Appearance-based comments, body dissatisfaction and drive for muscularity in males

Nowell, Carly and Ricciardelli, Lina A. 2008, Appearance-based comments, body dissatisfaction and drive for muscularity in males, Body image, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 337-345, doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2008.06.002.

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Title Appearance-based comments, body dissatisfaction and drive for muscularity in males
Author(s) Nowell, Carly
Ricciardelli, Lina A.ORCID iD for Ricciardelli, Lina A.
Journal name Body image
Volume number 5
Issue number 4
Start page 337
End page 345
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2008-12
ISSN 1740-1445
Keyword(s) body dissatisfaction
drive for muscularity
positive comments
negative comments
Summary This study examined the role of positive and negative appearance-based comments on body dissatisfaction and drive for muscularity among young adult males. The direct and moderating effect of self-esteem were also investigated; and BMI, age, and social desirability were included as covariates. The participants were 214 males aged between 18 and 30 years. More frequent negative comments were associated with higher body dissatisfaction whilst more frequent positive comments were associated with lower body dissatisfaction. However, both frequent negative and positive commentary were associated with higher drive for muscularity. Self-esteem was also associated with both body dissatisfaction and the drive for muscularity, but it did not moderate that influence of either positive or negative messages. Longitudinal research is now needed to determine the directionality of these relationships. Further research is required to establish the contexts in which positive and negative messages are associated with body dissatisfaction and the drive for muscularity.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.bodyim.2008.06.002
Field of Research 170106 Health
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008 Elsevier Ltd.
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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