Diet high in monounsaturated fat does not have a different effect on arterial elasticity than a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet

Ashton, Emma Louise, Pomeroy, Sylvia, Foster, Jane Elisabeth, Kaye, Robyn Sandra, Nestel, Paul John and Ball, Madeleine 2000, Diet high in monounsaturated fat does not have a different effect on arterial elasticity than a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet, Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 537-542, doi: 10.1016/S0002-8223(00)00167-X.

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Title Diet high in monounsaturated fat does not have a different effect on arterial elasticity than a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet
Author(s) Ashton, Emma Louise
Pomeroy, Sylvia
Foster, Jane Elisabeth
Kaye, Robyn Sandra
Nestel, Paul John
Ball, Madeleine
Journal name Journal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume number 100
Issue number 5
Start page 537
End page 542
Publisher Elsevier Inc.
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2000-05
ISSN 0002-8223
Summary Objective : To compare the effects of a modified-fat diet high in monounsaturated fat, and a low-fat/high-carbohydrate diet on arterial elasticity.
Design : Randomized crossover design; each diet period was 1 month and a 2-week wash out period occurred in between.
Subjects/setting : Thirty healthy, free-living, nonsmoking men and women were recruited from the Melbourne, Australia, metropolitan region of Australia. Men were aged 35 to 55 years and postmenopausal women were aged 50 to 60 years and were not taking hormone replacement therapy. Twenty-eight subjects completed the study.
Intervention : Two diets of equal energy value: a modified-fat diet and a low-fat/high-carbohydrate diet; the modified-fat diet had 3 times more energy from monounsaturated fat.
Main outcome measures : Arterial elasticity and serum lipoprotein concentrations.
Statistical analysis : The general linear model was used to investigate overall effect and any carryover or order effects. Paired t test and the general linear model were used to compare the results from the 2 diet periods.
Results : High-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration was significantly higher on the modified-fat diet than on the low-fat/low-carbohydrate diet. Arterial elasticity and concentrations of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides were not significantly different on the 2 diets.
Applications/conclusions : There is no evidence to favor a diet high in monounsaturated fat over a low-fat/high-carbohydrate diet because of an effect on arterial elasticity. Other changes in diet may be needed to cause a beneficial effect on arterial elasticity.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/S0002-8223(00)00167-X
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2000, American Dietetic Association.
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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