Soil erosion in developing countries: a socio-economic appraisal

Ananda, Jayanath and Herath, Gamini 2003, Soil erosion in developing countries: a socio-economic appraisal, Journal of environmental management, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 343-353, doi: 10.1016/S0301-4797(03)00082-3.

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Title Soil erosion in developing countries: a socio-economic appraisal
Author(s) Ananda, Jayanath
Herath, Gamini
Journal name Journal of environmental management
Volume number 68
Issue number 4
Start page 343
End page 353
Publisher Elsevier Ltd.
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2003-08
ISSN 0301-4797
Keyword(s) Soil erosion
Market approaches
Technical change
Government policy
Summary Soil erosion is the single most important environmental degradation problem in the developing world. Despite the plethora of literature that exists on the incidence, causes and impacts of soil erosion, a concrete understanding of this complex problem is lacking. This paper examines the soil erosion problem in developing countries in order to understand the complex inter-relationships between population pressure, poverty and environmental-institutional dynamics. Two recent theoretical developments, namely Boserup's theory on population pressure, poverty and soil erosion and Lopez's theory on environmental and institutional dynamics have been reviewed. The analysis reveals that negative impacts of technical change, inappropriate government policies and poor institutions are largely responsible for the continued soil erosion in developing countries. On the other hand, potential for market-based approaches to mitigate the problem is also low due to the negative externalities involved. A deeper appreciation of institutional and environmental dynamics and policy reforms to strengthen weak institutions may help mitigate the problem.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/S0301-4797(03)00082-3
Field of Research 140205 Environment and Resource Economics
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2003, Elsevier Ltd.
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Business and Law
School of Accounting, Economics and Finance
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