Accuracy of body size estimation: Role of biopsychosocial variables

McCabe, Marita, Ricciardelli, Lina, Sitiram, Geeta and Mikhail, Katherine 2006, Accuracy of body size estimation: Role of biopsychosocial variables, Body image, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 163-171, doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2006.01.004.

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Title Accuracy of body size estimation: Role of biopsychosocial variables
Author(s) McCabe, Marita
Ricciardelli, LinaORCID iD for Ricciardelli, Lina
Sitiram, Geeta
Mikhail, Katherine
Journal name Body image
Volume number 3
Issue number 2
Start page 163
End page 171
Publisher Elsevier BV
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2006-06
ISSN 1740-1445
Keyword(s) perception
body image
sociocultural influences
Summary This study evaluated factors related to the perceptual disturbances of body image. Using a digital body image computer program, 191 participants (107 women, 82 men) adjusted an image of their body to the perceived actual size at five body regions; chest, waist, hips, thighs and calves. A neutral object (a vase) was also adjusted to partial out the level of perceptual distortion present with a neutral object. Men and women overestimated the size of the neutral object and their body image. Among women, overestimation was primarily predicted by high levels of depression, and media and peer influences to be thinner and increase muscles. Among men, overestimation was predicted by high BMI, media influences to lose weight and increase muscles, and peer influences to increase muscles. These findings suggest that perceptual accuracy of body image is primarily predicted by biopsychosocial influences.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.bodyim.2006.01.004
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, Elsevier Ltd.
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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