Motivating offenders to change in therapy: an organizing framework

McMurran, Mary and Ward, Tony 2004, Motivating offenders to change in therapy: an organizing framework, Legal and criminological psychology, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 295-311, doi: 10.1348/1355325041719365.

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Title Motivating offenders to change in therapy: an organizing framework
Author(s) McMurran, Mary
Ward, Tony
Journal name Legal and criminological psychology
Volume number 9
Issue number 2
Start page 295
End page 311
Publisher British Psychological Society
Place of publication Leicester, England
Publication date 2004-09
ISSN 1355-3259
Summary Objectives. Motivating offenders to change in therapy is an important aspect of effective offender treatment, yet despite this, offenders' motivation to change has received little close attention in the academic and professional literature. This situation is a result of an over-emphasis on the risk management model of rehabilitation, and a consequent failure to construe motivation within an overarching theory of offender rehabilitation.

Method. We present a social cognitive model of offender motivation — the Good Lives Model (GLM) — that provides a framework for incorporating factors that have been shown to be of importance in enhancing offender motivation. This is based upon the notion that all humans strive to achieve primary goods that are intrinsically rewarding and essential to well-being. Where offenders are concerned, criminogenic problems relate, not to the goods offenders seek, but to the way they seek them. Any treatment approach should take this into account and focus positively on equipping people with the skills required to achieve goals rather than simply look to manage risk. The motivational construct that we use here is that of goals. In the GLM, goals are the less abstract depictions of primary human goods and it is with these that people are typically engaged in their day-to-day activities and lives. Looking at therapeutic goal-setting, methods and styles of therapy, and therapist approaches, we derive theoretically-based key issues in motivating offenders to change in therapy.

Conclusion. In conclusion, we present a summary of 12 strategies and techniques that will not only help practitioners enhance their therapeutic effectiveness, but hopefully also act as a catalyst in the development of research on offenders' motivation to change.
Notes Article first published online: 16 DEC 2010
Language eng
DOI 10.1348/1355325041719365
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2004, The British Psychological Society
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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