Thunderstorm asthma

Taylor, Philip E. and Jonsson, Haflidi 2004, Thunderstorm asthma, Current allergy and asthma reports, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 409-413, doi: 10.1007/s11882-004-0092-3.

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Title Thunderstorm asthma
Author(s) Taylor, Philip E.ORCID iD for Taylor, Philip E.
Jonsson, Haflidi
Journal name Current allergy and asthma reports
Volume number 4
Issue number 5
Start page 409
End page 413
Total pages 5
Publisher Springer Healthcare
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pa.
Publication date 2004-09
ISSN 1529-7322
Keyword(s) asthma
Summary Thunderstorms have often been linked to epidemics of asthma, especially during the grass flowering season; however, the precise mechanisms explaining this phenomenon are unknown. Evidence of high respirable allergen loadings in the air associated with specific meteorologic events combined with an analysis of pollen physiology suggests that rupture of airborne pollen can occur. Strong downdrafts and dry, cold outflows distinguish thunderstorm rain from frontal rain. The weather system of a mature thunderstorm likely entrains grass pollen into the cloud base, where pollen rupture would be enhanced, then transports the respirablesized fragments of pollen debris to ground level where outflows distribute them ahead of the rain. The conditions occurring at the onset of a thunderstorm might expose susceptible people to a rapid increase in concentrations of pollen allergens in the air that can readily deposit in the lower airways and initiate asthmatic reactions.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s11882-004-0092-3
Field of Research 060199 Biochemistry and Cell Biology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C3.1 Non-refereed articles in a professional journal
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