Carbon nanotubes formed in graphite after mechanical grinding and thermal annealing

Chen, Ying, Conway, M.J. and Fitzgerald, J.D. 2003, Carbon nanotubes formed in graphite after mechanical grinding and thermal annealing, Applied physics A : materials science & processing, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 633-636, doi: 10.1007/s00339-002-1986-3.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Carbon nanotubes formed in graphite after mechanical grinding and thermal annealing
Author(s) Chen, YingORCID iD for Chen, Ying
Conway, M.J.
Fitzgerald, J.D.
Journal name Applied physics A : materials science & processing
Volume number 76
Issue number 4
Start page 633
End page 636
Publisher Springer Berlin
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publication date 2003-03
ISSN 0947-8396
Summary Multi-walled carbon nanotubes with cylindrical and bamboo-type structures are produced in a graphite sample after mechanical milling at ambient temperature and subsequent thermal annealing up to 1400 °C. The ball milling produces a precursor structure and the thermal annealing activates the nanotube growth. Different nanotubular structures indicate different formation mechanisms: multi-wall cylindrical carbon nanotubes are probably formed upon micropores and the bamboo tubes are produced because of the metal catalysts. A two-dimensional growth governed by surface diffusion is believed to be one important factor for the nanotube growth. A potential industrial production method is demonstrated with advantages of large production quantity and low cost.
Notes Published online: 4 December 2002
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s00339-002-1986-3
Field of Research 100706 Nanofabrication, Growth and Self Assembly
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2002, Springer-Verlag
Persistent URL

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Institute for Technology Research and Innovation
GTP Research
Connect to link resolver
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 43 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 51 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 1029 Abstract Views, 0 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Tue, 16 Jun 2009, 14:50:55 EST by Leanne Swaneveld

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact