Body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors in Chile : the role of sociocultural factors

Mellor, David, McCabe, Marita, Ricciardelli, Lina and Merino, Maria Eugenia 2008, Body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors in Chile : the role of sociocultural factors, Body image, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 205-215, doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2008.01.004.

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Title Body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors in Chile : the role of sociocultural factors
Author(s) Mellor, DavidORCID iD for Mellor, David
McCabe, Marita
Ricciardelli, LinaORCID iD for Ricciardelli, Lina
Merino, Maria Eugenia
Journal name Body image
Volume number 5
Issue number 2
Start page 205
End page 215
Total pages 11
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2008-06
ISSN 1740-1445
Keyword(s) Chile
body dissatisfaction
weight loss behavior
muscle building behavior
Summary With interest in body image and body change behaviors growing around the world, there has been surprisingly little research conducted in Latin America on these issues. In order to gain some understanding of them in this context, this study investigated body image and body change behaviors, and the sociocultural factors that may influence them, among 337 Chilean adolescents aged 12–18 years. Participants completed a questionnaire that assessed BMI, body dissatisfaction, strategies to lose weight and strategies to increase muscle bulk. In addition, perceived pressure from family, peers, and the media to change body shape was evaluated. Results were partially consistent with those reported in Western nations. Girls were found to report greater body dissatisfaction than boys, but no difference was found between males and females in perceived pressure from adults in the family or from older siblings/cousins to lose weight. However, girls experienced higher levels of perceived pressure to lose weight from the media than boys, and boys reported greater perceived pressure from peers to lose weight than girls, and more pressure than girls from all sources to increase muscle bulk. These findings are discussed in relation to research conducted in other contexts, and it is concluded that findings from other locations may not be applied universally.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.bodyim.2008.01.004
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2008
Copyright notice ©2008, Elsevier Ltd
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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