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^January 1901



NWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA


THE

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS

OF THE

COMPILED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF

THE PRIME MINISTER OF NEW SOUTH WALES

By J. J. KEENAN.

Sulmru:

WILLIAM APPLEGATE GULLICK, GOVERNMENT PRINTER

1904.




WHEREAS by an Act of Parliament passed in the Sixty-third and Sixty-fourth Years of Our Reign, intituled “ An Act to constitute the Commonwealth of Australia” it is enacted that it shall be lawful for the Queen, with the advice of the Privy Council, to declare by Proclamation, that, on and after a day therein appointed, not being later than One Year after the passing of this Act, the people of New South JJ'ales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, and 'Tasmania, and also, if Her Majesty is satisfied that the people of JVestern Australia have agreed thereto, of Western Australia, shall be united in a Eederal Commonwealth under the name of the Commonwealth of Australia.

And whereas we are satisfied that the people of Western Australia have agreed thereto accordingly.



We, therefore, by and with the advice of Our Privy Council, have thought fit to issue this Our Royal Proclamation, and We do hereby declare that on and after the First day of January One thousand nine hundred and one the people of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Tasmania, and JVestern Australia shall be united in a Federal Commonwealth under the name of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Given at Our Court at Balmoral, this Seventeenth day of September, in the Year of our Lord One thousand nine hundred, and in the Sixty-fourth Year of Our Reign.

PROCLAMATION



By His Excellency The Right Honorable The Earl ok Hopetoun, a Member of Her Majesty’s Most Honorable Privy Council, Knight of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Commonwealth of Australia.

WHEREAS Her Majesty has been graciously pleased by Commission under Her Royal Sign Manual and Signet, bearing date at St. James the twenty-ninth day of October, one thousand nine hundred, to constitute and appoint me, The Right Honorable John Adrian Louis, Earl of Hopetoun, a Member of Her Majesty’s Most Honorable Privy Council, Knight of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle. Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, to be Governor-General and Commander-in Chief in and over Her Majesty’s Commonwealth of Australia, I do hereby proclaim and declare that I have this day taken the prescribed Oaths before His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor of our State of New South Wales, in the Commonwealth of Australia, and that I have assumed the said Office of Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Commonwealth of Australia accordingly.    t

Given under my Hand and Seal, at Sydney, this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and one, and in the sixty-fourth year of Her Majesty’s Reign.

By His Excellency’s Command,

EDMUND BARTON.

GOD SAVE THE QUEEN!


PREFACE.

When the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia had erased those political lines which for nearly half a century had divided the continent into separate communities, it appeared to Sir William Lyne, Prime Minister of the Mother State, that an account of the Inaugural Celebrations designed and conducted under his directions should be prepared as a permanent record. He, therefore, entrusted to the writer the task of compiling a description of those features of the rejoicings which had the imprimatur of the Government, to serve as a standard work of reference to those who might wish to glean information concerning the commemoration of this great event.

The object of this compilation is not to furnish a retrospect of the reasons for the Federation of the six colonies, or of the progress of the movement from its inception to its consummation, but simply to provide an authentic record of the different functions which were held to mark the birth of the Commonwealth.

A meed of praise is due to the proprietors of the Sydney Mail and of the Town and Country Journal for the generous loan of interesting pictures, and to the Librarian of the State Parliament for the privilege of referring to the records in his custody. A tribute of appreciation is also freely offered to the Government Printer and his Staff for the admirable manner in which the publication has been conducted through the press.

May this story of the Celebrations serve to stimulate the patriotic aspirations of every Australian, and enlist the sympathy of humanity with the political ideals of the people in these Southern Seas !

J. J. K.

Contents.

.    Vll

.    ix

xiii-xvi

■    5. >5

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.    22

•    25

.    28

29 45

■    49

•    52

•    53

•    55


PROCLAMATION BY THE QUEEN PROCLAMATION BY THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL

PREFACE ...............

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS    ......

INTRODUCTION ............

ARRIVAL OF THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL

Official Landing ............

Address of Welcome by the Premier of New South Wales ...    ...

Address of Welcome by the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Sydney

SELECTION OF THE SWEARING-IN SITE ...

Route of Procession ...    ...    ..    ...    ...

Mottoes ...    ...    •••    •••    •••    •••

Poem by Lady Jersey: “One People—One Destiny”

THE PROCESSION .........

Table of Precedence...    ...    .

Order of Procession ...    ...    ...

......... 7°

........ 72

-     73

......... 74

......... 77

......... 78

......... 78

......... 79

........ 79

......... 80

...83, 84, 8s, 86, 87, 88

.........88, 89


THE SWEARING-IN CEREMONY... Opening Prayer ...    ...    ...

The Queen’s Proclamation......

Letters Patent... ...    ......

The Governor-General’s Commission

Judicial Oath............

Oath of Allegiance.........

Oath of Office .........

The Governor-General’s Proclamation Swearing-in the Commonwealth Ministry

Congratulatory Messages ......

Greetings to the Commonwealth ... Invitations to the Swearing-in Ceremony

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS .........

State Banquet The Illuminations ...

Cycling Carnival

The Highland Gathering ...

Fire Brigades’ Procession and Display Swimming Carnival ...

Conversazione

Bands...

Continental ...

Highland Society’s Concert Military Tattoo The Review, Centennial Park Commerce Luncheon School Children’s Display ...

Command Night Philharmonic Concert Athletic and Cycling Sports Harbour Aquatic Demonstration ...

Picnic to National Park Theatrical Matinee Performances ...

Picnic to the Blind ...

Pyrotechnics on the Harbour

Amateur Orchestral Concert

National Rifle Association Meeting

Trades Unions and Friendly Societies’ Demonstration

Picnic to Visiting Clergymen .........

Inter-State Cricket Match ...

Naval and Military Banquet Press Picnic ...

Church Services

Naval and Military Sports ...    ......

Picnic at Kurnell

Representation of the Landing of Captain Cook Municipal'and Civil Luncheon .........

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS—continued.    page.

The “ Grosser Kurfurst ” ... ... ... ... .

.. ... ... ... 218

Harbour Excursion ... ... ... ... ... .

........ 222, 254

Liedertafel Concert...... ... ... ... .

.. ... ... ... 222

Open-air Concert ... ... ... ... ... .

.. ... ... ... 222

Assault-at-Arms ... ... ... ... ... .

........... 223

Trades Unions’ Dinner ... ... ... ... .

........... 223

Municipal Picnic to Berry.............

........... 230

Press Banquet ... ... ... ... ... .

........... 237

CITIZENS’ ENTERTAINMENTS..........

........... 249

Sports at Botany Bay ... ... ... ... .

........... 231

Police Smoke Concert .............

........... 251

Friendly Societies’ Banquet ... ... ... .

........... 254

Military and Naval Smoke Concert ... ... .

........... 259

COMMONWEALTH ODE .............

........ 263, 264

THE DECORATIONS..............

.......... 265

General Post Office ... ... ... ... ...

.. ... ... ... 266

Town Hall ... ... ... ... ... ...

........... 267

Lands and Mines Departments ... ... ... .

.. ... ... ... 269

Customs House...................

........... 270

Colonial Secretary’s and Public Works Offices ... .

.. ... ... ... 272

Treasury ... ... ... ... ... ... .

........... 272

Supreme Court ... ... ... ... ...

.. ... ... ... 272

Government Printing Office ... ... ...

........... 273

Parliament House ... ... ... ... ...

........... 274

The Mint ... ... ... ... ... ... .

........... 274

Royal Exchange ... ... ...... ...

........... 275

Daily Telegraph Office ... ... ... ...

.......... 277

Sydney Morning Herald Office ... ... ... .

........... 277

Evening News and Town and Country Journal Offices

........... 278

Australian Star Office ... ... ... ...

........... 279

Sydney Railway Station ... ... ... ...

.. ... ... ... 280

Fire Brigade Station ... ... ... ...

........... 281

HARBOUR DECORATIONS.............

........... 283

A RETROSPECT ...............

........... 285

APPENDICES..................

........ 287-293


List of Illustrations.


Card of Invitation to Inauguration Ceremonies Queen Victoria    ...    ...    ...

The Right Honorable the Earl of Hopetoun, P. The Countess of Hopetoun ...    .

The Right Honorable Edmund Barton, P.C., Q. The Honorable Sir William Lyne, K.C.M.G. Government House (vignette)    ...

Lord Hope (vignette)    ...    ...

The Countess of Hopetoun (vignette)

Hon. Chas. M. Hope (vignette)    ...

Design of Commonwealth Medals...

The State Ministry- of New South Wales.

The Governor-General (vignette) ...

II.M.S. “Royal Arthur” ......

The Fleet in Sydney Harbour ...

Firing a Salute    ...    ...    ...

Pontoon at the Landing Place ...

Landing Pavilion    ...    ...    ...

Government House    ...    ...    ...

Kiosk in Centennial Park (vignette)

Coal Arch ...    ...    ...    ...

Queen’s Square by Daylight ... Macquarie-street    ...    ...    ...

Arch over Government House Gates

Wool Arch ...     ...

Agricultural Arch    ...    ...    ...

French Arch ...    ...    ...    ...

American Arch    ..    ...    ...

Martin Place...    ...    . .    ...

Melbourne Arch    ...    ...    ...

Citizens’ Arch ...... ...

German Arch    ...    ...    ...

Military Colonnade    ...    ...    ...


, K.T


G.C


I.G.,


PAGE.

Frontispiece


.V.O


11

iv

v

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26

28

31

32

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39 41

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47





Centennial Park Archway ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Colonel Crole Wyndham (vignette)...    ...    ...    ...

Procession in Macquarie-street, opposite Parliament House Canadian Allegorical State Car    ...    ...    ...    ...

The Indian Troops in Bridge-street ...    ...    ...

The Life Guards entering College-street ...    ...    ...

The Governor-General in Martin Place ...    ...    ...

Arrival of the Governor-General at the Swearing-in Site Sir Henry Parkes, K.C.M.G. (vignette)    ...    ...    ...

The Archbishop of Sydney offering up a Prayer ...    ...

Mr. Blackmore reading the Letters Patent    ...    ...

The Governor-General taking the Oaths ...    ...    ...

Swearing-in the Commonwealth Ministry...    ...    ...

The Commonwealth Ministry    ...    ...    ...    ...

Sir Frederick Darley, G.C.M.G. (Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales). Mr. Justice Owen    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Critchett Walker, C.M.G., Principal Under Secretary Right Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, P.C., M.P., Secretary of State forthe Colonies The Governor-General leaving the Swearing-in Pavilion Panoramic View of the Swearing-in Ceremony Troops at Ease    ...    ...    ...    ...

The Marquis of Salisbury (vignette)    ...

Card of Invitation to the State Banquet ...

Statue of Captain Phillip, R.N.    ...    ...

Right Hon. Sir Samuel Way, Bart., P.C. (Lieutenant-Governor of South Australia)    ...    ...    ...    ...

Sir Samuel Griffiths, G.C.M.G. (Lieutenant-Governor of Queensland).

Right Hon R. J. Seddon, P.C. (Prime Minister of New Zealand)

Hon. J. Frost C.M.G. (Cape Colony) ...    ...    ...    ...

Hon. F. R. Moor (Natal) ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Hon. Charles P. Layard (Ceylon)    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

The City Illuminated (viewed from North Sydney)    ...    ...

Hon. H. N. McLaurin, M.D. (President of the Highland Society)

Fire Brigades Procession ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Fire Hose Display at Exhibition Park    ..;    ...    ...    ...

Victorian Military Band of fifty-six performers    ...    ...    ...

The Highland Light Infantry Band ...    ...    ...    ...

Major-General G. A. French, C.M.G., R.A. (General Officer Commanding) The Review, Centennial Park    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ... Facing

PAGE.

48

5*

54

57

61

63

67

68 70 74 78

80

81 81 86 86 87 90 94

99

100

•°3

109

1 iz 1 *5 J19 120

] ZO 12 I 122 •25 13°

131 '34 '36 •37 '38


' k



List of Illustrations.

The Mounted Rifles... ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Card of Invitation to Commerce Luncheon ...    ...

J. Russell French (President of Chamber of Commerce)    ...    ...

T. A. Dibbs (General Manager, Commercial Banking Company of Sydney)

W. Vicars (President of Chamber of Manufacturers) ...    ...    ...

Right Hon. G. H. Reid, P.C., Q.C., M.P.............

Sir William McMillan, K.C.M.G...................

Hon. Robert Reid, M.L.C. (President of Chamber of Commerce, Victoria)

Sir Henry Parkes, G.C.M.G. ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Hon. Sir Frederick Sargood, K.C.M.G. ...     ...    ...

School Children’s Display, Sydney Cricket Ground    ...    ...    ...    Facing

Pyrotechnics at the Town Hall ...

Sydney Harbour—Anniversary Regatta Audley, National Park    ...    ...

Fireworks on the Harbour......

Trades Unions’ and Friendly Societies’ Procession    ...    ...    ...

J. S. T. McGowen, M.L.A. (Leader of New South Wales Labour Party)

In the National Park    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Sir Robert Stout, K.C.M.G. (Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand) ...

Regimental Sergeant-Major Laughton (21st Lancers).........

Captain Wood (Scottish Rifles) ...    ..    ...    ...    ...    ...

Colonel Crole-Wyndham, Commandant (21st Empress of India Lancers) Lieutenant Collins (1st King’s Dragoon Guards)...    ...    ..    ...

A Subahdar or Commander of a Company (Indian Troops)    ...    ...

His Excellency Vice-Admiral Pearson (Naval Commander-in-Chief) ...

A Sergeant, 16th Bombay Infantry    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Sir George R. Dibbs, K.C.M.G. (ex-Premier of New South Wales) ... Representatives of the Inter-State Press attending the Celebrations ... Lieutenant James Cook, R.N. ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Captain Cook proclaiming New South Wales a British Possession ...

Hon J. Carroll (Minister for Native Affairs, New Zealand) ......

Hon. J. H. Want, Q.C., M.L.C. (Chairman of Reception Committee) Monument to mark the Landing Place of Captain Cook    ...    ...

Tablet to the Memory of Captain Cook and Sir Joseph Banks ...    ...

Queensland Aboriginals at Kurnell Speaking the Dialogue ...

Sir Joseph Banks, F.L.S. ...

Dr. Solander, F.L.S. ...

Town Hall, Sydney ...    ...

XV

PAGE. 139 141 .142 144 146 148 '5*5*54 156

>5«

161

163

164 167 169 *73

*77

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188

.89

*9*

*93

*95

*97

198

*99

200

201

202 204

206

207




Dr. James Graham, M.L.A. (Mayor of Sydney) ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Lieutenant-Colonel J. G. Davies, M.H.A. (Mayor of Hobart)    ...    ...    ...

Nicol Robinson (Mayor of Brisbane) ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Sir Arthur Snowden (ex-Mayor of Melbourne)...... ...    ...    ...

Hon. Robert Philp, M.L.A. (Prime Minister of Queensland) .........

Saloon of ss. “ Grosser Kurfurst” ...    ...    ..    ..    ...    ...    ...

J. C. Watson, M.L.A. (a prominent Labour Representative) .........

Statue of the Right Hon. William Bede Dailey, P.C., Q.C.    ...    ...    ...

Private W. H. Gargett (Winner of the Queen’s Prize) ...    ...    ...    ...

Sergeant G. Hawker (Winner of Commonwealth Aggregate, and 2nd for Queen’s Prize) ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Private Clarke (3rd for Queen’s Prize) ..................

Charles Oliver (Chief Commissioner for Railways)    ...    ...    ...    ...

W. M. Fehon (Commissioner for Railways) ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

David Kirkaldie (Commissioner for Railways) ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Officers of visiting Indian Contingent ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Samuel Cook (President, Inter-State and Visiting Press Committee)......

Geoffrey E. Fairfax (one of the Proprietors of The Sydney Morning Herald') ... S. V. Winter (Editor, Melbourne Herald) ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Wm. J. Sowden (Editor, South Australian Register)    ...    ...    ...    ...

C. Bransdon Fletcher (Editor, Brisbane Courier)...    ...    ...    ...    ...

A. W. Whittaker (Editor, Launceston Telegraph) ...    ...... ...    ...

J. L. Kelly (Editor, New Zealand Timss) ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Watkin Wynne (Manager, Sydney Daily Telegraph)    ...    ...    ...    ...

Right Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, P.C., M.P. (vignette) ...    ...    ...    ...

Sydney Cove, 1800 ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Sydney Cove, 1900 ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Edmund Fosbery (Inspector-General of Police)...    ...    ...    ...    ...

J. T. Iredale (President, United Friendly Societies Association) ......

The Military and Navy    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

G. Essex Evans ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ......

W. L. Vernon, Government Architect {vignette) ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

General Post Office (Illuminated).....................

Government Lands and Mines Departments (Decorated)    ...    ...    ...

Customs House (Decorated)    ...    ...    ..    ...    ...    ...    ...

Royal Exchange (Decorated)    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Sydney Railway Station (Illuminated) ..................

Statue of Sir Henry Parkes, G.C.M.G. ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

Warships Illuminated    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

The First Australian Ministry under responsible Government, 1856    ...    ...

Hon. F. B. Suttor, M.L.C., Chairman, Organising Committee... ......

John Portus, General Secretary for the Celebrations ...    ...    ...    ...

J. J. Keenan, Secretary, Organising Committee ...    ...    ...    ...    ...

PAGE

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283 286 288 288 288


INTRODUCTION.

The


SHE Inaugural Celebrations of the Commonwealth of Australia may be said to have had their commences ment in the Reception of the Governor-General

Government had anticipated that His Excellency would prefer the official reception of himself to be concurrent with the Swearing-in Ceremony. Had this course been approved, arrangements would have been made for the Governor-General to go aboard the warship which brought him to Sydney, and at a given hour to put off in a pinnace to the landing-place, and immediately after being received by the Prime Minister of the Colony, and His Worship the Mayor of Sydney, to join a procession which would escort him to the site of the pavilion; but no doubt the weak state of His Excellency’s health, was responsible for this proposal not being carried out. In order to avoid unnecessary fatigue, such as the extreme December heat would cause, Lord Hopetoun intimated to Sir William Lyne, some time before reaching Australia, that he desired to officially land on the date of his arrival in Port Jackson. The Government readily acquiesced in this decision, and at once made the

The site chosen for the official landing in the Outer Domain was situate at a point on the eastern side of Farm Cove, near the entrance to the Botanic Gardens. This position not only enabled the steamboats and small craft, which congregated in large numbers, to keep out of the course of the general traffic in the harbour, but afforded the best view to the thousands of persons who lined the shore. ViceAdmiral Pearson readily gave the Committee the benefit of his advice and experience in arranging the plan of manoeuvres, while the Superintendent of Navigation drew up a scale of regulations for the conduct of the traffic on the water.

Shortly after his arrival, Lord Hopetoun was the recipient of a handsome Gold and Silver Casket, mounted on a stand of polished Australian blackwood, from the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Sydney. The casket, which was oblong in shape, with a scroll and garland at each corner, and a well-modelled head representing commerce, had as its centre front His Excellency’s Coat-of-Arms, handsomely chased on either side with relief views of the Sydney Town Hall and Government House. The cover rose to the centre at a graceful angle, and was richly ornamented with scrolls and bands of acanthus leaves. Surmounting the whole was a chased and enamelled copy of the Sydney Coat-of-Arms.

Numerous addresses from religious bodies and representative institutions were also presented to 11 is Excellency, all of which were accepted with suitable acknowledgments.

'The Organising Committee.*

Meanwhile the Government were making every preparation for the national rejoicings, which were to extend over a week. The General Secretary, Mr. John Portus, Chief Clerk of the Public Works Department, was provided with a large staff’ of assistants and a suite of rooms in a central position for the proper carrying out of the work.

The various commercial and representative institutions, including the Managements ot Theatres, Musical Societies, and Sporting Clubs, were invited to form Sectional

* See Appendix,

3


INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

Committees, and to nominate one member to represent them on the official Organising Committee. The latter body was composed of delegates, representative of different interests, including many of the leading citizens of Sydney. The duties of this Committee were to receive reports from the Sectional Committees, and to make recommendations, dealing more with principle than detail, to the Government. The Hon. F. B. Suttor, M.L.C., Vice-President of the Executive Council, acted as Chairman, with Mr. J. J. Keenan, as Secretary.

Among- the recommendations of the Committee were the various events enumerated in the Official Programme, comprising Processions, Demonstrations, Races, Cycling and Athletics, Aquatic Displays, Cricket and Rifle Matches, Harbour and River Excursions, Banquets, Picnics, a Review, Military Sports, and Musical and Theatrical Entertainments.

A design for gold, silver, and bronze medals, as special prizes for the different sporting events, was invited. Out of a large number of designs, that submitted by Mr. W. Applegate Gullick, Government Printer, was accepted.

A design for a special Commonwealth medal for general purposes was also considered by the Committee.

A recommendation that a Juc simile ot the Proclamation of the Commonwealth be sent to each child attending school met with the approbation ot the Government.


On the suggestion of the Committee, the following holidays and half-holidays were proclaimed :—

Monday, December 31—Whole day throughout the Colony, except in the County of Cumberland.

Tuesday, January' 1st (New Year’s Day)—Whole day throughout the Colony.

Wednesday, January 2nd—Half-day' throughout the County' of Cumberland only'.

Thursday, January 3rd—Whole day' throughout the County of Cumberland only.

Friday', January 4th—Half-day throughout the County of Cumberland only.

Monday, January 7th—Half-day throughout the County of Cumberland only.

Decoration and Illuminations Committee*

The Decoration and Illuminations Committee, which undertook all ornamentations on behalf of the Government, carried their labours into all the Recreation Grounds, Parks, and Gardens, and even to the topmost points of the highest eminences, in addition to ornamenting the streets and public buildings. This Committee may safely claim to have been most instrumental in producing the gala sights which compelled the admiration of the people. From early morning until late at night, and all night long, the large staff of mechanics, artists, and workmen of the Committee were unremitting in their efforts to dress the capital in its best attiie. Mr. W. L. Vernon, Government Architect, acted as Chairman of the Committee, and Mr. E. Winch, as Secretary.

'The Reception and Entertainment Committee*

The Reception and Entertainment Committee consisted of Members of Parliament, Ministers of Religion, and representatives of the learned professions and of different branches of commerce. Their recommendations to the Government related principally to receiving the visiting guests, and providing for their general comfort duiing the period of the Celebrations.

Those representing different interests on the Committee were organised into sub-committees. Each sub-committee undertook to attend to the Government guests

identified with similar interests in the Colonies from which they came, while the General Committee supervised the interests of the whole. Under this system the work was considerably facilitated, contusion and undue pressure avoided, and highly satisfactory results achieved.

The Hon. J. H. Want, Q.C., M.L.C., acted as Chairman, and was assisted by Mr. J. Garland, M.L.A., and Mr. J. J. Cohen, M.L.A., with Mr. Arthur McArthur as Secretary. A suite ot rooms contiguous to those occupied by the General Secretary and Staff was provided for this Committee, who necessarily required suitable quarters tor the reception of visitors. The energy and enthusiasm exhibited by the Chairman and his colleagues in furnishing every comfort to the persons in their charge gained for them the gratitude of the Government and the highest encomiums from all.

Processions and Demonstrations Committee.*

The Processions and Demonstrations Committee was comprised of Members of Parliament and delegates from representative bodies and organisations. The Committee undertook to make recommendations concerning the different processions and demonstrations, and particularly as to what public bodies and interests should be invited to be represented in the processions.

Early in the operations of the Committee, it was ascertained that sufficient suitable carriage accommodation was not obtainable to allow a representation of each of the various interests and nationalities that wished to participate in the Inaugural Procession. It was therefore recommended that a day should be set aside for a special procession and demonstration to be given by the numerous bodies constituting the Friendly Societies and the 1 rades Unions. This proposal met with the approval of the Government, and on Saturday, the 5th January, another large procession of intrinsic grandeur added to the glory of the historic occasion.

A proposal for a procession of the Metropolitan and Suburban Fire Brigades, and other matters relating to demonstrations, also received the consideration of the Committee, whose recommendations were highly appreciated by the Cabinet. The Hon. J. Perry (Minister for Public Instruction) was Chairman of this Committee, with Mr. C. R. Chapman, of the Treasury Department, as Secretary.

The Poor.

There was yet another Government Committee, which owed its origin to the thoughtfulness of Sir William Lyne, and appealed to the sympathy of every citizen. The Committee was composed principally of clergymen, representatives of charitable institutions, and a number of ladies whose services had frequently been devoted to the care and relief of the poor. Its energies were directed into more charitable channels than can be said of those of any of the other Committees previously mentioned. The object of this body was to formulate a scheme to grant relief to the indigent, and “provide the poorest of the poor with a dinner or good substantial meal.” The names of persons deserving assistance were obtained through the clergymen of all denominations, charitable institutions, and other responsible bodies throughout the metropolis and the suburbs.

At the outset it was determined that any scheme evolved by the Committee for adoption by the Government should be far-reaching and effective. Between five thousand and seven thousand coupons, covering an order for groceries,—the supply of which was regulated according to the number in a family—were issued, in addition to nearly two thousand tickets for a “ good substantial meal.” The system of distribution led to most successful results; for it was estimated that over twenty-five thousand souls availed themselves of the generosity of the Government.

The Venerable Archdeacon Langley acted as Chairman of the Committee with Mr. C. R. Chapman as Secretary.

1 he Citizens' Committee was mainly composed of leading merchants and business men. The work undertaken by this body “covered the mural decorations, erection of arches, the management of intercolonial and country representations upon the line of route, the caring for special classes of the deserving poor whose cases were not covered by the Government programme, the carrving out of a Smoke Concert to the visiting Imperial Troops and Naval Forces, and the management of the Paying Guest Agency.” Provision was also made for the supply of refreshments to several hundred children from various charitable organisations, who viewed the procession from an enclosure in Hyde Park, and a picnic at Clontarf was given to the inmates of the Blind Institution.

Mr. H. S. Chipman placed a suite of commodious offices, fitted with every convenience, at the free service of the Committee; other leading citizens contributing in like manner furniture and other accommodation.    Sir Matthew Harris (retiring

Mayor of Sydney) acted as Chairman, with Mr. J. D. Hennessey as Organising Secretary.

Apart from the duties devolving upon the Committees appointed to assist the Government, the General Secretary, with a staff of assistants, was kept exceedingly busy until all hours at night in the endeavour to cope with the enormous volume of correspondence pouring in from all parts of Australia, and numerous details arising out of the decisions of the Government.




INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.


The task of issuing 17,000 Inaugural Invitation Cards and tickets for the various functions on the Official Programme to 5,500 guests was a rather formidable one. All tickets were issued by the direction of Mr. F. A. Coghlan, Chief Clerk under the Friendly Societies Act, and Mr. W. II. Hall, Assistant Government Statistician.

Music.

The musical arrangements for the festivities were made by Mr. H. N. Southwell, of the Public Instruction Department, many of the bands having come from distant towns. The bands played selections at different points in the principal thoroughfares, the parks, and recreation grounds, and considerably contributed to the harmony and enjoyment of the people.

Seats to l ieu' the Procession.

In order that those attending the Celebrations at the invitation of the Government should be able to comfortably witness the great procession on the ist January, seating accommodation was specially reserved on stands erected at different stages along the route. In some instances the stands had a seating capacity for ten thousand persons. At Parliament House a stand was erected for the local and visiting legislators and their wives, and Parliamentary officials. This stand, which provided for the seating of 1,400 persons, was declared to afford the best view of the procession within the city.

The Police.

On such a momentous occasion as the birth of a nation, when a series of demonstrations on a most elaborate scale is to be held, and the hearts of the people, from the plutocrat to the humblest cottager, are beating with pride and exultation, there is, perhaps, no body to whom the public look with more confidence for assistance and protection than the Police Force; and when one contrasts the comparative magnitude of the ceremonies, and the hustle and bustle of the hundreds of thousands of persons that filled the metropolis for a whole week, with like demonstrations in other parts of the world, a feeling of astonishment is awakened by the reflection that so many persons should have passed through so prolonged a period of hurry and excitement almost without loss of life or limb. Of three persons who were killed, Sub-Inspector Bremner of the Police Force, while engaged in the discharge of his duties, was injured by a runaway horse; and the other two were so far advanced in years as to be unable to take care of themselves.

iCTr



INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

This great concourse of people, estimated at nearly half a million, was under the control of the officers of the Police Force. On the ist January, the number of police engaged in guarding the line of route, and the site of the Swearing-in Ceremony was 959, of whom 867 were metropolitan and country members, forty-one from the Traffic Department, and fifty-one officers in plain clothes. At the procession of the Friendly Societies and Trades Unions only thirty-one police attended.


The total number of police to whom the public looked for the preservation of good conduct, and the assurance of their safety during the celebrations, was about 1,057. Of these, fifteen were brought from other States. Special constables were sworn in to the number of thirty-two, who were drawn from the Government employees engaged in connection with the decorations and illuminations, and contrivances to guard traffic in the streets.

Regulations for street traffic, and directions for the general information, observance, and guidance of the public, were issued by the Inspector-General of Police, and were placarded in large attractive lettering throughout the city and suburbs.

The Railways.

The Railway Department benefited greatly by the Celebrations, which naturally caused a very large increase in the traffic into Sydney, and on the tramways in the city.


It was noticeable that the Christmas traffic, immediately prior to the inauguration of the Commonwealth, was not so large as usual, although specially low fares were submitted. This, no doubt, was owing to many persons holding back for the federal festivities. During the week of the Celebrations the resources of the Department were severely taxed; but the Commissioners, having anticipated a heavy traffic, had every vehicle that it was possible to use put into running order, and were thereby successfully enabled to respond to the unusually heavy call upon them.


In addition to the ordinary trains, all of which had extra accommodation attached, the Department ran a large number of specials—about 200—from country stations. It was estimated that the number of ordinary travellers brought from the country to Sydney was about 56,000. There was also a large intercolonial traffic, and in order to facilitate transportation, arrangements were made by the Commissioners with the authorities in the other Colonies to run special trains at convenient periods for the comfort of the invited guests, and also to carry ordinary passengers. It was calculated that the number of intercolonial travellers and invited guests, exclusive of the figures quoted above, was from 7,000 to to,000; this estimate did not include the 5,000 troops, with whom were 1,250 horses, that travelled on the railways, to take part in the big procession and other demonstrations. So that the country and long-distance travellers conveyed by rail numbered about 70,000.

The long-distance traffic spread over some days prior to the 1st January, but the greatest rush on the railways was experienced on New Year’s Day, in bringing in to the City the short-clistance passengers. No less than 546 trains were worked in and out of Redfern station on New Year’s Dav. Each train arriving at the metropolis was packed to its utmost carrying capacity. It was estimated that between 8 and 10 o’clock that morning 40,000 persons were brought into Sydney. The rush in the afternoon and at night on the outgoing trains was in like manner creditably provided for by the Department. The total number of passengers passing out of Redfern Station between 2 p.m. and midnight was calculated at 68,000.

The Tramways.

The traffic on the tramways dwarfed the record for the railwav service, as during the week of the festivities the returns for this branch easily exceeded all

previous records—that is, so far as the traffic of the city alone was concerned. The number of fares collected on the trams during the week was 3,2=50,000. The traffic was fairly divided, but the takings on the 1st January eclipsed the takings on any other day. On New Year’s Day, which witnessed the opening ceremonies of the Inauguration, over half a million fares were collected. Practically, all day and night the trams were crowded, and in many instances adventurous spirits were to be seen riding on the roofs of the cars in great numbers. This enormous demand upon the tramway service may be attributed to the eagerness of the people to witness the procession and Swearing-in Ceremony during the day and the city illuminations at night.

Financially, the returns to the Department were not so large as might have been expected. The specially low rates which prevailed on the railways, and the low fares on the tramv/ays, did not permit of a very large increase in the earnings. To illustrate the small charges which prevailed, it may be mentioned that the second-class return rate from Bourke to Sydney—a distance of 1,006 miles—was only 25s.    •

On the whole, it was estimated that the railways and tramways benefited to the extent of ^30,000 from passenger fares during the inaugural celebrations. Owing to the employment of a large number of men, and the running of additional trains and trams, the expenses considerably exceeded those incurred on ordinary occasions. Besides, extra holidays were granted to the staff. The total net result, from a financial standpoint, was not proportionate to the work done, but the convenience afforded to the travelling public was inestimable.

The guests whom the Government invited from the country and other colonies W'ere each provided with a first-class return railway pass; in the case of married guests, two passes were issued. Representatives of the Press and members of

the military were    also the recipients of free    return tickets on the    railways.    On

the tramways the    visiting troops were provided with tickets which    enabled them

to travel between the camp and the city.

The most gratifying feature of the management of the railways and tramways was that, notwithstanding the great demand which continued during the whole period of    the celebrations—and the    tramway business of    the city    was

conducted under    most difficult and trying    circumstances,—there    was not    one

serious accident, and the Railway Commissioners cheerfully acknowledged the willingness and carefulness with which the staff discharged their paramount duty to ensure the safety of the public.

A ccommodation.

As the Government were desirous that the guests from the different colonies, and from across the seas, should be relieved of the necessity and trouble of endeavouring to obtain suitable board and residence on their arrival, or by post, they made arrangements at the leading hotels, and other places offering accommodation, not excepting rooms placed under offer by private families, for the housing of the visitors. All accommodation was secured by the Government after inspection by an official, and a guarantee given for payment. These arrangements were to cover a period of twelve days. Persons coming from other colonies on the invitation of the Government were informed of the action taken in this respect, and were given ample time to intimate to the General Secretary what, number of rooms, or accommodation they would require. In this way provision was made for the housing of 1,700 persons. This Department was placed under the management of Mr. A. Brooks*    - .......

The Nordeutscher-Lloyd S.S. Company generously placed at the disposition of the Government one hundred of the luxurious cabins on the mammoth liner “ Grosser Kurfurst ” (Great Elector), the largest vessel trading to Australia. With a tonnage of 13,182 tons, her length over deck was 581 feet 6 inches, breadth 62 feet, and depth from upper deck to keel 37 feet, with a forecastle of 82 feet, a bridgehouse amidships of 279 feet, and a poop 111 feet long. The colossal liner, which occupied a berth on the west side of Circular Quay and within easy approach from the main thoroughfares of the city, provided a charming suite of apartments. The accommodation thus afforded was readily taken advantage of by distinguished visitors from other States. One hundred ot the Government guests, among whom were Premiers and Members of Parliament, Supreme Court Judges, prominent Government officials, and members of the Bar, partook of the hospitality of the Company during the period of the festivities. The very kind spirit which prompted the offer of quarters on this floating palace was only another evidence of the genuine sympathy of the German residents with the Australian people in the inauguration of their Commonwealth.

Carriages.

In keeping with the desire to meet every possible convenience, carriages and other vehicles were provided each day for the comfort of the guests, principally the Premiers and Members of Parliament of other States, Church dignitaries, and other distinguished visitors. The limited number of carriages available somewhat restricted the execution of the desires of the Government in this respect. In many instances- carriages, horses, and coachmen,- were generously placed by private citizens at the service of the authorities. These offers were at-once accepted,-and the kindness of the-owners fittingly, acknowledged by-a grateful Government.    — -

The Press.

The impulse which had urged the Prime Minister to provide the metropolitan and visiting Pressmen with special conveniences for carrying out their work was as praiseworthy as the execution of the plan. The work of the newspaper reporter on any occasion is not to be regarded as perfunctory, and more particularly at a time when a great portion of the population are anxiously looking forward to getting a full and accurate account of the celebrations in the Press. No word of merit from the lips of the great men who graced the various festivities with their presence escaped the reporter’s notice ; and no feature of the displays which delighted so many thousands of persons was overlooked. The manner in which every particular was placed before the reading public must have been gratifying alike to the authorities, who evinced so much solicitude for the comfort of the reporters, and to those who awaited the production of a faithful picture of the historic scenes.

The large hall of the Equitable Life Assurance Society’s Building, occupying a central site in the city, was secured by the Government, and transformed into a sort of club for the gentlemen of the Press during the festivities. Every necessity in the way of writing material, newspaper files, telephones, and messengers was provided for. Captain Niesigh, a member of the profession, acted as Secretary, and with a staff of assistants assiduously contributed to the comfort of the visitors. Quite an army of representatives of the Press availed themselves of the Government’s thoughtful hospitality.

In addition to these advantages, each accredited reporter was provided with a silver pendant, on which the word “Press” in raised letters was conspicuous. This gift from the Government, through the Inspector-General of Police, served as a passport to all functions at which officers of the police were present.

The proposal of the Government to give a special entertainment to the gentlemen of the Press at once met with popular applause. It indicated a consciousness that the task of the journalist during the whole period of the celebrations would be to find amusement, not so much for himself as for others. The splendid demonstration, held in the Town Hall, in which no less than 500 participated, was convincing proof that the attitude of the Government towards the Press was warmly appreciated, and that the banquet itself was a fitting climax to the inaugural festivities of the Commonwealth.

1.    The Hon. Sir William John Lyne,



K.C.M.G., M.P.,

Premier and Treasurer.

2.    The Hon. John See, M.P.,

Chief Secretary.

3.    The Hon. F. B. Suttor, M.L.C.,

Vice-President of the Executive Council.

4.    The Hon. B. R. Wise, M.L.C.,

Attorney- General.

5.    The Hon. E. W. O’Sullivan, M.P.,

Secretary for Public Works.

6.    The Hon. J. L. Fegan, M.P.,

Secretary for Mines and Agriculture.

7.    The Hon. T. H. Hassa/I, M.P.,

Secretary for Lands.

8.    The Hon. VV'. P. Crick, M.P.,

Postmaster-General.

Arrival of the Governor-General.


r


^HORTLY after the Earl of Hopetoun had received from Her Majesty the Queen his Commission as Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia, His Excellency, accompanied by Lady Hopetoun, took his departure from England— in the beginning of October, 1900,—by the R.M.S. “China.” In India, where he broke the voyage, with the intention of taking a short holiday before reaching Australia, Lord Hopetoun unfortunately contracted an indisposition which at times gave cause for considerable alarm among the people over whom he had been called upon to preside. After a sojourn of about ten days at Meerut, His Excellency returned to Bombay, whence he proceeded on 26th November to Colombo, where he was the guest of Sir Joseph West Ridgeway, Governor of Ceylon Lord Hopetoun was so ill when he took his departure for the coast that he had to be carried to the train at Meerut and from the station at Bombay to the steamer. And on his arrival at, and departure from, Colombo he was still too weak to walk.

On the voyage from Bombay to Colombo, Lady Hopetoun was also taken ill with a slight attack of fever, and was compelled to remain for a fortnight in Ceylon.

His Excellency’s voyage to Australia was continued in the R.M.S. “ Victoria,” which arrived at Fremantle on 7th December. His Excellency had intended to come from that port to Sydney in the flagship “ Royal Arthur,” of the Australian Squadron, which had been specially despatched for that purpose. By this arrangement Sydney would have been reached on 1 2th December, but owing to the weak state of his health it could not be adopted. Acting on the advice of Major Philson, his medical attendant, who was generously placed at his service by the Viceroy of India, His Excellency continued his voyage by the “Victoria” as far as Largs Bay, in South Australia, where he transhipped to the “ Royal Arthur,” arriving in Port Jackson on 15th December. Lord Ilopetoun’s health slightly improved

on the voyage from Fremantle to Largs Bay, but still he was too weak to undergo the fatigue of transferring himself to the warship, and was therefore carried in a deck-chair covered with cushions. At Perth His Excellency left the following greeting, addressed to the people of Australia :—

Tt is with feelings of pleasure and pride that I greet the people of United Australia. I am, however, deeply conscious of the heavy responsibility that rests upon my shoulders, in that I have been selected as the first representative of Her Majesty in this great Commonwealth. I regret that I should reach its shores with my health temporarily impaired. 1 regret, also, that the serious illness from which she is now mercifully recovering prevents my wife from sharing in the welcome which I know awaits me on landing at the seat of Government. I earnestly trust that by God’s blessing we shall shortly be restored to health, and be able to give our best energies, both mentally and physically, to the services of the union we so sincerely respect and love.

1 he Countess of Ilopetoun, whose illness obliged her to remain behind at Colombo, completed her sea-trip by the R.M.S. “ Rome,” and, coming overland from Adelaide, she arrived in Sydney a few weeks later than the Governor-General.

THE OFFICIAL LANDING.

It appeared to Sir William Lyne that an official landing should be given the Governor-General which would be in every way commensurate with the dignity and importance of the occasion, and befitting Sydney’s position as the leading naval and commercial port of the coming Commonwealth. Arrangements were therefore made that the reception should take the form of a marine pageant, and six warships and a fleet of merchantmen were deputed to meet the “Royal Arthur” a few miles outside Sydney Heads. At 10 o’clock on Saturday morning, the 15th December, the ship-of-war bearing His Excellency, after having been welcomed by a salute of nineteen guns from the escorting warships, entered Sydney Heads Amid the ringing cheers of thousands of persons on the welcoming steamers the “ Royal Arthur” proceeded up the harbour to her moorings in Farm Cove, closely followed by a retinue of vessels in single line, including the Queen’s ships-of-war “Porpoise,” “Archer,” “Boomerang,” “ Karrakatta,” “Torch,” and


COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

the “Ringdove,” and the following merchantmen :—“Peregrine” (Howard Smith & Co.), “Waikare” (Union S.S. Co.), “ Zealandia ” (Huddart, Parker, & Co.), “Newcastle” (N.C. and H.R.S.N. Co.), “Eurimbla” (A.U.S.N. Co.), “ Kallatina” (N.C.S.S. Co.), “Sydney” (N.C. and H.R.S.N. Co.), “ Kasuga Maru ” (Nippon Yusen Kaisha-Japan), the pilot-steamer “Captain Cook” with a Ministerial party on board, the Government steamers “Thetis” and “Dawn,” and innumerable ferry-boats and launches crowded with joyous people.


The harbour was most lavishly decorated on every side with bunting and waving ensigns, while the vessels lying at anchor vied with each other in an assortment of colours floating from their masts. As the “ Royal Arthur” gallantly made her way through the avenue of brilliant decorations, amid the cheers and huzzas of the citizens on heavily-laden steamers, which closely followed at her heels, and the hum and buzz of the whistling ferry-boats around her, she presented a spectacle unique in the history of the Australian Colonies, and one which in all probability may not be witnessed again for many years to come. The much-admired war vessel at length swung into Farm Cove, where the most elaborate preparations, which triumphed in their artistic perfection, had been made by the Government for the official landing.

IN A UGURAL CELEB R A T/ONS.

The day was typically Australian. The heat, which was not excessive, was softened by a gentle breeze, and the bright rays of the morning sun beating upon the metallic fittings of the assembled gunboats, and the tint of the restless waters around them, produced a scene of loveliness and dazzling brilliancy. What a contrast did that historic morn, with its countless craft, merchantmen, and steamboats crowding in the harbour to join in the reception, make with that on which, over a century ago, Captain Arthur Phillip, founder and first Governor of New South Wales, sailed into Port Jackson in the “ Sirius,” followed by her consorts !

1 he “ Royal Arthur ” quietly dropped anchor at her moorings, her sister warships following suit at the respective places assigned to them. Among the numerous vessels which did honour to the Flagship as she majestically steamed up to her anchorage in Farm Cove, were the American training ship “ Glacier,” whose handsome white-painted hull and topdecks glittered in the sunshine, and the German man-of-war “ Moewe.” As the “ Royal Arthur” turned her head towards the landing pontoon, the crew of the “Moewe” manned the yards, presenting a sight so unique in Sydney waters as to instantly evoke a round ot lusty cheers from the spectators.




(Cfr

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

Meanwhile the various bodies, to constitute the procession through the streets to Government House, began to arrive and take up their positions. A special guard of honor from the Royal Australian Artillery, under the command of Major Murray, was drawn up alongside the pavilion, and lined two deep the red-carpeted stairway leading up to the main highway. A Vice-regal salute, at r r’5 a.m., was the signal that the Governor-General had left the warship, and a few minutes later His Excellency stepped on to the pontoon, where he was received by Sir William Lyne, Prime Minister and Colonial Treasurer of the Mother Colony in the group. The cheers of the crowds of citizens who surrounded the landing-place were deafening. Everything in connection with the reception passed off without a hitch. Accompanying His Excellency were Major the Hon. Claude Willoughby (Military Secretary), Captain Corbet (A.D.C.), Major Philson, Captain Wellington (Private Secretary), and Mr. Saville Gore (Assistant Private Secretary).

In officially welcoming the Governor-General to Australia, Sir William Lyne said:

Your Exckllency,—Upon me devolves the extremely pleasant task of welcoming you to Australia, and more especially to New South Wales. On behalf of Australia, and particularly New South Wales, I can assure you that officially and privately, wherever you may go, the heartiest of welcomes await you. It is an honor and a pleasure to greet our beloved Queen’s representative, and our first Governor-General, but it is doubly so when that unique position is held by an old friend to Australia, and one so highly esteemed throughout the length and breadth of our land. We regret extremely that your passage to our shores has been marred by your own and Lady Hopetoun’s illness, and on this account we have refrained from many public demonstrations of pleasure at your safe arrival. We are thankful that you have recovered some of your strength, and trust that in a very short space you will regain your usual health. The landing of our first Governor-General must ever be to us an historical occasion ; and, however great may be the pro-consuls who follow, the advent of none can have quite the same peculiar interest which attaches to to-day, and it is a pleasure to think that this interest will ever centre round one whom we know has such kindly feelings to Australia. It augurs well for the future that at no period of our history was our Queen and Empress nearer to the hearts of the Australian people, or the bond of union with the Motherland more firmly knit than now when we stand at the threshold of a new and larger political life. May your stay with us be as pleasant as we wish it, and as this meeting to-day.



Sir William then presented to His Excellency the gentlemen who were accorded the privilege of being on the pontoon, as follow:—The Hon. F. 13. Suttor, M.L.C., Vice-President of the Executive Council; the Hon. B. R. Wise, Q.C., M.L.C., Attorney-General; the Hon. John See, M.L.A., Colonial Secretary; the Hon. E. W. O’Sullivan, M.L.A., Minister for Works; the Hon. T. H. Hassall, M.L.A., Minister for Lands; the Hon. J. L. Fegan, M.L.A., Minister for Mines and Agriculture; the lion. J. Perry, M.L.A., Minister for Public Instruction; the Hon. W. II. Wood, M.L.A., Minister of Justice; Mr. Edmund Barton, O.C.; and the Right Hon. G. H. Reid, P.C., O.C., M.L.A.

Awaiting His Excellency in the pavilion, a few steps distant from the pontoon, were—The Hon. Sir John Lackey, M.L.C. (President of the Legislative Council), accompanied by Mr. J. J. Calvert (Clerk of the Parliaments), Mr. A. P. Clapin (Clerk Assistant), and Mr. S. M. Mowle (Usher of the Black Rod) ; Mr. J. II. Cann, M.L.A. (the Deputy-Speaker), accompanied by Mr. F. W. Webb, C.M.G. (Clerk of the Legislative Assembly), Mr. R. A. Arnold (Clerk Assistant), Mr. R. W. Robertson (Second Clerk Assistant), Mr. L. J. Harnett (Sergeant-at-Arms), and Mr. W. S. Christie; the Archbishop of Sydney; the Hon. Dr. MacLaurin, M.L.C., Chancellor of the University; Mr. J. M. Purves, M.A., Esquire Bedell of the University;

Mr. II. E. Barft, M.A., Registrar of the University; Professor Anderson Stuart, M.D.; the Hon. Sir Arthur Renwick, M.L.C. ; Mr. R. E. O’Connor, Q.C. ; Mr. Critchett Walker, C.M.G., Principal Under-Secretary; Mr. Hugh Pollock, Secretary to the Attorney-General; Mr. F. Kirkpatrick, Under-Secretary for Finance and Trade; the Hon. J. Hughes, M.L.C.; the Hon. T. Dalton, M.L.C. ; Mr. R. R. P. Hickson, Under-Secretary for Public Works; Major-General French, Captain Dangar, Major Owen, and Major Knox ; the Right Reverend J. C. Macdonald, Moderator of the Presbyterian Church of New South Wales; the Rev. H. Wallace Mort, Military Chaplain; the Rev. William Dill Macky; the Rev. H. Saumarez Smith, Chaplain to the Archbishop; the Rev. W. H. Beale, President of the Wesleyan Conference; the Rev. Dr. Brown, Secretary to the Wesleyan Foreign Missions; the Rev. George Lane, Secretary to the General Conference of Australia of the Wesleyan Methodist Church ; the Rev. James Woolnough, and the Rev. W. Halse Rogers ; Messrs. T. Jessep, W. M. Hughes, S. Smith, J. Ashton, W. Hurley, P. E. Quinn, T. Fitzpatrick, and N. R. W. Nielsen, Ms.L.A.; the Hon. A. P. Matheson, M.L C.

(Western Australia); Mr. A. W. Grimshaw, Metropolitan Engineer, Public Works Department; Sir M. Harris, M.L.A., retiring Mayor of Sydney; Dr. Graham, M.L.A., Mayor-elect of Sydney; Aldermen Griffin, Evan Jones, Lees, Milner Stephen, Waine, Hughes, Ralston, Lindsay Thompson, Ward, Perry, McElhone, Mullins, West, Barlow, Kelly, and Beer (Sydney Municipal Council), and Mr. R. M. M‘C. Anderson, the Town Clerk; the Rev. W. A. Southwell (President), the Rev. Frederick Hibberd (Secretary), Mr. Hugh Dixson (Ex-President), and Mr. Herbert Priestley (Treasurer), of the Baptist Union.

When His Excellency reached the pavilion the Mayor of Sydney stepped forward and said :—“ I have great pleasure in welcoming your Excellency to the citv of Sydney on behalf of the City Council and the citizens of Sydney.”

Lord Hopetoun replied :—“ I thank you very sincerely.”

The Town Clerk then read the following address :—■

To His Excellency the Right Honorable John Adrian Lotris, Earl of Hopetoun, Viscount Athrie, Baron LLope, &c., Knight of the Most Ancient ami Most Noble Order of the Thistle, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, and Privy Councillor, Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Mav it please Your Excellency,—

We, the Mayor, aldermen, and citizens ot the city of Sydney, loyal and dutiful subjects of Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria, hereby tender to your Excellency our most cordial and hearty welcome on the occasion of your arrival to assume the duties of your high office. The appointment as our first Governor-General of one who has so thoroughly identified himself with our aims and aspirations has given us the utmost pleasure and satisfaction, for we recognise that in you our beloved Sovereign has sent us one of her most able and trusted Councillors, and one whom the Australian people have already learnt to honor and esteem. Our prayer is that Almighty God will sustain and guide you in the discharge of the duties of your exalted position, and that Federated Australia may ever strive to prove herself worthy of the best traditions of the Great Empire to which it is our proud boast to belong.

Again offering your Excellency our most sincere and cordial greeting, we are, your Excellency’s most obedient servants,

On behalf of the aldermen and citizens of Sydney,

MATTHEW HARRIS,

Chairman.

Lord Hopetoun made the following response:—

Mr. Mayor and Gentlemen,—

In Her Majesty’s name I thank you very sincerely for your address, and I receive with pleasure your sentiments of loyalty to the Throne and the person of the Queen. I thank you gratefully, also, for the welcome which you have given to me, and also for the expressions of your belief that my appointment to be the first Governor-General will conduce to the benefit of the Commonwealth and the people of Australia at large. I can assure you that all the energy I possess will be devoted, as far as in me lies, to the discharge of the obligations of the high office which I hold, and I join with you in the sincere hope that the Divine blessing may rest on my efforts. (Cheers.)

The official reception having concluded, a procession consisting of the following bodies moved off to the strains of the Lancers’ Band from within the Domain, to Government House, via Macquarie-street, King-street, George-street, Martin-place, Pitt-street, and Bridge-street,—

Police on foot.

Mounted Police.

Section of New South Wales Lancers. Lancets’ Band.

New South Wales Mounted Rifles.

New Zealand Contingent on foot.

Two Sections of Lancers.

Naval and Military Officers.

11 is Excellency’s Mounted Staff.

General Officer Commanding and Headquarters’ Staff.

• His Excellency the Governor-General.

An Escort of Lancers (under Major Vernon). Mounted Police.

His Excellency’s Suite.

The Archbishop of Sydney.    .

The Prime Minister, and his colleagues (Messrs.

See, Suttor, and Wise).

Section of Lancers.

Other Ministers of the Crown.

The President of the Legislative Council.

The Deputy-Speaker of the Legislative Assembly. J udges.

Members of the Legislative Council.

Members of the Legislative Assembly.

The Mayor.

Moderator of the Presbyterian Assembly.

So ended a memorable day—so memorable that many years hence the older inhabitants will call to mind how the capital and the people of the mother State received the first Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia.

The Selection of a Site.


N intervening period of a little over two weeks between the official landing of His Excellency and the day fixed for the Swearing-in Ceremony was busily occupied by the various Committees in completing the preparations for the great event. The Citizens’ Committee and the Government Decoration Committee were particularly assiduous, both day and night, in the ornamentation of the city and the route of the procession.


The most important feature of all, perhaps, was to select the site for swearing-in His Excellency. It was eventually decided that this should take place in the Centennial Park, and on such a spot as would offer a good view to the great mass of persons who it was anticipated would assemble to witness the function. After an inspection of the Park by Sir William Lyne, it was decided to choose the valley to the south of the reservoir, where the rising hills on each side would afford accommodation for hundreds of thousands of persons. The site itself was marked by an octagonal building, richly ornamented, standing in the mouth of the valley, at a distance of about ioo yards from the roadway. Encircling the pavilion was an enclosure providing seats for 7,000 persons, principally guests of the Government, as well as for 300 representatives of the Press, besides stands for photographers, and a large clear space for the array of troops.




INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    29

On the outskirts of this enclosure provision was made for seating 10,coo school children, 1,000 chorus, and 400 choir. The hills rising gently from the enclosure and forming a natural amphitheatre offered magnificent sight-seeing facilities to hundreds of thousands of persons.

The Centennial Park has an area of 767 acres, and was dedicated to the people in 1888, to mark the centenary of the Colony, by the Government of which Sir Henry Parkes was the head. The Park is unparalleled throughout Australia in extent and natural beauty. Its boundaries consist of a continuous chain of hills, and almost form a colossal circle of over four miles in circumference. In parts the hills rise to an altitude of about 200 feet. The base of the Park is encircled by a macadamised road for vehicles and cycles, a wide asphalt path for pedestrians, and a raised turf-covered track about 60 feet in width for equestrians. Broad artificial lakes, formed out of swampy marshes, are conspicuous in different parts of the basin, and ever possess a plentiful supply of fresh water. Prom various points of the surrounding roadway, asphalt tracks run towards the middle of the Park and cross each other at a common centre. The areas thus embraced by the crossways provide recreation grounds for polo, cricket, football, picnics, and other kinds of sport. Clumps of natural trees and arborescent shrubbery, with a well chosen variety of trees planted along the paths and roadways, constitute agreeable shades for horses and vehicles, and pedestrians, and give a romantic touch of the inner Australian bush to this delightful landscape.

ROUTE OF PROCESSION.

The route of the procession, finally agreed to by the Government, was adopted not only because it would afford the best facilities for carrying out what was expected to be the greatest demonstration ever held under the Southern Cross, but also because it would ensure the safety of the many sightseers and convenience the business firms who desired to adorn their premises in a manner becoming the occasion, and would relieve the pressure of the crowds in the narrow streets which

the procession itself would almost completely monopolise. The line of march was a scene of unrivalled beauty with its ornamentations of Venetian masts, triumphal arches, and Imperial trophies, with flags and banners waving, festoons and mottoes —the whole spectacle dazzling the eye of the spectator by the splendour of its magnificence. 1 he route of the procession was five miles in length. For the purpose of producing greater effect the decorations were divided into various sections, each being artistically dressed with emblematical flags and standards of every clime and nation. Commencing from within the Domain gates, near St. Mary’s Cathedral, the line of route passed through Queen’s Square, Macquarie-street, Bridge-street, Pitt-street, Martin-place, George-street, Park street, College-street, Oxford-street, and Boundary-street, Paddington, where it turned into the Centennial Park.

The various bodies of citizens representing different interests and various nationalities diligently utilised the time at their disposal to symbolise either by arches or by other emblems their own and their nation’s rejoicing in the inaugural celebrations. In addition to waving banners and richly-coloured pennons floating-in the breeze, grouped standards representative of all nations and symbols variegated in gold silver, and copper tints, the line of march was decorated with arches emblematical of the various colonial industries and the resources of Australia. The first arch in the ornamentations was the “Coal Arch,” designed by Mr. Alderman Archibald Gardiner, Civil Engineer, Hamilton.

This arch—a rather massive display of 135 tons of coal—represented the coal resources of the northern districts of New South Wales. It was 33 feet wide at the crown, and had a carriage way of 24 feet clear; the springing of the arch (an arc of a circle) being 23 feet above the roadway. The superstructure was raised on two square pillars. On the top of one pillar was a miniature pit-head frame with winding drum and scaffold, while on the other was erected a model of a Guibal ventilating fan. From the dome projected a pennant mast bearing the Miner’s coat of arms (mallet, pick, shovel, prick, and wedge), with the motto “ Labor omnia vine it'' dazzling in the sunlight at its base. Beneath the dome loops of drapery

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.


depended bearing the words “ Newcastle’s welcome to the Governor-General,” while from the masthead on the cupola rising from the centre of the span streamed a beautiful banner with the word “ Newcastle” printed upon it. At night a number of miners’ safety-lamps, lighted by electricity, illuminated the arch, and produced a sparkling and enchanting sight to the rejoicing federalists.

' Passing along the route the next striking feature of the work of the Decoration Committee was a tented colonnade erected round Her Majesty’s Statue in Queen’s Square. In the centre of the colonnade stood a large white obelisk tapering off into a column, and at a height of 70 feet from the ground displaying the Royal Standard. On two sides of the base of this obelisk were British badges, on a third side the Hopetoun badge, and on a fourth side the Australian badge. The obelisk was surrounded by two circles of white fluted marble columns on square bases, bach column of the inner circle was surmounted with a mast flying a Royal

ensign. At some distance below each flag banners emblematical of the British Empire were hung at an acute angle, and arranged so as to form a circle round the column.

The outer ring of eighteen columns was similarly decorated, with the distinction that the flags borne by each column were representative of foreign countries, including Germany, France, Switzerland, the United States of America, Russia, Prussia, Japan, Egypt, Sweden and Norway, Denmark, Belgium, Holland, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Greece, and Turkey.

Suspended between the outer columns were panels painted in the colours of the various visiting Imperial and Indian troops, bearing their names in gold and silver letters Each outer column was ornamented with a bracket in marble bearing a seated lion, and from these brackets all were connected by drooping ropes of greenery supporting coloured electric lights. The inner columns were similarly arranged ; and from the summit of the central obelisk radiating ropes of floral wreathing bore picturesque electric lamps, all neatly joined to the surrounding columns.

Macquarie-street was studded with Venetian masts draped with tricolor streamers—red, white, and blue—and crested with silvered crowns. In the interspace between the masts were hung ropes of greener)’ that commenced a continuous chain




of festoonery along the greater part of the line ot route. At a height of 30 feet was a succession of perforated transoms, embodying frosted globes for night illuminations. On the top of each transom was a semi-circle of lamps for electric light, whilst underneath was hung a double row of coloured globes, which presented a charming picture by day and reflected considerable brilliancy at night. 'I he handsome green-coloured structure covering the facade of the Crown Law Offices, which provided seats for a large number of persons was crowded with spectators. In like manner the capacious balcony of the Mint, situate directly opposite, and the huge stands erected in front of the Sydney Hospital and Parliament House were densely packed ; the variety in colour of the ladies’ costumes largely contributing to the picturesqueness of the scene. Many of the points of vantage in this street




Over the entrance gate to Government 1 louse grounds, at the turning of the line of march into Bridge-street, was erected a floral arch, with emblems in the colours of the Governor-General, covering a space of 50 feet, and flanked by two small side arches of green foliage and flowers. Across the front, on a dark blue ground well raised above the main span, was the word “ Welcome,” written in letters of gold. Above the keystone was placed a handsome crimson satin cushion, with tassels of gold and crimson, on which rested an elegant gold-coloured crown dazzling in the sunlight. Each of the four pillars supporting the superstructure was lavishly decorated with flagpoles, bouquets, and bannerettes, trophies, and garlands of flowers, while at the base were placed native palms, fern leaves, and macrozamia in profusion.



Then came the Wool Arch, about 40 feet in height, which occupied a position in Bridge-street, bordering upon Loftus-street, and not many yards from the site of the modest structure which Governor Phillip erected for a Government House, Its pyramidal design, surmounted by a crown, and the sides and dome thickly covered with scoured wool, were distinctly attractive features of the arch. Standing upon the front cornice piece at the base of the dome, and above the gorgeous inscription “Welcome to the Land of the Golden Fleece,” stood a gigantic ewe and ram well fleeced, as an allegory of the producing interests of the wool-growing community. On each side of the piers were ornaments, on which were inscribed the names of pioneers prominent in the wool-producing enterprise. This arch, which was erected by the Government with the co-operation of the wool-brokers of Sydney, bore testimony to the marvellous development of this industry since the year 1803, when



36    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

Mr. John MacArthur first introduced the “golden fleece” from England to Australia, and fully illustrated the position which wool now occupies as one of the staple products of the Commonwealth.


Standing at the intersection of Bridge-street and Macquarie-place, near the Lands Office, was an arch of most elegant design, to represent the agriculturists of the Colony ; it was elliptic in form, and was designed by Messrs. Rowe and Spain, architects. The tiers forming the abutments were 5 feet square, capped with metal


IN A UGURAL CELEB RA TIONS.


37



domes, the highest eminence being about 40 feet; the crown of the arch was 22 feet in height, while the width of the whole structure was 35 feet. Over the cornice

b

was a well-finished model of a plough, and on the face of the arch, on each side, was inscribed “ Ceres welcomes the Commonwealth.” A representation of Ceres in an ornamental plaster frame, and surrounded by draped flags, was placed on the keystone. The uprights were abundantly decorated with a variety of cereals, shields, and flags ; the spandrils bearing trophies, crossed sickles, and sheaves of wheat. This arch was erected by the representatives of the agriculturists of New South Wales.




The Government Offices and buildings along this portion of the route were unstintingly embellished with the most elaborate ornamentations; the full length of the route being gaily decorated with Venetian masts, drooping strings of greenery and streamers.

Turning into Pitt-street, at the Exchange corner stood an arch unostentatious in design, petite, and beautiful, emblematical of the interest shown in the Inauguration of the Commonwealth by the French citizens of New South Wales, as well as by France herself. On the apex was displayed the coat-of-arms of the French Republic, surmounted by a crown, backed by ensigns of France and Australia, over which floated the tri-colour. On the cap of one of the pillars stood a Gallic cock and another French flag, while on the other rested an emu with the improvised flag of the Australian Commonwealth. Above the inscription “ France welcomes Australian Federation,” and under the National coat-of-arms, was an unwound scroll bearing the motto, “ Pax et Labor.” The Municipal coat-of-arms of Paris were shown on one of the stone pillars of the arch, and the coat-of-arms of the City of Lyons on the other.


From this point to Bond-street the Venetian masts were taken over by the French citizens of Sydney, who made a magnificent display on behalf of the Republic by decorating both sides of the street with greenery and appropriate national mottoes. Names of the large French cities having commercial relations with Australia were also given, each name being surmounted with a mural crown.




COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.


FRENCH ARCH.



Shields alternating with each other on the masts bore a wreath of laurel and oak leaves, encircling the words “ Pro Patria et Orbe,” and beneath this inscription were displayed the names of illustrious Frenchmen.

Continuing from Bond-street to Hunter-street was a colonnade, flanked by masts at intervals of 40 feet, dressed in the colours of Earl Beauchamp, the retiring Governor of New South Wales.

At the intersection of Hunter-street and Pitt-street the American citizens had erected a grand triumphal arch from a special design by Mr. John J. Lough. On one corner of the street, on the eastern side, stood the palatial buildings of the Union Bank, while directly opposite in equally imposing boldness was the Empire Hotel.

Between these two points the American arch was constructed, covering the full width of the street, with a roadway, 22 feet wide by 25 feet high, and leaving on each side a passage for pedestrians. The main span almost reached from building to building, strongly suggesting that the object in choosing this most appropriate position was to indicate in a figurative sense the feeling of the Americans to join together “ the Union and the Empire.”

The groundwork of the arch was covered with green foliage, relieved with white tassels and cords of gold. Each emblem and flag affixed expressed the sentiments of the United States. On the archivolt, on the northern side, was written “ The United States of America greet United Australia,” and on the southern face “ Hail to the New-born Commonwealth.” American shields surrounded by floral wreaths were deftly arranged in the spandrils, and amid a mass of trophies and flags stood the United States coat-of-arms. Upon the entablature which surrounded the structure were festooned frieze and gilded paterae. A lion’s head holding in the mouth a tablet on which was inscribed the year of union—1901—and ornamented on each side with gold tassels, comprised the keystone. In a conspicuous position on the pediment perched an eagle of the United States, whose out-spread wings spanned 16 feet, and from whose golden body the sun’s rays glanced in refulgent splendour, while high in the air at an elevation of 55 feet from an ornamented masthead floated the United States ensign, which proudly opened its colours to the gaze of an admiring people.

From Hunter-street to Martin-place Pitt-street reminded one of the gala days in the great American cities. The Venetian masts which picturesquely bordered each side of the street projected innumerable sprits literally covered with miniature Stars and Stripes. On each sprit, in glittering prominence, was an eagle, the American emblem of liberty and freedom, which gave the spectacle an inspiriting effect. The numerous old-established houses of commerce and representative institutions lining each side of this portion of the route were elaborately decorated with flags, flowers, and greenery, and in many instances shields and mottoes in large attractive letters testified to their desire to do honor to the coming event.


Martin-place was dressed in its best. For the full length of this street, reaching from Castlereagh-street to George-street, an uninterrupted display was made which must vividly live in the memory of the dense crowds of sightseers. The intersection was festooned with groups of four columns at the corners, and the festooning was carried along both streets on a floreated avenue on masts. The colours of His Excellency, Lord Hopetoun, blue and gold, comprised the decoration, while a strong green tint overlapping prevailed. Thousands of small flags fluttered from the closely congregated mastheads, and transoms of electric light globes were hung in orderly succession across the street. To the mastheads were affixed copper brands and shields displaying the arms of the Governor-General.

There is something particularly historic about Martin-place, in that it covers the Tank Stream, in which the youth of old Sydney used to fish, row, and otherwise disport themselves. Over the bed of the stream stands the tower of the General


Post Office, which has an altitude of 260 feet. This tower, at night, was most ingeniously illuminated by a spiral chain of electric light, and could be seen for miles into the suburbs as it raised itself in majestic brilliancy from the centre of such a kingdom of golden light.

Stepping into George-slreet, which in the very early days of the city was called High-street, the effort put forth by the shopkeepers at once dazzled the eye with its brilliant mass of waving bunting on either hand. The Decoration Committee had taken advantage of the electric tram standards for decorative purposes, and the burnished copper discs on the standards flashed a most enchanting sight by day and an ever memorable spectacle at night.

Although this portion of the long route of the procession was the only one in which Venetian masts did not appear, probably owing to the advantage gained by the tram standards, still there was no lack of ornamented mastheads and flag-poles at close intervals jutting from the windows and parapets of the palatial buildings which lined the way; the Citizens’ Committee fully meeting all exigencies in regard to the mural decorations.

The junction of George-street and Park-street was ornamented by a splendid floral and triumphal arch erected by the citizens of Melbourne, and bearing on the archivolt the beautiful inscription, “ Melbourne rejoices in the Commonw'ealth.” On the principal span, as an allegory of peace and plenty, rested cornucopia;, from the mouths of which flowers sprang in great profusion. The arch was handsomely decorated with floral bunting, ribbons, and mastheads flying the Hags of New South Wales, Victoria, Ireland, and Scotland. Above the inscription were the motto and shield of the corporation of Melbourne, all surmounted by the Royal Crown draped with Union Jacks. Among the foliage were also shields showing the Governor-General’s coat-of-arms, while the structure generally was neatly fitted with electric lamps for night illuminations.

Decorations similar to those all along the previous portion of the route were continued in a colonnade of Union Jacks with overhead festooning to Elizabeth-street, where, at its intersection with Park-street, the magnificent arch designed

by Mr: Varney Parkes raised itself in high proportions, and commanded the admiration of the people. 'J he view from George-street was unique. The eye was at once attracted by an avenue of rich foliage in the background, bordering each side of Hyde Park, which displayed to advantage the clever architecture of this imposing structure. Monumental in shape, with a main opening of 2i feet, flanked by two smaller openings, and richly ornamented with figures and paintings allegorical of historic events, the arch fully pourtrayed the lively interest taken by the Citizens’ Committee in the Celebrations.



INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    43


Above the small openings, on the William-street side, were bas-reliefs of the six States constituting the Commonwealth, and over these allegorical pictures, on the sides of the main supports, mottoes by leading public men stood out in bold


prominence From the dome of the arch rose a figure representing Australia with her hand lifted heavenward, immediately behind which a flagstaff and a gorgeous pennon fluttering in the breeze raised itself to a considerable height. Around the figure were cleverly grouped a number of miniature flags. Above the main arch also stood two figures representing New South Wales and Victoria, and at the top of the smaller openings other figures in bas-relief were shown typifying the smaller States in the Union—South Australia, Queensland, Tasmania, and Western Australia. Allegorical displays of cornucopia?, fruits, art, and industry appeared in profusion, while bas-reliefs denoting the commerce of a century ago as compared with that of to-day—a sailing vessel of that period protected by a i 20-gun ship, and vessels of our mercantile marine guarded by one of the modern ironclads—-were also conspicuous among its many ornamentations.




On the city side were six medallions linked with the words of Sir Henry Parkes,

“ The crimson thread of kinship.” Underneath this inscription were bas-reliefs representing the dawn of civilisation in Australia, when the continent first became a dependency of the British Crown, compared with the great progress made up to the present day. The first things on this magnificent structure to strike the eye were four large oil paintings. One picture by F. R. Mahony represented soldiers of the Queen, comprising a lancer, a mounted infantryman, and a member of the First Australian Horse—all mounted. Captain Cook was the subject of a picture by Arthur Collingridge. A third painting, by Tindall, represented the landing of the first Governor under Responsible Government, with Sir William Denison as the central figure. “ The birth of the Commonwealth,” by Wolinski, showed a figure representing New South Wales rising from a bed of native llora, her five sisters standing close by to welcome her.

Among the many mottoes by leading public men which were written in large letters of gold were—

“ A Continent for a Nation, a Nation for a Continent.”—Edmund Barton.

“ May Patriotism ever guard the Union which Nature has ordained and Patriotism has accomplished.”—R. E. O'Connor.

Let free Men dwell together in Unity and Strength.”—B. R. Wise.

“ The inner Secret of Britain’s Empire is her civil freedom. Let Australians look to their heritage.”—Bruce Smith.

“May the Century inaugurated by our Union bring Peace and Plenty to the People.”—J. H. Carruthers.    _

“ May Wise Laws ever Brighten the Homes of the Poor.”—G. H. Reid.

“A Constitution strong as our Race, Liberal as our Age.”—Wm. McMillan.

The ends of the arch were decorated with two bas-reliefs, symbolical of the first Federal Convention and the first Federal Parliament; and on the lining of the large archway, printed in gold-lettering, were the names of the members of the Federal Convention of 1891, while on the opposite side were the names of



COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

the members of the second Federal Convention which framed the Constitution of the Commonwealth. On the city side of the arch were busts of the late Sir Henry Parkes, and of Sir William Lyne, Mr. Edmund Barton, O.C., and the Right lion. G. H. Reid; and on the William-street side, two busts of the late Sir Henry Parkes, a statuette of the late Sir John Robertson, and one of the late Right Hon. W. B. Dailey.

The next feature of importance marking the interest which the German residents of Sydney and the great Empire to which they belong had evinced in the birth of the new nation was an elegantly-constructed arch, which they had spiritedly erected near the turning into College-street. This arch attracted universal admiration, in


-Union is Strength




INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

common with those previously mentioned, and bore on its face the somewhat striking greeting, “ United Germany greets the Commonwealth of Australia,” while on the other side was the motto, “ Einigkeit macht Stark

This handsome structure, which provided for a 24 feet roadway, with a smaller opening at each side, had, over the top of the flank pieces, two medallions, representing Germany and Australia; and above the spring of the arch, in the most ornamental fashion, were ingeniously arranged trophies, typical of the flags of the States comprising the German Confederation. Here, also, were two large Germanic crowns; and at an elevation raised from the centre of the main cornice was a representation of the king of birds, the German eagle. The bird itself measured 8 feet in height, and the spread of its wings about 14 feet. The Imperial standard of Germany floated above all, while on the pillars near the base were emblazoned the coats-of-arms of the German States.


Just before entering Oxford-street, from College-street, stood an imposing white colonnade, which had been erected as a fitting tribute to the “ Military


Forces of the Empire.” The architectural design was a broad entablature and pannelling, with a span of 50 feet, supported at each end by a group of six columns of classic design, each column standing on a massive square pedestal. On the obverse side of the frieze, in large gilded letters, was written “To our Comrades from over the Sea,” while on the reverse, in similarly raised lettering, were the words “ To Our Comrades of the Southern Seas.” The Roval coat-of-arms w:as emblazoned over the middle of the entablatures on the northern face, and the Australian coat-of-arms on the southern. The carriage-way ot the colonnade, between the clustered columns on each side, was 24 feet wide, the height from the ground to the architrave being 30 feet.

I

IICIORI*-

CKNTENN1AL PARK ARCHWAY

Venetian masts flanking the roadwray, and flaunting thousands of miniature standards and streamers, with festoons of greenery and representations of the whole of the British Colonies, continued to beautify the line of march to the top of

Oxford-street, whence the route turned into Centennial Park. At the entrance to the Park, over the principal gate-way, had been erected a most striking floral archway, carried from the outer standards across the central one to decorative panels, and bearing the names of the six States of the Commonwealth. The archway was capped with the Royal Arms, while on the two sides of the architrave were the words “One People—One Destiny.” This appropriate motto recalled to mind verses written, under a similar heading, by the Countess of Jersey when the first Federal Convention met in Sydney in 1891, as follow:—

Where the people, and whence have they sprung, Whose horoscope thus is forecast ?

What sage has written, what minstrel has sung The deeds which they wrought in the past ?

What mothers have born, and what fathers begot The sons who to empire lay claim ?

Did they wrestle with doom, did they conquer with lot, And win them a place and a name ?

Hither they came from the uttermost sea,

The land of the mist and the foam ;

Cradled in hope by the nurse of the free ;

Say have they forgotten their home ?

Their fathers the Sea-Kings bore sway in the North, Their mothers knew nothing of dread,

But smiled as they kissed them and bid them go forth To triumph—with God overhead.

They battled with ocean, tempest and storm,

With loneliness, hunger, and heat,

With nature in many a perilous form And never acknowledged defeat.

They went from the haunt of the savage and beast,

The pasture, the grain, and the gold,

And made a new home for the highest and least To the country they loved of old.

What is the destiny which ye fortell The sons of the men who o’ercame.

What is their gift to the land where they dwell ?

Of glory, of riches and fame ?

Yet young does she stand ’mid the elders of earth,

Her foot on the ladder of fate,

And asks of the children to whom she gave birth What future is hers to await.

Let them when heart has been linked unto heart, The future in calmness abide ;



Let them when hand has with hand taken part, Fear God and fear nothing beside.

Their Queen has the keys of an empire to keep Where sets and where rises the sun—

Their brothers, her wardens, are lords of the deep: One people—their Destiny one.

The view from the Oxford-street entrance to the Park embraced a number of holiday resorts, glimpses of Botany Heads and the waters of Botany Bay. To the right could be seen the Randwick Racecourse, whose bright green tracks and lofty grandstands, surmounted in the background by huge white sandhills, lent additional beauty to the scene; while to the left, the pretty and popular suburb of Randwick, on the hill, was distinctly discernible. High upon the central standard of the main gateway appeared the following inscription :—

This Park was declared “ Dedicated to the enjoyment of the people of New South Wales for ever” on Thursday, 26th January, 1888, by His Excellency The Right Hon. Charles Robert Lord Carrington, P.C., G.C.M.G., Governor of New South Wales, the Governors of the other colonies being present:—

Victoria—Sir Henry Loch, K.C.B., G.C.M.G.

Queensland—Sir Anthony Musgrave, G.C.M.G.

South Australia—Sir William Robinson, G.C.M.G.

Tasmania—Sir Robert Hamilton, K.C.B.

Western Australia—Sir Frederick Broome, K.C.M.G.

New Zealand—Sir William Jervois, C.B., G.C.M.G.

Sir Henry Parkes, G.C.M.G., Chief Minister.


Entering- the Centennial Park the pavilion for swearing--in the Governor-General, situate at the foot of a semi-circle of rising hills, soon caught the eve, 1 he pavilion was octagonal in shape, with eight separate archways, and a flag-pole ascending from the dome to a height of 70 feet from the ground. Each side pier, upon which the arches rested, was composed of Corinthian pilaster, nursed by four columns built and fluted in Ionic style. From these columns the arches sprang, and surmounted the arcade with a handsome modillioned cornice, while the contour of the building was marked by heavy frieze.

On each of six sides was picturesquely written the name of one of the States in the Commonwealth; the seventh had neatly worked upon it the word “Australia” ; while on the eighth was the year of Australian Union—“A.D. igor,” the whole being artistically finished with cast models of the Queen’s head and representations of the Imperial coat-of-arms. Two flights of steps led up to the floor of the pavilion, which was raised to a height of 6 feet from the ground, and abutting from each pilaster, and depending to bases on the ground, were spreading consoles adorned with fine casts of powerful lions. The main spandril was embellished with Australian flora treated conventionally, while the interior of the dome was panelled and chastely enriched. Embedded in ihe ground, and allowing sufficient of the top to project a few inches above the flooring-boards, in the very centre of the pavilion, was a six-sided block of granite, over which stood the table that was to be used at the ceremony. T his stone represented the six contracting colonies in the federation, and is now historic as the Commonwealth Stone.

rl he whole of the arches constructed by the Government, together with the decorations of the streets and public buildings, were designed by Mr. W. I.. Vernon, Government Architect, and were erected under the supervision of that officer and his assistant, Mr. A. J. Purdue.

The handsome pavilion at the Official Landing-place in Farm Cove was designed by Mr. John Barlow, President of the Institute of Architects.

Xv

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The Procession.


sO soon as the Government had decided t that the inaugural demonstration should be held on a most magnificent scale, the War Office was requested, through the Secretary of State for the Colonies, to send a thousand picked men from the various corps in the Imperial Army, together with one hundred from the Indian forces, drawn principally from Punjab, Bengal, and Bombay, to assist the local forces and the returned troops from the seat of war in South Africa to give eclat to the historic spectacle.

On 12th November, the S.S. “Britannic” left Portsmouth with 1,000 troops, representative of all branches of the British Army, on board, and arrived in Port Jackson on December 22. On the same date the S.S. “Dalhousie,” of the Royal Indian Marine Service, arrived with 100 commissioned and noncommissioned officers of the native soldiery. The Imperial troops were distinguishable by their brilliant and varied uniforms, while the Indian contingent, which included Jangia Thapa—who had acted as orderly to Lord Roberts in Afghanistan—were clad in serviceable khaki, and turbaned in Oriental style. The whole of the troops disembarked on the day of their arrival, at 2^30 p.m., and were marched to the Agricultural Grounds, where the Government had provided every comfort for their accommodation. As the visitors passed through the streets, they were greeted with demonstrations ot enthusiasm.

The arrangements for the great procession having been completed, a table of precedence for the occasion, was submitted by Lord Hopetoun to Sir William Lyne, as follows:—

TABLE OF PRECEDENCE.

1.    The Governor-General.

2.    The Governor of a State within his own province.

3.    The Naval Commander-in-Chief.

4.    Visiting Governors, according to the population of their States.

5.    Chief Justices of the High Court, and Chief Justices of the States visiting Sydney.

6.    The Cardinal and Primate.

7.    The Prime Minister of the Commonwealth, and the Premiers of the various States and Colonies.

8.    The other Ministers of the Commonwealth, and the Ministers of the various States and Colonies.

9.    The President of the Legislative Council and Presidents of the other State Councils.

10.    The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly and Speakers of the other State Assemblies.

11.    Privy Councillors.

12.    The Judges of the Supreme Court of New South Wales and of the other States.

13.    Executive Councillors allowed to retain the title of “ Honorable.”

14.    Baronets.

15.    Gentlemen holding the various Orders of Knighthood, according to the precedence of those Orders.

16.    The Members of the Legislative Council of New South Wales and the other States according to

population.

17.    The Members of the Legislative Assembly of New South Wales and the other States, according to

population.

18.    The Mayor of Sydney and the other State Capitals.

19.    The Official Consuls.

20.    The Ex-members of the Executive Council of New South Wales.

21.    Heads of the various Churches.

22.    The District Court Judges.

At an early hour on the morning of the 1st January, the date appointed for the swearing-in ceremony, thousands of people were pouring in from the suburbs to take their places on the line of route, the privileged and well-to-do on seats and stands, and others by the roadside. Soon after 9 o’clock the military forces, members and officers of Parliament, State Officials, and the various bodies invited to take part in the procession, assembled in the Domain, where they were marshalled into position, —the police under the supervision of Inspector-General Fosbery, the military under the supervision of Major-General French, and the remaining portion of the procession by Mr. A. Edward, Chief Inspector of Traffic.

Inside the capacious enclosure there was at once a scene of animation, the passing to and fro of the processionists, the marching and counter-marching of troops and “war-worn veterans,” to the sound of military music, and within an hour every arrangement was so complete that the order was given to move off. The day

was all that could have been expected after the previous night’s rainstorm. As the “Great Parkes” in the Post-office tower chimed out the hour of io, with the sun if anything a little warm, and the atmosphere of necessity slightly muggy and discomforting, the greatest pageantry ever witnessed in the Southern Hemisphere started on its way. Guns boomed and bells chimed to signalise the starting of the procession. The long expected pageant moved in stately majesty along its appointed course, and the bright rays of the sun beating upon the brilliant uniforms of the soldiery presented a picture of unsurpassed magnificence. The tramp of horses and marching men soon resounded along the wood-blocked streets.

As His Excellency was pleased to select a position at the rear, the procession had necessarily to be marshalled in reversed order, as follows:—

A section of Mounted Police.

A squadron of Lancers.

TRADES-UNION SECTION.

Railway Band.

Eight-IIour Banner.

Marshal of the Trades-Unions (mounted).

Allegorical Car, drawn by six horses, representing Industry, each horse led by a delegate from the Federating States.

Thirty Mounted Shearers, leading pack-horses, and clothed in bush attire.

Ten Broken Hill Silver-miners, in blue dungaree, carrying hammers and drills. Their hats bore the A.M.A. badge.

Ten Coal-miners, from Newcastle, Bulli, Lithgow, andCapertee, all in working garb, with lamp and pick. Ten Gold-miners, from Braidwood, Stuart Town, Cobar, and Reno ; white costume with red sash, and tools of trade.

Five Tin-miners, armed with “ bucking horse,” pick, shovel, and other implements.

Ten Painters and Dockers, clad in dungatee, carrying ship-painting and cleaning tools.

Ten Furniture Trade members, with tools of the trade and miniature samples of furniture.

Ten Painters, bearing the tools of trade on poles, each wearing the Union badge.

Ten Tailors, wearing the Society’s emblem—the fig leaf.

Ten Slaughtermen and Journeymen Butchers, clad in dungaree, and armed with knife and pole-axe.

Ten Federated Seamen (five firemen and five seamen), clad in working garb, carrying marlin-spike, cable, shovel, slice, and rake.

Ten Bakers, white capped and aproned, with the Society’s distinctive sash.

Ten United Labourers, clad in white, and wearing a blue sash with the letters U.L.P.S. printed in gold.

Ten Amalgamated Engineers, carrying a bannerette, indicating the establishment of the Society in 1851, with a membership of 87,000. The men wore a red sash, and each was armed with an engineering implement.

Ten Wharf Labourers, in full working garb, each with his wool hook.

Ten Operative Stonemasons, bearing the square and compass, hammer, chisel, lewis, and other implements of their craft.

Ten Pressers, each with miniature working tools.

Ten Glass Workers, bearing implements of their industry, blow-pipes, ring-irons, and the “ pintle bottle.”

Ten Coopers, garbed in working order, with cap and leather apron, and bearing specimens of their handicraft, as well as the trade tools.

Ten Plasterers, wearing the Union’s badge.

Ten Gas Stokers, in working garb, and armed with the implements of their calling, including long shovels and rakers.

Ten Ironmoulders, distinguished by a commemorative medal struck for the occasion.

THE EXECUTIVE OFFICERS.

Two carriages, with the executive officers of the Trades and Labour Sectional Committee: Messrs. T. H. Thrower (President, Sydney Labour Council), E. Riley (President, Political Labour League), J. E. West (President of the Trades-hall), J. P. Cochrane (Secretary, Sydney Labour Council), and secretary to the Committee. A. M‘Dougall, R. Slater (New Zealand), and J. R. Talbot.

THE FRIENDLY SOCIETIES.

Carriage, with executive officers of the Friendly Societies’ Association of New South Wales, including Messrs. T. J. lredale (president), I. Grecnstreet (vice-president), G. Hawke (treasurer), and P. Forbes (secretary).

Carriages, with Grand Masters and Grand Secretaries of the various Friendly Societies in the different States.

Carriages, with upwards of sixty delegates from the following Societies :—

Oddfellows, Manchester Unity.

Oddfellows, Grand United Order.    -

Oddfellows, National Independent Order.

Ancient Order of Druids.

Protestant Alliance, with the No. 1 Order.

Loyal Protestant Benefit Society of Australia.

Independent Order of Rechabites.

Sons and Daughters of Temperance.

Ancient Order of Foresters.

Order of Royal Foresters.

Irish National Foresters.

Australian Holy Catholic Guild.

Hibernian Catholic Benefit Society.

Marine Benefit Society.

THE FIRE BRIGADE.

Nine steamers from the stations under control of the Metropolitan Fire Brigade.

Hose carriage.

Two ladders.

Express waggon, carrying the superintendent, Mr. Webb, chairman of the Board, Mr. C. Bown, and the deputy-superintendent, Mr. G. N. Sparkes.

HEADS OF RELIGIOUS BODIES.

The Salvation Army.—Commandant Booth, with Colonel Peart (chief secretary), Brigadier Gilmour (general secretary); and Brigadier Saunders (architect and builder to the Army in Australia), its oldest officer.

Congregational.—The Congregational Union, represented by Rev. Dr. Fordyce (chairman, N.S.W.), Rev. A. J. Griffiths, Rev. N. J. Cocks, and Rev. G. Campbell.

to®


Baptist.—Presidents of the Baptist Union, representing the four States—Rev. W. A. Southwell (N.S.W.), Rev. A. Steele (Vic.), Rev. C. Boyall (Queensland), and Rev. R. M'Cullough (South Australia). Church of England.—Bishop Green, of Brisbane; Bishop Harmcr, of Adelaide; Bishop Webber of Ballarat.

Church of Christ.—Rev. Pastor Herlitz (Vic.), president of the General Lutheran Synod of Australia ;

Rev. T. J. Sore, Church of Christ (S.A.); Rev. G. T. Walden, Church of Christ, Sydney.

Javish.—Rabbi Davis, Rabbi Landau, and Rabbi Wolinski.

THREE PRESS DRAGS.

CANADIAN STATE CAR.

The Canadian State Car, drawn by six horses, allegorically representing the unity of the nation, and Canada’s greetings.

ITALIAN STATE CAR.

Italian group of figures on a triumphal car, conveying greetings to the Commonwealth.

MAYORS OF METROPOLITAN CITIES.

Dr. Graham, M.P. (Mayor of Sydney), accompanied by Mr. R. M‘C. Anderson (Town Clerk).

Mr. S. Gillott, M.P. (Mayor of Melbourne), accompanied by Mr. John Clayton (Town Clerk).

Mr. J. N. Robinson (Mayor of Brisbane), accompanied bv Alderman S. E. Lees (senior alderman pf Sydney Municipal Council).

Mr..A. W. Ware (Mayor of Adelaide), accompanied by Mr. J. G. Ellery (Town Clerk).

Lieut.-Colonel J. G. Davies, M.P. (Mayor of Ilobart, and Chairman of Committees of the House of Assembly), accompanied by Mr. J. W. C. Hamilton (Town Clerk).

Alderman of Sydney Municipal Council, and of Councils of other Australian cities.

MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT.

A large number of members of the Legislative Assembly of New South Wales, and of the Lower Houses of other States, including:—

The Right Honorable G. II. Reid (leader of the Opposition), New South Wales.

The Right Honorable Sir Edward Braddon (leader of the Opposition), Tasmania.

Several Legislative Councillors of New South Wales, and of other colonies.

UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY.

The Hon. Dr. MacLaurin, M.L.C. (Chancellor), and with him the Hon. Sir Arthur Renwick, M.L.C.

JUDGES.


Mr. Justice Owen.

Mr. Justice A. H. Simpson.


Mr. Justice Cohen. Mr. Justice Walker.




SPEAKERS OF LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES.

The Hon. W. M‘Court (New South Wales), accompanied by Mr. F. W. Webb, C.M.G., Clerk of the Assembly; Mr. Richard A. Arnold, Clerk Assistant; Mr. R. W. Robertson, Second Clerk Assistant; and Mr. L. J. Harnett, Sergeant-at-Arms.

The Hon. J. C. .Mason (Victoria), accompanied by Mr. W. V. Robinson, C.M.G., Clerk of the Assembly; Mr. C. G. Duffy, Clerk Assistant; Mr. W. G. Watson, Second Clerk Assistant; and Mr. G. E. Upward, Sergeant-at-Arms.

The lion. Arthur Morgan (Queensland), accompanied by Mr. L. A. Bernays, C.M.G., Clerk of the Assembly; and the Hon. C. G. Holmes a’Court, Clerk Assistant and Sergeant-at-Arms.

The Hon. Sir Jenkin Coles (South Australia), accompanied by Mr. F. Halcomb, Clerk of the Assembly, and Mr. Alfred Searcey, Assistant Clerk and Sergeant-at-Arms.

The Hon. N. J. Brown (Tasmania), accompanied by Mr. J. K. Reid, Clerk of the Assembly and Librarian.

PRESIDENTS OF LEGISLATIVE COUNCILS.

The Hon. W. J. Trickett (New South Wales), representing the President, Sir John Lackey ; accompanied by Mr. J. J. Calvert, Clerk of the Parliaments; Mr. A. P. Clapin, Clerk Assistant; and Mr. W. I.. Edwards, representing the Usher of the Black Rod.

The Hon. Sir William Zeal (Victoria), accompanied by Mr. G. H. Jenkins, C.M.G., Clerk of the Parliaments.

The Hon. Sir Richard Baker (South Australia), accompanied by Mr. E. G. Blackmore, Clerk of the Parliaments.

The Hon. A. Douglas (Tasmania), accompanied by Mr. E. C. Nowell, Clerk of the Council.

MINISTERS OF THE COMMONWEALTH.

The Hon. Edmund Barton, Q.C., Prime Minister of the Commonwealth, and Minister of State for External Affairs.

The Hon. A. Deakin, Attorney-General and Minister of State for Justice in the Commonwealth.

The Right Hon. Sir George Turner, Treasurer in the Commonwealth and Prime Minister of Victoria.

The Right Hon. C. C. Kingston, Minister of State for Trade and Customs in the Commonwealth.

The Hon. J. R. Dickson, Minister of State for Defence in the Commonwealth and Chief Secretary in the Queensland State Government.

The Right Hon. Sir John Forrest, Postmaster-General in the Commonwealth and Prime Minister of West Australia.

The Hon. N. E. Lewis, Minister (without portfolio) in the Commonwealth and Prime Minister of Tasmania.

The Hon. R. E. O’Connor, Q.C., Minister (without portfolio) in the Commonwealth.

The Hon. F. W. Holder, Prime Minister of South Australia.

The Right Hon. R. Scddon, Prime Minister of New Zealand, with Maori escort.

The Hon. R. Philp, Prime Minister of Queensland, with escort

The Hon. F. B. Suttor, Vice-President of the Executive Council, New South Wales



M


INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.




The Hon. B. R. Wise, Q.C., Attorney-General, New South Wales.

The Hon. John See, Colonial Secretary,    ,,

The Hon. E. W. O’Sullivan, Minister lor Works,    ,,

The Hon. T. H. Hassall, Minister for Lands,    „

The Hon. W. II. Wood, Minister of Justice,    ,,

The Hon. W. Gurr, Postmaster-General and Minister for Public Instruction, Victoria. The Hon. J. Carroll, Minister for Native Affairs, New Zealand.

The Hon. G. T. Collins, Chief Secretary, Tasmania.

THE PRIMATE OF AUSTRALIA.

The Primate of Australia, accompanied by the Rev. H. Saumarez Smith (chaplain).

POLICE.

Mounted Police (147 men), forming advance guard and flankers, under Superintendent Garvin, assisted by Inspector Latimer and Sub-inspectors Fowler and Sykes.

MILITARY.

Colonial Troops.

New South Wales Lancers, two sections (16 men), under Sergeant Moore,' Parramatta No. 2 Squadron.

Major

F. T. Baynes, R.A.A., commanding.


Lieutenant-Colonel A. P. Penton, R.A., Local Commandant, N.Z., commanding.


Cadets (Senior Public Schools), 305 lads, under Colonel Paul and Q.-M.S. Smith. Royal Australian Artillery Band (30 performers), under Band-Sergeant McCarthy. Royal Artillery Guard of Honor (100 men), under Captain Morris, R.A.A. Returned Troops of the New South Wales South African Contingent (2 officers and 85 men), under Major Savage, R.A.A.

Soudan Contingent (100 men).

Retired Officers and Men of H.M. Army and Navy, under Lieutenant Green, Reserve of Officers.    --

Intercolonial Contingents.

Ambulance Waggon.

Queensland Band.

Queensland Contingent (143 men), under Colonel King.

Tasmanian Contingent (103 men), under Major Cameron.

West Australian Contingent (107 men), under Major Hope.

Police Band (under Band-Sergeant Bradley).

South Australian Contingent (127 men, artillery, infantry, and cadets, and 15 7 officers), under Major Scrivener; and 30 Mounted Rifles, under Captain J. Humphreys.

Victorian Military Band (56 performers), Lieutenant Riley, bandmaster.

Victorian Contingent (640 men), under Colonel Williams.

Southland (N.Z.) Pipers.

New Zealand Contingent (150 men), under Major Hawkes.

Stretcher Party.



INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.


The Indian Troops.


Band of the Australian Horse (22 performers), under Sergeant J. Yale. Other English Officers.—Captain Campbell, Captain Henegan, Major Lieutenant Pocock.

Contingent.—100 Officers and N.C. Officers.—Cavalry, 52 ; Infantry, 48.


Scott


,1


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61



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J

vX. .# XL* JJ|

it uV' «

X


V


THE INDIAN TROOPS IN BRIDGE-STREET.

The Imperial Contingent.

Band, New South Wales Lancers.

Staff.—Three Officers and Seven Men.

Captain Evelyn Wood (Scottish Rifles).

Hon. Lieutenant and Quartermaster W. H. Collins (King’s Dragoon Guards). Regimental Sergeant-Major Laughton (21st Lancers).

Royal Horse Artillery, V. Battery (56 men), with two guns and one waggon, under Major J. B. H. Askwith, Lieutenant Dixon.


Household Cavalry (ist and 2nd Life Guards, Royal Horse Guards), 24 men, under Captain G. C. Wilson.

ist King’s Dragoon Guards (24 men), under Second Lieutenant W. T. V. W. Wood. 7th Hussars (22 men), under Lieutenant Viscount Cole.

21 st Lancers (20 men), under Lieutenant R. H. Dick-Cunyngham.

Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry (26 men), under Major Fitz. R. P. Goddard, Second Lieutenant W. F. Fuller.

Royal Field Artillery, 10th Field Battery, with two guns (56 men), under Second Lieutenant G. A. H. Hill.

Royal Engineers, with waggons (with balloon section) and pontoons (54 men), under Captain Powell, Second Lieutenant T. H. L. Spaight.

Band, Highland Light Infantry (34 men), under Bandmaster Evans.

Royal Garrison Artillery (43 men), under Second Lieutenant W. D. Warrington-Morris.

Grenadier Guards (23 men), under Captain G. C. W. Heneage.

Coldstream Guards (23 men), under Lieutenant the Hon. L. d’H. Hamilton.

Scots Guards (23 men), under Second Lieutenant Lord Falconer.

Irish Guards (23 men), under Second Lieutenant R. C. A. M'Calmont.

Second Queen’s Royal West Surreys (23 men), under Lieutenant B. T. Churcher. Third East Kent Bud's (23 men), under Lieutenant INF. S. Williams.

Somerset Light Infantry (23 men), under Lieutenant C. E. Chichester.

Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry (21 men), under Lieutenant A. P. Williams-Freeman.

Northumberland Fusiliers (23 men), under Major J. F. Riddell.

Royal Fusiliers (23 men), under Second Lieutenant A. C. Chichester.

Roval Welsh Fusiliers (20 men), under Second Lieutenant A. R. H. Rycroft. Royal Irish Fusiliers (22 men), under Lieutenant M. B. C. Carbery.

Scottish Rifles (Cameronians), 23 men, under Captain R. Oakley.

King’s Royal Rides (23 men), under Captain J. II. G. Feilden.

Royal Irish Rides (23 men), under Second Lieutenant C. M. L. Becher.

Ride Brigade (23 men), under Lieutenant R. P. H. Bernard.

Pipers of different Scottish Corps.

Royal Highlanders (the Black Watch), 24 men, under Lieutenant Green.

Seaforth Highlanders (Rothshire Buffs), 24 men, under Captain E. A. Cowans. Highland Light Infantry (24 men), under Captain S. W. Scrase-Dickins.

Cameron Highlanders (Queen’s Own), 24 men, under Second Lieutenant J. M. Dougall.

Army Service Corps (11 men), under Second Lieutenant F. W. D. M'Lean.

Royal Army Medical Corps (10 men), under Captain P. H. Whiston, Lieutenant D. O. Hyde.

> Military Chaplains.


Lieutenant-Colonel W. G. Crole Wyndham, C.B. (21st Lancers), commanding.


Rev. A. J. Townsend (Church of England).^ Rev. T. Foran (Catholic).

Rev. R. W. Allen (Wesleyan).

Rev. T. H. Chapman (Presbyterian).

vv.


INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

Army Ordnance Corps (4 men), under Captain C. W. Mathew, D.C.O.

Army Pay Department (2 men), under Captain F. W. Hill.

4th Norfolk Battalion of Militia (45 men), under Major O. H. Fisher, Lieutenant R. O. Sutherland.

ist Volunteer Battalion of Devon Regiment (23 men), under Captain and Hon. Major F. W. Harding, V.D.

ist Middlesex Rifle Volunteers (Victoria and St. George’s), 22 men, under Lieutenant C. R. Davies.


Ambulance Waggon.

Band of the “Royal Arthur,” under Bandmaster Bellizzi; 100 men, Royal Navy; 100 Royal Marines (Captain Deed), Lieut. Marshall, R.N., in command.

Mounted Orderlies, drawn from the ist Australian Horse, X.SAV. Lancers, and N.S.W. Mounted Rifles.


Unattached and Reserve Officers of New South Wales Military Forces.

Colonel Holborow,    V.D., 3rd Infantry Regiment.

Major Hickson, Civil Service Volunteer Corps.

Major Cracknel!, Reserve of Officers.

Major J. Randal Carey, Reserve of Officers.

Major Gould, V.D., 4th Infantry Regiment (seconded).

Captain Thomas, Reserve of Officers.

Lieutenant Burns, Reserve of Officers.

Lieutenants Tedder and Thompson, of the Permanent Cavalry.

Visiting Officers (on Foot).

Major Blackshaw.

Captain Talbot.

Lieutenant Reynolds.

Lieutenant Stephens.

Visiting Officers (Mounted).

From Victoria.— Colonel Hacker, Lieutenant-Colonel Hughes, Major Watson, Captain McColl, and Captain Fraser.

From South Australia.—Colonel Lovely, Lieutenant-Colonel Deane, and Major Beach.

From Tasmania.—Lieutenant-Colonel Evans and Lieutenant-Colonel Martin.

From Wtst Australia.—Lieutenant-Colonel McWilliam.

From Queensland.—Lieutenant Macartney.

Captain Chapman, N.S.W. 2nd Infantry Regiment, Marshaling Officer, also rode with this detachment.

Visiting Commandants, each preceded by a Staff Officer.

Victoria.—Major-General Downes ; Staff Officer, Colonel Hoad.

South Australia.—Brigadier-General Gordon ; Staff Officer, Colonel Stewart.

Tasmania.—Colonel Legge; Staff Officer, Captain Parker, Fd., A.D.C.

A.D.C. of G.O.C.—Captain Dangar.

New South Wales Headquarter Staff.

Colonel Mackenzie, A.A.G. and C.S.O.; Colonel Taunton, A.Q.M.G.; Colonel Roberts, C.M.G., A.D.C.

to the Queen, Military Secretary; 2nd Lieutenant Granger, Chief Clerk.

Major-General French, C.M.G., R.A.

THE ADMIRAL.

His Excellency Admiral Pearson and staff.

THE LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR'S SUITE.

Major Willoughby (Military Secretary) and Captain Corbet (A.D.C).

Mrs. Corbet, Captain Dufl (extra A.D.C.), Mr. Saville Gore (Assistant Private Secretary).

THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL.

Ilis Excellency the Governor-General, accompanied by Captain Wnllington (Private Secretarv) and Major Philson, with an escort of Lancers, Mounted Infantry, and Mounted Police.

Escorts ol Lancers, Mounted Infantry, and Mounted Police accompanied the gentlemen in carriages.

As the Governor-General’s carriage, drawn by four horses ridden by postillions richly dressed, and attended by grooms in gold-embroidered livery, approached the starting point, the sound of joy bells and of children singing in the distance could be heard. It was a choir of 4,000 school children singing from a raised platform fronting St. Mary’s Cathedral the beautiful hymn composed by Mr. P. E. Quinn, M.L.A., and set to music by Mr. J. A. Delaney, with the 2nd Regiment band accompanying. By arrangement His Excellency stopped his carriage for a few moments to listen to the sinking of the hymn, as follows :—

Hark, in the north, where the Nations are, Where their time-stained banners toss,

A ivord is heard, and the White North Star Smiles out on the Stars of the Cross.

Fair and strong from the lap of time We have leaped to our destiny;

Let our names go forth to every clime,

And be shouted from sea to sea.

What does the future hold ?

What light for the dawn-flushed face ? Lord, in Whose hand the Nations lie, Lord, let Thy gift be Grace !

Last of the Powers of earth are we, Youngest and fairest born ;

We shall lord it over a mighty sea,

And many an Isle of Mom.

Ours is the future, ours to reap

The crops that the South makes sweet,

No path of glory, or fame, too steep For the tramp of our Nation’s feet.

What does the future hold ?

Not tyranny, slavery, shame.

Lord, in Whose hand the Nations lie. Lord, let Thy gift -be Fame!

Ilail to the Commonwealth, mighty, free;

Now beginning its march sublime,

Over a continent and a sea Ruler unto the end of time.

Dowered with beauty, with strength, with light,

Australia, girdled with sun-bright gold,

Forward, sweep on your march of might,

God’s star shine on your forehead bold !

What does the future hold

For the land of the Golden Fleece ?

Lord, in Whose hand the Nations lie.

Lord, let Thy gift be Peace!

Distinguished visitors and leading public men, riding in gorgeous carriages, naturally attracted much attention. A number of regiments of cavalry with their bands had already succeeded each other amid the plaudits of a people filled with affection for the nation’s first line of defence.

Wrought to a high pitch of expectation, the crowds waited eagerly for the central figure of this brilliant and enchanting sight. The appearance of the Governor-General was the signal for prolonged cheers and acclamations, which were repeated at frequent intervals as the procession passed by, and IIis Excellency accepted the tributes of loyalty with marked demonstrations of delight.

The visiting troops were conspicuous by their handsome uniforms, their martial bearing, and first-rate marching. The (lower of the British Cavalry—the Life Guards, Dragoon Guards, and Horse Guards, with a bountiful supply of Royal Horse Artillery, Coldstream Guards, Grenadier Guards, and Scot Guards, Highlanders, Hussars, and Fusiliers—-were in themselves sufficient to make the procession a remarkable feature of a remarkable event. The Indian officers were splendidly mounted, their gorgeous native regimentals adding lustre to the pageant, and as the regiment, which represented almost all the different races of the Indian Empire, came into view, the admiration of the people rose to an unexampled height. Each section in turn was greeted with enthusiastic cheering. But the most thrilling moment had yet to come.

As the great cortege stretched itself along Macquarie-street, cheer after cheer rent the air from the dense crowds that congregated at Parliament House and on the roadside to see the mighty force of the Empire personified. It was a stirring scene, and one which made the pulse beat faster. The sturdy representatives of “the guardians of peace” with their variegated uniforms of red, blue, and khaki, and glistening helmets, among whom were men who had participated in the recent campaign in South Africa, and the veterans of the Soudan, were the cynosure of all eyes. And as they moved along between the unbroken lines ot a joyous people, and the procession increased in stateliness and beauty, the lusty cheers which filled the air acclaimed them as brothers in patriotism and loyalty as well as in the kinship of race


68    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

From every housetop and masthead floated a Union jack or fluttered flags and bunting, and wherever timber could be safely fashioned into seats along the line of route there stands had been erected for the occupants to view the moving column. Some of the stands were of immense sue, and provided accommodation for ten thousand persons, whilst others were erected on house-tops and roofs of Government offices and some covered the porches of churches and the doorways of private dwellings. The chorus of acclamation which greeted the British army in miniature was passed on and readily taken up by the crowds that thronged the way.

The mighty cavalcade wound its way without hitch or interruption to the site on which the crowning ceremony was to take place, where hundreds of thousands of persons had arranged themselves hours before the time appointed for the Swearing-in.


INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

69


As the procession moved towards the pavilion the scene was unequalled in splendour, and evoked prolonged shouts of joy from a countless and loyal people. At noon precisely, amid the plaudits of the great concourse of people, the Vice-regal carriage stopped at the entrance to the avenue leading to the pavilion. Here was a spectacle of all the splendour and magnificence of the day, for as His Excellency stepped from his carriage, the picture of the procession with all its pomp and circumstance was rivalled by a scene of indescribable grandeur and dignity.

The sides of the pavilion were guarded by a cordon of “ gentlemen-at-arms,” in their crimson cloth coats with heavy metal adornments, while the broad carpeted pathway which led up to the dais was lined with a guard of honor composed of a double rour of splendidly-uniformed troops from the Permanent Artillery men and the Naval Brigade.

'he Ceremony.


<T"

OR I.) HOPETOUN was accompanied to the - pavilion by His Excellency Rear-Admiral Pearson and by Captain Wallington, Private Secretary, and received at the foot of the steps by Sir William Lyne and the members of his Administration. Precisely at i o’clock, accompanied by Sir William I.yne, His Excellency entered the pavilion, where he was received by the Lieutenant-Governor, Sir Frederick Darley, K.C.M.G.

Among those present in the pavilion were the Lieutenant-Governor of South Australia, Sir Samuel Way; the Lieutenant-Governor of Queensland, Sir Samuel Griffith, His Grace the Archbishop of Sydney, and Mr. E. G. Black-more, Clerk of the Parliaments of South Australia, who had acted as Clerk to the Federal Convention.

In the archways stood judges in their robes of scarlet and Prime Ministers in appropriate dress, while in the centre, on the raised floor or dais, were placed the historic table and silver inkstand used by Queen Victoria when Her Majesty assented to the Bill of the Imperial Parliament for constituting the Commonwealth of Australia.

•A



INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.


Meanwhile the military, members and officers of Parliament, and the representatives of the various organizations in the procession moved round to the respective places reserved for their accommodation. The sun burst forth in radiant beams, tempered by a gentle breeze, as the Governor-General stepped forward to the table and placed his foot upon the Commonwealth Stone near the large guilded chair that was provided for him. The scene was one glorious to behold, solemn and magnificent in its grandeur. The appearance of His Excellency, attired in full court dress and wearing the various orders of his rank, was the signal for a display of the warmest enthusiasm by the hundreds of thousands of spectators, and the spontaneity of the demonstration evidenced full well the cordiality with which he was received.

His Excellency bowed his acknowledgments to the people with his native grace, and, making a sign to the Archbishop of Sydney, the ceremony then began.


The united choir sang the hymn,—

O GOD, our help in ages past,

Our hope for years to come,

Our shelter from the stormy blast,

And our eternal home;

Under the shadow of Thy throne Thy saints have dwelt secure ;

Sufficient is Thine arm alone,

And our defence is sure.

Before the hills in order stood,

Or earth received her frame,

From everlasting Thou art God,

To endless years the same.

O God, our help in ages past,

Our hope for years to come;

Be Thou our guard while life shall last,

And our eternal home. Amen.

An awe-inspiring silence fell over the vast throng as His Grace, with hand uplifted and head uncovered, offered up the following prayer:—

O LORD GOD ALMIGHTY, high above all height, Whose lifetime is Eternity, we, Thine unworthy servants, give Thee most humble and hearty thanks for all Thy goodness and loving-kindness. We glorify Thee in that Thou hast been pleased in Thy providence to unite Australia in bonds of brotherly love and concord, and in one Commonwealth, under our most gracious Sovereign Lady, Queen Victoria. We beseech Thee, grant unto this union Thy grace and heavenly benediction ; that a strong people may arise to hallow Thy name, to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly before Thee in reverence and righteousness of life. Furthermore, we pray Thee to make our Empire always a faithful and fearless leader among the nations in all that is good ; and to bless our Queen and those who are put in authority under her—more especially in this land. Let Thy wisdom be their guide, strengthen them in uprightness, direct and rule their hearts that they may govern according to Thy Holy Will; and vouchsafe that all things may be so ordered and settled upon the best and surest foundations that peace and happiness, truth and justice, religion and piety, may be deepened and increased among us; and that we, Thy people, may perpetually praise and magnify Thee from generation to generation. Blessed be Thy Name for ever and ever, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

To which the great choral force made answer, “ Amen.”



A prayer was then recited for His Excellency the Governor-General, as follows: —

ALMIGHTY GOD, who upholdest and governest all things in heaven and earth, we humbly beseech thee to send Thy blessing upon Thy servant the Governor-General, and to grant unto him strength and wisdom for the fulfilment of the duties of his high office. Preserve him by Thy Providence, and guide him by Thy good Spirit, that he may do all things to the glory of Thy Holy Name, and to the welfare of this country and Commonwealth. We ask this in the name ot Jesus Christ our Lord and Saviour. Amen.





His Excellency, who was still weak, was seated while Mr. Blackmore read various historic documents, as follow : —

THE QUEEN’S PROCLAMATION.

Victoria R.

WHEKEAS by an Act of Parliament passed in the Sixty-third and Sixty-fourth Years of Our Reign, intituled “ An Act to constitute the Commonwealth of Australia,” it is enacted that it shall be lawful for the Queen, with the advice of the Privy Council, to declare by Proclamation, that, on and after a day therein appointed, not being later than One Year after the'passing of this Act, the people of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, and Tasmania, and also, if Her Majesty is satisfied that the people of Western Australia have agreed thereto, of Western Australia, shall be united in a Federal Commonwealth under the name of the Commonwealth of Australia.

And whereas We are satisfied that the people of Western Australia have agreed thereto accordingly.

We, therefore, by and with the advice of Our Privy Council, have thought fit to issue this Our Royal Proclamation, and we do hereby declare that on and after the First day of January One thousand nine hundred and one the people of New South 1 Vales, Victoria, South *1 ustralia, Queensland, Tasmania, and Western Australia shall be united in a Federal Commonwealth under the name of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Given at Our Court at Balmoral, this Seventeenth day of September, in the Year of Our Lord One thousand Nine hundred, and in the Sixty-fourth Year of Our Reign.






COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.


THE LETTERS PATENT.


Letters Patent passed under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom, constituting the Office of Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Victoria, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India : To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting :

Whereas, by an Act of Parliament passed on the Ninth day of July, 1900, in the Sixty-fourth year of Our Reign, intituled “An Act to constitute the Commonwealth of Australia,” it is enacted that “ it shall be lawful for the Queen, with the advice of the Privy Council, to declare by Proclamation that, on and after a day therein appointed, not being later than one year after the passing of this Act, the people of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, and Tasmania, and also, if Her Majesty is satisfied that

the people of Western Australia have agreed thereto, of Western Australia, shall be united in a Federal Commonwealth under the name of the Commonwealth of Australia. But the Queen may, at any time after proclamation, appoint a Governor-General for the Commonwealth ” :

And whereas We did on the Seventeenth day of September One thousand nine hundred, by and with the advice of Our Privy Council, declare by Proclamation that, on and after the First day of January One thousand nine hundred and one, the people of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, and Tasmania, and also Western Australia, should be united in a Federal Commonwealth under the name of the Commonwealth of Australia : And whereas by the said recited Act certain powers, functions, and authorities were declared to be vested in the Governor-General : And whereas We are desirous of making effectual and permanent provision for the Office of Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief in and over Our said Commonwealth of Australia, without making new Letters Patent on each demise of the said Office: Now know ye that We have thought fit to constitute, order, and declare, and do by these presents constitute, order, and declare, that there shall be a Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief (hereinafter called the Governor-General) in and over Our Commonwealth of Australia hereinafter called Our said Commonwealth) and that the person who shall fill the said Office of Governor-General shall be from time to time appointed by Commission under Our Sign Manual and Signet. And We do hereby authorise and command Our said Governor-General to do and execute in due manner, all things that shall belong to his said command, and to the trust We have reposed in him, according to the several powers and authorities granted or appointed him by virtue of “ The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, 1900,” and of these present Letters Patent and of such Commission as maybe issued to him under our Sign Manual and Signet, and according to such Instructions as may from time to time be given to him, under Our Sign Manual and Signet, or by Our Order in Our Privy Council, or by Us through one of our Principal Secretaries of State, and to such laws as shall hereafter be in force in Our said Commonwealth.

II.    There shall be a Great Seal of and for Our said Commonwealth which our said Governor-General shall keep and use for sealing all things whatsoever that shall pass the said Great Seal. Provided that until a Great Seal shall be provided, the Private Seal of our said Governor-General may be used as the Great Seal of the Commonwealth of Australia.

III.    The Governor-General may constitute and appoint, in Our name and on Our behalf, all such Judges, Commissioners, Justices of the Peace, and other necessary Officers and Ministers of Our said Commonwealth, as may be lawfully constituted or appointed by us.

IV.    The Governor-General, so far as We Ourselves lawfully may, upon sufficient cause to him appearing, may remove from his office, or suspend from the exercise of the same, any person exercising any office of Our said Commonwealth, under or by virtue of any Commission or Warrant granted, or which may be granted, by Us in Our name or under Our authority.

V.    The Governor-General may on Our behalf exercise all powers under the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, 1900, or otherwise in respect of the summoning, proroguing, or dissolving the Parliament of Our said Commonwealth.

VI.    And whereas by “The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, igoo,” it is amongst other things enacted, that We may authorise the Governor-General to appoint any person or persons, jointly or severally, to be his Deputy or Deputies w'ithin any part of Our Commonwealth, and in that capacity to exercise, during the pleasure of the Governor-General, such powers and functions of the said Governor-General as he thinks fit to assign to such Deputy or Deputies, subject to any limitations expressed or directions given Us: Now We do hereby authorise and empower our said Governor-General, subject to such limitations and directions as aforesaid, to appoint any person or persons, jointly or severally, to be his Deputy or Deputies within any part of Our said Commonwealth of Australia, and in that capacity to exercise, during his pleasure, such of his powers and functions as he may deem it necessary or expedient to assign to him or them : Provided always, that the appointment of such a Deputy or Deputies shall not affect the exercise by the Governor-General himself of any power or function.

VII.    And we do hereby declare Our pleasure to be that, in the event of the death, incapacity, removal, or absence of Our said Governor-General out of Our said Commonwealth, all and every the powers and authorities herein granted to him shall, until Our further pleasure is signified therein, be vested in such person as may be appointed by Us under Our Sign Manual and Signet to be Our Lieutenant-Governor of Our said Commonwealth ; or if there shall be no such Lieutenant-Governor in Our said Commonwealth, then in such person or persons as may be appointed by Us under Our .'sign Manual and Signet to administer the Government of the same. No such powers or authorities shall vest in such Lieutenant-Governor, or such other person or persons, until he or they shall have taken the oaths appointed to be taken by the Governor-General of Our said Commonwealth, and in the manner provided by the Instructions accompanying these Our Letters Patent.

VIII.    And We do hereby require and command all Our Officers and Ministers, Civil and Military, and all other the inhabitants of Our said Commonwealth, to be obedient, aiding, and assisting unto Our said Governor-General, or, in the event of his death, incapacity, or absence, to such person or persons as may, from time to time, under the provisions of these Our Letters Paten), administer the Government of Our said Commonwealth.

IX.    And We do hereby reserve to Ourselves, Our heirs and successors, full power and authority from time to time to revoke, alter, or amend these Our T.etters Patent as to Us or them shall seem meet.

X.    And We do further direct and enjoin that these Our Letters Patent shall be read and proclaimed at such place or places as Our said Governor-General shall think fit within Our said Commonwealth of Australia.

In Witness whereof we have caused these Our Letters to be made Patent. Witness Ourself at Westminster, the twenty-ninth day of October, in the Sixty-fourth Year of Our Reign.

By Warrant under the Queen’s Sign Manual,

MUIR MACKENZIE.



#


INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

THK GOVERNOR-GENERAL’S COMMISSION.

Commission passed under the Royal Sign Manual and Signet, appointing the Right Honorable The Earl of Hopetoun, P.C., K.G., G.C.M.G., G.C V.O., to be Governor General and Commander-in-Chief of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Victoria, by the Grace of Gad of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland', Queen, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India : To Our Eight Trusty and Eight Well-beloved Cousin and Councillor, John Adrian Louis, Ear/ of Hopetoun, Knight of Our Most .Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, Knight Grand Cross of Our Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, Knight Grand Cross of the Eoyal Victorian. Order, Greeting :

We do, by this Our Commission under Our Sign Manual and Signet, appoint you, the said John Adrian Louis, Earl of Hopetoun, to be, during Our pleasure, Our Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief in and over Our Commonwealth of Australia, with all the powers, rights, privileges, and advantages to the said Office belonging or appertaining.

IL And We do hereby authorise, empower, and command you to exercise and perform all and singular the powers and directions contained in Our Letters Patent under the Great Seal of Our United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, bearing date at Westminster the Twenty-ninth day of October, 1900, constituting the said Office of Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief, or in any other Our Letters Patent adding to, amending, or substituted for the same and according to such Orders and Instructions as you may receive from Us.

III. And we do hereby command all and singular Our Officers, Ministers, and loving subjects in Our said Commonwealth, and all others whom it may concern, to take due notice hereof, and to give their ready obedience accordingly.

Given at Our Court at Saint James’s, this Twenty-ninth day of October, iqoo, in the Sixty-fourth year of Our Reign.

By Her Majesty’s Command,

J. CHAMBERLAIN.




TAKING THE OATHS.

The Commission being handed to the Governor-General, the following' oaths were administered to His Excellency by the Lieutenant-Governor, Sir Frederick Darley (also Chief Justice):—

The Judicial Oath.


“ I, John Adrian Louis, Earl of Hopetoun, do swear that I will well and truly serve Our Sovereign Lady Queen Victoria in the office of Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia, and that I will do right to all manner of people under the laws and usages of this Commonwealth without fear or favour, affection or regard. So help me, God.”

The Oath of Allegiance.

“ I, John Adrian Louis, Earl of Hopetoun, do swear that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty Queen Victoria, her heirs and successors, according to law. So help me, God.”




INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.



79


The Oath of Office.

“I, John Adrian Louis, Earl of Hopetoun, do swear that I will well and truly serve Her Majesty Oueen Victoria in the office of Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia. So help me, God.”

At the close of this solemn and impressive scene the pent-up feelings of the great multitude were relieved by a soul-stirring volley of loud cheering, and, intermingled with the music of the massed bands playing the National Anthem, the Artillery fired a salute. Bugles were sounded on every side, and hoarse cries arose from the officers in charge of the military as the troops presented arms. The glittering swords of the mounted men suddenly flashed in the sun, and the pennons of the Lancers fluttering in the breeze, considerably enhanced the beauty of a scene of unspeakable grandeur. The hoisting of a flag over the pavilion, with another round of vociferous cheering from the people, indicated that the first Governor-General of the Commonwealth had been sworn in, and the bond of union of the States of Australia completed.

THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL’S PROCLAMATION.

Mr. Blackmore next read the Governor-General’s Proclamation, as follows :—

“ Whereas Iler Majesty has been graciously pleased by Commission, under her Royal sign manual signature bearing date of 29th October, 1900, to appoint me, the Right Honorable John Adrian Louis, Earl of Hopetoun, to be Commander-in-Chief in and over the Commonwealth of Australia: I hereby declare that I have this day taken the oaths before His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor, and I have assumed the office of Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia.”

It was estimated that considerably over a quarter of a million persons witnessed this imposing ceremony; and so admirable was the conduct and temper of the vast concourse of spectators that, with the exception of the mishap to an Inspector of Police, no loss of life or serious accident was recorded.

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9j

1


SWEARING IN THE COMMONWEALTH MINISTRY

SWEARING IN THE COMMONWEALTH MINISTRY

The Governor-General had elected to have his Ministers sworn in on this historic

occasion. The Principal Under-Secretary of New South Wales, Mr. Critchett

Walker, C.M.G., successively administered the oath of office to—

The Right Honorable Edmund Barton, P.C., Q.C.

The Honorable ALFRED DEAKIN.

The Right Honorable Sir George Turner, P.C., K.C.M.G.

The Honorable Sir William John Lyne, K.C.M.G.

The Right Honorable CHARLES Cameron Kingston, P.C., Q.C.

The Honorable Sir James Robert Dickson, K.C.M.G.

The Right Honorable Sir John FORREST, P.C., G.C.M.G.

The Honorable Richard Edward O Connor, Q.C.

The Honorable Neil Elliott Lewis.


1.    Honorable NEIL ELLIOTT LEWIS, Minister without Portfolio.

2.    Honorable ALFRED DEAKIN, Attorney-General.

3.    Honorable Sir JAMES ROBERT DICKSON, K.C.M.G.,

Minister for Defence.

4.    Honorable Sir WILLIAM JOHN LYNE, K.C.M.G.,

Minister for Home Affairs.

5.    Right Honorable EDMUND BARTON, P.C., Premier,

Minister for External Affairs.

6.    Honorable RICHARD EDWARD O'CONNOR, Q.C.,

Vice-President of the Executive Council.

7.    Right Honorable Sir GEORGE TURNER, PC., K.C.M.G.,

Treasurer.

8.    Right Honorable Sir JOHN FORREST, PC., G.C.M.G.,

Postmaster-General.

9.    Right Honorable CHARLES CAMERON KINGSTON, PC.,

Minister for Trade and Customs.



COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.


& .M



INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    83

The Ministers were lustily cheered as they stepped forward to be sworn, and His Excellency shook hands with each member of his Government after he had subscribed the oath.

The Lieutenant-Governor, Sir Frederick Darley, was the next to take the oath of office, which was administered to him by Mr. Justice Owen, in the absence of Mr. Justice Stephen.

The united choir sang the “ Te Deum,” and at its conclusion the Governor-General advanced to the steps of the pavilion on the eastern side, and in a clear and resonant tone read the following congratulatory messages :—

The Secretary of State for the Colonies to IIis Excellency the Governor-General.

London, 29th December, 1900.

Her Majesty’s Government send cordial greeting to the Commonwealth of Australia. They welcome her to her place among the nations united under Her Majesty’s sovereignty, and confidently anticipate for the new federation a future of ever-increasing prosperity and influence. They recognise in the long-desired consummation of the hopes of patriotic Australians a further step in the direction of the permanent unity of the British Empire, and they are satisfied that the wider powers and responsibilities henceforth secured to Australia will give fresh opportunity for the display of that generous loyalty and devotion to the Throne and Empire which has characterised the action in the past of its several States.

The Secretary of State for the Colonies to 11 is Excellency the Governor-General.

London, 31st December, 1900.

The Queen commands me to express through you to the people of Australia Her Majesty’s heartfelt interest in the inauguration of the Commonwealth and her earnest wish that under Divine Providence it may ensure the increased prosperity and well-being of her loyal and beloved subjects in Australia.

I I is Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor of Victoria to 11 is Excellency the Gereer nor- General.

Melbourne, 1st January, 1901.

Victoria bids me speak her earnest and exalted sense of triumph and glad pride that all the lesser temples of liberty, Christianity, and general prosperity which she and her sister colonies have laboriously and anxiously builded have at last by the enthusiastic co-operation of their people been blended in one mighty shrine to assert, extend, and perpetuate these great conditions of human happiness in the face of the world. Our people did not suspect that to their honor and affectionate esteem for you and yours anything was wanting until




84    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

they realised how much your sympathetic association with this their great national desire and achievement has intensified this personal devotion for this day’s great work. We send to our Gracious Queen and to the Commonwealth and to you our congratulations the most joyful and hearty, hopes of the highest, and every good wish and resolution that the sincerest and most fervid patriotism and brotherhood can feel. God bless Australia, and may all Australians be forever what they are to-day in heart and mind.


The following- messages were also sent to the Governor-General, but not timely

enough to be read by His Excellency at the pavilion :—

\

The Chief Secretary and Postmaster-General of Nesv Zealand to His Excellency the

Governor- General.

Wellington, 31st December, 1900.

All good wishes for happy and prosperous new year. May the new century see the complete cementing of the Empire and its continued expansion in the interests of national progress, liberty, equality, and commerce. Not the least important event of the century will be New Zealand’s decision to introduce universal penny postage. The inclusion of federated Australia would complete the extension of this reform to all important parts of the Empire, and I look forward with unfeigned satisfaction to the probable adoption of the penny post by Australia.

The Officer administering the Government of Tasmania to His Excellency the Governor-General.

Hobart, 31st December, 1900.

Tasmania sends greetings to her sister States on the birthday of our nation and prays that mutual sympathy, increasing unity, and an ever-deepening sense of responsibility may enable United Australia worthily to take her place among the nations of the Empire.

Lieutenant-General Sir Alfred Gaselee, K.C.B., Commanding China Field Force, to

His Excellency the Governor-General.

Peking, 30th December, 1900.

Good wishes of China Field Force to Australia, which has so opportunely assisted with a valuable contingent.

The Chief Justice of Fiji to IHs Excellency the Governor-General.

Sir Henry Berkeley, Chief Justice of Fiji, tenders to His Excellency the Governor-General warmest congratulations to Australia from the Bench and Bar of Fiji on the inauguration of the Commonwealth.

From Australians at Salisbury, in Rhodesia, to His Excellency the Governor-General.

Salisbury, 28th December, 1900.

Greeting on federation. Success Commonwealth.










The Norwegian Prime Minister to llis Excellency the Governor-General.

Christiana, 31st December, 1900.

NORWEGIAN Government presents heartfelt congratulations Australian Commonwealth, and hopes that the happily accomplished union of the Australian colonies will prove a benefit to the country and its industrious population.

The United States Consul-General to His Excellency the Governor-General.

Melbourne, 1st January, 1901.

Permit me on behalf of the Government 1 represent and the citizens of the United States residing in Australia to extend to yourself and Lady Hopetoun a sincere welcome. With the co-operation and fortitude of the zealous and patriotic citizens of United Australia the Commonwealth future is assured. I regret ill-health prevents my being present to participate in the inaugural ceremonies of to-day, and in person to extend to you and yours a most cordial greeting.

From The Governor of Natal to The Governor-General.

Pietermaritzburg, 28th December, 1900.

NATAL Premier requests me to transmit following message to you for communication to your Ministers:—“Government and Colonists of Natal offer you and Ministers, new Federation, their most cordial congratulations on the union of the various Colonies of Australia in one Commonwealth, which has now been so happily consummated.

“ Rejoicing as we do in the accomplishment of this union, we hope that Australia’s example will be soon followed by different colonies and dependencies in South Africa, and that action by Australia will prove to be a further step towards Imperial Unity.”

From The Viceroy of India to The Governor-General of A ustralia.

Calcutta, 5th January, 1901.

I CONGRATULATE you warmly upon brilliant success of inaugurations ; ceremonies marred only by unhappy illness of Lady Hopetoun. Proud that our Indian troops looked well. Please now consider health of two most important invalids.

The Governor-General of Nctherlands-India to His Excellency the Governor-General.

Buitenzorg, January, 1901.

I beg your Excellency to accept my sincere congratulations with the inauguration of the Australian Commonwealth, and my best wishes for its lasting prosperity.

The President of the Australian Society of Ncsv York to His Excellency the Governor-General. Australian Society of New York felicitate you and nation to-day.

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

86



The message from Her Majesty The Queen was received by the vast crowds surrounding the pavilion with demonstrations of loyalty and enthusiasm, and as each message was read the greetings and good wishes expressed therein were acknowledged with hearty applause.

The end of the ceremonies, so grand and impressive, having been reached, His Excellency stepped into the principal openings to the pavilion where he bowed to the immense assemblage immediately in front of him, and then bowing to the distinguished company in the pavilion, he departed for Government House with his

staff, to the accompaniment of the music of brass bands and that grander music from

the throats of ten thousand school children, and the plaudits of an admiring people.


Directly His Excellency had left the scene of the Swearing-in, the Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales called for three cheers for the Governor-General, and the call was answered with a ringing round of cheers.

In response to another call, cheers were then given for Sir Frederick Darley,

K.C.M.G., and for the first Federal Ministry.

Thus ended the first scene of the first act of the great drama of Australian national life.



87



On his return to Government House, His Excellency Lord Hopetoun sent the following messages, in connection with the inauguration of the Commonwealth, to the Secretary of State for the Colonies


Government House, Sydney, ist January, jgoi.



CKREMONY in connection with the inauguration of the Commonwealth took place this morning in perfect weather. Brilliant pageant. Procession extending over some miles; admirably managed. A vast concourse of people was in the streets. The decorations and triumphal arches were most striking. Enthusiasm unbounded. Federal Ministers sworn in as members of the Executive Council immediately after Iliad taken oath.



Government House, Sydney,

ist January, 1901. On behalf of self and Ministers for the Commonwealth, I express the deep gratitude of her subjects throughout Australia for the Queen’s gracious message read by me at the inauguration of the Commonwealth to-day. They humbly join Her Majesty the Queen, in the hope that Divine Providence may grant increase in prosperity and well being to her devoted subjects of the new union within the Empire; and it is the earnest and unanimous hope of those subjects that their noble and gracious Sovereign may be long spared to watch over and encourage the development of her Empire in peace and mutual trust and love.









it* :


Government House, Sydney, ist January, igoi. At the request of my Ministers, I desire to express to you the gratification with which the message from Her Majesty’s Government to the Commonwealth has been everywhere received. They do believe that by the federation of the communities which have divided the tasks and responsibilities of settlement in Australia and Tasmania, a further step has been taken towards the permanent unity of the British Empire. They also wish me to express their confidence that no desire or ability on the part of the States to render service to the Queen and Empire will be diminished ; but, on the contrary, both will be enhanced by the union of the forces and resources in the Commonwealth.

§


Government House, Sydney, ist January, 1901. MINISTERS desire me to inform you, that Her Majesty’s Proclamation, establishing the Commonwealth of Australia, was read; I was sworn in, also, the Federal Ministry, in the presence of a company, including the Naval Commander-in-Chief, Lieutenant-Governors of New South Wales, Queensland, and South Australia, Premiers of federating colonies and New Zealand, Heads of Churches, Judges, and others. Streets in the city were profusely decorated and illuminated at night, and the procession to the place of swearing-in was witnessed by immense crowds, plaudits of the people testifying their high appreciation of the Queen’s choice of myself as Governor-General, and of her action in sending Imperial troops to grace the ceremony. It gives me much pleasure to inform you, that manifestations of loyalty were everywhere observable.

GREETINGS TO THE COMMONWEALTH.

On the morning of the ist of January, which was to witness the greatest event in the lifetime of the Australian continent, the following greetings appeared in the Press of Sydney :—

From the Prime Minister of the Commonwealth.

The main principle of the Commonwealth is expressed in its Constitution.


Its representation in one House bespeaks justice to the individual; its representation

in the other bespeaks equal justice to each State.

It will and must be the aim of the Government of the Commonwealth to give complete effect to both those principles.


its

And the policy which the Government will enunciate will be clear in its even-handed justice with regard to both individuals and States.

I appeal to my fellow-citizens, to my fellow-Australians, to assist the first Government of the Commonwealth in this high aspiration.

A Federalist, no matter what his motives may be, has his own distinct interest in any policy which is loyal to high principle.

It is not true that I do not distinguish between Anti-Billite and Anti-Federalist. I know one from the other very well.

On the sense of justice of the former I can depend. But I find no sense of justice in those who, while pretending to be supporters of union, show their distrust and hatred of their neighbours at every stage.

There is a true distinction between the Federalist and anti-Federalist.

A man may have voted against the Constitution with absolute faith in the principle of union. Another man may have voted against it professing himself a Federalist, but violently distrustful of the fellow-Australians who reside on the other side of a factitious boundary.

The one will be loyal to Australia and to her Federal Government. The other will share in all the benefits to come, and, as has happened everywhere else, his conversion is only a matter of time.

A strenuous appeal has been made to the 80,000 who voted against the Bill.

I make no appeal to those 80,000.

I do not impugn their sense of justice.

Indeed, I rely upon it, for I know that they will believe that those who were capable of making a just and wise and solid Constitution are those most capable of giving it due and prosperous effect.

My highest encouragement will be this knowledge, that I shall be as loyal to them as to all other fellow-Australians.

From the Prime Minister of Nav South Wales.

My message to the Australian people is that I desire to heartily congratulate them upon the consummation of the union which is to be celebrated to-day with all the splendor that befits the momentous occasion.

1 trust the nation born to-day will, under the beneficent guidance of the Almighty, uphold those principles of justice and freedom which have made Great Britain the mightiest power in the world for progress and righteousness.

HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL LEAVING THE PAVILION

l at:



INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

INVITATIONS TO SWEARING-IN CEREMONY.

Among the many who accepted invitations to be present at the Swearing-in Ceremony were :—

Sir Henry Berkeley (Chief Justice, Fiji)

Hon. J. Frost (Natal), Mrs., and Miss Frost Mr. J. Hennekcr-Heaton, M.P. t England)

Captain John Hill (Fiji), Mrs., and the Misses Hill


Mrs. H.S. McArthur King (Norfolk Island)

Hon. C. P. I^yard (Ceylon)

Mr. George Moore (Commissioner of l.ands and Works, Fiji) Hon. F. R. Moore (Natal).



Mr. L. and Mrs. Hopkins

Mr. T. J. Iredale (President, Friendly Societies’ Association) and Mrs. I redale

Mr. W. Ives (President, Builders and Contractors’Association' and Mrs. Ives

Mr. S. K. and Mrs. Johnstone

Mr. David Kirkcaldie (Railway Commissioner) and Mrs. Kirkcaldic

Sir Edward and lady Knox

Nassam Bey Khalil (Consul for Turkey)

Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs. Kirkaldy

Mr. F. Kirkpatrick (Under Secretary for Finance and Trade)

Mr. O. Kraeft (Chief Officer, 14 Grosser Kurfurst”)

Hon. Sir John Lackey (President, Legislative Council) and lady Lackey

Archdeacon and Mrs. Langley Professor and Mrs. Liversidge

Mr. J. S. Larkc (Trade Commissioner for Canada) and Mrs. Larke

Mr. S. II. Lambton (Deputy Postmaster-General) and Mrs# Lambton

Mr J. B. Laing (Parliamentary Reporting Stall)and Mrs. laing Mr. G. Lewis (Federal Election Commissioner) and Mrs. lewis

Hon. W. M'Court (Speaker) and Mrs. M‘Court Judge and Mrs. Murray

Mr. C. E. B. Maybury (Sheriff) and Mrs. Maybury Professor and Mrs. M‘Callum Cardinal Moran

Rev. J. C. Macdonald (Moderator of the Presbyterian Assembly) and Mrs. Macdonald

Mr. C. J. Mcrgell (Consul for Austria) and Mrs. Mergcll Mr. N. T. Maniachi (Consul for Greece)

Mr. F. H. Moore (Consul for Hawaii)

Dr. V. Marano (Consul for Italy)

Mr. C. W. Martin (Consul for Liberia)

Mr. G. Macgcorge (Consul for Peru)

Mr. S. M. Mowlc (Usher of the Black Rod) and Mrs. Mowlc Bishop Murray

Mr. John Maclure (President, Caledonian Society)

Mr. G. Miller (Under Secretary of Justice) and Mrs. Miller Rev. Canon and Mrs. Morton

Mr. J. C. Maynard (Under Secretary for Public Instruction) and Mrs. Maynard

Mr. Hugh Mcl^tchlan (Secretary to Railway Commissioners) and Mrs. Me Lachlan

Mr. D. C. McLachlan (Under Secretary for Mines and Agriculture) and Mrs. McLachlan

Captain Neitenstein (Comptroller-General of Prisons) and Mrs. Neitenstein

Mr. Alex. Oliver (President of the Land Board) and Mrs. Oliver Mr. C. N. J. Oliver (Chief Railway Commissioner)

Hon. R. E. and Mrs. O’Connor

Rear-Admiral and Mrs. Pearson

Mr. E. M. Paul (Consul for Russia) and Mrs. Paul

Mr. N. H. Paling (Consul for Netherlands)

Mr. Hugh Pollock (Secretary to Attorney-General)

Mr. J. J. Power (President, Licensed Victuallers’ Association) and Mrs. Power

Sir Arthur and I-ady Renwick

Right Hon. G. II. Reid (Leader of the Opposition) and Mrs. Reid

Colonel and Mrs. C. F. Roberts Major and Mrs. Rennie Judge and Mrs. F. E. Rogers

Mr. II. C. Russell (Government Astronomer) and Mrs. Russell Mr. II. N. Rutty (Consul for Switzerland)

I .ieutenant-Colonel Ranclaud

Mr. Charles Robinson (Chief, Parliamentary Reporting Stall) and Mrs. Robinson Professor and Mrs. Anderson Stuart Mr. Justice and Mrs. Stephen Professor and Mrs. Scott Dr. A. Schiedl (Consul for Austria)

Bishop Stanton

The Rev. W. A. Southwell (President, Baptist Union)

Dr. Ashburton Thompson (President, Board of Health) and Mrs. Thompson Hon. George Thornton, M.L.C.

Bishop Torregiani

Mr. W. L. Vernon (Government Architect) and Mrs. Vernon Mr. E. II. S. Von Arnheim (Deputy-Master of the Mint) and Miss Von Arnheim

Mr. W. Hayes-Williams (Registrar-General) and Mrs. Hayes-Williams

Mr. C. R. Walsh (Prothonotary) and Mrs. Walsh Mr. J. C. W'oore (City Coroner) and Mrs. Woorc Mr. Justice and Mrs. Walker Professor and Mrs. Wilson

Mr. F. W. Webb, C.M.G. (Clerk to the legislative Assembly) and Mrs. Webb

Mr. F. Walsh (Parliamentary Librarian) and Mrs. Walsh Mr. Watkm Wynne.

VICTORIA.

The Rev. Dr. Abraham (Chief Rabbi) and Mrs. Abraham

Archbishop Carr

Mr. Justice and Mrs. A’Beckett

“ Commandant” and Mrs. Booth

Mr. J. P. Bray (U.S. Consul) and Mrs. Bray

Hon. Thomas Brutiton and Mrs. Brunton

Mr. James Bagge (Secretary, Education Department)

Mr. M. Bvrne (Secretary, Crown Law Department) and Mrs. Byrne

Sir Graham Berry

Hon. J. B. Burton (Minister for Mines) and Mrs. Burton.

Mr. J. A. Brown (President, U.A.O. Druids)

Mr. VV. L. Bosschart (Consul, Netherlands) and Mrs. Bosschart M. Brouland (Consul for France)

Mr. R. S. Brain and Mrs. Brain Mr. J. Barrett (Secretary, Trades Hall)

Mr. Joseph Bradshaw, F.R.G.S. (President, North Australian League)

Mr. J. Blyth (Chairman, Harbour Trust) and Mrs Blyth Mr. D. Brown (Grand President, U.A.O.D.)

Mr. J. J. Brokenshire (Councillor, Ballarat)

Captain Collins, R.N. (Secretary for Defence)

Mr. J. R. Curtain (Greek Consul)

Captain Currie (President, Marine Board) and Mrs. Currie Signor Pasquale Cortecar (Consul-General for Italy)

Mr. H. Cave (Consul for Spain) and Mrs. Cave Sir Henry and Lady Cuthbert

Mr. John Clayton (Town Clerk, Melbourne) and Mrs. Clayton

The Hon. Sir Rupert Clarke

Mr. George Chirnside (Toorak) and Mrs. Chirnsidc

Judge Chomley and the Misses Chomley

Alderman Carr (Mayor of Geelong)

I Ion. D. J. Duggan (Commissioner for Lands) and Mrs. Duggan Mr. and Mrs. F. T. Derham

Mr. W. Davidson (Inspector-General, Public Works) and Mrs. Davidson

Mr. E. De Verdon (Commissioner for Titles) and Mrs. De Verdon

Mr. N. De Passek (Consul for Russia) and Mrs. De Passek Mr. C. Gavan Duffy (Assistant Clerk, Legislative Assembly) Mr. J. G. Edwards (Bendigo) and Mrs. Edwards Sir T. N. Fitzgerald M.D. (President, Medical Society)

Mr. C. B. Finlayson, Q.C.

Mr. E. G. Fitzgibbon, C.M.G. (Chairman, Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of W'orks)

Mr. John Fleming Wood ( Mayor of Brunswick)

Hon. W. Gurr (Postmaster-General) and Mrs. Gurr Right Rev. Dr. Goe (Bishop of Melbourne)

Dr. A. Greswell (Chairman, Board of Health) and Mrs. Greswell Judge and Mrs. Gaunt

Mr. A. Gollin (Commodore, Royal Yacht Club)

Hon. S. Gillott (Mayor of Melbourne) and Mrs. Gillott Right Rev. Dr. Green (Bishop of Ballarat) and Mrs. Green Councillor Greenhill (Mayor of Castlemaine)

Mr. Justice and Mrs. Hood

Mr. A. Wr. Howitt (Commissioner of Audit)

Mr. H. B. Higgins

Mr. W. Honeybone (Town Clerk, Bendigo)

Mr. A. Hobbs (Representative, Ironmoulders Union)

Mr. W. L. Jack (Consul for Portugal) and Mrs. Jack

Mr. George H. Jenkins, C.M.G. (Clerk, Legislative Council) and Mrs. Jenkins

Rev. Ilandell Jones (Chairman of the Congregational Union) and Mrs. Jones Judge and Mrs. Johnston

Mr. A. P. M. Kirkton (President, Fire Brigades)

Mr. R. G. Kent (Secretary for Railways) and Mrs. Kent

Mr. George Lush (President, Royal Humane Society) and Mrs, Lush

Mr. E. I-angton (President, Public Library) and Mrs. Langton Mr. H. E. I.awson (Town Clerk, Warrnambool)

Mr. J. Mathieson (Commissioner for Railways) and Mrs. Mathicson

Mr. S. Mauger, M.L.A., and Mrs. Mauger

Hon. W. McCulloch, M.L.C. (Minister for Defence and Health) and Mrs. McCulloch Mr. A. Marks (Consul for Japan)

Major T. F. Morkham (Secretary for Lands) and Mrs. Morkham Mr. E. S. Moncton (G.M., G.U.O.O.F., Melbourne)

Rev. P. J. Murdoch (Clerk, Presbyterian Assembly) and Mrs. Murdoch

Professor Harrison Moore (University) and Mrs. Moore Mr. S. E. Moulton (Grand Secretary, P.A.F. Society)

Mr. John McWhae (Chairman, Melbourne Stock Exchange and Mrs. McWhae

Mr. Arch. M'Farland (Sheriff) and Miss M‘Farland.

Professor Morris

Mr. D. Martin (Secretary, Public Works) and Mrs. Martin Sir M. D. and Lady M‘Eacham Sir J. M‘Intyre


COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.



Judge and Mrs. Moles worth Hon. F. C. Mason (Speaker) and Mrs. Mason Mr. G. E. Ogden (Town Clerk) Brunswick Mr. K. L. Outtrim (Deputy Postmaster-General) and Mrs. Outtrim

Mr. John Oldham (Consul for Serna)

Sir Bryan and Lady O’Loghlin M. De N. Passek Consul for Russia)

Hon. A. J. Peacock (Chief Secretary) and Mrs. Peacock Mr. Alfred Pfaff (Consul for Peru)

Mr. J. L. Purves, Q.C., and Mrs. Purves Mr. C. A. Pinschof (Consul Austro-Hungaty) and Mrs. Pinschof

Mr. M. E. Pollett (Consul for Belgium)

Sir John and Lady Guick

Hon. Rol>eit Reid (President, Chamber of Commerce)

Mr. W. V. Robinson (Clerk, Legislative Assembly) and Mrs. Robinson

Dr. C. Ryan (Consul for Turkey)

Commander Richardson (Naval Forces)

Mr. L. Sanders (Consul for Liberia)

Rev. Alexander Steel (President, Baptist Union)

Mr. W. S. Skelton, J.P. (President, Australian Natives’

Association) and Mrs. Skelton Mr. J. T. T. Smith, G.C., and Mrs. Smith Hon. W. A.Trenwith(Minister for Railwavs)and Mrs. Trcnwith Sir George Turner (Prime Minister) and Lady Turner Rev. G. Tait (Moderator, Presbyterian Assembly) and Mrs. Tail Mr. J. Taylor (Grand Secretary, M.U.LO.O.F.) and Mrs.Taylor Mr. G. E. Upward (Sergeant-at-Arms) and Mrs. Upward Sir II. J. Wrixon (Vice-Chancellor) and Lady Wrixon Mr. T. P. Webb (Master in Equity) and Mrs. Webb Mr. Howard Willoughby Mr. F. W. Were (Consul for Denmark)

Mr. A. Webster (Consul for Chili)

Mr. John Whykes (Mayor of Ballarat)

Mr. A. L. Windsor

Dr. and Mrs. II. N. Wollaston

Mr. W. Wilt (President, Pharmaceutical Society)

Mr. Thomas \V<x>llard (Usher ol the Black Rod) ami Mrs.

Woollard

Hon. A. Wynne (Solicitor-General)

Hon. Sir W. A. Zeal (President, legislativeCouncil).

SOUTH AUSTRALIA.

Mr. G. S. Aldridge (Chairman, Stock Exchange) and Mrs. Aldridge

Mr. T. R. Atkinson (Usher of the Black Rod! and Mrs. Atkinson

Hon. Arthur II. and Mrs. Addison Mr. A. II. Angel

Hon. Sir Richard Baker, U.C. (President, legislative Council) and Lady Baker

Rev. Dr. Burgess (President, Wesleyan General Conference) and Mrs. Burgess

Dr. Barlow (Vice-Chancellor) and Mrs. Barlow Mr. W. Burford (President, Chamber of Manufactures) and Mrs. Burford

Sir J. P. and Ladv Boucaut

Mr. J. Gartrell (President, Chamber of Commerce)

Mr. E. G. Blackmore (Clerk of Parliaments) and Mrs. Blackmore

Mr. W. Blight (Mayor of IIindmarsh) and Mrs. Blight Rev. A. 1*. Boas (Rabbi) and Mrs. Boas

Mr. A. U. Beyer (Grand Secretary, M.U.O.O.F., Glenelg) and Mrs. Beyer

Hon. Sir Jenkin Coles (Sjreaker) and Lady Coles Captain C. L. Clare (Naval Commandant) and Mrs. Clare Mr. E. W. Crewes \ Mayor ol Burra), Mrs. and Miss CrcWCs Mr. J. W. Caire (Mayor of Port Adelaide) and Mrs. Cuire

Mr. Ebene/er Cooke (Commissioner of Audit'

Mr. A. E. Donnelly (President, Trades and Labour Council)

Sir John W. and Lady Downer

Mr. Otto Von Drehnen (Consul for Austro-Hungary)

Mr. A. F.. Donnelly (President, Trades and labour Council) Mr. T. George Ellery (Town Clerk, Adelaide)

Mr. W. Fisher (Commodore, S.A. Yacht Squadron) and Miss Pisher

Rev. W. Gray (Moderator, Presbyterian General Assembly) and Mrs. Gray

Mr. E. B. Grundy, G.C., and Mrs. Grundy Mr. J. C. Genders (President, Australian Natives Association) and Mrs. Genders

Hon. J. H. Gordon, Q.C. (Attorney-General) and Mrs. Gordon Commandant and Mrs. T. M. Gordon Mr. G. H. Glover (Mayor of St. Peters) and Mrs. Glover Rev. T. J. Gore, M.A. (President, Church of Christ* and Mrs. Gore

Dr. F. Goldsmith (Government Medical Officer, Northern Territory)

Bishop Ilarmer and Mrs. Harmer Hon. F. W. Holder (Prime Minister) and Mrs. Holder Mr. F. Halcomb (Clerk of Legislative Assembly) and Mrs. I lalcomb

Hon. J. C. Jenkins (Chief Secretary) and Mrs. Jenkins

Right Hon. C. C. and Mrs. Kingston

Mr. J. J. and Mrs. Knight

Mr. R. Kelly (Deputy G.M., M.U.I.O.O.F.)

Mr. A. Leane (General Secretary, I.O.O.F.)

Mr. C. A. Murphy (U.S. Consul) and Mrs. Murphy Mr. H. C. E. Muecke (German Consul) and Mrs. Muecke Dr. II. and Mrs. Marten

Rev. R. M‘Cullough (President of the Baptist Union) and Mrs. M'Cullough

Mr. J. P. Morice (Parliamentary Librarian) and Mrs. Morice Mr. J. H. Mattingley (Mayor of Kensington) and Mrs. Mattingley

Mr. A. Mackie (Mayor of Unley) and Mrs. Mackie Mr. John and Mrs. Moule Mr. Clarence and Mrs. Moody

Mr. A. S. Neill (Consul for Norway and Sweden) and Mrs. Neill Mr. Paris Nesbitt, Q.C., and Mrs. Nesbitt Hon. L. O’Loughlin (Minister for Lands) and Mrs. O’Loughlin Mr. Alfred Odgers

Mr. A. G. Pendleton (Railway Commissioner) and Mrs. Pendleton

Hon. J. L. Parsons (Consul for Japan) and Mrs. Parsons Mr. R. A. Paxton (Consul for Netherlands) and Mrs. Paxton

Mr. W. H. Phillips (Consul for Belgium)

Hon. T. and Mrs. Playford

Mr. John D. Phillips (Chief Ruler, I.O.R.A.D.)

Professor E. W. Rennie

Mr. C. G. Rebbeck (Mayor of Gawlcr)

Mr. A. J. Roberts (Mayor of Glenelg)

Sir Edwin and Lady Smith

Mr. R. M. Steele (Consul lor Portugal) and Mrs. Steele

Hon. V. L. and Mrs. Solomon

Mr. T. N. Stephens (President, Marine Board)

Mr. L. H. Sholl (Government Statist) and Mrs. Sholl

Mr. William J. and Mrs. Sowden

Hon. J. H. Symon, Q.C., and Mrs. Symon

Mr. T. H. Smeaton (Chairman, Fire Brigades Board)

Mr. W. Strapps (Grand Master, I.O.O.F., Adelaide)

Mr. A. Searcey (Scrgeant-at-Arms) and Mrs. Searcey Mr. W. Stockwell (Commercial Travellers* Association)

Hon. Sir Charles Todd (Postmaster-General) and Lady Todd Right Hon. Sir Samuel Way, Bart., P.C. (Chief Justice), and Lady Way

Mr. C. F. Wright (Acting Consul for Chili)

Alderman A. W. Ware (Mayor of Adelaide) and Mrs. Ware Mr. L. J. Wilcher (Mayor of Port Pirie).

QUEENSLAND.

Mr. W. Allen (Grand Master, Protestant Alliance Friendly Society)

Mr. W. H. Browne (Leader of the Labour Party)

Rev. Charles Boyall (President of the Baptist Union) and Mrs. Boyall

Right Rev. C. G. Barlow’ (Bishop of North Queensland) and Mrs. Barlow

Rev. J. M. Bayley (Chairman, Congregational Union)

Mr. J. A. Benjamin (Mayor of Charters Towers)

Mr. John Cameron (President, Pastoral ists’ Association) and Mrs. Cameron

Hon. J. V. Chataway (Secretary for Agriculture) and Mrs.

Chataway Mr. Justice Cooper

Mr. J. Christensen ( Danish Consul) and Mrs. Christensen Mr. C. W. Costin (Clerk, Legislative Council)

Mr. Fred. Coltnan (Mayor of Bundaberg) and Mrs. Colman Mr. A. J. Carter (Vice-Consul, Sweden and Norway) and Mrs. Carter

Mr. Acting-Justice and Mrs. Connolly

Mr. W. E. Cameron (Assistant Government Geologist) and Mrs. Cameron

Mr. Henry Donkin (Belgian Consul) and Mrs. Donkin Hon. J. R. Dickson (Chief Secretary) and Miss Dickson Dr. F. G. Donnelly, M.D., and Miss Donnelly

Right Rev. Nathaniel Dawes (Bishop of Rockhampton) and Mrs. Dawes

Mr. W. A. Douglas (Commodore, Yacht Club) and Mrs. Douglas

Mr. I I. S. Dutton (Princi}>al Under-Secretary) and Mrs. Dutton Rev. W. Dinning (Charters Towers)

Right Rev. W. Davies (Rockhampton) and Mrs. Davies Mr. D. O’Donovan, C.M.G. (Parliamentary Librarian) Commandant and Mrs. Finn

Hon. J. F. G. Foxton (Home Secretary) and Mrs. Foxton Mr. C. B. Fletcher and Mrs. Fletcher Sir Samuel Griffith (Chief Justice)

Mr. W. H. Groom (Leader of the Opposition) and Mrs. Groom

Mr. John Garsden (Mayor of South Brisbane) and Mrs. Garsden Mr. E. P. T. Griffith

Mr. J. W. H. Grout (Vice-Consul for Spain)

Mr. Robert J. Gray Commissioner for Railways)

Mr. A. Hayne (Town Clerk, Ipswich) and Mrs. Hayne Rev. C. E. James

Rev. Chas. E. James (President, Methodist Conference)

Rev. Dr. Knipe (Moderator of the Presbyterian Assembly)

Mr. J. J. and Mrs. Knight

Mr. J. Leutenegger (Swiss Consul) and Mrs. Lcutenegger

Mr. W. G. Lewis (Grand Secretary, Protestant Alliance,

Bundaberg

Mr. Geo. Morrisson (President, Stock Exchange) and Mrs. Morrisson

Hon. A. Morgan (Speaker) and Mrs. Morgan Mr. K. Miller (Town Clerk, Maryborough) and Mrs. Miller Mr. A. E. McCreedy (Mayor of Townsville) and Mrs. McCreedy Mr. Chas. Morley (Mayor of Mackay)

Judge and Mrs. Noel

Mr. T. V. Nobbs (Town Clerk) and Mrs. Nobbs Hon. W. H. B. O’Connell (Secretary, Public Lands) and Mrs. O’Connell

Aldeiman O’Keefe (Mayor of Toowoomba) and Mrs. O’Keefe Hon. Robt. Philp (Premier), Mrs.,and Miss Philp Mr. F. Penlington (Mayor of Rockhampton) ami Mrs. Pcn-lington

Judge Paul

Mr. Parry-Okeden (Commissioner of Police) and Mrs. Parry-Okeden

Mr. A. Rutledge (Attorney-General) and Mrs. Rutledge Mr. Justice and Mrs. Real

Mr. H. W. Radford (Clerk of Legislative Council!

Mr. T. W. Robinson (Friendly Societies’ Association) Alderman N. Robinson (Mayor of Brisbane)

Mr. T. R. Roberts (Grand Master, U.O.O.F.)

Mr. R. H. Roberts (Clerk, Presbyterian Assembly)

Mr. C. Smith (Grand President, U.A.O.D.)

Mr. John Soden (Chief Ranger, Order of Royal Forresters)

Mr. J. F. Thallon (Deputy Railway Commissioner)

Right Rev. William Webber (Bishop of Brisbane).

WESTERN AUSTRALIA.

Mr. S. G. C. Burt (Vice-Consul for Belgium)

Mr. E. J. Bickford (Chairman, Chamber of Commerce) and Mrs. Bickford

Rev. G. Brewster (Moderator, Presbyterian Church) and Mrs. Brewster

Hon. II. Briggs (Fremantle)

Mr. J. S. Butler (Town Clerk, Albany) and Mrs. Butler Alderman Brockman (Mayor of Perth) and Mrs. Brookman Mr. James Cowan (Police Magistrate) and Mrs. Cowan Colonel Chippendall (Commandant Military Forces) and Mrs. Chippendall

Mr. F. T. and Mrs. Crowder

Mr J. Davies (Manager, Railways) and Mrs. Davies)

Mr. J. Demet (Consul for Netherlands!

Mr. W. L. and Mrs. Daniell

Mr. F. R. Dymes (U.S.A. Consul, Albany) and Mrs. Dymes Mr. II. R. England (Chairman of Associated Bankers of W.A.)

and Mrs. England Rabbi D. J. and Mrs. Freedman

Mr. J. M. Ferguson (Consul for Sweden and Norway)

Right Hon. Sir John Forrest (Prime Minister) and Lady Forrest Mr. F. C. Faulkner (Head Master, High School, Perth) and Mrs. Faulkner

Mr. F. W. Fox (Grand Master, I.O.O.F.) and Mrs. Fox Mr. W. A. Gale (Cleik, Legislative Assembly) and Mrs. Gale Bishop Gibnev (Roman Catholic)

Brigadier Glover (Salvation Army) and Mis. Glover Mr. A. H. and Mrs. Henning Mr. Justice and Mrs. Hensman Mr. R. and Mrs. Hamilton

Mr. G. B. Humble (Town Clerk, Fremantle) and Mrs. Humble Rev. R. IIanlin (Scotch Church, Fremantle) and Mrs. Hanlin Mr. G. Le.*ke, Q.C., and Mrs. Leake

Mr. J. M. Lepsley (Superintendent, Fire Brigade)

Mr. C. J. Lee Steere (Clerk, Legislative Council) and Mrs. Lee Steere

Hon. II. B. Lefroy (Minister for Mines) and Mrs. Lefroy I Ion. Sir J. G. Lee Steere (Speaker) and Lady Lee Steere Mr. E. W. Mayhew (Consul, U.S.A., Freemantle) and Mrs. Mayhew

Mr. A. C. McKenzie (Mayor of Albany) and Mrs. McKenzie Mr. F. D. North (Under-Secretary, Premier’s Department)

Sir A. C. Onslow (the Administrator) and Lady Onslow Mr. F. Pearse (President, Trades and Labour Council) and Mrs Pearse

Mr. G. T. Poole (President, Architects’ Association) and Mrs. Poole

Hon. W. R. Pennefather, Q.C. (Attorney-General),and Mrs. Pennefather

Right Rev. C. O. Riley (Bishop of Perth) and Mrs. Riley Rev. G. E. Rowe (Superintendent of Home Missions) and Mrs. Rowe

Mr. L. Rattazzi (Consul for Germany) and Mrs. Rattazzi Hon. G. Randell (Colonial Secretary) and Mrs. Randell Mr. Justice and Mrs. Stone

Hon. Sir G. S hen ton (President, Legislative Council)

Mr. R. Strelitz (Consul for Belgium) and Mrs. Strelitz Mr. E. Solomon, M.L.A. (Mayor, Fremantle), and Miss Solomon

Mr. W. Sandover, (U.S.A. Consul, Perth) and Mrs. Sandover Hon. R. A. Sholl (Postmaster-General) and Mrs. Sholl Mr. J. R. Sharkey, J.P. (Esperance)

Hon. G. Throssell (Minister for Lands and Mrs. Throssell Rev. A. Wilson (Chairman, Baptist Union)

Mr. J. II. Wright (Private Secretary to Administrator) and Mrs. Wright

Mr. B. C. Wood (Commissioner for Railways and Mrs. Wood.

TASMANIA.

Rev. T. R. Bavin (Professor of Law)

Sir Edward and Lady Braddon

Hon. George T. Collins (Chief Secretary) and Mrs. Collins Mr. Justice and Mrs. Clark

Mr. R. Clerke (Sergeant-at-Arms) and Mrs. Clerke Mr. G. Coutts (Grand Secretary, I.O.O.F., Launceston) and Mrs Coutts

Mr. T. Davies (Grand Secretary, Protestant Alliance, Hobart) Mr. C. E. Davies (G.M., Masonic Ixxlgc)

Hon. Adye Douglas (President, Legislative Council) and Mrs. Douglas

Mr. Henry and Mrs. Dobson Lieutenant Colonel Evans

Alderman and Mrs. F. K. Fairthorne (Mayor and Mayoress of Launceston)

Hon. C. H. Grant, M.L.C. (President, Chamber of Commerce) and Mrs. Grant

Mr. J. W. C. Hamilton (Town Clerk, ilobart) and Mrs. Hamilton


Rev. William Law (Chairman, Congregational Union)

Colonel Legge (Commandant)

Hon. N. E. Lewis (Prime Minister and Attorney-General) anti Mrs. Lewis

Hon. E. T. Mulcahy (Minister for Lands and Works) and Mrs. Mulcahy

Mr. E. Maher (Superintendent, Fire Brigades)

Mr. John Mastcrton (Worshipful Master, Protestant Alliance) and Mrs. Masterton

Mr. W. Robertson (Grand Master, l.O.O.F.) and Mrs. Robertson Mr. J. K. Reid (Clerk of Legislative Assembly) and Mrs. Reid Rev. Kenwood league (Wesleyan Church)

Mr. W. J. Watchom (Commodore, Yacht Club) and Mrs. Watchorn

Professor W. H. Williams

Mr. A. G. Webster (Consul, United States) and Mrs. Webster Mr. Wardman (Grand Master, M.U., 1.0.0.F.)

Mr. W. A. Whittaker and Mrs. Whittaker Mr. C. Youl (President, Racing Club) and Mrs. Youl.

NEW ZEALAND.

Right Rev. G. M. Lenihan, D.D. (Bishop of Christchurch)

Rev. J. C. Andrews (Vice-Chancellor of University)

Mr. II. and Mrs. Brett (Auckland)

Mr. A. R. Buiday, M.H.R., and Mrs. Barclay

Hon. James Carroll (Native Minister) and Mrs. Carroll

Hon. A. J. Cadman (Member Executive Council) and Mrs. Cad man

Right Rev. W. R. Campbell (Moderator, Presbyterian Assembly) and Mrs. Campbell

Rev. J. Clarke (President, Baptist Union) and Mrs. Clarke Mr. M. and Mrs. Cohen (Dunedin)

Hon. T. Y. Duncan (Minister for Lands)

Mr. Justice and Mrs. Donniston Mr. Justice and Mrs. Edwards

Hon. W. Jones-1 (all (Minister for Woiks) and Mrs. Hall

Sir James I lector, M.D. (Chancellor of the University), and Lady Hector

Mr. George and Mrs. Kirtnn

Mr. J. L. and Mrs. Kelly

Hon. R. Oliver, M.L.C., and Mrs. Oliver

Hon. Sir G. M. O’Rorke (Speaker) and Lady O’Rorke Major Owen

Colonel Pole-Penton (Commandant Military Forces)

The Presidents of the Chambers of Commerce at Auckland, Canterbury, Christchurch, Dunedin, and Wellington Right Hon. R. J. Seddon (Prime Minister) and Mrs. Seddon Rev. A. S. and Mrs. Smalley Hen. Major and Mrs. Steward Sir Robert Stout (Chief Justice) and Lady Stout Mr. R. Slater (Trades and Labour Council;

Hon. G. J. Ward (Minister for Railways) and Mrs. Ward Mr. W. Williams (Conciliation Board) and Mrs. Williams Mr. J. II. Whitteford, M.H.R., and Mrs. Whittcford Tamahau Mahupuku (Maori Chief)

Timoti Pohipi (Maori Chief)

Nireaha (Maori Chief)

Ratana Ngahina (Maori Chief)

Te Naera (Maori Chief)

Tare Tikao (Maori Chief)

Mahuta Tavvhiao (Maori Chief)

Topia Turoa (Maori Chief).

Inaugural Celeluations.


HE Government were somewhat hampered in promptly arranging the form which the inaugural celebrations should assume, by the prolongation ot the session of Parliament, owing to the pressure of important public business. But Sir William Lyne ever kept in view his intention to make the demonstration as unique in character as the occasion itself. He was determined that every feature of the inaugural ceremony should be carried out on a brilliant scale, and in a manner that would not only ensure a ceremonial triumph, but be indicative of the Colony’s taste and wealth. That which would be most impressive and calculated to produce an harmonious effect, was to be done in a way that would add to rather than detract from its dignity. Every prominent public building, and every coign of vantage, were to be ornamented unstintingly and well, and arrangements were to be made to facilitate a series of illuminations at night such as no mortal eye had looked upon in the colonies before. Both on land and on water, everything possible was to be done to create the most dazzling effect, and to form a lasting memorial of a memorable time. And everything was done. Sydney was one blaze of light, amidst which stood the lofty tower of the General Post Office, with its graceful contour outlined in a continuous chain of fire, and its far-reaching flag-staff like a

comet in the sky. The public offices and large warehouses in the principal streets were garlanded with electric lights, and interlaced with a network ot lanterns shimmering and sparkling the brilliancy of their changing colours. On the harbour and on shore the illuminations eclipsed all that had ever been attempted before.

Nearly all the most prominent and distinguished citizens and representatives ot various interests in each Colony were invited to be present at the celebrations. And so it was only in keeping with the importance of the movement that an official programme of the different entertainments was provided for the information and convenience of the visiting public and Government guests. The various Committees appointed by the Government had rendered the most valuable assistance in arranging a suitable programme. This set forth the entertainments for each day and night extending over the period of the celebrations—that is, from the ist January to the Sth, inclusive. To every guest was sent a copy of the programme, with tickets for the numerous events. In their chronological order, the entertainments may be recorded as follow :—

Monday, December 31.

Special Services at 11 p.m. were held in all the churches for prayer and intercession to Almighty God for Divine Blessing on the Empire, and the Commonwealth and States, and were attended by immense congregations.

The visiting Imperial and Intercolonial Military Officers were entertained at an excursion to the Hawkesbury River. Special trains left Redfern at io o’clock, and conveyed the guests to the river, where the steamer “General Gordon” was waiting. The weather was somewhat oppressive, and the journey by train fatiguing. On arrival, the party were provided on board with an oyster luncheon. After partaking of refreshments, the journey was continued for a distance of 32 miles up the river. The Highland Light Infantry Band, by the courtesy of Captain Sacrse-Dickens,

officer in command of the visiting corps to which they are attached, played a number of selections, which added considerably to the enjoyment of the outing.

On reaching their destination an elaborate banquet was laid out on board the “General Gordon,” lion. W. H. Wood, Minister of Justice, presiding. Amongst those present were Captains Rich, Rolleston, and Currie (of the Royal Navy), and the following representatives of the Imperial troops:—-Colonels the Rev. Townend and Father Foran, Captains the Rev. Allen and Chapman, Majors Asquith, Fisher, and Harding, Captains Heneage, Whiston, C. Matthews, Cowan, Lord Falconer, and Fielden, Lord Cole, and the Hon. E. Baring. Of intercolonial officers there were present Colonel Hughes, Lieutenant-Colonels M'Williams, Solomon, Thomson, and IIampson, Colonels Dean, Stewart, and Lovely; Majors Scriven, Howlands, and Adams. Local forces were represented by Lieutenant-Colonel Neild, Lieutenant-Colonel Oldershaw, Colonel Waddell, Major Holmes, Captain Kyngdon, Major M'Cormick, and a number of visiting medical gentlemen.

The loyal toast having been honored, the Chairman, in proposing “Our Guests,” said that the present excursion was not given by the Government from an official standpoint, but out of social fellowship and good-feeling. Australians were wont to boast that it had been their privilege to light shoulder to shoulder in South Africa with the forces of the British Empire, and although many of those present had not had that opportunity, still they had the privilege of sitting side by side with them at a festive board in a social way. He regretted that Colonel Wyndham and the Commandants of some of the other colonies were unable to be present. It was pleasant to feel that that gathering of members and partners of the Empire was a fitting prelude to the great event which was to take place next day. He assured those present that the Government were gratified to know that so many had accepted their invitation.

Major Asquith responded on behalf of the Imperial visitors. Cheers were given for the Navy, Federated Australia, and for those on service in South Africa.

The company returned to the Metropolis at 6 o’clock.

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    .03

1st Day.—Tuesday, January 1.

The whole of the day was absorbed in witnessing the marshalling and marching of the great Procession from the Domain to the Centennial Park, and the Ceremony of the Swearing-in.

COMMONWEALTH


AUSTRALIA

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STATE BANQUET.

In the evening a State Banquet was held in the Town Hall, in honor of the Inauguration of the Australian Commonwealth.

T he occasion brought to mind a banquet given in the same hall by the Government of New South Wales in 1891, when the late Sir Henry Parkes was Prime Minister, and at which the veteran statesman presided. A distinct feature of the event was the fact that speeches were delivered by the Governors of all the Australian colonies and New Zealand, who then expressed sentiments of the union which the present banquet was to celebrate.

The capacious hall itself was resplendent with bunting and a combination of a thousand flags representative of every clime, and the stage bedecked with a forest of greenery and flowers, in the centre of which stood the Royal Coat of Arms. The galleries were crowded with ladies, the banqueting tables occupying the floor of the hall. The scene was splendid to behold. Never before in the history of the continent had such a brilliant assemblage gathered together under one roof.

About 1,000 guests attended the banquet, including representatives of South Africa, Ceylon, New Zealand, and other colonies, and the more prominent citizens of the States constituting the Commonwealth. At 8 o’clock the band played “ God Save the Queen,” which announced the arrival of the Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales and his suite. The Governor-General was too indisposed to attend, and therefore Sir Frederick Darley presided. His Excellency was surrounded by distinguished visitors and officers of the Imperial Army wearing stars and insignia indicative of the honors which had been conferred upon them. On the right of the Chairman sat His Excellency Admiral Pearson, and on his left His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor of South Australia, the Right Hon. Sir Samuel Way. At the main table also sat the Hon. Sir William Lyne, His Honor Sir Samuel Griffith, G.C.M.G. (Chief justice of Queensland), the Right Hon. Edmund Barton, Q.C. (Prime Minister of the Commonwealth), His Grace the Archbishop of Sydney, the Right Hon. Sir John Forrest, the Hon. Sir John Downer, His Honor Sir Robert Stout (Chief Justice of New Zealand), the Right Hon. R. J. Seddon (Prime Minister of New Zealand), the Hon. F. B. Suttor (Vice-President of the Executive Council, N.S.W.), the Right Hon. G. H. Reid, Q.C., M.P., the Hon. John See, the Hon. J. R. Dickson, the Right Hon. Sir George Turner (Prime Minister of Victoria), the Hon. J. Frost (Cape Colony), Mr. Henniker Heaton, M.P. (England), _ Lieutenant-Colonel Wyndham, C.B., the Hon. R. E. O’Connor, Q.C., the Hon. R. Philp (Prime Minister of Queensland), the Hon. F. W. Holder (Prime Minister of South Australia), the Hon. N. E. Lewis (Prime Minister of Tasmania), the Right Hon. C. C. Kingston, the Hon. A. Deakin, His Grace Archbishop Carr (Melbourne), Hon. F. R. Moore (Natal), Sir H. Bentley,


Lieutenant-Colonel Peyton, Major-General French, His Honor Mr. Justice Owen, and Hon. C. P. Layard (Attorney-General of Ceylon). The Hon. B. R. Wise, O.C. (Attorney-General), the Hon. E. W. O’Sullivan (Minister for Works), the Hon. J. Perry (Minister for Education), the Hon. J. L. Fegan (Minister for Mines), and the Hon. W. H. Wood (Minister of Justice), occupied Vice-chairs.

While the guests were dining, the Royal Artillery Band played a number of selections. After dinner, Sir Frederick Darley rose and stated that he had just received the following letter from His Excellency the Governor-General:—

Government House,

My dear Sir Frederick,    Sydney, 1 January, 1901.

It is with the greatest regret that I write these few lines to tell you that I am so thoroughly tired out with my day’s work as to be quite unfit to attend the State Banquet this evening. I trust that you, and those who will be present with you to-night, will believe what a keen disappointment this is to me, as it leaves me with a certain sense of incompleteness in the day’s proceedings. I had hoped to say in a few words how greatly I have felt the kindness and sympathy which have been extended to Lady Hopetoun and myself by the people of Sydney, and of Australia generally, since we landed on this favoured continent. I should have much wished, too, to try and tell my good friends in this fair city how moved I was this morning by the magnificent reception accorded to the Queen’s representative; how deeply impressed I was by the vast masses of Her Majesty's loyal subjects—so orderly, so good-tempered, and so sympathetic. With such a people there can be no doubt as to the future of this great country. That Australia may be happy, prosperous, peaceful, and contented is my earnest prayer and confident prediction.

The sentiments expressed by His Excellency in his letter were heartily cheered.

The Chairman then proposed the loyal toast—•

The Queen.”

He said : It is not usual when proposing this toast, which is always the first, to do more than pronounce those words which excite loyal feeling in the heart of all our fellow-subjects, whatsoever be their class, creed, or colour. On this occasion, however, I may be pardoned if I point out that when Her Majesty came to the throne these States were Crown colonies with but little power of self-government. Years rolled on, and when the fit time came each colony obtained at the hands of Her Majesty a Constitution, perhaps the most liberal in the world. For many years, under the benificent sway of our beloved Queen, we Australians were learning to govern ourselves. Statesmen arose capable of governing each colony, and

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.


io6


at length they formed a Constitution, to which Her Majesty has given her assent, and with this Constitution on this auspicious day, the first of the twentieth century, a nation has sprung into existence. That she feels a keen personal interest in this day’s proceedings which have given birth to a new nation we may rest assured. She has evinced it in sending her Lord Chamberlain, a valued officer, to be the first of the Governors-General, and in permitting the Duke and Duchess of York, standing so near her throne, to come here and in her name to open our first Parliament. (Applause.) The Queen has also sent us the flower of her troops to help to swell the pageant of this day. (Applause.) May she live for many years to see this nation taking its place in the van amongst her possessions. (Cheers.) I ask you now to drink to her, who, while she is among the best of women, is also the noblest among the Sovereigns of the earth—“ Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen.”

The toast was received with loud cheering and the singing of “ God Save the Queen.”

The Prince of Wales and the Royal Family.”

The Chairman also proposed the toast of “The Prince of Wales and the Royal Family." He said : In asking you to drink to this toast, I may be permitted to call your attention to the fact that the Prince and Princess of Wales have consented to their son and daughter coming to Australia to open our first Parliament. This is a circumstance that should be remembered at this very moment.

The toast was honored with enthusiasm, and the band played “ God bless the Prince of Wales.”

The Governor-General.”

This toast was proposed by Sir William Lyne. He said: Your Excellency, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—As Prime Minister of New South Wales, I had the great honor of extending to His Excellency the Governor-General and Lady Hopetoun a hearty welcome on behalf of the people of the mother colony of Australia. Lord Hopetoun’s appointment to the distinguished position of first Governor-General of the Commonwealth was received with universal satisfaction in these colonies, where he made many friends while he was Governor of Victoria. (Cheers.) It is eloquent testimony of the esteem in which he is held that in New South Wales it was recognised as fully as it was in the colony with which he had been particularly associated a few years ago, that no better choice could have been made by Her Majesty. It is a matter of deep regret to us all that the state of His Excellency’s health does not permit him to be with us this evening, but we rejoice to know that both His Excellency and Lady Hopetoun are rapidly progressing towards complete recovery. (Cheers.) The inauguration of the Commonwealth is being celebrated under the happiest auspices. (Hear hear. The heavy clouds of depression which hung over Australia when Lord Hopetoun was last with us have passed away. Alike in the development of our natural resources and in the extension of our commerce, the





INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    107

prospects for the future are of the brightest. (Cheers.) Everywhere there is a hopeful feeling that the new order of things which has been ushered in with this, the first day of the new century, will not only intensify and quicken the national spirit, but will greatly add to the material welfare of the people. This is not a selfish feeling. The material prosperity of the new nation will not affect the people of Australia alone; it will contribute to the strength and greatness of the British Empire, and, therefore, improve the prospects of permanent peace amongst the nations of the world. (Cheers.) A strong and united Empire is the best guarantee of such peace. That is an opinion in which I feel sure the representatives of those great nations who honor us with their presence this evening, and who have laboured so hard and so successfully to show their friendship for us on this historic occasion, can cordially acquiesce. For while, unfortunately, in the past, civil war has stalked grimly through many fair lands and spread desolation and sorrow around, it is the tendency of the present age, for people of kindred race, speaking a common tongue, to unite for the promotion of trade interests and for the purposes of national defence, and year by year war is becoming more and more a contingency only possible between peoples of opposite national characteristics and diverse tongues, which beget feelings of international jealousy and fan the flames of international discord. (Applause.) The existence, therefore, of a group of nations bound together, as Sir Henry Parkes, the father of Federation, with that felicity of expression for which he was noted, happily said, by “ the crimson thread of kinship,” worshipping one God, owning allegiance to one Sovereign, and speaking one language, encourages the hope that the day is not far distant when arbitration, and not the sword, will settle all differences which arise, and that the great Powers will abandon their camps of armed men and meet in friendly rivalry in the cultivation of the soil, in the extension ot the arts and sciences, and in the enactment of legislation for the amelioration of those social conditions which make the lot of thousands of our fellowmen a curse from which they are glad to escape. (Cheers.) I am indulging in no extravagance of language when I say that the eyes of the world are directed to Sydney to-day. Friendly and hostile nations alike, if the latter exist, cannot witness without emotion the spectacle of the birth of a new nation, inhabiting a country of vast extent, separated by great seas from other lands, and with immeasurable possibilities of expansion. In itself the spectacle is one which must affect profoundly the most far-seeing of living statesmen. But when it is viewed in the light of the knowledge that this nation is rising to take its place in times of stress and danger by the side of the people of those tiny islands washed by the cold and stormy northern seas, when it is known that this new nation is not only willing, but eager, to help to bear the heavy burden of Empire, the event becomes one of still more surpassing interest. Some time in the future, not far distant I hope, British statesmen will find international problems easier of solution because of the existence of the Australian nation. (Cheers.) It is singular that the beginning of the last three centuries has witnessed a momentous change in the direction of the consolidation and growth of the British Empire. At the beginning of the seventeenth century', in the year 1603, the perennial feuds between England and Scotland came to an end by the succession of the King of Scotland to the English throne.



A h




It took another hundred years to bring about the real union between the two rival kingdoms, and to make the geographical term of Great Britain a political reality. (Cheers.) That union took place practically at the beginning of the eighteenth century, in the year 1707. At that time the foreign possessions of Britain were not of much importance. True, she had her American plantations and a little settlement of merchant-adventurers here and there, but all her real expansion has taken place during the last 200 years. By the beginning of the nineteenth century, Britain had lost her former American possessions, and gained others. She had partly conquered India, and had taken formal possession of Australia, and planted a forlorn little colony not far from the spot where I now stand. 'Hear, hear.) The beginning of the century which has just closed—it was actually in the year 1800—saw legislative union with Ireland an accomplished fact, and a Parliament of Great Britain and Ireland in existence. But it also saw Britain at war with France and her allies, a war which after years of strenuous exertion, left her richer by much territory, principally in India and South Africa. Since that time there has been a healthy rivalry between the three principal colonial possessions of England. (Cheers. But how different were their destinies. Canada— which might have been presumed to present the most difficult race problem of the three, after having been in British hands for a little over a hundred years—saw this problem solved and federation established in 1867, and there are to-day no more loyal subjects of the Queen than the French Canadians, one ol whom, I am happy to say, has for some years acted as Her Majesty’s chief adviser in that part of the world, and will be present with us very soon. (Applause.) It is only thirty-three years since the Dominion of Canada was founded, but during that time the British Empire has shown truly marvellous expansion. It has added nearly a million square miles to its territory. It has added over 60,000,000 people to those then owning its sway. Its trade has increased by nearly £500,000,000. (Hear, hear.) In Australasia alone, during the period of thirty-three years, the population has increased by 3,000,000; trade has increased by more than £ 100,000,000 sterling. (Cheers.) South Africa presented a double problem. There were both the original black owners of the soil and the sons of the early Dutch colonists to be reckoned with. The black difficulty has been overcome, and the Dutch difficulty seems to be in the way of settlement. I am rejoiced to think that in the settlement of this difficulty Australia has been able to render the mother country important service, and that this has, in the eyes of the world, vastly increased the significance of to-day’s inauguration ceremonials. (Cheers.) It is my earnest hope that the pacification of the South African colonies will be complete at no distant date, and that Briton and Boer will soon be animated by the friendly feeling which marks the relations between the French and British Canadians. (Cheers.) It may be the good fortune of many of those present at this great gathering to-night to be present at the inauguration ceremonials of the South African federation, embracing Cape Colony, Natal, Basutoland, Rhodesia, the Transvaal Colony, and the Orange River Colony. To secure the early pacification of the country, which is so much to be desired, 1 feel sure that Australia will be willing to continue to render that service which the Imperial authorities have so highly appreciated (cheers);

and that it is the desire of the people of this new nation that the spectacle which we witnessed to-day of Australian troops marching side by side with their English, Scottish, Irish, and Indian brethren will be repeated under grimmer conditions whenever occasion arises. (Applause.) At the beginning of the twentieth century the Commonwealth of Australia is founded, and who shall say that its effect on the fortunes of the British Empire will be less important than those which marked the opening years of the three previous centuries r Of the three great British colonial possessions Australia’s lot has been the happiest. Unlike Canada and South Africa, she has not had a race problem to solve. (Hear, hear.) She has been settled by people of British stock, who have, however, according to British policy, always welcomed strangers who came to settle amongst them, especially if such strangers were of kindred race, and, therefore, quick to adapt themselves to her social and political institutions. (Cheers.) Such difficulties as she has had have been to a great extent difficulties of nature, with some trifling difficulties of her own creation. When Captain Cook, a little more than 130 years ago, took possession of the whole eastern coast of this continent for His Majesty King George the Third, his act w^ls probably dictated by the good old English custom, which is not altogether unknown now, of taking possession of whatever land seemed to be nobody’s property in particular, so great is our belief in our powers of colonisation. After that event twenty years passed before the first settlement of the country was founded; and it is not quite twelve years since we celebrated the hundredth anniversary of the landing of our first settlers. (Hear, hear.) But what changes have occurred in those 112 years r Captain Phillip was appointed Governor of, practically,


I TO


?!

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

the eastern half of the continent, together with the adjacent islands. The western half was not even taken into consideration. For a number of years settlement was limited to the immediate surroundings of Sydney, but gradually it spread to all points of the compass. At first it left such large gaps of what was then considered practically valueless territory, and communication between the places was so difficult, that separation into different colonies became almost a matter of necessity. Thus we first saw Tasmania cut off from the mother colony,—then New Zealand, next Victoria, and finally Queensland; while South Australia, on its foundation, received a liberal slice of the unsettled territory included in Captain Phillip’s commission ; and Western Australia and South Australia, between them, took up the whole western half of the continent; so that for a little more than forty years Australia has been divided into the present seven colonies. (Cheers.) But although it was necessary to grant to the individual colonies the right of self-government within their own boundaries, it was nevertheless recognised by our most experienced politicians and clearest thinkers that the protection of the country and other questions of national interest would, in the course of time, force the colonies into federation ; and it is fitting that, at the dawn of this twentieth century, this re-union should take place, and that Sydney should be the landing-place of the first Governor-General. (Loud cheers.) From the date of her first settlement, it has only taken Australia a very few years more to arrive at federation than it took Canada after she became a British possession, and prior to that Canada had already been settled for 200 years. While our federation is at present one of six instead of seven colonies, it is our sincere wish that the twentieth century will not be far advanced when New Zealand will be able to enter the Commonwealth, and that at no distant date we shall extend our dominion over the whole of the Southern seas. (Applause.) It was in no hostile spirit that we objected to the establishment of a New Zealand Federation with Fiji. Our action was dictated by a desire to conserve the best interests of the whole of the Australias; and we shall welcome the delegation which New Zealand is sending to our shores for the purpose of inquiring into federation. (Cheers.) The step which we have taken to-day is one which we cannot retrace. There can be no looking back. The Constitution under which we are about to live and to labour must receive the loyal support of every Australian. Constitutional strife has ended. No change must be made except such as is demanded by experience. (Hear, hear.) Any alteration which experience may suggest must be made by the people working as a whole for the successful issue which they hope to secure for Australia and for the Empire. Such alteration will be in the direction of the extension of federation, not in the nature of its restriction. (Cheers.) Let our objects be the federation of the whole of the Australias, the extension of our dominion of the whole of the southern seas, the federation of the whole of her children under the dominion of the mother of nations—Britannia, and then, universal peace. (Great cheering.)

The toast was received with great enthusiasm, and, at the instance of Sir William Lyne, cheers were given for Lord Hopetoun.

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“ The Navy.”

The Hon. N. E. Lewis, Prime Minister of Tasmania, rose to propose the toast of “ The Navy.” He said : Your Excellency, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—In proposing this toast, I would say that we recognise that for over a century we have been allowed to develop in peace and prosperity. We have been allowed to develop our own resources. That is because we have had the protection of the British navy, which has safeguarded our commerce, and we have grown from very small beginnings to the magnitude to which we have this day attained. (Hear, hear.) We have been able in some very small measure to contribute to that Imperial navy; but the birth of the Commonwealth, which we have witnessed to-day, means that we have taken greater responsibilities upon ourselves, and we are ready to contribute in a greater degree to the support of the navy which protects us and our commerce. (Cheers.) The Admiral has been a quiet, though not an uninterested, spectator in the aspirations of Australians during the term of his command here. (Cheers.) He has seen the Commonwealth Bill pass through all its stages, and he has seen the Constitution carried into effect this day formed by the people represented. He knows that it is a Constitution approved by the Imperial Parliament, by the people, and which has received the sanction of Her Majesty the Queen. (Cheers.) Our loyalty has been proved on the battlefields of South Africa. (Cheers.) I feel we are bidding the Admiral good-bye this evening. We hope he will take our loyal wishes to the Queen, and that he will have pleasant recollections of his rule on the Australian station. We also hope that in departing he will take with him the best wishes of the people of Australia. (Cheers.)

His Excellency Admiral Pearson, in responding to the toast, said : Your Excellency, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—On behalf of the British navy, I beg to give you my hearty thanks for the way in which you have received the toast. In this large and representative gathering it is a pleasure to have a toast so well proposed. (Cheers.) The navy of Great Britain thoroughly reciprocates the good wishes of Australia. The colonies and the navy have always been together for over one hundred years, and we have always got on very well together. On behalf of the navy, I congratulate the colonies on the accomplishment of federation. (Applause.)

“ The Lieutenant-Governors.”

The Right Hon. G. H. Reid proposed the toast of “ The Lieutenant-Governors.” He said : Your Excellency, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I hope this great gathering will associate with the toast of “ The Lieutenant-Governors,” not only the distinguished gentlemen who are present to-night, but also the Lieutenant-Governors of the other colonies who have been unable to attend. Sir Samuel Way is the senior Lieutenant-Governor, Sir Frederick Darley comes next, and Sir Samuel Griffith follows. These three gentlemen are well known to all of you. They have lived their lives here and rendered distinguished services to Australia. (Cheers.) We should consider their service to the Colony and the Empire in the same manner as we consider the service of more distinguished servants who reside in the Mother

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

I 12


Country. The glory and strength of the British Empire are very much maintained—to use an expression of the late Sir Henry Parkes—by “ that crimson thread of kinship ” which makes every official and every subject loyal in the maintenance of the institutions of the Empire. (Cheers.) We hope the genius of the Constitution and the freedom of the people will always receive a quick sympathy from the occupants of the British throne. It is the glory of our Empire that the Queen is as good a subject and is as quick to realise the democratic aspirations of the Empire as the greatest democrat in the most radical community. (Loud cheering.)

The Right Hon. Sir Samuel Way, in responding, said : Your Excellency, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—Mr. Reid has claimed attention by force of the great popularity which his service to the State has gained him in this community, and by force of his great and


unrivalled powers of oratory. I will ask you for the same favour on the ground of forbearance. There have been some differences of opinion as to what has been the greatest achievement of the century which has just passed away. Mr. Balfour a few months ago said that that achievement lay in the advancement of science. Lord Rosebery a few weeks ago said that the distinction of the century was that it was an era of emancipation. The Minister in London for the United States had also stated that the greatest achievement of the century was the marvellous development of the Great Republic which he represented, bracketed with the marvellous expansion of the Empire of Great Britain. I venture to say that there can be no doubt that the great event which we have celebrated this day has struck the keynote of the coming century, and as we peer into the vista of the next hundred years we can seethe shadow of coming events. (Applause.) I am glad that we have amongst us Mr. Seddon, the mighty Premier of New Zealand, and also Sir Robert Stout, the distinguished Chief Justice of that Colony. It is a happy augury that they are holding out a friendly hand to the Commonwealth. (Cheers.) The presence of the distinguished representative from South Africa leads us to hope that by the valour of Australia’s sons, as well as that of the British Army, South Africa will soon be pacified, and that the century will not be far advanced before that country' will be

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    113

as peaceful and mighty as federated Australia or federated Canada. (Loud cheers. The gracious message of Her Majesty encourages us to look forward, so far as the Anglo-Saxon race is concerned, to the “ Parliament of Nations and the Federation of the World.” (Cheers.) I venture to make these remarks with a view of showing that the Lieutenant-Governors and all visitors from other States are deeply sensible of the distinguised honour which has been paid to us by the toast. My Right Hon. friend, Mr. Reid, gracefully referred to the Lieutenant-Governors who are not present. Victorians, and indeed all Australians, agree in prizing the great services rendered to Federation by Sir John Madden, and by that great statesman and judge in his own Colony, Sir Samuel Griffith. (Cheers.) It is impossible to bestow more honour upon these gentlemen than has been given to them to-night. I will complete the list of the Lieutenant-Governors by a reference to His Excellency, Sir Frederick Darley, Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales, whose graciousness, dignity, and nobility of character have won the admiration and affection of all.

Applause.) Let me say in conclusion that underlying the toast we have just drunk there is the sentiment of loyalty to the Constitution and loyalty to the Crown. (Loud cheers.)

The Army and Volunteers.”

This toast was proposed by the Hon. John See, Colonial Secretary of New South Wales, who said: Your Excellency, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I have been honoured in being asked to propose the toast of “ The Army and Volunteers of the Empire.” You will notice on the list of toasts that the Navy, Army, and Volunteers are all bracketed together. When the toast of the Navy was drunk, His Excellency responded on behalf of the Navy, and I desire now to say a few, and only a few, words in reference to the Army and Volunteers. We are delighted—all Australia is delighted—in being able to welcome amongst us in these festivities the representatives of thirty-nine different regiments of Great Britain, and sixty regiments of India. (Cheers.) This is an epoch unexampled in the history of the world —(cheers'—and one that goes to show that Australia has attained an exalted position, and that a significance is attached to our unity by the great mother country. (Cheers.) With regard to the Army, we have here to-day some of the most distinguished officers in Her Majesty’s forces. We have some who have seen active service, and one—Colonel Wyndham —has the distinction of sendee which may be envied by any officer in charge of 1 ler Majesty’s troops. (Cheers.) While we recognise the great importance of the Army of Great Britain, and of what it has done to attain the independence of the old country, we have to look to another factor which, perhaps, will become more important to us as years go on. That factor is the volunteer forces. (Cheers. : The colonies, during the last few months, have done great credit to themselves by sending to South Africa a number of the very best of their sons to fight side by side with the troops of the old country. Our troops have obtained most favourable commendation from the high military authorities, and have also obtained the recognition of the Queen. (Cheers.) I think that in the years to come we shall look more and more to our volunteers, as a means not only of ensuring the safety of our own country, but, if necessary, of supplying the sinews of war for the old country. (Cheers.)









The toast having been drunk with enthusiasm,—

Lieutenant-Colonel Wyndham (in command of the visiting Imperial troops said : Your Excellencies and Gentlemen,—I am encouraged to think that the army is popular in Australia—(cheers)—and if 1 am right in this supposition, I consider that you have a just right to be proud of your army. (Cheers.) I am proud to stand here as the mouthpiece of the Imperial representative corps and to thank you for the kind words which have just been uttered, as well as to express our gratitude for the way in which you, gentlemen, have endorsed these words, and made them your own. Believe me, I express the feelings of the whole corps in thus thanking you, not only for the way in which the toast has been received, but also for the magnificent welcome which has been extended to us by this great city—a welcome so spontaneous, so hearty, that we venture to think it stands for the welcome of the whole continent. (Loud cheers.) In the corps we have representatives from every branch of the troops in the British army. We have in our ranks men whose regimental colours are emblazoned with the names of every great battle and campaign which has helped to build the Empire. (Cheers.) To us has been permitted the honour of conveying the army’s gratification at those excellent Australian contingents which have fought side by side with us in South Africa—men whose names are known and respected in every garrison in England, whose regiments are looked upon as part and parcel of our own. Cheers.) They are in fact our blood relations, our brothers in arms, brothers in suffering, and brothers in death. 1 have a message to give you from the British Army. We think that in the next campaign Australia will claim it as a right to fight side by side with their English comrades (Cheers.) We hope to see in England detachments selected from the Australian Army to attend our camps and manoeuvres and to learn the latest ideas of drill and tactics and staff duties. In the next campaign we hope to see a corps, perhaps a regiment, a brigade, or even an army corps, commanded by their own general and their own officers, and with such an army we shall be able to checkmate any enemy that may cross our path—(loud cheers)—or block the road of freedom and prosperity. That is the message we have come across half the world to deliver. (Renewed cheers.) The representatives of the British Army wish you well in your Commonwealth, and thank you for the magnificent welcome, and wish you all prosperity and happiness. (Cheers.)

The Commonwealth.''

The Right Hon. Sir Samuel Griffith, P.C. (Chief Justice of Queensland , rose to propose the toast of “ The Commonwealth.” He said : Your Excellency, Ladies and Gentlemen, I propose the toast of the Commonwealth of Australia. (Cheers.) The toast is absolutely unprecedented in the history of the world, and I wish I were competent to do justice to it. Tou will pardon me, Gentlemen, if I am unable to make my voice heard above the hubbub of conversation. I am not as familiar as I was some years ago with public speaking, but I will endeavour to say a few things which I think ought to be said on this great occasion. I have said the occasion is unprecedented. (Hear, hear.) That is so. Some people compare the events and the work done during the last few years in the federation of Australia, and which has been consummated to-day, with the establishment of the Dominion of Canada. There is no comparison The establishment of the Dominion of Canada, though it has kirgely grown since its inception, was simply the absorption of two provinces by the already united provinces of Upper and Lower Canada. Another comparison, which is a better one, has been made between the federation of Australia and the German Empire ; but, even that comparison fails in a most important particular. The German Empire was the act of the rulers of the people, and the people were not asked for their opinion. In this instance, the union of the Australian States is the work of the people of the Australian States. (Cheers.)


It is the deliberate application of their minds, over a large series of years, to the subject.

They have determined that it is good for them to unite and form a new union on the face of the earth. This new union is a nation for a continent, and there is a continent for the nation. (Cheers.) Few of you people realise how vast the continent is that the Government of the Commonwealth is called upon to govern.

Even the one State, from which I come—and it is only one of six—is as large as the great States of France, Germany, and Austria-IIungary, combined. There is more than that.

In this great island continent there is an infinite diversity of climate and conditions ot which, however, many of you know. There is one variety of conditions absent. That is the kind of condition you find at the North Pole or any other place where a European cannot thrive. But, there are other conditions in which Europeans can thrive and multiply.

There never was such an opportunity for a union in this world. (Cheers.) It is impossible on an occasion like this, where we are at the parting of the ways, where we are closing the old book and opening the new book, with regard to, not only the union of the Australian colonies, but the century, itself, to refrain from saying one or two words about the past. fCheers.) I will not go back to the days before my own time. I was a boy in Sydney. 1 am proud to be a graduate of its University. I will only refer to the events which began seventeen years ago. I see around me to-night many gentlemen with whom I had the honour to sit when a Convention was held, when a true foundation was laid in the Federal Council. That was a beginning only. It had a fatal defect, that

i



116

it did not secure the adhesion of the colony of New South Wales. Further, it did not secure the adhesion and support of the late Sir Henry Parkes. Until Sir Henry Parkes threw his weight into the movement for Australian federation it made little progress; but, when eleven years ago, Sir Henry Parkes took the matter up warmly, the people of Australia thought it was time that something should be done. (Cheers.) Ten years ago a great assembly met in this hall, presided over by Sir Henry Parkes. A large and distinguished company met to celebrate what they believed to be the inauguration of the federation of Australia. They were right. (Cheers.) Perhaps, some of them were over sanguine as to the time that would be required for its accomplishment. Sir Henry Parkes did not live to see the completion of his labour. We, who are here to-night, ought not to forget that it is to his labours that we are indebted for the celebration we are now making. (Cheers.) I believe that the Convention of 1891 did good work. I was proud to work in endeavouring to form the Constitution. I think that some of the men, with whom I worked, have passed away; but a large majority still live, and I believe, an “absolute majority” are present here to-night. We have had differences of opinion on many points, but, at last, we have arrived at a conclusion which we can all accept. (Cheers.) Shortly after that meeting of 1891, I was personally compelled to stand aside. It was a matter of great regret to me. However, since that time, I have ventured to express opinions in a manner which some people have thought excessive. I have given my opinion to my fellow-citizens to take it or leave it as they please. If I have done wrong I am satisfied with all the blame I have got for it. This is the last opportunity I can ever have for taking any part in a cause I have had more at heart than anything else I remember, because, in the future I must be a spectator. One thing I was particularly anxious for—that was, that the union when made, should be the union of all Australia, that it should be in truth the people for the continent and the continent for the people. (Cheers.) I have done my level best, and when I saw the results of the ballot in Western Australia, when the people agreed to throw in their lot with the rest of Australia, it gave the map of Australia an entirely new aspect to me. I think those who have taken part in the fight may be glad of the result of their labour. (Cheers.) Although we have made great progress, and are united, much work has still to be done. The .ship is only launched. We have appointed officers, but we have not appointed a crew; we have an experienced Statesman at the head, but the officers can do nothing without the people. The Goverment of Australia can do nothing without the people ot Australia, which means the public opinion of Australia. Without that the Ministers will be a failure. (Cheers.) Encourage them. Pardon their mistakes. Their business is to promote your welfare. If you will stand by them you will show that the Australian people are not unworthy of (he British race I referred just now to the extent of this territory. You are no longer six separate entities. All Australia is your interest. (Cheers.) The first thing you have to do is to make yourself acquainted with Australia, generally. No longer limit yourself to your own State. One word to those people who think that the colonies are subject to some diminution of status by the establishment of the Commonwealth. It may be a small amount of power has been given up to the Commonwealth Parliament, but what




INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

do you get in return r For how many years has the word “ colonial ” stood as a word of disparagement in Great Britain ? However, to-day the term “ colonial ” has disappeared, so far as Australia is concerned. (Cheers.) We are Australians. The status of every Australian is raised by the consummation of to-day. Thus I take my leave of the federation movement, in which 1 have been concerned for so many years. I thank those who have invited me to propose the toast of the Commonwealth, for giving me such an opportunity of taking my leave of the movement. I leave it an established fact, and I look forward to its future with the warmest interest. Of all the people in Australia there is no one who will drink this toast more heartily than will I. (Loud cheers.)

The toast was drunk with the utmost enthusiasm.

m




The Right Hon. Edmund Barton, P.C., responded. He said : Your Excellencies, My Lord Archbishop, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—My Right honourable friend who was dignified by that title on the same day as I was, and who was my leader in the; Convention of 189r, and in the framing of the Bill that year, which is the ground-work of the Act of to-day, has not, 1 think, been properly received, and has not been properly listened to. (Hear, hear.) As one of the framers of the Bill to which I refer, I heartily condemn those who prefer to listen to ordinary conversation rather than to the elevating words of that distinguished man. In response to the toast of the Commonwealth, I may say that we have had an enormously successful gathering to-day in inaugurating the Commonwealth. Few cities, outside London, could have furnished the magnificent demonstration which Sydney furnished this very day. (Hear, hear.) New South Wales has, to-day, opened her arms to the Australian Commonwealth. We must note that the centre of that demonstration was the people, who may well be complimented for the order and enthusiasm which characterised the proceedings. For myself, I own to a personal indebtedness to the people for a reception which, in its enthusiasm, I have never experienced before; but I appropriate it to the cause of union, and am not vain enough to attribute this great result to any personal merit of my own. (Applause.) Sydney, to-day, had a great right to exult, There were many in Sydney, who, on the question of the terms of union, were divided, but who were not opposed to union itself. I find throughout the State, to-day, tens of thousands of good men and women who do not believe in the Constitution, in the form in which it is framed, but who, nevertheless, believe in giving it a fair trial, and accepting it as a measure dictated by the majority of the people, and framed by gentlemen who had the confidence of the people. The chief benefits of union will, I believe, fall to New South Wales, and the chief place in the Commonwealth—capital or not capital—will, I believe, always be Sydney; for nowhere else in the whole inhabitable world would you find such facilities as exist here, and which enabled Sydney to offer such a splendid spectacle as was presented to-day. (Cheers.) Nowhere else could you find such a combination, such natural resources of wealth and such wonderful resources of beauty as exist in New South Wales. Here our position is absolutely assured, but I believe it will not be at the expense of the Commonwealth or at the expense of any other State. (Applause.) We shall have to put aside the jealousies and rancorous









n8    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

feelings which once existed, and while New South Wales may prove more prosperous and progressive as a State in the Commonwealth, she will be glad to know that the same benefits will accrue to Australia, generally. (Cheers.) If divided we cannot reap the whole benefit of the union ; but with union the benefits which we desire to achieve will be accomplished. It is certain that these benefits cannot be attained without union. (Applause.) Unite yourselves and preserve the union, and the benefits of the union will follow. It will require honest, earnest, and patient effort, as well as tact and mutual consideration, and without these we shall not fulfil the promise of to-day. (Applause.) The Father of the Constitution of New South Wales was Wentworth, whose name is honored with others in the Australian States, who founded the various constitutions which exist in the other States to-day. But it was Sir Henry Parkes—(Cheers)—who, from the beginning, recognised the potentialities of this great union. The work in which Sir Henry Parkes was engaged, and the accomplishment of which we are celebrating by the proceedings of to-day, was only interrupted by his death. It was a work in which I was content to serve with him as my leader and as one of the rank and file. To Sir Henry Parkes is due the fruition of the struggle to unite the colonies, and which has been, to-day, so happily brought about, and it was to me a great privilege to be enabled to continue the great man’s work. (Cheers.) I ask you to drink, in solemn silence, to the memory of Sir Henry Parkes.

At the invitation of Mr. Barton the guests rose and drank, in solemn silence, to the memory of Sir Henry Parkes.

Our Visitors.”

The Hon. F. B. Suttor (Vice-President of the Executive Council of New South Wales) proposed the toast of “ Our Visitors.” He said : Your Excellency, Ladies, and Gentlemen,— I do not intend to speak at any length. I take this opportunity to welcome among others the visit of the Right Hon. Richard Seddon, Premier of New Zealand, and may I say that if that colony has any desire to come into the Commonwealth of Australia, which we have this day so enthusiastically celebrated, l feel sure she will be welcomed with open arms. (Cheers.) The attitude of New Zealand in the matter of federation depends upon one man, and that man is Mr. Richard Seddon. (Cheers.) We all know that he is a typical man of “the bull-dog breed”—(applause)—and we are glad to see that he has brought with him, to partake of the festivities, the Maori Minister of New Zealand. Natal is represented here by her Minister, and so also are the Cape of Good Hope and Ceylon, and when we consider the urgent nature of the business which demands their attention in South Africa, we may take it that their coming amongst us on an occasion like that which we are now celebrating is a very great compliment indeed. (Cheers.) From this day Australia has become one and inseparable, and let us hope that South Africa, too, will speedily become united and be a great English-speaking community. (Cheers.) I ask you to drink to the toast of “Our Visitors.”

The toast was duly honored.











The Right lion. Richard Seddon (Premier of New Zealand) in responding, said: Your Excellencies, My Lord Archbishop, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I am proud to have had the opportunity of witnessing the celebration of to-day, and 1 was particularly struck with the good behaviour and order of the people. (Cheers.) I was present at the pageant connected with the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee in London, and I noticed that there was a great deal of want and misery there ; but so far as I was able to see, to-day, such a condition of things was entirely absent. (Cheers. I am pleased that the Governor-General was able to be present on the occasion, and 1 am sure that we all hope that he will speedily be restored to good health. In speaking of Federation, have no doubt that New Zealand is, in the language of a well-known fable, the ugly duckling of the group. Although my Colony has not yet seen its way to become united, still it is Australia’s friend, and in this great movement of Federation New Zealand wishes Australia every success. (Cheers.) New Zealand, speaking to United Australia, says, “ God protect you and God prosper you.” Anything that New Zealand can do to help Australia will be done. (Cheers.) There are difficulties in the way of New Zealand joining your Federation just at present. No constitution, which Australians could frame, would meet those difficulties ; but from the pageant, which I witnessed this day, I have learnt this lesson, that the people of Australia are nearer to the people of New Zealand than the people of New Zealand have ever known. (Cheers.) I can tell the people of New Zealand that I believe that the people of Australia are with them, heart and soul, and I think I can assure the people of Australia that the New Zealanders are wfith them, heart and soul. (Cheers.)



Have not the sons of the different colonies fought and bled on the battle-fields of South Africa, as though they belonged to one nation and one people? (Applause.) When we elapsed our hands out there it was with a feeling of brother to brother, that we were fighting in a good cause, and for our Oueen ; and if ever the time come when federated Australia shall require help the New Zealanders will fight for her, and shed their blood for her as they have shed it for the old country in South Africa. Cheers.) We also know, that if ever the emergency should arise, Australia tvould be willing to fight on behalf of New7 Zealand. (Applause.) We have here to-night a representative of the native race of



COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.


New Zealand, a race which is a good, hospitable, and noble people. In conclusion, let me say that I firmly believe that the people of United Australasia are destined to become one Empire with one destiny. My message to Australia from New Zealand is one which I will construe from the native Maoriland tongue, and it is “ Love, love, love; forever, forever, and forever.” Loud applause.)




The Hon. J. Frost Representative of the Cape of Hood Hope) also responded. He said: Your Excellency and Gentlemen,—1 should like to say a good deal respecting South Africa, and the way in which Australia has stood to that country; but, if 1 were to do so, I would be trespassing upon your time. I shall, therefore, be very brief. The people of South Africa are very grateful to you of Australia for the assistance rendered them in the hour of need. We thoroughly appreciated the men sent to us from all parts of Australia and New Zealand when we were in the greatest distress.' This, however, is not the time, or the hour, when one should go into the feelings of the people who have been so kindly treated by their fellow-colonists in other parts of the world. I shall, therefore, simply thank you for the kind manner in which the toast of “Our Visitors” has been proposed, and for the way in which it has been received. (Cheers.)



The Hon. F. R. Moor (Representative of Natal) also responded. He said: Your Excellency and Gentlemen,—I have a message to convey to you from the people of my colony. That message is a wish that prosperity may attend the new-born Commonwealth. (Cheers.) The historic event, which you have been celebrating this day, is one which appeals to all hearts.

Here in Australia you have what is known as a white man’s country. (Cheers.) You have a common interest, a continent for yourselves, and you are one family. That family 1 am proud to say belongs to the English race, and I am very proud to be able to congratulate you on such an historic event as this. (Applause.) 1 have a further message to deliver, one of heartfelt gratitude for the way in which Australians helped South Africa in the hour of her peril (Cheers.) It thrilled all our hearts, and the magnificent soldiers sent from here have done so well that W'e have been congratulated by the highest authorities in the Empire. It has had a further effect; it has made us all feel that we are colonials That assistance is a debt imposed upon South Africa, a debt w^hich it is, perhaps,

impossible to repay, but it is a debt which shall be    h,)N K< R moor,

remembered. We do not know but w'hat the assistance    Secretary for Native Affairs, Natal.







INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    t2t


given to us may yet assist in bringing about a South African Federation, such as we have seen inaugurated in Sydney to-day. (Cheers.) I am sure that none of the people of South Africa will be more proud than those of Natal in having representatives from this Commonwealth to assist on a like historic occasion. 1 hope, also, to see our Dutch fellow-colonists uniting with us in founding that federation. (Cheers.) It is a matter of pride, this night, for me to feel that I too belong to one of the colonies which have sprung from the dear old motherland, old England—a colony, which has poured out her best blood on the South African veldt, and has spent her treasure, without limit, in order to enable the people of that country to live in peace and security under the old flag. (Loud cheers.)

The Hon. Charles P. Layard (Representative ot Ceylon) also responded. He said: Your Excellencies,

I am very proud to have had


Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I am not going at this late hour to detain you long. I wish to say that the people of Ceylon are highly gratified at the invitation, which you sent them, to be represented at this celebration. Ceylon, as you are aware, is a small colony, and is nearly a Crown colony. We have about 8,000 Europeans out of a total population of about 3,000,000; but the sympathies of the whole people, Europeans and natives alike, are with the old country, and they fully appreciate the way in which a representative has been invited by Australia. (Cheers.) the opportunity of witnessing the celebrations which mark the inauguration of your Commonwealth, and you have my best wishes, and the wishes of Ceylon, for its success and prosperity. (Cheers.)

The Chairman

His Excellency Admiral Pearson, in a few words, proposed the toast of “ The Chairman,” which was received with much enthusiasm.

The Lieutenant-Governor, in responding, said : Your Excellency, my Lord Archbishop, and Gentlemen,—I am deeply touched with the reception given to this toast, and especially by the music—(“ A fine Old English Gentleman ”)—accompanying it. There is nothing to which I aspire more than being known as an “ Old Irish Gentleman.” (Cheers.) In replying to the toast, I will only say this—that the ship of State has been launched this day; she is lying at her moorings awaiting her equipment and crew: I hope that her mission, under the guidance of the Almighty, and for many years under the reign of our glorious Queen, may be one of liberty, peace, good government, and prosperity. (Loud cheers.)

The guests rose and sang “ God save the Queen.” "'bus ended the first Commonwealth State Banquet.






At 8 o’clock precisely, the main streets of the city presented the appearance of one perennial flame, and the brilliancy of the day’s ceremonies seemed to throw its reflection upon the thoroughfares at night. The illuminations were not alone confined to the metropolis, for throughout the suburbs there were intermittent displays of pyrotechnics, which appreciably added to the sight. Many of the public buildings were covered with electric or incandescent lights. The facades and cornices of palatial structures were effectively illuminated, while flag-poles, arches, and innumerable devices that spanned the full width of the street glistened with a dazzling sheen. Blazing stars and crowns, surmounting patriotic legends, and symbols bearing the words “Advance Federated Australia,” were prominent features of the display. Variegated lanterns and richly coloured globes stretched from street to street, and suggested the idea of a magnified fairyland—

“ The Power that did create can change the scene Of things; make mean of great, and great of mean ;

The brightest glory can eclipse that night,

And place the most obscure in dazzling light.”

Some of the contrivances were highly ingenious, and were carried to the highest eminences of spires and turrets of the most conspicuous buildings. The designs and figure heads of the innumerable representations so completely traversed with




light were as commendable as they were admirable. The lamp posts and awnings for the full length of the streets were connected by a chainwork of glow-lamps and lanterns, which were hung in lavish profusion. The most prominent public buildings and business houses were emblazoned with appropriate mottoes, such as “ God save the Queen,” “ God save the Governor-General,” and “Greetings to the Commonwealth.”

The scheme for the general illuminations was comprehensive and effective, and the display was of striking magnificence. Citizens heartily co-operated with the authorities to make the illuminations worthy of the tidings they were designed to convey. Everything was carried out on the most sumptuous scale, and the sight was one which must live indelibly in the memory of the spectators. The weather conditions were particularly favourable for the demonstration. During the greater part of the evening the sky was overcast, but the threatening clouds which hung over the city only intensified the brilliancy reflected by the continuous avenues of blazing light. The public parks, the domains, the Palace Gardens, and Botanic Gardens, were all bedecked with electric lights, fairy lights, and lanterns, while the borders of the flower beds were gaily ornamented with a series of reticulating fire. All traffic—other than a single file of vehicles, which were kept moving on each side, barricades being erected at all cross streets—was suspended in the streets during the illuminations. At an early hour after sundown, the crowds began to find their way into the city, and by half-past 9 o’clock the thoroughfares presented a pleasing picture never to be forgotten. It was estimated that over half a million persons moved through the streets of Sydney on the first night of the illuminations.

CYCLING CARNIVAL.

In the official programme for the entertainment of the people this night, in addition to the illuminations, was a carnival of the League of Wheelmen, which was held at the Sydney Cricket Ground. Thousands of persons patronised the grounds and witnessed the cycling under the glare of acetylene gas, which was a distinctive and attractive feature of the sport.

Second Day—Wednesday, January 2.

The official programme for this day included a Highland Gathering at the Sydney Cricket Ground at 10 a.m.; a Fire Brigade Procession through the streets at io-30 a.m.; a Swimming Carnival at Fitzroy Dock, Parramatta River, at 11 a.m.; a Fire Brigade display at Prince Alfred Park, Redfern, at 3 p.m.; and a Conversazione at the Town Hall at 2’30 p.m.

THK HIGHLAND GATHERING.

The Highland Gathering attracted a very large attendance, estimated at over

20,000 persons. The Governor-General paid a visit to the grounds. The day was beautiful and tine. A long programme of sports was carried out, including bayonet and sword contests, wrestling, tug-o’-war, caber-tossing, running, jumping, and innumerable other athletic items ; the dancing on the raised platform being a special feature of the attraction.

Through the medium of the newspapers, His Excellency had conveyed the following message to the Scotsmen of Australia :—“I desire to send my compliments to all Scotsmen, and to congratulate them on being associated with me in the inauguration of a great nation.”

THE LUNCHEON.

The Annual Luncheon was held in the hall on the grounds. The Hon. H. N. MacLaurin, M.D., M.L.C., President of the Society, presided. On his right sat His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales (Sir Frederick Darley), Sir William Lyne (Prime Minister of New South Wales), Colonel Crole Wyndham (Officer Commanding the Imperial Contingent), Sir Matthew Harris, M.L.A., Mr. John Garland, M.L.A., Mr. A. Wallace Sandford, M.P. (Adelaide), Rev. John Ferguson, Rev. Mr. Chapman (Presbyterian Chaplain to the visiting Contingents), Dr. Jamieson, Dr. McD. Gill, Captain Curry, Mr. A. J. Chamberlain, and Sir John McIntyre, M.P. (Melbourne); and on his left were Dr. Graham, M.L.A. (Mayor of

Sydney), The Right Hon. G. H. Reid, M.L.A , The Hon. A. Kethel, M.L.C., Mr. W. M. Fehon (Railway Commissioner), Mr. R. B. McAnderson (Town Clerk), Professor Anderson Stuart, Sir Matthew Harris, His Honor Judge Backhouse, and Dr. McCormick.

Among the distinguished persons invited to the Luncheon were the Members of the Commonwealth Ministry, the President and Speaker of the State Parliament, the State Ministry, the Railway Commissioners, the Commanders of the Australian and visiting warships, the officers of the Imperial and Indian Troops, and representatives from the Caledonian Societies of Goulburn, Wollongong, Minmi, Newcastle, Bourke, Inverell, Richmond River, AIbury, Armidale, and Glen Innes.


The Chairman said : Your Excellency and Gentlemen,—I feel that it is my duty to apologise for the shortness of the toast list, which may, perhaps, find a fitting excuse in the fact that we have to receive a visit from Ilis Excellency the Governor-General at 3 o’clock.

(Cheers.) As punctuality is the politeness of princes, it behoves us to follow the example and be punctual also. I should have liked to propose the health of the Premier (Sir William Lyne), who is also a member of the first Federal Ministry, and I should also have liked to hear the Mayor of Sydney, who, as usual, made one of his first public appearances at the Highland Society’s sports. We might, also, have proposed the health of the great twin brethren in the cause of Federation, Mr.

Barton—(cheers)—and Mr. Reid—(prolonged cheering). To which of these gentlemen the credit is due for bringing about federation it would be hard for me to say. I should have liked to propose the toast of our distinguished military visitors—(cheers) — and to hear a speech from Colonel Wyndham in response.

(Renewed cheers.) But, as I have said, our toast list must necessarily be short.

I he toast of “ The Queen” was then drunk with the customary honors.


126    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

The Governor-General.”

The Chairman, in proposing this toast, said: Your Excellency and Gentlemen,—It is not necessary in an assemblage of Scotsmen to speak of the eminent qualities of the house of Hopetoun. Like many other great houses, the house of Hopetoun traced its first distinction to the noble profession of the law.    (Cheers.) Sir Thomas Hope, an

advocate, is the one who may be called the founder of the family, and since his time the members of the house of Hopetoun have distinguished themselves in several ways—in the public service, in the law, in the army, and in the navy. The latest of the great men of that house is the one who is now in Australia. (Cheers.) The famous Sir John Hope, as a General, fought under Sir Ralph Abercrombie in Egypt, and also under Sir John Moore at Corunna. After that distinguished Scotsman fell in the moment of victory, the command devolved upon Sir John Hope, who was successful in completing the victory. Another member of the house won eminence in the law, and was succeeded by Sir Charles Hope, a man of the highest ability. His Lordship, who is now with us, bids fair to follow in the footsteps of his distinguished predecessors. (Cheers.) As a very young man he won his spurs as Governor of Victoria—(cheers)—and on his return to the old country he was honored by Her Majesty, who selected him as one of the Lords of the Bed-chamber. Now Her Majesty has appointed him to the most distinguished office under her control. (Great cheering.) Unfortunately, His Lordship’s health has not of late been such as his friends and admirers could desire, and it is, therefore, all the more necessary that we should honor it with enthusiasm. (Cheers.) 1 hope—in fact I have reason to believe—that, since his arrival in this climate, Lord Hopetoun has steadily gone on improving, and that he is none the worse for his exertions of the previous day. (Cheers.) I ask you to drink to the health of the Governor-General.

The toast was drunk with cheers.

The Acting State Governor.”

The Chairman, on rising to propose this toast, said : Your Excellency and Gentlemen,— In honoring this toast we are honoring a gentleman who is well-known to you all; it is hardly necessary for me to go into any lengthy commendations. To know Sir Frederick Darley is to admire him—(cheers)—the mention of his name is enough in itself to commend the toast. For many years I have had the honor of Sir Frederick’s acquaintance—first of all when he was counsel at the Bar, the man at the head of his profession, when he was admired for his judiciousness and clearness of view. (Cheers.) Afterwards he was promoted to the high office of Chief Justice when he was more removed from social intercourse. It could not be conceived that any man could discharge his duties more nobly, more satisfactorily, or more to the advantage of the nation, than Sir Frederick Darley. (Cheers.) He has won the confidence of every section of the community, and is now in the high office of State Governor of New South Wales. (Cheers.) I wish him long life, happiness, and prosperity, and that he may long enjoy his present elevated position. (Loud cheers.)

Wfjy .-:.Ks








INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    127

The Lieutenant-Governor, in responding, said : Dr. MacLaurin and Gentlemen,—I have to thank you from the very bottom of my heart for the way in which you have received and accepted the toast of my health. This is not my first visit to a Highland Gathering. (Cheers.) Two years ago I was present at one of your celebrations when you had before you the example of Piper Findlater at Dargai, but since then there have been so many instances in which Scotchmen have distinguished themselves on the field of honor in South Africa. (Cheers.) Where so many have distinguished themselves, it is hard for a commander to pick out men who are deserving of special mention for bravery, and yet to be absolutely just to all. Nothing would be more difficult than to select, from such men, those who should receive the Victoria Cross or other distinguished order. (Applause.) With regard to the toast, I feel that my stock of acknowledgments is almost exhausted, having had a similar duty so often placed upon me of late. Nevertheless, I am very thankful to you for the way in which you have drunk my health. (Cheers.)




The Commonwealth of Australia.’’

The Hon. Alexander Kethel, M.L.C., proposed this toast. He said : Mr. Chairman, Your Excellency, and Gentlemen,—I feel honored at being entrusted with the proposing of such an important toast as the Commonwealth of Australia. I feel it a privilege to have been spared to view the magnificent spectacle of yesterday—the great procession, and the ceremony of the Swearing-in of His Excellency the Governor-General; and I am proud of the large, well-conducted, and respectable crowd that witnessed the celebration. (Cheers.) The sight of tens of thousands of children, and hundreds of thousands of people, and the manner in which the inauguration ceremonies were carried out, should surely be an augury of its success. (Cheers.) We Australians are pleased to have had the might of the Empire represented at our Celebrations, and it behoves us all to drink to the success of the Commonwealth of Australia. (Cheers.)

The toast was duly honored.

The Hon. Sir William Lyne responded. He said: Dr. MacLaurin, Your Excellency, and Gentlemen,—I feel myself somewhat in a rather awkward position. I received an invitation to the “Gathering” to-day, but I was not aware until I looked at the toast-list that the toast of the Ministry had been omitted. I am Prime Minister of the State, and if I thought that the omission of that toast was intentional, I certainly would not be present with you. (No, no.) Wherever I go I am clothed with the responsibility of that office; and if I am not welcome as Prime Minister of the State, then I am not welcome at all. I have refused to attend a function at the Agricultural Ground when the toast of the Ministry was omitted, and if I thought that the omission was intentional on this occasion— (No, no)—I should have declined the invitation, notwithstanding that I have a very large number of friends here to-day. I am in an anomalous position, in so far as I am a member






of the Commonwealth Ministry as well—(Hear, hear),—and I regret that Mr. Barton is not present to respond to this toast. As you are aware, the Federal Ministry was only sworn in the previous day, and it has not yet commenced its duties. I feel that in my prominent position I have to do what I can to bring to a successful issue the Commonwealth of Australia. (Applause.) Whatever may have been our differences regarding points in the Commonwealth Bill, we have had our fight, and I have fought fairly and side by side with our honored Chairman. (Cheers.) I did what I felt to be my duty, but when the voice of the people was heard at the Referendum, and it was unmistakable for the acceptance of the Bill, I bowed, and I hope gracefully, to the will of the majority. I had the honor to be entrusted with the conduct of the final arrangements in connection with the passage of the Commonwealth Bill through the Parliament of Great Britain. Although I had been opposed to some of its provisions I dealt with it as if I had been one of its strongest supporters. (Cheers.) Whatever amendments may be made in the Constitution will be made with a view to extending and expanding it, and not in any way to restrict it. (Cheers.) We have entered into a union that is not going to be broken—a union for all time; and as British subjects, and as Australians, we know, I hope, how to arrange any little differences there may be, and to work together for the common weal of the nation— (Cheers)—I allude to the enormous latent wealth of the States; and I hope that when my time comes to retire, it cannot be said of me that during my career I hampered the Commonwealth in any way. (Cheers.) I thank you for your kind invitation. As I have already stated, I think that some mistake has been made, as I feel sure that there is no friction existing between those present here to-day and the Ministry. (Loud applause.)

I made the remarks I did, because 1 have the dignity of the office of Prime Minister of New South Wales to uphold, and in doing so I represent the people of New South Wales. I cannot uphold its dignity unless I represent the people properly. (Loud applause.)

The Right Hon. G. H. Reid also responded. He said: Dr. MacLaurin, Your Excellency, and Gentlemen,—I think that Sir William Lyne may well excuse the Committee in the mistake they have made, considering the anomalous position which he is holding. As for our distinguished President, like every Scotsman he does not believe in speechifying, but he believes in laying his hand on all the speeches that are going. (Laughter.) With regard to our distinguished guest, the Lieutenant-Governor, the President made one little mistake which I hope will prove prophetic. He called him “the State Governor of New South Wales.” (Hear, hear.) If there is an ardent wish throughout the length and breadth of this community it is that our first State Governor may be Sir Frederick Darley. (Loud cheers.) And now I beg leave to suggest that we do not leave this table until we have had the gratification of listening to the distinguished officer, who has come out in charge of the Imperial troops. (Applause.) As a rule, soldiers are not supposed to excel in platform oratory, but I learned a great deal from Colonel Wyndham the previous evening, when no man could have made a more concise, or more finished, address than he did, in the Town Hall, in somewhat difficult circumstances. (Applause.)


The toast was honored with loud cheering.





Colonel Crole Wyndham, Officer in command of the Imperial Troops, responded. He said : Dr. MacLaurin, Your Excellency and Gentlemen,—I owe you half an apology for standing here at the present moment—half an apology, because I am only half Scotch. (Loud applause, and a voice,—“ A good half.”) That sounds like a drink. Still I remember that half a loaf is better than no bread. (Renewed laughter.) I consider that the half of me which is Scotch is the outside firm crust, and that the inside, of mere crumb, is the English part. (Great laughter.) Gentlemen, we Scotch, and half Scotch—(laughter)—know that there are a great many things which we cannot do. We must admit that. For instance, we cannot play golf. (Laughter.) Some of us, after many years practice, may know a good game when we see it; but we cannot play golf, though we may think we can. (Laughter.) Then, besides that, we cannot tell good whisky when we take it—(great laughter)—while there are many of us who cannot see a joke. (Roars of laughter.) I made a joke to a Scotchman the other day and he did not see it. It was a very simple one. I was trying to explain something to him, and remarked, “ That is not the point, as the man said to the assassin who tried to strike with the hilt of his dagger.” (Laughter.) You, Gentlemen, do not see it either. (Loud laughter.) But there are some things which we Scotchmen can do. We can fight—(loud applause)—and that makes up for a multitude of sins. Whenever Her Majesty requires troops for any particularly arduous undertaking, or dangerous duties, we know she calls upon her Scotchmen amongst the first; and the only pity of it is that there are so few of us. (Laughter.) Gentlemen, I will not detain you longer. I thank you. (Loud cheering.)




•“ The Chairman.''

The Rev. John Ferguson, in a felicitous speech, proposed the health of the Chairman.

The Hon. Dr. MacLaurin responded in these terms: I am exceedingly obliged for the manner in which the toast of my health has been received. I have presided at many gatherings of this kind, which have always been of a pleasant character, and I am sorry for the omission of one toast from the toast-list. I can assure Sir William Lyne that no disrespect has been intended for him—(loud cheers)—for he has been my political friend for many years; and I have no greater aspiration in politics than to see him continuing to be that commanding influence, for the benefit of the country, which he has so long been. (Applause.) I explained that we have so much to do to-day, that probably the toast was left out of the list for that reason.


The company then dispersed and witnessed the sports


on the ovai




130


COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.


FIRE BRIGADES’ PROCESSION AND DISPLAY.

At io 30 a.m. the Fire Brigades held a procession through Castlereagh-street, Market-street, St. James? Road, Macquarie-street, Bridge-street, Pitt-street, Martin-place, Park-street, and College-street, to Prince Alfred Park, consisting of—1 hose carriage, 8 steamers, 2 ladders, 1 express waggon, 26 horses, and 66 officers and men.

The procession was headed by the Mudgee and Grafton brass bands. The men and appliances formed portion of the permanent staff of the Metropolitan Fire Brigade, and were drawn from Head-quarters, George-street West, Circular Quay, Darlinghurst, Newtown, North Sydney, Marrickville, Alexandria, Woollahra, Redfern,


INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    131

and Paddington, sufficient force being left at the stations for dealing with any emergency. Firemen were stationed at each fire-alarm post along the line of route, in order to protect the points and to give early intimation to those taking part in the procession if their services were required.

In the afternoon a display was given in Prince Alfred Park. So great were the crowds that assembled to view the exhibition that the firemen had considerable difficulty in obtaining sufficient space for their operations. The display consisted of—



A procession of Ancient and Modern appliances round the Exhibition Building—

Appliances in use two hundred years ago; costumes of the period.

Manual fire-engine used in the Eighteenth Century ; costumes worn by the firemen of the time.

Manual fire-engine used in the Nineteenth Century in Sydney ; costumes worn by the firemen of the time.

Hose carriage of the present day, showing the method of utilising the pressure of water from the'street mains.

Three small fire-engines of the latest type.

Rescue work—

Method of dealing with unconscious persons.

The use of fire-escapes in rescuing persons from buildings.

Four medium-sized steam fire-engines, as used in the city, at work.

The use of smoke protectors.

Smallest and largest jets of water used for extinguishing fires—

Chimney hand pump, A-inch jet. Tozer pump, i-inch jet.

Large steamers jets, i-$- inch and i| inch.

Water tower in use, with jets of water thrown from various heights.

Trot past with engines, and gallop past.




132    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

SWIMMING CARNIVAL.

While hundreds of thousands of persons were witnessing the procession of the Fire Brigades through the streets, considerable numbers were making their way to Fitzroy Dock, at Biloela, where at 11 o’clock a Swimming Carnival was held. The water was a little rough in consequence of the westerly wind, but the various competitions and displays, in connection with life saving and other nautical feats, were highly appreciated by the spectators, representatives from the various States meeting in friendly rivalry. A combined land drill was given under the command of Lieutenant R. M. Sheers, as marshal-in-chief, and rescue exhibitions demonstrating how to rescue and to free one’s self from the clutches of a drowning man. The band of the training ship “ Sobraon ” and the Cobar band discoursed music at intervals during the day. This was considered the biggest and most notable gathering of swimmers under the Southern Cross. A list of the various Officers of the Carnival appears in the Appendices.

CONVERSAZIONE.

At 2'30 p.m. a Conversazione was held in the Town Hall, which was tastefully decorated. The columns were draped with pale blue surmounted with bunches of flowers, while large mirrors were placed in regular order along the platform. The assemblage of about 2,000 persons was a most fashionable one, the guests being received by Hon. John See, Colonial Secretary', and Mrs. See. Mr. E. J. Sykes presided at the organ. An excellent programme, consisting of the following selections, was contributed to during the afternoon by Herr Gerard Vollmar’s orchestra:—

1. March, “Tannhauser” ...    ...    ...... ...

2.    Overture, “Merry Wives of Windsor ”    ......

3.    Organ Solo, “ Bell Offertoire ”............

4.    Song .................. ..

5.    Fantasia, “Rigoletto”...............

6.    Song ..    ..................

7.    Organ Solo, Fantasia on “ Home Sweet Home ” and

8.    Song .....................

9. Waltz, “Wiener Blut” ...    ...    ...... ...

“ GOD SAVE THE QUEEN ”

...    ...    ...    Wagner.

...    ...    ...    Nicolai.

..    ...    ...    Batiste.

Mrs. Gilbert Wilson. ...    ...    ...    Verdi.

Mr. Henry Weir. “Rule Britannia” Guilmant. Mrs. Gilbert Wilson. ...    ...    ...    Strauss.


BANDS.

In order that the celebrations should not merely consist of sight-seeing and ceremonial entertainments, the Government deemed it prudent to have bands playing musical selections at various points throughout the City. It was therefore arranged that the whole of the visiting bands from the country towns and other centres should submit themselves to a programme designed for the purpose. Large crowds assembled to listen to the music, and at the close of the programme evidenced considerable delight at the entertainments. The positions allotted to the respective bands chosen for each date was as follows:—

Morning, at io‘3o.

Navie of Band.

Position.

Grafton and Mudgee ..

... ...

... Fire Brigades’ Procession and Display.

Cobar and Sobraon... ...

......

... Swimming Carnival, Fitzroy Dock.

Afternoon,

AT 2'30.

Britannia ... ... ...

... Oxford-street and Hyde Park.

Blayney .........

... Cook Park.

N.A. Volunteers ... ...

... ...

... Liverpool and Elizabeth Streets.

St. George’s... ... ...

... Citizens’ Arch.

6th Regiment .. ...

... Band-stand, Hyde Park.

Western Suburbs ... ...

... Darlinghurst.

2nd Regiment .. ...

... Town Hall.

Railway ...... ...

... Queen’s-square.

Corowa ... ... ...

... Bourke’s Statue.

Burwood ... ...

... Treasury.

Marrickville... ... ...

... Macquarie Place.

Hibernian.........

... George and Bridge Streets.

City Brass Band ......

... George and Market Streets.

Lismore ... ... ..

... Haymarket.

4th Regiment ......

... Moore-street.

Armidale ... ... ...

... ...

... Martin Place.

8th Regiment ... ..

... Victoria Park.

Newcastle .. ... ...

... Circular Quay.

Wellington ... ... ...

... Herald Office.

Naval Brigade ......

... Wynyard Square.

National Guard ... ...

... Redfern Park.

1st Regiment ... ...

... Prince Alfred Park.

Wagga Wagga ......

... Palace Gardens.

Helensburgh ......

... George and King Streets.

Australian Rifles (Goulburn)

.. Ambulance Station, Pitt and George Streets


Night, at 7-30.


Name of Band. Britannia    ...    ...    ..

Blayney    ...    ...    ..

St. George’s...    ...    ..

Australian Rifles (Goulburn) Western Suburbs    ...    ..

Railway    ...    ...    ..

Corowa    ...    ...    ..

Burwood    ...    ...    ..

Marrickville...    ...    ..

Hibernian    ...    ...    ..

City Brass Band    ...    ..

Lismore    ...    ...    ..

Helensburgh    ...    .

Armidale    ...    ...    ..

Newcastle    ...    ...    ..

Wellington    ...    ...    ..

Wagga Wagga .....

All Military Bands    ...    ..


Position.

Oxford-street and Hyde Park. Cook Park.

Citizens’ Arch.

Band-stand, Hyde Park. Darlinghurst.

Queen’s Square.

Bourke’s Statue.

T reasury.

Macquarie Place.

George and Bridge Streets. George and Market Streets. Haymarket.

Moore-street.

Martin Place.

Circular Quay.

Herald Office.

Palace Gardens.

Military Tattoo.


CONTINENTAL.

The entertainments provided for this night were—a Continental in the Domain at 7-30 p.m., a Highland Concert at the Town Hall at 8 p.m., and a Military Tattoo at the Agricultural Ground at 8’30 p.m.

Thousands of people visited the Continental in the Domain. It was the first that had ever been tried on such a large scale in any of the States, and met with the

greatest success. On the spacious lawn was erected a magnificent platform, embellished with coloured lights, from which a concert was given. The whole of the grounds were brilliant with electric light.

HIGHLAND SOCIETY’S CONCERT.

The Highland Society’s concert, which is usually given on New Year’s night, but which was on the programme for this night as a greeting to the Commonwealth, was held in the Sydney Town Hall and largely attended. The Hall was gaily decorated with flags and foliage and in itself was an object of spectacular beauty. The Highland Society was represented by the Hon. H. N. MacLaurin, M.D., M.L.C., President, and the Hon. Alex. Kethel, Vice-President, and other Councillors. Among those present were the Hon. Sir William Lyne (Prime Minister of New South Wales), Dr. Graham, M.L.A. (Mayor of Sydney), Sir Matthew Harris, and a great number of inter-State guests of social and political distinction. The chief event of the evening was the rendering of a new Ode to the Commonwealth, composed by Mr. Hugh Macdonald, M.L.A., and set to music by Mr. Alfred Hill, who conducted the performance. The chorus consisted of over 200 voices, and the combined orchestra included the Highland Light Infantry Band. The ode is the subject of a special Appendix.

MILITARY TATTOO.

Under the auspices of the Government, the Military Authorities provided a Military Tattoo at the Agricultural Grounds, the magnificence of which was in keeping with the various important functions of the day. The attendance was estimated at 35,000 persons. The night was calm and cool, and the scene was made more attractive by the richly coloured uniforms of the visiting troops. The grounds were brilliantly lighted with electricity, and here and there flaring torches served as a guiding star to the positions of the players. Never before in Sydney had so many splendid bands been massed together. In all there were twenty-one bands, numbering about 1,000 players—the greatest military band night ever witnessed in Australia. The Tattoo was carried out under the presidency of Major Baynes, O.C.A.,

Lieutenant J. H. Schwabe, B.D.F.A. (Honorary Secretary), Captain L. H. Kingdon, R.A.A. (Honorary Treasurer), and Warrant Officers W. Hutchinson, R.A.A. (Brigade Band-master), S. R. Muckleston, and C. E. Walker.

The entertainment was contributed to by the bands of the New South Wales Lancers, First Australian Horse, Mounted Rifles, Royal Australian Artillery, Highland Light Infantry (England), New South Wales Police, 1st Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Regiment, 5th Infantry Regiment, 6th Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Regiment, 8th Infantry Regiment, National Guard, Victorian Commonwealth Band, Queensland Band, Naval Brigade, Naval Artillery Volunteers, New Zealand Pipe, 5th Scottish Pipe, the Pipers of the Imperial Representative Corps, Trumpeters and Buglers of the Imperial Representative Corps, the Commonwealth States, and New Zealand.

At night the city, the harbour, and parks and gardens were again illuminated, and the streets were as densely crowded as on the first night.

Third Day—Thursday, January 3

The programme for this day included a Military Review, by His Excellency the Governor-General, in the Centennial Park at io^o a.m., a Commerce Luncheon at the Town Hall, Sydney, at i p.m., and a Public Schools’ Gathering at Sydney Cricket Ground at 2 p.m.

THE REVIEW

The Review took place in the Centennial Park near the spot where the establishment of the Commonwealth was proclaimed, and the troops were marshalled on the grass-covered flat, facing the dome-shaped pavilion. The event will be ever memorable in Australian military history. In the presence of from 250,000 to 300,000 persons His Excellency reviewed nearly 10,000 horse, foot, and artillery, the flower of the armies of Great


Major-General G. A. FRENCH, C.M.G., R.A.,

General Officer Commanding.


comprising Britain and Ireland, India, Australia, and New Zealand. The ground is the most picturesque and capacious near Sydney. The spectacle of the soldiers in brave attire was a glorious one to behold, and splendidly demonstrated the military might and the unity of the forces of the Empire. No review of more imposing grandeur had ever before taken place in Australia. The hills to the north, south, east, and west— gentle undulating country — enabled the military forces to be manoeuvred beyond the view of the great majority of the multitude in the park. Overhead was a clear sky, with the sun brightly shining, and a light breeze rendering the atmospheric conditions most agreeable.

The occasion afforded a second opportunity for the armies of the Empire to stand shoulder to shoulder. The gorgeous array of old British regiments, the romantic costumes of the Orientals, and the khaki of the Australians were striking and pleasing to the sight. The Infantry, drawn up on one side of the ground, presented a mass of glittering steel. The Cavalry, which had been planted behind the hills, made their entry with panoramic effect as they rode over the crest of the eastern hill towards the parade-ground.

The Cavalry, fifteen squadrons strong, with six waggons of Engineers, were formed up into line behind clumps of native shrubbery, which crested the high mounds that obscured the general view. The mounted Imperial Troops were drawn up on the right of the polo green ; next came the New South Wales Lancers, the First Australian Horse, the Mounted Rifles, the New Zealand Mounted Rifles, and the Indian Contingent. The Royal Horse Artillery, with two guns, took up a position on the right flank line, and the Royal Australian Artillery (Field), with eight guns, on the left of the visiting Cavalry. The Royal Engineers were on the extreme left line with six waggons. On the parade line the Imperial and local Infantry were formed up. A picture unprecedented in the Military annals of Australia, and one which gained the admiration of the countless spectators, was thus produced, and elicited encomiums from His Excellency and the General Officer Commanding. The mounted men, in full review order, on fiery, well-groomed horses, and the Infantry, handsomely equipped and accoutred, were the embodiment of this entrancing scene.

About half-past 10, the Governor-General, in the uniform of Commander-inChief, attended by his own Staff, and accompanied by Major-General French and Staff, rode on to the ground and was received with a Royal Salute; the united bands playing the first eight bars of the National Anthem. His Excellency first rode round the rear lines, comprising the Cavalry Artillery, and Engineers, and after passing along the front of the Infantry quarter-columns rode up to the pavilion, where he was welcomed with great cheering. Meanwhile the Cavalry, in columns of troops and under the command of Colonel Crole Wyndham, moved to the right in




readiness for the March Past. Major-General French with his Staff then led the parade for the March Past, which was executed at a walk. The glittering mass as it moved along created a spectacle of unspeakable grandeur. The three mounted bands—the New South Wales Lancers, the Australian Horse, and the Mounted Rifles—-advanced at the head of the Royal Horse Artillery, and opposite the saluting-point wheeled round into position and played the different marches for the regiments as they passed.

As company after company marched past, their swords and helmets brilliantly reflecting the strong sunlight, and the pennon-bedecked lances scintillating above the gorgeous uniforms of the soldiers, the picture was very imposing and inspiriting Succeeding the Royal Horse Artillery were two squadrons of the Imperial Cavalry. Then followed the New South Wales Lancers (five squadrons strong—one squadron of which had been detailed off as an escort to the Governor-General), three squadrons of the Australian Horse, the Mounted Rifles (three squadrons strong), and four companies of the New Zealand Mounted Rifles—the division being-completed by the Indian Contingent. After these came two guns of the Royal Field Artillery' and two batteries of four guns each of the Royal Australian Artillery. The Royal Engineers were next, with their pontoon section, balloon section, and field telegraph carts with cables. Each regiment executed the march with commendable ensemble and was loudly applauded by the spectators. The


140


COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

W)


Infantry marched in a column of companies, and cheer after cheer greeted the men. The Cavalry at a walk occupied but a few minutes inside an hour, and when again passing at a smart trot presented a magnificent sight; the accuracy maintained throughout the lines exciting unwonted pride and enthusiasm. The division next advanced towards His Excellency with drawn swords and lances glittering in the sunlight, and gave a general salute, while the massed bands played with thrilling effect “God save The Queen.” His Excellency, who had already intimated to Major-General French his pleasure at the display, then rode forward to meet Colonel Wyndham, to whom he also expressed his admiration of the marked attention to drill observed by the officers and men, and his delight at the great success which had been achieved.

At the close of the Review the immense crowds gathered at all points of vantage and demonstrated their enthusiasm by giving rounds of lusty cheers. The following is the order of the March Past:—

Royal Horse Artillery.

Royal Field Artillery.

Brigade Division, Field Artillery. Imperial Guards and Cavalry.

Indian Contingent.

Lancers.

First Australian Horse.

Mounted Rifles.

Royal Navy.

Marines

Royal Artillery and Royal Australian Artillery. Imperial Infantry.

Indian Infantry.

Victorians.

Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand (one battalion).


N.S.W. Artillery.

N.S.W. Engineers.

N.S.W. 1st Infantry Regt.

N.S.W. 2nd Infantry Regt.

N.S.W. 3rd Infantry Regt.

N.S.W. 4th Infantry Regt.

N.S.W. 5th Infantry Regt. (Scottish Rifles). N.S.W. 6th Infantry Regt. (Australian Rifles). N.S.W. 7th Infantry Regt. (St. George’s Rifles). N.S.W. 8th Infantry Regt. (Irish Rifles). National Guard and Public Service Volunteer Infantry (forming one battalion).

Army Service Corps.

Army Medical Corps.


Royal Horse Artillery, z 1 st Lancers. Dragoon Guards. Hussars.

Household Cavalry.



The Mounted Brigade and Field Artillery trotted past the saluting point to the music ot the R.A.A. Band in the following order:—

N S.W. Lancers. Australian Horse. N.S.W. Mounted Rifles. Inter-State Mounted Troops. Indian Contingent.

INSURANCE


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THE a/RTHoF*.

THE COMMERCE LUNCHEON.

This luncheon was held in the Town Hall. It was the outcome ot a movement by the following Commercial Associations of New South Wales—Chamber of Commerce, Chamber of Manufactures, Warehousemen’s Association, Steamship-Owners’ Association, Institute of Bankers, Life Assurance Association, Fire Insurance Underwriters, Marine Insurance Underwriters, Stock Exchange, General Merchants and Importers’ Association, and Commercial Travellers’ Association;— and it was originally designed “ to commemorate the Commonwealth of Australia, and to welcome the first Governor-General.” Owing, however, to his ill-health,


Lord Hopetoun could not be present. About 500 persons sat down to luncheon, including visitors from all the States and New Zealand, while the galleries were occupied by ladies. Music was contributed by Mr. L. De Groen’s band.

Mr. J. Russell French, President of the Chamber of Commerce, presided. On his right sat His Grace Dr. Saumarez Smith (Archbishop of Sydney), the Right Hon. Edmund Barton, O.C. (Prime Minister of Australia), the Hon. Sir George Turner, P.C , K.C.M.G. (Treasurer of the Commonwealth), the Hon. Robert Reid, M.L.C. (President of the Chamber of Commerce, Victoria), Dr. Graham, M.L.A. (Mayor of Sydney), the Hon. Robert Philp (Prime Minister of


Queensland), and Mr. Samuel Gillott, M.L.A. (Mayor of Melbourne). On the Chairman’s left were the Hon. Sir William Lyne, K.C.M.G. (Minister of State for Home Affairs), the Right Hon. C. C. Kingston, P.C. (Minister of State for Trade and Customs), Sir Edward Samuel, Bart., the Right Hon. Sir John Forrest, P.C., G.C.M.G. (Postmaster-General of the Commonwealth), the Hon. R. E. O’Connor, Q.C. (Vice-President of the Federal Executive Council), the Hon. N. E. Lewis (Minister of the Commonwealth, without portfolio), the Right Hon. G. H. Reid, P.C., O.C., Sir George Dibbs, K.C.M.G., and the Hon. Sir George Shenton. The Vice-Chairmen were Messrs. T. R. Allt (President of the Steamship-owners’ Association), E. L. Davis (Chairman of the Stock Exchange), T. A. Dibbs (President of the Bankers’ Institute), W. Vicars (President of the New South Wales Chamber of Manufactures), A. B. Cameron (President of the Life Insurance Societies), J. St. Vincent Welsh (Underwriters’ Association), R. C. Balls (Commercial Travellers’ Association), P. Mitchell (Merchants and Traders’ Association), C. Danvers (Marine Insurance Underwriters), and Sir Frederick Sargood (President of the Victorian Warehousemen’s Association).

The Queen."

The Chairman said : I desire, on behalf of the commercial community of Sydney, to welcome our guests from the other States. (Cheers.) We here in New South Wales are very glad to see you amongst us. (Cheers.) I am also gratified to see such a large and representative gathering, particularly as we have so many prominent visitors from the other States in our company. (Cheers.) I hope the stay of our visitors will be exceedingly pleasant. (Cheers.) I now ask you to rise and drink to “ The Queen.”

The toast was honored by the singing' of the National Anthem.

The Governor-General."

The Chairman : T am very sorry to have to announce that the state of His Excellency’s health prevents his being present. Lord Hopetoun was present this morning at the Military Review, which not only took up much of his time, but made a considerable encroachment upon his strength. I believe that I echo the sentiment of the whole mercantile community when I say that we should consider ourselves rather selfish if we expected the Governor-General to attend under such circumstances. (Hear, hear.) I have a letter from His Excellency’s private secretary, expressing regret at the Governor-General's absence. I feel sure that every man in the community will deeply sympathise with the Governor-General in his ill-health, and no less with Lady Hopetoun, who is still indisposed, and that we all wish them a speedy recovery of complete health and strength. (Applause.)

The toast was most cordially received.

The Lieutenant-Governor."

The Chairman: In asking you to drink to the toast of His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor, may I say that I feel sorry that he is not able to be present. I have received a letter from Sir Frederick Darley, in which he expresses sympathy with us in the celebrations— (Cheers)—and had it not been for other engagements he would have been one of our company to-day. (Cheers.) Although we are now a part of a great federation, we cannot separate the interest of the State from that of the Commonwealth. (Cheers.) The State will still have most important functions to perform, and the office of State Governor will remain one of high honor. (Applause.) I ask you to drink to the health of His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor.

The toast was duly honored.

The Commonwealth Ministry."

Mr. T. A. Dibbs, General Manager of the Commercial Banking Company of Sydney, said : Mr. Chairman, and Gentlemen,—The toast of the Commonwealth Ministry will, I feel sure, be received with the utmost enthusiasm. (Cheers.) I am puzzled to know why I have been selected to propose this toast. It is probably due to the fact that 1 am the oldest banker in Australia. (Cheers.) It may be the irony of politics, because Mr. Barton, the Prime Minister of the Commonwealth, knows, with many others, that I did my best to defeat


the Constitution Bill. (Laughter.) I am sure that Mr. Barton and his distinguished colleagues will not resent the fact that the toast is being proposed by one who was the “ arch conspirator ” in the attempt to defeat the Bill. The taunts that have been used against me and other gentlemen— gentlemen of the highest repute, integrity, and honor—are unjustifiable. We exercised our rights as British citizens to discuss and consider the conditions of the proposed federation, which is to be everlasting. It was our province, as business men, to consider the conditions of the Bill to see that they were not inimical to the interests of New South Wales. (Cheers.) We have been taunted with being provincialists and anti-federalists; but we are not so. We are federalists who desire to have federation under conditions fair to New South Wales. (Cheers.) This gathering wishes to welcome the Governor-General, the distinguished visitors from the other States, and Colonel Wyndham with the soldiers under his command. On Tuesday, I witnessed a scene I shall never forget; and while I am proud of Australia, I am yet prouder to consider myself a citizen of the Empire of Great Britain. (Cheers.)

The toast was drunk with great enthusiasm.

The Right Hon. Edmund Barton (Prime Minister of the Commonwealth), who was received with prolonged cheering, rose to respond. He said: Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I rise to address you on the most memorable occasion—if we regard the present week as the occasion—perhaps, in the lives of any of us. (Loud cheers.) I have been endeavouring for the last few days to realise that what so many called a dream has at last come true. (Applause.) I was often called a visionary, and those who supported me often had to share my unhappy plight. When I consider those long years during which it fell to my lot to address meetings, always more or less on the subject of Federation ; when I consider how gradual was the formation of public opinion ; when I consider the enormous obstacles that have stood in the path—no greater, perhaps, than have stood in the path of other federations, but still very great,—I find it hard to realise that all has been consummated, and that the dream of a life-time has been achieved. (Applause.) The realisation is not made easier, but rather it is rendered more difficult, by the gorgeousness of the spectacles of the last three days, which, when well considered, appear to us as happy auguries of peace, happiness, and fraternity. (Applause.) It was well said to me by His Grace the Archbishop this morning at the magnificent spectacle in the Centennial Park that the suggestions of the pageant were discipline, defence, and kinship. That was terse and epigrammatic. (Cheers.) What then was the lesson of Tuesday ?—for that spectacle was a military one. The lesson of last Tuesday, when that vast procession—perhaps, one of the finest the world has ever seen—wended its way through streets festooned with flags, resplendent with decorations, and filled with the music of the cheers of an approving multitude, was the great lesson of the Anglo-Saxon race, and that is the order of the people, the lesson of peace. (Cheers.) We come here as guests of the great combination of bodies which has invited us to be present, and I hear my name coupled with this toast. Whatever may have been my ambition, I, after all, have stretched out no hand nor grasped at any phantom. (Applause.) It is a magnificent compliment to be asked to respond to this toast. I should be very glad if it had been possible for the Governor-General to grace this function with his presence; but you will allow me to say for him that in his state of convalescence the functions of the last two or three days have made large drafts upon his strength. We must not expect to see too much of him, at present, for fear of having to see less of him afterwards. Lord Ilopetoun is extremely disappointed at his absence from any great function of the public at this time, and that disappointment is shared, and most keenly shared, by Lady Ilopetoun. (Cheers.) I am not going to make a speech to you about politics, and for the best reasons, that this great combination includes believers in all shades of opinion. (Cheers.) This is not the time or place for such a declaration, although the limited time at my disposal for the reading of the newspapers assures me that in some quarters the demand is made—“ Your manifesto or your life.” (Laughter.) The manifesto is all right and will come out at the proper time—not at such a meeting as this, but at a gathering of supporters, which is the proper place for it. (Cheers.) May 1 say, on behalf of myself to begin with, that I am proud indeed at having received the assistance of many distinguished men—for all of them are distinguished—who have consented to be my colleagues in the Federal Ministry. (Loud cheers.) Every one of them has rendered distinct service to the Sovereign and the country, and in the case of nearly all of them the Sovereign has been delighted to recognise those services. (Cheers.) The time has passed when the approval of the Sovereign, and the bestowal of the decoration, were considered in our democratic community as “ the mark of the beast.” (Laughter.) It is not so now, because events, most of them of recent occurrence, have assured us in Australia, as well as the rest of the Empire, that it is not a case of sovereignty between people and people, but between people and people it is a question of partnership. (Cheers.) The firm of John Bull Liability Limited is now a John Bull and Family Liability Unlimited. (Loud cheers.) Liberal as is the Administration which I have been so fortunate as to gather round me, its loyalty is equal to its liberalism, and its attachment to the Empire is equal to either. (Cheers.) I should like to mention that, in addition to the numerous cables which have been received by His Excellency the Governor-General, attesting the sympathy and brotherhood of all parts of the Empire, and attesting a deep sympathy in other parts of the world, many such have been received by myself and colleagues. I may mention two things to show that a federation which has received the seal of

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Imperial approval, at the instance of a Conservative Administration, is welcomed and honored by the heads of the opposing parties. I have received two most cheering cablegrams, one from Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, the leader of Her Majesty’s Opposition in the House of Commons, and the other from our old friend Lord Carrington, as Chairman of the National Liberal Club. (Cheers.) They send congratulations to Australia and its people on the foundation of a free nation. I would not attempt to impair the harmony of this great gathering by saying one word on politics. 1 prefer to say here, to-day, that whatever party action there may be in the future, you do not look upon the formation of a National Administration as a national blessing, but are prepared to accord such an Administration the most favourable consideration of all its actions, so long as it consists of men whose patriotism cannot be denied. (Cheers.) I thank you for the manifestations which you have given, and from which 1 have been enabled to draw that inference. (Hear, hear.) I give you my most hearty thanks, and on behalf of my colleagues I assure you that they will do all men can do towards the advancement of our common country for the cohesion of the Empire, and for the real feeling of public duty amongst the community as a w’hole. (Loud cheering.)

The State Ministry.”

Mr. W. Vicars, President of the Chamber of Manufactures, in proposing this toast, said: Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen,—We must not forget that, although the State Ministry


is now overshadowed by the Federal Ministry, it was really the State Ministry which brought the Federal Ministry into existence. We all know the good qualities of the gentlemen who constitute the New South Wales Ministry, under the leadership of Sir William Lyne. (Cheers.) Every Ministry has probably its faults, but no one can gainsay that ours has not endeavoured to carry out its duties in an honest and upright manner. (Hear, hear.) They have coped in a highly creditable way with many difficulties which have beset them. It is a peculiar thing, that any Ministry come in for a fair amount of abuse while they are in power, but immediately they give place to a fresh Ministry too much praise cannot be given them for their conduct in office. I feel sure that the people of this State were pleased to see the honor which was conferred upon the leader of the Ministry, Sir William Lyne, and were proud to notice his inclusion in the Federal Government. (Cheers.) Gentlemen, I ask you to drink to “ The State Ministry.”

The toast was honored with singing, “ For they are jolly good fellows.”


INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    147

The Hon. Sir William Lyne, Prime Minister of New South Wales, on rising to respond, was greeted with hearty cheers. He said: Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—This may, perhaps, be the last occasion upon which I shall have the opportunity of speaking for the State Ministry of New South Wales. (Cheers, and voices, “ No, no.”) It has been said that it is anomalous for me to hold the position of Prime Minister of New South Wales and also the position of a member of the Federal Ministry, and I know there are some who think I should have gone further than I did in attempting to form a Federal Ministry—(Hear, hear)—but I feel that I took the right course. (Applause.) In the Commonwealth Act there is an exceptional provision under which I can hold the positions 1 do now, and I think it was well conceived; because, while holding a high position in the State Ministry, I can the more easily assist the Federal Ministry in making the provisions they have to make for the commencement of their work, and also in concluding what I have been attempting to do as Prime Minister of this State. 'Applause.) I know that in a large gathering such as this there must be a number of gentlemen who in the past have differed from my political views; but there came a time when I took the reins of Government here, when the flag of truce was raised on the fiscal question. (Prolonged cheering.) I attempted, as I believe successfully, to carry out all my promises in regard to that matter. (Cheers; and voices, “ You did carry them out.”) But I tell you I threw my whole energies into doing such work for the good of New South Wales, and I venture to hope that that work has been of some good to this State. (Hear, hear.) I carried through many measures which I had thought of many years ago during my political life, and I regret nothing that I have done. (Cheers.) My friend who proposed the toast referred to the possible faults of Ministers. No doubt all Ministries display faults. I do not pretend to be without a fault; but whatever I do I do honestly, and what I have done has been for the welfare of the community. (Hear, hear.) But let it be clearly understood that although we have now the federal Ministry overshadowing all the other Ministries, yet there is a great deal of work left for every State Ministry to carry out, and, perhaps, more particularly for the Ministry of New South Wales. Although our local Ministry is dwarfed, still you will find, perhaps, that you will require a good and strong Ministry in New South Wales. (Hear, hear.) I regret that T shall shortly have to relinquish the high position to which I was called by the people of this State; but when there was a greater question to be considered, I sank any feelings I might have had, and decided to join my friend, the Right Hon. Edmund Barton, to help him to make the first Federal Government as strong as it was possible to make it. (Cheers.) I recognise that it has most arduous work ahead, and it would have been a misfortune and regrettable circumstance if a weak Ministry had been enrolled at the inauguration of the Commonwealth of Australia. (Continued cheering.) 1 have fought in the past for the Colony I represented earnestly and truthfully, but I feel that our interests in quite a few days have grown largely into those of the other Colonies. (Hear, hear.) It will be necessary for all the Federal Ministers to go through the various States, in order that they may be enabled to deal with the great works they have to do, and whatever has taken place in the past I believe will be forgotten in the consideration of the

148    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

good of the community as a whole. And, in regard to that, I may say, as Mr. T. A. Dibbs said, I was only opposed to certain provisions of the Bill, and I was never against the federation of Australia. (Continued cheering.) So, whatever took place in the past, all must be buried if we are going to do good in the future, as we earnestly hope to do. (Applause.) We, in the federating colonies, have accepted a Constitution which represents the almost unanimous feelings of the people, and which, I hope, will remain on the Statute Book of the Commonwealth of Australia for a long time before any serious trouble arises. But we should look forward, not backward, and do our utmost to produce entire harmony amongst the people of Australia, and join together the people of the Southern Seas. (Prolonged cheering.) It is, therefore, the duty of the Federal Government to see to this, and to do their duty in no sense by taking half measures, so that there shall be no carping, on either side, in the States of the Commonwealth. Those States should assist the Federal Government; and if this is done, 1 hope to see, before I leave this life, the strong Federal feeling now found in Australia intensified, and the foundations of the nation of the future broadly and successfully laid. (Great cheering.)

The Commonwealth.”

The Right Hon. G. H. Reid, Q.C., rose to propose the toast of “ The Commonwealth.” He was received with great cheering and waving of handkerchiefs. He said: Mr. Chairman,





Your Grace, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I think we all realise that this is something more than a mere festive gathering. My card of invitation informed me that my hosts would be the representatives of all the great producing, commercial, manufacturing, financial, and shipping interests of New South Wales; and, short-sighted as I am—(laughter)—I can yet see so many of the princes of Australian enterprise that I think we may say that this gathering represents more than I have stated: it represents the whole range of commercial and industrial enterprise throughout Australia. (Applause.) I think we can well, for a moment, abandon the rejoicings in which we have been engaged to take a serious view of the great change that has fallen upon us. Sentiment is always easy, often attractive, and sometimes a noble sentiment graces patriotism; but we cannot forget that the great strain and stress of national work and national wealth and national progress rests upon the great

producing and commercial fields of human enterprise. (Cheers.) I see on the countenances of those whom I am addressing an index of the tremendous forces which, in this new vast continent, have removed mountains of difficulties from the paths of the pioneer, and have wrested, even from stubborn resistance on the part of Nature, the solid triumph of a highly organised and thoroughly sound commercial community. (Cheers.) The great political machine Avhich has just begun revolving must work great good or great harm to the progress of Australia. (Cheers.) It is bound to come that your statesmen will differ as to which methods are the best to promote the common welfare; but when that struggle comes, when the clash of parties and political interests becomes more and more intense, I hope that all those who are engaged in them will at least strive hard to conduct the contest entirely free from any element of personal ill-will. (Cheers.) Let us hope that the footsteps of this fair young Commonwealth will be guided along the broad paths towards the most abundant springs of human peace, happiness, and prosperity. Let us hope that the men in power, that the men in Parliament, will be able to so perform their duty to the people. (Applause.) If they fail, let us hope that the people will set them right. (Cheers ) But there is another word to be said. If both statesmen and people fail, there are still mightier forces at work on the world’s plan of human progress. (Applause.) We make our mistakes; we may think we are pursuing a wise course when, perhaps, we are following a disastrous path. But there are forces above us all which will bring forward the great interests, not only of this part of the world, but of all the nations of the world. You know that all the mountain streams find their union at last in the broad ocean which bears upon her free and impartial bosom the commerce and the flags. (Cheers.) Although I differ from some of my friends, and would like to see the day come now, whereas others think we should wait until the conditions are more equal, I feel that all must hope for the day when the pent-up energies—industrial, commercial, and manufacturing— which throb at the heart of nations will at last overcome all their obstacles, and find their way into the common ocean of human progress. (Cheers.) I have the greatest pleasure in asking you to drink to “ The Commonwealth.” (Loud cheers.)

The toast was cordially drunk, and the band played “ Rule Britannia.”

The Right Hon. C. C. Kingston, Minister of State for Trade and Customs in the Commonwealth, on rising to respond, was greeted with hearty cheers. He said: Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,— It is a high honor and a grave responsibility, as the first Federal Minister of Trade and Customs, to respond to the toast of the Australian Commonwealth—an accomplished fact. To-day we see the realisation of that high ideal. I can assure you that the responsibility would be overpowering, so far as I am concerned, except for one or two matters which I cannot forget. First, I reflect that I have had the opportunity and honor of addressing an audience in this down Hall before as President of the National Convention. I cannot forget the reception which you then accorded me.

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COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.



(Cheers.) I reflect, also, that I have a higher claim to your consideration in that I speak from the platform of a common citizenship—that we are one, and that I belong to you. (Loud cheers.) It has been my privilege at different times to serve under the Prime Minister of Australia—when he was leader of the Convention, and when he was leader of the Federal Delegation in England. (Cheers.) The honor he has conferred upon me in selecting me as one of his Ministers is not one which I am likely to forget. There is another honor which I shall never forget. As regards the Right Hon. George Houston Reid—(cheers)—it has been my privilege in the past, as a brother Premier, to be associated with him in the    advocacy of the Federal movement;    and    I make bold to say that he

will never complain of the loyalty I then exhibited    to    him,    because I felt his    heart was

in the cause, just as the heart of the Right Hon. Edmund Barton has always been. (Cheers.) I have learned one or two things since I have been here. (Cheers.) I came to the conclusion here, last night, that long speeches were not acceptable just now to a Sydney audience. (Hear, hear, and laughter.) I am disposed to think that the time has come when oratory has had its day, and solid work by the Ministers of the Federal Government is required and expected for the satisfactory working of the Federal machine. (Cheers.) I can    assure you we are all prepared    to    give    that work. Time    was when

it was right to    say, “ I am of South Australia,    or    New    South Wales, or    Victoria.”

Those days are past. (Cheers.) Now I am an Australian. (Renewed cheers.) Proud I am to-day when honored by a F ederal Executive trust, and no work shall be spared to deserve the confidence which has been so generously bestowed on us. This is the time for burying all personal ill-will. (Cheers.) That is the general opinion, and to that I say, “ Amen.” This, I say, is the time for burying all State jealousies, and to that I believe United Australia will thrice say, “ Amen.” (Cheers.) There is a responsibility attached to each one of us. It attaches more to those who have strenuously advocated federation, and by their positions are now afforded an opportunity of practising what they advocated. (Cheers.) We shall spare no pains towards that end. We know the objects of the Act—the efficiency of self-defence. We know not the time when Australia will be tried, but when that time comes 1 am satisfied that she will be found ready and willing to defend herself. (Cheers.) Then, as a worthy nation in the great British Empire, we must have economy in finances, uniformity in legislation, the development of trade, the removal of the commercial barriers which have too long separated the colonies. I am a proud man to-day that Mr. Barton has given me the Department of Trade and Customs to administer. My sole desire is to administer it in the interests of the nation. (Cheers.) In the past I have not had an opportunity to become personally acquainted with the people of Australia, but I intend to repair that omission, because the more we know each other the more we will like each other, and the better it will be for the interests of the States and the strength of our endeavours for United Australia, of which we are so proud. (Cheers.) F'rom the bottom of my heart I thank you for the reception you have accorded to the toast of “ The Commonwealth of Australia." (Loud cheers.)

Commerce.''


Sir William McMillan rose, amid cheers, to propose this toast. He said: Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—We have present on this great and historic occasion representatives not only of all Australia— not merely representatives of the British Empire, but also representatives of those bodies which act as a commercial nexus, not otdy in regard to the commerce of Australia, but between us and the civilised world. ! Hear, hear. During the last century which has just closed, a great movement of the human race has been going on, and especially during the long periods of comparative peace that have occurred. That movement has proved to be death to provincialism and to isolation as regards the nations of the world. (Cheers.) Older civilizations rose and fell, and humanity got no good from the result ; but the feature of the civilization of the future is that commercial intercourse throughout all parts of the world will really be a commercial relationship—one texture of commerce generally. (Cheers.) We are now in a very interesting period of human history. The last century closed with the great problem of China before the statesmen of Europe. I think when the present century closes it will be found that there will be no commercial isolation—no China wall, and no closed door to the commerce of civilization.

(Cheers.) We shall not have agents going to England. We believe that the federation of the Australian colonies has been a great triumph for commercial intercourse. (Cheers.) Ihe two great factors of Australian union are defence and commerce, and I doubt very much whether the latter has not been the more powerful motive in bringing the people of the Colonies together. Applause.)

You can have no Commonwealth without free intercourse between all its parts. (Hear, hear.) You might have a federal defence; you might have a confederation of States; and you might have the finest instrument of Government the world has ever seen; you might call yourselves by the glorified title of nation ; but if you do not have free commercial intercourse among each other you can never be one people. (Hear, hear. I feel that this question of commerce is not merely a question of commerce between the ports of Australia and the world, but a question affecting the whole industrial life of the community. (Cheers. Therefore it is with the greatest pleasure, from the platform in this great commercial city of Sydney, I ask you to honour the toast of “ Commerce.”

'1 he toast was drunk with the greatest enthusiasm.

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The Hon. Robert Reid, M.L.C., President of the Chamber of Commerce, Victoria, responded. He said : Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen,-—We have now arrived at a period in the history of Australia which bids fair for its future commercial and intellectual prosperity. During the past few days we have taken a part in demonstrations of rejoicing which were in every way commensurate with the dignity and importance of the event, and the equal of which I feel sure will not be experienced in New South Wales for many years to come. (Hear, hear.) I feel proud at having had the opportunity of witnessing the birth of the nation, and I am prouder still that the new Commonwealth is an integral part of the greatest Empire the world has ever seen. (Cheers.) Referring to the toast of “ Commerce,” I would say that the Empire is common. We were once told by an enemy of the British race that we were “a nation of shopkeepers”; but it is safe to say that wherever, in a state or country, it is found that the commercial principle is disregarded, that nation is a decaying one. All the future depends upon the measure of ability to be found in the financial and commercial interests of a community. (Cheers.) Therefore, in the future of the Commonwealth of Australia, we must look to the commercial interests to produce the men that will guide our destinies, and keep us from disaster. So far as the past is concerned, in connection with the various States of Australia, we have little to complain of; for its increase has been marvellous, and sufficient to inspire us with hope and courage for the future. In a little while our commerce will reach a sum 50 per cent, more than that of Great Britain at the time Her Majesty ascended the throne. In Australia, three or four years ago, we reached a total of ^,160,000,000 of inward and outward commerce. We have had everything we could expect, and can take courage for the future. The grand old country herself has had ^800,000,000 to the credit of commerce in the course of a year, and her children who constitute the Greater Britain of the Empire have reached in commerce for one year the gigantic proportions of £500,000,000. (Cheers.) Therefore, looking at it in its broadest aspect, commerce means for the British race at the present time no less than ^1,300,000,000 per annum. (Applause.) We are now celebrating the glorious triumphs of the work commenced by the men who came out to the colonies in the early years ot Her Majesty s reign. Some of those men have passed away, while others have received honors and renown for the duties they have so well performed. Cheers. The people ot Australia should not forget the contribqtions of the great men of the past

towards the great consummation we now celebrate. (Cheers.) The fathers and brothers of some of you present who came out sixty years ago to open up this great continent found that although Australia constitutes something like one-seventeenth portion of the earth’s surface, yet, like Father Abraham, they knew not whither they were going. But they had the grand old model of the British merchant in their minds, and they knew that their work, built on British principles, would turn out well. It was the adventurous spirit of these men, who came after the discovery of gold, which has made Australia what it is.

Cheers.) 1 particularly desire that, in the annals of this great Commonwealth, the name of one man should be remembered with gratitude, and that is the Mon. James Service, who was the father of commerce in the great Colony of Victoria. (Ringing cheers.) I place Sir Henry Parkes in the great position as the Father of Federation. (Loud cheers.; We should venerate the memories of such men ; and, through the long vista of years to come, let us and those who come after us say, when speaking of this federatal movement, “ There were giants on the earth in those days.” ^Cheers.) There is now opened up to us a vista of grandeur and freedom under the Union Jack. We are celebrating to-day the commencement of our Commonwealth, and honouring the flags of other nations; but the Union Jack has always been with us a synonym for freedom. (Cheers.) Open doors to commerce, freedom of trade, freedom of worship—-all the nations of the earth may come with confidence under that grand old flag. Loud applause.) Australia has entered upon a new era in her commercial existence, and if her sons are true to the race from which they sprung, her success will continue, as it is based upon character, honesty, and determination. We should never forget the men who came here in the early periods of our history, and left us an enduring memorial of faithful service which should inspire the young Australian to go and do likewise; and we cannot have a more fitting and nobler inspiration than that of Lord Tennyson’s, when he sang, fifteen years ago, in such prophetic fashion of the Commonwealth of this continent—

Sharers of our glorious past,

Brethren, must we part at last?

Shall not we, through good or ill,

Cleave to one another still ?

Britain’s myriad voices call,

“ Sons be welded, each and all,

Into one Imperial whole,—

One with Britain, heart and soul !

One Life, One Flag, One Fleet, One Throne,

Britons, hold your own ;

And God guard all.”

(Continued cheering.)

Sir Hairy Parkcs.”

The Right JIon. Edmund Barton, Prime Minister of Australia, said: Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen,—In response to the call made upon me, I have a few words to say which think will be of peculiar interest to us all. I think I have a special claim to be allowed to pay a tribute to the memory of a great man, who has passed from us, but whose memory must remain. Whatever political circumstances may have surrounded the first proposal for Australian federation, that proposal was first made in a tangible form by the late Sir Henry Parkes—(cheers)—and followed up by him with an enthusiasm equal to the enthusiasm of youth, and with a singleness of purpose worthy of a martyr. Cheers.) No man in Australia did so much to quicken the minds and inspire the energies of tin* people in favour of the movement as did Sir Henry Parkes. Applause There was much other work for others to do. The special constructive skill of Sir Samuel Griffith was of enormous value in the making of the nation. Hear, hear. The unselfish services of many others have endeared them to the new nation also. But there was a magnetic quality about Sir Henry Parkes, in his public utterances and his conduct towards those he wished to inspire, which had a wonderful effect in directing the purposes of the people and consolidating their aims. Cheers.) That is the work he did; no one could have done better than that. 1 now ask you to signalise his great work by drinking in silence to the memory of Sir Henry Parkes.

The toast was drunk as proposed.

The Navy, Army, and Volunteers.”

Mr. E. L. Davies, Chairman of the Stock Exchange, rose to propose this toast. He said: .Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—It is a well-known and accepted fact that Australia gives place to none in loyalty and patriotism. It is our pride to know that both on sea and on land we have ready an effective means of defence which must give a strong feeling of security to our people. Cheers.) We are all volunteers, for I feel sure that if at any time we were threatened with invasion, all Australians would at once enrol to defend their empire, their honor, and their fiag. (Cheers. I have, therefore, no hesitation in asking you to drink to the toast of “ The Navy, Army, and Volunteers.”

The toast was drunk with enthusiasm.

The Hon. Sir Frederick Sargood, K.C.M.G., ex-Minister for Defence in Victoria, responded. He said: Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—In acknowledging the toast on behalf of the Army, I should like to say that the Review to day reflected the greatest credit upon the authorities. There was not a single hitch throughout. It was a sight, I venture to say, that not many in this hall ever witnessed before, or are likely to witness again. There was a congregation of 9,000 or 10,000 troops, representing the whole of the

Australian States and New Zealand, with 1,000 Imperial troops and a great number of Indian representatives, the whole indicating the might and strength of the landed forces of the British Empire. (Cheers.) The effect of such a demonstration, from a political point of view, cannot be over-estimated. We are proud to stand side by side with the Imperial troops. We have shown our metal to some purpose, as we are assured by the application of Lord Kitchener for a further number of Australian soldiers, for he is not the man to ask for men he does not believe in. I hope that the Commonwealth Government will on no account allow the state of efficiency of our Defence Forces to weaken. (Hear, hear.) With regard to the Navy, we know that commerce is impossible unless our waters are protected. In the past there had been an inclination in most of the Colonies to economise at the cost of the Defence Forces. A greater mistake could not have been made. The Defence Force is the assurance fund of the State, and no financial considerations should be allowed to interfere with its efficiency and support. It would be better that there should be no Defence Force at all than that the people of the Commonwealth should be deluded to believe they are secure, only to find on the first alarm that the whole scheme is impracticable. We know that commerce across the seas is impossible unless our waters and our shores are protected ; but whatever we do we should not let anything interfere with keeping our Defence Forces in the most perfect state. (Cheers.)


Sir George Dibbs, ex-Premier of New South Wales, responded on behalf of the Navy. He said: Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen,—I think there has been some mistake made in not asking me to respond on behalf of the Volunteers. I have been a member of the Volunteer Force for forty-seven years, and I am the oldest volunteer in Her Majesty’s dominions. I therefore think I should have been permitted to speak for them. (Laughter and cheers.; However, I have great pleasure in responding on behalf of the Royal Defence of the Empire, and the Royal Defence of these Colonies. Without the British Navy, England would have no power in Europe to-day. (Cheers.; Without the British Navy we would have had no Australian Colonies to federate, and without it we would have no British commerce. (Cheers.; In fact, without the British Navy there would have been no development of civilization. Had it not been for the Navy, many of the British ports in times of conflict would have passed

into foreign hands. We cannot say too much for the Navy. In New South Wales it has always been our warmest friend. It was to the Navy that Great Britain owed her prestige; and had it not been for the skill, the tact, and the courage of the Navy, the Australian Colonies would not have been what they are to-day. (Cheers.)

The Hon. Major A. J. Gould, M.L.C., also responded. He said: Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen,—We have recognised fully the great value of the Army and Navy of the Empire at the present time. We also recognise the value of the volunteers and their services; and although the toast to-day embraces the Navy, Army, and Volunteers, I believe the time is not far distant when this toast will be confined simply to the Army and Navy. Volunteers are an integral part of the Empire. They have shown their metal by their magnificent response to the calls made upon them, not only in these colonies, but in South Africa. We all know that the services rendered by the volunteers and other branches of the Army in the South African war have been recognised as most valuable; nor have the volunteers been wanting in patriotism. To think otherwise would be to reproach the people of these States. (Cheers. It has been said here to-day that the necessity still remains of maintaining the efficiency of the defences of the Commonwealth. I feel sure that the Government of the Commonwealth will not be oblivious of the great duty of seeing to the proper and efficient defences of the nation. It has been said that commerce has been made a factor in the prosperity of Great Britain. We recognise that commerce would have been impossible had it not been for the Navy and Army, and the way in which the manhood of the Empire has readily responded to the call to arms. Our volunteer system will show to the world that the able-bodied men of Great Britain and her colonies are always ready, whether in the Navy, the Army, or the Volunteer Eorces, to fight for the maintenance and integrity of the Empire. (Cheers.)

The Chairman ''

His Grace Dr. Saumarez Smith, Archbishop of Sydney, in proposing the toast of “ The Chairman,” said : Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I have been most interested in all the proceedings this afternoon. I am very thankful indeed to be able to take part in the inauguration of the Commonwealth of Australia. (Cheers.) 1 am very glad that the beginning of the proceedings of the inauguration of the Commonwealth were of a religious character. The very pleasing task has been allotted to me of asking you to drink to the health of the man who brought together this great commercial gathering to-day. (Cheers.) I give you the health of Mr. Russell French.

The toast was drunk with great enthusiasm.

Mr. J. Russell French, in responding, said: Your Grace, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I think a vote of thanks should have been extended to the mercantile community of Sydney for the handsome way in which they have responded to the call to commemorate these inaugural proceedings. When I look through the list of the various bodies connected with

158

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.





this movement, 1 feel proud of the handsome manner in which they have taken a part in the celebrations. We have here representatives of financial, manufacturing, commercial, shipping, and insurance institutions of Sydney, and to them the success of this movement to-day must be attributed rather than to myself. We have entered on a great phase of national life, and 1 am satisfied that there is a great—even an enormous—future before these States (Cheers. It is gratifying to know that we have begun the century with the inauguration of the Commonwealth. Cheers.) 1 am very hopeful of the future of this great continent under its new Constitution, and as years roll on I feel confident they will reveal to the people of the States the wisdom of the step that has been taken to bring the different Colonies into one indissoluble union (Hear, hear.) Commerce must inevitably expand, and a deeper spirit of confidence prevail, with the result that, under the beneficent sway of Federation, we should find ourselves an enterprising and prosperous people. (Cheers. .Australia embodies a vast territory and illimitable resources, and I do not doubt for a moment that she possesses all the elements which will enable her to take her place worthily among the nations of the earth. (Cheers. That is the hope and aspiration of us all. The demonstrations which have thus far been held to inaugurate the birth of the nation have been worthy of the occasion, and I am delighted at the magnificent attendance here to-day. I thank you for having drunk mv health, which, I take it, includes the whole of the representatives of the various commercial interests in the community. Cheers.)

The proceedings terminated with the singing of the National Anthem, and three cheers for Her Majesty the Queen.

SCHOOL CHILDREN’S DISPLAY.

Notwithstanding the attraction of the forenoon, which was the occasion for such a large gathering, numbering hundreds of thousands, to witness the Review, the Public Schools’ Displav on the Sydney Cricket Ground, which was held as a contribution to the Commonwealth festivities, was attended by about 40,000 spectators. Within the spacious circle of green sward, 10,000 boys and girls from the Sydney and suburban Public Schools had congregated, and were put through a series of svstematie physical exercises. The evolutions of drill were cleverly devised, and were fittinglv concluded bv an excellent and patriotic tableau, comprised of picturesquely dressed human entities, so arranged as to form an attractive celestial Southern Cross.

I he scene was quite an animated one—the variegated colours of the children’s costumes giving out a succession of kaleidoscopic changes as thev moved about the grounds. 1 his idea ol open-air displays is purely Australian, and was as successful as it was unique. It was said that such a sight, composed of school children, had never before been witnessed in any part of the world. The entertainment began at - p.m with a grand Hag march by girls. '1 he prominent features of the programme consisted of Dumb-bell Musical Drill, the Mavpole Dance, Indian Club Displays, bv boys and girls, and the Running Maze, by boys. The Grafton Band of thirty-two performers and the Sobraon Band supplied the music. His Excellency the Governor-General, accompanied by Captain Duff, A.D.C., attended the Display. The lion. Sir William Lyne (Prime Minister of New South Wales), the Hon. J. Perry (Minister for Public Instruction), the Right Hon. Sir Samuel Way (Lieutenant-Governor and Chief Justice of South Australia), the Right Hon. C. C. Kingston (E'ederal Minister for Trade and Customs), Mr. E. Bridges (Chief Inspector of Schools), and the Officers of the visiting troops were abo present.

'I he various visiting and other bands assigned to contribute musical selections, from the stands at different points in the City during the day, for the recreation of the thousands of persons who preferred to remain about the streets, were again deputed to carry out a similar programme.

In the afternoon the band of the Victorian E’orces of fifty-six performers, under the conductorship of Lieutenant Riley, played a programme of popular selections in the Centennial Park, and drew thousands of lovers of music around the handsomely designed pavilion, which had been specially erected for the Commonwealth Celebrations.

COMMAND NIGHT.

The official programme set forth the following entertainments for this night — Command Night at Her Majesty’s, Royal, Lyceum, Criterion, Palace, and Tivoli, Theatres ; Philharmonic Concert at the Town Hall ; Cycling Carnival at Svdney Cricket Ground, Moore Park; and City Illumination.

For the Command Night the Government had secured the whole of the dress circles of the theatres mentioned for the visitors—military, political, and judicial— to the Inaugural Celebrations. The attendances were very large. Officers attended in uniform. “ Australis, or the City of Zero” was played at Her Majesty’s Theatre, which was specially decorated for the occasion with Union Jacks and coloured drapings, “The Bohemian Girl” at the Theatre Royal, “Puss in Boots” at the Tivoli, “The New Barmaid” at the Lyceum, “ A Message from Mars” at the Palace, and “ Monte Christo ” at the Criterion. All the theatres were decorated with flowers and bunting, and at each one the orchestra played the “ National Anthem.”

PHILHARMONIC CONCERT.

The concert given by the Philharmonic Society, under the auspicies of the Government, and to which their guests had been invited, was a magnificent success. The Society sang “ The Messiah,” the favourite oratorio. The chorus and orchestra (led by Mr. G. Rivers Allpress) were conducted by Mr. Sydney Moss.

CYCLING CARNIVAL.

The Cycling Carnival, under the management of the League of Wheelmen, with the patronage of the Government, was continued at the Sydney Cricket Ground. A-notable-feature in connection with this night’s sport was the highest cash prize ever competed for in the State, nearly/-200, and necessarily it brought together all the champion-cyclists in the different States of the Commonwealth.

CITY ILLUMINATIONS.

At the Sydney Town Hall, a pyrotechnic display was given by the City Council, and was witnessed by many thousands of persons. Rockets and fireworks were sent up in profusion through the murky atmosphere of an overcrowded city, and bursting into a shower of coloured balls of opalescent and pink, blue, green, and purple, streamed downwards amid the plaudits and shouts of an admiring multitude.

On the side of the Town Hall was an outline in tire of Australia, surmounted by the legend, “ One People, One Destiny,” iii letters of flame, which evoked most enthusiastic cheering from the crowds. Portraits of Lord and Lady Hopetoun were displayed in lights, also pictures of the Town Clerk and the new Mayor. The arrangements were under the control of Mr. J. H. Merriman, the City Architect. During the evening the National Guard’s Band, which was stationed on the roof of the portico, rendered an excellent programme of music.

The illuminations of the city and parks were again continued till 11 p.m.

Fourth Day-Friday, January 4.

The items of entertainment for this dav, as indicated bv the official programme, were Athletic and Cycling Sports at 9 o’clock, a Harbour Aquatic Demonstration at 1 o’clock, and Theatrical Matinees for the Poor at 2 o’clock.

ATHLE'l IC AND CYCLING SPORTS.

The Athletic and Cycling Carnival, which was a Government fixture, consisted of almost every variety of athletics in which the army, the navy, and civilians could take part. The eighty events for competition brought out over 300 contestants, including champions from each of the States and athletes from across the seas. Several members of the visiting Imperial and Indian troops entered into the contests. Nothwithstanding that the weather was somewhat hot, and the dav generally dustv, there was a very large attendance on the ground, and the Carnival was in everv sense an “ artistic ” success.

HARBOUR AQUATIC DEMONSTRATION.

1 he Harbour Aquatic Demonstration was held on the placid waters of Port Jackson, which are so eminently suited for the purpose, although in the past the exponents ot natation and rowing had confined their competitions to the equally advantageous waters of the Parramatta River, at or about where it empties itself into Sydney Harbour. '] he weather for the Regatta was beautifullv fine. '1 he waters wore a most animated appearance with a flotilla of yachts and half-deckers in tull sailing rig, enlivened by a sharp breeze, as they manoeuvred through the swarm of smaller sailing craft and rowing-boats which hovered round. The transport s.s. “ Britannic,” of the White Star line, served as the flagship, her capacious decks being crowded to the full. Among those present during the dav were—'1 he Hon. Sir William Lyne (Prime Minister of New South Wales), His Excellency Admiral Pearson, the Hon. W. J. Taverner, the Hon. W. Pitt, M.L.C., the Hon. E. Morey, M.L.C. (Victoria), Lieutenant-Colonel J. G. Davies, M.H.A.





INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    .63

(Mayor of Hobart), the Hon. W. H. Trenwith (Minister for Public Works, Victoria), the Hon. E. W. O’Sullivan (Minister for Public Works, New South Wales), Mr. [. L. Purves, O.C., of Victoria, and the Bishop of Riverina. Avery extensive programme of sports was carried out, the prizes for the different events being Commonwealth medals, commemorative of the occasion.


PICNIC TO THE NATIONAL PARK.

At 10 o’clock a large party of visiting and local legislators started by special trains for the National Park. On arrival at the park, drags and vehicles were in waiting to convev the guests to Port Hacking, where luncheon was served. About 300 members, with a large number of ladies, comprised the party. The Hon. John See (Colonial Secretary) with the Hon. B. R. Wise (Attorney-General) represented the Government of the Mother State. Luncheon having been partaken of, the

guests, under the guidance of the Trustees, made an inspection of the park. The excursion was thoroughly enjoyed by one and all, and warm praise was given to the Hon. J. H. Want, M.L.C. (Chairman of the Reception and Entertainment Committee) and his attendants for their admirable attention to the comfort of the visitors.

THEATRICAL MATINEE PERFORMANCES

In the afternoon a performance was given to the Poor at each of the theatres, by the generosity of the Proprietors. The invitations extended to the inmates of the charitable institutions and other indigent persons, amounting in all to 9,000, and were gladly availed of. The performances given were—“ Australis ” at Her Majesty’s Theatre, “A Message from Mars” at the Palace, “Puss in Boots” at the Tivoli, “ The New Barmaid ” at the Lyceum, and “ Monte Christo ” at the Criterion. The kindness of the theatre proprietors, in placing the whole of their staffs and equipments at the disposal of the Government for the purpose, was suitably acknowledged, from the stage, by the Hon. F. B. Suttor, Vice-President of the Executive Council.

PICNIC TO THE BLIND.

Picnics were also given by the Citizens’ Committee to the inmates of the Blind institutions of the city and suburbs, and about 4,000 men and women were thus enabled to spend a very pleasant day on the harbour. Luncheon was provided in the pavilion at Clontarf, in Middle Harbour. Although it may seem incredible to those who enjoy the blessing of sight, athletic sports were engaged in. An extensive programme, including foot races, on smooth and straight tracks hemmed in with ropes, tug-of-war and jumping, was carried out, and the different events were eagerly contested.

The programme of Band performances in the streets of Sydney was continued ; the various bands taking up positions entirely different from those which they had occupied on previous occasions. Nor were the recreation grounds and pleasure resorts, so conspicuous in the surroundings of the New South Wales capital, unprovided with stimulating music each day.

166    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

CONTINENTAL.

At night there was a Continental in the Domain at half-past 7 o’clock, a Harbour Fireworks Display at 8 o’clock, an Amateur Orchestral Concert at the

Town Hall, Sydney, at 8 o’clock, and Illuminations in the City.

*    1

Notwithstanding the counter attraction of the fireworks on the harbour the Continental in the Domain was patronised by thousands of persons. A well selected programme, under the conductorship of Mr. N. Ghede, was carried out, while the Federal Orchestra rendered a number of patriotic and popular selections.

The great mass of the people, however, concentrated their attention upon the pyrotechnic display on the harbour, which, in point of magnificence was unsurpassable, while the illuminations were produced on the most elaborate scale. The weather was perfect for the occasion. Tens of thousands of persons witnessed the display. Nearly all the available ferry services of the port were placed at the service of the sightseers, and, in addition to the steamers provided by the Government for the accommodation of their guests, the shipping companies of Sydney issued invitations to thousands of persons to view the exhibition from their vessels, all of which were laden to the full. The sight was one not easily to be forgotten. Circular Quay was in itself a scene of great animation. The mammoth liner, “Grosser Kurfurst,” of the Nordeutcher Lloyd Company, which had been placed at the disposition of the Government for the accommodation of a large number of their distinguished guests, was brilliantly outlined from stem to stern with electric lights, presenting a charming picture as she lay at her moorings. The face of the harbour was crowded with all descriptions of boats, in the centre of which, arranged in single line, were H.M.S. “ Royal Arthur” and her sister warships. All harbour traffic was suspended, and the firing of a gun from the “ Royal Arthur ” at 8 o’clock was the signal for witnessing a magnificent spectacle. In one flash the whole line of warships was ablaze with coloured lights, issuing from and bringing into prominence their majestic proportions. This excellent display was continued at intervals during the evening, each lighting presenting a variety of fresh colours.

As a fitting climax to the efforts .of the Naval Squadron, the “ Royal Arthur” was cleverly outlined, with electric glow lamps, including her masts and yardarms, delineating with striking splendour the contour of the ship.

The pyrotechnic material, issuing from a number of pontoons carefully arranged and distributed about Farm Cove, was specially imported for the occasion. The more prominent points of the capacious harbour were resplendent with appropriate illuminations For two hours the exhibition of fireworks, with its cluster of variegated colours and myriads of scintillating sparks, was continued, producing a scene of most imposing grandeur. Cheer after cheer went up from the multitude of spectators as each successive rocket rose, burst, and streamed away. Refreshments were liberally provided for the comfort of the visitors, while the bands on the various steamers played appropriate selections of music. The scene surpassed

anything of the kind ever before witnessed in the State. The entertainment concluded with a dazzling flight of 3,000 rockets, which showered forth fiery bouquets of changing colours.

The Union liner, s.s. “ Mokoia,” carried over ’,000 guests, including the Lieutenant-Governor of the State and party, Admiral Pearson and staff, Officers of the visiting Imperial and Indian troops, Sir George and Lady Turner, Sir Robert and Lady Stout, Sir William Lyne and Members of the Ministry, Hon. F. C. Mason (Speaker of Victorian Assembly), Sir William and Lady McMillan, Sir John and Lady Quick, the Right Hon Edmund Barton and Members of the Commonwealth Ministry, Right Hon. G. II. and Mrs. Reid, and leading public men in all the States; and the pyrotechnic display from her starboard side, under the supervision of Captain Spinks, was a pretty contribution to the spectacle on the harbour.

During the evening the Maori members of the New Zealand Contingent were welcomed and speeches delivered by the Right Hon. R. Seddon (Prime Minister of New Zealand), the Hon. James Carroll (Minister for Native Affairs), Ratana Ngahina, Nireaha Tamaki, Tamahau Mahupuku (leading Native Chiefs), Mr. J. Stevens, M.P. (New Zealand), and Mr J. T. Brown, M.P. (Victoria). At several intervals during the display the Maoris danced a “ haka.” The Hon. B. R. Wise (Attorney-General) represented the Government of New South Wales, while Mr. F. W. Jackson, local Manager, represented the Union Steamship Co.

AMATEUR ORCHESTRAL CONCERT.

Under the auspices of the Government, the Sydney Amateur Orchestral Societv, in the 1 own Hall, gave a concert to which invitations had been issued. The programme was appropriately light and in every way befitting the occasion ; the rendition of each item meeting with hearty applause. Over three thousand persons attended the concert, which, for musical and social brilliancy, rivalled any previous function of the kind held in the State*

1 he city illuminations were again continued, attracting quite as many spectators as were to be seen in the streets on any previous evening.

Fifth Day. Saturday, January 5.

The items on the official programme for this day were : A New South Wales Defence Force Rifle Association Meeting, at theRandwick Rifle Range at 7-45 a.m.; March of the Trades Unions and United Friendly Societies through the City at 1030 am.; a Sports Meeting of the. Trades Unions and Friendly Societies at the Agricultural Ground, Moore Park, at noon ; and a Cricket Match, New South Wales v. South Australia, Sydney Cricket Ground, at noon.

The Rifle Meeting, held at the Randwick Range, was in every way a success, the weather being good for shooting. The contests were confined to members of the Association, to which bodAr the Government had contributed a sum of money ifor the events. There was a large attendance of lovers of the sport.

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COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.


TRADES UNIONS AND FRIENDLY SOCIETIES’ DEMONSTRATION.



The procession through the streets of the city by the United Friendly Societies and Trades Unions presented a magnificent spectacle. Recognising the importance and numerical strength of the combined orders of the respective bodies forming this demonstration, the Government considered it advisable to set apart a separate day for the purpose; and in order that the representation might be in keeping with the dignity and traditions of the various bodies taking part, a sum of money was granted from the Treasury towards the display. At an early hour the processionists assembled in the Domain, and at half-past 10 o’clock a start was made through the gates opposite St. Mary’s Cathedral, past the Queen’s Statute, down Macquarie-street into Bridge-street, thence, via George-street, Park-street, College-street, Oxford-street, Bourke-street, and Fitzroy- street to Moore Park, where the processionists disbanded and entered the Royal Agricultural Society’s Ground to attend the sports. The order of the procession was as follows :—

Mounted Police.

The Naval Artillery Brigade Band.

The Eight-hours Committee, with banner.

The Shearers’ Union, with triumphal car.

The Australian Workers’ Union, with banner, followed by twenty-four members of the Society on horseback ; two six-horse lorries, highly decorated, containing sheep-shearers ; and a number of members of the Union on foot.

The Furniture Trades Society, with banner and allegorical car, showing girls dressed to represent the six federated colonies, with Britannia sitting behind them.

The Operative Bakers’ Society, with banner, and car showing a baker’s oven and bakers making bread.

The Britannia Band.

The Coal Lumpers Union, with banner, and car showing stacks of coal and coal-lumpers at work.

The Tailors’ Union, with banner.

The Sydney United Plasterers’ Union, and car bearing a temple made of plaster-of-Paris.

The Burwood District Band.

The Cobar Band.

The Coopers’ Society, with an exhibit of a tun and a number of barrels on a lorry.

The Presscrs’ Eight Hours Society, with car laden with tweeds manufactured at the Parramatta mills.

The Sydney Trade and Benefit Society of Painters, with banner, and car exhibiting sections of two rooms elegantly painted and hung with paper, and showing paperhangers at work.

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.



171


The United Society of Boilermakers, with banner, and tools of trade, and samples of their work on a lorry.

The Glebe Band.    .

The Tinsmiths and Sheet-iron Workers’ Society, with men in metal armour on horseback.

The Slaughtermen and Journeymen Butchers, with banner, two members leading pet lambs, decorated with rosettes, two cars festooned and carrying a number of sheep.

The Bookbinders’ Society, with car showing exhibit of bookbinding.

The Sydney City Band.

The Glassworkers' Union, with a furnace on a lorry, and men working at glass-blowing; also a trophy of bottles on another car, at the apex of which was a globe ornamented with painted portraits of the Federal Premier and the late Sir Henry Parkes.

The Painters and Dockers’ Union, with two steam-boats on lorries.

The Newtown Band.

The United Operative Bricklayers’ Society, with banner, and a trophy of bricks laid in six courses, the broadest being labelled “ New South Wales *’ at the foundation, and the overlying smaller courses according to the names of the other colonies federating.

The Coldstream Band.

The Federated Seaman’s Union, with banner.

m


The Ilelensburg Model Band.

The 'Federated Seamen’s Union, with car representing Britannia and the States of the Commonwealth, and another allegorical car, with a large globe exhibiting the Southern Hemisphere.

The Grafton Band.

The Progressive Carpenters’ Society, with banner.

The Western Suburbs Band.

The Masons’ Society, with banner.

The Masons’ Society, with car bearing masons at work on a Corinthian cap and the left-hand springer of a pediment.

Another car showing masons dealing with stone in the rough.

The Sydney Wharf Labourers’ Union, with banner, and a ship named Federation on a car laden with wool, and wharf labourers.

The Corowa Brass Band.

The Newcastle United Labourers’ Union, No. 1 Branch, with banner.

A car with trophy of brickwork.

The United Ironmoulders’ Union of Australasia, with banner.

The Pressers’ Union, with banner and car.

The Railway Band.

The Protestant Benefit Society, with banner, and a car on which were representations of the Society about the time of William III.

The Loyal Orange Lodge, with banner, and exhibit on a cart.

Vehicles containing members of the Orange Society.

The Sons and Daughters of Temperance.

The Loyal Crusaders in a canopied car, bearing the motto “ Success to the Commonwealth.”

The Paddington Band.

The National Independent Order of Oddfellows, with car containing Oddfellows of all nations in their national costumes.





172    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.







The Australian Catholic Guild, with decorated car.

The Helensburg Band.

The United Ancient Order of Druids, preceded by officers in a drag.

The Independent Order of Rechabites, with banner.

The Grand United Order of Free Gardeners, with banner.

The Hibernian Australian Catholic Benefit Society, with band, and allegorical car.

The Irish National Foresters, with two banners.

The Protestant Alliance Friendly Society of Australasia, with allegorical car.

The Armidale Band.

The Independent Order of Oddfellows, with banner, and car, on which were a number of Oddfellows in dress of mediaeval times.

The G.U.O.O.F., with banner.

The Mudgee Band.

The Order of Royal Foresters, with banner, anil-preceded by a marshal and mounted Foresters in ancient costume.

Members of the supreme court of the Order, and a decorated trolley representing a court of Royal Foresters some hundreds of years ago.

The Enterprise Band.

Royal Foresters, on horseback, in 17th century costumes ; also members of branch courts.

The Ancient Order of Foresters, with banner.

Dense crowds lined the route of the procession and evinced great enthusiasm at its artistic character, as the glittering pageant moved on its way. The demonstration was one of dignity and stateliness, and in picturesqueness excelled any previous effort made in Sydney by similar bodies

A light breeze opened out the banners of the different societies and displayed in their grandeur the insignia of their order. Allegorical figures and tableaux vivants were a striking feature of the spectacle. Men engaged in their respective avocations were exhibited on trollies, drawn by teams of six and eight horses artistically dressed with rosettes and ribbons Among the pedestrians were to be seen members of different unions carrying aloft specimens of their tools of trade. Other bodies were represented by their leaders, mounted on horses, bearing gold-tipped staves and wearing courtier-costumes. The Friendly Societies also represented the humanitarian character of the work by allegorical cars.

At the rear of the procession were a number of four-horse; drags, conveying Members of Parliament and visitors from other States.





As part of the day’s demonstration, sports were held in the Agricultural Ground and were largely attended. A long programme of cycling and athletic events was carried out. Among those present were—His Excellency the Governor-General, the Hon. Sir William Lyne (Prime Minister of New South Wales), the Right Hon. R. Seddon (Prime Minister of New Zealand), and Mr. J. S. T. McGowen (Leader of the Labour Party in the Legislative Assembly of New South Wales). At the


luncheon, which took place before the arrival of the Governor-General and Sir William Lyne, several patriotic speeches were made.

The Ministry.”

Mr. J. S. T. McGowen, M.L.A, in proposing the toast of “The Ministry,” said he had been connected with the Trades Unions of New South Wales for over thirty years and had seen every demonstration held in the city of Sydney during that time; and he could unhesitatingly say that the display that day, particularly from the view of the Trades Unions, excelled any previous one. He asked those present to drink to the health ot “ The New South Wales Ministry,” which was cordially done.

The Hon. E. W. O'Sullivan, Secretary for Public Works, responded. He said : On behalf of the Ministry, 1 return you our sincere thanks for the cordial way in which you have honoured the toast. 1 think we only did what was right in insisting upon a day being set apart for this demonstration, and in proclaiming it a public holiday. (Cheers.) '1 here are, no doubt, gentlemen here who opposed, as well as many who supported, the Constitution Bill, but who now wish to see the Commonwealth succeed. (Cheers.) The various friendly Societies in New South Wales and the other States led the way to federation long before politicians thought of it. Let me point, for instance, to the Federated Seamen’s Union, which has been the pioneer organisation. Therefore the Trades Unions and Friendly Societies have done a great deal towards bringing about this grand consummation. (Applause.) 1, as you know, believe in trades unionism as the next sacred thing to religion. It has done more for the mass of humanity than all the teachings of philosophers or the professions of states men. During the last century enormous progress has been made in the labour movement and in labour legislation, which has revived in the workmen of the country the spirit of the old Guilds and bound them together for their mutual protection, and to-day I am glad to say that Australia leads the world in all labour movements. (Cheers.) I hope, notwithstanding any mistakes we may make, we shall go along on similar lines to those we are now following, and make this great Commonwealth a contented home for the working man. We have here a continent free from all the old ideas and traditions of Europe, and even of America ; we have no negro question to grapple with, and whatever remains of coloured labour in the different States I sincerely trust will be wiped out by the Federal Parliament. (Cheers.) That done, 1 feel sure we shall have a state of things in this Commonwealth that will stand as a beacon light to the whole civilised world. The grand demonstration which you have given us to-day only shows what can be done by mutual co-operation and association, and the fault will be ours if trades unionism does not become a living principle for all time. (Cheers.) With regard to the Friendly Societies, 1 need say very little, because we all know that their aims and humanitarian interests receive the approbation of all men. (Cheers.) The objects of Friendly Societies do not encounter the prejudice and ignorance which beset trades unionism, and therefore they can well be left to themselves. I for one am very pleased indeed that the word “ colony," as we knew it, has been kicked into eternity by the inauguration of the Commonwealth. (Cheers.)

The Commonwealth."

Mr. W. M. Hughes, M.P., in proposing the toast of “The Commonwealth,” said: 1 have very much pleasure in proposing this toast. I was one of those in the great campaign who cast a vote against the Constitution Bill. We were defeated, and when we were defeated we were ready to acknowledge it—(cheers)—and we are prepared to do what we can to enable all to live wisely and well under the new regime. (Cheers.) Since last Tuesday we have emerged into a new condition of things. Henceforth we are one community instead of living as separate peoples. It is, in my opinion, to be regretted that the union is not a closer one. I fought against the Bill because it did not go far enough. The Labour Party, and those who cast their votes against the acceptance of the Constitution, have been termed anti-federalists. A large number thought that the Constitution did not provide sufficient safeguards; they preferred that it should give power to amalgamate the debts, to take over the railways, and embody a wider scheme of federation. I feel sure that every effort will be made at the elections by the great anti-Bill Party, in common with the other States, to return men whose object will be to further the interests of the Commonwealth. (Loud cheers.) I have pleasure in asking you to drink to “ The Commonwealth.”

The toast was honoured with great enthusiasm.

The Hon. W. Trenwitli (Minister for Public Works, Victoria), responded. He said: Mr. Chairman, and Gentlemen,—I feel very proud indeed of the distinction you have been kind


enough to bestow upon me in coupling my name with the great question of success to the Commonwealth. The gentleman who proposed the toast said there were thousands of men here who opposed the Constitution Bill, but that they were all united on the principle of federation. Now, as one who had some hand in creating that Bill, as a Victorian delegate to the Convention, I am pleased to think that, as an instrument of Government, it has no equal in the world for the purpose of giving democratic government to the people. (Cheers.) With reference to funding the debts and taking over the railways of the different States, which had been spoken of, while it was not thought expedient to make it imperative, still it was provided in the Constitution that whenever the people of Australia may so desire the debts can be funded and the railways taken over. (Cheers.) That is one of the great advantages of the Constitution under which we are to live in future—that while it is not too pliant and cannot easily be altered, it provides machinery for doing anything the people of the continent may desire. (Cheers). I am delighted to observe on every hand from Billite and anti-Billite the desire to see everything done for the best, and 1 am personally grateful for the many kindnesses they have shown me on this occasion. The people of the other States who have attended your celebrations are overwhelmed with the kind treatment they have received. I felt quite proud, as a member of a Friendly Society, to see the grand display you produced this day. It was a people’s demonstration. (Cheers.) On Tuesday we had a procession which embodied the sentiment of the Empire : we had a considerable military display. I believe that the bulk of the people, while recognising that, as circumstances are, militarism must prevail, desire that the time may quickly come when the necessity for soldiers will cease. (Cheers.) The spirit which is disseminated by Trades Unions, and the settlement of disputes by arbitration, will extend eventually to the councils of nations, and all differences between right and wrong shall be peacefully settled, leaving the cannon and the soldier as things of the past. (Cheers.) My first visit to this city arose some years ago out of a Trades Union Congress. It is pleasing to see those great bodies which were represented in the demonstration to-day so well represented in the councils of their country. (Cheers.) Trades Unionism has entered upon a new phase. In the past it had to battle against prejudice and other elements which rendered it illegal, and it hail to battle against the treachery of those who should have been friendly to it; but it has now entered into the realms of respectability, receiving the approbation of the people, and it is becoming a power in the land. (Cheers.) In pressing our claims in the future, we should remember that we have the power and authority to give effect to them, but at the same time we should be restrained by the principle of fair play and consideration for others as well as ourselves. (Cheers.) In connection with this federal movement, we are making history in a very peculiar way. We have no flag that has braved the battle and the breeze for over a thousand years. We have this Commonwealth infant in our arms, nurturing and tending it, strengthening and developing it, and if we are to do our duty correctly we shall remember the lessons of the past and observe the watchword of freedom and justice to all. We shall develop from this infant a national man that will stand with giant strength amid the southern seas. (Cheers.) Every man must do his duty; every man must


remember that the highest political gain is not what he does for himself, but what he assists in doing for the whole of the people in the State in which he lives. (Cheers.)

The Friendly Societies and Trades Unions."

Mr. S. Smith, M.L.A. (New South Wales), proposed the toast of “ Success to the Friendly Societies and Trades Unions.” He said : As a trades unionist, and also a member of a friendly society, I was delighted to see the demonstration placed upon the streets of Sydney this morning. I am sure that every member of the bodies concerned must feel satisfied with the result of their labours, and that the Government who rendered such magnificent assistance in making the display a grand one will be pleased with the manner in which the project has been carried out. (Cheers.) It was gratifying to see the Trades Unions’ and the Friendly Societies’ representatives marching together for the first time, and I hope to see that fraternal spirit so warmly exhibited to-day between these two great bodies of the community continued and made lasting for a very long time to come. (Cheers.)

The toast was duly honoured.

Mr. Moffit Burns responded on behalf of the Friendly Societies. He stated that although it was the first time these two great organisations had marched together, he hoped it would not be the last, and that it was the intention of the Friendly Societies to become a factor in the politics of the country by sending direct representatives to Parliament.

The Hon. J. Hepher, M.L.C., responded on behalf of the Trades Unions.

Cheers were then given for the Queen.

PICNIC TO VISITING CLERGYMEN.

At half-past io o’clock, special trains left Redfern Station, conveying a great number of visiting clergymen to the National Park, where they were entertained by the Government at a picnic. About 100 representatives accepted the invitation.

The Rev. J. E. Carruthers acted as Secretary, and took charge of the party. On arrival at the park, visits were made to the fresh-water dam, Port Hacking, and other points of interest. At the luncheon, the Venerable Archdeacon Langley presided, and several toasts, including “ The Queen,” were honoured. The Hon. J. II. Want, Q.C., M.L.C., responded on behalf of the Government organising Committee.

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    177

INTER-STATE CRICKET MATCH.

Among’ the events for the recreation of the guests of the Government and visitors to the city was the twenty-first cricket match between New South Wales and South Australia, which was commenced under perfect conditions, on the Sydney Cricket Ground. The attendance numbered about 16,000. New South Wales was represented by M. A. Noble, S. E. Gregory, F. A. Iredale, R. A. Duff, A. J. Hopkins, A. McBeath, J. Marsh, J. J. Kelly, V. Trumper, T. Howard,

L. O. S. Poidevin, and S. J. Redgrave (12th); while South Australia had, as her representatives, C. Hill, G. Giffen, J. C. Reedman, F. Hack, E. Walkley, A. Pellew, A. H. Jarvis, F. Jarvis, J. Travers, J. Matthews, B. T. Bailey, and P. Stuart (12th). The match was won by New South Wales.

The various city and suburban and visiting country bands, which were a factor in entertaining such large numbers of persons in the principal thoroughfares and pleasure grounds on the preceding days of the celebrations, again repeated the performances to the delight of immense crowds that gathered around them.

The series of entertainments provided for the night included a Naval and Military Banquet at the Town Hall, a Continental at North Sydney Oval, a Cycling Carnival at Sydney Cricket Ground, and a repetition of the city illuminations.

NAVAL AND MILITARY BANQUET.

The Naval and Military Banquet, which was held in Sydney Town Hall, proved one of the most brilliant functions of the inaugural celebrations. The banquetting chamber was artistically dressed with flags of different nations, banners, and shields. The guests, for the most part resplendent in bright uniforms, numbered about 500, including the officers of the visiting Imperial and Indian troops, Officers of the Meet, representing both the Australian and New Zealand services, dignitaries of the churches, and distinguished visitors. The galleries were crowded with ladies, who took a lively interest in the festival Herr Yollmar’s orchestra contributed musical selections during the evening.

The Hon. John See (Colonial Secretary of New South Wales) presided. On his right sat the Right Hon. Edmund Barton (Prime Minister of the Commonwealth), Major-General French, Colonel Crole Wyndham, the Right Hon. Sir Samuel Way (Lieutenant-Governor and Chief Justice of South Australia), the Hon. N. Lewis (Prime Minister of Tasmania), Brigadier-General Gordon, the Hon. Robert Philp (Prime Minister of Queensland), Colonel Penton, the Hon. F. W. Holder (Prime Minister of South Australia), Colonel Finn, and the Right Hon. Sir Edward Braddon. On the Chairman’s left were Captain Dicken, Captain Rich, Captain Sir George R. Dibbs, Sir Robert Stout (Chief Justice of New Zealand), Colonel Peyton, the Hon. B. R. Wise, Q.C. (Attorney-General), Colonel Legge, the Hon. John Frost of Natal, the Hon. A. P. Layard (of Cape Colony), the Hon. Sir Frederick Sargood,and the Hon. J. Carroll (Minister for Native Affairs, New Zealand).

Among the numerous guests in the body of the hall were Mr. Justice Cohen, Dr. Graham (Mayor of Sydney), the Hon. F. B. Suttor (Vice-President of the Executive Council); Majors Fisher, Smith, Rane, Riddell, and Harding; Captains Whiston, Powell, Oakley, Cowans, and Field ; Lieutenants McCalmont, Church, Hyde, Collins, Fuller, Cunningham, Green, and Speight.

Apologies for absence were received from His Excellency the Governor-General, and the Hon. Sir William Lyne, who, in pleading another important engagement, wrote: “ This is the more regrettable to me, as I feel how much we are indebted to our naval and military friends—visiting and others—for the assistance they have afforded us during our national rejoicing, and I should have liked again to express the thanks of the Colony for the pleasure they have given us ” ; and from the Hon. Sir James Dickson (Federal Minister for Defence), the Archbishop of Sydney, the Hon R. E. O’Connor (Vice-President of the Federal Executive Council), the Hon. F. R. Moor (of Natal), the Hon. S. McCaughey, M.L.C., Captain Hoskins (R.M.S. “Tauranga”), the Right Hon. Sir John Forrest (Federal Postmaster-General), the Right Hon. C. C. Kingston (Federal Minister of Customs), Judge Murray, and the Right Hon. R. Seddon (Prime* Minister of New Zealand).

The Loyal Toast.”

The Chairman gave the toast of “ The Queen,” which was cordially drunk, the orchestra playing the National Anthem.

The Governor-General.”

The Chairman, in proposing this toast, said : Representatives of the Armies of the Empire, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—The toast which I have the honor of submitting for your acceptance is that of the Governor-General of Australia. I think it will be generally conceded that the people of Australia have been exceedingly fortunate in having secured the services of so distinguished a gentleman as Lord Hopetoun for their first Governor-General. (Cheers.) He is distinguished in connection with British politics, and in his career as Governor of Victoria, when he endeared himself to the people of these Colonies. Whilst we regret exceedingly that he is unable to be present with us to-night, we must all admire the fortitude with which he, in such a weak state of health, went through the ordeal connected with the swearing-in ceremony. (Cheers.) I am sure that he will discharge his duties to the satisfaction of the people, and I trust that with his Ministry he will lay broad

and deep the foundations of our Commonwealth. (Cheers. I ask you to rise and drink to the health of “ The Governor-General.”

The toast was most cordially received.


.



The Lieutenant-Governor of Nesv South Wales.”

The Chairman, in proposing this toast, said : 1 now wish to propose a toast which I hope will be cordially accepted by everyone here to-night, and that is the health of our Lieutenant-Governor, Sir Frederick Darley. The high personal character and qualities which our distinguished Lieutenant-Governor possess are beyond my power to describe. He has been with us in New South Wales for nearly half a century, and in addition to holding the position of Chief Justice for a great many years hi: has filled other important offices in the public life of the Colony. (Cheers.) On several occasions he has had the distinction of presiding at different functions as Her Majesty’s representative, which in itself is a great honour to any man. (Cheers.) It is possible for such a distinguished person as Sir Frederick Darley to be appointed as our State Governor, and any appointment of the kind would 1 am certain meet with the approbation of the people. (Cheers. ,    1

regret very much that he is unable to be with us here to-night. 1 ask you to drink to the health of the Lieutenant-Governor.

The toast was duly honoured with enthusiasm.

The Commonwealth Ministry.”

His Honor Sir Robert Stout (Chief Justice of New Zealand), in proposing this toast> said : Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—Before 1 speak concerning the toast which has been placed in my hands, will you permit me, as a New Zealander, to tender the people of New South Wales our grateful thanks for their magnificent hospitality, and to say that what we have seen here has certainly been a revelation to us. Your magnificent displays have been a great lesson, such as we have not been able to receive in our own Colony. (Cheers. 1 allude to the Review which took place in the Centennial Park. (Cheers. ; To one like myself, who has spent all his time in New Zealand, and who has never before seen such a military display, the spectacle was overpowering. We are not of you. We have not become one of the federated States, and in this connection I often think that some of your Australian statesmen are a little impatient with us, and if it were the case that there were more Scotsmen among you than there are, I would be inclined to think that some of your Statesmen were either lineal or collateral descendants of the hero of that well-known Scotch song, “ The Laird o’ Cockpen,” who, as you will remember, when he was setting out to get a wife, thought he could dispense with courting, and was highly indignant when the lady would not at once receive his advances. Cheers.) Now, some Australian statesmen wished to take up the Laird o’ Cockpen’s position in regard to New Zealand, with a result equally disastrous. (Cheers.) But if we follow up the Scotch story, we find







that with a little wooing the union afterwards came off, and was blessed in every way.


Loud cheers.) I have to speak of the Ministry of the Commonwealth. What is the Commonwealth ? It is not merely a new taxing governmental machine. (Cheers.) It is to be a political organism, and it is to weld the people of Australia into one great nation. What does that mean ? It means that for this vast continent there must be peace, and if you consider what is taking place over a similar area in Europe, we may safely realise what is the meaning of having a fast federation in such a great continent. (Applause.) 1 think it was Henry Clay, who, when once crossing the mountains in the Eastern States of America, stopped his conveyance and stooped in a listening attitude, and on being asked what he was listening to, he said : “ 1 am listening to the march of the millions who are to people the United States.” If we could only throw ourselves sufficiently into the future we should also think of the millions who will inhabit this vast continent of Australia, and it will be no small matter that these millions are to be one people, that they are to have one government, that there will not be State against State requiring armed men and armed forts to maintain their positions. (Cheers.) This is one of the lessons of the Commonwealih. The other lesson I take to be this: if the Commonwealth is to succeed it must have a high ideal of government; it must proclaim to the people of Australia that it is a government absolutely free, recognising no distinction of creed or nationality — a government under which there shall be equality before the law, and, most important of all, one suffused with the spirit of fraternity. (Loud cheers. For if you have a new nation or new government, and have not this ideal placed before the people, your Commonwealth cannot be a success. I am afraid, however, tha^ some of our colonial democracies do not always realise what the word liberty, or equality, or even the word fraternity', means. Men may not be punished before the law for their expressions of opinion, but has it not been found in some of our democracies that a person has been punished if he does not see as others see on some political question ? Is there not even found a rampant partyism that will not allow perfect liberty or equality or fraternity' to exist in a State? (Cheers. If this great Commonwealth of y'ours is to be a success it must ever have a high ideal before it. 1 do not envy so much the pioneers of Australia

who have built up these great States, or those who have bu:lt up the Commonwealth. 1 rather, envy the young Australian who will have to work the Constitution which has been created for the whole of this vast continent. (Cheers.) The new Ministry have an exceedingly arduous task before them. They will have to get rid of the provincial feelings which exist, and will exist for years to come, and they have to start a new government. That being so, I think it would be only right to ask for the Ministry that generous consideration which ought to be given to them in starting the new Constitution. (Cheers.) Criticism will come later; at present, what they need is your sympathy and support—(loud cheers),—and I hope you will give them an opportunity to show that they can formulate those measures that will be of benefit, not to one part of Australia alone, but to the whole of the vast territory they are called upon to govern. (Cheers.) Let us hope that the Commonwealth Government will attain a high position among the Governments of the world, and that they will show that they are keeping before them, not merely commercial greatness, not merely an increase of population, but what should be the ideal of every Government—to have the best breed of men, the best race of men, imbued with a higher conception of life and habits than has ever yet obtained in any democracy. (Loud cheers.)

The toast was drunk with the greatest enthusiasm.

The Right Hon. Edmund Barton (Prime Minister of Australia) responded. He said: Your Excellency, Lord Bishop, Mr. Chairman, Soldiers of the Queen, and Gentlemen,—I have to thank Sir Robert Stout for the lofty tone and the generous enthusiasm of the speech which you have just listened to. Inspiration enough there is in the occasion under which Her Majesty’s Ministers for the Commonwealth are called into office, but if any greater inspiration were needed, it would be found in Sir Robert Stout’s utterances. (Cheers.) It is a most gratifying fact that a man of Sir Robert Stout’s experience in politics, and of so high a position in his country, has been able to speak so kindly of the Commonwealth, and to give such a welcome to its Ministers, who depend upon its public opinion. (Cheers ) The week through which we are passing has been, no doubt, a happy one, but at the same time an arduous one for many, and here I wish to echo what the Chairman has said concerning the admirable courage of His Excellency the Governor-General in discharging his inaugural duties, and taking pleasure in them. (Cheers.) 'I he events of this week, as spectacles, have been magnificent, but they have been greater still in their suggestiveness. If you take the great procession of last Tuesday, what was it but an object of brightness, peace, and order? (Cheers.) If you take the Military Review, was it not a revelation of might and majesty, showing how this Empire can be represented in much greater force on any occasion, and for mutual defence ? (Cheers.) That brilliant sight of last night, was not that a glory of light and peace ? (Loud cheers.) That is what seems to me to be the suggestion of these occasions to citizens and subjects of the Empire. I do not wish to say anything for which 1 might incur censure, but as many officers are leaving Sydney to-morrow, I will trust to His Excellency the Governor-General

to forgive me for saying to-night that he has prepared a general order, which will be gazetted next week, bearing witness to service which you have rendered, and to the conduct of the people, (Cheers.) I wish, before going any further, to express my great grief that my esteemed colleague, Sir James Dickson, is so ill as to be unable to be present to-night. He it is who has in hand the great Department of Defence—a Department w’hich, when his health is restored, I am sure he will quickly organise and worthily govern. (Cheers.) I only wish he could have been present to-night to witness this splendid gathering, and to experience its fine enthusiasm. (Cheers.) We in New South Wales are singularly fortunate people at the present time. We have a city which, notwithstanding anything that has been said to the contrary, may be considered a pledge of pride to all Australians. In its natural beauties we have the greatest possible facilities for such displays as have occurred, and I trust that its citizens will continue in other respects the manifestations which they have made in connection with the Commonwealth in all its operations and in every just work. (Cheers.) We have had Billites and anti-Billites, but it is only fair to say that there were large numbers opposed to the Bill whose sincerity to the federal idea we did not doubt, and we look in affectionate reliance upon their support in the great task we have in hand, to show that whichever way the vote went, the Bill now being law, we shall be combined to make that great Act effectual, and to ensure that its benefits will be widely distributed among the people. (Cheers.) No Ministry can stand in this continent unless it is even-handed. Even-handed it must be to live, but evenhanded as I believe this one will be, because the men who compose it—if I may leave myself out—have had long and able careers of service under the Crown. (Cheers.) They are not afraid of the task before them, arduous though it is, but they are imbued with the principle of justice, and I want the people of New South Wales and the rest of Australia to have this assurance from us, that while there must be many subjects for complaint in the discharge of new and complicated duties, the spirit that will animate us throughout will be fairness to every State, fairness to every citizen. (Cheers.) Enviable positions bring unenviable tasks, and those who aspire to Federal office would not be trustworthy unless they recognised the difficulty of their task, and possessed determination to accomplish it with due deference to popular opinion, but at the same time with the fearlessness of Britons. (Loud cheers.) That our ideal ought to be high, I am sure you will see it is not necessary for us to acknowledge; but that we shall do our best I can assure you, and I mean to keep my word. (Loud cheers.) This is not a time for a declaration of policy, but it is a time to recognise the significance of the moment, and of what has been going on, and particularly the enormous significance of the visit we have had from the mother country, from India, and elsewhere, of representative troops. (Loud cheers.) This is not in its meaning a declaration which defies the world ; it is a declaration that we have formed within ourselves an impregnable alliance, not for attack, but for defence. Renewed cheers.) It is a recognition in other form of what has been occurring in South Africa—an intimation that he who touches one of us touches us all. (Cheers.) I was greatly struck by the significance of a quartette sung to-night, “ The Anchor’s Weighed.”

The anchor is indeed weighed. The good Commonwealth ship now holds her course. You will find her crew trusty and loyal. May her voyage be free from mishap, and may she always carry her freight as a good ship should. (Loud and prolonged cheering.)

The State Ministry.”

The Hon. Colonel Sir Frederick Sargood, in proposing this toast, said: Mr. Chairman, Brother Officers, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I have been entrusted with the duty of proposing the toast of “ The State Ministry,” coupled with the name of the Hon. R. R. Wise (Attorney-General). Circumstances have taken place within the last few days that the State Ministry have, to a certain extent, been overshadowed by the Commonwealth Ministry, but I should be very sorry to hear anyone undervalue the importance of the work which the State Ministry will yet have to do. (Cheers.) That is one of the dangers we will have to struggle against, and we must try to overcome it; and it should be our aim in the future to see that good men are chosen to do the work which will still remain. The present Ministry have a lot of useful work yet before them, and their past record is the best guarantee we can have for what they will do in the future, that the work will be done wisely and well. (Cheers.) Changes will no doubt take place in the personnel of the Government from time to time; but whoever may constitute the State Ministry, I feel sure they will do their best to forward the interests of New South Wales. (Cheers.) As a visitor from Victoria, I take this opportunity to congratulate the Government on the splendid reception and treatment they have given us. It is a very easy matter to find fault, but when you come to gauge the dimensions of the past week’s entertainments, it is marvellous indeed that there have not been many mistakes. (Cheers.) The Ministry have carried out the arrangements as successfully as could be expected, and. I only trust that when it comes to our turn in Melbourne we shall have as little ground for complaint as the people here. (Cheers.) I ask you to drink to the health of “The State Ministry.”

The toast was duly honoured.

The Hon. B. R. Wise, M.L.C., Attorney-General, responded. He said: Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—This is not the time for long speaking. During the few days that remain for the stay of the visiting troops in New South Wales the merits of the Ministry, if it had any, will show themselves by what is done rather than by what is said. Of all the pleasant and onerous duties that have been cast upon the Ministry during the last few weeks none has been more agreeable than making arrangements for this significant gathering, and in the execution of none were we more convinced that we were expressing the sentiments of the people, whose mouthpieces we are. (Cheers.) Every man here is a servant of the Queen in one capacity or another, whether military, naval, or civil, and that is the note of unity in this gathering. But there are many of you here who serve the Queen in different capacities, in varying circumstances, and in climes far apart— (cheers)—and that is the note of diversity. It is the combination of unity and diversity which has always been the characteristic of the British race. We should indeed be devoid

of sensibility if we did not feel pleasure when it fell to our lot to represent the mother State of Australia in this great period of national life. (Cheers.) I thank Sir Frederick Sargood, and those who acclaimed his words, for their generous recognition of our efforts, and your courtesy in overlooking our inevitable failures. I also thank those without whose assistance we could have done nothing—I mean, not only the people of this State, but the people of other States, who have united, by every means in their power, to make these


celebrations worthy of the occasion. (Cheers.) On behalf of the Ministry, I welcome to the State of New South Wales the representatives of the Imperial Army, both British and Indian, whose presence have added so greatly to the splendour and the interest of the celebrations. (Renewed cheers.) We welcome all the representative troops from the other States, all met together I hope for the last time under independent command. (Cheers.) 1 trust those visitors will return to England with a feeling that what Australia has done within the last twelve months has not exhausted her resources, but that there are men enough, and men to spare, ready to bear their share in any just quarrel involving the British Empire. (Cheers.) We also can learn from their presence what the power of the British Empire is, and seeing that, we can have our imagination fired to realise what nationality is—the idea which has been borne in upon the English people themselves by the Jubilee procession. (Cheers.) In this way, the tie which binds all portions of the British race together will be knit more firmly, and the man who lives in England will not regard the Australian as any less an Englishman because he lives in these southern seas, and will recognise that there is no difference in race between the Australian born and the man born in Somersetshire or Yorkshire. (Cheers.) Sir Frederick Sargood has said that there is work still for the local Ministry to do. There is indeed. The difficulties of the Commonwealth are only now beginning, and those difficulties of which the Right Hon. Edmund Barton had spoken, may be eased and removed by the goodwill and patriotism of the local Ministers, and on the other hand they may be enormously increased by their hostility. (Cheers.) I trust and believe that one




INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    1.87

of the chief lessons to be learnt from the celebrations is that from one end of this continent to the other will be promulgated such strong faith in the destiny of the Australian people, such true affection and resolution to do what is best for all, as to make this Commonwealth a great success, and that Australians throughout the Continent, in every walk of life, will co-operate with each other to make the land of their home happy and free, and an object lesson to the peoples of the civilised world. (Loud cheers.)

The ATavy, Army, ami Volunteers."

The Hon. Sir John See, Colonial Secretary, in proposing this toast, said : Soldiers, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I have had the good fortune during the last eighteen months to be Minister for Defence in New South Wales. Ever since a Colony was planted in Australia we have had the protection of the Royal Navy of England, and I feel sure that if it were ever necessary the last ship of that great fleet would be used in maintaining the integrity of Australia. (Cheers.) We are now celebrating the inauguration of the federation of these Australian States, and it is a very apt time to propose this toast of “ The Navy, Army, and Volunteers.” When we consider the magnitude of the work which the Royal Navy has to perform in defending the peoples under the British flag, in affording them protection, preserving their rights, and maintaining a high degree of justice to the Empire, it is then that we recognise the'glory of the Navy, and appreciate its great services. Wherever we see the flag of Old England flying we know that protection is near, and that it is an intimation to aggressors that they must keep their hands off, or they will have to reckon with the Navy of England. (Cheers.) In regard to the Army, we know it has done very good work, that it has been to a large extent the pioneer of work in the consolidation of the Empire, and that it has helped to make our great career in the history of the world. Among the many deeds of gallantry which our soldiers have done in the South African war, I need only mention two instances—the defence of Ladysmith and that of Mafeking. (Loud cheers.) The British soldier wherever he goes, and wherever we see him, will lay down his life for the cause of his country, and for the cause of humanity generally. (Cheers.) He does not fight for the purpose of destroying other people, but with the object of securing larger freedom to the peoples of the earth. The Volunteers is a new power which has grown up amongst us within the last few years. Men have volunteered to go to the South African war in the most admirable manner, and their deeds have been written of in the most glowing terms. (Cheers.) They have distinguished themselves side by side with Imperial soldiers in that great conflict, and their heroic pluck and fighting prowess have gained for them the applause of the Empire. (Cheers.) The war in South Africa has done more to consolidate the British race than anything else we know of. (Cheers.) Our cadets at school should be thoroughly trained in the discipline of the soldier in order that when they come to manhood, should necessity arise, the}' also will be able to do service for their country. (Cheers.) The manner in which the Military Forces and the Navy have assisted in making these celebrations a great success deserves the highest commendation. (Cheers.)

The toast was drunk with musical honours.



HIS EXCELLENCY VICE-ADMIRAL PEARSON

Naval Commandtr-in-Chi^f.


Captain Dicken, R.N., in responding for the Navy, said : Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—It has been very pleasing to me to have had an opportunity of being associated with the imposing ceremonies which have just taken place, and of meeting so many gallant representatives of the sister service—men who represent all the fighting traditions of the nation, and many of whom have recently been in active service. (Cheers.) The Navy in Australian waters has ever experienced the most wide and open-hearted courtesy. The r— . residents in each State have vied with each other in giving us a good reception, and in extending to us every kindness. When I look back over my three years’ service in these seas, I find it to be a record of pleasure and goodwill. (Cheers.) I trust that the Navy will at all times ensure peace and prosperity to the people, and an expansion of trade to the Commonwealth of Australia—(cheers)— and that it will be ever associated with the advancement and welfare of the Empire in these southern seas. (Cheers.)    .


Major-General French, Commandant of the New South Wales Forces, responded on behalf of the Australian Forces. He said :


Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I have been identified one way and another with the Colonial Forces for over five years, and I esteem it a great compliment to be able to say a few words concerning them. I have always considered the Colonial Forces as part of the Imperial Army, and I think that their having stood shoulder to shoulder with their British comrades in South Africa gives point to that contention. (Hear, hear.) The South African war is not the only campaign in which the Forces of Australia have helped the mother country; she also sent men in 1885

to the Soudan, and it gave me great pleasure indeed to see marching in that great procession on the 1st January men who had rendered service in the Soudan. (Cheers.) I am sure that my comrades view with great pride the grand march we had through the streets on the 1st January. We all regret that His Excellency the Governor-General is not able to be with us here to-day. I am sure that all Australians were glad to see the Indian troops represented at our festivities. (Cheers.) As descendants of Englishmen,

Irishmen, and Scotchmen, we were proud to see them. We have three hundred millions of subjects in India, and it is upon them the Empire will have to draw should complications arise at any time with Asia. (Cheers.) We have a great Empire, and we all have to take a share in maintaining it. I think our Australian soldiers have amply demonstrated to the civilised world that they are able to hold their own in war. (Hear, hear.) It is, as I have always maintained, to the backblocks of the Australian bush that the Empire may look for reserves for her cavalry and mounted forces in time of war. (Hear, hear.)

Colonel Wyndham, Officer Commanding the visiting Imperial troops, who was received with great cheering, said : Mr. Chairman, Fellow Officers, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—In responding for the Imperial Army, I hope you will kindly excuse me for talking a little shop. Most of us who have dabbled in tactics remember how the great Duke of Wellington won his battles. He introduced the line against the column. As a rule, his troops, very few in number, were drawn up in line on the crest of a hill, and the enemy advanced in heavy columns to the attack, as was the custom in those days. Company after company, and regiment after regiment, brigade after brigade, forming a solid phalanx of men, pass on, hoping for victory with the momentum and weight of their numbers, and that their force would press on the other men in front. Picture to yourself that thin red line on the crest of the hill, the men standing like stone, each with his musket at the shoulder. The columns of the enemy surge up the hill, their advance covered by the fire of their own guns, and the men shouting and encouraging one another, and coming on with dauntless bravery. But there is not a stir from that thin red line of English until the enemy reach within about 50 yards, when there is a slight change. There is a short, sharp, word of command, a flash of light, and crashing volley, and then, with a ringing cheer, the men on the hill dash through the smoke with fixed bayonets and charge down on the enemy. The result was never in doubt, for the enemy were .swept off the field. (Applause.) You will ask me why I am giving you this military history. It is because you yourselves are repeating history. The people of the Australian States have given up the old column formation, and instead of fighting one another, it is now, Advance, Australia, in line; shoulder to shoulder.” (Applause.) By that means you are adopting the soundest form of tactics, and need fear no foe. (Cheers.) One of the great things, in my humble opinion, that helped this union was when His Excellency took the oath, not only as Governor-General, but as Commander-in-Chief, for you have now one military head, and without that you cannot get on. There is, however, something more than that. You must not be satisfied to allow things to go on quietly and steadily. Whenever we want to learn in England we send our officers to study manoeuvres with the German or French armies, and so it must be with your officers. They must go to other countries and learn the latest military ideas—(Hear, hear)—and I hope, gentlemen, that wre shall be allowed to send out Imperial Officers to assist you in the great work you are now beginning, in the formation of the Australian Army. (Applause.) Gentlemen, in the name of the Imperial Representative Corps, may I thank you for the kind way in which we have been received, and I hope, in a humble way, that the birth of the new century—which brings about also the birth of this new Commonwealth—may be associated to some extent with our visit. (Cheers.) And we also hope, gentlemen, that we have enkindled in your hearts the same warm friendship for us—(Hear, hear—as you have certainly kindled in ours. (Great cheering.)


Captain Sir George Dibbs responded on behalf of the Volunteers. He said: Mr. Chairman, Fellow Soldiers, and Gentlemen,—At this hour I do not intend to detain you long. I shall content myself with saying that so far as the Volunteers of these States are concerned, they have done more to bring about the great event we are celebrating to-day than any other body of men amongst us. (Cheers.) If there had been no Volunteers in Australia and New Zealand, we would not have had the Imperial Forces here to-day. We know that when the Commonwealth of Australia Bill was before the Imperial Parliament our Volunteers were in the Transvaal fighting for the British Empire. (Cheers.) I, for one, consider that the passage of the Bill, which makes Australia one to-day, is largely due to the heroism and pluck of our own flesh and blood in going to South Africa to fight for our Queen. (Cheers.)

With the toast of “The Press,” proposed by Mr. J. Carroll, M.P., of New Zealand, and suitably acknowledged, the proceedings closed.

CONTINENTAL AND CYCLING CARNIVAL.

A Continental was held in St. Leonards Park at North Sydney, as indicated in the official programme of events. It was attended by about 12,000 persons, and the vocal and musical selections of the concert were highly appreciated.

The Cycling Carnival was again continued at the Sydney Cricket Ground in the presence of a large number of visitors, while the streets of the city were densely crowded with pedestrians, and a single file of vehicles conveying those who preferred to see the illuminations in comfort.

Sixth Day—Sunday, January 6.

Obviously, the programme for this day consisted merely of a Military Church Parade at io a.m., Special Church Service at 11 a.m., and a United Church Service in Hyde Park at 3 p.m. ; the only other entertainment, not of a religious character, being a Picnic to the visiting and local representatives of the Newspaper Press.

PRESS PICNIC.

This was held on the Hawkesbury River, about 40 miles distant from Sydney. With the hearty co-operation of the Railway Commissioners a special train conveyed 120 representatives of local, country, and Inter-State newspapers, to Long Island, where they embarked on the General Gordon, and were taken up the river, returning to Sydney at nightfall.

CHURCH SERVICES.

Services of thanskgiving and supplication in connection with the inauguration of the Commonwealth, were held at the churches of the various denominations, the services attracted large congregations of distinguished and representative people, including the Governor-General, the local and visiting Lieutenant-Governors and Chief Justices, the Members of the Federal Ministry, Members of Parliament, Military and Naval Officers, Consular bodies, and visitors from other States.

Several thousands of people attended the United Service in Hyde Park at 3 o’clock, which was in every way a complete success.

A massed band performance was given in the afternoon at the Elite Band Stand in Martin Place. It proved a great attraction for thousands of persons, who, for upwards of an hour, completely congested the thoroughfares adjacent to the Post Office while the various items were being carried out. Between four and five hundred bandsmen took part. Prior to their arrival at Martin Place the various bands met at Queen’s Square, and marching in three sections played selections as they passed along Macquarie-street, Bent-street, Young-street, Bridge-street, and York-street, to Martin Place. At the close of the performance the bands paraded in George street, as far as the Railway Gates, where they dispersed.

Seventh Day—Monday, January 7.

Among- the various sources of amusement for this day, as particularised on the official programme, were the New South Wales Defence Force Rifle Association Meeting at Randwick Rifle Range; Military Sports at the Royal Agricultural Grounds; New South Wales v. South Australia, Cricket Match at the Sydney Cricket Ground; a Picnic to Kurnel, and representation of Captain Cook landing; a Municipal and Civil Luncheon at the Town Hall, Sydney; and a Luncheon on board the Grosser Kurfurst.

NATIONAL RIFLE ASSOCIATION MEETING.

The meeting of the National Rifle Association, which was continued from the Saturday preceding, was held under conditions fairly favourable to the sport, and in the presence of a large attendance. An interesting feature of the meeting was a competition open to all members of the Parliaments of the several States constituting the Commonwealth. The trophy, which was donated by Colonel C. F. Roberts, C.M.G., A.D.C., was won by H. R. Williams, M.L.A., Victoria, a large number of members competing.

NAVAL AND MILITARY SPORTS.

At the Agricultural Grounds sports were held by the members of the Navy and Military, as a contribution to the ceremonial inauguration of the Commonwealth. The accomodation reserves were densely packed with spectators, and the capacious sward within the enclosure presented a most picturesque appearance with the many coloured uniforms of the soldiers, and the homely costumes of the men-of-war and members of the local Naval Brigade. Several of the visiting troops from England and India took part in the competitions, the latter giving exhibitions of horsemanship which were highly appreciated. An effort had been made by the Authorities to illustrate as nearly as possible the arts of war, and the character of the work done in the field. Ballooning, signalling, and field telegraphy were indulged in with the greatest success.

PICNIC AT KURNELL.


The Picnic at Kurnell was attended by thousands of persons, in addition to the many hundreds of guests of the Government, who were anxious to witness the function which was to commemorate the first landing of Captain Cook on Australian soil. The idea of reproducing this historic event was originated by Mr. J. R. Dacey, M.L.A. The Railway Commissioners evinced their interest in the representation of a scene so quaint and yet so dramatic by placing at the convenience of the Government’s guests special trams to convey them to Botany, whence they were taken by a number of launches and steamers across the Bay to Kurnell. Among the distinguished visitors to the display were the Hon. Sir William Lvne (Prime Minister of New South Wales); the Right Hon. Sir John Forrest (Prime Minister of West Australia); the Right Hon. R. J. Seddon (Prime Minister of New Zealand); the Hon. J. Carroll (Minister for Native Affairs, New Zealand) ; Mr. Justice Edwards (New Zealand); the Hon. F. A. Mason (Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, Victoria) ; Mr. J. L. Purves, Q.C. (Victoria); The Hon. J. H. Want, Q.C., M.L.C. (New South Wales) ; Mr. J. R. Dacey, M.L A.; and other prominent citizens of the states of the Commonwealth.

Nearly 1,000 persons sat down to luncheon in a pavilion specially erected for the purpose. The Hon. E. W. O’Sullivan, Minister for Works, presided. After partaking of the repast, several toasts were proposed.




The Queen.”

The Chairman, in proposing the loyal toast, said: Ladies and Gentlemen,—To-day we tread upon classic soil, and 1 hope with the same reverence as we would march along the aisles of Westminster Abbey, because here the great navigator, Captain Cook, first landed in Australia, and proclaimed these lands to be a British possession. (Cheers.) It is a great and inspiring event; and yet we have a greater one before us, in the fact that we have just founded a Commonwealth. (Cheers.) 1 only wish time permitted me to call upon certain gentlemen to dwell upon this great theme, but the Committee have decided that there shall be only one toast, and that toast is, “ Her Majesty The Queen.” In my opinion, the founding of a great Commonwealth is the second greatest event that has happened in human history since the declaration of independence by the United States of America. (Cheers.) But great as it is, it is only one of the countless diadems in the crown of the Queen. Her Majesty has for sixty-four years ruled the British possessions, and during that time civilisation has made more progress than it did in any five hundred years preceding it. (Cheers.) Therefore, her reign is one of the most remarkable of any Sovereign in the whole world. (Cheers.) We all know of her virtues and qualities as a Queen, a mother, and a woman. (Cheers.) I ask you to rise and drink to the health of our Queen. (Cheers.)

The toast was drunk with ringing cheers, and the singing of the National Anthem.

The Government of New South Wales.”

The Right Hon. R. J. Seddon (Prime Minister of New Zealand), rose and said: Ladies 'and Gentlemen,—Our Chairman stated that there would be only one toast; but in these days of celebrating the inauguration of the Commonwealth we shall stand no dictation. (Laughter.) 1 am determined that there shall be one more toast, and that is, “ The Government of New South Wales.” (Cheers.) The Government have treated us visitors so kindly and liberally that I feel we should be wanting in our duty did we not drink their health on an occasion like this. (Loud cheers ) Our Chairman spoke of the classic soil whereon we tread. The event of to-day is a proper and fitting way to celebrate the historic past, because Captain Cook in his wildest moments could never have dreamt that there would have been here to-day such youth and beauty to commemorate his landing. Speaking of the colony of New Zealand, Mr. O’Sullivan asked me to be present and to give you the Maori welcome, “ Haere-mai, haere-mai, haere-mai,” which, in our English tongue, means “ Welcome, welcome, welcome.” (Loud cheers.) We have received a princely welcome, and I am satisfied that if the people in the different parts of Australia only knew the people of New South Wales, her statesmen, and their hospitality, they would have had the Commonwealth many years ago. (Mr. J. L. Purves, Q.C., Victoria : “ Are you coming in with us ?”—laughter.) I am asked a pertinent question—are we, New Zealanders, coming into the Commonwealth? (Hear, hear.) Well, you know the coy and bashful maiden requires pressing; and we of New Zealand are of a coy and diffident disposition.

(Laughter.) 1 desire, on behalf of the visitors, to propose success to those who have, under very great difficulties, entertained us right royally, knowing as I do the cares and worries of Ministers and their officials. I can honestly say that every visitor will leave New South Wales fully satisfied that everything possible in the time has been done for him, and we shall retain in our memories to the longest day of our lives pleasing recollections of the very kind treatment we have all received. (Cheers.) The Commonwealth has been commenced with love and felicity, and love will ever conquer. I will undertake to say now that throughout the civilised world people will read with amazement what has taken place in these States during the past few days (Loud cheers.) Those who may have contemplated an invasion of our country and our nation will respect us; and if they do not respect us, I am satisfied that we have in our several communities sufficient power to make them fear us. (Loud cheers.) As I understand there is to be a meeting of the Australian aboriginals and the aboriginals from New Zealand to-day I shall not detain you longer; but before asking you to drink to the toast, I should like my Native Minister of New Zealand to say a few words in support of it. (Cheers).

The Hon. J. Carroll (Minister for Native Affairs, New Zealand), said: Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I am sure you cannot appreciate the peculiarity of the position in which I find myself on this occasion. I am here as an aboriginal visitor—(laughter)—to your shores to take part in your Commonwealth celebrations, and to witness the birth of a nation. (Cheers.) If we allow our imagination for one moment to be carried back to the day when the great navigator, Captain Cook, landed, not far from where we now stand, and when the condition of affairs was entirely native, I am sure you will all recognise with me the great colonising and civilising influences of the British race. (Cheers.) Now that you have a magnificent opportunity presented to you, I trust you will seize it by the forelock and utilise it to the best advantage of human kind. You are on the road to national

greatness ; you have become a nation; and you should consider, in the administration of your affairs, the interests of the aboriginal race of Australia. (Cheers.) I am certain that now you are in the presence of a higher knowledge and a higher being, the aboriginals will only require to have a little patience, when they will receive that attention which, possibly, circumstances have not permitted you to give them in the past. I strongly support the toast proposed by my worthy chief. (Cheers.) I am quite prepared to order my funeral next week, because you have been killing us with kindness, so much so that death at your hands will be in every way acceptable. (Laughter.) I think we ought to associate with the toast the names of the Reception Committee, and I ask you to shout with me the Maori cry, “ Ake ake, kia kaha.”

The toast was honored with great cheering.

The Hon. T. Ilassall (Minister for Lands) responded for the Government of New South Wales. He said: Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,— I have to thank you, on behalf of my colleagues and myself, for the very cordial way in which you drunk the toast of the Government of New South Wales. The present occasion is one unique in our history, and probably in the history of the world, and the Government have done their best to bring representative men from all parts to Australia to take part in this event. (Cheers). In addition to representatives from the great colony of New Zealand, I see before me distinguished visitors from other parts of the group; and as a Minister of New South Wales I am proud to extend to them the hand of friendship. Hear, hear). The Prime Minister of New Zealand was asked whether his colony is going to join our union. I hope and believe she will, and, notwithstanding the coyness of the New Zealand maiden, she is open to temptation—the arms of Australia will soon be around her waist, and she will pout her lips very freely. (Cheers.) The event we are celebrating should live in the memory of those who have witnessed it till the end of their days. It means the establishment of a nation under the Southern Cross, and let us prove that here, as well as in the Old World, the great old British race can take its part in the battle of life as the best nation the world has ever seen. (Cheers.) I must frankly admit that on an occasion like this, while there are always likely to be some slight omissions, we have done our best for the entertainment






of the people, and we have been nobly supported by those gentlemen, who have given their time and energy to the successful carrying out of the celebrations. I am proud to say they have done their work to the satisfaction of the Government, and to the credit of the country. (Loud cheers.) I thank the visitors here to-day for the cordial reception given to the toast, and I say in future to them, “ Hands Across the Sea.” I hope to see a confederacy of the British speaking peoples, and when that is accomplished we can say that the British race is the dominant power from one end of the world to the other. (Loud cheers.)

The Hon. J. H. Want, M.L.C., responded on behalf of the Reception Committee. He said: Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—1 am inclined to think that you have forgotten the fact that Captain Cook is preparing to land—(laughter)—and at the present


moment is only waiting your verdict on the different brands of whisky and champagne. (Laughter.) I believe he has had it communicated to him that our visitors have approved of different brands (laughter), and that he has decided to land, and it now is only a question whether you can persuade our blackfellows to allow him to do so. (Loud laughter.) I am told that some of our wine merchants have been “squaring” the officials in connection with the landing to go down and inform him which brand is the best. (Laughter.) I am satisfied that the longer we remain here the longer it will take Captain Cook to make up his mind whether to land or not. (Laughter.) As Chairman of the Reception Committee I wish to say that the work has been a labour of love to us, and it is pleasing to find that we have given every satisfaction. (Cheers.) You all know that amongst us here to-day are men who opposed the Commonwealth of Australia Bill, and who are better known as Anti-Billites. I have been looked upon as the leader of them. (Laughter.) I have forgiven all those who supported the Bill. (Laughter, and a voice, “ We have forgiven you,” Laughter.) I can only say that the pleasure I have experienced in meeting guests from the other States has been sufficient to satisfy me for all the wrongs I have done before. (Hear, hear.) I believe all my sins will be wiped out and forgiven if I can realise the fact that I have established bonds of friendship between many people. (Cheers.) Come good or ill, from this time forward we will all sail in the same boat.    (Cheers.) We should now all do our best to build up a great

nation, and thus represent a Greater Britain in these Southern seas. (Loud cheers.)


The Right Hon. R. J. Seddon : Before we part, there is one matter which I should like to refer to, as probably this will be the last opportunity I shall have of speaking to an assemblage in Australia. I desire to return thanks to the Australians for the kind and hearty reception they gave to the sons of New Zealand when returning from the war in South Africa. I must more particularly thank the ladies of Australia, because they have caused much envy and jealousy at home by kissing our boys. (Roars of laughter.) I wish to give you our sincere thanks on behalf of New Zealand

The luncheon concluded with the singing of the National Anthem.

REPRESENTATION OF THE LANDING OF CAPTAIN COOK.

Here, in the hour that shines and sounds afar,

Flamed first old England’s banner like a star;

Here, in a time august with prayer and praise,

Was born the nation of these splendid days

Henry Kendall

In order that the representation of the landing of Captain Cook should be carried out with as much realism as possible, the Committee, which had been formed to make the necessary arrangements for the purpose, had anchored in the bay an old hulk representing in size and design, as near as modern architecture would allow, the ship of the great navigator, on which was crudely painted the word “ Endeavour.” This stood about 200 or 300 yards from the shore, and in a northeasterly direction from the place where Captain Cook actually set foot on 28th April, 1770, when he first stood on the shores of Botany Bay.

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.    20r



The historic spot, while presenting a scene of romantic beauty in its rugged wildness, is particularly indicated by a monument which had been erected by the Hon. Thomas Holt, M.L.C., of “The Warren,” near Sydney. The massive pedestal of this obelisk—a cube of about six feet, standing within an enclosure trom twenty to twenty-five feet square, and supporting a graceful four-sided tapering shaft, which reaches to a height of about forty feet,—is ornamented with two brass plates suitably inscribed, the one on the southern face bearing the words :—

Captain Cook landed here 28th April, A.D. 1770,

This Monument was erected A.D. 1870, hy the Hon. Thomas Holt, M.L.C.

Victoria Regina.

The Earl of Be/more, Governor."

and that on the northern side the words

Extract from Cap/. Cook's Journal, Saturday,

18//; April, A.D. 1770:—

“ At daybreak, we discovered a bay, and anchored under the south shore, about two miles within the entrance, in six fathom water; the south point bearing S.E., and the north point east. Latitude, 34” S.; longitude, 208“ 37' W.”

Among the several points of interest marking this “ poor spot of classic ground ” are a brass tablet affixed to a rock, to the memory of the illustrious circumnavigator and Sir Joseph Banks, and placed there on behalf of the Philosophical Society of Australasia, by Sir Thomas Brisbane, the sixth Captain-General and Governor-inChief of New South Wales; a pine tree, planted in the year 1881 by the Duke of York; and the grave of Forby Sutherland, one of the seamen of the “ Endeavour,” the first white man known to be buried in Australia. It was owing to the incident of this interment that Captain Cook called the place Sutherland Point.

—“ for the sound of Christian burial, better did proclaim Possession, than the flag of England’s name.”

Adjacent to the obelisk are relics in the shape of Kurnell House and the “small stream,” which continues to flow, where the navigator’s crew filled the water-casks of the “ Endeavour.”

These conspicuous landmarks of an eventful period in Australian history recalled

to the mind of the patriotic observer the eloquent words of the poet Cowper :—

When Cook—lamented, and with tears as just As ever mingled with heroic dust—

Steered Britain’s oak into a world unknown,

And in his country’s glory sought his own,

Wherever he found man to nature true,

The rights of man were sacred in his view;

He soothed with gifts and greeted with a smile The simple native of the new-found isle;

He spurned the wretch that slighted or withstood The tender argument of kindred blood,

Nor would endure that any should control His freeborn brethren of the southern pole.

On the rising- ground, about ioo yards distant from where Captain Cook first trod Australian soil, a platform had been erected under the grateful shades of huge trees, and among the bracken and tufty grasses which are so congenial to Australian shores. Here a dialogue was to be spoken which had been prepared by the Rev. W. H. H. Yarrington, M.A., LL.B., and founded upon facts collected by Mr. Frank M. Bladen, F.R.G.S., F.R.H.S, F.R.S.L., and Editor of the Historical Records of the State.

For the successful presentation of the scene, a number of aboriginals had been brought down from Queensland in charge of Mr. Archibald Meston and his son, Mr. Harold Meston. The aboriginals were decorated in their tribal warpaint, which set off their stalwart frames and well developed muscles, and gave to the display a semblance of savagery.

The blacks, who had evidently been well trained to take up certain positions and to personify the barbarity of their habits, with spears uplifted and defiance glistening in their eyes, were scattered in bunches about the sloping eminences at the water’s edge, while others seemed to be sporting themselves by spearing fish among the jutting rocks that were almost covered with the tide.

At 3 o’clock sharp two boats were seen to put off from the “Endeavour” towards the shore. The first was supposed to contain Captain Cook, Sir Joseph Banks, and Dr. Solander (botanists), and Tupia, the native of Otaheite, with a party of marines. Immediately the blacks perceived the approach of Captain Cook and his crew, they ran up the hill and disappeared for a moment in a clump of bushes. Suddenly they returned, accompanied by a number of their tribe, well armed with womerah spears. Rushing down the hill towards the approaching boat, and uttering loud yells of defiance, they took up a stand at about the spot where the four men had been spearing fish, and assumed a warlike attitude by throwing spears high in the air. As the boat drew near, Tupia, who stood in the bow, made friendly signs to the aboriginals, by offering them beads and coloured ribbons. They, however, became more menacing, and on Captain Cook observing that the entreaties of his



:o4    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

native were of no avail, he ordered a marine to discharge a musket in the air. This did not seem to give the blacks any cause for alarm, and, finding it necessary to be more severe, Cook, in order to effect a landing, directed the marine to aim at the legs of the foremost native. One aboriginal was wounded, and retreated, when immediately the whole of the blacks, with the wounded man, rushed up the hill and again disappeared in the bush.




A few minutes later the impersonators of Captain Cook and his party landed and walked up the slope to the platform, where they were warmly received by the great concourse of persons who witnessed the display.




The blacks who had represented the aboriginals in their savage state now returned to the scene and took up a position on the platform behind the great navigator and his crew.










INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

'1 he following dialogue was then spoken :—




COOK (loquitur) ;

Comrades, who like those voyagers of old That with Columbus crossed the mighty main, To find an unknown World—yet not, as they, Despairing,—since your hearts were full of faith And hope ! You who, with me, have traversed seas

As vast and perilous round half the world And to this distant shore, so far from home,

At length have come ! Comrades, I bid you hail

Upon this glorious day, whose history,

A priceless treasure, shall from age to age Within the hearts of all men be enshrined:

By Nations yet unborn this splendid hour, With its events historic, yea, this spot Which now we tread, shall e’er remembered be ;—

Cherished as sacred in the annals bright Of that New World which we this day have found :

Here on these rocks beside the shining bay, Which spreads its ample bosom to the skv ;— Here on this rising sward beside the rill,

Whose limpid waters now have quenched our thirst,

Or where these native dwellings lowly stand,

A myriad feet through all the centuries Shall eager tread, and men shall fondly tell The story of this day when first our feet Did press the shore and we beheld this scene !

Within this Land shall prosperous nations dwell,

And Cities rise to splendid power and wealth, With dome and tower, with palaces, and streets Of myriad homes, while in fair havens bright The countless fleets, as white-winged messengers Of peace, repose ; and in the wide domain Of its interior vast, what wealth may yet In far off years be found ! Rich fields of gold O’er yonder mountain chain of distant blue May hidden lie, while silver, precious gems, And boundless wealth of mine by Nature stored For man’s advantage, may in future days Be found to aid him in his onward march !

And when the rising States to lofty power Each in some distant portion of this Land Have once attained, who may not dream that they

Shall in one glorious Commonwealth unite To form a mighty Nation in the world; —

An Island Empire like that Island Home Whence with our Viking blood we first have come:

A splendid Commonwealth bound round with love.

And golden chains unto the lofty Throne Which she perchance may aid in peril’s hour E’en with her children’s blood—the worthy sons Of Britain’s heroes ! May such scions brave Forever hold this glorious Land their own ;— Comrades, I hail you on this day of days !

BANKS (loquitur):

This day in truth is one of omen pure And bright;—the harbinger of happier days For all the World ! This day from troubled seas • Our keel has found a haven full of rest :

So peace comes after strife, and, lo, a Land Of Promise welcomes us to rest within The fair white bosom of its shining strand : Science forever seeks to spread her reign O’er wider kingdoms: Knowledge seeks expanse. And we but earnest searchers after Truth,

Sent forth to herald Learning’s swift advance. Rejoice this day as Britain broadens out Her confines over this vast Continent,

And sways her sceptre o’er New Holland’s V shore:

So, too, unbounded realms this glorious day Are added to the Kingdom bright of Truth And Science joyful sees her ample stores Of knowledge garnered from these unknown fields :

Our soul o’erflows with joy as we behold The lovely blooms which gem the woodlands fair,

Unknown, unseen before by any eye That kens the wonder of Botanic lore.

These trees are new, these orchids, ferns and flowers.





With strange mysterious petals, all unknown : They are but emblems of a myriad truths Which yet shall yield their treasures to man’s gaze !

COOK (loquitur) :

What say you, Comrade good ;—that these fresh fields

Shall prove a habitation tit for man ?

SIR JOSEPH BANKS, F.L.S. BANKS (loquitur) :

I know it from these flowers which wondrous grow

From fertile soil whose vegetation, rife %

With beauty, clothes the undulating hills:

Along these shores shall gardens rich appear;— These marshy lands a golden harvest bear,

COOK (loquitur):

Thanks for these pleasant w'ords of hopeful cheer.

Be all thy forecast true; and yet methinks

One tribute more this day we rightly yield

To bright-eyed Science: She has led the way

To these resplendent lands and unknown seas.

BANKS (loquitur):

Thou say’st truly,—she has been onr guide;

As the Wise Men of old from F.astern Lands

Were by the guidance of a Star led on

To Bethlehem and sought the Truth of Truths;

So by the loveliest star in all the sky—

Fair Venus, crossing o’er the great Sun’s disc—

Were we directed to these distant seas

In search of truth, which Science holds so dear,

And here beheld the glittering Southern Cross

Which ever watches o’er this sleeping Isle ! *

COOK (loquitur) :

You, too, Solander, Scientist and Friend,

Say what thou thinkest of this Sunny Land.

SOLANDER (loquitur):

As on her happy path fair rosebuds bless The sweet Bride’s earliest steps; so flowers bestrew

This earliest pathway of the “ fair young Queen,”

* The expedition of which Lieutenant Cook was commander was specially sent out to observe the transit of Venus, which took place on the 3rd June, 1769, and wTas observed at Tahiti in a most satisfactory manner.




And birds of brightest plumage glance and sing Their songs of gladness mid the foliage green ;— Auspicious omens of a future joy!

Our hearts were filled with pity at the sight Of those poor, dusk)' savages who sought But now so bravely to defend their Land ’Gainst our invading steps. YVe thought no harm,

But rather would protect their little ones Now cowering in those tents behind their shields.

As shadows flee before the dawn of day, So the dark tribes of Earth in terror flee Before the white man's ever onward tread;

And all the night of ignorance and sin Doth vanish as the light of Truth’s fair day Dawns in the East and spreads o’er all the Earth!

COOK (loquitur):

In Britain’s name, and in the Royal name Of George our King, I claim this glorious land.

(Standard hoisted, unit volley fired on shore and returned by ship.J

Now is this Island Continent our own, Which kindly Providence ordained for us ; Repelling from its shores each venturing keel Save ours, as yonder headlands spurn The billows breaking at their mighty feet.

Hail then, to Britain’s Empire and her flag, That now first waves above this Southern Land: Hail with loud cheers that Standard now unfurled—

Emblem of Right—victorious o’er the World: This Land is England's! God preserve it so!

AUSTRALIA nmo appears as a Beautiful Maiden (loquitur) :

Here as a vision bright I come to you, After a hundred summer suns have fled,

To tell you that your dreams have been fulfilled ;—

Your hopes of future greatness realised !

The mighty Continent has been explored; Nations have sprung to life, and myriad homes Have spread throughout this happy Austral Land; Cities have risen into pomp and power;

The golden mines have poured their treasure forth ; And veins of silver thread the mountain’s side; The Earth from her vast Cornucopia Yields ample store, while Commerce with her fleets—

Rich laden argosies of wealth untold—-Decks the bright harbours with her welcome sails:

Now o’er our Empire reigns a gracious Queen—

Victoria—whom we love with loyal hearts.

Yea, and the youthful Nations of our Land Have bound themselves in Federation grand Beneath our Queen,—a mighty Commonwealth, Ruled o’er by one who’s presence now we greet!

Australia, thus United, is a Power,

Whose glory shall increase from hour to hour ; Whose strength is Truth, and Love her richest dower!    ■    -    -

At the close of the dialogue, which was enthusiastically appreciated, several speeches were made.

The Right Hon. R. J. Seddon (Prime Minister of New Zealand) proposed a vote of thanks to Mr. J. R. Dacey, M.L.A.

Sir William I.yne (Prime Minister of New South Wales), in supporting the proposal, begged to be excused for his late arrival with his colleague, the Right Hon. Sir John Forrest, as they had been delayed by other engagements. He was glad, however, to have arrived in time to witness the chief event of the day. As Prime Minister of the State in which Captain Cook first landed, he felt it his duty to acknowledge the kindness of the Queensland Government in allowing a number of their aboriginals to come to Sydney in order to give a touch of realism to the scene. (Loud cheers.) He also wished to thank Mr. Meston and his son for assisting to carry out the display. (Cheers.) l he performance that day took their minds back to a period in the history of New South Wales,—the most important period, perhaps, in the history of Australia—and brought home to them a more vivid realisation of the landing of Cook than all the works of historians could do. (Cheers.) The representation was a creditable one, and they should feel grateful to Mr. Dacey for having originated the proposal to commemorate the landing and the name of the great explorer. (Cheers.) He was glad to have with them that day the Prime Minister of New Zealand, whom they had all known as the King of that country, but had not had the pleasure of seeing until a few days ago,—(cheers)—and he would take this opportunity of publicly welcoming him to the shores of New South Wales. (Loud cheers.) He could not overlook the energies of the Committee, who had laboured hard for their enjoyment. (Cheers.) When it was first mentioned to him, he felt some hesitation in taking up the project; but when he found eminent citizens so ardently desirous of carrying the idea into effect, as Prime Minister he thought it his duty to assist them. (Cheers.) He congratulated them on their great success, and hoped that the day’s entertainment would live in their memories, not only as commemorative of the landing of the great navigator, but also as commemorative of the inauguration of the Commonwealth. He would ask Sir John Forrest, who was considered the Czar of the West, to say a few words to them. (Loud cheers.)

The Right Hon. Sir John Forrest (Prime Minister of Western Australia was received with great cheering. He said it was all very well for the Prime Minister of the State, on his native heath, to call upon him to speak. (Laughter. ; He desired to congratulate the Committee on their magnificent display. One thing that the Inaugural Celebrations brought to his mind was the great change which had come over this continent since Captain Cook landed. (Cheers.) It was well, when they were inclined to find fault and make unfavourable comparisons, that they should think sometimes of changes, and remember at times how things used to be, not alone in regard to our country, but also the race to which we belong. Rudyard Kipling’s expression “ Lest we forget” was as applicable to an individual as to a country and a nation. (Cheers.) The spectacle which they had witnessed that day was

m


INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.


m


probably in the lifetime of many he saw before him quite unique. Although they had lived in Australia, which was their home, where the blacks were known to exist, still they had never seen the aborigine in his native state. There were tens of thousands of blacks still in Australia. He had traversed the continent of Australia, and, therefore, he could speak of blacks from experience; and although he had not made a very close inspection of the men from Queensland, he could, however, say that they were a very fine specimen of their race. (Cheers.) They might not think, to look at him, that he had travelled much, but he could assure them that the blacks that day, with their warpaint, had much more clothes on than they had in their original state in the interior. It could not be said that the Englishspeaking race had been idle since the discovery of these lands. (Cheers.) They had something to show for their occupancy for over :oo years, and the best wish he could express for Australia was that during the next hundred years the efforts of her people would be as fruitful and bountiful in good works and excellent results, and in the improvement of the conditions of the people, as the century that had gone by had been. (Loud cheering.

A vote of thanks was accorded Mr. Dacey by those present giving three hearty cheers.

The Hon. E. W. O’Sullivan wished, on behalf of the Committee, to thank the Rev. Mr. Yarrington, and Mr. F. M. Bladen, for the composition of the dialogue to which they had listened with so much delight that afternoon.

As a fitting close to this impressive scene, the whole of the spectators and actors joined in singing a Commonwealth hymn to the tune of the “ Old Hundredth,” after which the National Anthem was sung with musical accompaniment.

m


An exhibition by the Queensland blacks then followed, in the shape of boomerang and spear throwing and other feats peculiar to the habits of their race, which were greatly applauded by the onlookers.

INTER-STATE CRICKET MATCH.

The cricket match between New South Wales and South Australia was continued on the Sydney Cricket Ground at noon, and was attended by about

30,000 persons, the weather being unpleasantly warm during the greater part ot the day.

-<11'*



m



MUNICIPAL AND CIVIL LUNCHEON.

At the Sydney Town Hall, the Government had provided a Municipal and Civil Luncheon About 600 gentlemen responded to the invitation of the Government. The guests included the Mayors and d own Clerks ot the various Municipalities of the State of New South Wales, and the Mayors, Aldermen, Councillors, Town Clerks, Shire Presidents, and Secretaries of the Municipalities of the other States in the Commonwealth. There were also present prominent members of the Public Service of the various States, Officers and Professors of State Universities, Members of both Houses of Parliament, and other distinguished visitors. The chief position was occupied by the Hon. John See, Colonial Secretary of New South Wales, while on his right sat the Right Hon. Edmund Barton, Q.C., Prime Minister of the Commonwealth; the Hon. Sir John Downer, M.L.A. (South Australia); Mr. J. Nicol Robinson (Mayor of Brisbane); the Hon. A. J. Gould,

M.L.C. (New South Wales); His Lordship Bishop Weber (Brisbane) ; the Hon. J. L. Fegan (Minister for Mines, New South Wales); and the Hon. Sir George Shenton (President of Legislative Council, Western Australia). To the left of the Chairman sat Dr. Graham, M.L.A. (Mayor of Sydney); the Hon. J. Perrv (Minister for Education, New South Wales); Lieutenant-Colonel J. G. Davies (Mayor of Hobart); Alderman John Wheeler (President of the New South Wales Municipal Association); and Aldermen of the City of Sydney.

Apologies were read by the Chairman for the absence of Sir Robert Stout (Chief Justice of New Zealand), the Hon. N. Lewis (Prime Minister of Tasmania), His Excellency Sir Samuel Griffith (Lieutenant-Governor and Chief Justice of Queensland), and others.

During luncheon, the Highland Light Infantry Hand, conducted by Mr. R. G. Evans, played several excellent musical selections.

The Queen.”

The loyal toast “ The Queen ” was enthusiastically honored.

.    “ The Governor-General.”

The Chairman, in proposing the toast of “ The Governor-General,” said it was not necessary for him to point out that had it not been for the weak state of His Excellency’s health, he would have been with them that day. (Cheers.) The Australian Commonwealth had been most fortunate in the appointment of Lord Hopetoun as its first Governor-General. (Cheers.) He felt sure that His Excellency would conduct his high office to the best advantage of the people of the different States. (Loud cheers.)

The toast was duly honored.

The Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales.”

The Chairman then proposed the health of “ The Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales.” He was satisfied that this toast would receive the heartiest reception by that great gathering. (Applause.) Sir Frederick Darley had been a prominent citizen amongst them for a considerable number of years, and had held positions of the most honorable distinction. (Cheers.) His Excellency had several times represented Her Majesty at different functions, which was an honor that did not fall to the lot of many men. (Cheers.) He regretted his absence from the luncheon that day.

The toast was received with much enthusiasm.

The Nero South Wales Ministry.”

The Right Hon. Edmund Barton, Prime Minister of Australia, who was received with ringing cheers, said that he had very great pleasure in proposing the toast of “ The Ministry of the State of New South Wales.” Irrespective of the composition of the Ministry, it was, if not essential, at least very much to be prayed for, that there should be entire accord and harmony between the Government of the Commonwealth and the Government of each State. (Hear, hear.) The Government of the Commonwealth was hopeful of having cordial relations with the Government of New South Wales. He might add something of a personal nature, and that was, that the Ministry of New South Wales contained as its Prime

Minister the Home Secretary of the Federal Administration. (Cheers.) He should be delighted if, looking into the future, he could see the probability of a Prime Minister being always able to secure a Ministry so strong as that which had been formed to conduct the first Commonwealth Administration. (Hear, hear.) It was his happy lot to have the support—and with that he should, no doubt, have at many times also the guidance—of some of the ablest and strongest politicians of Australia. Of that he was proud, and did not forget that those able and experienced statesmen included among them the Prime Minister of New South Wales. (Cheers.) There had been some rather heated criticisms on what was called the dual position of Sir William Lyne. He did not wish to speak at any length on the matter, more than to say that in the transition from the old state of division to the new state of Federation, it was inevitable that if a Commonwealth Government was to benefit by the services of the several State Premiers, the people should be prepared to give those Premiers sufficient time to wind up pressing affairs before finally relinquishing office in their several States. (Applause.) The result of the argument against the inclusion of the Premiers in the Federal Ministry, if it were pushed to its logical conclusion, would really be that in the formation of the first Federal Administration, the assistance of the Premiers would be debarred. The Federal Ministry would thereby be rendered weaker^ and that was a result which every Australian subject would deplore. He had said enough to show that Australians, if they wanted a strong Government, must be a little patient with those who had charge of State Governments, in order that the several details of administration might be disposed of by those familiar with them. The time occupied would not be excessive, nor would emoluments be derived from two sources, so that there would be very little to complain of. As to New South Wales, it had been doing its work very well, but he did not intend to pursue the subject further, for the reason that the example had been set by the Chairman that short speeches were to be the rule. He would ask them to drink the health of The Ministry of New South Wales. (Loud cheers.)

The toast was drunk with the greatest enthusiasm.

The Hon. J. Perry (Minister of Education) responded. He said he hardly thought that the Government of New South Wales were quite entitled to the high praise which had been bestowed upon them. Any mistakes that may have been made by the Government in carrying out the inaugural celebrations of the Commonwealth could be easily overlooked by reasonable men. The Government had done their best to give every satisfaction. The Government, however, had sought to make the celebrations as representative as possible. (Cheers.) They had invited representatives from all parts of the Empire to take part in the rejoicings, and the responses were very satisfactory indeed. They had endeavoured to treat their guests well. (Cheers.) He had to thank the visitors for co-operating with the Government and the people of our own State in making the ceremonies so successful. (Cheers.) He was thankful that the Commonwealth had left to the State Parliaments a great deal of work to do, and he had no doubt but that the work would be faithfully performed, not only by the present, but by succeeding State Ministries.


DK. JAMES GRAHAM, M.I..A.,

Mayor “f Sydney.



Municipal Institutions."

The Hon. A. J. Gould, M.L.C., proposed “ Municipal Institutions.” He thought that municipal institutions throughout Australia had formed no unimportant factor in the realisation of the ideal of complete self-government, and in the prosperity of the country. [Hear, hear.) He hoped to see enacted at no distant date a local government measure which would give to municipalities enlarged powers and extended scope, accompanied by a more generous recognition on the part of Governments of the pecuniary wants of our municipal bodies. (Cheers.)

The toast was duly honored.

Dr. Graham, M.L.A. (Mayor of Sydney) responded. He said he found himself much in the same frame of mind as was Mark Twain on a somewhat similar occasion, and that was that when he rose to speak he always felt sad, and by the time he got half through, his friends felt still sadder. Laughter.) He thought the Government, in elaborating its programme of entertainment, had done a very gracious and proper thing to recognise the great and important work which the municipal bodies had accomplished, and were still accomplishing, for the whole of Australia. (Cheers.) There was not the slightest doubt but that the most vital interests of the people were bound up with municipal institutions, and it was only a fair thing to say that even in regard to the cause of Federation the municipal organisations of Australia exerted a distinct and powerful influence. (Cheers.) There were many things which the great corporation of Sydney would like to do. It would very much like, for instance, to pull down half of the city and rebuild it in such a way that it might be what nature intended it to be—the most beautiful and healthy city in the world. (Loud cheers.) They were all proud to see that a beginning in that direction had already been made. He alluded to the splendid work of the present Government in resuming, with the intention of rebuilding, a large slice of old Sydney. (Cheers.) But with all its faults, they who lived in this city were proud, and justly proud, of it. Especially were they proud of it during the functions incidental to the great ceremonial of the week just past. There were certain features of Sydney which they could point to with pride. Many of Sydney’s greatest public buildings had an architectural beauty which indicated a certain degree of intelligence and education on the part of the inhabitants, and Sydney’s public schools, asylums, and water and sewerage services were all things which, considering the comparative youth of the city, must be regarded among the wonders of the age. (Cheers.) Many corporations of the old country had the right to invite distinguished men to become their citizens and part and parcel of them. In Sydney the corporations had no such privilege; but he thought that their distinguished visitors from over the seas and the neighbouring States who witnessed the great display here on Tuesday last, and saw the splendid bearing of our people, would take it as an honor bestowed on them by the citizens of Sydney, which he was sure they would appreciate to their dying day. He had much pleasure in responding to the toast, and tendering them his thanks for honoring municipal institutions. (Cheers.)

Lieut.-Colonel J. G. Davies, M.H.A. (Mayor of Hobart) also responded. He desired, on behalf of the representatives of Hobart visiting Sydney during the last few days, to return sincere thanks for the many acts of kindness and hospitality which they had received at the hands of the New South Wales Government. (Cheers.) He would like to congratulate the Mayor of Sydney on the excellent manner in which the citizens had conducted themselves on the great occasion of Tuesday last.


(Cheers.) So far as Tasmania was concerned, they had to regret no omission on the part of the Government. Coming from a small State, he was simply astounded at the magnitude of the spectacle and the completeness of the arrangements, and when he returned to Hobart he would take an early opportunity to give expression to that high opinion.

(Cheers.) The States having been federated politically, it now remained to accomplish the federation of the capitals municipally. It was necessary that


they should take united action to protect their cities from epidemic disease and other troubles, and he had invited the co-operation of the various Mayors in a scheme which he had framed to that end. (Cheers.) He had pleasure in replying to the toast.

Mr. Nicol Robinson (Mayor of Brisbane) also returned thanks. He said the city he represented took example whenever it could from what was done in Sydney and Melbourne in municipal matters. Referring to what had been said by the representative of the Government, the Minister for Education, as to omissions which might have been made by them in arranging for the celebrations, he would like to mention that, so far as the people of Brisbane were concerned, there were no omissions which could possibly have been avoided. The arrangements, in his opinion, were admirable and in every way a credit to Sydney. (Cheers.) As the London Standard said, the spectacle presented seemed like what might have been described in a page of the “ Arabian Nights

Entertainments.” (Hear, hear.] He wished to thank the city of Sydney, and the State of New South Wales, for the kindly courtesy and many attentions which had been accorded to the city of Brisbane. (Hear, hear.)

Sir Arthur Snowden (ex-Mayor and Councillor of the city of Melbourne) said, although he had been called upon last, he took it that the city of Melbourne was not least where


municipalities were concerned. (Cheers.) He was pleased, in the absence of the Mayor, who he believed had returned to Melbourne, to offer thanks as one of the representatives of that city for the very kind manner in which all classes of Victorians had been treated at the Commonwealth demonstrations. (Hear, hear.) The entertainments which had been given to the visitors, he might say, had been profuse and more than adequate. From some civic experience, he could well understand what it was to have to undertake the very onerous duty of entertaining which had been undertaken by the Government of New South Wales, and he could attest, although the task had been stupendous, it had been thoroughly well performed. (Hear, hear.) All the visitors from Victoria, he was sure, had learned a very great lesson. On behalf of the citizens of Melbourne, he thanked the company for the manner in which the toast was honored, and for permitting him to say a few words in response to it. (Cheers.)

The Civil Service.”

Alderman John Wheeler (Vice-President of the Municipal Association) proposed this toast. He said that the civil servants of the State were a loyal body—so much so that many of its members won for themselves great honors. Some of them proved the value of their training by afterwards occupying with distinction high positions in the public life of New South Wales, a notable instance being that of the Right Hon. G. H. Reid. (Cheers.) Civil servants generally were a well-behaved, upright, and intelligent body, and were universally respected by those among whom they lived. (Cheers.) He would ask the company to drink to the Civil Service of the State. (Cheers.)

The toast was received with cheers.


INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.


2 17


Mr. D. C. McLachlan (Under-Secretary for Mines and Agriculture) responded. He said the civil servants as a body would greatly appreciate their inclusion in the toast list of that day. Notwithstanding criticism, often indiscriminate, and still more often unjust, the civil servants of the country faithfully and unostentatiously endeavoured to discharge their important duties, and the country was not always duly appreciative of the work done by the unseen hand of the civil servant. (Cheers.) In the quietude of the Government offices many reforms had been initiated. Apart from all other considerations, one thing he could say, and it was,—that New South Wales could feel proud in possessing a Civil Service which was at any rate upright and pure. (Cheers.) He hoped that the newborn Commonwealth would also have in its service a body of officials similarly upright and free from corruption, for without a pure Civil Service no Government could hope either to endure long or to achieve much. (Loud cheers.) He thanked them for the enthusiastic manner in which they had accepted the toast. (Cheers.)





The Chairman.”

In proposing the health of “ The Chairman,” the Right Hon. Edmund Barton, Prime Minister of Australia, said it was always a pleasure to propose such a toast at a happy and successful gathering, especially in the case of the present Chairman, who happened to be an old friend, and because he had expectation of him filling a much higher position in the service of the State. (Cheers.) He wished him success in his political career, and thought that the people of New South Wales would have no reason to regret his advancement. (Cheers.)

The toast was drunk with musical honours.

The Hon. John See said he was grateful to his right honourable friend, Mr. Barton, for the kind expressions he had used, and to the company for the way in which the toast had been received. lie regretted that time did not permit a greater number of speakers to be called upon to express their views on municipal affairs. In connection with the festivities, he had been gratified at the great success of the military and police arrangements, and the housing of the British and Indian troops, the work of which had fallen to his lot as Minister for Defence. (Cheers.) He felt proud of the whole proceeding. Moreover, he thought that all the proceedings of a public character had been eminently satisfactory (Loud cheers.) The extreme orderliness of the people had been worthy of the highest commendation. There was no city in the world where 500,000 persons collected in the streets would have conducted themselves better than had the people of New South Wales. (Cheers.) The whole people of the State had tried to do honor to this great occasion. He thought the federation of the States would be a great success. Under the guidance of Mr. Barton and his colleagues, they need have no fear of the future, because our success as divided colonies had been great ; but how much greater would that success be when all were united ? (Cheers.)

The proceedings closed with three cheers for the Queen.









2,8    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.


.. THE GROSSER KURFURST.



For the accommodation of some hundred of their guests, the Government had secured the elegant quarters on the magnificent mail steamer “ Grosser Kurfurst,” of the Nordeutscher-Lloyd Company. The visitors who had received this mark of honour took advantage of the opportunity to invite the Premier, members of


the Government, and visiting Premiers, to a luncheon on board the mammoth liner. There was a large attendance, including the Hon. Sir William Lyne (Prime Minister of New South Wales) and other members of the Government, the Right Hon. Sir John Forrest (Prime Minister of Western Australia), the Hon. R. Philp (Prime Minister of Queensland), the Hon.

L.    O’Loughlin and Mr. P. M. Glynn (South Australia), the Hon. E. T. Mul-cahy (Minister for Lands and Works, Tasmania), and the Hon. C. H. Grant,

M. L.C. (Tasmania), Mr. S. D. Dalrymple (Queensland), and other distinguished visitors. The Hon. R. Philp occupied the chief position at the luncheon tables.

The Ministry of New South Woles.’’


After partaking of a capital luncheon, the Chairman asked those present to drink to the toast of “ The Ministry of New South Wales,” coupled with the name of Sir William Lyne. He recognised, as indeed they all must do, the lavish hospitality of the Government of New South Wales in connection with these celebrations, and the Premier personally must have done a great deal of work. (Cheers.) They all recognised that he had done all that he could for the comfort and pleasure of his guests, while the Nordeutscher Lloyd Company had also done its very best to make them comfortable. (Cheers.) The open-handed policy with which they had been received was so great that it could not be forgotten. It was also an object lesson to all in the way of entertainment. (Cheers.)

The Right Hon. Sir John Forrest (Prime Minister of Western Australia), in supporting the toast, said that they were deeply obliged to the Government of New South Wales, and also to the Nordeutscher Lloyd Company, for their generosity. All would agree that Sir William Lyne had proved himself a man equal to the occasion. It was a great occasion, and no one would be able to say that the Prime Minister of New South Wales was not able to thoroughly grasp its significance. (Hear, hear.) All of them, he felt sure, would go back to their own States with the feeling that their minds had been widened by the celebrations in this State of the Commonwealth, and if ever occasion should arise when they in their States could show hospitality, they would feel it incumbent upon themselves to do it in a better way than had been hitherto done. (Cheers.) The action of the Government of New South Wales would be an example to them. (Hear, hear.) The Nordeutscher Lloyd Company had also won for itself golden opinions for its hospitality on this occasion, and he for one felt under a debt of gratitude to it, because it had been the first to make Fremantle a port of call for its steamers. Its example had been followed by the other mail companies, and altogether it had shown itself an enterprising company and a worthy competitor for a share of the trade of the States of Australia. (Cheers.)

The Hon. L. O’Loughlin (South Australia) also supported the toast. He said the States were now welded into one people, politically, and they must all admit that the Government of New South Wales, in celebrating the advent of the Commonwealth, had nobly done its part. (Cheers.) Great credit was due to Sir William Lyne and to his Ministry for the welcome which had been extended to the visitors from the other States of the Union.

Mr. O’Connell (South Australia), the Hon. E. Mulcahy (Minister for Lands and Works, Tasmania), and the Hon. C. H. Grant (Tasmania), also supported the toast, which was drunk with cheers.

The Hon. Sir William Lyne, in responding, said he would not make a long speech, as both Sir John Forrest and himself had other engagements, which had been postponed to enable them to be present at this luncheon. He felt it in some measure his duty to attend that day and express his obligations to the Nordeutscher Lloyd Company for its hospitality, and also to the officers of the Company. He was glad to hear the opinions expressed with regard to the celebrations during the past week. The occasion had been a great one; it had been one that none present was likely to see again. The colonies which had been separated by political boundaries had come together; there had been a handshake of union across the whole of the borders, and it pleased him very much to hear that our visitors considered that we had risen to the occasion. (Cheers.) He should have regretted it very much had any of them been disappointed. The number of guests had been very large, and the officials had had a great deal of difficulty in catering for all. If any guests were disappointed, he could offer them his apology. He was delighted with the manner in which the public of Sydney had behaved themselves during the celebrations. (Hear, hear.) It was deeply gratifying to see the orderliness of the people,—(hear, hear)—particularly in


220


COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.


connection with the procession and the review at Centennial Park. (Cheers.) He had scarcely seen an individual inebriated, and there were no disturbances. Such a state of things spoke well for the people of New South Wales and those who had been present at the celebrations. When he promised, on behalf of the Government, that the occasion should be marked as never before had an occasion been marked, a difficulty presented itself as to how they were to house those who would attend. In the most liberal manner, the Nor-deutscher Lloyd Company came forward and proffered the use of their beautiful ship; they


placed it at the command of the Government so as in some way to lessen the congestion that was likely to be felt. (Cheers.) He offered to pay for the use of the ship, but Messrs. Weber, Lohmann, and Company appeared to him to be rather hurt at the offer being made. He would have been willing to pay anything in reason to get such a palace for the housing of their guests,—(cheers)—and for this open-handed hospitality he could not too strongly express his thanks. (Cheers.) The assistance thus given had been highly valued, and it


INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

was one of those things, given in the manner in which it was, that would never be forgotten. (Loud cheers.) I here was no doubt but that the time would come when passengers for the old world would be able to travel across the continent to Perth by rail and join their vessels there, and when that time arrived the eastern States would, no doubt, be brought nearer the old land. This company would he hoped secure a good portion of the trade* Loud cheers.) He thanked the company for the hearty way in which they had received the toast of his Ministry. (Cheers.)

ilSuccess to the Nordeutcher Lloyd Company.”

The Hon. W. A. Trenwith, M.P. (Minister for Railways, Victoria), proposed success to the Nordeutcher Lloyd Company. He said the guests had all been made very comfortable on board their fine ship, and their hospitality would not be forgotten. (Cheers.)

Mr. P. M. Glynn (South Australia), and Mr. D. H. Dalrymple (Queensland), supported the toast, w’hich was drunk with enthusiasm.

I


Mr. A. Lohtnann, of the firm of Weber, Lohmann, & Co., agents for the Nordeutscher Lloyd Company, wras the first to respond. He said that when he cabled to his directors, asking that the ship might be detained, they instantly replied that not only was the ship to be detained, but that it should be placed at the disposal of the Government. (Cheers.) They were only too pleased to be of assistance on such a memorable occasion. At the same time, he would like to express his thanks to the guests who had honored them for having met the desires of the company in every way. (Cheers.)

Mr. A. Weber also responded. He said he felt proud of the officers and ship’s company for the manner in which they had carried out their work. Everyone on board had done his best to make the guests comfortable. (Cheers.) He was gratified that the company had had an opportunity to contribute in some way to the comfort of the visitors, and to give them a very pleasant time.

The Captain and Officers of the vessel.”

Sir John Quick (Victoria) proposed the health of “ The Captain and Officers of the vessel.” He desired personally to thank the w’hole of them for their uniform kindness and courtesy. He also referred to the amicable relations existing between the Germanic Federation and the British Empire.

The toast was duly honoured.

i


Captain Reimkasten, commander of the vessel, acknowledged the toast. He had on board a fine company of guests—he would never desire to have a better company ; and he thanked them very much for drinking the health of his officers and himself. (Hear, hear.)    -



The company then dispersed.

HARBOUR EXCURSION.

At night a complimentary excursion down the harbour was given to the visitors and guests of the Government. The weather conditions were perfect, the hot north-westerly winds of the afternoon having given place to a cool southeasterly breeze. Several steamers, waiting in readiness at Circular Quay, were made conspicuous among the innumerable ferry boats and other craft by being richly ornamented with glow-lamps, Chinese lanterns, and electric light. The whole of the steamers provided by the Government were crowded with visitors, and the presence of efficient bands, and a supply of refreshments, materially contributed to the success of the undertaking.

LIEDERTAFEL CONCERT.

The Sydney Town Hall was densely crowded at 8 o’clock with lovers of high-class music, to hear the concert given by the Sydney Liedertafel in honor of the inauguration of the Commonwealth. Members of the Liedertafel wore rosettes in the colours of the Governor-General, while the hall itself was brilliantly decorated for the occasion. A lengthy programme was provided. Several selections were played on the colossal organ by Mr. Edward Sykes, which were highly appreciated by the audience.

OPEN-AIR CONCERT.

Notwithstanding that the harbour excursion and Liedertafel concert afforded considerable attraction for thousands of people, and that the city illuminations, and bands playing in the main thoroughfares, absorbed the attention of tens of thousands more, the open-air concert given from the Elite Grand Stand in the broad avenue known as Martin Place was patronised by an immense assemblage of good-tempered people, who listened patiently and with great interest to the various vocal and musical selections. Several members of the Federal Ministry, and many distinguished visitors from the other States, were also present. The Right Hon. Edmund Barton, who was accompanied by Sir William Lyne, delivered a short patriotic address, which was heartily received. The proceedings terminated by the audience singing “ Auld Lang Syne,” and giving cheers for the Queen and the conductor of the Light Infantry Band.

ASSAULT AT ARMS.

There were numerous other sources of attraction for those who preferred some light recreation. In order that the programme of the Government might not be considered deficient in a complete variety of amusement, it was arranged that an “ Assault-at-Arms ” should be held as a feature of the celebrations. This was carried out at the Gaiety Theatre, in the presence of a large gathering of the military and sporting representatives, and a long programme of events, comprising boxing competitions, single-sticks, fencing, and foil v. foil, were excitedly contested. Engagements between members ot the Imperial and Indian troops and votaries from the local forces formed a notable feature of the competitions.

TRADES UNION DINNER.


The Trades Unions Commonwealth Sectional Committee gave a banquet in the Trades Hall. The Hon. E. W. O’Sullivan (Minister for Works, and President of the Committee), occupied the chair. On his right sat the Right Hon. E. Barton, Q.C.

(Prime Minister of Australia), the Right Hon. C. C. Kingston, P.C. (Federal Minister for Trade and Customs), the Right Hon. R.

J. Seddon (Prime Minister of New Zealand); while on his left were the Hon. Sir William Lyne (Prime Minister of New South Wales, and Federal Minister for Home Affairs), the Hon. R. E. O’Connor, Q.C. (Vice-President of the Federal Executive Council), and the Hon. J. Carroll (Native Minister of New Zealand). Prominent among the many guests were to be seen N. Buzacott, J. Hepher, and J. Wilson, Ms.L.C.; J. S. T. McGowen, J. C.

Watson, Austin Chapman, W. M. Hughes,

W. G. Spence, E. M. Clark, A. Griffith,

r    J. C. WATSON, M.L.A.,

T. Brow'n, and A. Edden, M’s.L.A. (New    A prominent Labour Representative.

South Wales); A. A. Kirkpatrick, R. S. Guthrie, H. Adams, and G. McGregor, M’s.L.C.; W. H. Carpenter, T. Price, J. Hutchison, and F. W. Coneybeer, M’s.L.A. (South Australia); W. H. Browne, W. Kidson, C. McDonald, A. Fisher, George Kerr, D. Bowman, W. Hamilton, T. Dibley, M. Reid, G. Ryland, J. Lesina, and H. Turley, M’s.L.A. (Queensland); Mr. A. Pudney (President of the South Australian Branch of the Seamen’s Union) ; Mr. T. Tudor (President of the Melbourne Trades Hall Council); Mr. W. F. Schey, and many others.

Apologies for absence were received from the Right Hon. G. H. Reid, M.L.A., the Hon. B. R. Wise (Attorney-General, New South Wales), the Right Hon. Sir John Forrest, and others.

The Queen.”

The Chairman gave the toast of “ The Queen,” which was duly honoured.

The Federal Ministry.”

The Chairman proposed “ The Federal Ministry.” He said that long before Mr. Barton advocated federation, long before the late Sir Henry Parkes spoke of it, labour societies had achieved it. Their societies had federated years ago, and had paved the way for a political federation. There was one idea which they all expected to be carried out, and that was that a “ White Australia ” should prevail. (Loud cheers.) The first great task that the new Government would have to take in hand would be that of creating a white Australia. (Prolonged cheers.) It was only a question of time, perhaps only three years, when they expected the Federal Parliament to carry a Bill to abolish coloured labour, no matter whether it was in Queensland or in any other part of Australia. There was another matter which the Federal Government would have to do—and that was to protect the white labour of Australia against the outside world, as well as against coloured labour within its borders. (Cheers.) He asked them to drink the health of “ The Federal Ministry.” (Cheers.)

The Right Hon. Edmund Barton, Prime Minister of Australia, was received with cheers when he rose to respond. He said: The cordiality of the reception given my Ministers and myself this evening is in keeping with the extreme courtesy and hospitality with which I and those of my colleagues who were present at different times were treated at the demonstration on Saturday last. I am particularly pleased with the kindness which has been showered upon me. I feel that there is one thing that we all have in common, wherever we may have been born, and that is our nationality as Australians. (Cheers.) I feel also that you are going to be just as generous with the first Federal Cabinet, and give us an opportunity of formulating a policy, and then announcing it. (Applause.) I should feel sorry if I have disappointed anyone to-night, but you may rely that the policy which the Ministry announces will not disappoint men of liberal tendencies. (Cheers.) Especially may your Chairman be sure that we will not devote ourselves to pleasing the plutocratic classes, for the reason that we shall all be men enough not to take to pleasing any one class, but will work for the good of all. (Cheers.) I will make no promises, because I believe that it would not be right for me, or any other Minister present, to make any promise. We have not yet met together to consider a policy, but I believe when we do we shall be able to secure the confidence of the workers, as wTell as the confidence of the mass of people out of doors. (Cheers.) The workers of Australia can judge from the past actions of various Ministers composing the Cabinet as to whether they will be favourably treated or not. The Chairman referred to a wrhite Australia and protection. Well, wre have not yet considered our policy, but on that question the people are still entitled to consider our past and our history. (Cheers.) is there one of us who has supported the introduction of Asiatic labour? I think you will find the policy of the Federal Ministry in that respect will not disappoint anyone. I am also anxious to-day that Sir J. R. Dickson, one of my colleagues from Queensland, who iS lying on a sick bed, will be ready, with the whole Ministry, to deal, not perhaps in a precipitate way, but in a careful and high-minded way, with that question. I will undertake to say that there will be nothing slippery about the Ministry. When we announce our policy we will say right out what we mean, and there will be no humbug about it. (Cheers.) Even though some of you are opposed to me, I think you will all admit that I never mince my meaning, but that I always speak out. I intend to do so in the future, and so do my Ministry. (Cheers.) I cannot at present pretend to discuss our policy, but just as the composition of the Federal Cabinet is, taken as a wrhole, of a liberal character, so will our policy be liberal; and as its men are manly, so will its statesmen be manly. (Cheers.) As to the question of a white Australia, whatever steps I take, whatever time I am allowed, whatever means I may adopt to dispose of the question of black labour, the whole feeling of Australians is in favour of preventing any action which will in the slightest degree debar the continent the right of calling itself a white Australia. (Cheers.) Public feeling is for a white Australia, and no Ministry can live that defies it. (Loud cheers.) Before I sit down, I should like to say that the character of the celebrations we have been enjoying for the past week, and the manner in which they have been carried out, entirely eclipses all that we have experienced before in our history, and I can safely add that they have had few parallels in the history of the world. (Cheers.) Those celebrations have been so conducted as to show the other Australian States sincerely and honestly that New South Wales has no wish to fight a wild-cat battle, but to combine for the purpose of securing the highest degree of liberty and freedom. The Federal Ministry will be found to be one with liberal ideas, and with a fair and just regard to all humane principles. (Cheers.) We will go to an extreme in order to be just and square. I ask you to-night to accept my assurance that you will find the Federal Cabinet always mindful of the fact that we must not subordinate the interests of any one section of the community, but must deal with justice and in an even-handed manner to all. (Cheers.)

The Hon. Sir William Lyne (Prime Minister of New South Wales, and Federal Minister for Home Affairs), was also received with applause. He said that the Government over which he had presided had passed more measures of democratic legislation than had ever been passed in this State before, and he regretted that he had not succeeded in passing two other important Bills—the Compulsory Arbitration Bill and the Adult Suffrage Bill. (Cheers.) He felt at present that he had a larger interest in the Commonwealth of Australia than he had on any previous occasion, and he realised that it was his duty, and the duty of every other honest man, to carry into the Federal Parliament the same views as he had espoused whilst in the Parliament of New South Wales. That he intended to do. (Cheers.) It might be that there would be difficulties to overcome, and it might be that the Cabinet, composed of strong men as it was, would have fights as to the supremacy of opinions ; but if they had at heart the goodwill of the whole of Australia, and wanted to make it the nation which they hoped to make it, they would have to put on one side absolutely any thought of place or pay. (Cheers.) He felt sure, judging by the recent action taken by New Zealand, that she would yet join with them in the great Commonwealth, and if she did he felt sure it would be one of the greatest blessings, not only to Australia, but to all of the islands in the southern hemisphere. They had laid the foundation of the Government of the whole of the southern hemisphere, and the Commonwealth was going to dictate the policy of all of the islands in the South Pacific. (Cheers.) So far as black labour was concerned, his expressions of feeling in the past had been strong, and they would be just as strong in the future. (Cheers.) He had opposed the Commonwealth of Australia Bill because he had felt it his duty in the interests of the State and of Australia to do so ; but once the people of Australia had said that they were going to accept the Constitution, he felt it was his duty to do his best to give effect to their mandate. They were all joined in one Commonwealth, and it was now their duty to join hand in hand and to show that they were all Britishers, and the greater the obstacles in their way the greater would be the endeavour to overcome them. (Cheers.)

The Right. Hon. C. C. Kingston, M.L.C. (Federal Minister for Trade and Customs), who was enthusiastically cheered, also responded. He said he was very sensible of the reception they had given him. It was but a continuation of the hospitality which Sydney had been holding out to the representatives of Australia for the past ten days. The liberality bestowed on all sides was truly typical of the Australian people. (Cheers.) Ten years ago he had spoken in the Trades Hall—a fact of which he was proud, notwithstanding that he had been censured for doing so by some high authorities. (Cheers.) He could not discuss the Federal policy, for the simple reason that the policy of the Cabinet was the result of the deliberations of seven or more men, and as the seven or more men had not been able to find time since they had been sworn in to formulate a policy, he could not say anything about their intentions. To respond, as he was responding, that night for the first time in his life, in the position of a Federal Minister, was a great honour and joy. He was deeply grateful to the Prime Minister for entrusting him with the response to the toast. It was, he hoped, a sign to the people of Sydney that his record as a politician was not unknown. (Cheers.)

He also took it that the workers approved and welcomed the selection of the first Ministry to undertake the work of the Commonwealth. He hoped the day would never come when he would forget the regard in which the people of Australia thought fit to hold him. It was a delight to see present his Right Hon. friend the Prime Minister of New Zealand. [Cheers.) There had always been a healthy rivalry between South Australia and that colony in connection with all democratic events. He warmly congratulated Sir William Lyne upon his success with measures favourable to the workers. (Applause.) The Federal Government would welcome fair criticism ; but when unfair criticism came, let those critics responsible beware. Something had been said about a white Australia. All he had to say was, “ Read our records and gauge our sentiments.” He knew of no higher privilege than to serve the people of Australia, and, long or short as the term of the Federal Government might be, he promised that they would do their level best for their own credit, and for the good of Australia. No one could do more. (Applause.)


l/J


m


Mr. Frank Brennan (President of the Eight Hour’s Committee) proposed the toast of “ The State Ministry,” which was briefly responded to by Sir William Lyne, who said that he would welcome the Labour Party in Federal politics.

Mr. J. S. T. McGowen (Leader of the Labour Party) gave the toast of “ Success to the Labour Movement,” which was responded to by the Hon. F. Flowers, M.L.C.

Mr. W. M. Hughes, M.P., proposed the toast of “ The Visitors.”

A •


The Right Hon. R. J. Seddon Prime Minister of New Zealand) responded. He said he rose to speak under difficult circumstances, as the hour was late. The speeches he had listened to had a ring of sincerity about them. The nobility of labour had at length been fully recognised, and as years had progressed he had seen great work done and brought to a successful issue. (Cheers.) He alluded to the days when men were punished because they dared to force the rights of labour. On the goldfields he now found freedom of speech and liberty recognised. After leaving the goldfields he had been given the opportunity of ennobling labour and removing from white slavery thousands of his fellow citizens. (Cheers.) It was not the black labour of the Queensland sugar plantations that the white workers of Australia had to be afraid of, but the cheap labour of the continent of Germany and Belgium, and of even America—that boasted land oi the free. There was more danger from those places as industrial communities than from Queensland. (Cheers.) He urged the workers of Australia to set an example to the workers of the mother country, and endeavour by every means to bring about the Federation of labour. (Cheers.) He thanked them on behalf of the visitors, who had been magnificently treated at their hands. (Cheers.)

Other toasts were honoured, including “ The Press,” and the “ Chairman,” when the gathering gave three cheers for the Queen, and then dispersed.

The city illuminations were again repeated, and as eagerly observed and admired by the crowds thronging the streets as on any previous evening.


Eighth Day—Tuesday, January 8.

For this day the official programme provided the following :—New South

Wales Defence Force Rifle Association Meeting, at the Randwick Rifle Range;

. ^ . . % the Cricket Match, N.S.W. v. South Australia, at the Sydney Cricket Ground ;

a Municipal Picnic to Berry; and the Military Sports at the Agricultural Ground,

Moore Park.

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

230


The New South Wales Rifle Association’s meeting was continued under most favourable conditions. For the meeting which had been organised as a feature of the Commonwealth celebrations, record entries had been received, and the competitors, representing all parts of Australia, Great Britain, and India, numbered over 1,000 men. The Executive Committee consisted of Lieutenant-Colonel Longfield, Colonel Roberts, C.M.G., Mr. George Douglass, Mr. H. Vernon, Major Honey, Lieutenant-Colonel Oldershaw, Mr. H. E. Mills, Mr. H. A. Dakin, with Lieutenant O’Gorman Hughes, A.M.C., as medical officer.

CRICKET MATCH.

The cricket match between New South Wales and South Australia was resumed at noon in the presence of a very large gathering. The extraordinary score of 918 runs by New South Wales in their first innings had beaten the world’s record of 887, previously held by Yorkshire. A second world’s record was established by New South Wales in the five scores of three figures each, and a new Australian record for a debut in Sheffield Shield matches was made by L. O. S. Poidevin of Sydney.

fit


MUNICIPAL PICNIC TO BERRY.

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At the instance of the Government, the City Council issued invitations to a picnic to be held at Berry, a charming little township in the Illawarra district on the South Coast. About 1,000 persons attended the picnic, consisting principally of Government guests and visitors to the State. Several Ministers of the Crown and Members of Parliament accompanied the party, which left Redfern in a special train at 8*30 a.m., arriving at Berry a few hours later. After an inspection of the local Agricultural Society’s Grounds, luncheon was partaken of in a large marquee. The Hon J. L. Fegan, M.L.A., Minister for Mines and Agriculture, presided. On his right sat Dr. John Hay, Mr. Justice Edwards of New Zealand, Mr. W. M. Fehon (Railway Commissioner), and Mr. John Wheeler (Vice-President of the New South Wales Municipal Association). To the left of the Chairman were the Hon. Captain Charles, M.L.C., Mr. Alexander Campbell, M.L.A., and Mr. D. Kirkcaldie (Railway Commissioner).








The toasts of “The Queen,” the “ Governor-General,” and the “Lieutenant-Governor,” were duly honoured.

The State Ministry."

Dr. John Hay, in proposing the health of the State Ministry, said that the Government had ably seconded the efforts made by all to carry the Commonwealth celebrations to a successful issue, and to give visitors a tvelcome commensurate with the importance of the occasion and the dignity of the State. (Hear, hear.) He had much pleasure in proposing the toast, and asking them to give three cheers for the Ministry. (Cheers were given, and the toast duly honoured.)

The Hon. J. Perry, M.L.A. (Minister for Public Instruction), in responding, said that the State Government would be more than pleased to know that the visitors had enjoyed themselves. He desired to give all the praise to those who had carried out the arrangements which the Government had entrusted to them. The accidents during the period of the celebrations had been fewer than in ordinary weeks. (Cheers.) If any visitors had been in any way overlooked in connection with the festivities he would be sorry ; but they would be in good company, because a great many people in the whole of the States had not been invited. Had anyone been able to tell the Government how to put 500 square pegs into fifty round holes they would doubtless have been able to solve the difficulty which beset them in dealing satisfactorily with so many persons. (Cheers.) He thanked them for the manner in which they had drunk the toast.

Mr. David Davis, M.L.A., representative of the great district of Illawarra, said he was proud to see such a large and representative gathering. It was pleasant to the inhabitants to know that their country was held in such high estimation that a trip to it would attract so many people. The great future of the district would be identified with manufacturing industries all along the railway. At present its agricultural products and capacity had given it far-reaching fame throughout the continent. (Cheers.)

Prosperity to the District of Illawarra.’’

The Chairman, who was received with applause, on rising to propose this toast, said the State of New South Wales ought to be thankful that it possessed such a splendid tract of country. In the future the dairying industry would have its great seat in the North Coast district, and it would be run there by men who had learned their business in the Illawarra country. (Cheers.) For a long time the Government felt that it should not interfere with private enterprise; but now that it found that badly conducted private enterprise was prejudicing the State’s markets abroad, it thought it had a right to step in and see that matters were altered. (Cheers.) By having exports branded with the New South Wales brand, after approval, fair and honest trade would be encouraged, and the practices of men, who were now continually damaging the fair fame of the State by sending away products which were a shame to us, would be checked. (Hear, hear.) The State Ministry had a good deal of work on hand, and in connection with these celebrations the Government had risen to a great occasion. (Hear, hear.) The Government held that the

232    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

name of New South Wales must be maintained prominently amongst the States of the Commonwealth, and in the effort to accomplish that it had been supported by practically the whole community. (Cheers.)



Dr. John Hay, in responding, said that the residents of Berry and its neighbourhood knew the efforts he had put forth to advance the interests of the South Coast districts. He had desired to see their products rank first on the London market. Never had he had more able assistance than he had obtained from the New South Wales Department of Agriculture since the present Minister was in charge. (Cheers.) Mr. Fegan was sincere in his desire to help producers to bring their products up to a first-class standard, so as to compete with the products of the world. As the yeomanry at Home had been the strength of England, so would the yeomanry of New South Wales prove to be the strength of this State. (Cheers.) He was pleased to respond to the toast, and he would take the liberty of proposing the health of The Railway Commissioners. (Cheers.) He was sure that they were doing their best to give the country a return for the money spent upon the railways, and to provide, as far as possible, for the conveniences of the travelling public. (Hear, hear.)

Mr. W. M. Fehon, Railway Commissioner, returned sincere thanks for the toast. He said the Railway Commissioners had tried during their twelve years of office to perform their important duties to the best of their ability. They had a great many lines to administer which were non-paying, and amongst them was the Illawarra railway. This line had to face the competition of ocean carriage, which might be some reason for its not paying; but there was a gradual improvement in its returns. During the last two years the railway system, as a whole, had paid working expenses and interest on capital. The receipts this year were nearly ^250,000 ahead in the first six months compared with the receipts in the corresponding period of last year. (Hear, hear.) There was no surer thermometer of trade than the railway revenue. The results in the present year, so far, were a good indication that New South Wales was in a prosperous condition.

Mr. D. Kircaldie, Railway Commissioner, said he had to endorse the remarks made by Mr. Fehon. Taking the railways and tramways receipts together the amount received during the first six months of the year was nearly what had been stated. (Cheers.) On the morning of New Year’s Day the railways carried to Sydney between 45,000 and 50,000 passengers up to 12 noon. On the tram lines there were carried during the past week approximately 3,200,000 passengers. (Cheers.) Up to Sunday night the railways carried back to the country nearly 30,000 persons who had attended the festivities. It was satisfactory to be able to say that the whole of the railway traffic during Commonwealth week was conducted without accident, whilst on the trarmvays only two accidents had occurred to old gentlemen, who were not able to help themselves. (Cheers.) Apart altogether from the deserts of the Railway Commissioners he thought that the highest credit was due in the circumstances to the whole staff of employees. (Cheers.)

Mr. Archibald Campbell, M.L.A., proposed the toast of the “ Chairman,” which was suitably acknowledged by the Hon. J. L. Fegan.

NAVAL AND MILITARY SPORTS.

An enormous attendance was attracted to the Naval and Military Sports, which were continued from the previous day. Not only were the spaces reserved for the accommodation of spectators thickly crowded, but great numbers assembled on the mounds and hillocks which surrounded the grounds. The weather was everything that could be desired. The most interesting item of the day was a representation of warfare on the Indian frontier, in which the visiting Indian and Imperial troops took part. A watch-tower, fortified by the Indians with artillery-, was placed in the centre of the main enclosure, and at a given signal an attack was to be made by the British troops. From the top of the tower a tribesman kept a look-out. Everything seemed peaceful in the vicinity of the tower, when suddenly a scout arrived to announce the approach of the enemy. The Indians, shouting defiantly, began running from all parts of the grounds, carrying standards, and brandishing weapons. There was a rush to the tower to seek the protection of its armaments In the distance could be seen a body of Imperial Mounted Infantry, soon recognised to be scouts, who, separating, galloped to the east and west of the enemy’s position, and “ drew fire.” Then a double line of kahki-clad soldiers appeared on the crest

of the hill east of the grounds. The Indians rushed to the entrenchments that had been constructed before the British line of advance. A rifle duel then began, and it was maintained until the Indians retreated to a second line of defence, from which they were also driven. The British troops made no attack with bayonets, but kept rushing and dropping down to take cover, volleying with splendid effect. Their losses were heavy, and the Army Medical Corps was kept busy attending to the

wounded. Heavy losses were also incurred on the enemy’s side. It was clear that the Indians had well rehearsed their part, as, in the midst of a volley, one threw his head backwards, and his hands heavenwards, and fell heavily upon the ground as in death’s agony. Another, wounded in the leg, struggled valiantly to regain the tower ; a third, brandishing his sword, fell upon his knees, struggled to his feet

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

235


a^ain, and in a last act of defiance to the British invaders, waved his sword with most dramatic effect, and fell dead upon the ground. British re-enforcements rapidly arrived. The Highlanders supported the British Infantry, still taking cover, and firing with desperation on the tribesmen, who were falling back slowly, and volleying viciously on their assailants. When all the Indians had been driven to the tower, a British battery of Horse Artillery appeared on a hill, and put into action a small 15-pounder quick-firer. Fire and smoke were belched from every lookout in the tower, while the rifles were kept in vigorous play. The first shot from the field gun, which boomed over the heads of the multitude, landed within a few feet of the tower, where a mine was exploded at the proper moment with capital effect. Another shot landed still closer, and a third struck the tower. The engineers then blew up the gates, and the infantry made a charge, capturing the position, and putting the tribesmen to flight. The field was strewn with killed and wounded, among whom the activity of the Medical Corps was distinctly noticeable. The lessons of the gruesomeness of war thus given were followed by the humorous aspect of the conquering soldiers giving chase to the sheep and poultry which had been confined in the Indian fort.

The Royal Field Artillery gave a repetition of the driving display; while the visiting Indians entered into free gymnastics and clever horsemanship, exhibitions of which were heartly applauded by the spectators. The competitive events excited the deepest interest. The troops, which had but a few hours returned from the seat of war in South Africa by the “ Orient,” received a most enthusiastic welcome to the grounds.

BANDS.

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The performances given by the various country and city and suburban bands in the main thoroughfares of the metropolis, and at different recreation resorts, were repeated, and the music generally was much appreciated by the crowds that congregated at the scene. Some alteration in the location of the respective bands was made, in accordance with the order of the day.


COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.



SAMUEL COOK,

President of the Inter-State and Pisiting Press Committee.



PRESS BANQUET.

In the Town Hall, the Government gave a banquet to the Press representatives of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Western Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, Great Britain, Canada, and the United States, who had been busily occupied in furnishing graphic accounts of the Commonwealth celebrations. The attendance was exceedingly large, and the remark was frequently heard during the repast that this was the greatest gathering of journalists ever seen in Australia.

The chief position was occupied by Sir William Lyne (Prime Minister of New South Wales), who had on his right Mr. Geoffrey E. Fairfax (Sydney Morning Herald); Hon. John See, M.L.A. (Colonial Secretary); Major-General French (Commander of the New South Wales Forces); Hon. J. L. Fegan, M.L.A. (Minister for Mines); Mr. Watkin Wynne (Manager, Daily Telegraph) ; Mr. Samuel Cook (General Manager, Sydney Morning Herald)-, Mr. S. V. Winter {Melbourne Herald)-, Mr. C. Brunsdon Fletcher (Brisbane Courier)-, Mr. C. Dekker ( Editor, Evening News)-, Mr. A. W. Whitaker (Launceston Daily Telegraph)-, Mr. J. P. Dowling (Sydney Mail)-, Mr. J. L. Kelly {New Zealand 7ivies) ; Sir John Quick, LL.D., and Lieutenant Russell Browne, R.E. On the left of the Chairman sat Mr. Henry Gorman (a Director of the Sydney Daily Telegraph Company); the Hon. E. W- O’Sullivan (Minister lor Works); Mr. J. P. Hogan (a Director of the Australian Star Company); Mr. L. J. Brient (Editor, Sydney Daily Telegraph)-, Hon. C. H. Buzacott (Rockhampton Record) ; Mr. William J. Sowden (South Australian Register) ; Mr. J. O. Fairfax [Sydney Morning Herald) ; Mr. J. A. Hogue, M L.A. (late Editor of the Evening News)-, Mr. J. De Courcey [Freeman's Journal) ; and Mr. R. S. Smythe. An excellent repast was laid under the direction of Mr. J. C. Young, the Parliamentary Steward, and during the evening a programme of vocal and instrumental music was performed under the conductorship of Mr. Lewis de Groen.

Apologies for non-attendance were read from the Hon. B. R. Wise, Q.C. (Attorney-General), and Mr. John Haynes, M.L.A.; also a greeting from the Darling Dozens Gazette staff to their fellow pressmen at the banquet.

The loyal toast of “ The Queen ” having- been duly honoured with the singing of the National Anthem, the Chairman rose to propose the toast of—

The Governor-General.”

He said: Gentlemen,—-His Excellency, Lord Hopetoun, as you are all aware, is no stranger amongst us. He is well known to the people of these States, and I feel satisfied that his appointment as the first Governor-General of the Commonwealth is heartily endorsed by all. (Cheers.) His Excellency is exceedingly popular. He is one of the ablest men that could be secured for the position, and I have every confidence that he will prove himself the right person to fill it. (Cheers.) We all regret the weak state of his health, which has prevented his attending many of our entertainments, and trust that he will soon regain his normal condition. (Cheers.

The toast was honoured with musical accompaniment.

The Lieutenant-Governor.”

The Chairman said : Gentlemen,—In asking you to drink the health of our Lieutenant-Governor, Sir Frederick Darley, it is not necessary for me to point out that he is well known as one of the finest old Irish gentlemen in the States. (Loud cheers.) It is not to be supposed that because certain departments of the State are to be transferred to the Commonwealth there will not be a good deal of work for the States to do, and that the necessity for a State Governor will not remain. I feel sure that Sir Frederick Darley, who has filled so many offices of trust and great distinction amongst us, would be very acceptable in such a position. (Cheers.)

The health of the Lieutenant-Governor was drunk with great enthusiasm.

The Press of the Empire.”

The Chairman, in rising to propose this toast, was received with great cheering. He said: Representatives of the Press of the Empire,—As Prime Minister of New South Wales, with the honour of presiding over this great assemblage of Press representatives, I desire to say that the celebrations, which are drawing to a close, have been carried out with eminent success by those entrusted with the direction of them. (Cheers.) We have presented a scene that perhaps has never been witnessed before in any part of the continent of Australia. (Hear, hear.) The occasion of the inauguration of the Commonwealth gave New South Wales the opportunity to put forth an effort to mark the event in a manner that would never be forgotten in the history of the Commonwealth,—(applause)—and I, therefore, feel considerable pride and gratification at the success which has been so undoubted and so great. And what could be more appropriate than to conclude the ceremonies of the week with a gathering such as we have here to-night,—(cheers)—consisting of representatives of the Press from almost every part of the British Empire ? I believe I am safe in saying that I consider this to be the greatest assembage of pressmen that has ever been held in this part of the world. (Hear, hear.) The pressmen of Australia will compare favourably in point of intelligence, ability, and gentlemanly conduct, with pressmen in any part of the world. (Hear, hear.) A pressman’s life is not an easy one. (Hear, hear.) The members of the Press are a body of men who in point of capacity will compare favourably with the members of any other profession. (Cheers.) The nature of their duties renders them singularly adaptable, and when they care to leave the walks of journalism for other pursuits they always succeed in their new sphere. It has seemed to me, in the few moments of leisure that I have had to give to the subject, that the chief Australian newspapers compare well with the leading journals of Great Britain and America. (Cheers.) It is generally admitted that in the South African war, Australian journalists turned out as good “copy” as their English brethern. (Cheers.) The letters of Lambie and Spooner (whose early deaths we all much deplore), also Paterson, Macdonald, Wilkinson, and others, are of a high order of merit; and on the London Press Australia was well represented by “Smiler” Hales and others. (Hear, hear.) The Australian newspapers may not be so conservative as the older English journals, or so sensational as the American publications, but they strike the happy medium, and embody the best traditions of responsible journalism (Cheers.) It is impossible for the public to rate the influence of the Press too highly, for good or for evil. That influence, it- was seen many years ago, will become very powerful, and the prospect became so alarming that we find ourselves confronted with those measures of attempted repression which are known to us all. fCheers.) It is of course inevitable that such attempts should fail. The Press is free, and with freedom comes that feeling of responsibility which is always present in the mind of the management of a reputable journal. (Hear, hear.) Freedom of the Press is synonomous with freedom of the people; a free Press means a free people. We have only to cast our eyes towards some parts of the world, which it is not necessary to mention, to see how objectionable newspaper utterances are to the authorities, and it is the case that the more despotic in its character a Government may be, the greater are the restrictive measures taken against the Press. (Cheers.) It would undoubtedly be a source of great danger to the people if the Press were to wield its great power unwisely, as that power has become so enormous. It has become so great that it has the effect of multiplying on a very large scale that class of politician who, as Gilbert writes, “ never thought of thinking for himself at all,” and perhaps the effect has been equally satisfactory. (Cheers.) It is literally the case that thousands of newspaper readers take their opinions from their favourite journals—political, theatrical, musical, arid otherwise. They have found their views so admirably expressed that they have lost the faculty of original thought on public questions, and have taken possession of the mind which automatically unfolds itself before them each day. Hear, hear.) This custom perhaps is not so characteristic of Australia as of England. But it is a tremendous power for the Press to wield, and I believe that on the whole the power is wisely and beneficently used. (Hear, hear.) A leading newspaper has no small influence in the winning or the losing of a political campaign. It can go a long way towards securing victory for the party whose principles it favours. In the case of the great movement, the success of which we are celebrating, we can all recollect the influence exercised by the Press upon the people. To the newspaper Press of Australia, not less to the public men who fought arduously for their convictions, I feel that the accomplishment of federation is due. (Cheers.) In other directions the power of the Press has been manifested; the reform of the City Council being an instance in particular. It is indeed a mighty power that is exercised by the Press on the life of a nation, and I trust that its influence on the Commonwealth of Australia will always be dictated by a spirit of patriotism, and by a love of truth and justice. (Applause.) It is to the Press of Australia that we must look to make us known to all parts of the world, and to make all parts of the world known to us. (Loud cheers ) I ask you to rise and drink to “ The Press of the Empire.”

The toast was received with much enthusiasm.


Mr. Geoffrey E. Fairfax (Sydney Morning Herald), in responding to the toast, said: Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen,—I recognise that there is no more difficult task for a representative of the Press than to address a body of pressmen. Pressmen are naturally of a very critical nature, and it is a very difficult thing for an amateur orator to get up and speak in a large hall like this, where even the most experienced men find a difficulty in making their voices heard. Sir William Lyne has spoken in the most eulogistic terms of the Australian Press. It is not for me to take away from anything he has said. We do our best, and we think our best is good.

(Applause.) The present Government of New South Wales has done a great many good things. (Hear, hear.) The Sydney Morning Herald may not always have agreed with them, but I do not think anyone present could disagree with the action of the Government in asking the journalists of Australia to assemble here this evening. (Cheers.) During the past few weeks the pressmen of Sydney, and the visiting provincial and inter-State pressmen, have been worked very hard, and it    GEOFFREY E Fairfax

is very pleasing for US to learn to-night that    One oj' the Proprietors oj the Sydney yTorning Herald.


we have done our work in a very loyal and satisfactory manner. (Applause.) The Press of New South Wales in most respects—indeed in all respects—considers it is equal to the Press of any other State. In one respect, however, the Press of New South Wales is not in as good a position as the Press in other States. It is not the fault of the Government that it has failed to bring the law of libel in this State, not only into line with that of the other States, but also into line with that of Great Britain. (Cheers.) We have heard a great deal said, but not too much, about what the soldiers of Australia had done in South Africa. (Cheers.) I believed, when England accepted our offer of troops, she did it out of courtesy to this country; but when, after a year’s fighting, England asked for further troops, I felt she did it as an acknowledgment of what our volunteers had done. (Cheers.) That is a most gratifying testimonial to the bravery and usefulness of the Australian soldiers. (Cheers.) Whilst our soldiers have done work equal to that of any other soldiers of the Empire, it is only fair for pressmen to claim that the war correspondents of the Australian Press have done as good work as the war correspondents sent to South Africa from other parts of the world. (Cheers.) Sir William Lyne has mentioned the names of certain war correspondents. It is not a good thing for a pressman who belongs to one particular paper to go into details; therefore, I will not say anything about what particular correspondents have done. The only ones I might be permitted to refer to are two pressmen who died in the execution of their duty. I refer to the late Messrs. Lambie and Spooner. Both were really good men. They were what are called “white men.” (Cheers.) Sir William Lyne has proposed the toast of the Press of the Empire. That is a very large order indeed. I believe that the pressmen of Australia can hold their own with pressmen in any other portion of the British Empire. (Applause.) We are free and independent. We are not bound down by anyone. We have the consolation of knowing that we have the people with us. We say what we feel we ought to say, and sometimes we have to pay for saying it, but nevertheless we say it. (Cheers.) I think we can very well congratulate ourselves on the position of the Press in Australasia. I am pleased to learn that, of all similar functions that have taken place during the celebrations, the present one is the most successful. (Cheers.) In conclusion, I beg to return you thanks on behalf of the Press of the Empire, and more especially, I think, on behalf of the Press of New South Wales, for the kindly way in which Sir William Lyne has proposed the toast, and for the very enthusiastic manner in which it has been received. (Cheers.)



Mr. S. V. Winter {Melbourne Herald) responded on behalf of the Press of Victoria. He said : Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—In speaking on behalf of the Press of Victoria, I would like to say that it has always endeavoured to maintain the best characteristics of the British race.    So far as our State was concerned in the

question of Federation, the whole of the Press of Victoria was in favour of the movement.

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

242


(Cheers.) It was, in our opinion, the true line from which these States are to progress in the future, and we were, therefore, willing to risk a great deal provided that the means of altering the Constitution were left in the hands of the people. (Cheers.) And we feel that our task is not yet ended. It is the duty of the Press of Australia to do its utmost, as it has hitherto done, to allay the jealousies and misgivings which are apt to arise in the various States, and to try, by

example and precept, to urge their repre- A    W7 ' v .0

sentatives to view the national ideal from a higher plane—(cheers)—to have nothing petty or provincial in dealing with the Commonwealth, and at the same time to render unto the States that which belongs to the States.

S. V. WINTER,

Editor, “ Melbourne Herald


(Cheers.) I should like to add my mead of testimony to the superb and magnificent way in which the Inaugural Celebrations have been carried out, and the manner in which this great city of Sydney has risen to the occasion. (Applause.) The entertainment this evening is, I believe, one of the most enthusiastic and successful of the kind given by the Government, and the way in which it has been conducted redounds to the credit of all. (Cheers.) In conclusion, I should

like to recite a few lines from the poem of William Charles Wentworth, which are most appropriate on an occasion like this :—

And, oh, Britannia ! should’st thou cease to ride Despotic Empress of old Ocean’s tide ;

Should thy tam’d Lion—spent his former might—

No longer roar, the terror of the fight;

Should e’er arrive that dark, disastrous hour,

When bow’d by luxury, thou yield’st to power;

When thou, no longer freest of the free,

To some proud Victor bend’st the vanquished knee ;    .

May all thy glories in another sphere

Relume, and shine more brightly still than here ;

May this—thy last-born infant—then arise To glad thy heart, and greet thy parent eyes ;

And Australasia float, with flag unfurl’d,

A new Britannia in another world !

(Prolonged cheers.)

Mr. W. J. Sowden (South Australian Register) responded on behalf of the Press of South Australia. He said: Mr. Chairman. Ladies, and Gentlemen,—On behalf of the State to which I belong- I have to thank Sir William Lynef and the people of New South Wales for the good time we have had during the past week. (Hear, hear.) I am not an orator, and to speak here would be to address one of the most critical audiences that any man could have; so I decline to undergo the ordeal. We came here to be entertained, and to thank our generous entertainers; and I take this opportunity of expressing, on behalf of the South Australian Register and also of the Advertiser, so ably represented by my friend, Mr. Angel—on behalf, indeed, of the whole journalistic profession in the State of South Australia—our gratitude to the Prime Minister and the Government of New South Wales for their unbounded kindness to the visiting pressmen, and for the practical recognition thus conveyed of the important part which the

Australian Press has played in securing the successful consummation of the Federal movement. (Applause.)



Mr. C. Bransdon Fletcher (.Brisbane Courier) responded on behalf of the Press of Queensland. He said: Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—On behalf of the Press of Queensland, I desire to thank Sir William Lyne and the Government of New

South Wales for the magnificent way in which they have risen to the occasion. (Cheers.) The inauguration of union is an Australian responsibility, and we feel that our State has done a great deal in bringing about this grand consummation. (Cheers.) Is not the Poet Laureate of Australia a Queenslander ? Brunton Stephens published what may be called the commencement of a poem on federation in 1877, and it gave us the keynote which we have sustained through the years until to-day. The completion of that poem has been published throughout Australia and the British Empire. (Cheers.) We feel that Sir Samuel

, ......Griffith, Chief Justice of our State, in the good

Editor, “ Brisbane Courier."    work he did in 1891, has made significant the




interest we have in the union, and through his intellect and strength of purpose, we feel that Queensland has contributed much to the Commonwealth. (Cheers.) Then, was it not Sir Thomas Mcllwraith who desired to annex New Guinea in the interests of the continent of Australia and of the Empire ? We claim also, through Sir James Dickson, the honor of being the first to offer the mother country help in South Africa, and so emphasise the unity of the Empire. (Applause.) And now that Queensland has accepted the union, all she asks is that there shall be fair play. Seeing that we have done so much for federation in the past, it is our duty to maintain and strengthen our position in the future. (Cheers.)


Mr. A. W. Whittaker (Launceston Daily Telegraph) responded on behalf of the Press of Tasmania. He said: Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—I feel it a very great

privilege to be allowed to respond to the toast. It is the first occasion on which I have had the honor of responding to such a great toast _    as the one proposed, t represent the smallest


State in the Commonwealth, but nevertheless, as we are joining hands across the sea, I feel it a great pleasure to be here to-night to join hands with my fellow-pressmen in a Commonwealth which I trust will develop into one of the biggest Empires the future will ever know. (Cheers.) I must extend my gratitude to the Prime Minister and the Government generally of New South Wales for their unbounded hospitality to the visiting pressmen. They have made our stay here an exceedingly pleasant one. (Cheers.) In whatever we have done to assist in the inauguration of the Commonwealth, we have been very much assisted by the Secretary in charge of our conveniences.

(Cheers.) On behalf of the State and the Press


of Tasmania, again I thank the Government for their most generous hospitality.

Mr. J. L. Kelly (New Zealand Times) responded on behalf of the Press of New Zealand. He said : Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—1 am very glad to have the opportunity of expressing, on behalf of the Press of New Zealand, our sincere thanks for the royal way in which we have been treated by the Government of New South Wales, gathering is representative of the chief newspapers of all parts of Australia, and I am very pleased to be present amongst you to-night. So far as federation is concerned, the colony from which I come, as you know, is the loneliest and loveliest, the shy, coy maiden, the Cinderella of federation, who holds aloof to be wooed and won. (Cheers.)


The Press in Australia is on a fifty per cent, higher plane in respect to both salaries and public appreciation than in our colony ; and if the New Zealand Institute of Journalists could only be federated with a similar body in Australia, it would, I feel

sure, be the stepping stone for a greater move-    kfily

ment. (Cheers.)    Editor, “Nnv Zealand Time.

Naval and Military Forces."

Sir John Quick, Kt., LL.D. (Victoria), proposed this toast. He said: Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen,—As an old pressman of Victoria, it affords me great pleasure to attend this congress of pressmen to-night, and I consider it a high honor to be called upon to propose the toast of the Naval and Military Forces, coupled with the name of Major-General French. (Applause.) I am quite sure that in an assemblage of Australian pressmen, the toast of the Navy and Army will be received with boundless enthusiasm. We all know that the Navy is the pride of the Empire, and we know what our land forces have done in the past, and in recent times, with the searchlight of the Press upon them. They have done their duty hitherto, and we have every reason to hope and believe they will do their duty in the future, and that in time to come we shall have one grand Imperial Army organised throughout the Empire to maintain the honor and glory of our Queen and country. (Cheers.)

Major-General French (Commandant of the New South Wales Forces) responded. He said : Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—It affords me much pleasure to be here to-night. I purposely altered a previous engagement to enable me to do so. I felt it was my duty to be here, because in the number of years that I have been in New South Wales I have received the greatest kindness and support from the Press of this State, and from the Press of all parts of Australia, and particularly so during the past four or five months. In responding to the toast which has been so well received, I would say that we all know how much we are indebted to the Navy. From the time Captain Cook hoisted the flag in these

parts up to the present day we have lived under the segis of the British Navy. (Cheers.) You have had during the past few days the opportunity of seeing, not merely the Forces of Australia, but representatives of Her Majesty’s Forces throughout the Empire, and I am proud to think that not the least successful parts of the Inaugural Celebrations have been the displays given by the Military and Naval Forces. (Cheers.) I was very proud to have under my command that splendid gathering of 10,000 men who were seen at the Review. And who would not feel proud to see our war-worn veterans returning from South Africa ? Our soldiers were not always in such good repute as they are in now. There were many unkind things said of them in days gone by, when they were frequently told that they were playing at soldiers ; but I think you are satisfied with the word of the best Generals in Her Majesty’s service that, if they do play at soldiers, they know how to play the game. (Cheers.) Since the first meeting of the Commandants in Melbourne in 1899 I have been going at high pressure, and when we arranged to send the first contingent, we little dreamt that we should be asked for a second and a third; and now, when the wTar is nearly over, and the right class of men to close it up is looked for, we are asked to send more. (Loud cheers.) And we are going to send them more. (Cheers.) The position of Australia and Great Britain in respect to our soldiers reminds me of the old story of the farmer who was dining with the lord. After dinner the farmer was given a small glass of liqueur which he liked so much that he said to the attendant, “ Young man, bring me that in a mug.” (Laughter.) The British Government, after tasting the quality of our troops last year, have this year said, “ Sends us some of that in a jug.” We hope to send a great many more, as good as those who wrent before, who will bring credit upon themselves, and do honour to the Commonwealth and the States of Australia. (Cheers.)





Federated Australia.”



The Right Hon. Edmund Barton, Q.C. (Prime Minister of the Commonwealth), who had arrived late, was requested to speak on Federated Australia. On rising he was received with rounds of applause. He said : Sir William Lyne, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—We have passed through a wonderful week of rejoicing, conducted in such a manner that, for the order, regularity, magnificence of display, and the manifestation of Imperial strength, it would be hard to outdo in any part of the Empire. It does seem to me that not only the people of Sydney, but the tens of thousands who have come from elsew'here, have realised to themselves that they have entered upon a new era, and that they have a Commomvealth which, while everyone did not originally long for it in its present form, everyone now prizes, and is now ready to die for. (Applause.) That is how it struck me as I saw the order and good feeling, and the good humour of the vast crowds who witnessed the celebrations. There were manifestations of Imperial unity not in any way for agressive militarism, but upon the principle of “ Britons hold your own.” That idea seemed to be manifested by those who came from all parts of our great Empire. Federated Australia is said to have a great career before it, but how great cannot be measured by any of us ; but the temper of the people, as evidenced at the inaugural celebrations of our nation, is sufficient to show

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

247


that it is probable, and more than probable, that there will be a sacrifice of petty jealousies in favour of the great idea of co operation—(applause),—to sacrifice as little as possible to provincial aims, to endeavour to accustom the people to the idea that by working together they can work best, and to refrain from thinking that the policy of one State will be suitable to the government of all the others. (Cheers.) If that is done, a policy may be arrived at that will be best for all, and as little injurious to any one State as possible. (Hear, hear.) I am quite sure that if the Ministry undertakes its work in that spirit, the many mistakes which must accompany work in a new field of action like this will be forgiven for the sake of the spirit and the endeavour which are true and loyal. (Cheers.) The spirit that should prevail should be each for all and all for each. Any little mistakes that we may make you will have to forgive, and we shall give you in return solid work, impelled by true loyalty, and a feeling, translated into action, of what is good for Australia. While we shall not be disposed to be aggressive, still we shall be prepared to do our part in working together for the advancement of Australia, and for that greater good which is for enlightenment, development, and peace. (Loud cheers.)

Mr. Watkin Wynne (Manager of the Sydney Daily Telegraph) proposed the health of


the Chairman. He said :


'.1

J


Ladies and Gentlemen,—I offer no apology for asking your attention to a few words in connection with this toast. Sir William Lyne has done a great deal for this State in many matters. (Applause ) It will be within the recollection of many of you that Sir William was one of the members elected to represent New South Wales in the Federal Convention, and it is also true


that he, with many others, fought for some improvement in the Constitution Bill; but the referendum vote having declared against his views, like many who supported him, he was determined to loyally accept it—(cheers),—and the manner in which he has conducted the inaugural ceremonies of the Commonwealth redounds very much to his credit. (Cheers.) It will also be remembered to the credit of our Chairman that when the war in the Transvaal broke out, he did not hesitate to take the responsibility of upholding the honor of the Empire by sending troops from this State to join their comrades over the seas. (Cheers.)

As the war progressed and assumed a more serious aspect, instead of the number of volunteers falling ofF, they increased, and as more men were required, Sir William Lyne did not demur to call for them. This action on the part of our Chairman truly showed the grit of which he is made. There are other instances in which he has also done good service for us; I refer to the time of the outbreak of plague. (Cheers.) lie showed no hesitation in spending the necessary money to save the lives of the people, and had he not been a Premier quite equal to the occasion, the result would have been great disaster indeed. I am sure that we all give him great credit for what he did at that time. (Cheers.) Now, there is a question which has been touched upon by Mr. Fairfax. We enjoy the distinction of living under a libel law which has been obsolete for a great many years in every other part of the British Empire except the State of New South Wales. We are labouring under pains and penalties which no people in the British Empire suffer from except ourselves, and there has not been a Government in office for twenty-one years that has not promised to remedy such a condition of things. I am afraid Sir William Lyne will be like the rest, although I cannot blame him, because he cannot help it. (Cheers.) He is now called to a higher sphere as one of the Ministers of the Commonwealth, and I am, therefore, afraid that he will not have the opportunity of redeeming the pledge he gave us—to remove this blot from the jpurnalism of New South Wales. I hope that his distinguished friend, who sits on his right, or some other gentleman who succeeds him, will see that the promise is redeemed, so that the newspaper proprietors of the State need not be in fear of punishment should they give an accurate report of what transpires in our Courts. (Cheers.)

The toast was honoured with a marked demonstration of good-will.

Sir William Lyne, in acknowledging the toast, said : 1 am gratified that my friend, one of the ablest pressmen in the State, has proposed my health. Although Mr. Wynne does not seem satisfied with everything the Government has done, I may say, in connection with the libel law, that I had the Bill he speaks of passed through one House of Parliament, but when it reached the other it was lost. I thank this great gathering, and the Press of the Commonwealth generally, for their kindly feeling towards the Government of New South Wales. I trust that what we have done on this occasion will show the whole Continent and the world that the ceremonies have been carried out with a whole-heartednesst and success which is a fitting entree to the great Commonwealth.

'1 he assemblage then rose and gave three cheers for the Queen and the Commonwealth, and the singing of the National Anthem, with musical accompaniment, closed one of the brightest entertainments of the Celebrations.


Citizens’ Entertainments.



addition to the various events set forth in the Government programme—some of which were not concluded within the time officially recognised as the period of the Celebrations —there were several entertainments inaugurated by representative citizens to which the Government had given their patronage and assistance as contributing to the national rejoicings.

Wednesday. January 9.

At the Town Hall, the final heats of the Naval and Military Assault-at-Arms were contested. An immense gathering of Imperial and local Military and Naval Forces witnessed, with keen interest, the foil, sword, and single stick competitions, in which the visiting Indian and British soldiers took a part. Among the audience were several members of the State Ministry and many distinguished visitors. An interesting innovation was made in the programme by the appearance on the stage of a number of aboriginals who had been specially brought from Northern Queensland for the display at Botany Bay, and whose demonstrations of savage warfare, war dancing, and corroborrees were

loudly applauded.

At the Randwick Rifle Range, the Defence Force Rifle Association held its final meeting, concluding a very successful programme in the presence of a great number of spectators.

A day’s outing on the harbour was given to the visiting Indian officers and men of the Military Forces by Abdul Wade Khan, the proprietor of a large number of camels engaged in the carrying trade at Bourke, and in the far western parts of the State and Queensland. At the warships, lying at anchor in Farm Cove, the troops were royally received and entertained, after which they inspected the docks, and other places of interest in Port Jackson.

Exhibitions of boomerang throwing and sticking game with womerah, spears, or nulla nulla, attracted large numbers to the grounds at Botany Bay, where at night novel and realistic scenes of a grand corroborree around the camp fire, and red-hot boomerangs circling through the air, were a pleasing and most interesting sight. Some of the blacks in ihe charge of Mr. Meston witnessed the illfated Victorian explorers, Burke, Willis, and King, leave their depot at Cooper’s Creek in the endeavour to reach the Gulf of Carpentaria. The natives afterwards kept King alone when he returned and found the depot abandoned.

POLICE SMOKE CONCERT.

A Grand Smoke Concert, given by the Government to the officers and members of the Police Force in recognition of their services during the Celebrations, was held in the Sydney Town Hall. At 8 o’clock, the hall was filled, and the galleries crowded with ladies. The Hon. John See, M.L.A. (Colonial Secretary), the Hon. F. B. Suttor, M.L.C. (Vice-President of the Executive Council), and the Hon. E. W. O’Sullivan, M.L.A. (Minister for Public Works), of the State Ministry, attended. There were also among the audience Members of Parliament, heads of Government Departments, and a number of inter-State visitors. The floor of the great hall was dappled with small circular tables, on which were served the homely clay and an abundance of tobacco, cigars, and cigarettes, while at each side provision was made for

dispensing light refreshments. Over 1,000 persons attended the concert. During the interval in an excellent programme of vocal and instrumental music, the Hon John See delivered an address.



He said: Ladies and Gentlemen,—I regret very much that Sir William Lyne is unable to be present to-night. I should like to also refer to the sad and untimely death of Inspector Bremner, of the Police Department, who had the misfortune to be mortally wounded in the discharge of his duty. It is regrettable that after a long and distinguished career in the police service of the State he should be cut off under such sad circumstances, and I feel sure that not only his comrades, and those who knew him most intimately, but everyone in the community will feel the loss by his untimely death. It was the intention of Inspector Bremner to have retired on his pension within a few days from the date of the fatality, yet, in view of the great loss to his family, the Government intend to make provision for them. (Cheers.) Parliament will be asked at the earliest possible moment to endorse a recommendation to that effect, and I have no doubt but that it will readily consent. (Cheers.) This is a fitting opportunity for us to rejoice together over the great success which has attended the efforts of the metropolitan and country police during the past week. We have at different times heard a great deal about the regulation of traffic in London ; but although Sydney is not quite so large as London, we had an enormous number of people massed in our narrow streets during the period of the celebrations, and it is pleasant for me to announce that there have only been two accidents recorded. (Cheers.) That is a result largely attributable to the efforts of the police and the good conduct of the people. (Cheers.) With the two coupled together, there is no wonder that the great pageant which passed through our densely crowded streets on ist January was an unqualified and unexampled success. (Hear, hear.) I went into the procession myself, not so much to view the people as to observe the manner in which the traffic was conducted. The Volunteers, the Military, and the Police who took part in that great procession, and were instrumental in making it such a success, deserve the best thanks of the community. (Cheers.) I am here to-night as representative of the Government to say, on behalf of the people of New South Wales, how much we appreciate the work which the police have done. (Cheers.) And not only during the past few days has the Police Force merited our approbation. As Colonial Secretary, 1 have been brought into close communication with the Inspector-General of Police, and on some occasions with his officers, and 1 unhesitatingly say that there is no better managed Department in the whole of the service of New South Wales. (Cheers.) There are many who at times endeavour to hold the police up to ridicule, but I think it will be freely admitted that, whether we meet a constable in the day time or at night, we always look upon him as our best friend. (Hear, hear.) The Mounted Police were most conspicuous in the big procession, their appearance and conduct being highly creditable. Our visitors from the other States and from other parts have been most fulsome in their praises to me on the conduct of the police. When a few months ago the great forward movement of the Empire called upon us for volunteers for South Africa, not


the least enthusiastic ot those who offered their services were members of the Police— (cheers),—and although a number of them did get the opportunity of going to the war many more were ready to go if they could have been spared ; in fact, every member of the force would have liked to have gone and stood shoulder to shoulder with his fellow-Australians and soldiers of Great Britain for the Empire. (Cheers.) The Government are glad to have this opportunity of showing to the police their high appreciation of the manner in which they have discharged their duties. I feel sure that each member of the force is desirous of maintaining its dignity and efficiency, and hopes by general good conduct, intrepidity, and diligence in the execution of his office to attain to a higher rank in the Department when opportunity offers. I congratulate the Inspector-General on the success he has achieved. 1 have had the closest intimacy with Mr. Fosbery, both in social life and as Inspector-General of Police, and I do not think there is in New South Wales a more devoted or capable servant of the Crown. The officers under him also deserve the greatest credit, and on behalf of the people of the State I thank them. (Loud cheers.)

Mr. E. Fosbery (Inspector-General of Police) said : Mr. See, Ladies, and Gentlemen,— . I have been inundated with compliments from gentlemen in the highest positions in the surrounding States and across the seas—front Judges, Ministers of the Crown, and the most distinguished visitors—upon the great success which has attended the inaugural celebrations of our Commonwealth, a great part of which is due to the efforts of the police. (Cheers.) I do not take the compliments paid to me as personal. Every man in the Force


is entitled to his due share of credit for what has been done, and I am more than happy to be able to announce, in addition to what the Colonial Secretary has said, that not only has there been an absence of crime in the city and suburbs during the past fortnight, but that the repprts from the country contain no complaints ot misconduct of any kind. (Cheers.) There is one matter which is very much the topic of the day, and that is the military. God forbid that we should ever have to turn ourselves into a military community; but if the defence of the country is the question of the hour, then I may say that there was a time when the Government asked me confidentially to ascertain how many of our

2,000 men would consent to be drilled, trained, and armed to give their services in the defence of their country. With the exception of two or three aged men waiting for their pensions, the whole Force responded. (Cheers.) Although I am not a military man, I know that those 2,000 men—more than one half of whom are unmounted— would not be a despicable force to offer the Military to assist them. (Cheers.) I feel it a most distinguished honour to be able to acknowledge, on behalf of the Force I control, the handsome remarks of my .chief. (Cheers.)    -

Thursday, January 10.

Harbour and river excursions, banquets, picnics, and smoke concerts, were the order of the day for the respective regiments and nationalities composing the visiting contingent, while the many local Religious Bodies and Friendly Societies showed no lack of interest in entertaining the members of kindred institutions from other States and across the seas. The citizens generally exerted themselves in giving their friends and brothers in the Commonwealth the best of a good time. Nor was the Government wanting in assisting to promote their hospitality, for the numerous launches and excursion steamers which are always at its command were placed at the convenience of the various committees of representative institutions desiring to do honour to their friends. Special attention was extended to the Imperial Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers, and members of the visiting troops, who were entertained by the Government at theatre parties and other sources of amusement of a semi-private character.

FRIENDLY SOCIETIES’ BANQUET.

The United Friendly Societies, who had evinced an earnest desire to contribute to the festivities, gave a banquet in the I.O.O. Temple to about 200 members of affiliated bodies in honour of the inauguration of the Commonwealth. The Right Hon. Edmund Barton (Prime Minister of the Commonwealth), the Hon. Sir William Lyne (Prime Minister of New South Wales), the Hon. John See (Colonial Secretary), the Hon. E. W. O’Sullivan (Minister for Works), the Hon. J. Perry (Minister of Public Instruction), and several Members of Parliament were also present. The Chair was taken by Mr. J. T. Iredale (President of the United Friendly Societies’ Association). The loyal toast of “The Queen,” and the health of the Governor-General were duly honored.

The Federal Ministry.”

Mr. G. D. Clark, in proposing this toast, said he hoped the policy of the Government would be a progressive one. They wanted federation in more things than one. They wanted federation amongst the Friendly Societies. (Hear, hear.) He would like to see a Federal Societies Act passed, so that instead of the societies in the different States pulling against each other, they would pull together. (Hear, hear.) He was satisfied that when the Federal Ministry got into harness its members would prove to be the right men in the right place. (Hear, hear.)

The Right Hon. Edmund Barton (Prime Minister of the Commonwealth) on rising to respond, received quite an ovation. He said: Mr. Chairman, and Gentlemen,—It is pleasing to be accorded such a flattering reception at the hands of a gathering of men bound together by a sentiment of brotherhood and amity. If the opinion expressed by some people is to hold good, that sentiment should not enter into any walk of public life, then the Friendly Societies ought to have been destroyed long ago, because the foundation of their organisation is a practical sentiment that has done a great amount of good. (Cheers.) In the same way federation should have been destroyed if the views expressed by the people I refer to were allowed to prevail, because federation is based upon sentiment. (Cheers.) That sentiment is, that people who have grown up together in the different States, who have come from the same stock, who are animated by the same purpose, and inspired by the same traditions, should be welded together. (Applause.) That is the sentiment which possesses the Friendly Societies, and it is also the sentiment of federation. Complete harmony exists in the first Commonwealth Ministry. (Cheers.) You will find that harmony continue, because the men of vast experience in public affairs who have done me the honour to join the Ministry are well aware of the fact that, strive as one may to have one’s wishes carried out in all matters, it is impossible to succeed, and that consequently there must be an average of opinion in the Cabinet. (Hear, hear.) Men such as those who have been able to come to a declaration of policy with absolute unanimity may be very fairly trusted to govern the affairs of the Commonwealth. (Cheers.) The majority of the Cabinet is Protectionist. It is a fact, established by history, that if one sought at this day to form the very strongest Federal Ministry that could be formed from the most renowned men of Australia who have supported federation, the majority of any such Cabinet would have to be protectionist. For that 1 do not blame the freetrade party. With regard to the Friendly Societies’ laws, so far as I can judge at present, the passage of a Friendly Societies Act does not come within the scope of the subjects entrusted to the federation; but there is a subsection in section 51 which allows the Federal Parliament to legislate on any matter referred to it by two or more States under certain circumstances, and it is quite possible that the influence of federation upon the component States may show the various State Parliaments the desirability of legislating on the same lines upon the question of Friendly Societies. (Hear, hear.) I can assure you that even if the Federal Parliament cannot take up the question of Friendly Society legislation, any legitimate influence I can exercise will be right heartily employed to smooth away inequalities in the law under which these societies operate. (Cheers.) I ask you to put aside all idea of local friction, and to stand up if need be for the right of your State when you are assailed. You need not take up an aggressive attitude, but so act that the co-operation which is a necessity for federal union will be contributed by every State in the group. By that means prosperity, which is the object of federation, can only be achieved. Without co-operation chaos will result from the want of good citizenship. (Cheers.) I am deeply sensible of the honor you have done the toast.

The State Ministry."

Mr. S. Smith, M.L.A., in proposing this toast, spoke of the readjustment of the State Parliament of New South Wales rendered necessary by the accomplishment of federation. He recapitulated the works conducted by Sir William Lyne and his colleagues, and hoped to see renewed interest taken in shipping. He felt confident that the State Ministers, when they retired from office, would give a good account of themselves. (Cheers.)

Sir William Lyne, who was very cordially received on rising to respond, said: Mr. Chairman, and Gentlemen,—In responding to the toast, I may tell you that it is a wrench to me to leave the State Parliament, because I have represented one constituency for twenty years. The people have been good to me, and if I followed my own inclinations I would remain in the State Parliament, because there is still great work to be done there. The Government has sent troops to South Africa, stamped out the plague, dealt with the most gigantic resumption scheme ever initiated in Australia, and has carried out the Commonwealth celebrations to the satisfaction of the people of New South Wales, and, I venture to say, of the whole of Australia. (Cheers.) Having been a labourer in the Parliament of this State for many years, it will be my duty to watch over her interests as well as those of the other States. We are all of one stock; we speak the one language, and we are bound by common ties. Whatever differences we may have had in the past with regard to the Commonwealth of Australia Bill, it is the duty of every man who is not recreant to his position to act with the one desire to secure the success of the Commonwealth. (Cheers.) There must be no failure by the Commonwealth or the Ministry. (Applause.) No slur should be cast upon the Brittsh Empire, as there will be if any of the federalists of the Empire fail to do their duty. (Cheers.) I believe no Commonwealth can stand unless Parliament and the Ministry legislate according to the will of a democratic people. My views are not socialistic, but they are democratic, and unless legislation is of such a character as to enlist the sympathies of the people they will be strong enough to stop such legislation. (Applause.) If there is one thing that will help the commencement of the Commonwealth to be carried out harmoniously it will be the action of the Prime Minister in assisting his colleagues to dovetail one set of circumstances into another in connection with the different States. (Cheers.)

The toast of “ Parliament ” was proposed by Mr. J. F. Smith, and responded to by Mr. E. M. Clark, M.L.A.


Friendly Societies."



The Hon. John See (Colonial Secretary), in rising to propose this toast, was received He said: The State Government had still a great deal of work to do, and

he hoped that the Cabinet would progress with legislation to ameliorate the condition of the workers, and to produce a better relationship between capital and labour. (Cheers.) He was sorry that Sir William Lyne was leaving the State Parliament. The Government would pursue in the future the same course as it had followed in the past, and hoped to have the confidence of the present and the succeeding Parliament. Although Sir William Lyne was sacrificing much in leaving the State for the Federal Parliament, he honestly believed that there was no stronger man in the Ministry than that gentleman. He would bring to bear on the policy of the Ministry a ripe judgment, a large experience, and the confidence of the people, all of which were necessary to carry out successfully the duties of his high office. Whilst they were sorry to lose Sir William Lyne, he could do much service to New South Wales as 4 member of the House of Representatives. No institution he thought could do so much good as the Friendly Societies, and he hoped before the expiration of the present Parliament to bring in a Bill to give the relief which they so urgently desired. (Applause.) Indeed he hoped the time was approaching when they would have a federation of the Friendly Societies of Australia. (Cheers.)

The toast was most cordially received.


The Hon. E. W. O’Sullivan (Minister for Works), responding to the toast of “The Visitors,” said that the Friendly Societies had long since achieved practical federation by recognising clearance cards from brethern in the other States of the Commonwealth and Great Britain. There were, however, other Federal movements which they should carry out. Firstly, they should have a Federal Friendly Societies’ Ground on Moore Park, just as Melbourne had had for over thirty years. Secondly, they should establish a Friendly Societies’ holiday, and hold an annual procession like the Trade Unions. The bank holiday on the 1st August might be utilised for such a purpose. Thirdly, they ought to have a federated Friendly Societies’ Hall, in which delegates from all parts of the Commonwealth could meet, exchange views, and hold Federal banquets, and local gatherings. (Cheers.)


MILITARY AND NAVAL SMOKE CONCERT.

At the Town Hall the Citizens’ Committee entertained, at a grand smoke concert, the Officers and men of the Imperial Military Forces visiting Sydney, and representatives of the Royal Navy. About 1,200 persons were present, including members of the New South Wales regiments, and a number of civilians The hall was tastefully decorated with flags and bunting, and the floor was crowded with small circular tables, at which wines and other refreshments were liberally served. Around a large centre table, on which stood a silver punch-bowl, sat the Mayor of Sydney (Dr. Graham, M.L.A.) in his civic attire; Colonel Crole Wyndham, C.D., the Commandant of the visiting Imperial Forces, and several other officers; Colonel MacKenzie, representing Major-General French ; Captain Rich, R.N., representing llis Excellency the Admiral; the Right Hon. Edmund Barton, O.C. (Prime Minister of the Commonwealth) ; the Hon. Sir William Lyne (Prime Minister of New South Wales) ; the Hon. John See (Colonial Secretary) ; the Hon. F. B.    Suttor, M.L.C. (Vice-President of the    Executive Council) ; two

distinguished Chinese visitors ; Colonel Bell (ex-Consul for the United States) ; Sir George Dibbs, K.C.M.G. ; Mr. S. Hordern, and Officers of the St. George’s Rifles. The    galleries    were filled with ladies and    gentlemen.    An excellent

programme of vocal and instrumental music was carried out, the Highland Light Infantry Band playing several charming selections. Mr. J. D. Hennessey, Organising and General Secretary to the Citizens’ Committee, acted as Master of Ceremonies. During the interval several addresses were delivered.

Dr. Graham, M.L.A. (Mayor of Sydney) said: Soldiers and Sailors of the Empire,— I have been    requested    by the Committee of Citizens,    who have    organised this

entertainment    to say a    few words. It is very difficult    for one to    find words to

sufficiently express the intense pleasure which the visit of the Imperial troops has given to the people of Sydney. (Hear, hear.) Whatever city in Australia they may happen to visit, the same generous, hearty welcome as they have received here will, I feel sure, await them. (Cheers.) Australians would be a very sour, apathetic people, if the visit of the Imperial troops did not fire their imaginations with national pride. The glorious traditions of their regiments are well known to Australians. They are


recognised as having, by their deeds of valour, won for Great Britain her Empire. (Cheers.) It is hoped that when the visitors return to their comrades and friends in the Old Country, they will tell them what kind of people Australians are ; above all, that they are distinguished for pride of race. (Hear, hear.) Australia has entered upon national life, and has taken its place in the Empire through methods of peace and reason, and mutual forbearance and concession. (Hear, hear.) The wars, the trials, and the victories of Australians have been in regard to the virgin forests, and the trackless and waterless plains of the interior, and in wresting from mother earth her treasures and secrets. We are proud of it. (Cheers.) Recently, when the call came for help, Australians very willingly put on their bandoliers, raised their rifles, and leapt into their saddles to go to fight for the flag. (Hear, hear.) Many of our bravest and best men lie now side by side with the bravest and best of the British, sleeping on the African veldt their long sleep—brothers in arms, and brothers in death. The great Commander-in-Chief of the British Army, Lord Roberts, has been pleased to say that the Australian soldiers are splendid fellows. (Cheers.) We are proud of the character which Lord Roberts has given them. Bracketing the Australians with the Imperial troops, I.ord Roberts said that on the field they behaved like heroes, and elsewhere on every occasion he found them true gentlemen. Australians trust that nothing will be done to tarnish the good name which the Commander-in-Chief has given them. (Cheers.) I will take the liberty of calling upon the Right Hon. Edmund Barton to address you.


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The Right Hon. Edmund Barton, Q.C. (Prime Minister of the Commonwealth), who was greeted with loud applause, said: Mr. Mayor, and Gentlemen,—I did not know that I would be required to speak until I came into the room. The notice is too short. There ought to be a placard over my head, such as Mark Twain described as being placed behind an entertainer in an American backwoods lecture-room, reading, “ Do not shoot at the Professor; he is doing his best.” (Laughter.) It is a very great honour to be asked to speak at what I suppose is almost a farewell meeting with the representative Imperial Forces, who, by favour of our gracious Queen, have come here to grace the inauguration of Australia’s everlasting Commonwealth. (Cheers.) They, of course, do not know the struggles through which Australians have gone to achieve federation. If the hall was not so bright with colour, I could almost fancy was now addressing one of those vast audiences which gave encouragement to federationists on the eve of the great referendum. As a matter of fact, however, the English visitors present have come to mark the congratulations of the Empire on federation, to assure us that when Australians have mingled their blood with the blood of men of the United Kingdom in a common stream, they know, as Australians know, that their blood will be known by no other name than British. (Cheers.)

The Imperial troops have come to tell us that Australian soldiers are men in every sense of the word, carrying out the maxim of the Empire, “ Nobody shall touch us with impunity.” (Cheers.) The recent past has been marked by magnificent scenes of which Australia may be proud, and of which I, as a native of Sydney, may be forgiven if I feel very proud. The greatest perhaps of those scenes was the noble review of last week—(cheers)—in which over one hundred and fifty corps were represented. There have been many greater reviews within the Empire in point of numbers; but few will be found to say that there has been one review which has been more representative, or more calculated to touch every patriotic chord in the heart of the Empire. (Cheers.) Another nation has now been formed under the British flag, which the Empire recognises is an accession to it, and adds much to its general strength. Australia is not suffering, I hope, from “ swelled head,” or setting too much store upon the conduct of Australian troops in the field, or upon the spirit of the Australian people in supplying them. I do not want our expressions to be taken in that way. I want it to be understood that, without ink, and without parchment, there is a noble compact between Australia and the other parts of the Empire, to the effect that, when any part of the Empire is attacked, every nerve, sinew, and muscle will be strained in all the other parts to repel that attack. (Cheers.) Australians, without being unduly proud, ought to lay to their hearts the feeling that if they have shown that an attack upon the integrity of the Empire calls for immediate assistance, from them, they are but reciprocating a noble and generous declaration from the United Kingdom, that, in the event of an attack, to the last man, and the last shilling, Great Britain will see that Australia is preserved to the Empire. (Cheers.) However slow Australia may have been in the past to recognise some of its obligations, it will not be slow to do so hereafter. (Cheers.) However tardy our brethern at a distance may have been in learning Australia’s wants, and finding out what Australians are, they will be, I think, in the future as ready to correct their mistakes as Australians will be. (Cheers.) The result will follow that, for defence, not for aggression, there will be welded together an alliance which will welcome assistance from every nation, and can proudly say, if such assistance be refused, the British Empire can stand alone. (Cheers.)

Colonel Crole Wyndham, C.B. (Commandant of the visiting Imperial Forces), was received with great cheering. He said: Mr. Barton and Gentlemen,—I have the honour to move a vote of thanks to the Worshipful Mayor of Sydney. I will, on second thoughts, ask permission to add a little to the motion by making it a vote of thanks tendered in the name of the Imperial Representative Corps to the Mayor and Citizens of Sydney. (Cheers.) The vote is tendered in appreciation of the kindness which has accompanied every hour of our stay in this beautiful city—a kindness which is ever increasing, a kindness to which no speech of the most ready, eloquent speaker

could possibly do justice, and a kindness which the Imperial Representative Corps will never forget. (Cheers.) The corps is composite, representing many regiments and many departments of the British Army. For the moment they are all bound together like one regiment; but the time is approaching—alas, very soon—when the corps will be broken up and its units will be scattered through various garrisons. Then the Imperial Representative Corps will exist only in memory—in the memories of Australians, I trust, with some thoughts of kindness for the members of the corps, and in the memories of the soldiers who are now visiting Australia, most certainly as connected with the proudest and pleasantest periods of their lives. (Cheers. The story of their residence in Sydney will go through their scattered units, to every garrison throughout England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. (Cheers) It will be published as no newspaper report can publish it, for every “ Tommy Atkins ” pays much more attention to what his comrade tells him in the barrack-room or the canteen than he pays to anything he reads. (Hear, hear.) The details of the kindness of the Sydney people, of their hospitality, and of their welcome, will be repeated again and again with the true, although perhaps rough, eloquence of the soldier’s tongue. (Cheers.) The thousand members of the corps will form a band of a thousand missionaries, who will preach the doctrine of peace and unity between mother England and her daughter Australia with goodwill to kinsmen of the Southern Seas. (Cheers.) When the Imperial Representative Corps ceases to represent the army of England it will represent Australia in Great Britain. (Cheers.) It will bear witness to the power and the true patriotism of the daughter for the mother, and its representations will never cease so long as one of the members of the corps is left alive to tell how Sydney and New South Wales, inaugurated, on New Year’s Day, 1901, the Australian Commonwealth—(cheers;—and greeted, right royally, comrades from the Commonwealth at Home. (Great cheering.) I call upon sailors and soldiers alike to get upon their “hind legs” and give three hearty cheers, such as British Tars and British Tommies know how to give, for the Mayor and Citizens of Sydney. (Vociferous cheering.)

Sir George Dibbs, on behalf of the Citizens’ Committee, acknowledged the compliments which had been paid them.

Dr. Graham, Mayor of Sydney, returned thanks for the kind words which had been spoken of the Government and the City of Sydney.

The audience then rose cn masse and closed the proceedings by singing the National Anthern,

Commonwealth Ode


c~


HE composition of a National Ode, which it was originally intended to have set to music and sung at the inaugural ceremony, afforded an opportunity to writers of verse in Australia to present to the people of the Commonwealth in melody and rhythm an eloquent expression of the nation’s feeling. And in order that competitors might be encouraged to make a special effort to compose a suitable ode, a prize of fifty guineas was promised to the most successful writer. Three hundred contributions were received, and the merit of each composition was given the most careful and patient consideration by the judging Committee, consisting of


Mr. Justice Owen, Mr. Alexander Oliver (President of the Land Appeal Court), and Mr. E. Du Faur (President of the National Art Gallery). Mr. G. Essex Evans, who was declared to be the successful author, was born at Regent’s Park, London, on 18th June, 1863, and came to Australia early in 1881. After spending several years in farming pursuits, he joined the Government Service of Queensland, and is now District Registrar at Toowoomba. Mr. Evans has been a frequent contributor of articles, stories, and verse to the Press of Australasia. In addition to being a poet,— some of his poems having been issued by leading publishers in London—Mr. Evans g. essex evans.    wrote a prose work entitled, “The Garden


of Queensland,” which dealt with the resources, history, and development of the Darling Downs. Ten thousand copies of this work were purchased by the Government for distribution abroad.

PRIZE ODE.

Awake ! Arise ! The wings of dawn Are beating at the Gates of Day !

The morning star hath been withdrawn,

The silver vapours melt away !

Rise royally, O Sun, and crown

The shoreward billow, streaming white, The forelands, and the mountains brown, With crested light;

Flood with soft beams the valleys wide,

The mighty plains, the desert sand,

Till the New Day hath won for bride This Austral land !

Free-born of Nations, Virgin white,

Not won by blood, nor ringed with steel, Thy throne is on a loftier height, Deep-rooted in the Commonweal O Thou, for whom the strong have wrought, And poets sung with souls aflame,

Born of long hope and patient thought,

A mighty name—

We pledge thee faith that shall not swerve, Our Land, Our Lady, breathing high The thought that makes it love to serve And life to die 1

Now are thy maidens linked in love

Who erst have striven for pride of place ; Lifted all meaner thoughts above,

They greet thee, one in heart and race ; She, in whose sunlit coves of peace The navies of the World may rest,

And bear her wealth of snowy fleece, Northward and West.

And She, whose corn and rock-hewn gold Built that Queen City of the South,

Where the lone billow swept of old Her harbour-mouth.

Come, too, thou Sun-maid, in whose veins Forever burns the tropic fire—

Whose cattle roam a thousand plains— Come, with thy gold and pearls for tire ; And that sweet Harvester who twines The tender vine and binds the sheaf—

And She, the Western Queen, who mines The desert reef—

And Thou, against whose flowery throne And orchards green the wave is hurled— Australia claims you ; Ye are one Before the World !

Crown Her—most worthy to be praised— With eyes uplifted to the morn ;

For on this day a flag is raised,

A triumph won, a nation born !

And Ye, vast Army of the Dead,

From mine and city, plain and sea,

Who fought, and dared, who toiled and bled, That this might be—

Draw round us in this hour of fate—-This golden harvest of your hand—

With unseen lips, O consecrate And bless the land 1

Eternal Power, Benign, Supreme,

Who weigh’st the nations upon earth ! Without whose aid the Empire-dream And pride of States is nothing worth— From shameless speech, and vengeful deed From license veiled in freedom’s name, From greed of gold, and scorn of creed, Guard Thou our fame !

In stress of days, that yet may be,

When hope shall rest upon the sword,

In Welfare and Adversity,

Be with us, Lord !

The Decorations.


"u-p-

T is only on occasions to mark an epoch in the history of our civilisation and advancement, like that of the birth of a nation or the commemoration of some great national event, that an opportunity is given to the cities of the earth to put on their gayest attire. Such an opportunity was afforded to the people of Australia in the inauguration of the Commonwealth. Never before did the great capital of the mother State present to the people of the Australian continent so entrancing a spectacle, with her merchant palaces, public buildings, and streets, transformed into one grand festal scene; nor can it be imagined that the world has ever seen in any of her stately cities a carnival of similar magnitude more animating and inspiring.

Not only were the decorations which enveloped the prominent public edifices and the thoroughfares of the city exhilarating and beautiful, but the displays were so complete and alluring as to demonstrate the wonders of art and mechanical skill, and their brilliance must have left a lasting impression upon the minds of all beholders.

Nor were these symbols of art and mechanical ingenuity confined alone to the streets of the metropolis and offices of State. Every conspicuous building, whether a private residence, a warehouse, or other institution, was a marvel of spectacular beauty ; while the flagstaffs and street standards of the city were

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

266



lavishly ornamented with a variety of Hags and bunting. Each Department of the State whose offices had some prominence in the public gaze was handsomely decorated bv a committee of its own staff, while the Government Decorations and Illuminations’ Committee, in conjunction with the Citizens’ Committee, attended to the dressing of the principal roadways, parks, gardens, and other places of interest.


THE GENERAL POST OFFICE.

To commence with a description of the General Post Office, it recalls a sight which by day compelled the attraction of the people, and at night was the cynosure of all eyes. This magnificent building, stretching as it did from block to block, offered an excellent field for the successful display of the art and skill of the decorator.

Across the entire facade, in large 12 feet letters, composed of incandescent lights, on a scintillating silver background, was written, “ Welcome to our Governor-General,” while, at a reasonable distance below, in effulgent splendour, shone the words “ God Save the Oueen.”

A statue of Her Majesty, which occupies a conspicuous position over the main entrance, was gracefully draped and suffused with light. Above this statue was a large map, 60 feet x 40 feet, showing the federated States, and bearing across its front the word “ United.” A chain of electric light globes of variegated colours encircled the tower, while from the summit to the corners of the building cables of glow lamps streamed out lights profusely. The full outline of the colossal structure was neatly picked out with stars interlaced with shimmering lights. Flags fluttered plentifully from the many mastheads projecting from the tower, and appropriately consummated a magnificent picture.

THE TOWN HALE

The unique position of the Town Hall in the heart of the city, fronting the widest portion of George-street, with St. Andrew’s Cathedral on its right, and the massive Victoria Markets on its left, afforded an uninterrupted view of its picturesque adornments. The Authorities were determined to ornament the magnificent architecture of the home of the civic fathers in a manner becoming the occasion, and on the most attractive scale. The outlines of this stately building were deftly etched out with electric lights; the words, “One People, One Destiny,” gleaming in large letters from the tower. Innumerable streamers of resplendent hue, measuring in some instances 200 feet, fluttered out in dignified grandeur from its heights. The pilasters were gaily decked with a thousand flags of variegated designs.

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Sheaves of wheat and barley stood out in bold contrast to a background of reddish colour over the archways, while the lamp-posts surrounding the porch, and a number of Venetian masts, neatly arranged in the foreground, bearing an assortment of flags, were richly draped in the colours of Lord Hopetoun. The iron railings surrounding the grounds were tastefully dressed with festoons of red, white, and blue. (See p. 161.)

The very elaborate decorations of the pile of buildings occupied by the Department of Lands and Mines were designed by Mr. E. L. Drew, an officer of the Public Works Department.



The palatial edifice afforded an opportunity for the most extensive decorations, no less than three of its sides being exposed to the view of the processionists. On the Bridge-street front were countless national trophies of different designs, with mottoes and bunting in red, white, and blue, amid which stood out in admirable grandeur the inscription, “ God bless the Commonwealth of Australia.” Over the main entrance were eight ensigns, representing Great Britain, America, Germany, France, Austria, Russia, Denmark, and Italy. These were artistically connected by shields bearing their names. A similar number of symbols unfolded themselves from the dome, on the cupola of which was displayed a specially painted canvas designed to represent the Union Jack. Bannerettes of numerous shapes hung out from the balustrading round the four sides of the building.

On the Gresham-street front were six shields flanked by trophies representing the six federating Colonies of Australia; each Colony had its own distinguishing shield. Below these shields and trophies waved an abundance of ensigns over the motto, “ Union is Strength,” stretching the whole length of the building. Coloured drapery and festoonery were prominent in the adornments. The lower part of this front beamed with the colours of blue and gold, surrounding the words, “ Welcome to Lord Hopetoun.”

On the Bent-street front were numerous shields, flags, and Venetian trophies, with an extensive supply of greenery in which was nestled the prayerful phrase, “ God Bless our Queen.” These shields bore the names of the various dependencies of Great Britain in Asia, Europe, Africa, and America.

The view of these fine offices from Loftus street was alike enchanting, while from the tower, which ranks second to none in the southern hemisphere, suspended heavy festoons of parti-coloured flags of different nations. From the


archways below the clock streamed attractive ensigns, some of them 25 feet long. Gleaming strings of burgees connected the corners of the tower to the corners of the building. The tower, which at night was lighted with particoloured search-lights, from its summit to its base was garlanded with festoons of drapery in the British colours—red, white, and blue. Besides artificial flora, about 2,000 plants from the State nurseries enhanced the beauty of the display, some of the palms and plants reaching an altitude of 15 feet. The outlines of the building were picked out with electric light fittings and glow lamps, finely depicting its splendid proportions.

% • •

THE CUSTOMS HOUSE.

The Customs House, which ranks first in architecture among the gigantic warehouses and other buildings, forming a magnificent frontispiece to Circular Quay, presented a memorable picture. At the top of the front elevation, and along the balustrading, in full view of the thousands of passengers using the ferries, stood the noble inscription, “ One People, One Destiny, One Flag.” The parapet was surmounted by a huge representation of the Australian Coat-of-Arms, above which a blue flag and red pennant fluttered in the breeze. Flanking the coat-of-arms, framed in greenery, were a representation of the Australian flag, and of the Union Jack. The word “ United,” in large letters, glittered high on the face of the building. The cornice was richly interlaced with green festoonery, and the facade garnished with colours of red, white, and blue.

On the face of the next storey stood a colossal representation of the Royal Standard, surrounded by shields representing the States in the Commonwealth. A number of burrawang plants and palms, springing from pots and tubs, in conspicious places, lent an air of romance to the scene. The blue and gold draping of the flower pots and tubs and other decorations were carried down to the next storey. In the front of the building the large Imperial Coat-of-Arms, richly ornamented and flanked by the Australian ensign and Union Jack, shone out with majestic brightness above the fine granite pillars, which were gaily intertwined with strings of festoonery. On the eastern wing, over an anchor and

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

a life-buoy, the eye saw, “ A.D., 1788,’' and on the western wings “ A.D., 1901.” These wings bore the representations of a harp and lion, tastefully dressed with flags.

THE COLONIAL SECRETARY’S AND THE PUBLIC WORKS

OFFICES.

The stately structure, in which are located the offices of the Colonial Secretary and the Public Works Department afforded splendid advantages for displaying decorations. Three fronts of the building were festooned in colours of red, white, and blue, and a chainwork of coloured lamps running right around the building illuminated them at night. This dazzling and picturesque display was made up of 875 incandescent lights.

Around the flagpole on the dome stood a huge crowm, 16 feet high, of electric lights, which, from its eminence, overlooking the whole of the city, and visible for miles into the suburbs, seemed to raise itself in majestic splendor over this unprecedented feast of light.

THE TREASURY.

The decorations of the Treasury Buildings were planned, not so much to please the eye by day as to present an effective and enchanting display at night.

The devices for the illuminations consisted of a row of incandescent lamps along the cornice and encircling the window frames, while from the parapet streamed many handsome flags. The front and southern side wras gaily decked with flags and bunting, and presented a neat artistic picture.

THE SUPREME COURT.

The antique pile of buildings of the Supreme Court in King-street was embellished with illuminations of an exceptional kind. Six large Maltese crosses, 8 feet x 6 feet, composed of coloured lights, and embracing the medallion portraits of Sir Francis Forbes, Sir James Dowling, Sir Alfred Stephen, Sir James Martin, Sir Frederick Darley, and Sir Samuel Griffith—all of whom have occupied leading positions in the Judiciary—were particularly attractive, and evoked the praises of the spectators.

THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

The Government Printing Office may be said to have been a decided factor in the great success which attended the celebrations. With its myraid of agencies taxed to their utmost during the preparations for the various displays, and its large staff at work day and night, there was little time at their command to attend to its adornment.

The mammoth structure, however, was encircled in one continuous chain of variegated prismatic lamps, presenting an attractive appearance by day, and affording a most entrancing spectacle at night. Around the parapet, and tracing the window openings, were chains of small prismatic crystal lights, backed by star reflectors. The central figure consisted of a “ Wreath of Fame,” which had a diamond of 30 feet, and embraced a representation of a laurel wreath. At night, with the aid of miniature gas-jets, the picture presented was superb. Extending from the wreath to the circle were the letters “ A.M.C.” in the centre-—the initials of the Army Medical Corps of New South Wales. On the right of this lettering appeared the name of Dr. Williams and on the left that of Dr. Fiaschi, both of whom had rendered distinguished sendees in the South African war. In the centre wreath the words ‘‘We’ll not forget you” stood out in bold array. Beneath the name of Dr. Williams was written “ Australian Horse, Bushies, and Imperial Bushmen,” while beneath that of Dr. Fiaschi “ Lancers, Mounted Rifles, and Mounted Infantry.” At the foot of these inscriptions, and extending the full width of the wreath, were the words “ Our War Correspondents.” These mottoes were all flanked by devices of prismatic lamps, surrounding transparencies of Lord Roberts and Major-General Baden-Powell.

Adjoining the Government Printing Office was the building of the Free Public Library, which was festooned in orange and blue coloured prismatic lamps, with a large crystal crown and the letters “V.R.” over the main doorway. This was one of the most tastefully decorated edifices in coloured lights.

PARLIAMENT HOUSE.

The lower portion of this building-, which has ever been the home of the Legislature of the mother State, was obscured by the lofty terraces of seats, which had been erected to give parliamentarians and their officials a view of the procession. These seats extended the full length of the building, and absorbed the large ground space inside the railings. Notwithstanding this disadvantage, the outlines of the antique edifice were handsomely decorated. On each side of the central design of a crystal crown, and the letters “V.R.” were picturesque trophies and ensigns of red, white, and blue, tastefully draped so as to display the colours of the Union Jack. The row of coloumns supporting the balcony were ornamented with double festoons of blue and gold. Along the front of the building, and running up through the terraces of seats, were many Venetian masts embellished with variegated ribbons, fluttering silken banners, generously placed at the service of the Government by the Consuls of the various nations.

THE MINT.

The quaint-looking building in Macquarie-street, which has for many years conducted the coinage of the State, may be looked upon as one of the landmarks of old Sydney. Standing within a spacious enclosure, and at a considerable distance from the street, it gave the illuminations an unequalled opportunity of being viewed. The principal device, which was particularly appropriate, represented the obverse and reverse of a sovereign piece, designed in Brobdingnagian proportions, the discs measuring 12 feet in diameter. The Queen’s head and figure of St. George were very creditable pieces of workmanship, as also were the Royal Coat of Arms and Australian Coat of Arms. At night these representations reflected a gorgeous sight, and were much admired.

The Crown Lands Offices, the Public Instruction Department, and other public buildings all beamed with flags and bunting, which presented a highly attractive sight by day, and, with incandescent lamps and artistically arranged electric light devices, contributed much to the splendid exhibitions at night.

275


I


INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

Warehouses, private residences, and other buildings were gaily dressed for the occasion with variegated colours representing different races and nationalities. Those deserving of mention are innumerable, but among the most prominent in their displays were the following:—

THE ROYAL EXCHANGE.

The decorations of this fine building were carried out by the members of that corporation. Their primary object was to illustrate the importance of Sydney, the fourth trading city of the Empire, as a marine port; nor did their efforts fail to achieve a display which was not only creditable to the Committee,



but befitting the purpose in view. Lines of flags, representative of every shipping company trading to the port, were suspended across the streets. These flags were uniform in size, measuring g ft. x 4 ft 6 in., and hung in orderly succession from the parapet of the building to three distinct points in different directions across Pitt-street, Gresham-street, and Bridge-street. High in the air above the dome fluttered a St. George’s ensign, 18 feet long. From the foot of the dome to two corners of the building was a set piece in flags, which persons versed in Marryat’s code interpreted as “Welcome to Australia.” The Union Jack, supported on each side by the flags of Ireland, Scotland, India, Canada, South Africa, and Australia, conspicuously adorned the windows of the fourth storey. Transparencies of the same flags deftly arranged underneath added appreciably to the scene at night. In bold transparent letters the words, “A United Empire” spanned the main entrance, having on one side, in smaller translucent lettering, “Ships, Colonies, Commerce,” and on the other “Freedom, Civilisation, Peace.” In the centre of the third storey a magnificent transparency, 18 feet by 14 feet, presented an admirable allegorical picture of “The Old Queen” and “The Young Queen.” The “Young Queen,” dressed in mail corset, sword in hand, and with spurred heel, knelt at the feet of the “ Old Queen,” who was proffering to her daughter a laurel wreath. The Southern Ocean, with the rising sun of the Commonwealth on the horizon, formed an appropriate background to this superb production. On either side were smaller transparencies with quotations from Rudyard Kipling’s Commonwealth poem —

“And the young Queen out of the southland kneeled down at the old Queen’s knee,

And asked for a mother’s blessing on the excellent years to be.”

Over the main entrance, emblazoned on a huge transparency, with the rising sun underneath, shone the word “Commonwealth” in glittering effulgence, while spanning the smaller doors on the right and left were the inscriptions “New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania,” and “ Victoria, South Australia, West Australia.” The surrounding edifices were embowered in bunting, flora, flags, bannerettes, and streamers, and formed a laudable chain of satellites around this majestic display.

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.



DAILY TELEGRAPH OFFICE.



The office of the Daily Telegraph presented a sight which was the cynosure of all eyes. On all occasions of public rejoicing this magnificent building affords a creditable display, but the illuminations during the celebrations transcended anything which had been attempted before. Across the entire front of the building was a magnificent map of the Continent of Australia, with Tasmania in her position underneath, the outlines of which were deftly picked out with a double row of coloured lights. The dividing lines of the different Colonies, which have for nearly half a century disfigured the map of Australia, were obliterated, and in their stead, extending from one end of the Continent to the other, the words “Commonwealth of Australia” stood out in gorgeous splendour. This brilliant and unostentatious picture evoked the admiration of the great mass of persons who viewed it.

SYDNEY MORNING HERALD OFFICE.



(toA


At the Sydney Morning Herald office a display was made which was generally recognised to be a worthy one, and in keeping with the fine appearance of the contiguous American arch. On the Pitt-street frontage, different coloured ribbons were carried from window to window in loops at the third storey level. Lower down, shields of the various federating States were hung out on the walls, supported by flags on each side. Drapings of royal blue were carried in loops from window to wfindow. “Success to United Australia” and “God Save the Queen” appeared in blue letters on a white ground on the first floor level, the inscriptions being at suitable distances apart. The ground floor frontage was mainly decorated with ropes of foliage in scolloped form with shield and flag trophies here and there and wreaths of greenery. On the corner frontage, the first and second floor windows were entirely covered with a large pink-tinted map of Australia set in a turquoise ocean fringed with foam. The words “One People, One Destiny” were written across the map. Flags were prettily

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.

278


disposed around the edges of the design, and drapings of the Governor-General’s colours were to be seen below it. Over the floor was a shield bearing the Royal quarterings, encircled with flags ornamentally draped. Ropes of greenery were carried across the ground floor frontage, on which were hung in appropriate positions numerous bannerettes and wreaths. On the O’Connell-street frontage the dressing of the establishment was similar to that in Pitt-street. There were five shields of the various States shown, supported by draped flags. The Hopetoun colours were much in evidence in festoons, and many ropes of foliage, wreaths of the same material, and a wealth of coloured ribbons looped from window to window.

EVENING NEWS AND TOWN AND COUNTRY JOURNAL

OFFICES.

The proprietors of the Evening Neivs and the 'Town and Country Journal are always to the fore in the manner of decorating their premises upon occasions of public festivity or rejoicing. It was only to be expected, therefore, that the decoration of these offices would, on such an occasion as the birth of an Australian nation, be carried out upon a scale eclipsing anything previously attempted. That this was the case was evident to all who had been in the vicinity of the building during the festivities. The great facade fronting Market-street was decked out on an enormous scale, yet in a thoroughly artistic manner. In the centre of the building was an immense oil painting, 30 feet square, of an allegorical group, in which the Commonwealth of Australia, represented by the figure of a young woman, stood holding in the hollow of one arm the Australian flag, while the other hand, uplifted, supported a group of coloured electric lights, emblematic of the six States. On either side were the lion and the kangaroo, and shields bearing the national emblems of the Old and the New Britannia, while the whole picture, draped in patriotic colours, was surmounted by an immense golden crown. The figure of Australia was 21 feet high, Beneath the main group were large oil paintings of Her Majesty the Queen.

His Excellency the Governor-General and Lady Hopetoun, each of which was also draped in red, white, and blue. The remainder of the decorations was made up of smaller shields, representative of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, West Australia, Queensland, and Tasmania, and of general drapings in various hues. The whole of the decorations were fitted throughout with incandescent electric lights, so that their effect at night-time would be even more brilliant than during the day.

AUSTRALIAN STAR OFFICE.

When at a late hour the office of the Australian Star was illuminated, and beautified the eastern extremity of the most brilliant avenue in Sydney, viz., from George-street to Castlereagh-street, along Martin-place and Moore-street, the effect was bewilderingly beautiful.

A myriad of electric globes shed parti-coloured lights from intricate revolving designs. In the centre there were two elaborate stars, one over-lapping the other; and as they revolved in opposite directions their brilliancy dazzled the eyes of the spectators. The illumination of the office as a whole was largely dependent for any imposing features which it possessed upon two colossal columns, which reared on each side of the front view. These massive revolving columns were certainly unique, and the varied colours of the globes, the brilliancy lent by silvered decorations, and the unceasing revolutions, made the spectacle entrancing and fairy-like in beauty.

The mottoes were “Advance Australia” and “Rule Britannia,” and the lights forming the letters being in repose, stood out conspicuously among the perpetually moving designs. Above the top cornices two star designs, studded with lights, flanked the now well-known decoration on which the name of the newspaper was emblazoned. Festooned lights on the higher elevation formed an added spectacle.

The vast crowds appeared to consider the sight one of the finest in the city.

THE RAILWAY STATION.

The Railway Department, which had already contributed in many ways to the Celebrations, decorated and illuminated the Station at Redfern in a manner as creditable in its artistic achievement as it was attractive and beautiful.

The vivacity with which a central Railway Station of a large city becomes animated each day affords at all times an interesting sight, while the shimmering

sparks from the locomotives and coloured signal lights give a bewitching scene at night. But the display at Redfern Station during the illuminations was unprecedented.

At each side of the principal railway gate was a large tower, standing like a sentinel on guard, deftly ornamented with bunting and bannerettes, while on the apex rested large globes for electric light. Between the towers ran

numerous overhead electric tram-wires, whose flickering sparks coursed onward to a more dazzling scene. The illumination of the whole of the Station buildings was in itself a demonstration of illuminating art and mechanical skill. Myriads of electric lights and coloured globes shone out with marvellous brilliancy, and marked in admirable splendour the entire frontage of the historic structure. At the front of the Station was to be seen the novel picture of a gorgeous fernery, handsomely decorated with electric lights, and to the many spectators was as fascinating as the display itself was unique.

THE FIRE BRIGADE STATION.

The staff of the head-quarters and other stations of the Metropolitan hire Brigade, which at all times present interesting sights, made a special effort to outstrip all previous attempts at spectacular displays. Here were to be seen some of the finest ornamentations in the city. Figures of the Queen and the late Prince Consort, the late Sir Henry Parkes, and other celebrities formed striking and pleasing features. Mottoes, in silver mounting on a dark blue ground, such as “One People, One Destiny,” and “Strength Inited is Stronger,” shone out with dazzling brilliancy amid a cluster of drapings and transparencies.

The walls of the head-quarters buildings, in which stood two large fire engines, were profusely dappled with a medley of Japanese war gear and classic helmets, and other accoutrements of firemen glittering with their accustomed brightness.

The decorations were such as to fully justify the action of the Government in granting a subsidy towards the execution of the work by Superintendent Webb and his officers. The view amply rewarded the thousands of persons who spared the time to inspect the building in Castlereagh-street.

For a considerable distance along the principal thoroughfares leading to the suburbs, shops and dwellings were lavishly ornamented with devices of the most ingenious kind. In the public parks and recreation grounds the statues of men


who have left their names upon the scroll of fame were tastefully ornamented. No distinguished public man living or dead who had lent his advocacy to the movement of Federation had been forgotten. The statue of the late Sir Henry Parkes, the father of Federation, in Centennial Park, in sight of the Swearing-in Pavilion, was encircled with a huge laurel wreath, from which fluttered white satin streamers, bearing in large letters of gold the deserved inscription, Honour to whom honour is due.”

Moreover, the Government had taken special care to have the tomb of the veteran statesman at Faulconbridge, on the Blue Mountains, renovated and decorated with laurel wreaths and flowers.

Many suggestions had been made to the Government through the Press and by other means as to the best mode of commemorating the name of this great man, clearly demonstrating that in the march of events which marked an epoch in Australian history the services of the statesmen of the past were not forgotten, but were ever cherished by a free and grateful people.

At the Macquarie-street entrance to the Domain, where stands the imposing statue of Governor Burke, the finest device of all was presented. This took the form of the design of the South African cross w'hich it w'as intended to give to the Australian soldiers fighting in the Transvaal, and the electric lighting in colours of bronze, silver, and gold made the display entirely novel and beautiful.

INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.

283


HARBOUR DECORATIONS.

The decoration and illumination of Sydney Harbour presented a beautiful sight. On the one side, surrounded for the most part by a natural verdure and arborescent shrubbery and the beautiful gardens of magnificent mansions, and on the other with the more subdued aspect of a shipping port crowded with vessels lying at anchor or discharging their cargo at the wharves, the facilities for its decoration were exceptionally good.

WARSHIPS ILLUMINATED.

The shipping companies unstintingly dressed the vessels in their charge with flags and bunting, and in many cases with coloured globes for electric light. Everything seemed to suggest the advent of an epoch in Australian history, the view at night forming the most imposing spectacle the harbour has ever produced. The warships of the Australian Squadron were gorgeously decked with streamers and a variety of flags during the day, and at night sprang into a blaze of beautiful light. Masts on each side were entwined in chains of light, and at the yard of the foremast on the flagship the Admiral’s ensign was effectively exhibited in coloured lights. Coursing round the funnels of the “Royal Arthur” was a spiral chain of lights, while the hull was brilliantly picked out with illuminations.

Of the vessels lying at anchor on the eastern side of Circular Quay the Orient liner “ Ortona ” appeared in refulgent splendour. From the bow to the foremast was an array of light which extended to the mainmast and down to the stern. On the port beam the words “Advance Australia” shone out in large letters of light.


The French mail steamer “Pacifique” contributed considerably to the scene. Conspicuous among her illuminations was an anchor writh the large initials “M.M.” swinging hiyh amidships, and the motto “ Success to Australia.”

The P. and O. Company’s steamer, the “ Rome,” had a row of lights running from the stem and connecting with the mastheads to the stern of the vessel, producing a particularly striking and unostentatious display.


On the western side of the Quay the immense proportions of the mammoth liner “Grosser Kurfurst ” stood out in attractive grandeur amid a cluster of island-going vessels and ferry steamers. The contour of the ship was artistically picked out with a line of electric lights running over the tops of the masts from stem to stern. There were also two rows of light depending from the top of each mast to the top decks, while the full length of the palatial vessel was picturesquely illuminated with three lines of coloured lights.

Innumerable other steamers and small craft were gaily ornamented for the occasion with electric light and other attractive fittings. The E and A. Company’s new vessel “ Eastern ” was most artistically dressed with light from end to end. These illuminations were carried along the railing on each side and up the masts, thence down the cut-water bow to the water-line. The “ Dalhousie,” which conveyed the visiting Indian troops to the Federal festivities, added to the scene with lighting devices, and presented a view of sparkling brdliancy.


Among the many distinguished liners and ships of war gracing the Harbour at this marine festival was the Austrian warship “ Leopard,” which made a visit to the port to do honour to the Commonwealth.

A RETROSPECT.

A brief reference to what was regarded as a very important event in the history of Australia nearly a century ago—by way of contrast with the events which are herein enumerated—may be of interest. The official publication of the day, 7he Sydney Gazette and Neiv South Wales Advertiser, under date Saturday, 14th July, 1821, contains an account of the general illumination of Sydney in honour of the safe return of Governor Macquarie from a Vice-regal visit to Van Diemen’s Land, of which he was Governor-in-Chief. Following upon the incidents relating to the sea voyage from Hobart to Port Jackson, the report says:—

A general illumination in the evening took place. Macquarie-street was brilliantly lighted up. Bourke Square shone forth with resplendency. The residences of the most distinguished individuals displayed their testimonials of rejoicing by exhibiting one continued blaze of light. The humble cottager became ambitious of entering the list with the proud and liberal merchant in evincing fond attachment to the beloved personage whose return to the seat of Government they were thus blessed with an opportunity of commemorating. To particularise, where the transaction is general, is not altogether an easy task; but upon the present occasion it is somewhat gratifying. Most of the public offices, as well as the bank, contributed their share of remembrance and regard. The residences of His Honor the Judge Advocate, Simeon Lord, and Thomas Macvitie, Esquires, were particularly conspicious. The mercantile house of Jones, Riley, and Walker, and the town residences of Sir John Jamieson, and D’Arcy Wentworth, Esquire, were profusely lighted. Pitt-street, Castlereagh-street, Phillip-street, and York-street looked extremely well. The lower end of George-street, however, seemed to eclipse (if possible) all the ingenuity of a grateful and joyous public. The buildings that afforded general satisfaction and engrossed all attention were those of Mr. James and Mr. Joseph Underwood. These houses, it is well known, are everyway adapted, from abundance of spacious windows, to an illumination. Wax tapers obtruded themselves to public view from almost every pane of glass, and shone with a clearness emblematical of the sincerity of the proprietors. Mr. Harper, of George-street, had engaged a few days before with Air. Read, junior, the artist, to prepare for the auspicious event a representation (at length) of His Excellency the Governor-in-Chief, which he had succeeded fortunately in timely accomplishing. From general observation and public opinion, we feel pleasure in stating that the transparency was tolerably well-executed, so much so as to enable the beholder who had once seen the original to immediately recognise our respected and paternal Governor. Air. Joseph Underwood, with his usual distinguished liberality, had his house thrown open for general accommodation, the motto appearing to be, “ Open to all parties,” which we rejoice in stating was decidedly but one. Were we to attempt a further description of the feelings that were manifested on the occasion, it would be considered feeble and almost unnecessary, the joy and satisfaction being general. All classes combined to evince their attachment to His Excellency and family, whose third landing in New South Wales is so peculiarly grateful to the inhabitants of Australia.—Alay she ever flourish!


286    COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.


THE FIRST AUSTRALIAN MINISTRY UNDER RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT, 1856.

Appendices.

ODE TO THE COMMONWEALTH.

Written by Hugh MacDonald, M.L.A., and specially set to music for the Highland Society's Concert by Mr. Alfred IIii.l.

Ring out! Ring out ! the People's voice in accents loud and bold ! ' Let it be writ all joyously in characters of gold !

All Hail ! All hail ! the new-born Power upon the Southern Sea,

United Australasia,—Palladium of the Free !

Thy birth is on the natal day of Centuries and Years,

Glad-cradled in the lap of Hope, devoid of craven fears:

For new-born Power this the Hour, uplift the People’s Voice,

Brave greeting to The Commonwealth ! rejoice! rejoice! rejoice!

Thus let us ring the New Year in, and bid the Old farewell !

Our disunited Stories give History naught to tell Of battles fought for Country’s sake or patriotic stand,

But the mighty wings of F'mpire are spreading o’er the land !

\Ve feel the pulse of Nationhood to which our life has grown,

Its throbbing beats responsive to the Heart-blood of the Throne ;

Thus welcome we the Envoy of our Gracious Noble Queen,

First Viceroy of Her Majesty this Austral Land has seen.

The Southern Cross shines brightly from its vantage in the sky,

Now raise the Standard, Hopetoun, let its colours wave on high !

Speak the Royal Message to the blushing Southern Nation,

With Imperial gold and purple clothe Australian Federation !

True Bond of British Brotherhood,—Imperial Federation !

Mark another Hundred on the great centennial roll

Of years whose impress has been stamp’d on Time’s eventful scroll;

The Past we cannot conjure back, the Future is not ours,

Of Time we can but claim To-day, a few brief fleeting hours;

Yet have we Now a virtue to be proud of and to boast,

A loyal love of Motherland within her sea-girt coast!

Our Sons have been baptised for her in baptism of fire,

And courage, warm’d ’neath Southern sky, proves true to Northern Sire. This is our boast, nor heed we thdtse who at our boasting sneer,

That we are worthy of the Race whose valour knows not fear!

O favoured Power, prophetic Hour, ring out the People’s Voice,

Brave greeting to The Commonwealth ! Rejoice ! Rejoice ! ! Rejoice ! ! !

O Lord of Hosts, Almighty Power,

The God whom Worlds Adore,

We ask Thy blessing in this hour,

0 shield us evermore !



Hon. F. B. SUTTOR, M.L.C., Chairman, Organising Committer.




J. J. KEENAN,

Secretary, Organising Committee.


INAUGURAL CELEBRATIONS.


ORGANISING COMMITTEE.

Hon. F. B. Suttor, M.L.C., Vice-President of the Executive Council (Chairman) Cabinet Ministers, ex officio

Hon. Sir John Lackey, President oi Legislative Council Hon. W. McCourt, Esq , M.P., Speaker

Hon. W. J. Trickett, M.L.C., Chairman of Committees, Legislative Council

J. H. Cann, Esq., Chairman of Committees, Legislative Assembly

Hon. H. N. MacLaurin, M.D., LLD., M.L.C., Chancellor of Sydney University

Sir Matthew Harris, Kt., M.P., Mayor of Sydney

R. Critchett Walker, Esq., C.M.G., Principal Under Secretary

F.    Kirkpatrick, Esq., J.P., Undersecretary for Finance and Trade Hugh Pollock, Esq., Secretary to Attorney-General

H. A. G. Curry, Esq., Under Secretary for Lands

R.    R. P. Hickson, Esq., M. Inst. C.E., J.P., Under Secretary for Public Works J. C. Maynard, Esq., J.P., Under Secretary for Public Instruction

George Miller, Esq., J.P., Under Secretary of Justice

S.    H. Lambton, Esq., J.P., Deputy Postmaster-General

D.    C. McLachlan, Esq., J.P., Under Secretary for Mines and Agriculture Edmund Barton, Esq., Q.C.

R. E. O’Connor, Esq., Q.C.

Samuel Cook, Esq. {Sydney Morning Herald)

G.    S. Fairfax, Esq. {Sydney Morning Herald)

Major J. Randal Carey (Daily Telegraph)

Frank Bennett, Esq. (Evening News)

J. M. Sanders, Esq. (Australian Star)

G. J. Cohen, Esq. (Commerce Committee)

Henry Gorman, Esq. (Commerce Committee)

F.    W. Jackson. Esq. (Union Steamship Company)

Alexander Martin, F.sq. (Commerce Committee)

W. McMillan, Esq. (Commerce Committee)

11. Pateson, Esq. (Commerce Committee)

Major Rennie (Mutual Life of New York Assurance Company, Limited)

R. Teece, Esq. (Australian Mutual Provident Insurance Society)

W. Wood, Esq. (Commerce Committee)

Major-General French (Military Sectional Committee)

Hon. If. C. Dangar, M.L.C. (Horse Racing Committee)

E.    Du Faur, Esq. (Decoration anti Illumination Committee)

J. Russell French, Esq., General Manager, Bank of New South Wales W. H. Palmer, Esq. (Aquatic Display Committee)

E.    S. Marks, Esq. (Athletics Committee)

J. Buchanan, Esq. (Cycling Committee)

G.    Rivers Allpress, Esq. (Musical Committee)

Charles Bown, F.sq. (Fire Brigades Board)

J. C. Williamson, Esq. (Theatricals)

T.    J. Iredale, Esq. (New South Wales Friendly Societies’ Association)

T. H. Thrower, Esq (Sydney Labour Council)


F.    Bridges, Esq., Chief Inspector of Schools P. H. Morton, Esq. (Commerce Committee)

Monsignor O’Brien

A. G. Milson, Esq. (Aquatic Committee)

T. A. Dibbs, F.sq., General Manager, Commercial Banking Company of Sydney j. T. Toohey, Esq. (Commerce Committee)


Samuel Horden, Esq. (Commerce Committee)

E. Fosbery, Esq., Inspector-General of Police

W. L. Vernon, Esq., Government Architect

John Portus, Esq. (General Secretary for the Celebrations)

J. J. Keenan, Esq. (Secretary, Organising Committee)

RECEPTION AND ENTERTAINMENT COMMITTEE.



His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor and Commander-in-Chief. The Premier and Members of the Ministry.

The Legislative Council.

Bowker, The Hon. R. R. S., M.D., M.R.C.P.

McCaughey, The Hon. S. Meagher, The Hon. John Moses, The Hon. Henry Norton, The Hon. James, LL.D. Pigott, The Hon. W. H. Renwick, The Hon. Sir A., Kt. Roberts, The Hon. R. H. Thornton, The Hon. George Toohey, The Hon. J. T.

Walker, The Hon. W.

Want, The Hon. J. H., Q.C. Watson, The Hon. James


Brown, The Hon. Alexander Campbell, The Hon. W. R.

Charles, The Hon. S.

Cox, The Hon. G. H.

Cullen, The Hon. W. P., LL.D.

Dalton, The Hon. T.

Garran, The Hon. A , LL.D.

Gould, The Hon. A. J.

Heydon, The Hon. L. F.

Hill, The Hon. W. C.

Hughes, The Hon. John Humphery, The Hon. F. T.

Jones, The Hon. R.

Kater, The Hon. H. E.

King, The Hon. P. G.

Hogue, J. A., Esq. Hughes, W. M., Esq. Hurley, W. F., Esq. Kidd, John, Esq.

Lee, C. A., Esq.

Lees, S. E., Esq.

Levien, R. H., Esq. McDonald, H., Esq. McGowen, J. S. T., Esq McFarlane, J., Esq. Mahony, W. H., Esq. Meagher, R. D., Esq. Millard, W., Esq. Moore, S. W., Esq. Morgan, W., Esq. Nelson, A. D., Esq. Newman, H. W., Esq. Price, R. A., Esq.

Rose, Thomas, Esq. Ross, Dr. A.

Ross, H., Esq.

Sawers, W., Esq.

Terry, E., Esq. Thomson, Dugald, Esq. Waddell, T., Esq. Whiddon, S. T., Esq. Willis, W. N., Esq. Wright, F. A., Esq. Young, The Hon. J. II.


Abbott, Sir J. P., K.C.M.G. Affleck, W., Esq.

Archer, W., Esq.

Ashton, J., Esq.

Barnes, j. F., Esq.

Brunker, J. N., Esq. Campbell, Archibald, Esq. Carruthers, J. H., Esq. Chapman, Austin, Esq. Chanter, J. M., Esq.

Clark, E. M., Esq.

Clarke, Henry, Esq.

Clarke, Thomas, Esq. Cohen, J. J., Esq. Cruickshank, G. A., Esq. Dacey, J. R., Esq.

Davis, David, Esq.

Dick, W. T., Esq.

Dight, C. II., Esq.


Ewing, T. T., Esq.

Ferris, W. J., Esq. Fitzgerald, R. G. D., Esq. Garland, J., Esq.

Gormly, J., Esq.

Graham, J., Esq., M.D. Griffiths, A. H., Esq. Harris, Sir Matthew, Kt. Hayes, J., Esq.

Haynes, J., Esq.

Reception and Entertainment Committee—continued.

Citizens.


Anderson, R. M. McC., Esq., Town Clerk Archibald, J. F , Esq.

Broughton, E. C. V., Esq.

Burns, Colonel J.

Calvert, J. J., Esq , Clerk of Parliaments Carroll, Dr.

Carruthers, Rev. J. E.

Chisholm, Dr.

Clubbe, Dr.

Cockbaine, J. W., Esq.

Cormack, Donald, Esq.

Dodds, Leonard, Esq.

Donkin, J. B., Esq.

Gibbs, John, Esq., President, Merchants and Traders’ Association.

Hall, J. R., Esq.

Hall, W. R., Esq.

Hay, Dr.

Hayes, C. H., Esq.

Hennessey, J. D., Esq.

Johnson, James, Esq.

Kelly, T. H., Esq.

Knox, E. F., Esq.

Heads of

'I'lie Most Rev. the Archbishop of Sydney His Eminence the Cardinal The Right Rev. the Moderator, Presbyterian Assembly.

The President, Wesleyan Conference

The Chairman, Congregational Union

The President, Primitive Methodist Conference

Lassetter, Colonel Levy, Harry, Esq.

Lloyd, L. T., Esq.

Manning, Sir W. P.

Macarthur, Onslow J., Esq.

Phillips, Louis, Esq.

Power, J. J., Esq., President, Licensed Victuallers’ Association.

Remington, J. C., Esq., Grand Master U.G.L.

Freemasons.

Taylor, Carlisle, Esq.

Vicars, W., Esq., President, Chamber of Manufactures.

Walker, J. T., Esq.

Waller, F. J., Esq.

Webb, F. W., C.M.G., J.P., Clerk of Legislative Assembly.

Wheeler, John, Esq., Grandmaster, Loyal Orange Institution, New South Wales.

White, Murray, Esq.

Wilkinson, Dr. W. C.

Wood, J. R., Esq.

Churches.

The President, Evangelical Council

The Rev. A. B. Davis, Jewish Rabbi

The Minister of the Unitarian Church, Rev.

T. R. Shemp.

The Pastor of the German Church The President, Baptist Union

CITIZENS’ COMMITTEE.

Sir Matthew Harris, M.P. (Chairman).

Professor Anderson Stuart, M.D., Sir W. McMillan (Vice-Chairmen). Sir George Dibbs, K.C.M.G., W. Trotter, Esq. (Hon. Treasurers). Robt. M. McC. Anderson, Esq. (Hon. Secretary).

John D. Hennessey, Esq. (Organising and General Secretary).


Beale, O. C., Esq. Broughton, E. C. V., Esq. Badgery, H. S., Esq.

Bell, Colonel G. W.

Burns, Hon. J. F.

Booth, John, Esq.

Barlow, Thos. H., Esq. Buckle, Francis, Esq. Cormack, Donald, Esq. Chipman, H. S., Esq. Chapman, M., Esq. Chapman, H., Esq.

Deane, Alexander, Esq. Davis, E. L., Esq.

Fowler, Hon. Robt., M.P. Greigg, A. W. S., Esq. Graham, Dr. James, M.P. Hughes, Thomas, Esq. Henderson, H. W., Esq. Jessep, Thomas, Esq., M.P. Landers, George, Esq. Lukey, R. J., Esq.

Meeks, Hon. A. W., M.L.C. Manning, Sir W. P. McElhonc, Arthur, Esq. Mitchell, Phillip, Esq. Penny, Fredk., Esq.

Perkins,-, Esq.

Russell-Jones, G. E., Esq. Sargood, F. G., Esq. Smail, G. E., Esq.

Teece, Richard, Esq. Thrower, T. H., Esq. Taylor, John, Esq,

Vicars, W., Esq.

Watkins, R. G., Esq. Winchcombe, F. E., Esq. Welch, J. St. Vincent, Esq Wynne, Watkin, Esq. Waters, W. T., Esq. Waterhouse, G. J., Esq. Waine, John C., Esq.

DECORATION COMMITTEE.

Eccleston D11 Faur, Esq., President of the National Art Gallery W. Lister Lister, Esq., President of the Art Society of New South Wales Sidney Long, Esq., President of the Society of Artists

John Barlow, Esq , F.R.I., B.A., President of the Institute of Architects, New South Wales Varney Parkes, Esq.

F. A. Franklin, Esq., C.E.

W. L. Vernon, Esq., Government Architect

PROCESSIONS AND DEMONSTRATIONS COMMITTEE.

Legislative Council.

Backhouse, The Hon. B.

Kethel, The Hon Alexander

Blanksby, The Hon. J.

Langwell, The Hon. Hugh

Buzacott, The Hon. N. J.

Meeks, The Hon. A W.

Creed, The Hon. J. M , M.R.C.S.

Millen, The Hon. E. D.

Day, The Hon. George

Nash, The Hon. J. B., M.D.

Karp, The Hon. G. F.

Pulsford, The Hon. E.

Estell, The Hon J.

Robson, The Hon. William

Flowers, The Hon. F.

Ross, The Hon. A.

Fowler, The Hon R.

Ryrie, The Hon. Alexander

Greene, The Hon. G. H.

Shepherd The Hon. P. L. C Slattery, The Hon. T. M.

Greville, The Hon. Edward

Hawken, The Hon. N.

Smith, The Hon. F. J.

Hepher, The Hon. J.

Smith, The Hon. T. H.

Holborow, The Hon. W. H., C.M.G.

Stuart, The Hon H.

Hyam, The Hon. S. H.

Vickery, The Hon. E Wilson, The Hon. J.

Kerr, The Hon. A. T.

Legislative

Assembly.

Anderson, G. Esq.

Molesworth, E. W., Esq.

Bennett. F. A., Esq.

Neild, J. C., Esq.

Brown, T., Esq.

Nicholson, J. B., Esq.

Byrne, F. A., Esq.

Neilsen, N. R. W., F'sq.

Campbell, Alexander, Esq.

Nobbs, John, Esq.

Carroll, J. G.t Esq.

Norton, John, Esq.

Chapman, H., Esq.

O’Connor, D., Esq.

Clarke, F., Esq.

O’Conor, B. B., Esq.

Cook, J., Esq,

Phillips, S., Esq.

Cotton, F., Esq.

Pyers, R., Esq.

Davis, W. W., Esq.

Quinn, P. E., Esq.

Donaldson, R., Esq.

Raymond, J. B., Esq.

Edden, A., Esq.

Richards, E., Esq.

Ferguson, W. J., Esq.

Rigg, W., Esq.

Fitzpatrick, J. C. L., Esq.

Sleath, R., Esq.

Fitzpatrick, T. Esq.

Smith, Samuel, Esq.

Gillies, J. H., Esq.

Spence, W. G., Esq.

Hawthorne, J. S., Esq.

Spruson, W. J., Esq.

Holman, W. A., Esq.

Storey, D , Esq.

Howarth, G., Esq.

Taylor, T. W., Esq. Thomas, J., Esq

Hurley, W. F., Esq.

Jessep, T., Esq.

Watkins, D., Esq.

Law, S. J., Esq.

Watson, J. C., Esq.

McLaughlin, J., Esq.

Wilks, W. H., Esq.

McLean, I-. E., Esq.

Wilson, C. G., Esq.

McMahon, M. J., Esq.

Young, W. W., Esq.

Miller, G. T. C., Esq.


Backhouse, B. B., Esq.

Brennan, Frank, Esq.

Bridge, Clarence, Esq.

Butterfield, G. C., Esq., Hon. Secretary, Band Association of New South Wales.

Cochrane, J. P., Esq., Secretary, Sydney Labour Council.

Deloitte, Q. I,., Esq.

Evans, H. T., Esq.

Fitzsimons, John, Esq Franki, J. P., Esq.

French, Major-General G. A., C.M.G., R.A.,

General Officer Commanding Military Forces. Garvan, J. J , Esq.

German, \\ . G., Esq.

Hoskins, Charles, Esq.

Hutchinson, W., Esq., Brigade Bandmaster. Inspector General of Police.

Ives, Walter, Esq., Builders and Contractors’ Association.

Jackson, James, Esq.

King, Kelso, Esq.

Knagg, Dr.

Lukey, R. G., Esq.

Officer Commanding, Salvation Army.


Purves, J. M., Esq.

Quaife, Dr.

Riley, A. J., Esq.

Riley, E., Esq., President Political LabourLcague Smith, J. F., Esq., Friendly Societies Association of New South Wales.

Talbot, J. R., Esq.

The Chairman, Good Templars.

The Chairman, League of Wheelmen.

The Chairman, Rechabites.

The Chairman, Temperance Alliance.

The President, Hibernian Catholic Benefit Association.

The Secretary, Grand United Lodge of Freemasons.

The Secretary, Labour Federation.

The Secretary, Loyal Orange Institution of New South Wales.

The Superintendent, Fire Brigades.

The Warden, Australasian Holy Catholic Guild. Turner, J. W., Esq.

Watkins, R. G., Esq.

Welch, J., Esq.

West, J. E., Esq.

Wood, John, Esq.


AQUATIC COMMITTEES.

Sectional Committee.

Messrs. Q. L. Deloitte, Chairman (Representative on the Executive Committee), W. H. Palmer, J. Blackman (New South Wales Rowing Association), W. M. Cameron, A. G. Milson (Roval Sydney Yacht Squadron), S. Hordern, W. M. Marks (Prince Alfred Yacht Club), A. E. Cutler, J. Birnie (New South Wales Sailing Council), E. S. Marks (New South Wales Amateur Swimming Association), F. W. J. Donovan (Johnstone’s Bay Sailing Club), W. H. Ball (Iron Cove Sailing Club), A. H. Uther (North Sydney 6-feet Dingy Club), K. F. Giltinan (Port Hacking Sailing Club), F.. J. Flaherty (Port Hunter Sailing Club), H. C. Doran (Sydney Amateur Sailing Club), F. E. Lomas, J. H. Bradley (Sydney Canoe Club), C. E. Mariette (St. George Sailing Club), C. J. Collins (Sydney Flying Squadron), J. G. Carter (Sydney Sailing Club), A. C. Welch (Sydney Dingy Sailing Club), D. Maughan (Athletic Association of the Great Public Schools), J. Fitzsimons (Balmain Rowing Club), T. J. Mann (East Sydney Rowing Club), J. McGregor (Glebe Rowing Club), J. L. Wiseman (Leichhardt Rowing Club), J. J. Smith (Mercantile Rowing Club), B. A. M’Bride (St. Ignatius College Rowing Club), O. H. Baass (Sydney Rowing Club), H. P. Hickson (University Boat Club),

F.    W. Donovan (Hon. Secretary).

Carnival Committee.

Messrs. J. Blackman (Chairman), F.. S. Marks, A. E. Cutler, A. T. Hendry, L. D. Phillips, T. J. Moloney, A. W. Griffith, Richard Burke (Hon. Secretary), (. R. Bridle (Assistant Hon. Secretary).

Officials of various Events:—Messrs. A. W. Griffiths, A. B. M'Nab, James Taylor, T. Kinninmont, N. Lewis, R.N., J. J. Maloney, H. N. Southwell, J. Atkins, Pierre Stapleton, W. T. Kerr, A. J. Kessell, J. Carney, E. H. Reeve, R. R. Reid, S. H. P. Burns, D. Christian, J. B. Crimming, C. A. Olliffe, G. F. W. Lawes, H. E. Heal)’, E. W. Sharpe, J. Broome, J. W. Turner, P. J. Nelligan, S. Bent, G. Paradise,

G.    Palmer, R. Beavis, J. Hughes, R. M. Sheers (7th Regiment, N.S.W.), Collver, F.klund, Mullis, Parker, Chris. Nielsen, Harold Daniel, T. C. Roberts, C. W. von der Heyde, L. D. Phillips.



SYDNEY:

WILLIAM APPLEGATE GUI.LICK, GOVERNMENT PRINTER.

i9°4-