Sedentary lifestyle as a risk factor for low back pain : a systematic review

Chen, Shu-Mei, Liu, Mei-Fang, Cook, Jill, Bass, Shona and Lo,Sing Kai 2009, Sedentary lifestyle as a risk factor for low back pain : a systematic review, International archives of occupational and environmental health, vol. 82, no. 7, pp. 797-806, doi: 10.1007/s00420-009-0410-0.

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Title Sedentary lifestyle as a risk factor for low back pain : a systematic review
Author(s) Chen, Shu-Mei
Liu, Mei-Fang
Cook, Jill
Bass, Shona
Lo,Sing Kai
Journal name International archives of occupational and environmental health
Volume number 82
Issue number 7
Start page 797
End page 806
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2009-07
ISSN 0340-0131
Keyword(s) low back pain
sedentary behaviour
prolonged sitting
risk factor
Summary Objectives To review systematically studies examining the association between sedentary lifestyle and low back pain (LBP) using a comprehensive definition of sedentary behaviour including prolonged sitting both at work and during leisure time.

Methods Journal articles published between 1998 and 2006 were obtained by searching computerized bibliographical databases. Quality assessment of studies employing a cohort or case–control design was performed to assess the strength of the evidence.

Results Using pre-determined keywords, we identified 1,778 titles of which 1,391 were considered irrelevant. Then, 20 of the remaining 387 publications were scrutinized for full review after an examination of all the 387 abstracts. Finally, 15 studies (10 prospective cohorts and 5 case–controls) were included in the methodological quality assessment, of which 8 (6 cohorts and 2 case–controls; 53%) were classified as high-quality studies. One high-quality cohort study reported a positive association, between LBP and sitting at work only; all other studies reported no significant associations. Hence, there was limited evidence to demonstrate that sedentary behaviour is a risk factor for developing LBP.

Conclusions The present review confirms that sedentary lifestyle by itself is not associated with LBP.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s00420-009-0410-0
Field of Research 111717 Primary Health Care
Socio Economic Objective 920204 Evaluation of Health Outcomes
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2009, Springer-Verlag
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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