Knowledge, risk perceptions and condom usage in male sex workers from three Australian cities

Minichiello, Victor, Marino, R. and Browne, Jan 2001, Knowledge, risk perceptions and condom usage in male sex workers from three Australian cities, AIDS Care, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 387-402, doi: 10.1080/09540120120044035.

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Title Knowledge, risk perceptions and condom usage in male sex workers from three Australian cities
Author(s) Minichiello, Victor
Marino, R.
Browne, Jan
Journal name AIDS Care
Volume number 13
Issue number 3
Start page 387
End page 402
Publisher Routledge
Place of publication Oxon, England
Publication date 2001
ISSN 0954-0121
Keyword(s) AIDS & HIV
AIDS & HIV infection
allied health
behavioral medicine
child & adolescent psychiatry & clinical psychology
Summary The study identifies factors associated with knowledge and perception of risk of HIV/AIDS, as well as attitudes to and usage of condoms by a sample of male sex workers (MSW). One hundred and eighty-five male sex workers completed a self-reported questionnaire, including knowledge about HIV transmission, attitudes to condom use and perceptions and personal susceptibility to HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk, and a two-week diary recording use of condom during commercial sex encounters. The findings reveal that condom use was found in 77.7% of the encounters with clients and the majority of the respondents perceived themselves to be at no risk for HIV because of sex work. Independent sex workers from Melbourne and workers who owned their place of residence used condoms in a significant lower proportion. Generally speaking, knowledge about the risks associated with AIDS was high, with respondents showing lower knowledge about the risks associated with unprotected receptive or active oral sex. Participants held a positive attitude to condom use; most considered the provisions of condoms to be their responsibility rather than clients; and they were more worried about contracting an STI than HIV. Those who scored higher on the knowledge scale had more positive attitudes to condom use and those who had a more positive attitude to condom use recorded a perceived lower risk of contracting STI but not HIV. The study discusses the relevance of these findings for public health risk reduction and sexual health education campaigns.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/09540120120044035
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2001, Taylor & Francis Ltd
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School of Nursing and Midwifery
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