Sun exposure and sun protection behaviours among young adult sport competitors

Lawler, Sheleigh, Spathonis, Kym, Eakin, Elizabeth, Gallois, Cindy, Leslie, Eva and Owen, Neville 2007, Sun exposure and sun protection behaviours among young adult sport competitors, Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 230-234, doi: 10.1111/j.1467-842X.2007.00053.x.

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Title Sun exposure and sun protection behaviours among young adult sport competitors
Author(s) Lawler, Sheleigh
Spathonis, Kym
Eakin, Elizabeth
Gallois, Cindy
Leslie, Eva
Owen, Neville
Journal name Australian and New Zealand journal of public health
Volume number 31
Issue number 3
Start page 230
End page 234
Publisher Blackwell Publishing Asia
Place of publication Canberra, A.C.T.
Publication date 2007
ISSN 1326-0200
Keyword(s) health behaviour
public health practice
sun protection
Summary Objective: To explore the relationship between sun protection and physical activity in young adults (18-30 years) involved in four organised sports.

Methods: Participants (n=237) in field hockey, soccer, tennis and surf sports completed a self-administered survey on demographic and sun-protective behaviours while playing sport. Differences in sun-protective behaviour were explored by sport and by gender.

Results: Sunburn during the previous sporting season was high (69%). There were differences between sports for sunburn, sunscreen use and reapplication of sunscreen. Lifesaving had the highest rates compared with the other three sports. Hats and sunglasses worn by participants varied significantly by sports. A greater proportion of soccer and hockey players indicated they were not allowed to wear a hat or sunglasses during competition. For all sports, competition was played mainly in the open with no shade provision for competitors while they were playing. There were some gender differences within each of the sports. Female soccer and tennis players were more likely to wear sunscreen compared with males. Female hockey players were more likely to wear a hat compared with males.

Conclusions: Our findings highlight that there is still room for improvement in sun-protective behaviours among young adult sport competitors. There is a need for a systematic approach to sun protection in the sporting environments of young adults.

Implications: Health promotion efforts to increase physical activity need to be paired with sun protection messages.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-842X.2007.00053.x
Field of Research 111712 Health Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007, The Authors. Journal Compilation. 2007, Public Health Association of Australia
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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