International well-being index : the Austrian version

Renn, Daniela, Pfaffenberger, Nicole, Platter, Marion, Mitmansgruber, Horst, Cummins, Robert A. and Hofer, Stefan 2009, International well-being index : the Austrian version, Social indicators research, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 243-256, doi: 10.1007/s11205-008-9255-2.

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Title International well-being index : the Austrian version
Author(s) Renn, Daniela
Pfaffenberger, Nicole
Platter, Marion
Mitmansgruber, Horst
Cummins, Robert A.ORCID iD for Cummins, Robert A.
Hofer, Stefan
Journal name Social indicators research
Volume number 90
Issue number 2
Start page 243
End page 256
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2009-01
ISSN 0303-8300
Keyword(s) quality of life
international well-being index
social indicators research
subjective well-being
satisfaction with life
psychological well-being
Summary The International Well-being Index (IWI) measures both personal and national well-being. It comprises two subscales: the Personal Well-being Index (PWI) and the National Well-being Index (NWI). The aim of this paper is to test the psychometric properties (validity and reliability) of the translated scale in Austria. Convergent validity is assessed using the Scales of Psychological Well-Being, the Satisfaction with Life Scale and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale. In addition, a Visual–Analog Scales capturing “satisfaction with life as a whole” was applied. The participants were 581 students of the Medical University Innsbruck (female: 47.7%; age: 23.2 ± 3.7). Internal consistency (Cronbach’s α) of the IWI was for both scales > .70 (PWI: .85; NWI: .83). The exploratory factor analysis of the IWI identified a 2-factor-structure identical with the two scales of the IWI explaining 54.2% of the variance. The convergent validity hypotheses were confirmed, construct validity was partly confirmed for the PWI being a deconstruction of a first factor called “satisfaction with life” (38.1% explained variance). Happy participants scored higher on the PWI (84.3 ± 7.9 vs. 68.7 ± 13.7; p < .001) and NWI (64.3 ± 15.8 vs. 57.9 ± 15.1; p < .001) scores than unhappy participants. It is concluded that the Austrian version of the IWI is a reliable and valid instrument to assess personal and national well-being. Further studies including a representative sample should be carried out on a recurring basis to use the IWI as an indicator for social science research in Austria.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s11205-008-9255-2
Field of Research 160499 Human Geography not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
HERDC collection year 2009
Copyright notice ©2009, Springer
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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