The Permian of Timor : stratigraphy, palaeontology and palaeography

Charlton, T. R., Barber, A. J., Harris, R. A., Barkham, S. T., Bird, P. R., Archbold, N. W., Morris, N. J., Nicoll, R. S., Owen, H. G., Owens, R. M., Sorauf, J. E., Taylor, P. D., Webster, G. D. and Whittaker, J. E. 2002, The Permian of Timor : stratigraphy, palaeontology and palaeography, Journal of Asian earth sciences, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 719-774.

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Title The Permian of Timor : stratigraphy, palaeontology and palaeography
Author(s) Charlton, T. R.
Barber, A. J.
Harris, R. A.
Barkham, S. T.
Bird, P. R.
Archbold, N. W.
Morris, N. J.
Nicoll, R. S.
Owen, H. G.
Owens, R. M.
Sorauf, J. E.
Taylor, P. D.
Webster, G. D.
Whittaker, J. E.
Journal name Journal of Asian earth sciences
Volume number 20
Issue number 6
Start page 719
End page 774
Total pages 57 p.
Publisher Pergamon
Place of publication Kidlington, England
Publication date 2002-08
ISSN 1367-9120
Summary The Permian of Timor in the Lesser Sunda Islands has attracted the attention of palaeontologists since the middle of the nineteenth century because of the richness, diversity and excellent state of preservation of its fauna. These abundant fossil data have been compiled and updated for the present account. The Permian rocks of Timor were deposited on the northern margin of Australia. At the present time the northern margin of Australia, in the region of Timor, is involved in a continent–arc collision, where Australia is colliding with the Banda Arcs. As a result of this collision, Permian rocks of the Australian margin have been disrupted by folding and faulting with the generation of mud-matrix mélange, and uplifted to form part of the island of Timor. Due to this tectonic disruption, it has proved difficult to establish a reliable stratigraphy for the Permian units on Timor, especially as the classic fossil collections were obtained largely from the mélange or purchased from the local people, and do not have adequate stratigraphic control. Detailed systematic, structural, stratigraphic and sedimentological studies since the 1960s have provided a firmer stratigraphic and palaeogeographic background for reconsideration of the significance of the classic fossil collections. Permian rocks on Timor belong either to a volcanic-carbonate sequence (Maubisse Formation), or to a clastic sequence (Atahoc and Cribas formations) in which volcanics are less prominent. The Permian sequences were deposited on Australian continental basement which was undergoing extension with spasmodic volcanic activity. Carbonates of the Maubisse Formation were deposited on horst blocks and volcanic edifices, while clastic sediments of the Atahoc and Cribas formations were deposited in grabens. The clastic sediments are predominantly fine-grained, derived from a distant siliciclastic source, and are interbedded with sediments derived from the volcanics and carbonates of adjacent horst blocks. Bottom conditions in the graben were often anoxic. In the present account, events on Timor during the Permian are related to the regional tectonic context, with the northward movement of Australia leading to the amelioration of the climate from sub-glacial to sub-tropical, together with the separation of crustal blocks from the northern Australian margin to form the Meso-Tethys.
Notes External
Language eng
Field of Research 040308 Palaeontology (incl Palynology)
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
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