Chronic disease risk factors in rural Australia : results from the Greater Green Triangle risk factor surveys

Laatikainen, Tina, Janus, Edward, Kilkkinen, Annamari, Heistaro, Sami, Tideman, Philip, Baird, Andrew, Tirimacco, Rosy, Whiting, Malcolm, Franklin, Lucinola, Chapman, Anna, Kao-Philpot, Anna and Dunbar, James 2009, Chronic disease risk factors in rural Australia : results from the Greater Green Triangle risk factor surveys, Asia-Pacific journal of public health, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 51-62.

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Title Chronic disease risk factors in rural Australia : results from the Greater Green Triangle risk factor surveys
Author(s) Laatikainen, Tina
Janus, Edward
Kilkkinen, Annamari
Heistaro, Sami
Tideman, Philip
Baird, Andrew
Tirimacco, Rosy
Whiting, Malcolm
Franklin, Lucinola
Chapman, AnnaORCID iD for Chapman, Anna
Kao-Philpot, Anna
Dunbar, JamesORCID iD for Dunbar, James
Journal name Asia-Pacific journal of public health
Volume number 21
Issue number 1
Start page 51
End page 62
Publisher Sage Publications
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, Calif.
Publication date 2009-01
ISSN 1010-5395
Keyword(s) chronic disease
Summary The aim of this article was to assess the level and prevalence of major chronic disease risk factors among rural adults. Two cross-sectional surveys were carried out in 2004 and 2005 in the southeast of South Australia and the southwest of Victoria. Altogether 891 randomly selected persons aged 25 to 74 years participated in the studies. Surveys included a self-administered questionnaire, physical measurements, and a venous blood specimen for lipid analyses. Two thirds of participants had cholesterol levels ≥5.0 mmol/L. The prevalence of high diastolic blood pressure (≥90 mm Hg) was 22% for men and 10% for women in southeast of South Australia, and less than 10% for both sexes in southwest of Victoria. Two thirds of participants were overweight or obese (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2). About 15% of men and slightly less women were daily smokers. The abnormal risk factor levels underline the need for targeted prevention activities in the Greater Green Triangle region. Continuing surveillance of levels and patterns of risk factors is fundamentally important for planning and evaluating preventive activities.
Notes Originally published online 11 December 2008.
Language eng
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920506 Rural Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
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