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RED CROSS JUNIOR FIRST AID MANUAL
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Foreword ... ... ... ... ... ... I
Introduction ... ... ... ... ... 2
Choosing your dog ... ... ... ... 3
How big? ... ... ... ... ... 4
What sort? ... ... ... ... ... 5
Buying your dog—
How much? ... ... ... ... ... 14
Points to remember ... ... ... ... 15
His living quarters ... ... ... ... 16
His food ... ... ... ... ... 18
Grooming your dog ... ... ... ... 20
His exercise ... ... ... ... ... 22
Training your dog ... ... ... ... 24
How to lift your dog ... ... ... ... 27
If your dog is ill ... ... ... ... 28
Your dog and the law ... ... ... ... 31
You and your dog ... ... ... ... 32
Most of us, at one time or another, have had the thrilling experience of setting out to choose a dog. Whether we go to a dogs’ home or to an expensive store to make our purchase matters not at all, nor does it detract from the importance of the occasion, for we are about to find a friend who will remain true to us for ten or fifteen years.
Although the mongrel finds no place among the delightful breeds depicted here, I, for one, have a warm spot in my heart for the dog of no particular family, whose pedigree is non-existent. If he lacks breeding, he often possesses a lively sense of humour and a soul that shines from his eyes when he gazes up at the human being who has become his god.
English men and women, the world over, are self-confessed dog lovers, and that is as it should be, for all good dogs are gentlemen at heart, with all the Christian virtues. No one who has been privileged to share the friendship of a dog can deny that that is so.
This book is intended both for those who want to know how to choose and how to look after a dog, as well as for those who have a pet dog and want to make sure that they are doing everything they should to make certain he is a happy and healthy animal.
Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
The R.S.P.C.A. exists to promote kindness to animals. Leaflets on the proper care of all animals are freely available from the Society, and its Inspectors are on immediate call for animals ill-treated or in distress.
We are all familiar with dogs. If we don’t own one ourselves we see them in the street or at friends’ homes. The dog we see is a domestic animal—that means he is used to being with human beings and does not attack them, nor is he frightened of them.
But the ancestors of these friendly dogs were once wild animals like the Wolf and the Dingo, living in the woods and fields, hunting and killing for food. They gradually became friendly to man, learning to guard his property, help him hunt, help him look after his flocks and help him carry things. Nowadays, as well as helping man in many practical ways, the dog is a companion and pet.
Although most dogs are brought up from puppy-hood to live near human beings and so are not frightened of them, it is important to understand that if a dog feels ill, or is hurt, or is frightened or over-excited he may forget his training and his wild instincts might get the better of him. So when a dog is sick or angry, it is wise to treat him with especial care, because he may for the moment forget that you are his friend.
Dogs are found in all parts of the world. They are used for sport, for hunting, for guarding and herding sheep and cattle, and as pets, and I expect you have even seen some dog filmstars!
There are nearly 90 different breeds which you are quite likely to see in Britain, and even more in other countries. As well as the different breeds, there are mongrels who may have no pedigree and whose breed you could not name, but who are, all the same, loyal and faithful companions.
If you want to keep a dog you must make up your mind that you are going to look after him properly. It is not enough to be enthusiastic when he first arrives. You must realise that he depends on you to train him, and feed him, to give him enough exercise, to provide him with somewhere to sleep, and to give him the companionship which all dogs require.
I expect you will spend quite a long time looking at other people’s dogs, looking in pet shops and reading books about dogs while you are trying to decide what breed of dog you want to have yourself. But besides deciding on the breed there are one or two other points which you ought to think about before you buy your dog.
“enthusiastic when he first arrives”
How Big ?
First of all you must consider what size of dog you intend to have. This depends on where you live and what room you have for keeping the dog.
If you live in the country there will probably be fields nearby where the dog can run freely for exercise and where there will not be so much danger of him being run over, so he will not be in the house so much of the time. For one who lives in the country the choice is, therefore, probably much wider and you can have either a big dog or a small dog and be fairly sure that he has enough room to have all the exercise he requires.
But if you live in a busy town and have only a small garden, or if you live in a flat, you will want a small dog because a large dog like an Alsatian or St. Bernard needs plenty of room to move around in, and open spaces for exercise. It is not only cruel to the dog to keep him in cramped surroundings, but it is also inconvenient for his owner. The sort of dog suitable for town life is one about 15 inches to 18 inches high.
What Sort ?
I expect many of you will want to have a small dog which you can have indoors, or in a kennel outside, but having him indoors quite often. Here are some of the more popular breeds that you could choose from.
The cairn was brought to England from the Highlands of Scotland. He is very affectionate but some people consider he is a more sensitive dog than most.
Though not over-enthusiastic, this little black dog gets very fond of his master or mistress but does not take much notice of others. He is an excellent companion—a "one man dog”.
This is a pigmy dog with long silky hair which needs to be carefully attended to to prevent the hair covering his face. He is an intelligent dog, easily trained and very sporting, but being so small he is often spoilt by over-petting and being treated as a lap dog.
The corgi has become very popular in recent years. He came to England from Wales, where he has been used for centuries by farmers to protect and drive cattle. His name means “dwarf dog”—his height not usually being more than 12 inches.
This dog was first bred in Wales about 1851. He is easy to rear and train because he is a hardy animal. He makes a good watch dog although he is so small, being only 10 inches to 11 inches in height.
There are records of this little dog which show that he was known in China over 1,000 years ago. He was kept only by the Royal Family as an Imperial pet and was not known outside China until Queen Victoria’s reign. They are lovable, faithful dogs and, although small, are very plucky, and if not over-petted, are independent and good watch dogs.
Is probably a descendant from the dogs who live in the Arctic and are trained to draw sledges over the ice. He is an excellent watch dog for the house, but inclined to “yap”.
There are pictures of dogs very like the dachshund in ancient Egyptian carvings made over 2,000 years ago. But although he has probably been known to man for so long he was only introduced into England in I860.
This is the oldest breed of British dogs and was originally used for the sport of bull baiting which was abolished in 1838. We like to think he is typical of British people —he is very good natured and doesn’t get angry quickly, but once he is roused he is a strong, courageous fighter. He is a very affectionate dog and usually loves children.
English Springer Spaniel
This dog was originally bred in Norfolk as a sporting dog. He is inclined to grow rather fat as he gets older and needs plenty of exercise. He is very affectionate and makes a good pet. The usual colouring is liver and white or black and white.
The cocker spaniel is the most numerous of the class of dogs called spaniels. They probably came from Spain at first and were known in England 400 years ago. This dog is well known for his intelligence and gentle nature. He has a lovely silky coat which repays careful and regular grooming. In the country he is trained to “put up” and retrieve game during shooting—his name probably comes from the bird “woodcock” which is shot as game. The usual colours for a cocker spaniel are black, gold, liver colour or liver colour and white.
This dog is very popular as a pec and as a housedog to guard the home. He is an active, sprightly little dog, always on the alert, and if treated well he will be a loyal, faithful companion. There are two kinds of fox terriers—smooth haired and wire haired. The latter has a slightly wavy and springy coat.
Of course, there are quite a lot of smaller breeds which have not been mentioned, but those are some of the more usual in England.
This dog came from Newfoundland of which Labrador is a part. He is a good sporting dog with remarkable scenting powers and yet he is very gentle. These dogs (and some others) are used to retrieve game after it has been shot and fallen to the ground.
Of the larger dogs, here are a few popular ones:—
Dalmatian (or Plum Pudding dog)
This spotted dog was very popular as a carriage dog in England for about a hundred years, until motor cars came to be used. They would run for long distances behind the carriage wheels. Nowadays they are good, strong guard dogs and affectionate pets.
Although one of the oldest known breeds, this dog was not often seen in England until after the first World War. Originally he was a sheep dog and the German Army used him for carrying messages, etc., under fire. He is exceptionally intelligent and many are trained as police dogs or as blind persons’ guide dogs.
The Greyhound was known in Egypt over 4,000 years ago where he was used as a racing dog. He is the fastest runner of all the dogs and hunts by sight, not, as is usual with most hounds, by scent. He makes an affectionate pet but is not as intelligent as some other dogs.
This dog was originally an inhabitant of China where he was used by the people for food. He has the reputation of being an aggressive dog but this is not true. Like some other dogs he will fight back so furiously if attacked that he sometimes gives the strong impression that he is a quarrelsome dog. He is independent and does not like to be petted and fussed. He has a purple tongue and a very tightly curled tail.
The Irish Setter is a lovely dog with looks somewhat like the spaniel. He is a golden chestnut colour and makes an affectionate companion. He is a fast runner.
Larger than the Fox Terrier. He is a splendid house-dog and a grand guard, he is faithful and not easily frightened. He is a good ratter and individuals have been successfully trained as police dogs. His coat is rough and wiry and he is black and tan in colour.
Like the Bull Dog, the Bull Terrier was used for bull baiting and is now used as a guard. He is a faithful and playful dog, but when in a fight he will hang on in spite of pain, rather than give in! He is usually white or black and tan.
The Collie has been used for centuries as a sheep dog. He is clever and resourceful, and can be trained to handle large flocks. He is very gentle as a pet but does not like to be handled by strangers.
The Old English Sheepdog has a very gentle nature. He is still used for shepherding at which he is extremely good, being intelligent as well as gentle. He is a fast runner and can jump well. His long hair needs frequent grooming to prevent it matting together.
How Much ?
After deciding what sort of dog you want you will probably have to think next about the price you wish to pay. If you want to have a thoroughbred, pedigree dog you may pay anything from ten to twenty pounds or more. A pedigree dog is one which has the same pure blood going back at least four or five generations and has a signed record to prove it. Normally a pedigree dog is also registered at the Kennel Club.
On the other hand you might buy a puppy from one of your friends or from the local petshop or kennels which will cost only a few shillings—he won’t be a pedigree dog but he might still be a pure bred dog or he might be a mongrel with signs of more than one breed in his make-up. Because he has no pedigree that doesn’t mean he will be any less suitable or reliable as a pet. In fact a mongrel is normally stronger and more likely to withstand illnesses than a highly-bred pedigree dog.
If you have decided what sort you want and how much you want to pay, your next job is to find your puppy. If you are buying a pedigree dog you can find out the addresses of Kennels breeding the sort you want and pay a visit to take your choice. Make sure that the pedigree is genuine and has the breeder’s signature and address on it. If you intend to buy from a petshop or stores make sure that the shop has a good reputation and looks clean and well kept.
Never buy a puppy from a man selling dogs on the street. The puppy often is too young to be separated from its mother or has an infection which will develop some time after you have taken it home.
Poin ts to
Look at the puppy carefully. He should have bright eyes and straight limbs. Pick him up and make sure that he is well nourished and not “just skin and bone”, ' Part the hair in several places and see that there are no signs of a rash. His teeth should be clean and sound, with clean healthy gums. See that his ears are clean and do not hurt him if you touch them.
Watch him playing for a little while and make sure that he is alert and lively and does not scratch himself incessantly.
Notes.—Dalmatians, Sealyhams and Bull Terriers are occasionally deaf at birth, so remember if you are choosing one of these, to make sure he is not deaf.
Don’t attempt to keep a dog unless you can give him comfortable living quarters with good protection from wind and rain.
It is best to keep him indoors. Give him a box or basket with deep sides to keep out the draught and give him a mat or cushion to lie on. The mat or cushion should be well shaken every day in the open air to get rid of dirt and loose hairs. Always keep the box or basket in the same secluded corner of the room (away from food cupboards) and he will come to regard it as his own property.
If it is necessary for him to live out of doors in a shed he will again need a box or basket, but it is essential that it is raised off the floor to prevent cold and damp coming through. It is a good idea to line it with clean straw or newspapers which make a cosy bed, but they must be changed frequently.
If you decide to keep him outdoors in a kennel it is most important that he is warm and comfortable.
I. The kennel should face South or South West to prevent a cold North East wind blowing in during the winter.
2. In summer it must be placed so that the sun does not beat down on the roof and make it unbearably hot.
3. The kennel must have a slanting, waterproof roof—tarred felt or similar substance is suitable.
4. The floor must be raised at least 4 inches off the ground and covered with lino to prevent draughts rising through the floor boards.
The main points to remember about his living quarters are that, like our own, they must be dry, clean, and comfortable, so it is best to let him live indoors if possible.
The next need of your dog i feeders and they like similar
i food. Dogs are mixed food to ourselves. The grown dog should have two meals a day—a small breakfast of dog biscuits, and a main meal in the afternoon or evening. He would probably prefer a lot of meat in his diet but that is not always possible. Raw or slightly cooked meat cut into chunks or a good
dehydrated food, or one of the tinned dog meats made by a reliable manufacturer is suitable. This can be mixed with dog biscuits or a reputable dog meal, or failing these, brown bread crusts (never give a dog white bread in any form). A few vegetables such as spinach, carrots, cabbage and left overs from the family meal may be added. Occasionally give him fish, but never give him sweets or chocolate.
A good hard bone is always welcome and improves the condition of his teeth but never give him small bones such as rabbit or chicken as these splinter easily and may choke him or injure his stomach if he swallows them. It is most necessary that there should always be a supply of clean drinking water for the dog. Give him a dish of water and see that it is cleaned daily, refilled whenever necessary and always kept in the same place.
Until the puppy is at least 8 weeks old he should stay with the mother and until he is about 5 weeks old he will be living on the mother’s milk. About that time you can start him on three small meals a day.
He will still need milk as this is a good body builder for any growing animal and so dog biscuits soaked in milk, porridge with milk, custard made with milk, and milk puddings are all suitable.
It is a good idea to give him two or three drops of halibut liver oil daily to make sure he is getting enough vitamin A and D. The food can be changed gradually, as the puppy grows up, and the meals decreased to one small and one main meal every day.
3. Never leave his dish on the floor longer than half an hour after he seems to have finished. Wash the dish and put it away.
“well kept and cared fur"
If he has been out in very wet weather, give him a good rub down with a rough towel and dry his feet.
You will, of course, want your dog to look well-kept and cared for. This means that you must brush his coat regularly.
You will probably find that your dog loves to be brushed and will stand quite still while you brush him vigorously and thoroughly all over.
Use a stiff bristled brush that will go right through the hair, cleaning the skin and removing loose hair, dust, etc. This will keep the skin in good condition, free from fleas, etc., and will also prevent loose hairs being left on the furniture and carpets.
You will notice that he sheds his coat more in the Spring and Autumn and will then need extra brushing, but clipping is not necessary except in the summer with dogs having exceptionally heavy coats. The dog’s fur is Nature’s way of keeping out the heat in hot weather.
Most dogs need to be bathed occasionally. How often depends on the breed—naturally, long silky coats collect dirt more rapidly than short, wire haired types. It is a good idea to wash only the dirty parts on the underside where he had become splashed with mud, rather than bathe him all over.
When you are giving him a complete bath remember that the water must be only luke warm—dogs cannot stand water as hot as we can. Use a good household soap or soft soap dissolved in hot water, but not a cheap scrubbing soap.
Stand the dog in the bath with water up to his chest. Be prepared for him to struggle and attempt to spring out of the water. Hold him firmly with one hand and with the other wet him all over except his head. Then soap him all over and work up a lather. Rinse him thoroughly in a fresh water. Wash and rinse his head, taking
special care not to get soap in his eyes. Dry him with a rough towel and brush him. Do not let him out until he has thoroughly dried and cooled down unless it is a really warm summer’s day—then you must keep him on a lead to prevent him rolling in the dirt whilst his skin is still tingling.
Even if you feed and groom your dog well, he will not be fit unless he has enough exercise. He really needs a walk first thing in the morning, and last thing at night, as well as one or two good walks during the day.
The amount of exercise varies with the size and breed of dog, larger dogs usually needing more than the smaller ones. Wherever possible let him have some time off • the lead in the garden or in a field or park where he can run about as he likes. Running after a stick or ball and a brisk walk for about half an hour is sufficient.
If you live in the country you will probably be able to let the dog out on his own to have a free run in the fields but you must train him not to go into fields where he will do damage to crops or cattle.
In some circumstances, for instance when guarding a house or shed, a dog has to be kept chained for quite a long time. In such cases a running chain should be
fixed on to the wall or to posts so that the dog has a reasonable amount of exercise whilst he is still under control.
If you live in a town always keep your dog on a lead in busy streets and if you live near a main road do not let him out on his own. Many accidents would be avoided if all dogs were kept under control where there is a fair amount of traffic.
If you are going away for a holiday and are not taking your dog, you will, of course, arrange for him to be looked after. Make sure that the kennels or neighbours with whom you leave him know how to look after him and will not ill-treat or neglect him. Remember that he will miss you and will probably not like living in a strange place so you must be satisfied that he will receive proper attention.
All dogs must be house-trained, trained not to bark Incessantly, not to bother visitors and passers-by, and not to fight other dogs.
Badly trained dogs can do some annoying and even unhealthy things, bothering at meal times, jumping up and continually pulling on the lead, and licking children’s faces or food displayed in shops. It is always possible to train a dog to behave properly if he is dealt with firmly from his early days.
If you live in a town, your dog must be trained to keep to the path, to come to heel quickly, and not cause danger by running into the traffic, particularly chasing after cars, motor cycles or pedal cycles.
If you live in the country your dog must learn not to worry sheep, poultry, cows, etc., especially in market towns. Let him get used to other animals by taking him near them on a lead and pulling him up sharply if he tries to chase them. Keep him on the lead until he has learnt to ignore them.
The most important thing about training a dog is to start while he is still very young. First of all give him a name and do not change it. He will soon learn to answer to it. The next thing is to decide who is to be responsible for training him and let that one person do the job. The others must support his authority and not let the dog do things he is being trained not to do.
All training must be continuous and consistent. Don’t tell him to do one thing one day and something else the next. The training must be given kindly but firmly and you must use patience and self control.
You must never lose your temper even when he seems stupid or does something which needs severe displeasure. Be firm and stern, but do not shout at him.
While he is still young he will want to worry and tear things. Give him an old shoe, a strong rag or something similar that he can worry and chew to his heart’s content without causing any damage.
Training the dog to be clean indoors is usually the first job. This is not as difficult as some people believe. A dog about 4 months old should be able to be trained in 2 weeks. Put him in the garden after each meal and last thing at night.
Most dogs are intelligent enough to know by the tone of your voice when you are displeased and will not continue to do a thing when they are reproved for doing it.
If, therefore, he has made a mess indoors, take him to the mess, point it out to him, tell him firmly without shouting he is a bad dog and put him outside. He will after a while connect the two things and realise he is expected to go outside. You will soon find him asking to be let out when he needs to.
Do not rub his nose in the mess. This is a cruel and disgusting thing to do and the dog does not understand why such a thing should happen to him.
Out of doors you must train your dog not to foul the pavement. At first, when he is on the lead, directly he shows signs of wanting to “squat" pull him to the gutter each time. He will soon learn to go in the gutter even when he’s on his own.
The next essential is to teach him to come to heel immediately you call him. Have a long lead and at the word "Heel”, pull him in towards you and point to your heel. Training should be given for a few minutes each day for a week and at the end of that time he will probably come to you at the word.
Eventually he should be trained to come to heel when you call him and signal with your hand. This is useful when crossing the road; he should come to heel on the pavement and when you have seen all is clear, he can cross with you.
If you are out with your dog and he suddenly dashes across the road to another dog, do not call him back as he will dash across back to you. Cross over the road yourself, call him to you and put him on the lead. Let him understand that you are displeased.
On a country road remember that you should walk on the right hand side facing the oncoming traffic.
Your dog should learn to recognise certain words, gestures and whistles as commands to be obeyed instantly and as he grows older this will become nearly automatic. Words like “Down”, “Drop”, “Here”, "Bad Dog”, “Fetch it” are suitable and a lot can be done by varying the tones of voice.
At first, training is helped by rewarding him with a titbit and kindly pat or, when punishment is necessary, giving it promptly, so that the punishment is associated in his mind with the wrong action, and not after he has been whistled or called as this may cause him to be frightened of obeying the summons.
The possibilities of training dogs are immense. You have only to see police, military, or blind persons' guide dogs at work to realise how much can be accomplished by kindness and understanding. There are many blind people who have “Dog-eyes”. These guide dogs are trained to lead their masters through busy streets, across roads, up and down stairs and round obstacles in the path. Some can take their master to the nearest pillar box, telephone or tobacconist, take him aside to avoid overhanging branches, pick up anything he has dropped and put it in his hand, and do many other things.
A tiny puppy can be picked up by the scruff of the neck without causing any pain, but as soon as he gets heavier he must be picked up with one hand under the chest.
Never hold a dog round the stomach with his head and legs drooping. If you have to lift a large heavy dog, stand sideways to him and put your arms round him taking the weight of his chest and hindquarters on your arms.
It is always best to seek advice from an expert if your dog seems upset. There may be no serious trouble but if there are symptoms of bad illness or disease a veterinary surgeon or an animal clinic, such as one of those maintained by the R.S.P.C.A. in conjunction with the veterinary profession, will be able to tell you what is wrong and how to treat it.
If your dog is panting and hanging out his tongue on a hot day, do not worry or think he is craving for water. Dogs perspire through the tongue and this is his way of keeping cool.
Do not worry if he misses one or two meals. He may be doing this instinctively to correct a small internal upset—if you see him eating grass, do not interfere as this is a natural remedy.
If, on the other hand, he continues to refuse food and also looks tired and listless, with a tendency to lie about instead of indulging in his usual lively scampering, or has fits of shivering, something serious may be wrong, and a vet should be consulted. If he seems to be continually shaking his head and scratching his ears, this is a possible sign of canker and needs professional advice.
Distemper is the most usual doggy illness. If he seems sleepy and has a hot dry nose, does not feed, waters at the eyes and nose, and coughs and sneezes, distemper is a possible cause. At the first signs consult a vet. Young puppies are often infected with round or threadworms. If your dog passes any of these either by vomitting or from the bowel, then he should be dosed. Older dogs sometimes get tapeworms. It is much wiser in both these cases to get a dose from a veterinary surgeon than to indulge in amateur dosing with drugs you know little or nothing about.
Discharging eyelids may be due to eye weakness which unfortunately we cannot correct with spectacles, but may in young dogs often mark the start of a chill or distemper. The lids may be cleaned with cotton wool and a little golden eye ointment applied.
It is advisable to have some first-aid equipment for emergency use. The normal household equipment of an antiseptic, a healing ointment, castor oil or medicinal paraffin for a laxative, aspirin, as well as sticking plaster, lint and bandages is sufficient.
It is not wise to give your dog patent medicines or use pills, powders, or ointment unless advised to do so by a veterinary surgeon; you may do more harm than good.
If your dog is ill and you are treating him at home these are the main points to remember:—
1. Leave him alone as much as possible in a warm room with shaded windows, open in warm weather.
2. Make sure fires of any sort are shielded.
3. Do not make a fuss of him—rest and the vet’s prescribed medicine will make him well.
IF YOUR DOG IS ILL (Continued).
If the vet prescribes some pills, powders or medicines for your dog, it is as well that you should know the correct way to give them. It is advisable to have someone to hold him steady while you give them.
Open his mouth with your hand on top, pressing the sides of his mouth inwards. Put the pill or powder on his tongue as far back as you can. Close his mouth and hold his jaws together with the left hand. Massage his throat with the right hand and he will swallow.
Hold his head gently, as shown. Gently pull out the corner of his lower lip and raise his head slightly. Pour the medicine into the "pocket” of his lip and then close his mouth and hold the jaws together. He will then swallow.
When your dog is six months old you must take out a licence for him. This may be bought for 7/6d. at any Post Office and runs for 12 months from the date you buy it. Blind guide dogs and sheepdogs do not have to be licensed.
If your dog is lost, apply at the nearest police station. All stray dogs should be taken to a police station. They are kept for at least seven days to give time for the owner to make enquiries. If the finder of a stray dog wishes to keep him, he may do so providing he signs an undertaking to keep the dog at least one month.
By Law every dog must have a collar or harness with the name and address of the owner so that if the dog is lost he can be returned.
A leather collar is best, a chain or string must never be used as this may damage his throat. See that there is room for your hand between the collar and his neck so that it is not too tight but do not have it loose enough for him to slip over his head. It is not necessary for him to wear a coat unless advised by the vet for medical reasons.
If a dog is hurt or killed in a road accident the motorist must stop and give his name and address to the owner or a witness of the accident. If there is not a witness he must himself report the accident to the police within 24 hours.
If you train him properly he will be obedient and faithful.
If your dog’s living quarters are clean and dry, if his food is suitable, and if he gets enough exercise, he will rarely be ill.
If you brush him daily and bathe him occasionally, he will look smart.
If you treat him with kindness, but firmness he will be a companion worth all the trouble you have taken, and remember above all, that it is your responsibility to train your dog so that he does not make himself a nuisance to other people, for instance—by barking and jumping up at strangers, causing damage on allotments and gardens, chasing poultry and farm animals, or rushing into the road and thus causing accidents. You should feel a certain pride in owning a well-behaved dog, a dog that you yourself have trained from puppyhood.
Meat food so rich in nourishment that he needs only 1 CHAPPIE to \ SCRAPS
Look at him—with his clear, lively eyes, glossy coat, wet button of a nose. His master says he’s an advertisement for Chappie because Chappie keeps him fit for anything. Chappie is a dehydrated meat food which gives a dog all the meat he needs plus vitamin supplements, cereals and minerals.
Chappie is so rich in nutrition that your dog needs only one third Chappie, mixed with two thirds of scraps, vegetable or biscuit. The large 2/-bag of Chappie now equals 3 lbs. of meat!
Tinned Chappie is back
The tinned form of Chappie (wet) is now in the shops again at lOd.
CHAPPIE LTD • SLOUGH • BUCKS
Learn a lesson from the experts-
GIVE YOUR DOG
ENTWISTLES LTD., Vulcan Si. Mills, Liverpool, 3
"I've long been needing -
Lucky Dog! He’s got his proper food back again. Spratt’s Biscuit Dog Foods are just what a dog needs—good wholesome wheatmeal and nourishing meat fibrine to make a perfectly balanced diet—food he enjoys and thrives on. Spratt’s Biscuit Dog Foods are so good in every way; you know exactly what he is eating, that it is easily digested, satisfying and good for his teeth too. And there’s variety—Spratt’s Dog Cakes for big dogs, fascinating Mixed Ovals, a treat for smaller dogs, and Spratt’s Bonio, the bone-shaped biscuit that’s fun as well as food.
Put your dog on a healthy diet. GIVE HIM
^ not Scraps
Spratt’s Biscuit Dog Foods are sold by all good Grocers and Corn Stores. Put your dog on his proper food—biscuits, and see him go forward by leaps and bounds.
This is one of the Booklets published by Educational Productions on a variety of subjects, and about which they will gladly supply full information.
First Impression, September 1950. All rights reserved.