Ego boundaries, shamanic-like techniques, and subjective experience : an experimental study

Rock, Adam, Wilson, Jessica, Johnston, Luke and Levesque, Janelle 2008, Ego boundaries, shamanic-like techniques, and subjective experience : an experimental study, Anthropology of consciousness, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 60-83, doi: 10.1111/j.1556-3537.2008.00003.x.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Ego boundaries, shamanic-like techniques, and subjective experience : an experimental study
Author(s) Rock, Adam
Wilson, Jessica
Johnston, Luke
Levesque, Janelle
Journal name Anthropology of consciousness
Volume number 19
Issue number 1
Start page 60
End page 83
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2008
ISSN 1053-4202
Keyword(s) shamanic
ego boundaries
subjective experience
Summary The subjective effects and therapeutic potential of the shamanic practice of journeying is well known. However, previous research has neglected to provide a comprehensive assessment of the subjective effects of shamanic-like journeying techniques on non-shamans. Shamanic-like techniques are those that demonstrate some similarity to shamanic practices and yet deviate from what may genuinely be considered shamanism. Furthermore, the personality traits that influence individual susceptibility to shamanic-like techniques are unclear. The aim of the present study was, thus, to investigate experimentally the effect of shamanic-like techniques and a personality trait referred to as "ego boundaries" on subjective experience including mood disturbance. Forty-three non-shamans were administered a composite questionnaire consisting of demographic items and a measure of ego boundaries (i.e., the Short Boundary Questionnaire; BQ-Sh). Participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: listening to monotonous drumming for 15 minutes coupled with one of two sets of journeying instructions; or sitting quietly with eyes closed for 15 minutes. Participants' subjective experience and mood disturbance were retrospectively assessed using the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI) and the Profile of Mood States-Short Form, respectively. The results indicated that there was a statistically significant difference between conditions with regard to the PCI major dimensions of visual imagery, attention and rationality, and minor dimensions of imagery amount and absorption. However, the shamanic-like conditions were not associated with a major reorganization of the pattern of subjective experience compared to the sitting quietly condition, suggesting that what is typically referred to as an altered state of consciousness effect was not evident. One shamanic-like condition and the BQ-Sh subscales need for order, childlikeness, and sensitivity were statistically significant predictors of total mood disturbance. Implications of the findings for the anthropology of consciousness are also considered.
Notes Published Online: 9 May 2008
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1556-3537.2008.00003.x
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, American Anthropological Association
Persistent URL

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Nursing and Midwifery
Connect to link resolver
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 6 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 496 Abstract Views, 1 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Fri, 14 Aug 2009, 13:49:51 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact