Droughts, floods and freshwater ecosystems : evaluating climate change impacts and developing adaptation strategies

Aldous, Allison, Fitzsimons, James, Richter, Brian and Bach, Leslie 2011, Droughts, floods and freshwater ecosystems : evaluating climate change impacts and developing adaptation strategies, Marine and freshwater research, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 223-231, doi: 10.1071/MF09285.

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Title Droughts, floods and freshwater ecosystems : evaluating climate change impacts and developing adaptation strategies
Author(s) Aldous, Allison
Fitzsimons, JamesORCID iD for Fitzsimons, James orcid.org/0000-0003-4277-8040
Richter, Brian
Bach, Leslie
Journal name Marine and freshwater research
Volume number 62
Issue number 3
Start page 223
End page 231
Publisher CSIRO Publishing
Place of publication Collingwood, Vic.
Publication date 2011
ISSN 1323-1650
Keyword(s) climate adaptation strategies
coupled climate–hydrology models
dam reoperation
environmental flows
groundwater-dependent ecosystems
land management
surface water
Murray-Darling Basin
Savannah Basin
Upper Klamath Basin
Summary Climate change is expected to have significant impacts on hydrologic regimes and freshwater ecosystems, and yet few basins have adequate numerical models to guide the development of freshwater climate adaptation strategies. Such strategies can build on existing freshwater conservation activities, and incorporate predicted climate change impacts. We illustrate this concept with three case studies. In the Upper Klamath Basin of the western USA, a shift in land management practices would buffer this landscape from a declining snowpack. In the Murray–Darling Basin of south-eastern Australia, identifying the requirements of flood-dependent natural values would better inform the delivery of environmental water in response to reduced runoff and less water. In the Savannah Basin of the south-eastern USA, dam managers are considering technological and engineering upgrades in response to more severe floods and droughts, which would also improve the implementation of recommended environmental flows. Even though the three case studies are in different landscapes, they all contain significant freshwater biodiversity values. These values are threatened by water allocation problems that will be exacerbated by climate change, and yet all provide opportunities for the development of effective climate adaptation strategies.
Language eng
DOI 10.1071/MF09285
Field of Research 050206 Environmental Monitoring
050205 Environmental Management
050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Socio Economic Objective 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, CSIRO
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30036869

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Created: Mon, 19 Sep 2011, 14:06:52 EST by James Fitzsimons

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