A longitudinal study of body change strategies of fitness center attendees

McCabe, Marita, Ricciardelli, Lina and James, Tegan 2007, A longitudinal study of body change strategies of fitness center attendees, Eating behaviors, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 492-496, doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2007.01.004.

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Title A longitudinal study of body change strategies of fitness center attendees
Author(s) McCabe, Marita
Ricciardelli, LinaORCID iD for Ricciardelli, Lina orcid.org/0000-0002-7038-7410
James, Tegan
Journal name Eating behaviors
Volume number 8
Issue number 4
Start page 492
End page 496
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2007-12
ISSN 1471-0153
Keyword(s) body image
increased muscle
excessive exercise
lose weight
fitness centres
Summary This study evaluated predictors of strategies to change weight and muscles among men and women who attend fitness centers. A questionnaire was completed by 107 men (mean age = 39.17, SD = 13.14), and 151 women (mean age = 35.31, SD = 11.38) who regularly attended fitness centers at two points in time, one year apart. The only unique predictor of body change strategies over time for men was body dissatisfaction predicting drive for thinness; for women, body dissatisfaction predicted strategies to lose weight, drive for thinness, use of food supplements to lose weight and levels of bulimia. Media messages also predicted drive for thinness and bulimia among women. These findings would suggest that attendance body dissatisfaction is an important factor predicting other normative and health risk behaviors among fitness center attendees, particularly women at a fitness center over a 12 month period was not generally associated with adverse health risk behaviors.

Notes Available online 23 January 2007.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2007.01.004
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2007, Elsevier Ltd.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30007473

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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