Intentional overdose among heroin overdose survivors

Heale, Penny, Dietze, Paul and Fry, Craig 2003, Intentional overdose among heroin overdose survivors, Journal of urban health, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 230-237.

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Title Intentional overdose among heroin overdose survivors
Author(s) Heale, Penny
Dietze, Paul
Fry, Craig
Journal name Journal of urban health
Volume number 80
Issue number 2
Start page 230
End page 237
Total pages 8 p.
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2003-06
ISSN 1099-3460
Summary Previous studies have reported varying rates of intentional overdose among heroin overdose survivors. This article reports on the prevalence of intentional heroin overdose among a sample of overdose survivors in Melbourne, Australia. This is part of a larger study examining the risk factors associated with nonfatal overdose. The study involved interviews, with 256 heroin overdose survivors successfully resuscitated by Melbourne Ambulance Service paramedics. A substantial minority (17%) of the sample indicated that they had ever had an intentional overdose, and 67% had one within the last 6 months (11% of the total sample). Of those who had ever intentionally overdosed, 21% did so at the overdose for which they were recruited into the study (4% of total sample). Self-reported reasons for intentional heroin overdose fell into two categories: precipitating events and emotional states prior to use. Intentional overdose appears to comprise a relatively low proportion of overall heroin overdoses. However, given the complexity of suicidal thought and behavior, it is possible that some heroin overdose survivors who report their overdose to be unintentional were in fact experiencing some degree of suicidal thinking at the time of the overdose. Future research could address the potentially ambiguous nature of some intentional heroin overdoses.
Language eng
Field of Research 111706 Epidemiology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Health and Social Development
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