, a strong string, tape, narrow strip of clothing, or handkerchief—should be tied at once round the limb above the bitten part. When it has been tied, pass a piece of stick under it, and twist it round and round so as to screw up the ligature as tightly as you can. Leave the stick in the twisted ligature, and secure the end by another string as shown in Figure 1. Great pain and swelling are caused by this, but cannot be avoided.

At the end of half an hour undo the ligature for five minutes; then tie and screw up again. At the end of another half-hour the ligature may be removed altogether.

In places where a ligature cannot be tied, as on the neck or face, pinch up the bitten part between the finger and thumb, and cut it out (Figure 2).

In any case the bitten part should be cut into by numerous little cuts over and around the bites, for about half an inch round, and sucked by the mouth freely and perseveringly, and this can be done without danger by any person. Crystals of Permanganate of Potash should be rubbed well into the wound.

Stimulants, such as brandy, whisky, gin, rum, sal volatile, in small quantities at a time, or strong-tea or coffee, or wine, may be given if the patient be faint.

Do no more to the patient than is advised above, but obtain the services of a medical man.

SPIDER-BITE.

The foregoing directions apply equally to the treatment of bites from poisonous spiders.

SUNSTROKE, HEATSTROKE OR HEAT-APOPLEXY,

PREVENTION.—Sunstroke, also called heatstroke, heat-apoplexy, etc., means the effect of excessive heat, not necessarily the immediate action of the sun’s rays. It may thus occur at night as well as by day. It is most likely to affect intemperate persons, and those whose health is disordered or who are overfatigued.    ^

During hot weather everything which tends to lower the general health, such as insufficient rest, dissipation, great bodily or mental fatigue, etc., should be avoided. It is dangerous to expose the uncovered head, neck, or back to the sun’s rays, and it is particularly dangerous to lie down upon the hot ground. Within the house, especially at night, the freest possible circulation of air should be provided for.    Impure air and overcrowding

should be avoided. Open-work screens or blinds kept wet are very useful to cool the air which blows through them. It is very necessary to observe the strictest moderation in the use of alcohol in any form (wine, beer, spirits). Acid drinks, containing little sugar, should be freely taken. Very little meat should be eaten.

Symptoms and Treatment.—When a sunstroke, heatstroke, or heat-apoplexy is threatening, some of the following symptoms are usually met with:—

A general feeling of being weak and ill, restlessness, sleeplessness, giddiness, sickness, vomiting, loss of appetite, and hurried breathing. The skin is sometimes pale, moist, and cold, but sometimes it is hot and dry.

When such symptoms are present, all exertion must be at once stopped. The patient should lie down quietly in the shade, in the coolest place that can be found, with plenty of fresh air. All tight and heavy clothing should be removed, and the patient clad in light, loose garments. Cold water may be applied to the face and body, but must not be long continued. Moistening the forehead, fanning the face, and the use of smelling-salts are beneficial. A brisk purgative may be given, if the bowels have not been regularly and well opened.

When a sunstroke, heatstroke, or heat-apoplexy has occurred the patient may be in one of two conditions:—

1.    The patient may have become suddenly unconscious, and may have a

pale moist skin, and disturbed breathing.

2.    Or he may have high fever, when the skin is very hot, the face, head,

and neck are flushed ; breathing is disturbed; the mind may wander; there may be convulsions, or a condition like a deep sleep, from which the patient cannot be roused.

In both the above cases, place the patient in the shade. Let him lie on bis back, but, if possible, not on the ground. Remove his clothing, and let a stream of cold water fall on the head and neck. A large enema or a brisk purgative (such as half an ounce of Epsom salts or two tablespoonfuls of castor oil) should be given, or, if the patient cannot swallow, five grains of calomel should be placed at the back of the tongue.

When there is fever—when the skin is very hot—apply ice or cold water, or cold wet clothes to the patient’s body (wrap him in a cold, wet sheet, kept moist). Cool him by these means, but take care that he does not become chilled.

In all cases, procure medical aid as soon as possible. Until the doctor comes, do nothing beyond what is recommended above.

SCIATICA.

-    (See “Urosal,” Page 75).

SORE THROAT.

In the great majority of cases sore throat is merely one of the early symptoms of a common cold. The fauces become swollen and reddened, and there is dryness and pain in the act of swollowing. It is a very simple ailment, and amenable to quite simple treatment.

Rarer and more serious forms of sore throat are when the parts either become ulcerated, or when they take on somewhat of a diphtheric aspect, having the white appearance characteristic of that affection, without, however, its constitutional symptoms being present.

Further, it must never be lost sight of that sore throat is one of the symptoms of incipient Scarlatina and Diphtheria—two very grave diseases, which may always be suspected, and which will be indicated by other constitutional symptoms.

Regular gargling with warm solutions of Wonder Fluid (1 to 5) are most effective. A small quantity of Wonder Balm squeezed out and allowed to dissolve slowly in the mouth acts most beneficially on the throat, and is perfectly harmless. Wonder .Tubes also exert a powerful influence over all forms of inflamed conditions of the Throat. Wonder Wool should also be wrapped around the throat.

TONSILITIS.

An acute inflammation of the Tonsils. Apply same treatment as for Sore Throat.

TOOTHACHE.

needs no description. If the Tooth is hollow, plug it with Wonder Wool; if a sound Tooth, apply Wonder Wool to the face. Adults.—Take one or two Wonder Tabs every three hours until relieved. Consult your Dentist.

TYPHOID FEVER.

DEFINITION.—Typhoid Fever is an acute, infectious disease.

SYMPTOMS.—As a forerunner of Typhoid Fever, there is general indisposition, and the patient complains of feeling tired and weak, with loss of appetite, the tongue is coated, the breath is bad, and the patient is subject to bleeding of the nose, and a general disturbance of the bowels. Small spots are noticed at the end of the first week on the chest and abdomen, and are known as rose spots. Fever is now noticed, which gradually increases for from seven to ten days. It may range from 102 to 105; the pulse is rapid; there may be delirium; the abdomen is bloated; the tongue is heavily coated, and the spleen, which

.

lies on the left side just below the ribs, may be enlarged and tender; and, as the result of the ulcerated patches in the intestines, hemorrhage may occur, as the result of perforation. The fever remains high for about three weeks, and gradually begins to diminish, as a result of the modification of the general symptoms.    .

Immediately first suspicions are had consult a medical man.

ULCERS.

Bathing with warm solutions of Wonder Fluid and the application of Wonder Balm will frequently give miraculous results. A course of Wawn’s Blood-Purifier Tablets (See Page 101) is recommended to rid the blood of all impurities.

URINE (Incontinence of).

The urine is an excretion derived from the blood during its passage through the Kidneys. It is composed of water, holding in solution the soluble refuse of the tissues. A healthy person passes water about four times a day, but if the urine is perverted or irritating, it may be passed much more frequently.

An inability to retain the water at night during sleep is a common symptom among children, or those with unhealthy constitutions, irritable brains, or of the carelessly brought up. A child should be taught early the necessity of regular habits. Systematic emptying of the bladder is almost as essential as daily action of the bowels.

Incontinence may be caused by the irritation of worms; by errors of diet, such as too rich or too stimulating foods, or it may originate from mere indolence and bad habit.

This same unpleasant symptom is noticed in diseases of the ibrain or spine, or as a result of the mechanical influence of extreme coughing.

Treatment.—Bedwetters should avoid mental excitement. They should be allowed open-air recreation, and not do any home lessons, and they should be made to sleep on a hard mattress without many bedclothes. The child should be made to empty the bladder before retiring, and, in order to avoid heavy sleep, should be wakened in about two hours. To avoid lying on the back a cotton-reel may be adjusted over the lower part of the spine. Warm baths and cold sponging of the back are distinctly useful in cases of nervous origin, and may be combined if necessarv with galvanism.

CIRCUMCISION.—If due to physical causes or defects this operation may be confidently recommended.

1 Diet should be rigorously plain, but wholesome—a very little meat, and no rich dainties or sweetstuffs. Salted or acid foods are to be avoided. Alcohol or tea and coffee are bad for children. No drinks of any kind should be taken for at least an hour before retiring to bed.    _

A special mixture of Belladonna and Bromide has been found to be an unfailing remedy. Can be had by writing and giving full particulars to Dept. M. (See Page 8.)

URTICARIA.

Some persons have an irritable skin, and a slight cause will bring on nettlerash. Uritcaria is a transient skin eruption marked by the presence of wheals similar to those caused by nettle stings. Scratching, rubbing, or bathing will bring out this rash. Nervous worry, uterine irritation, a perverted Liver, and other malign influences are exciting causes. The chronic form of nettlerash is very obstinate. Digestive derangement is the most frequent factor in producing the eruption. There are certain foods and drugs which act as veritable poisons to the skin, through the intermedium of a poisoned blood and a system full of acid.    _

Treatment.—HYGIENE.—Great cleanliness must be observed. "It is best to wash morning and evening, as the use of water removes wheals. Warm baths greatly soothe the skin. Ammonia or Soda baths are used in obstinate cases, or a course of Turkish baths may be suggested in cases having a gouty or rheumatic origin.

DIET.—All forms of shellfish are to be forbidden. The eating of such foods is a frequent cause of nettlerash. Vegetable acids, such as vinegar, pickles, sauces, or lemon juice, are highly prejudicial.

Wawn’s Buchu Bitters have a most beneficial action on Urticaria, and are strongly recommended to be taken.

VARICOSE VEINS.

Every vein is possessed of valves, which enables the current to flow freely in one direction only. When a vein is dilated its valves cease to be efficient—it has become varicose. The vessels are seen under the skin; they are dilated, tortuous, knotted, and the limb is discolored and swollen. Varicose veins are almost exclusively confined to the superficial vessels of the lower limbs, or to the spermatic veins. The latter is called varicocele. Excessive standing, tight garters or stays, pregnancy, constipation, and disorders of the circulation are the most usual starting-points.

Treatment.—STOCKING.—An elastic Stocking affords that support to the vein which the valves can no longer give. The elastic pressure prevents them from getting worse. A Stocking should fit well and comfortably. Prolonged exercise or standing should be abstained from. A varicocele requires the support of a suspender.

Laxatives should be given to obviate constipation, which always aggravates the complaint. Wawn’s Wonder Salts, taken in a wine-glass of warm water first thing in the morning, will be found most beneficial, or an occasional dose of Wonder Pills.

Wawn’s Wonder-Fluid

THE SAFE ANTISEPTIC For both External and Internal use

An Alkaline, Antiseptic, Cleansing, Soothing, Healing, Deordorising, Non-irritating, and Non-poisonous Solution

UNEQUALLED FOR

Irritations, Wounds, Burns, Etc. As a Surgical Dressing for Skin Diseases. As a Mouth-Wash and Gargle. Also for the Treatment of Nasal Catarrh, Throat, Chest and Lung Diseases. Eye and Ear Troubles. Infectious Diseases, Stomach Troubles, Gastritis, Etc. Leucorrhoea and other similar Complaints. Piles, Inflammations, Insect Bites, Sunburn, Abscesses, Carbuncles, Boils, Sprains, Black Eyes, Etc.

WONDER-FLUID is packed in two sizes:—


6-oz. Bottles.................... 2/\,

18-oz. Bottles.................. 6/6

An Antiseptic Solution, based on the alkalinity and saline strength of normal blood. Its action is Exosmotic, Antiseptic, and to a marked degree Anaesthetic. It ensures Asepsis without irritation, prevents infection, and assists Nature in her efforts to restore normal conditions.

It is cleansing, soothing and healing in that it stimulates cell life.

FIRST AID FOR MINOR INJURIES.

Even the most superficial cuts, bruises, and skin abrasions may become infected. Unpleasant and serious results sometime« develop. Every injury to the skin, however small, deserve* careful attention.

Cleanse thoroughly all minor skin injuries with Wonder-Fluid.

Its antiseptic properties, derived from balsamic essences and ozoniferous oils, tend to eliminate the cause of infection.

The boric acid contained in it remains as a thin film over the wound, after the rest has evaporated. It encourages rapid natural healing.

Wonder-Fluid does not stain the skin or linen. It is a safe antiseptic, unusually convenient for many uses.

WHITLOW,

Some can wound or poison their flesh with more or less impunity. With others the veriest pin-scratch will cause the most virulent inflammation and blood-poisoning. Persons tainted with scrofula, or who suffer from constipation and impure blood., are more prone to this than others. In such cases a slight injury of any kind to a finger or finger nail will start a painful inflammatory swelling called a Whitlow. The pain is great, usually terminating in Abscess, and, if severe, must be attended to at once, otherwise there is danger of its spreading up the hand, or causing necrosis of the finger bones.

Treatment.—The point of the finger should be well protected by wrapping in cotton wool to prevent it coming into violent contact witli any hard substance, which it is so apt to do, and which would increase the irritation, and render almost certain the loss of the nail, or even more serious consequences. It is well also to keep the arm in a sling.

Hot Fomentations of Wonder Fluid and Poultices are usually resorted to to allay pain and inflammation, or to promote the formation and discharge of matter. The abscess should be freely laid open with the lancet, whenever it is ready for it.

SPLINTS.—Where poisoning of the parts threatens to extend up the arm, absolute rest by means of a splint is called for, as well as prompt surgical treatment.

Painting the point of the finger with Iodine, if done at an early stage, will often arrest the further progress of a Whitlow.

WHOOPING-COUGH.

Whooping-Cough is supposed to be due to the action of a specific microbe, which takes up its habitat in the throat. The Infective material is probably contained in the expectorated mucus. The complaint is highly contagious. The cough of Whooping-Cough is distinguished from that of other disorders by the peculiar "whoop” which accompanies it, by its violent paroxysmal character, and by its coming on at regular interval», and terminating in vomiting or expectoration. Children knew when the Cough is about to seize them, and they run te their natural protectors for help.

Treatment.—HYGIENE.—Sufferers    should be warmly

clothed, and, if weakly at the chest, must be kept indoors during the acute stage. If strong, and the symptoms are subsiding, plenty of fresh air will be beneficial.

Diet should be light and nourishing. Care must be taken not to overload the stomach, for vomiting is a frequent symptom of this complaint. Milk and lime water, milk puddings, and beef tea are the most satisfactory articles of diet to give habitually. A teaspoonful «f Brandy given in sugared water is useful t« allay the restlessness of an incessant cough. Cod Liver oil and Malt, alse Emulsions, are valuable foods to remove the debility of convalescence.

INHALANT.—Wawn’s Inhalant is a most valuable remedy, and helps to relieve the paroxysms. Add a teaspoonful to a pint of boiling water, and let the patient inhale the fumes—repeat frequently. A few drops can also be given internally on a lump of sugar.

SULPHUR.—Equally effective treatment consists in putting the child in a room that has been thoroughly disinfected with Sulphur.

IPECACUANHA WINE.—A paroxysm of Whooping Cough often ends in vomiting, and great relief is thus obtained. To promote this, Ipecacuanha Wine may be given in emetic doses, •r small doses of Wawn's Old Fashioned Cough Mixture.

Wonder Wool is the great stand-by for Whooping Cough, and a special jacket should be prepared by lining the Singlet with Wonder Wool, and thus covering the whole Chest and Back. Wonder Bslin is also recommended to be rubbed into Chest and Back night and morning.

Change of Air, especially to the seaside, will act magically in completing a cure; but if resorted to too early it may dp harm. Seven weeks from the onset of the disease is the time usually allowed.

WORMS (Round Worms, Thread Worms.)

A child with worms may suffer from great itching of the nose and anus, thirst, a capricious appetite, shortness of breath, emaciation, cough, stomach-pains, and even convulsions or epilepsy may ensue. But every one of these symptoms may be, *nd often is, absent. Worms are generally contracted by eating raw vegetables or drinking water contaminated with the ova, and all children alike, and even adults, are liable to them. The round worm resembles a garden worm, but is whiter in appearance. A thread worm is from i to 1 inch long, and looks like a piece of white cotton. The former dwell chiefly in the small intestine, where they live on the chyle. The latter take up their abode chieily ,ln the rectum, and live on slime. The only proof of the presence of worms is the detection of the creatures or their ova in the dejecta passed.

Diet should always be simple. Cakes, Pastry, Sweetstuffs, and any rich food must be avoided. Salt should be eaten with meals. Drinking-water should be boiled or carefully filtered. Fruit or Vegetables should be dipped an strong salt and water. Raw carrots and raw uncooked vegetables are domestic remedies for worms. They pass through unchanged, and sweep the worms onwards, but their use cannot be counselled.

HYGIENE.—The general health of a child must be careful!' looked after. Cold morning sponging, with vigorous rubbing afterwards, combined with plenty of open-air exercise, impart vigor, and are direct aids to local treatment. A child’s finger nails should be cut to prevent scratching.

INJECTIONS.—Intestinal worms flourish in slimy tenacious mucus. If this is brought into a healthy condition they take their departure forthwith. Common Salt, one tablespoonful to a pint, is a sample and good injection to use for this purpose. It must be given at bedtime, when the bowel is empty, and it should be copious. Strong infusion of Quassia is even more effectual than salt. Quassia has a deadly poisonous effect on lowly organised parasites of any kind.

Lime water taken freely as a beverage, with or without milk, is the best medicinal treatment for the cure of Thread Worms. It must be continued for several months. It clears the intestine of slime, in which they flourish.

Wawn’s Worm Powders are recommended for Round Worms, and have proved to be most efficacious.

WORMS (Jape.)

Tienia, or Tapeworm, is a much more formidable variety than either of the other two. It as brought on by eating underdone beef or pork which contains the half-developed larva.

The Tapeworm takes up its quarters in the bowel, and there remains until dislodged, feeding on the food which its host provides. The parasite possesses a minute head and a segmented body, sometimes extending throughout the whole extent of the .intestine—20 or 30 feet. It has no digestive organs, but waits until the partially digested food or chyle flows into the duodenum, when it takes its full share. The unfortunate host naturally gets thin, in spite of a voracious appetite. He is deprived of a large portion of his best nutriment, after he has had all the trouble of digesting it. The joints of the worm are continually thrown off and passed by the bowel.

Treatment.—Oil of male fern is the drug most frequently given in this country. The patient should have a light tea, no supper, and at bedtime take a dose of Castor Oil. On the following morning, when the bowels have acted, Oil of Male Fern floated on milk, in Emulsion or in Capsules, should be given. In a few hours, when the bowels act again, the worm will be expelled, and it is important to search for the head.

Glycerine taken in large quantities is another harmless and thoroughly good remedy. It possesses the great advantage of being harmless except to the parasite.

WAWN’S WONDER-MINT

STOPS INDIGESTION

Flushed Face, Red Nose, Dyspepsia, Heart-Burn, Water Brash, Colic, Flatulency and all other Digestive troubles. It is prepared from the Milky Extract of the Queensland Paw-Paw in combination with other Suitable Compounds and will be found an unfailing remedy.

Recipes for the Sick Room

The great prominence, which is now accorded to all matters connected with diet and food, is one of the most striking features of modern medicine. Judging from the course and progress of events, also, there is every reason for believing that these subjects will receive even more attention in the future.

In all forms of acute disease, the administration of suitable nourishment is of the utmost importance.

ALBUMEN WATER.

One of the most valuable combinations that we possess in many forms of disease, in infants and children, is albumen water. In acute diarrhoea, it is usually most valuable, not only in stopping the purging, but also in sustaining the infant as well. In some forms of indigestion, albumen water succeeds, when other treatment fails, particularly if the baby has become exhausted or prostrated. Also in vomiting when the symptoms are increasing, and do not readily yield to other remedies, it is most satisfactory. Again, in the more dreaded vomiting—associated with purging—albumen water is generally one of the first things to be employed. In all these maladies, the doses used should vary in accordance with the severity of the disease. Half teaspoonful of the albumen water, every hour, is, comparatively speaking, a small dose. But it is frequently necessary to give one teaspoonful, every hour—or even, in desperate cases, every half hour.

The following is the method employed: —

Take—

Half the White of one Fresh Egg.

Five Tablespoonfuls of Cold Water—Previously Boiled.

One Tablespoonful of the best Quality Brandy.

A sensation of Salt.

First of all, the white of egg and the water are to be vigorously shaken up together—a bottle being most convenient for the purpose. The Brandy and the Salt should then be added, and the shaking energetically continued—till everything is thoroughly blended together. Half a teaspoonful of this solution will contain 5 drops of Brandy.

BARLEY JELLY.

Put two tablespoonfuls of well-washed pearl Barley into a saucepan, with a pint and a half of water, and boil slowly down to a pint. Strain away the barley, and allow the liquid to sot into a jelly. A tablespoonful of this is dissolved In a breakfast-cupful of sterilised or boiled cows’ milk, and sweetened with a little sugar. This may be given as a meal, once or twic« a day, to a hand-fed infant ten months old and upwards; and forms a pleasing variety in the dietary.

BARLEY WATER AND WHITE OF EGG

Let some Barley Jelly be prepared in accordance with the preceding recipe. Two teaspoonfuls are then to be mixed with a breakfastcupful of water (which has, previously, been boiled). The white of one fresh egg is next to be added to this mixture of barley jelly and water. This'forms an exceedingly valuable combination in those cases, so frequently occurring in infants and young children, in which cows’ milk—in any shape or form —is either vomited up by the stomach or else purged through the bowels. At the very beginning, only a very small quantity at a time should be given, at somewhat frequent periods— perhaps one or two teaspoonfuls, every half hour. But, as improvement begins, the amount can be gradually increased, and the intervals extended, till the little patient has three or four tablespoonfuls, every 2 or 3 hours—or as much as six to eight tablespoonfuls, every 3 hours.

BARLEY WATER.

Put two full teaspoonfuls of thoroughly well-washed Pearl Barley with one pint of cold water into a saucepan, and let it simmer gently till only two-thirds remain; strain carefully.

Barley Water must be kept in a cool place and should be freshly made every 12 hours.

Barley Water may be given to hand-fed babies, during the first six weeks, with an equal quantity of sterilised or boiled cows’ milk. A combination sometimes efficacious; if this proves unsuitable, try one consisting of equal parts of sterilised or boiled cows’ milk, barley water, and lime-water.

For the second 6 weeks, the amount of milk, in the first mixture, should be increased, in the proportion of two parts of sterilised or boiled cows’ milk to one part of barley water—twice as much milk as barley water. Then, after the age of three months, if all be going on well, and the infant can digest, it, the quantity of milk should be larger still, namely, three to one of barley water—three times as much milk as barley water.

BEEF TEA.

Take one pound of good rump steak or gravy beef and carefully remove from it every particle of skin, fat, and gristle. Mince it into the smallest possible pieces, place it in an earthenware jar, and pour over it one pint of cold water. Stir it thoroughly, cover the top of the jar with a piece of muslin, cork it well so that it is air-tight, and let it stand for one hour. Then place the jar in a saucepan of water, and let the latter boil gently for one hour on no account must it be allowed to boil violently. Strain through a piece of muslin, and let it cool. Skim off any fat from the top, and warm up as much as may be required, adding a pinch of salt.

CHICKEN BROTH.

Take a small chicken, free it from the skin, and from all the fat between the muscles, split it into two halves, and remove the lungs, liver, etc., from the inside. The fat must be removed to prevent any greasy taste from developing. Cut and chop the chicken up, bones and all, into as many small fragments as possible. Put these into a pan with a little salt, and pour over them a quart of boiling water. Cover the pan, and simmer over a slow fire for two hours. Lastly, stand the pan near the fire for half an hour, and strain carefully.

EGG, WITH BRANDY.

Beat up the unboiled yolk of one egg with fifteen drops of brandy. A tablespoonful of water is then added, and also a little white sugar. This combination of egg and brandy is of particular service in chronic diarrhoea, and may be given two, three, or four times daily. It forms a most nutritious mixture, and is wonderfully strengthening as well. This amount mentioned is for an infant who is over 12 months old. •

LIME WATER.

Lime water may be prepared at home in the following manner :—Take a piece of unslacked lime about the size of a walnut, and place it in an earthenware jar containing two quarts of filtered water. When required, stir it round thoroughly from the bottom, allow the sediment to settle, and use only from the top. Replace the water when half of it is finished, and make a fresh lot each week.

MUTTON BROTH.

Cut off half a pound of lean mutton, carefully freed from all skin, fat, and gristle, into mince. Add to the minced mutton one pint of cold water, and let it simmer for three hours, taking off the scum as it rises from time to time. Stir a pinch of salt well into it, and, after straining off the fluid through muslin, let it stand till it is cool enough for use, when any fat, if present, floating on the surface, should be removed.

PEPTONISED MILK.

When we peptonise milk, we partly digest it, and the portion thus digested is the curd. So that peptonised milk is milk which has been artificially digested, to a greater or lesser extent, before it enters the stomach. Peptonised milk is exceedingly valuable in the treatment of many infantile digestive disorders. It is of particular advantage in these cases, because the baby has no difficulty in dealing with the curd.

To make peptonised milk for an infant under the age of six months, the following are the directions given:—Into a clean feeding bottle, pour a quarter pint of milk, a quarter pint of warm water, and a quarter of a Fairchild Zymine Peptonising Powder. Place the bottle for twenty minutes in water as hot as the hand can hear, and a little sugar, or /ugar of milk, to sweeten, and then boil quickly. If this be not done, a slightly bitter taste Is developed.

For an infant over six months old, the method to be pursued is as follows :—Into a clean feeding bottle, pour a quarter pint of milk, half as much warm water, and a quarter of a Fairchild Zymine Peptonising Powder. Put aside in a warm place for fifteen minutes; sweeten with white or milk sugar.

RAW MEAT JUICE.

Raw meat juice should be prepared by mincing finely the best rump steak, carefully freed from nil fat, skin, and gristle, then adding cold water in the proportion of one part of water to four of meat. Stir well together and allow to soak for one hour, cold. The juice should then be forcibly expressed through muslin, or a clean handkerchief, by twisting it.

WHEY, PLAIN.

Plain Whey is most easily made from “Rennet Tablet«.” Each tablet will make one quart of milk into junket. This should then be beaten up with a fork, until it has become entirely liquid. This should next be strained through muslin or a clean handkerchief, and the plain whey will come through ready for use.

APPROXIMATE MEASURES.

1 toaspoenful    equals 1 fluid drachm.

1 dessertspoonful equals 2 fluid drachms.

1 tablespoonful    equals 4 fluid drachms.

1 tablespoonful equals l fluid ounce.

1 teaspoonful    equals 60 drops.

4 fluid ounces equal about 1 teacupful or 8 tablespoonfuls.

8 teaspoonfuls equal about 1 fluid ounce.

1 drop ordinarily is said to equal a minim, but the density of the liquid may cause a variation.

When accurate dosage is required, a small graduate should be used.

Approximate Time Needed for the Digestion of Some Principal Foods.

Apples............................... 31    hours

Beef, boiled .............................. 3    hours

Beef, Roasted............................ 3£    hours

Beef, smoked ............................ 4J    hours

Cabbage................................ 3£    hours

Carrots................................ 3    hours

Cheese................................ 3£    hours

Eggs, raw .. .. .. .................. .. ..    2 hours

Eggs, fried or hard boiled.................. 3£ hours

Fish, boiled..................... • .. • • •. 2 hours

'Goose, roasted.......................... 4^ hours

Ham, boiled..................... • .. .. • • 3 hours

Lamb................. • .............. 2£ hours

Milk.................................. 2    hours

Mutton,, boiled.......................... 3    hours

Mutton, roasted.......................... 3    hours

Oysters, raw............................ 2    hours

Fork, roasted............................ 4£    hours

Potatoes............................ ••    3 hours

Poultry, boiled or roasted.................... 3    hours

Rice, if completely cooked .................... 2    hours

Sago, if completely    cooked.................. 2    hours

Sweetbread .............................. 2    hours

Tapioca, if completely    cooked ................ 2    hours

Tripe.................................. 1    hour

Turnips................................ 3J    hours

Veal .................................. 4    hours

Wheaten bread .......................... 3£    hours

SS

WOMEN — KEEP YOUNG !

A Woman is only as old as she feels Take FEMATON — a Woman’s Tonic

and you will look young and feel young

FEMATON is a scientifically compounded tonic containing the finest vegetable extracts in a highly concentrated form. Its success is unparalleled. Suffering women owe it to themselves to give Fematon a trial.

IT IS A VALUABLE TONIC AND SEDATIVE.

Worn out, run down, nervous women will find its wonderful, strength-giving powers just what they require. It gives help where help is most needed. It makes weak women strong and sick women well. This preparation lias helped many women to retain their youth, and it will do the same for you. If you have let your system get run down and worn out by overwork and neglect, you will find it will put you right. If you are ill, do not give up and be discouraged. A course of Fematon will give you a new lease of life.

FEMATON IMPARTS STRENGTH TO THE SYSTEM.

For many women the path to health has been through Fematon. It is a genuine woman’s tonic, and is especially recommended for—

Lassitude

Neuralgia

Insomnia


Nervous Debility Loss of Appetite Giddiness


Nervousness

Irritability

indigestion

Anaemia


Exhaustion

Headache

Backache


DIRECTIONS.

Take one dessert-spoonful in three times as much water three times a day. A preferable time for taking Fematon is a few minutes after meals. Girls between the ages of 14 and 18 should take 1J teaspoonfuls three times a day. Women over the age of 40 can increase the dose to four times a day, the fourth dose to be taken at bedtime. In order to get the best results from the use of Fematon, the bowels must be kept regular. For most women a laxative two or three times a week is all that is required, but anyone who is at all costive should take one every night, and for this purpose we recommend Femalax “Female Regulators” as being the most suitable.

WARNING.

In many cases the first impression gained from the use of Fematon is one of surprise at the immediate results which become so quickly apparent. We have, however, to warn sufferers that it is necessary to persist in the use of Fematon if they want to get permanent results.

Most of the ailments for which Fematon is recommended are those that many women neglect in . their early stages. Then, when they are so tired out and run down that life is more or less of a burden, they seek relief.

It is for these women that Fematon is intended, but it ie only reasonable to admit that trouble of such long standing cannot be relieved in a week, and by one bottle of medicine.

For this reason we recommend everyone to take a course of Fematon: that is six bottles—48 days’ treatment—as well as two bottles of Femalax, which are usually sufficient for each course of Fematon.

Do not make the mistake of stopping the medicine as soon as you feel an improvement. Give your weakened system a chance to get back its strength, your unstrung nerves to return to normal.

FEMALAX.

“Female Regulators.”

Specially prepared for taking in conjunction with Fematon, “A Woman’s Tonic.”

FEMALAX “Female Regulators” is a combination of Herbal extracts manufactured into Pill form, and specially prepared for taking in conjunction with Fematon, “A Woman’s Tonic." Femalax “Female Regulators” have a unique cleansing action on the Liver, Kidneys, Bladder and Urinary Organs, and greatly assist Fematon, “A Woman’s Tonic,” in its work. Femalax “Female Regulators" should be regularly taken in doses which should be increased or reduced in accordance with results obtained—starting with a small dose, and increasing same until a regular normal action is obtained. It may be necessry at certain periods for larger doses to be taken, in order that as much assistance as possible will be obtained. Femalax “Female Regulators” are just as effective on young girls as they are on adults, and are strongly recommended to be taken at those periods when the help obtained from them will be found invaluable.

Both Fematon, "A Woman’s Tonic," and Femalax "Female Regulators" are the prescriptions of a well-known Specialist, and are prepared by fully qualified Pharmacists. Every confidence can therefore be had that these remedies are proven ones, and are not the ordinary "quack” remedies so frequently advertised.

Fematon costs 5/6 bottle; Femalax, 3/6. Course Treatments consisting of 6 bottles of Fematon, 2 bottles of Femalax, will be sent post free for 37/-.

Payment can be either sent with your order or full advantage can be taken of the Value Payable Postage System.

iron i a v r KU'LAA

THE “SWEET" LAXATIVE

Hurrahf No more nasty medicines—no more Castor Oil—no more squirms or squalls—no more coaxing —but a wild rush for FRU-LAX—the "Sweet” Laxative.

CHILDREN LOVE THEM-GROWN UPS ALSO.

FRU-LAX—The "Sweet" Laxative—is a Fruit Laxative Pastille prepared from the fruits of Black Currants, Apples, Apricots, Figs and Plums, with which are blended the juices of Lemons, Oranges and Pineapples. A most unique preparation—suitable alike for both Children and Adults.

FRU*LAX—The “ Sweet ” Laxative—‘ Moves the World’

A Fru-Lax each days keeps the Doctor away."

‘Moves the World”


FRU-LAX

THE “SWEET” LAXATIVE

FRU-LAX—The "Sweet" Laxative —is really more than a Laxative, as it acts on the Liver and the Stomach, and is most beneficial for both Flatulence and Indigestion, as well as regulating the action of the Bowels.

Every child should have FRU-LAX at bedtime, particularly when there is an epidemic prevalent, such as Measles, Colds, Sore Throats, &c.

FRU-LAX keeps you fit and well and is a regular boon to Mothers—Children simply love them—and for Adults there is nothing better, or more pleasant to take.

Children take up to one half.

Adults—Take one to three: as required at bedtime.

A 1“ ru-Lax each day keeps tha Doctor away."

BODY HEAT OR TEMPERATURE,

There are cases where it is extremely necessary to mark the temperature, and for this purpose a Clinical Thermometer is used. This consists of an hermetically sealed glass tube containing Mercury, its responding agent, in a bulb at the end. About three-fourths of its length is divided into degrees from a standard basis, and each degree again into five parts. The temperature is usually taken from the mouth, under the tongue, with the lips, but not the teeth, closed over the glass. The armpit is sometimes used, as is also the groin. Two minutes will suffice for the temperature to be read, care being taken to shake the mercury down. It is essential that the instrument be washed and dried after use, and kept in its case. The following table of temperatures will serve as a guide for conditions:-—

93 (the base figure)—Collapse.

97.3— Subnormal Temperature.

98.4— Natural or Normal Temperature (shown by a “tick” at side with the letter “N”).

101— Feverishness.

102— Fever.

103— Severe Fever.

105—High Fever.

100 to 10S—Excessive Fever.

THE PULSE IN RELATION TO TEMPERATURE.

The pulse beats respond to the Temperature, but not arbitrarily, as they should. Still there is a standard rate. The following figures give the pulse beats to temperature degrees, the rise in the one being in tens of beats, and in the other in single

degrees.


98 degrees

00 beats with

70 „

„ 90

80 „

„ 100

90 „

„ 101

100 „

„ 102

110 „

,, 103

120 „

„ 104

130 „

„ 105

Any marked irregularity in this ratio is to be viewed with anxiety

Wawn’s Medicines

Wawn’s Buehu Bitters—A Tonic and Cleanser for the Kidneys, Bladder and Urinary Organs. Excellent also for feverishness, Measles, Chicken Pox, etc. 4/6 bottle.

Wawn’s Calamine and Sulphur Lotion—A wonderful soothing and healing Lotion. 4/6 bottle.

Wawn’s “Old Fashioned” Cough Mixture—For Coughs, Colds, Bronchitis. Asthma, etc. Acts like a charm. 1/6 and 2/9 bottle.

Wawn’s Wonder Salts—Acts on the Liver. Should be taken first tiling in the morning. 2/- bottle.

Wawn’s Ironated Pills—For Ansemia and Bloodlessness. 3/6 bottle.

Wawn’s Inhalant-For Chest Coughs, Bronchitis, Asthma, etc. 2/6 bottle.

Wawn’s Asthma Mixture—5/- bottle.

Wawn’s Asthma Powder—5/- tin.

Wawn’s Wonder Eye Ointment—A most useful and soothing emollient for the Eyes, particularly for all affections of the Eyelids. 2/6 a tube.

Wawn’s Wonder Eye Lotion—For all affections of the Eyes. Recommended to be used in the Eye bath two or three times a day—one teaspoonful and sufficient warm water to fill the bath. 3/6 bottle.

Wawn’s Blood Purifier Tablets—For Pimples, Rash, Sores and all affections of the Blood. 4/6 a bottle.

Wawn’s Ringworm Paint—An undoubted remedy for Ringworm, either on human beings or cattle. 4/6 bottle.

Wawn’s Worm Powders—For the treatment of Worms in both children and adults. 2/6 box.

Wawn’s Antiseptic Soap. 1/6 cake.

Take advantage of the Value Payable Postage System, which means :—Send us your order—we send the goods—you pay the Postman, the Post Office Pays Us.

<s

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Wholly set up and Printed in Australia by

W. J. ANDERSON & CO..

18-ZO Albion Street,

SYDNEY. .*

V