Event valence and unrealistic optimism

Gold, Ron and Martyn, Kate 2003, Event valence and unrealistic optimism, Psychological reports, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 1105-1109, doi: 10.2466/PR0.92.3.1105-1109.

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Title Event valence and unrealistic optimism
Author(s) Gold, Ron
Martyn, Kate
Journal name Psychological reports
Volume number 92
Issue number 3
Start page 1105
End page 1109
Publisher Dr. CH Ammons, Ed & Pub.
Place of publication Missoula, Mont.
Publication date 2003
ISSN 0033-2941
Summary The effect of event valence on unrealistic optimism was studied. 94 Deakin University students rated the comparative likelihood that they would experience either a controllable or an uncontrollable health-related event. Valence was manipulated to be positive (outcome was desirable) or negative (outcome was undesirable) by varying the way a given event was framed. Particiapants either were told the conditions which promote the event and rated the comparative likelihood they would experience it or were told the conditions which prevent the event and rated the comparative likelihood they would avoid it. For both the controllable and the uncontrollable events, unrealistic optimism was greater for negative than positive valence. It is suggested that a combination of the 'motivational account' of unrealistic optimism and prospect theory provides a good explanation of the results. 
Language eng
DOI 10.2466/PR0.92.3.1105-1109
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2003, Psychological Reports
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30002235

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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