Hfroice to /llbotbers.

ftcr\ I Oth Ccu^lfwld.

INTRODUCTORY.

The subject-matter of this booklet, “Advice to Mothers,” apart from the advertisements therein, has been adapted from leaflets distributed throughout the Infant Welfare Centres of Victoria, also from the booklet “ Feeding the Child for Health,” published by the Victorian Railways in collaboration with the Director of Infant Welfare, Public Health Department.

I he distribution of this subject-matter has been approved by the Director of Infant Welfare, Public Health Department, Melbourne.

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ers


-A.RE strongly urged to keep in touch with their Doctors or nearest Infant Welfare Centres in order to keep their babies well.

Information concerning Infant Welfare and Mothercraft may be obtained from the Public Health Department (Maternal and Infant Welfare Division), 295 Queen Street, Melbourne.

* * $

The Services of

Registered Infant Welfare Nurses

(registered general trained nurses holding also an Infant Welfare and Mothercraft Certificate), and of

Mothercraft Nurses

(previously untrained girls who have completed a twelve months’ course in mothercraft and are qualified to care for the normal baby in it’s home) may be obtained

for the home or for visiting cases through The Infant Welfare and Mothercraft Nurses’ Bureau, Public Health Department, 295 Queen Street, Melbourne.

Telephone Central 7053.

PROSPECTIVE MOTHERHOOD

MOTHERHOOD is natural, and should be normal. If the prospective mother follows the doctor’s advice and leads a healthy life, she has no reason to worry about'having a baby. The doctor should be consulted, as soon as there is reason to suspect pregnancy. This will enable the doctor to determine that everything is normal, or to treat and correct any abnormality.

A simple method of calculating the probable date of confinement is to take the date on which the last menstrual period began, add to this seven days, and count forward nine calendar months. This gives an approximate date within a week or so. The natural period of pregnancy is 280 days.

On the prospective mother’s health depends the health of the baby. To maintain good health she must pay special attention to the following:—

FRESH AIR.—The baby gets its supply of oxygen through the mother, therefore, it is specially important that she should spend as much time as possible out of doors. Crowded and badly ventilated places must be avoided. She should sleep either out of doors or in a room with windows open top and bottom.

EXERCISE.—Walking is best, whatever the weather, provided suitable clothing is worn.

REGULAR HOUSEWORK is good, but there should be no climbing of ladders or stretching up to high places. Violent exercise must be avoided. The doctor’s advice should be obtained about sport. Spring cleaning should be avoided in the last six weeks before the baby’s birth.

SPECIAL BENDING EXERCISES may be performed with the doctor’s permission. No exercise should be taken to the point of fatigue.

REST IS ESSENTIAL.—The prospective mother should lie down for half an hour or one hour during the day.

As pregnancy advances, she should rest with the feet up after each meal, after any exercise, and if at all fatigued.

SLEEP.—At least 8 hours every night is required. Sleeplessness may be overcome by fresh air, by having a warm bath at night, and by sipping slowly a glassful of warm milk and water last thing at night, by the avoidance of indigestible food, and by deep breathing after lying down in bed.

Your Children will receive special attention if you send them to

A. R. MULCHINOCK,

pharmaceutical Chemist,

210 MALVERN ROAD,    ’Phone U 1325

MALVERN.    After Hours-u 1818

All Requirements for Nursing Mothers and Babies.

EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCES of any kind should be avoided. Fits of temper, worry, and anxiety are all harmful. The family must realise its responsibility to the coming child, and protect the mother as much as possible.

THE DIET should be plain and nourishing, and taken at regular hours. It should include plenty of vegetables, especially greens, also fruits, and foods, such as eggs and butter and milk, unless specially ordered otherwise by the doctor. Indigestible foods, strong tea and alcohol must be avoided. Plenty of fluid is necessary,, especially water, 6 to 8 glasses daily. (See page 8).

CLOTHING should be attractive, light, warm, and comfortable, and should hang from the shoulders. Downward abdominal pressure is harmful, and is avoided by using no tight bands or badly fitting corsets, and by fastening corsets from the bottom upwards. Loose corsets with very few bones may be worn, as a support, if correctly applied. Special maternity corsets or abdominal binders may be obtained for wear during the latter months of pregnancy.

Tight bands or garters should be avoided, as they may cause varicose veins, or swelling of lower limbs. No tight clothing or brassiers should be worn on breasts. Special breast-binders may be used if breasts uncomfortable.

SHOES.—Strong, well-fitting, with as low heels as are comfortable; solid, military heel to support foot is best. High heels are dangerous, often causing backache or even falls. A change from very low or very high heels should be gradual, the aim being towards having all footwear (even slippers) with heels of uniform height.

BATHING.—The skin is one of the organs for removing poisons and waste-products from the body; therefore, it is most important that the skin-pores should be kept open by daily baths. Bathing also produces a tonic effect on the general system. If blueness or chill results, only warm water should be used. Hot baths should be avoided. No tub-bath should be taken after the seventh month without the, doctor’s consent, but a complete sponge or shower-bath should be taken daily. Bathing should be followed by a brisk rubbing down for tonic effect.

TEETH _ are more apt to decay during pregnancy, so must receive early attention, in order to avoid neuralgia and bad health in the later months. A doctor’s advice should be obtained about extractions.

URINE must be examined regularly once a month, and, later, once a fortnight, to determine the state of the kidneys. A specimen should be taken

’Phone X 4414


THOMPSON’S <5,

--—- 1    i -—-■"    —“A.

RitchbiU Dairy Pty. Ltd.

LYE BETH STREET, ORMOND.

Pure Milk delivered daily in Caulfield and surrounding districts. Specialists in Infants Milk, delivered in Bottles, Brine Cooled and Guaranteed Pure.

Once a Customer, Always.

4

to the doctor on the first visit. Frequency may indicate kidney trouble, or it may just be due to pressure on the bladder during later months of pregnancy, hence the need for examination! of urine to ascertain cause.

BREASTS.—No tight brassiers should be worn, as pressure causes depressed nipples. The breasts should be cleansed with warm water, olive oil and soap, and secretions moved with a soft tooth brush. The breasts should then be dried thoroughly; Support with a binder may relieve discomfort.

NIPPLES should be moved gently between finger and thumb to toughen them and prevent cracking. This will improve small and inverted nipples. Inverted nipples should be drawn out.

TROUBLES OF PREGNANCY.—

(1)    Constipation may be avoided by—

(a)    Regulation of habit. The bowel possesses the gift of rhythm,

and tries to empty itself shortly after each meal. This rhythm should be encouraged, and regular times established for evacuation. The morning action is the most important.

Nature’s promptings should not be neglected.

Posture.—The knees should be higher than the hips, with feet resting on footstool.

(b)    Sufficient Fluid.—Water is best, especially if taken just before

or between meals, 6 to 8 glasses daily.

(c)    Diet.—Should include green vegetables, salads, and fruit, especl-

ally, prunes and raw apples (1 to 3 apples daily); also unspoilt cereals, such as oatmeal and oatcake, ryebread, bran preparations. Constipation may be relieved by a laxative fruit mixture made as follows:—“Figs, prunes, dates and raisins, i lb. of each; li oz. of treacle, and 2 oz. of confect of Senna. Mix all together.    Dose.—One or two teaspoonsful daily as

required.”

Strong aperients should be avoided. Should these simple measures not be sufficient, doctor should be consulted.

(2)    Morning Sickness.—If persistent, a doctor should be consulted.

To relieve—

(a)    Constipation should be avoided.

(b)    A dry biscuit should be eaten before getting up in the

morning, followed in half-hour’s time by cup of tea. Getting up should be leisurely. ,

(c)    If nausea is present, a cup of water in which half a teaspoon

of bicarbonate of soda has been dissolved may be slowly sipped. A meal will probably be retained ten minutes after vomiting.

(d)    Sweetened lemon drinks taken early in the morning and late

in the afternoon may also be helpful.

(e)    Sucking barley sugar may relieve.

(8) Headaches.—A doctor must be consulted if headache severe or persistent. Relief may be aided by obtaining plenty of fresh air and sunshine, exercise in open air without fatigue, correct diet, also by avoidance of constipation or of any fatigue as caused by mental anxiety, worry or eye strain.

(4) Haemorrhoids.—A doctor should be consulted. Constipation should be avoided; the area kept thoroughly clean; hot packs applied may relieve pain.

(6) Varicose Veins.—A doctor should be consulted. The feet should be put up when resting. The feet and legs may be elevated on a board raised on the foot of the bed for a few minutes whenever possible during the day.

A doctor should be consulted at once if any of the following symptoms occur:—

(1)    Haemorrhage at any stage, especially after the seventh

month.

(2)    Cessation of movements after quickening.

(3)    Vaginal discharge.

(4)    Spots or flashes of light before the eyes.

(5)    Swelling of any kind—feet, hands, etc.

(6)    Persistent headache.

(7)    Abdominal pain.

(8)    Very small amount of urine being passed.

(9)    Fits—however mild.

“WHAT TO PREPARE FOR CONFINEMENT IN THE HOME.”

4 large sheets; 4 pillow cases; 2 old sheets, act as drawsheets and save laundry; 6 towels (bath); 4 nightgowns; warm dressing-jacket; slippers; 1 doz. yds. butter muslin; dressing gown; li yds. macintosh, at least 36in. wide; soap (superfatted); 2 lbs. cotton wool; 6d. boracic powder; safety pins; vaseline (white).

Old, clean, soft linen, boiled and dried in the sun, put away in pillow case and boiled again for one hour, and dried in the sun; if weather is bad bake in the oven.

Clean newspapers may be used instead of macintosh, several thicknesses sewn together. It is always necessary to have plenty of newspapers handy.

Cotton-wool, if placed in the oven for a few minutes, will go twice as far.

There should always be a tub or bath in which to wash the baby. It is not wise to use a basin, as it is too small.

AFTER BIRTH OF BABY.

Points to Note.—As soon as the mother is rested after the confinement, which is in about 4-8 hours, the baby should be put to the breast regularly during the day, and trained to do without night feeds, as both mother and baby need the rest.

IMPORTANT.—Castor oil should not be given to the baby in the earlynionthsunlesssqjecK^^

NURSERY MILK from TUBERCULIN-TESTED COWS, Obtainable Always from

......R. POLLOCK

Retail Dairyman

Cr. MALVERN ROAD & CRESWICK STREET, EAST MALVERN.

’Phone U 7787

DIET FOR MOTHERS & CHILDREN.

Correct dieting is essential to maintain the health of mothers and children.

The mother’s diet affects the developing infant, both in the ante-natal and nursing periods

To be correct and able to support human life at its best, a diet must contain sufficient of the following substances:—    _

Proteins for building muscle and the countless cells of which the body is made up. Protein is. found in milk, eggs, meat, fish, and in certain vegetables like beans and peas.

Fats, for maintaining warmth and supplying energy. Fats are supplied to the infant by the cream of either its mother’s milk or that present in cow’s milk. It is supplied to older children and adults by milk, cream, butter, bacon, dripping, and fish oils. Cod liver oil may be ordered in infancy or childhood, or even in adult life.

Carbohydrates, i.e., Sugars and Starches, for the same reasons as fats, to supply heat and energy. Mother’s, milk contains a large percentage of sugar. Cow’s! milk contains less, therefore all babies fed on cow’s milk must have added sugar. Carbohydrates are supplied to older children and adults in the form of starches, e.g., farinaceous foods, maizena, arrowroot, rice and sago. Carbohydrates are also supplied through bread, cereals, potatoes, and other vegetables, and fruits.

Mineral Matter, for building bone, teeth, blood, brain, tissues, etc., and stimulating bodily functions. It is furnished by milk, green vegetables, fruits, eggs, and meat.    .

Vitamins, sometimes called accessory food factors, are certain substances necessary to sustain life. They cannot be isolated, but a decrease or absence of their supply in the diet causes ill-health and lack of proper development or even death. There are various kinds, all with different uses, but the Vitamins A, B, C and D are the better known ones connected with growth and development.

Vitamin A. is found in fish oils (especially cod liver oil), egg yolk, butter, liver, kidney, heart, whole milk, cheese, green leafy vegetables, and to a less degree in animal fats.    _

Vitamin B. is found in any whole cereal grain, peas, beans, milk, cheese, liver, heart, brains, lean of meat, fish, yeast preparations, vegetables, nuts.

Vitamin C. occurs plentifully in all fresh green vegetables, in young raw swede turnips and carrots, in edible green leaves, cooked without soda, in sprouting grains and in fresh fruits.

S. R. TOOTH

“ KEER A ”

Dispensing Cpiemis_ and Druggist.

private hospital

Murrumbeena Road,

(MATERNITY)

Murrumbeena.

(Reg. R.V.T.N.A.)

Tel. UM 1530.

120 Murrumbeena Road,

Baby Health Foods and Feeding Requirements.

MURRUMBEENA.

Medicines Dispensed Immediately.

’Phone - - Oakleigh 1030


Vitamin D. occurs in milk, butter, egg-yolk and fish oils, especially cod liver oil, and is activated by sunlight.

Therefore, generally speakng, these vitamins are present in all natural fresh foodstuffs.

Deficiency diseases occur with their absence or reduction.

Absence or Reduction of Vitamins A. and D. may cause decreased growth, decayed teeth, and a lowered resistance against infection and occurrence of boils and sores.

Absence of Vitamin D. is one of the factors leading to rickets.

Absence or Shortage of Vitamin B. may cause decreased growth, digestive disturbances, skin troubles, decreased muscular and nerve development, and may lead to loss of nerve power, as in a condition known as Beri Beri.

Absence or Shortage of Vitamin C. may lead to decreased growth, poor health, palor, and to a condition known as Scurvy.

The baby obtains a plentiful supply of vitamins from the mother’s milk if her diet is correct, or from a cow’s milk mixture, if the cow has been properly fed, and if certain fish oils and vegetable or fruit juices, such as cod liver oil and orange juice, have been included in the mixture. The addition of such oils and juices is necessary to counteract the effect of heating the cow’s milk mixtures.

Water.—Sufficient water is essential, as a large part of our body cells is made up of water. It also aids in elimination of waste.

DIET OF EXPECTANT AND NURSING MOTHERS.

(1)    The expectant or nursing mother should plan her daily diet to contain some of the substances from each of the abovementioned different groups of Proteins, Carbohydrates, Fats, Salts and Vitamins. It is wise for red meat to be taken only once daily, or even to be omitted in the later months of pregnancy.

(2)    A sufficiency of fluids, especially of water (8 glasses daily) should be taken. Morning and afternoon tea, freshly made and not too strong, may be taken. Fizzy drinks and alcohol should be avoided.

(3)    The diet should also be planned to include foods of sufficient bulk, as these assist in regulating the bowel action.

(4)    The diet chosen should be plain, nourishing and suited to the mother’s digestion._ Twice cooked, highly seasoned dishes should be avoided. Over-eating should be avoided, no extra milk, etc., being taken between meals unless specially ordered.

(5)    The meal hours should be at regular intervals.

(6)    Meals should be varied from day to day.

Your patronage is respectfully solicited by


The Oakleigh

(Rid. GATES, Proprietor)

53 EUSTON ROAD, OAKLEIGH.

Purest Milk supplied daily in Oakleigh, Carnegie, Murrumbeena

and Caulfield.

Only Agent for Lady Talbot Infants’ Milk.

’Phone, UM 1425

Suggestions for Arrangement and Variation of Meals.

No. 1 Meal.

6 a.m.—Glass of water or cup of tea.

Breakfast.—Cereal or porridge, and milk; toasted bread, preferably whole meal, with butter or dripping, marmalade or jam; fish or brains, or egg and bacon. Tea, cocoa, coffee made with milk and water, or glass of milk. Fruit.

10 a-nn—Tumbler of water or barley water, or cup of tea.

No. 2 Meal.

Lunch (if midday dinner is preferred, use No. 3 Meal as sample, using No. 2 Meal for evening).—Lightly boiled egg, egg flip or omelet, macaroni cheese, or cauliflower cheese, cheese and salads, using lemon juice and oil instead of mayonnaise. Wholemeal bread, oat cake, or wholemeal biscuits, with butter, jam, or honey, etc. If not taking soup, tumbler of fresh milk, or malted milk, or cocoa or water. Fruit, stewed or fresh.

3.30 p.m.—Glass of water or afternoon tea.

No. 3 Meal.

Dinner.—Vegetable soup, with carrot, turnip, parsnip, using white stock, or tomato, celery or asparagus soup. Vegetables: Greens, e.g., Brussel’s sprouts, spinach, silver beet, cauliflower, pumpkin, tomato, potato (boiled or baked in skin). Sweets: Sago or rice custard, or apple cake;, souffle, steamed pudding with raisins, stewed prunes, or other fruit with custard or cream. Cheese and biscuits, Celery and lettuce. Fresh fruit. Water to drink.

BREAST FEEDING.

Breast feeding is the baby’s best protection against disease and death. Mother’s milk prevents certain diseases, and protects the baby from others.

The mother is the source of the baby’s food supply, therefore her good health is essential to the baby’s well being.

DIET (see, for fuller description, pages 8-9).—She should eat three good meals daily, plain, easily digested food at regular meal hours, taking plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables.

She should drink at least three pints of fluid daily, including water. Extra milk or cocoa is harmful if it upsets the digestion.

She should not eat pickles or rich or heavy foods.

Constipation should be carefully avoided. She should not depend on laxatives. Constipation can be prevented by cultivating a regular habit, eating freely of fruits, and vegetables, and drinking plenty of pure water —at least six glasses daily, and by extra exercise.

BATHING.—A daily bath should be taken, or a sponge bath.

For Your Baby’s Requirements—

PERRIN Ube Cbemist,

438 GLENHUNTLY ROAD, CAULFIELD

fNear Hawthorn Road)

PERRIN’S


OUGH

URE

URES

OSTS


1/6


Telephone, L 2300


30 Years' Dispensing Experience at Your Service.


SLEEP, REST, EXERCISE.—Every effort should be made to obtain sufficient rest. The mother should have at least 8 hours’ sleep. She should rest in the afternoon, if possible, for i to 1 hour. If quite impossible, she should at least put her feet up while nursing.

She should live and sleep with windows open, both top and bottom. She should go out every day in the sunshine. Outdoor exercise and pleasant recreation, without fatigue, are good for her and her baby. She should avoid overwork in the nursing period.

She should avoid undue excitement, worry and anxiety as much as possible.

THE NIPPLES should be washed and dried before and after each nursing.

TEETH.—Few people realise the effect bad teeth have on a good milk supply. All carious teeth should be treated.

Most mothers, with proper instructions as to the care of their own health and knowledge of the principles underlying the secretion of breast milk, can nurse their babies.

The Principles of Nursing.

1.    It is important for the mother to have the desire to nurse her baby,

and to have the belief that it is possible.

2.    There should be sufficient stimulation of the breasts.

3.    There should be complete emptying of at least one alternate breast

at each feeding.

4.    There should be regularity and punctuality in feeding. The baby

should be put to the breast 6 to 8 hours after birth.

For the first day the baby should only be allowed to remain at each breast for 2 or 3 minutes, as prolonged sucking tends to make the nipples sore.

Later, the time at the breast is gradually lengthened to 20 minutes, the feed being given at regular 3 or 4 hourly intervals during the day, with an eight-hourly interval at night. Both mother and baby need this rest. If baby is having drinks at three-hourly intervals, alternate breasts are given at each nursing, the breast being completely emptied. If these intervals are four-hourly, the baby is given both breasts for 10 minutes at each, and both should be emptied, or to ensure complete emptying of at least one breast the infant may be given the first breast for 15 minutes and the second for 5 minutes. If the breast supply is plentiful, feeding at the second may be limited or omitted, but .the first breast must be completely emptied.

The flow of breast-milk is not properly established until after the third week, or sometimes longer, so the mother must persevere until the flow is thoroughly established.

’Phone, U 8111

IDEAL

Largest Retailers of Milk in the State from Tuberculin-Tested Cows.

Delivery in all Adjacent Suburbs.

She should not resort to artificial or partly artificial feeding without obtaining expert advice from a Doctor or an Infant Welfare Nurse.

The baby should not be fed every time he cries; he should be fed by the clock, even if he has to be wakened. The following is a suggested time table, but to suit the convenience of the household, any other time table may be followed, as long as the intervals between feedings are the same as shown below:—

Time Table, Showing Hours for Feeding.

For Babies of Average Weight.

*First Four Weeks. 6 a.m.

9 a.m.

12 noon 3 p.m.

6 p.m.

9-10 p.m.


Four Weeks to Six Months. 6 a.m.

10 a.m.

2 p.m.

6 p.m.

10 p.m.

*The feeding interval chosen depends on the individual case, the three-hourly interval during the day being frequently chosen for infants of average weight, but some babies do well on a four-hourly interval from birth, especially if 8 lbs. weight or over.

In exceptional cases, with very young infants, the night interval may be slightly shortened by moving the last night feeding forward and the morning feeding backward if the infant is very hungry. This practice should only be continued for a short period, however, because the long night interval means long sleep for the mother, which improves her health and her milk supply, and a long rest for the baby, which helps his digestion.

After baby has finished his drink he should be put upright against mother’s shoulder to get rid of “wind” before being put down to sleep on right side.

He should not be shaken about or rocked after a meal.

Baby should not be fed in a room with other people working and talking,, as he is easily distracted.

For an Underfed Baby.—If under-feeding is occurring, this is suggested by fretfulness, the baby sleeping badly, cold extremities, loss of weight or "stationary weight, or failure to gain a reasonable amount of weight each week; also lay constipated, or small loose motions.

The breast milk may be increased by stimulating the breasts in the following manner:—

1.    Vigorous sucking on the part of the infant at regular intervals.

2.    Bathing breasts with hot and cold water alternately, especially

before the baby begins to feed, at least twice daily.

Illustrated Pamphlet sent with pleasure


D A i Y

(James D- Johnston, Managing Director).

368 HIGH STREET,

(Corner Tooronga Road)

E. MALVERN, S.E. 6.

3.    Massaging breasts (this must not be done except by a skilled

person). Special massage for this purpose will be shown on application to the Sister in Charge of any Infant Welfare Centre or Bush Nursing Centre.    _

4.    By completely emptying the breast at each and every nursing, baby

being allowed to suck for 20 minutes at a feeding (10 minutes at each breast).

If insufficient milk is obtained after using both breasts, feeding must be complemented—i.e., completed with artificial food, as advised by own doctor.    .

Every effort should be made to obtain sufficient breast milk beforeresorting to artificial milk.

If baby is not sucking well, it may be necessary at the end of 20 minutes to express the milk, and give it with a spoon or pipette.

The baby should not be allowed to go on sucking indefinitely in the hope of obtaining some more food.

For an Overfed Baby.

A baby may lose weight from overfeeding, as well as from underfeeding, because he cannot digest all he takes. He should normally gain from 6 to 8 ozs. per week in first 6 months, and from 4 to 6 ozs. weekly during second 6 months.

If he is not gaining, a succession of test feedings (i.e., weighing him before and after his drinks on accurate scales) should be given to determine amount of breast milk and rate at which he is getting it.

If overfeeding is occurring, as is suggested by too rapid gain, vomiting, colicky pain causing crying, large, firm stools, often containing curds„ the amount of breast milk may be regulated by attending to—

The Mother—

Regulation of her diet. No other than three meals daily, and increased exercise.

The Baby—

(1)    Lengthening the intervals between feedings—e.g., from 3 hourly to 4 hourly.

(2)    Shortening duration of feeding.

(3)    Expressing a little milk before baby begins to suck—but breast must always be emptied. When this is being done, it must be constantly weighed and test fed as the amount of breast milk secreted may be diminishing too much without recognition of the fact.

(4)    Posture. By raising baby’s head above the level of the nipple. This is done by placing a pillow on the mother’s knees for the baby to lie on, and by the mother resting her arm supporting baby’s head on a table or on a box.

'Phone UM 1166

W. J. TREVETHAN

_DAIRYMAN.

Corner Neerim and Poath Roads,

HUGHESDALE.

Pure Guaranteed Milk from Specially Selected Herds delivered throughout the districts.

Your Fatronage Solicited.

Mother’s breast should always be protected from direct draught by light covering while nursing baby.

If mother has a cold, she should wear a handkerchief loosely tied round her mouth to prevent infection to baby.

ARTIFICIAL FEEDING.

Artificial feeding is resorted to either in the normal course of events between 9 and 12 months of age or before that period when there is insufficient or no breast milk present.

Fresh clean cow’s milk is usually chosen as being the best artificial food. If possible, the milk should be drawn from cows tested with tuberculin and proved free from tuberculosis.

The chief danger of cow’s milk is the germs it contains. Mother’s milk is free from germs. Cow’s milk, especially in the cities, is often stale and full of germs. This is the chief cause of Diarrhoea, which kills so many babies in Australia, during the summer. It is better to give mixed cows’ milk from a healthy herd than milk from one cow.

If the mother is unable to obtain bottled milk, an unchipped enamel billy, or a wide-mouthed jug with a smooth inside surface and a rounded bottom without corners, should be used to receive the milk. The billy or jug should be boiled for 10 minutes. It should not be dried, but turned upside down and let drain before it is covered over ready to receive the milk.

Germs grow more quickly in warm milk than in cold milk, so the milk should be cooled down directly it is taken from the cow, and it should be kept cold. Ice should be used if it is possible to procure it, but if not, the jug containing the milk should stand in a shallow dish of cold water, the jug being covered with a piece of boiled damp butter cloth, and the ends of the butter cloth hanging down into the water, or it may be placed in a Coolgardie safe or other cooler used for milk only. Milk should be kept clean, cool, and covered from flies and dust

Food, food containers, and cooking and eating utensils, etc., should always be protected from flies and dust. Flies infect food with germs; they are filthy creatures, that breed in filth, live largely on filth, and take filth and disease germs wherever they go. For the baby’s protection, they should be shut out or destroyed.

Dust may be harmful; many diseases are carried by dust.

Milk should be kept in the coolest place in the house, where air is moving freely.

Milk should not be kept warm for baby for the feedings at night or when travelling.

Germs double in number every 20 minutes in warm milk, but do not multiply at ice chest temperature, i.e., at 45 deg. Fahr.

’Phone UM 2306.


The Glen

~~ §8?

W. & J. THOMPSON

Retail Dairymen and Farmers.

26 BOX HILL ROAD - - OAKLEIGH.

Brine Cooled Milk delivered daily.

The Best is Always Obtainable from Our Own Choice Herds.

Methods of Keeping Milk Cool,

1.    Talbot ice chest. For baby’s use only.

2.    Willsmere Cooler. For baby’s use only.

3.    Health Centre’s cooler. For baby’s use only.

4.    Improvised cooler. For baby’s use only.

Description of No. 3.—Cut the four side^ out of a kerosene tin. Run a draw string through the long edge of a piece of towelling 11 yards long and 8 inches deep and hang it from the top of the tin. Put a basin full of water on the top of the tin. Take some strips of washed flannel or towelling, about 2 inches wide, and put one end of each strip in the basin so that the water may run down from the basin on to the towelling round the tin, and keep it wet. Cover jug of, milk with two thicknesses of butter muslin and stand it in the tin. Hang or stand the tin outside in draughty, shady place.

Description of No. 4.—Stand the jug of milk in a shallow pan (tin meat dish) full of cold water. Cover the jug with several thicknesses of butter muslin or piece of towelling    large enough for the    edges to    touch

the water in the pan all round and    stand outside in a shady place.

Artificial Feeding may be given as—

(1)    Substitutional Feeding, e.g., Weaning.

(2)    Complementary Feeding.

(3)    Total Artificial Feeding.

1. Substitutional Feeding or Weaning.—'Weaning is the substitution of complete artificial feedings for complete natural feedings. The change should not be made in less than fourteen days except for urgent reasons; three to four' weeks is the most suitable period for both mother and baby.

The best age for weaning normal babies is between the 9th and 12th month. The younger the baby, the    more risks attend the    process.

It is not advisable during hot    weather to commence    weaning,    or    to

complete the process if already commenced, providing there is still breast milk present; a doctor’s advice should always be obtained before commencing to wean the baby during the hot weather or before the baby is 9 months of age.

If weaning is commenced before 9 months, bottle feeding is used, but after this age some spoon and cup feeding should be given as well, and the bottle feeding gradually discontinued.

1st Week.—6 a.m. breast feeding; 10 a.m., cereal jelly given with spoon, 1 tablespoonful and 2-3 teaspoonsful of cow’s milk, followed by

Corner KANGAROO ROAD & HOWE STREET, MURRUMBEENA.

IB« L» COR. AM - - Proprietor.

Pure Milk Delivered Daily throughout the District.

the usual breast feeding. After a few days cereal jelly is followed with cow’s milk mixture or with cow’s milk mixture thickened with a starchy preparation, instead of breast milk. 8 ounces of the mixture are given, containing:—Boiled cow’s milk, 3 ounces; boiled water, 5 ounces; and cane sugar, 3 level standard teaspoonsful. 2 p.m., breast feeding; 6' p.m., breast feeding; 10 p.m., breast feeding.

2nd Week.—6 a.m., breast feeding; 10 a.m., cereal jelly or thickened feeding, and milk mixture as in 1st week; 2 p.m., breast feeding; 6 p.m., cereal jelly or thickened feeding, and milk mixture as at 10 a.m.; 10 p.m., breast feeding.

3rd Week.—6 a.m., breast feeding; 10 a.m., cereal jelly is increased to 2 tablespoonsful, and is followed by milk mixture as previously, or thickened feeding is given; 2 p.m., 1 tablespoonful of mutton broth and bread crumbs before 2 p.m. breast feeding. Later in the week, if stools not relaxed, the broth    is increased    to 2 tablespoonsful and    the breast milk in    this

feeding is    replaced by    6-8 oz. of milk mixture;    6 p.m.,    cereal jelly    and

milk mixture or thickened feeding is given as at 10 a.m.; 10 p.m., breast feeding.

4th Week.—6 a.m., breast feeding; 10 a.m., cereal jelly, 2 tablespoons and milk,    1 tablespoon,    or thickened feeding. The milk    is gradually increased in    the mixture and the sugar decreased,    giving 8    oz. mixture    con

taining:—Boiled milk, 4 oz.; boiled water, 4oz.; cane sugar, 2-2i level teaspoonful; 2 p.m., mutton broth; 1-2 oz. of bread crumbs, followed by 6-8oz. of milk mixture; 6 p.m., same as 10 a.m.; 10 p.m,, milk mixture, 8 oz.

5th Week.—No breast feedings; 6 a.m., milk mixture, 8 oz. Other feedings as in 4th week. Towards end of week if baby progressing well, milk is increased in mixture, and sugar decreased so that after weaning is completed, the mixture gradually changes to milk, 2 parts; water, 1 part; and then to milk, 3 parts; water, 1 part, as follows:—

(1)    8 oz. contains milk, 5 oz.; water, 3 oz.; cane sugar, 2 level tea-spoonsful.

(2)    8 oz. contains milk, 6 oz.; water, 2 oz.; cane sugar, 1 level teaspoonful.

N.B.—If during weaning the baby is still hungry after feedings, larger drinks of the same strength mixture may be offered; or if there is no indigestion, the strength of the milk mixture may be increased at each change over the quantity mentioned above, by adding more milk and slightly less sugar.

Care of Mother.—If during the last weeks of weaning the mother suffers any discomfort from over-full breasts, she should take a “dry”

’Phone UY 5581

Glep Iris

K T. KYLE & SON

435 Lower Malvern Rd., EAST MALVERN.

65 TOORAK ROAD, SOUTH CAMBERWELL.

SHF Agent for Lady Talbot Infants’ Milk.

Highest Quality MILK in BOTTLES for Children and Invalids.

15

diet, avoiding soups, stews, milk puddings, etc., and drinking as little as possible for a few days; a little black coffee may be taken to quench the thirst.

If this is not sufficiently effective, the mother may take a dose of strong aperient such as Epsom Salts each morning for two or three mornings, still continuing the “dry” diet.

Further treatment may be necessary, and should be carried out under trained supervision.

2.    Complementary Feeding.—When the breast milk is insufficient in cases where the baby is under 9 months of age, it is better to give what breast milk is present and to “complete” the feeding with artificial food, but not to “substitute” as in the case of weaning.

The baby should not be weaned if the breast-milk is only insufficient. What breast-milk there is, no matter how little, should be given first, and the deficiency made up with diluted cow’s milk, under direction of a Doctor or Infant Welfare Nurse.

To give what breast-milk is present, the baby should be allowed to suck at both, breasts for ten fninutes emptying them as much as possible. Any remaining breast-milk should be manually expressed and given with the artificial feeding, which is called a “complementary” feeding.

An artificial feeding should not be substituted for a breast-drink, but should follow on, otherwise the breast-milk will diminish instead of increase, owing to the lessened stimulation of the breast.

Sucking encourages more milk to come, so the baby should continue to stimulate the breasts by sucking at frequent and regular intervals.

When a complementary feeding is necessary, every attempt should be made to restore the full quantity of breast-milk by care of the mother’s health,(See Diet for Expectant and Nursing Mothers, page 8), by regular stimulation of breasts with suction by baby, by complete emptying of breasts both by baby and manually, and by local stimulation of breasts with hot and cold water and with manipulation as advised by a Doctor or Infant Welfare Nurse.

It is sometimes possible to obtain a return of breast-milk by these methods even when the milk has been entirely lost.

3.    Total Artificial Feeding.—This is resorted to when for some reason no breast-milk is available.

Tables I and II. should be consulted for guidance in this matter. (See below.)

MOTHERS!

Milk from Tuberculin Tested Cows

as recommended by the Medical Profession for Infants can be obtained from

Norfolk Dairy,

48 PARK ROAD - - SOUTH CAMBERWELL.

’Phone, W 1894 lo-day.

Tables for Guidance in Strength and Quantity of Milk Mixtures

TABLE I. To be varied, if necessary, for individual babies (as directed by your Doctor or Infant Welfare Nurse)

Amounts in total quantity of mixlme for 24 hours

Total Quantity of

Quantity of Mix-

Interval

Number of

Age

Mixture for

at each

between

feedings in

Cow’s Milk

Boiled Water

Sugar of Milk

If no Milk Sugar use Cane S' gar

24 hours

Feeding

Feedings

24 hours

Ounces

Ounces

Standard L»vel Teaspoonful

Standard Level Tea=poonful

Ounces

Ounces

Hours

-

3 Days . . . .

2

4

84

2

6

1

3

6

7 Days . . . .

5

10

8

6

15 (—2 Pt.)

24

3

6

14 Days . . . .

71

102

9

7

18

3

3

6

21 Days . . . . At beginning of

93

111

10

8

21

34

3

6

2nd Month. . .

12 J

124

114

9

25 (=14 pt.)

5

4

5

3rd Month. . .

132

131

124

10

274

54

4

5

4th Month. . .

15

15

134

11

30 (=14 Pt.)

6

4

5

5th Month. . .

16J

16|

144

12

32|

64

4

5

6th Month. . .

17J -

174

154

13

35 (=12 pt.)

7

4

5

TABLE II.

1

At beginning of 4th Month.. . .

20

10

10

8

30

6

4

5

5th Month. . .

214

11

11

9

324

64

4

5

6th Month. . .

23

12

12

10

35

7

4

5

N.B,—Standard measures must be used.

Quantity of Mixture.—At the beginning of the second month, it is usual to change the intervals of feeding from three to four hours, thus giving five feedings, each of 5 ozs. (i.e., 10 tablespoonsful) in 24 hours. Each feeding should be increased by i oz. (i.e., 1 tablespoonful) at end of each month.

This table is for average sized babies, but some babies may need an increase of 2 or 3 tablespoonsful or even more at each feeding, and smaller babies may take less.

Strength of Mixture.—If the baby is found by weekly weighing not to be gaining weight satisfactorily when taking mixture given in Table I., which Table contains quantities for a baby of average size, the amount of the mixture may be increased, but if baby is still not gaining weight, then the strength of the mixture may be increased and giveri in the proportions shown in Table II. In the stronger mixture where milk is very rich, e.g., in country districts, some of the cream may need to be skimmed off before the milk is used for baby’s food. Should there be scalding of the buttocks of the baby, and some frequency in passing the stools, the amount of sugar as well as the amount of cream in the mixture should be lessened. The stronger mixture should be given under direction of Doctor or Infant Welfare Nurse.

When giving milk mixture as in Table I., Cod Liver Oil Emulsion (50 per cent.) should be given at the beginning of the second month of age, commencing with a quarter of a standard teaspoonful once daily, working up to five times daily. It should be given with or before the feedings, and the amount should be gradually increased, if the baby is tolerating it, to half a teaspoonful with or before each feeding, and then to three-quarters of a teaspoonful with or before each feeding. Emulsion should always be given cautiously, and should be omitted in the warm weather, also if cow’s milk, rich in fat, is being used. It should be decreased in amount or omitted should the baby show signs of intolerance, e.g*, vomiting, failure to gain weight, constipation with firm soapy stools, or constipation alternating with diarrhoea.

Strained and Diluted Fruit or Vegetable Juices, should be given daily. Juices used may be orange, lemon, swede, carrot, cabbage, and tomato. Orange juice is the most satisfactory. If unobtainable, then swede, carrot, or tomato are preferable.

Amounts of Juices to be Used.—To begin with, one-half teaspoon of pure juice diluted with one ounce of boiled water should be given, and the juice should be increased gradually up to six to eight teaspoonsful in equal parts of boiled water.

Mothers

IT IS IMPORTANT TOO that BABY should THOUSANDS OF BABIES are fed daily on OUR MILK

LARCHER’S • ■

We invite you to inspect our Premises and Equipment.

ST Agents For

All measures used must be standard size, and should foe obtained from your Chemist. If not obtainable, ask your Chemist or Infant Welfare Nurse to test one of your table and teaspoons for measuring’ baby’s food and to tell you the number of spoonsful you should use with such spoons. Household spoons are usually very much larger than the standard spoons and should be used with caution. If forced to use untested spoons give half the quantity of sugar specified in Tables for safety until standard measures are procured. Standard ounce or pint measures should be used for liquids, and standard teaspoons and tablespoons for the sugar, a standard teaspoon being one-eighth of one fluid ounce, and a standard tablespoon being one-half of one fluid ounce.

4 teaspoonsful = 1 tablespoonful.

2 tablespoonsful = 1 ounce.

20 ounces = 1 pint.

When measuring sugar, pack it tightly in spoon and level off with a knife.

FEEDING BOTTLES.

Only easily cleaned bottles and large rubber teats should be used. No tube should ever be used with the bottle. Two bottles and two rubber teats, at least, are necessary. The bottles and teats must be clean. dirty bottle will spoil the milk. The bottle should be put in cold water directly baby has finished, and left in water until there is time to thoroughly wash and boil it. To clean the bottle, it should be rinsed thoroughly in cold water directly it has been taken from baby; then washed and wrapped in a clean piece of gauze (to keep it from cracking), and covered with cold water in a clean saucepan; the water is brought to the boil and kept boiling for five minutes. The bottle is left in this water until the next feeding. A saucepan should be kept specially for the bottles.

The mouthpiece should be turned inside out, rubbed all over with salt, rinsed in cold water, tied in gauze, dropped in boiling water for one minute, then placed in sterile jar until required for use.

’PHONE U 3211

have PURE CLEAN MILK from a reputable Dairy, selected from COWS CERTIFIED TUBERCLE - FREE.

- - Malvern.

You will be delighted with its Spotless Cleanliness. LADY TALBOT

Milk.—Unless the Doctor orders unboiled milk, it should always be boiled as follows:—

The jug containing the milk should be placed in a saucepan of cold water, the water being as high in the saucepan as the milk in the jug.

The water should be brought to the boil and kept boiling for 10 minutes, then the milk should be rapidly cooled down by standing the jug in running cold water, and it should then be kept as cold as possible in the manner above described.

Another method is to measure out the required amount of milk in standard measure vessel, to place it in a saucepan and bring to boil, then to re-measure and make up with boiling water any deficiency caused by boiling.

Sugar.—The sugar is measured carefully in standard tablespoons and teaspoons, packing tightly and levelling off with a knife. The required quantity of boiling water is poured on to sugar to dissolve it, then these are added to the boiled milk and all are cooled as rapidly as possible and poured into feeding bottles, which are then kept cool and covered ready for use.

Method of Preparation of Juices.

Fruit Juices.—These are squeezed, and strained, and diluted with warm boiled water.

Vegetable Juices.—Vegetables should be washed thoroughly, and dipped in boiling water for one-half minute, then put through mincer or grated, then strained, and diluted with boiled water.

ADMINISTRATION OF MIXTURE.

Just before feeding, the bottle of feeding mixture should be placed in a vessel of hot water until warm enough to give to baby. The heat of the milk mixture may be tested by pouring a small quantity into a teaspoon and tasting it, or by placing drop on anterior surface of arm of person giving mixture. The mouthpiece must not be sucked except by the baby.

Babies get thirsty in hot weather. Cool boiled water should be given in Summer between the feedings, especially if the baby cries.

Tel. WY 6639

Glenh un tly Dairy


QUEEN’S AVENUE,

CARNEGIE, S.E.9

(Near Neerlm Road).

R. GREEN -    - Proprietor.

Special Bottled Milk for Infants and Invalids.

Your Valued Patronage and Recommendation Solicited.

20

DIET IN TOTALLY ARTIFICIALLY FED BABY FROM 6 TO 9

MONTHS OF AGE.

After six months of age the amount of mixture prepared is about 8 ounces a feeding (or more with larger children). The strength is gradually increased from milk and water equal parts to milk, 2 parts, water, 1 part (if this has not been already done) so that 40 ounces = total mixture for the day, in which is present 26 ounces of boiled milk,. 14 ounces of boiled water and 13 level standard teaspoonsful of cane sugar.

Cereal jellies may be added when baby is between 7 and 9 months of age, when it may be necessary at this time to remove 1 teaspoonful of cane sugar or more from the mixture, if the bowels are relaxed.

With these artificially fed children, broth may be introduced gradually as in the case of weaning, but at an early age, e.g., 7-8 months. A crust and butter is also given at this age, the baby being watched while eating it.

Thus with growth, in addition to milk, the baby must have other foods added to the diet. This must be done gradually, as the digestive organs are very delicate, and must learn to take new foods by degrees.

DIET FROM 10 TO 12 MONTHS AFTER WEANING IS COMPLETED.

6 a.m.—Fresh cow’s milk and water—equal parts, gradually increasing strength up to 6 ounces milk and 2 ounces water; cane sugar, 1 teaspoonful. Total mixture, 8 ounces

This should be discontinued when possible, and replaced with a little fruit juice or drink of water.

C «!&• a.m.—Any of the following:—Well strained groats, oat jelly, and 4 ounces of milk, followed by stale brown or white bread, rusks or crisp toast and butter. Milk mixture to drink, 4 ounces.

Granose biscuits, post toasties or crispies may be given very gradually.

2 pan.—Vegetable broth or cream soup, or red gravy with a few breadcrumbs. Total, 2 tablespoonsful; or 1 or 2 tablespoonsful of vegetable puree. Piece of bread dried in oven. Milk mixture to drink, 4 to 8 ounces.

After ten months, milk puddings, custard or junket, baked or stewed apple, or juice from other cooked fruit after the broth. Water, instead of milk, to drink.

Ring w 8526.    The Perfect Clean Dairy..

Clovelly Dairy

148 WATTLETREE ROAD, MALVERN.

Guaranteed Pure Jersey Milk from Tuberculin Tested Cows delivered anywhere twice daily.

All Milk delivered to your door within a few hours of milking. Our Dairy is always open for your inspection.

Ring us to-day and take advantage of our reliable up-to-date service.

21

6 p.m.—Crisp toast—stale brown or white bread or rusk—butter or, occasionally, dripping; jam, without seeds or skins—jelly, honey, treacle or marmite. Milk or cocoa to drink, 8 ounces.

10 p.m.—Drink of milk mixture. This is discontinued when possible.

Oatmeal m any form is relaxing, and should be given cautiously in hot weather, when fats also should be reduced, and plenty of water given to drink.

Egg is a most valuable addition to baby’s dietary, and may be ordered at any age for some special reason.

It should always be given in very small quantities at first and gradually worked up to the full amount, starting with i teaspoon of the yolk (raw or lightly cooked, as ordered) two or three times a week. After 10 months this may be increased by 1 teaspoon every fourth day (given with the food or on a crust).

At about 12 months a little of the cooked white may be given as well, increasing the amount each time till baby is able to digest a whole lightly-boiled egg.

If these directions are followed, baby is not likely to be upset when given eggs.

DIET DURING SECOND YEAR.

During the second year, milk should continue to be the corner-stone of the diet, which should contain at least 1 pint of milk a day. Other foods that may be given gradually are—thin gruels and cereal jellies, vegetable soup, as mentioned above, and mashed green vegetables, minced meat, soft-boiled or coddled eggs,* stewed or baked fruits and fruit juices may be added.

*Eggs that are allowed to remain for five minutes in water which has reached the boiling-point and been removed from the stove before the eggs are placed in it.

Too much soft food should not be given.

A child should be taught to chew; chewing helps his digestion and preserves his teeth. Crusts, toast, rusks and meat bones should be given.

Still later, the child may eat meat in moderate quantities, potatoes boiled in their skins, raw apple and other foods. Foods which compel .chewing are always desirable.    _

’Phone U 1284.    “By Quality I Succeed.”

Gladys Park Dairy & Ice Works

Farm : Yannathan, South Gippsland.

C. COUGHLIN - - Dairyman

Barkly Avenue, MALVERN.

One Cow’s Milk for Invalids and Infants a Specialty, supplied in Sterilized Bottles.

Orders by post or otherwise promptly attended to.

ICE—A Supply of Pure Crystal Ice always on hand.

Milk supplied from our own Stud Herd at Yannathan. Tuberculin-Tested Milk for Infants our Specialty.

The Favor of Your Recommendation Respectfully Solicited.

22

The child should be worked on to three meals daily as soon as possible, and hours arranged accordingly.

Meals should be varied as much as possible, one item being chosen from the suggested menu below for each course of the meal.

Fried or twice-cooked meats should not be given.

Plenty of cool, boiled water between meals.

All vegetables should be boiled thoroughly. Green vegetables, boiled or steamed, with very little water.

Potatoes should be baked or boiled with the skins on and peeled afterwards.

7    a.m.—Glass of water.

8    a.m.—Breakfast—Cereal course: Porridge, rusks, eat jelly or groats, with milk and sugar or treacle. Solid course: Rusks, crisp toast, stale white, brown or wholemeal bread or granose biscuit with butter, dripping or honey. To Drink: Milk or weak cocoa, 6 to 8 ounces.

10.30 a.m.—Glass of water may be given.

12 to 2 p.m.—Dinner—First course: One of the following—Red meat,, gravy, mutton, rabbit or chicken broth made with vegetables, well cooked —or any white soup—with stale breadcrumbs. Egg, lightly boiled or poached. Steamed brains, fish or rabbit. Vegetables—Potatoes, marrow, pumpkin, cauliflower, tomato, sieved carrot or parsnip. Asparagus, young cabbage or Brussels sprouts or boiled lettuce. Second course: Milk puddings, steamed custard or baked puddings without currants, baked apples, stewed fruits (without skins), prune jelly.

After Eighteen Months.—Underdone steak, beef, grilled chop, or tender mutton—about 1 teaspoonful to begin with, educating up to 1 tablespoonful or more.

5-5.30 p.m.—Broth (if not had a previous meal), tomato pulp with a little bacon fat. Stale white, brown or wholemeal bread. Oatcake or granose biscuits or rusks with butter, dripping, honey, treacle, marmite, or jam (without seeds or skins), prune jelly.

Plain Madeira cake or sponge cakes.

A little fruit juice or slice of apple may finish the meal.

We Give Service.

RING U 8584.


By Quality I Succeed.



W. M. ROSE,


Proprietor.


18 Craigmore Street,. DARLING, S.E.5.


Oniy Milk of Highest Quality Sold.

Milk from Tuberculin Tested Cows for Babies and Invalids. All Bottles Sterilized, Machine Filled and Capped at Dairy.

Favor of Your Recommendation Respectfully Solicited.

23


RECIPES.

BABY’S FIRST SOUP.

One chop, with fat removed. Cover with water, about i-pint; add 1 teaspoon barley or rice, 1 teaspoon of carrot or parsnip, pinch of salt. .Simmer for 2i hours. Strain. Remove fat when cold.

MUTTON BROTH.

Remove surplus fat from shank. Cover with cold water, about 2 pints. Bring to boil, and let simmer for 3 hours. Cool, and remove fat.

VEGETABLE BROTH.

Vegetable broth may be made as above by adding one tablespoon each of carrot, turnip, celery, spinach, potato, etc.

QUICK SOUP.

1 cup of water, in which vegetables have been boiled. 1 cup of milk. Place in pan on fire. Mix, 1 dessertspoonful of flour with a little cold water; add to the liquid, gradually stirring. Simmer gently for 10 minutes. Salt to taste. Just before serving, add 1 teaspoon of butter.

VEGETABLE PUREES.

Cook vegetables thoroughly till quite soft. Strain and press through fine, clean sieve. Any of the following vegetables may be used: Potatoes, spinach, turnips, cauliflower, cabbage, carrots, parsnips, asparagus, lettuce, celery, tomatoes.    .

BONE MARROW.

Beef shank bone. Seal both ends with flour. Bring to boil and cook 21 hours. Remove marrow and serve with steamed vegetable marrow or other vegetable puree.

Telephone U 326!    INSPECTION INVITED

J. KILPATRICK

...    Dairy

The Favor of your Patronage and Recommendation Respectfully Solicited.

Special Cows Kept for Invalids and Children. WAVERLEY ROAD - - - MALVERN EAST.

SPINACH WATER.

To h lb. of cleaned spinach add 1 qt. of water and bring to boil and keep boiling over a medium flame 20 to 30 minutes or until the spinach is soft. Press the spinach through a fine, clean sieve, and mix well with the spinach water so that the water becomes decidedly green. Again pour through a fine sieve or clean cloth, and add enough boiled water to make 1 pint of green spinach water. This contains valuable food materials. If no spinach is at hand, beet leaves, lettuce or cabbage may be used instead.

To Use the Spinach Mush.—If too watery, evaporate more water by carefully heating the mush. If ordered, a little butter and salt may be added.

BEEF JUICE.

Quarter-pound of top side steak.* Warm very slightly both sides. Slash well with knife, squeeze and strain.

DILUTED BEEF JUICE.

Two ounces top side steak. One tablespoon cold boiled water. Pinch of salt. Let it stand one hour and strain.

SCRAPED BEEF.

Quarter lb. of raw steak. Scrape with a spoon against the grain. Used for sandwiches or as ordered.

ALBUMEN WATER.

One white of egg. Six ounces or 24 dessertspoons cold boiled water. Cut white of egg between two knives on a plate for 5 minutes till quite thin; add water. Pour gently from one jug to another for a few minutes^

OATMEAL JELLY.

_ One tablespoon rough oatmeal. One pint water. Soak overnight, then boil 20 minutes, and strain. Salt to taste. Sweeten with a little sugar.

GROATS.

Put half-tablespoon groats into a basin; mix smoothly with one tablespoon water. Pour over this i-pint of boiling milk, stirring mixture well. Pour into saucepan, and cook for 10 minutes. Sweeten with sugar.

MILK FROM TUBERCULIN-TESTED COWS Obtainable from

The Murrumbeena Dairy

74 MOONGA ROAD    ’PHONE UM 1929.

Your Recommendation Respectfully Solicited.

25

BARLEY JELLY.

3 level measure tablespoons of Patent Barley1 to 8 oz. of water; 1 pinch salt. Mix the barley and salt to a smooth paste with a little of the cold water; stir into the remainder, and bring to the boil, stirring well until barley thickens. Steam for 1 hour, in a screw-top jar placed in a saucepan of boiling water covered over. Strain through wire sieve.

BARLEY (OR RICE) WATER.

One dessertspoon pearl barley. Wash barley (or rice), and boil in one pint of water for 20 minutes. Strain, and make up to one pint with more boiled water. This ferments very quickly, so must be made twice daily and kept in cooler or ice chest.

WHEY.

Put one pint of milk in a jug. Bring milk to blood heat by standing jug containing milk in a saucepan of boiling water for a few minutes. Dissolve 2 tablets of Rennet in a dessertspoon of cold boiled water; add to milk. Leave standing for 3 minutes. Break up curd with a clean fork. Replace jug in saucepan till whey reaches scalding point (not boiling). Put pan to side of fire, and let it stand for 10 minutes. Strain through piece of boiled butter muslin.

CODDLED EGG.

Place an egg in its shell in a pan of boiling water, cover closely and remove from fire. Allow to stand from 7 to 10 minutes till white is set, but not hard, and the yolk soft.

SCRAMBLED EGG.

1 egg, half a cup of milk, 1 teaspoon of butter, pinch of salt. Beat the egg till light, pour in other ingredients, cook in double saucepan, stirring mixture till it thickens. Do not allow mixture to boil.

STEAMED FISH.

Quarter pound fillet of fish, a little salt, a small piece of butter. Sprinkle fish with salt. Have ready a saucepan of boiling water; place over saucepan a slightly buttered plate. Place fish on this, and cover closely with saucepan lid or second plate, and steam for 15 or 20 minutes (turning

ASK THE MOTHERS! THEY KNOW!!

The Somerset

Choice Milk from a Tuberculin-Tested Herd at Cranbourne has been the main source of our supply of Infants’ Milk for many years. Milked under the strict supervision of the Agricultural Department and Delivered by fast delivery vans to our Dairy li hours after milking. Brine cooled, and placed in bottles thoroughly cleansed and sterilized by the latest modern machines, mechanically measured and delivered to you icy cold and guaranteed pure.

26

at half time) till fish is quite white and will separate easily from any bone that may be in fillet. Remove skin, and serve on hot plate. A little white sauce may be poured over it.

STEWED BRAINS.

One set of brains. One and a half teaspoonful salt. One pint water. First wash brains, and soak for one hour in a large cup of water with one teaspoonful of salt. Strain off water, and throw it away. Skin brains carefully, plunge into a saucepan of boiling water with half a teaspoonful of salt, and boil for 15 minutes. Strain off water, and serve with white sauce.

WHITE SAUCE.

Half a cup of milk, pinch, salt, 2 teaspoons flour, i teaspoon of butter. Mix flour to smooth paste with a little of the milk. Bring milk, salt and butter to the boil; stir in the mixture gradually, and allow to simmer for 5 minutes.

RUSKS.

Place slices of bread in oven until they are dry and crisp right through and only slightly browned. This is better than biscuits.

PLAIN JUNKET.

2 cups of fresh milk, 1 junket tablet. Heat milk till luke-warm. Dissolve rennet tablet in about 2 teaspoons of cold water; add to the milk. Allow to stand in warm place for s-hour; then remove to ice chest or cooler.

CHOCOLATE JUNKET.

Same as Plain Junket; but before adding tablet, dissolve 1 teaspoon of cocoa in some boiling water, and add to milk.

BOILED CUSTARD.

2 cups of hot milk, 3 egg yolks, \ cup sugar, pinch of salt, flavouring. Beat the yolks slightly, and add sugar and salt. Into this pour the hot milky stirring all the time. Cook in a double pan, stirring till the custard thickens—will form a coating on the spoon. Cool, and flavour.

Phone—L 1770

Proprietor-

L/dlF V = E. MAIDMENT

193 Balaclava Road,

—i?— XAULF1ELD

Over 40 years established in maintaining its original aim to remain in the forefront of any move to improve the standard of

the Dairying Industry.

27

CHOCOLATE CREAM.

One ounce chocolate, i pint of milk, 2 egg yolks, t ounce of gelatine, 1 piece of loaf sugar, 5 drops of lemon juice. Dissolve gelatine and sugar and flavouring with a little warm water. Beat yolks of eggs and stir with milk. Add to this the dissolved gelatine, pour into a jug. Stand jug in a saucepan with water level with the chocolate. Bring to boil, stirring all the time. Pour into jelly mould that has been rinsed with cold water.

PRUNE PULP.

Take i lb. of prunes, wash thoroughly, cover with cold water and soak overnight. In the morning place on stove in same water and cook till tender. Put through sieve. Add 1 teaspoon of sugar if desired.

PRUNE JELLY.

Prune pulp 5 ounces. Mix 1 teaspoon of powdered sago, maizena, or cornina to a smooth paste with 1 tablespoon of water. Add 5 ounces of prune pulp. Bring to boil, and simmer 10 minutes.

MILK JELLY.

Soak 1 ounce gelatine in half-cup of water; then add 1J cups of boiling milk, and stir until dissolved. Add 1 dessertspoon of sugar. Set in mould.

FRUIT JELLY.

Soak 1 ounce gelatine in i cup of stewed fruit juice. Add li cups of boiling fruit juice, together with some of the stewed fruit. Stir until gelatine is dissolved. Add sugar to taste, and set in mould.


Prompt Service.


’PHONES—U 3191, 3192 individual Attention.

O. R. CRITTENDEN,

grocer $ Provision merchant,

142-144 GLENFERRIE ROAD, MALVERN.

6 travellers awaiting your ’phone calls and 4 delivery motors at your service continuously. ’Phone now.

Our service which is freely and cheerfully run, extends from the City throughout the Southern Suburbs to Mordialloc

28

PREVENTION OF CONSTIPATION AND DIARRHOEA.

(A) CONSTIPATION.

Constipation is a common, and, sometimes, a very troublesome symptom in babies.

It is a condition in, which the stools are harder and drier than normal. They are usually passed less frequently than once in the day, though some constipated babies may have three or four hard, dry motions in the day.

It is most important to remember that certain types of constipation are preventible. These may be caused by lack of training in regular habits or by faulty dieting.

Therefore, to prevent constipation in babies, the following should be observed:—

1.—Training in Regular Habits from the First Day of Life.

The baby should be encouraged to use his bowels each day at the same time, the time just after his bath being chosen for preference, the idea being to take advantage of the exercise and general massage obtained in washing and drying the child. This movement helps to establish the habit. The rim of the bowl used for “holding baby out” should touch the buttocks all round, and his head and back should be well supported.

Natural muscular movements should be encouraged by allowing the baby to lie on his back and kick. He may also be exercised by his legs being gently moved backwards and forwards, and by firm circular massage movements being performed on abdomen, up on right side, across, and down on left.

These* methods of training should be regularly repeated each morning until the habit is established.

The lazy baby, with large, soft, infrequent motions, is specially benefited by training methods.

2.—Correct Dieting.

(a)    Regular Feeding Intervals.

The baby should be fed regularly from the first day, so that the regular habit of taking food may assist in forming the regular habit of emptying the bowels. Three or four hourly feedings should be given as ordered by own Doctor.

3 Hourly Feedings.—6 a.m., 9 a.m., 12, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 10 p.m.

4 Hourly Feedings.—6 a.m., 10 a.m., 2 p.m., 6 p.m., 10 p.m.

(b)    Correct Amount of Feeding.

In breast- or bottle-fed infants, too much or too little food over a prolonged period will cause constipation. It is therefore important to have the baby weighed regularly each week, to see if he is gaining sufficiently. Weighing before and after each meal, i.e., test feeding, for all feedings during day or even several times in a day, will give a guide as to the amount a breast-fed baby is obtaining at each feeding.

An underfed baby will cry at the breast, and suckle for longer than the usual 20 minutes; will cry after he has been removed from the breast, and will not gain in weight. His stools will become small, dry, crumbly and infrequent; his extremities cold.

An overfed baby will often cry from indigestion or colic, and will draw up his legs. His stools will become constipated, i.e., hard, but will be large, and he usually gains too much weight per week.

(c)    Regular Rate and Time of Feeding.

If breast- or bottle-fed, the rate of feeding should be controlled.

The usual feeding time is between 20 and 30 minutes.

(d)    In Breast-fed Infant.

The nursing mother should prevent constipation in herself by attending

to the following rules—

1.    She should form regular habit of bowel action.

2.    She should drink plenty of water.

3.    She should have daily bath, with good friction after with a rough towel.

4.    She should take exercise in fresh air and sunlight daily.

5.    She should avoid use of strong purgatives.

6.    She should eat correct diet. (See pages 8-9).

(e)    In Bottle-fed infant,

The position in which the bottle is given should be watched and the mouthpiece changed if the hole is too large.

The nature of the food may cause constipation in the baby.

It is important, therefore, that any artificial food be correctly modified. Boiled water between feedings is often successful.

3.—Avoidance of Use of Aperients and Injections.

Castor oil will cause constipation.

If Constipation Has Occurred.—It must be remembered that there are a great many causes of constipation, and treatment depends on the cause; hence the necessity of consulting a Doctor early once constipation has occurred, so that the baby may be thoroughly medically examined, and the diet properly investigated and regulated.

The character and amount of the stools should be noted, and it may be advisable to keep specimen for the Doctor’s examination.

Advice should always be obtained before altering the diet, or giving aperients, or giving injections.

Especially should castor oil be avoided, unless ordered, because, although it has a marked aperient action, it is followed by a period of constipation. This is especially the case with young infants.

In the event of Doctor ordering an Enema:—

(a)    An infant rectal syringe should be used. All air should be expelled after filling, and vaseline applied to nozzle.

(b)    The fluid must be injected very slowly and carefully.

(c)    The minimum quantity should be given—1-2 oz. for baby under three months.

(d)    The fluid should be just warm.

(e)    The mildest solution to get a result should be used.

Salt and water (strength: 1 teaspoon to the pint) is the best.

Soap and water is too irritating for a baby.

Injections given regularly cause a habit of constipation which is difficult to overcome.

Therefore, injections should only be given under Doctor’s orders.

30

(B) DIARRHOEA.

Diarrhoea is one of the most common causes of death in infancy.

It occurs all the year round, but during the summer months is most prevalent.

PREVENTION OF DIARRHOEA.—This is most important, as diarrhoea is easy to prevent, but difficult in many cases to cure.

Breast feeding is the surest protection against diarrhoea.

The baby should be kept cool, but guarded against chills. The room should be well ventilated. The baby should not be overheated by too much or too rich food, or by too many clothes. The food should be decreased, and the fluids increased, on hot days.

To Remember.—The worst kind of diarrhoea and the most dangerous type is the one with blood and slime in the motions. This is infectious, and is therefore entirely preventable. It is carried by flies and dust, comforters, untrustworthy milk, unboiled water, unboiled feeding bottles, and mouthpieces, by the use of food which has been exposed to dust and flies, and by contact with other cases of summer diarrhoea.

If flies are removed, the carriers of infection are removed.

Garbage tins should be kept covered.

Food should not be left exposed.

Baby should be protected from flies. Baby should be covered with a net when sleeping.

Comforters attract flies, and should not be used.

Soiled clothes and napkins should not be allowed to lie about.

Hands should be washed thoroughly after changing baby, and especially before preparing food.

Bottles and mouthpieces should be boiled.

Baby’s bottle should be emptied immediately after using and filled with cold water.

Stale milk should not be used.

No food which has been exposed to flies and dust should be used.

Over-feeding should be avoided.

Ingredients of mixtures should be correctly measured—as, for example, too much sugar in mixtures may cause diarrhoea.

During Very Hot Weather Spells—

1.    All milk should be boiled.

2.    Less fat should be given—e.g., emulsions, rich milk, cream, butter,

etc.

3.    Plenty of cool boiled water should be given to drink.

4.    On very hot days milk should be skimmed, and mixture slightly

weakened.

5.    No raw fruit should be given, stewed fruit and fruit juices being

used instead.

If Motions are Frequent.—All food, including breast milk, should be stopped.

Plenty of cool boiled water should be given, and Doctor attended as soon as possible.

If motion contains blood and slime, it is absolutely necessary and most important to attend Doctor immediately.

1.    Castor oil or other aperient should not be given in cases of diarrhoea without expert advice.

2.    All motions, particularly those containing blood and slime, are highly infectious, so care of stools and napkins must be taken.

3. Baby should be allowed to lie in his own cot in the fresh air or well ventilated room, and disturbed as little as possible.

A warm bath twice a day should be given unless otherwise ordered by Doctor.

The baby should be kept under Doctor’s supervision till diarrhoea has ceased, and he has been gradually worked back to his normal diet.

Care of Napkins.—The napkins should be held by the corners under running water to wash motion off, then plunged immediately into vessel of cold water, which is then brought to the boil, and boiled for 10 minutes.

The napkins are then rinsed well and dried in, the sun. The gully trap or trough where napkins have been washed is disinfected with phenyle or other disinfectant.

In the country, where the water is scarce, napkins may be placed in cold water, and motion rinsed off. The napkin should not be handled, but should be manipulated with two sticks, and transferred to clean water, which is then^ boiled as above mentioned. Before soiled water is thrown away, it is disinfected with phenyle or lysol (one teaspoonful to every pint of water).

N.B.—It is most important, after handling napkins from a case of summer diarrhoea, to disinfect thei hands by washing with phenyle or lysol, one teaspoonful to the pint of water. Unless this is done, the disease may be carried to some other child, or the same one be re-infected.

The disinfectant should be kept in locked cupboard.

THE “BABYSAFE” COT

Designed by MURIEL PECK.

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Patent No. 26,092, Dated 25th November, 1925


Perfect Security and Convenience.

Rat and Bird Proof.

This Portable Playground and Cot stands 4ft. 4in. high, and combines every feature of absolute safety.

Will unscrew and lay flat for Transport Obtainable from

L. M. LYALL

MOTHERS’ and BABIES’ SERVICE CENTRE,

225 COLLINS STREET

(next Damman’s)

MELBOURNE.

’Phone F. 6007.

Also Agent for

Sister Muriel A. Peck’s Book, "YOUR BABY”

Price, 2/~ Postage 2d. extra.


Prices submitted on Perambulators, Push Carts, Nursery Furniture, Baby Baths, Infants’ Layettes, Garments, etc.

Printed by “ The Prahran Telegraph ” Printing Co., King Street, Prahran, for the Publishers, Messrs. Thompson and Fogarty, 114 Punt Road, Windsor.

Nursery Milk Certified Free from Tuberculosis

THE BURLINGTON MODEL DAIRY supply - - - .

TUBERCULIN TESTED NURSERY MILK

produced and selected to conform to standards required by Baby Health Centres. We require a Veterinary Certificate of perfect health for every cow before her milk is accepted for this section.

Burlington Model Dairy

564 Glenhuntly Road, CAULFIELD, s.e. 8.

’Phone—U 2515.

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